CN106097539A - A kind of coin classifier - Google Patents

A kind of coin classifier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106097539A
CN106097539A CN201610395373.2A CN201610395373A CN106097539A CN 106097539 A CN106097539 A CN 106097539A CN 201610395373 A CN201610395373 A CN 201610395373A CN 106097539 A CN106097539 A CN 106097539A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
track
coin
classification
outlet
dish
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610395373.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
方遒
易了
郭靖
陈钦松
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Xiamen University of Technology
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Xiamen University of Technology
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xiamen University of Technology filed Critical Xiamen University of Technology
Priority to CN201610395373.2A priority Critical patent/CN106097539A/en
Publication of CN106097539A publication Critical patent/CN106097539A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07DHANDLING OF COINS OR VALUABLE PAPERS, e.g. TESTING, SORTING BY DENOMINATIONS, COUNTING, DISPENSING, CHANGING OR DEPOSITING
    • G07D3/00Sorting a mixed bulk of coins into denominations
    • G07D3/02Sorting coins by means of graded apertures
    • G07D3/04Sorting coins by means of graded apertures arranged on an inclined rail

Abstract

A kind of coin classifier, including frame, grader and connect dish, described grader tilts to be located in frame, difference coin is carried out classifying and being divided in connecing in dish under effect of vibration by described grader, described grader includes input port and the classification track being sequentially connected with, include multiple classification track, the plurality of classification track is connected with input port side by side, described classification track is provided with and connects the first track and the second track in bending, between described second track and the first track, there is angle α, coin is close to lower wall when entering the second track and moves, classification outlet is offered on described second track, coin connects dish from classification outlet entrance of dropping.First track and the second track are bent and connect by the present invention, have angle α between the second track and the first track.So being close to lower wall during coin entrance the second track to move, i.e. determining the mobile route of coin, such design can improve the accuracy of classification.

Description

A kind of coin classifier
Technical field
The present invention relates to bill processing device, particularly relate to a kind of coin classifier.
Background technology
Coin replaces note of small denominations circulation to provide convenience for the modern life, but coin is after recovery, its classification and meter Number is very thorny.The receipt and payment of outlet of banking system, public transit system, telecommunication system each basic unit coin, check and pack automatically Change degree is low, and facility famine operates substantially by hand, and difficulty is big, and efficiency is low, error-prone.
The effect of coin sorter is that the coin making different denomination is separated.Such as coin sorting device conventional at present For centrifugal coin classifier, its operation principle is: coin is placed on (hole chi on the rotating disk that different size hole is distributed The very little currency type face amount depending on screening), during turntable rotation, the coin of different values of money is because being fallen into different hole by centrifugal force difference in size Hole, reaches the purpose of coin classification.Existing coin sorting device is commonly present only has a classification passage, and efficiency is low;Or set Having to individual classification passage, but bringing the problems such as the accuracy rate reduction of classification when arranging multiple passage.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the shortcoming of prior art, provide the accuracy rate height of a kind of classification, classification effectiveness high Coin classifier.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, present invention employs techniques below measure:
A kind of coin classifier, including frame, grader and connect dish, described grader tilts to be located in frame, described grader Difference coin is carried out classifying and being divided in connecing in dish under effect of vibration, described grader include the input port that is sequentially connected with and Classification track, includes multiple classification track, and the plurality of classification track is connected with input port side by side, and described classification track is provided with Connecting the first track and the second track in bending, having angle α between described second track and the first track, coin enters second Being close to lower wall during track to move, described second track offering classification outlet, coin connects from classification outlet entrance of dropping Dish.
The present invention can also be perfect further by techniques below measure:
As improving further, including multiple classification track, the plurality of classification track is connected with input port side by side.
As improving further, the porch of described first track is provided with lattice baffle plate, described lattice baffle plate and the first track it Between leave coin enter access space, described access space is 2mm-4mm.
As improving further, each second track described offers multiple classification varying in size and exports, described point Class outlet is divided into one jiao of outlet and five jiaos of outlets according to size difference, and coin moves to go out from one jiao successively along the second track Mouth, five jiaos of outlets and the second track end drop and are isolated.
As improving further, described one jiao of outlet and five jiaos of outlets are the opening of rectangle structure.
As improving further, described one jiao of outlet back gauge lower wall farther out is 19.2mm-20mm, and described one jiao goes out The width of mouth is 11mm-15mm, and described five jiaos of outlet back gauge lower wall farther out are 21mm-23mm, described five jiaos of outlets Width is 12mm-18mm.
