CN205699963U - A kind of centrifugal humidification-type dedusting filter - Google Patents

A kind of centrifugal humidification-type dedusting filter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205699963U
CN205699963U CN201620321392.6U CN201620321392U CN205699963U CN 205699963 U CN205699963 U CN 205699963U CN 201620321392 U CN201620321392 U CN 201620321392U CN 205699963 U CN205699963 U CN 205699963U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
centrifugal
dedusting
outer cylinder
cover body
inner barrel
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620321392.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王振民
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Tianjin Jingda Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Tianjin Jingda Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201620321392.6U priority Critical patent/CN205699963U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of centrifugal humidification-type dedusting filter, including centrifugal dedusting cylinder and atomizing humidifier, described centrifugal dedusting cylinder is arranged on the top of road sweeper garbage collection box;Centrifugal dedusting cylinder includes outer cylinder body and the inner barrel that upper end all opens, and the bottom of inner barrel is provided with taper material guiding hopper, is provided with motor and centrifugal impeller in inner barrel;Motor shield is installed in the outside of motor;Gas outlet rectilinear direction at outer cylinder body and atmosphere has the dedusting overhead guard for cylinder axial flow is adjusted to radial air flow;Atomizing humidifier includes storage tank, high-pressure hydraulic pump, and the atomizer connecting with high-pressure hydraulic pump, and atomizer is positioned at the bottom of taper material guiding hopper.The utility model has simple in construction, easy to install, with low cost, energy consumption is low, dust removing effects is high, the advantage such as easy to maintenance.

