CN106139805B - A kind of high-effective dust-removing dust filtration device of sweeping and sucking type sweeper - Google Patents

A kind of high-effective dust-removing dust filtration device of sweeping and sucking type sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106139805B
CN106139805B CN201610686964.5A CN201610686964A CN106139805B CN 106139805 B CN106139805 B CN 106139805B CN 201610686964 A CN201610686964 A CN 201610686964A CN 106139805 B CN106139805 B CN 106139805B
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China
Prior art keywords
air channel
dust
sweeping
screen pack
dust arrester
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Application number
CN201610686964.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106139805A (en
Inventor
王同龙
李国祥
王吉瑞
朱广岗
闫伟
张辉明
狄超群
李学山
高超
乔严磊
张玲
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Shandong Pengxiang Automobile Co Ltd
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Shandong University
Shandong Pengxiang Automobile Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610686964.5A priority Critical patent/CN106139805B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of methods or devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/20Combinations of devices covered by groups B01D45/00 and B01D46/00

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Filtering Of Dispersed Particles In Gases (AREA)
  • Cyclones (AREA)
  • Combined Means For Separation Of Solids (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of high-effective dust-removing dust filtration device of sweeping and sucking type sweeper, it is characterized in, is formed by sweeping desorption system, three-level filter system and dust arrester outlet system;The desorption system of sweeping is by main brush(1)And disposal box(2)Form;The three-level filter system is by screen pack(8), cyclone pre-filtering air channel(3)And candle filter(4)Form;The dust arrester outlet system includes lower wind channel(6), dust arrester outlet(7)And vacuum fan(5);By setting three-level filter system and improving filtering air channel shape, the eddy flow flow and centrifugal force in dusty gas filter process are improved, improves the efficiency of dust collection and service life of sweeper dust arrester;Experiment and simulation analysis show that the dusty gas into cyclone pre-filtering air channel catches sedimentation rate to the gravel that particle diameter is 0.1~1.5mm and reaches 98%.