As improving further, described classification outlet is respectively arranged below with collection slide, described collection slide relative level Face is obliquely installed, and described collection slide lays respectively at the lower section of one jiao of outlet, five jiaos of outlets and the second track end, and each is collected Being respectively equipped with under slideway and connecing dish, the described dish that connects is positioned at the shorter one end of collection slide height, and coin drops from classification outlet and receiving Collection slideway, then move to connecing dish from collection slide.
As improving further, described connecing the column structure that dish is hollow, the described packing that connects is according to collecting the size of coin not Be arranged to diameter different connect dish.
As improving further, a sidewall of described input port is provided with blower fan, and another sidewall of described input port sets Jagged, wind direction indentation, there is blowed by described blower fan.
As improving further, described grader tilts to be located in frame, and the angle of inclination beta of institute's grader relative level is 25°-45°。
As improving further, the scope of described angle α is 110 °-150 °.
Compared with prior art, the invention have the advantages that
1st, tilting to be located in frame by grader, coin can rely on the gravity of coin self move along classification track and classify.And Grader can make it vibrate by arranging vibrating motor etc., and effect of vibration can allow each coin separate, it is to avoid coin is folded The phenomenon adding.
2nd, the first track and the second track are bent connection, between the second track and the first track, there is angle α.So money Coin is close to lower wall when entering the second track and moves, and i.e. determines the mobile route of coin.When the diameter of coin is less than the second rail During the distance on road lower wall and classification opening one side farther out, coin then drops realization classification from classification opening.Such design can improve The accuracy of classification.
3rd, arranging multiple with input port link sort arranged side by side track, coin can be carried out point by multiple classification track simultaneously Class, accelerates classification speed.Can be suitably used for large batch of coin classification process, the coin meeting the system such as public transport, bank divides Class demand.
4th, by arranging collection slide, it lays respectively at the lower section of one jiao of outlet, five jiaos of outlets and the second track end, point Do not collect the coin of a mao coin, five mao coin and unitary.Lower section without each classification opening in each classification track Arrange one and connect dish, and a collection slide only need to be set below the same class coin classification opening of each classification track.Simplify The overall structure of equipment, is also convenient for operator and collects coin.
5th, will connect dish and be set to the column structure of hollow, the coin after so collecting is that being stacked on of column connects in dish, side Just the arrangement further of coin with check.
6th, the porch at the first track arranges lattice baffle plate, limits coin and enters fashionable access space, first directly avoids Coin erects the phenomenon moving.Secondly access space is limited between 2mm-4mm, the about thickness of two coins, it is to avoid Entrance is too small cannot be passed through from access space under effect of vibration.The access space of this size, then applied vibration effect, substantially Do not have the phenomenon of coin superposition, it is to avoid the accuracy of stacking impact classification during classification.
Brief description
Accompanying drawing 1 is the front view of coin classifier of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the schematic diagram in A direction along accompanying drawing 1;
Accompanying drawing 3 is the sectional view in B-B direction along accompanying drawing 2;
Accompanying drawing 4 is the sectional view in C-C direction along accompanying drawing 2.
Detailed description of the invention
With detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, a kind of coin classifier 100, including frame the 10th, grader 20 and connect dish (not shown), institute Stating grader 20 to tilt to be located in frame 10, difference coin is classified under effect of vibration and is divided in by described grader 20 Connect in dish (not shown).Described grader 20 includes input port 24 and the classification track being sequentially connected with, and includes multiple classification rail Road, the plurality of classification track is connected with input port 24 side by side.Described classification track is provided with and connects the first track 21 He in bending Second track 22, has angle α between described second track 22 and the first track 21, coin is close to when entering the second track 22 Lower wall moves.Offering classification outlet on described second track 22, coin connects dish (not shown) from classification outlet entrance of dropping.
Tilting to be located in frame 10 by grader 20, coin can rely on the gravity of coin self move along classification track and divide Class.And grader 20 can make it vibrate by arranging vibrating motor 40 etc., effect of vibration can allow each coin separate, and keeps away Exempt from the phenomenon of coin superposition.First track 21 is bent with the second track 22 and is connected, primarily to coin enters the second track It is close to lower wall when 22 to move, i.e. determine the mobile route of coin.When coin diameter less than the second track 22 lower wall with During the distance on classification opening one side farther out, coin then drops realization classification from classification opening.Such design can improve the accurate of classification Property.Arranging multiple and input port 24 link sort track arranged side by side, coin can be classified by multiple classification track simultaneously, be added Fast classification speed.Can be suitably used for large batch of coin classification process, meet the coin classification need of the system such as public transport, bank Ask.