Description

A kind of centrifugal humidification-type dedusting filter
Technical field
The utility model belongs to road sweeper dedusting technology field, particularly relates to a kind of centrifugal humidification-type dust removal and filtration dress Put.
Background technology
At present, the working environment very severe of road sweeper, when cleaning the entrance garbage collection box of the rubbish after finishing, It is all negative pressure in its garbage collection box and purging system, it is therefore desirable to its interior air ceaselessly extracted out by blower fan.Due to blower fan Impeller precision higher, few rubbish attachment and entering all can cause the disorder of air-flow in blower fan, produces windage, and then Affect the power of blower fan.Now the electric current of blower fan steeply rises, and rotating speed declines simultaneously, on the one hand be the air quantity extracted out drastically Reduce, burn after on the other hand also easily causing blower fan overload.Therefore, when air is discharged by garbage collection box, all Dust removal and filtration mechanism can be related to, solve blower fan obstructing problem.
The dedusting filter that general fluid machinery (air compressor machine, compressor, vavuum pump, blower fan etc.) uses mostly is conventional Screen type, rashig formula, papery and fibrous material filter.Using screen type final dusting, specific collection area is little, only Bigger dust can be filtered, cause fine ash dirt to be entered in fluid machinery cavity by aspirating air pipe, exacerbate the abrasion of cylinder body, Parts often carry out disintegrate cleaning, replacing.Causing material, fittings cost high, fault is many, and equipment service efficiency is low, And using papery and fibrous material to filter, grit piles up easily blocking, needs also exist for frequent shutdown and changes the phenomenons such as filtering material. Increase the labour intensity of workman.
Outside divided by upper type, known common dedusting method also has the mode such as absorption type, electrostatic, plasma method.
Absorption type is high surface area and the loose structure capture particulate pollutant utilizing material (such as activated carbon), it is easy to blocking, More notable for gas pollutant removal effect, but relatively costly, it is only suitable for the molecule of dust simultaneously.
Electrostatic precipitation utilizes high-voltage electrostatic field to make gas ionization so that dust particles is adsorbed onto the collecting method on electrode, its windage Though little but effect difference is trapped to larger particles and fiber, can cause electric discharge, and it is time-consuming to clean trouble, is easily generated ozone, shape Become to pollute.
Plasma method is by making the particulate matter in air charged, and coalescence forms larger particles and settles, but particulate matter is actual On do not remove, be only attached near surface on, in the case that garbage collection box is closed system, due to air-flow Impact, can cause repeatedly airborne dust.
Data shows, traditional standard filter media can effectively remove the particulate matter of more than 10 microns.Work as particulate matter Particle diameter except to 5 microns, during the scope of 2 microns of even sub-micron, filtration system will become costly, and windage meeting Dramatically increase.
Content of the invention
The utility model provide for solving technical problem present in known technology a kind of simple in construction, easy to install, Centrifugal humidification-type dedusting filter with low cost, that energy consumption is low, dust removing effects is high, easy to maintenance.
The utility model technical problem present in solution known technology is adopted the technical scheme that:
A kind of centrifugal humidification-type dedusting filter, it is characterised in that: include centrifugal dedusting cylinder and atomizing humidifier, Described centrifugal dedusting cylinder is arranged on the top of road sweeper garbage collection box;Described centrifugal dedusting cylinder includes that upper end is equal Open outer cylinder body and inner barrel, described outer cylinder body uses variable-diameter structure, and the diameter of lower end is less than the diameter of upper end, described The top of outer cylinder body is the gas outlet of atmosphere;The height of described inner barrel is less than the height of outer cylinder body, described inner barrel Bottom be provided with taper material guiding hopper, in described inner barrel, motor is installed, the clutch end of described motor is towards taper Material guiding hopper direction, at the output installation centrifugal impeller of motor, described centrifugal impeller is positioned at taper material guiding hopper;Described electricity Motor shield is installed in the outside of machine;Gas outlet rectilinear direction at outer cylinder body and atmosphere has for by axial for cylinder gas Stream is adjusted to the dedusting overhead guard of radial air flow;
Described dedusting overhead guard includes annular cover body, and described annular cover body is in the uniform elongated hole of giving vent to anger that offers of circumferencial direction, annular The bottom of cover body is provided with cover body base plate, and described cover body base plate is provided with the centre bore placing centrifugal dedusting cylinder;Described annular The removable installation in the top cover body cover plate of cover body;
Described atomizing humidifier includes storage tank, and described storage tank connects high-pressure hydraulic pump, described high pressure by high-pressure water pipe Being provided with high-pressure outlet on water pump, atomizer is installed in the end of described high-pressure outlet, and described atomizer is by peace Shelve the bottom being suspended on taper material guiding hopper.
The utility model can also adopt the following technical scheme that
The upper end of described outer cylinder body is provided inwardly with bending part, forms dash groove between described bending part and inner core body wall.
The utility model has the advantage that and with good effect is: due to the utility model use technique scheme, have with Lower advantage:
1. the effect removing particulates is the hundreds of times of tradition mechanical type dedusting method.Tradition mechanical type dedusting base Originally cannot remove the molecule in air, the utility model dust removing effects can reach more than 66%.
2nd, the utility model cost is electrostatic precipitation and the 1/5-1/8 of plasma method dedusting.
3. the utility model is owing to using straight-through heavy caliber centrifugal structure, it is entirely avoided the windage of tradition dedusting method. Multistage filtering, makes dust removing effects more preferably obvious.
4. the utility model dust removing effects is obvious, and the loss to dust arrester is very low, and attachment is considerably less simultaneously, between cleaning It every up to 30 working days, it is three times of the modes such as bag-type dust.
In sum, the utility model also has simple in construction, easy to install, with low cost, energy consumption is low, dedusting The advantages such as effect is high, easy to maintenance.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is centrifugal dedusting barrel structure schematic diagram.
In figure: the 1st, centrifugal dedusting cylinder;1-1, outer cylinder body;1-10, gas outlet;1-11, bending part;1-12, dash Groove;1-2, inner barrel;1-20, taper material guiding hopper;1-3, motor;1-4, centrifugal impeller;1-5, motor shield; 1-6, dedusting overhead guard;1-60, annular cover body;1-61, elongated hole of giving vent to anger;1-62, cover body base plate;1-63, cover body cover plate; 2nd, atomizing humidifier;2-1, storage tank;2-2, high-pressure hydraulic pump;2-3, high-pressure outlet;2-4, atomizer; 2-5, installing rack;2-6, high-pressure water pipe.
Detailed description of the invention
For content of the invention of the present utility model, feature and effect can be further appreciated that, hereby enumerate following example, and coordinate Accompanying drawing describes in detail as follows:
Embodiment 1, refers to Fig. 1, the centrifugal humidification-type dedusting filter of one, including centrifugal dedusting cylinder 1 and atomization Damping device 2, described centrifugal dedusting cylinder 1 is arranged on the top of road sweeper garbage collection box;Described centrifugal dedusting Cylinder 1 includes outer cylinder body 1-1 and the inner barrel 1-2 that upper end all opens, and described outer cylinder body uses variable-diameter structure, the diameter of lower end Less than the diameter of upper end, the effect becoming big is that centrifugal force diminishes, simultaneously as the reason that water smoke viscosity increase, dust because of Diminish for centrifugal force and viscosity increases and is attached on outer tube wall, then form fluid and flow back to garbage collection box;Described urceolus The top of body is the gas outlet 1-10 of atmosphere;The height less than outer cylinder body 1-1 for the height of described inner barrel 1-2, described The bottom of inner barrel 1-2 is provided with taper material guiding hopper 1-20, is provided with motor 1-3, described motor in described inner barrel 1-2 Clutch end towards taper material guiding hopper 1-20 direction, the output at motor installs centrifugal impeller 1-4, described centrifugal Impeller 1-4 is positioned at taper material guiding hopper 1-20;Motor shield 1-5 is installed in the outside of described motor 1-3;At outer cylinder body and The gas outlet rectilinear direction of atmosphere has the dirt overhead guard 1-6 for cylinder axial flow is adjusted to radial air flow;
Described dedusting overhead guard 1-6 includes annular cover body 1-60, and described annular cover body offers length of giving vent to anger circumferencial direction is uniform Hole 1-61, the bottom of annular cover body is provided with cover body base plate 1-62, and described cover body base plate is provided with places centrifugal dedusting cylinder Centre bore;The removable installation in the top cover body cover plate 1-63 of described annular cover body;
Described atomizing humidifier 2 includes storage tank 2-1, and described storage tank 2-1 connects water under high pressure by high-pressure water pipe 2-6 Pump 2-2, described high-pressure hydraulic pump 2-2 is provided with high-pressure outlet 2-3, and mist is installed in the end of described high-pressure outlet 2-3 Changing nozzle 2-4, described atomizer 2-4 is suspended on the bottom of taper material guiding hopper 1-20 by installing rack 2-5.Refer to figure 2, in dedusting cylinder, discharge, in order to reducing further, the moisture containing in gas, the upper end of described outer cylinder body is provided inwardly with folding Turn of bilge 1-11, forms dash groove 1-12 between described bending part and inner core body wall, described dash groove also increases simultaneously Windage.
Utility model works principle:
When rubbish is after being entered garbage collection box by impelling, due to gravity, majority is independently settled by rubbish.This centrifuges and adds Wet dust removal filter i.e. scenery resource quality are at roof, and for weight, first article big, bulky will settle, from The negative pressure that lobus cardiacus wheel produces also produces significantly impact to article lightweight, that volume is little, attracts molecule to centrifugal leaf Wheel Way out motion.
In centrifugal impeller outlet, the utility model arranges the atomizer of low discharge, by atomizer by all processes The air wetting of centrifugal impeller outlet, the molecule such as dust therein majority is swept away by water smoke, and remaining molecule is also Draught fan impeller rear portion is entered together with minority water smoke.
Enter water smoke and the molecule mixture of centrifugal impeller nearly mounting flange side, rotarily drive through blower fan, at lower cone Under the effect of shape material guiding hopper, twist to top gas outlet 1-10 motion.Now, will owing to rotating the centrifugal force producing Water smoke and molecule will be attached to, on the barrel of outer cylinder body 1-1 and inner barrel 1-2, continue in centrifugal dedusting cylinder 1 simultaneously Continue and upwards move with spirality.And due to dead weight and windage, most water smokes and molecule mixture will be blocked down Falling behind and coming back to garbage collection box by the gap of outer dedusting barrel, only minority rubbish is discharged by macropore.Through measurement, In the not enough garbage collection box of rubbish that macropore is discharged 1%, has reached domestically leading level.And add owing to being atomized nozzle Wet, substantially without causing airborne dust.
The above is only to preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not makees the utility model any pro forma Limit, every according to technical spirit of the present utility model to any simple modification made for any of the above embodiments, equivalent variations with Modify, in the range of belonging to technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (2)