Description

A kind of high-effective dust-removing dust filtration device of sweeping and sucking type sweeper
Technical field:
The present invention relates to clean environmental sanitation driving skills art field, the high-effective dust-removing filter dirt of specifically a kind of sweeping and sucking type sweeper Device;For road cleanings such as urban road, airport, park, market and workshops.
Background technology:
Road sweeper is a kind of new and effective cleaning equipment for integrating road cleaning, garbage reclamation and transport, can For road-cleanings such as urban road surfaces, airport, park, market and workshops.The dedusting filter dirt dress of traditional Environmental sanitation cleaning vehicle The efficiency of dust collection put is low, and garbage reclamation rate is low, and the rubbish of variable grain size can not be handled in classification well, particle easily occur Hold when larger rubbish blocks filtration system, the smaller dust of particle can not be filtered, non-Chalk-dust filtering flows through the dust arresters such as blower fan Easily adhesion, leverages dust arrester normal service life and road cleaning efficiency.
The content of the invention:
The purpose of the present invention is to overcome the shortcomings of above-mentioned prior art, and provides a kind of high-effective dust-removing of sweeping and sucking type sweeper Dust filtration device;The dust arrester efficiency of dust collection for mainly solving existing road sweeper is low and the problems such as service life is short.
The technical scheme is that:A kind of high-effective dust-removing dust filtration device of sweeping and sucking type sweeper, it is characterized in that, Formed by sweeping desorption system, three-level filter system and dust arrester outlet system;
The desorption system of sweeping is made up of main brush and disposal box, and main brush is installed on disposal box porch, is touched with ground, uses In the rubbish for sweeping suction ground;
The three-level filter system includes screen pack, cyclone pre-filtering air channel and candle filter;Set in disposal box Filter screen, it is primary filter;Cyclone pre-filtering air channel is set on disposal box, is secondary filtration;Cyclone pre-filtering air channel side sets filter core Filter is three-stage filtration;
Described dust arrester outlet system includes lower wind channel, dust arrester outlet and vacuum fan;Described filter core Filter is connected by lower wind channel and dust arrester outlet, and dust arrester exit sets vacuum fan;
Described cyclone pre-filtering air channel includes guide port, guiding air channel, expansion chamber and the air outlet at top;Guide port with Two groups of left and right guiding air channel is connected, and guiding air channel end bottom is the settlement funnel in expansion chamber, and guiding air channel top is set The top outlet inlet that bore is less than settlement funnel bore is put, top outlet inlet is connected with upper wind channel, upper wind channel and filter Core filter connects;
The equal dextrorotation arrangement in guiding air channel, air-flow is non-interference, and guiding air channel is shaped as helical curve and its tangent line structure Into possessed functional relation is specially:
Described settlement funnel(14)For the tapering type funnel of spiral form, lower relative aperture ratio is 2 thereon:1, its is spiral yarn shaped Functional relation is specially:
Further, described screen pack is fence type, iron net formula OR gate bar, and screen pack is detachable, screen pack It is divided into coarse filtration net and thin screen pack, the mesh aperture of coarse filtration net is 30~60mm, and the mesh aperture of thin screen pack is 10mm.
Further, described top outlet inlet is the straight barrel type that depth is 62mm, its bore and settlement funnel relative aperture For 1:2.3.
Compared with the prior art a kind of high-effective dust-removing dust filtration device of sweeping and sucking type sweeper of the present invention has protrudes Substantive distinguishing features and marked improvement:1st, entered according to granulated garbage particle size in air-flow using different dedusting dust-filtering systems Row filtering, classification are provided with fence type screen pack, cyclone pre-filtering air channel and candle filter, separate the rubbish of different-grain diameter step by step Rubbish particle, so as to greatly improve the dedusting efficiency of dust filtration of dust arrester;2nd, the planform in cyclone pre-filtering air channel is changed Enter, one direction dextrorotation arrangement guiding air channel be set, settlement funnel is that spiral form is tapering type, add eddy flow flow velocity, flow and Airflow centrifugal power, improves the sedimentation filtration efficiency to granulated garbage, and experiment and simulation analysis show, and it is 0.1 to particle diameter~ The seizure sedimentation rate of 1.5mm gravel is up to 98%;3rd, detachable fence formula screen pack can then be changed different according to different operating environment The filter screen in mesh aperture, cleaning easy to disassemble, improve the service life of filtration system.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the three-level filter system schematic diagram of the dedusting dust filtration device of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the cyclone pre-filtering air channel structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the settlement funnel of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the dedusting dust filtration device inner side elevational view of the present invention.
Wherein:1 main brush, 2 disposal boxes, 3 cyclone pre-filtering air channels, 4 candle filters, 5 vacuum fans, 6 times wind channels, 7 Dust arrester exports, 8 screen packs, wind channel on 9,10 expansion chambers, 11 guide ports, 12 top outlet inlets, and 13 guiding air channels, 14 is heavy Funnel drops.
Embodiment:
For a better understanding and implementation, providing specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings describes the present invention in detail.
Embodiment 1, referring to Fig. 1,2,3,4,5, the disposal box 2 for sweeping desorption system is processed into according to design, desorption system will be swept Main brush 1 be installed on the porch of disposal box 2 for sweeping desorption system, touched with ground, for sweep inhale ground rubbish;Suction is swept in formation System;
Installation screen pack 8, is primary filter in disposal box 2;Cyclone pre-filtering air channel 3 is installed on disposal box 2, is two Level filtering;The side of cyclone pre-filtering air channel 3 installation candle filter 4 is three-stage filtration;Form three-level filter system;
Screen pack 8 is fence type, iron net formula OR gate bar, screen pack 8 to be detachable, screen pack be divided into coarse filtration net and Thin screen pack, the mesh aperture of coarse filtration net is 30~60mm, and the mesh aperture of thin screen pack is 10mm;Cyclone pre-filtering air channel 3 include guide port 11, guiding air channel 13, expansion chamber 10 and the air outlet 12 at top;Two groups of guiding air channels of guide port 11 and left and right 13 are connected, and the guiding end bottom of air channel 13 is the settlement funnel 14 in expansion chamber 10, and the guiding top of air channel 13 sets bore Less than the top outlet inlet 12 of the bore of settlement funnel 14, top outlet inlet 12 is connected with upper wind channel 9, upper wind channel 9 with Candle filter 4 is connected;
Two groups of left and right guiding air channel 13 equal dextrorotation arrangement, air-flow is non-interference, guiding air channel 13 be shaped as helical curve and Its tangent line is formed, and possessed functional relation is specially:
Top outlet inlet 12 is the straight barrel type that depth is 62mm, and its bore is 1 with the relative aperture of settlement funnel 14:2.3;Sedimentation Funnel 14 is the tapering type funnel of spiral form, and lower relative aperture ratio is 2 thereon:1, its spiral yarn shaped functional relation is specially:
Candle filter 4 is connected by lower wind channel 6 and dust arrester outlet 7, and at dust arrester outlet 7 Vacuum fan 5 is installed, vacuum fan 5 is located at dust arrester outlet 7, and air-flow suction is provided for whole dust pelletizing system;Formation removes Dirt device outlet system.
A kind of high-effective dust-removing dust filtration device of sweeping and sucking type sweeper of the present invention, operation principle, dusty gas is through collection Dirt case 2 guides oblique introduction, during by filter screen 8, makes bulky grain rubbish(Such as leaf, stone)Stopped by filter screen, make in gravity With lower natural subsidence into disposal box 2;Dusty gas after first filtering enters cyclone pre-filtration system, through guide port 11 and leads Wind channel 13 enters, and interfering between reduction air-flow, the little particle dust in gas is under swirling eddy centrifugal action Separate, into settlement funnel 14, fall into following expansion chamber 10;The dusty gas of secondary filter is through the He of top outlet inlet 12 Upper wind channel 9 enters candle filter 4, and fine dusts particle settles by the separated attachment of filter insert through vibrations in gas Into following expansion chamber, the clean gas after filtering is discharged through lower wind channel 6 from dust arrester outlet 7.
Although above-mentioned embodiments of the present invention are described with reference to accompanying drawing, not to the scope of the present invention Limitation, those skilled in the art is without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, it is not necessary to pays creative work Various change, modification, replacement and the modification that can make etc. are still within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