Wherein, the specification of the 5th set each coin of RMB is: a mao, diameter 19mm, thickness 1.67mm;Five maos, Diameter 20.5mm, thickness 1.65mm;Unitary, diameter 25mm, thickness 1.85mm.
As it is shown on figure 3, the porch of described first track 21 is provided with lattice baffle plate 25, described lattice baffle plate 25 and the first track 21 Between leave the access space 251 that coin enters, described access space 251 is 2mm-4mm.Set in the porch of the first track 21 Put lattice baffle plate 25, limit coin and enter fashionable access space 251, first directly avoid coin to erect the phenomenon moving.Secondly It is limited in access space 251 between 2mm-4mm, about the thickness of two coins, it is to avoid nothing under entrance this effect of vibration too small Method passes through from access space 251., substantially without there is coin superposition in the access space 251 of this size, then applied vibration effect Phenomenon, it is to avoid during classification stacking impact classification accuracy.
In embodiment, by arranging vibrating motor 40 on grader 20, it is achieved the vibration demand of grader 20.Described point Class device 20 tilts to be located in frame 10, and the angle of inclination beta of institute's grader 20 relative level is 25 °-45 °.Inclination angle is arranged on When in the range of this, the speed that coin moves is moderate, it is to avoid coin moves too fast problem coin jam easily occur.Preferably , angle of inclination beta is 30 °.The scope of described angle α is 110 °-150 °, and preferably angle α is 135 °.Angle α is too little, during such as 90 °, Bending degree is too big, and the movement of coin can be made to have some setbacks.And angle α is too big, as close to 180 °, bending degree is inadequate, may The lower wall that rising limit part coin is not close to classification track moves, and have impact on the accuracy of coin motion track.
In embodiment, as it is shown on figure 3, the width of the first track 21 is about 31mm, this width is less than any two coin Diameter sum, it is to avoid two coins move side by side, cause the lower wall having part coin not to be close to classification track to move. As shown in Figure 4, the width of the second track 22 is about 32mm, similarly less than the diameter sum of any two coin, with the first track The design of 21 width solves same problem.The width of the second track 22 can be slightly wide than the first track 21, allows coin in bending place Movement more smooth and easy.
Offering multiple classification varying in size outlet on each second track 22 described, described classification outlet is according to size Varying in size and being divided into one jiao of outlet 221 and five jiaos of outlets 222, coin moves successively from one jiao of outlet the 221st, five along the second track 22 Angle outlet 222 and the second track 22 end drop and are isolated.One mao coin, five mao coin and unitary coin go out from one jiao respectively Mouth the 221st, five jiaos of outlets 222 and the second track 22 drop.In embodiment, described one jiao of outlet 221 and five jiaos of outlets 222 are long The opening of square structure, this simple in construction is easily worked, and is to be suitable for the opening that coin drops.Described one jiao of outlet 221 is relatively Remote is h1 with the distance definition of lower wall on one side, and described h1 is 19.2mm-20mm, and described one jiao of width exporting 221 is 11mm- 15mm, wherein width refers to the direction vertical with the second track length direction.One jiao of outlet 221 back gauge lower wall farther out Distance slightly larger than the diameter of a mao coin, and the distance of one jiao of outlet 221 nearlyer back gauge lower wall is less than a mao coin Radius, such coin 221 drops from one jiao of outlet because of self gravitation effect.And five mao coin are all big with the diameter of unitary coin In 20mm, therefore cannot drop from one jiao of outlet 221.Described five jiaos of outlets 222 are on one side h2 with the distance first of lower wall farther out, Described h2 is 21mm-23mm, and the width of described five jiaos of outlets 222 is 12mm-18mm, and same width refers to and the second track The vertical direction of length direction.This size design is similar with the design principle of one jiao of outlet 221, it is ensured that dropping of five mao coin And avoid dropping of unitary coin.Preferably, one jiao of outlet 221 back gauge lower wall farther out is 19.5mm, one jiao of outlet 221 Width be 14.5mm.Five jiaos of outlet 222 back gauge lower wall farther out are 22mm, and the width of five jiaos of outlets 222 is 16mm.
Described classification outlet is respectively arranged below with collection slide 23, and described collection slide 23 relative level is obliquely installed, Described collection slide 23 lays respectively at the lower section of one jiao of outlet the 221st, five jiaos of outlets 222 and the second track 22 end, and each is collected Being respectively equipped with under slideway 23 and connecing dish (not shown), the described dish (not shown) that connects is positioned at the shorter one end of collection slide 23 height, money Coin drops at collection slide 23 from classification outlet, then moves to connecing dish (not shown) from collection slide 23.Slided by arranging to collect Road 23, it lays respectively at the lower section of one jiao of outlet the 221st, five jiaos of outlets 222 and the second track 22 end, collects a mao respectively The coin of coin, five mao coin and unitary.Arrange one without the lower section of each classification opening in each classification track and connect dish (not shown), and a collection slide 23 only need to be set below the same class coin classification opening of each classification track.Simplification sets Standby overall structure, is also convenient for operator and collects coin.