1. a centrifugal humidification-type dedusting filter, it is characterised in that: include centrifugal dedusting cylinder and atomizing humidifier, Described centrifugal dedusting cylinder is arranged on the top of road sweeper garbage collection box;Described centrifugal dedusting cylinder includes that upper end is equal Open outer cylinder body and inner barrel, described outer cylinder body uses variable-diameter structure, and the diameter of lower end is less than the diameter of upper end, described The top of outer cylinder body is the gas outlet of atmosphere;The height of described inner barrel is less than the height of outer cylinder body, described inner barrel Bottom be provided with taper material guiding hopper, in described inner barrel, motor is installed, the clutch end of described motor is towards taper Material guiding hopper direction, at the output installation centrifugal impeller of motor, described centrifugal impeller is positioned at taper material guiding hopper;Described electricity Motor shield is installed in the outside of machine;Gas outlet rectilinear direction at outer cylinder body and atmosphere has for by axial for cylinder gas Stream is adjusted to the dedusting overhead guard of radial air flow;
Described dedusting overhead guard includes annular cover body, and described annular cover body is in the uniform elongated hole of giving vent to anger that offers of circumferencial direction, annular The bottom of cover body is provided with cover body base plate, and described cover body base plate is provided with the centre bore placing centrifugal dedusting cylinder;Described annular The removable installation in the top cover body cover plate of cover body;
Described atomizing humidifier includes storage tank, and described storage tank connects high-pressure hydraulic pump, described high pressure by high-pressure water pipe Being provided with high-pressure outlet on water pump, atomizer is installed in the end of described high-pressure outlet, and described atomizer is by peace Shelve the bottom being suspended on taper material guiding hopper.
2. centrifugal humidification-type dedusting filter according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described outer cylinder body upper End is provided inwardly with bending part, forms dash groove between described bending part and inner core body wall.
CN201620321392.6U 2016-04-15 2016-04-15 A kind of centrifugal humidification-type dedusting filter Expired - Fee Related CN205699963U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620321392.6U CN205699963U (en) 2016-04-15 2016-04-15 A kind of centrifugal humidification-type dedusting filter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620321392.6U CN205699963U (en) 2016-04-15 2016-04-15 A kind of centrifugal humidification-type dedusting filter

Publications (1)

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CN205699963U true CN205699963U (en) 2016-11-23

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105727677A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-07-06 天津京达科技有限公司 Centrifugal humidifying dust removal filtering device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105727677A (en) * 2016-04-15 2016-07-06 天津京达科技有限公司 Centrifugal humidifying dust removal filtering device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161123

Termination date: 20170415