  1. A kind of 1. high-effective dust-removing dust filtration device of sweeping and sucking type sweeper, it is characterised in that by sweep desorption system, three-level filter system and Dust arrester outlet system forms;
    The desorption system of sweeping is by main brush(1)And disposal box(2)Form, main brush(1)It is installed on disposal box(2)Porch, with ground It is in contact, the rubbish on ground is inhaled for sweeping;
    The three-level filter system includes screen pack(8), cyclone pre-filtering air channel(3)And candle filter(4);In disposal box (2)Inside set screen pack(8), it is primary filter;Disposal box(2)On set cyclone pre-filtering air channel(3), it is secondary filtration;Cyclone is pre- Filter air channel(3)Side sets candle filter(4)For three-stage filtration;
    Described dust arrester outlet system includes lower wind channel(6), dust arrester outlet(7)And vacuum fan(5);Described Candle filter(4)Pass through lower wind channel(6)Exported with dust arrester(7)It is connected, dust arrester outlet(7)Place sets vacuum Fan(5);
    Described cyclone pre-filtering air channel(3)Including guide port(11), guiding air channel(13), expansion chamber(10)With the air-out at top Mouthful(12);Guide port(11)With two groups of left and right guiding air channel(13)It is connected, guides air channel(13)End bottom is expansion chamber (10)Interior settlement funnel(14), guide air channel(13)Top sets bore to be less than settlement funnel(14)The top outlet inlet of bore (12), top outlet inlet(12)With upper wind channel(9)It is connected, upper wind channel(9)With candle filter(4)Connection;
    The guiding air channel(13)Equal dextrorotation arrangement, air-flow is non-interference, guides air channel(13)It is shaped as helical curve and its cuts Line is formed, and possessed functional relation is specially:
    Described settlement funnel(14)For the tapering type funnel of spiral form, lower relative aperture ratio is 2 thereon:1, its spiral yarn shaped function Relation is specially:
  2. 2. the high-effective dust-removing dust filtration device of a kind of sweeping and sucking type sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Screen pack(8)For fence type, iron net formula OR gate bar, screen pack(8)To be detachable, screen pack(8)Be divided into coarse filtration net and Thin screen pack, the mesh aperture of coarse filtration net is 30~60mm, and the mesh aperture of thin screen pack is 10mm.
  3. 3. the high-effective dust-removing dust filtration device of a kind of sweeping and sucking type sweeper according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Top outlet inlet(12)The straight barrel type for being 62mm for depth, its bore and settlement funnel(14)Relative aperture is 1:2.3.
CN201610686964.5A 2016-08-19 2016-08-19 A kind of high-effective dust-removing dust filtration device of sweeping and sucking type sweeper Active CN106139805B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107213740A (en) * 2017-07-20 2017-09-29 武汉铭科轨道交通装备有限公司 A kind of cleaning device of motor car equipment cooling air
CN110258398B (en) * 2019-06-06 2021-04-09 长沙中联重科环境产业有限公司 Garbage dust removal system and sweeper with same

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2078832B1 (en) * 2002-07-25 2010-11-03 Refaat A. Kammel Exhaust after-treatment system for the reduction of pollutants from diesel engine exhaust and related method
CN102587312A (en) * 2011-11-29 2012-07-18 青特集团有限公司 Pre-filtering device for sweeping truck
CN204959665U (en) * 2015-07-20 2016-01-13 安徽江淮扬天汽车股份有限公司 Motor sweeper dust collector
CN206240221U (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-06-13 山东蓬翔汽车有限公司 A kind of high-effective dust-removing dust filtration device of sweeping and sucking type sweeper

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2078832B1 (en) * 2002-07-25 2010-11-03 Refaat A. Kammel Exhaust after-treatment system for the reduction of pollutants from diesel engine exhaust and related method
CN102587312A (en) * 2011-11-29 2012-07-18 青特集团有限公司 Pre-filtering device for sweeping truck
CN204959665U (en) * 2015-07-20 2016-01-13 安徽江淮扬天汽车股份有限公司 Motor sweeper dust collector
CN206240221U (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-06-13 山东蓬翔汽车有限公司 A kind of high-effective dust-removing dust filtration device of sweeping and sucking type sweeper

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Effective date of registration: 20181008

Address after: 265607 No. 5 South Ring Road, Penglai, Yantai, Shandong

Patentee after: Shandong Pengxiang Automobile Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 265607 No. 5 South Ring Road, Penglai, Yantai, Shandong

Co-patentee before: Shandong University

Patentee before: Shandong Pengxiang Automobile Co.,Ltd.