Described connecing the column structure that dish (not shown) is hollow, the described dish (not shown) that connects is according to collecting the size of coin not Be arranged to diameter different connect dish (not shown).It dish (not shown) will be connect will be set to the column structure of hollow, after so collecting Coin be that being stacked on of column connects in dish (not shown), facilitate the arrangement further of coin and check.Described input port 24 One sidewall is provided with blower fan 30, and another sidewall of described input port 24 is provided with breach 241, and described blower fan 30 is by wind direction breach Blow at 241.Blower fan 30 is for blowing away paper money that may be present at breach 241.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all essences in the present invention Within god and principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvement etc. done, should be included within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a coin classifier, it is characterised in that: including frame, grader and connecing dish, described grader tilts to be located at frame On, difference coin is carried out classifying and being divided in connecing in dish under effect of vibration by described grader, and described grader includes successively The input port connecting and classification track, include multiple classification track, and the plurality of classification track is connected with input port side by side, institute State classification track to be provided with in bending connection the first track and the second track, between described second track and the first track, there is angle α, coin is close to lower wall when entering the second track and moves, and described second track offers classification outlet, and coin is from classification Export entrance of dropping and connect dish.
2. coin classifier according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the porch of described first track is provided with lattice gear Plate, leaves the access space that coin enters between described lattice baffle plate and the first track, described access space is 2mm-4mm.
3. coin classifier according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: offer on each second track described multiple greatly Little different classification outlet, described classification outlet is divided into one jiao of outlet and five jiaos of outlets according to size difference, and coin is along the Two tracks move and drop be isolated from one jiao of outlet, five jiaos of outlets and the second track end successively.
4. coin classifier according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described one jiao of outlet and five jiaos of outlets are rectangle The opening of structure.
5. coin classifier according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described one jiao of outlet back gauge lower wall farther out For 19.2mm-20mm, the width of described one jiao of outlet is 11mm-15mm, and described five jiaos of outlet back gauge lower wall farther out are 21mm-23mm, the width of described five jiaos of outlets is 12mm-18mm.
6. coin classifier according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: it is sliding that described classification outlet is respectively arranged below with collection Road, described collection slide relative level is obliquely installed, and described collection slide lays respectively at one jiao of outlet, five jiaos of outlets and second The lower section of track end, is respectively equipped with under each collection slide and connects dish, and the described dish that connects is positioned at the shorter one end of collection slide height, Coin drops at collection slide from classification outlet, then moves to connecing dish from collection slide.
7. coin classifier according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: described connect the column structure that dish is hollow, described Connect packing according to collect coin size difference be arranged to diameter different connect dish.
8. coin classifier according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: a sidewall of described input port is provided with blower fan, Another sidewall of described input port is provided with breach, and wind direction indentation, there is blowed by described blower fan.
9. coin classifier according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described grader tilts to be located in frame, is divided The angle of inclination beta of class device relative level is 25 °-45 °.
10. coin classifier according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the scope of described angle α is 110 °-150 °.
CN201610395373.2A 2016-06-06 2016-06-06 A kind of coin classifier Pending CN106097539A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107146319A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-09-08 东北大学 A kind of slide rail type coin separating device
CN108961528A (en) * 2017-05-27 2018-12-07 山东新北洋信息技术股份有限公司 Coin separating device and separation method
CN111229641A (en) * 2020-01-20 2020-06-05 连云港韬惠实业有限公司 Full-automatic fish screening system and screening method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1632344A (en) * 1926-03-09 1927-06-14 Frank E Modlin Jr Wrapping machine
CN2215127Y (en) * 1994-12-07 1995-12-13 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 Coin-sorting machine in the character of size
JPH08257204A (en) * 1995-03-28 1996-10-08 Kyowa Giken Kk Medal sorting structure of game machine
CN2751364Y (en) * 2004-11-19 2006-01-11 周锦增 Coin sorting device
CN104732642A (en) * 2013-12-20 2015-06-24 刘艳红 Coin sorter

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1632344A (en) * 1926-03-09 1927-06-14 Frank E Modlin Jr Wrapping machine
CN2215127Y (en) * 1994-12-07 1995-12-13 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 Coin-sorting machine in the character of size
JPH08257204A (en) * 1995-03-28 1996-10-08 Kyowa Giken Kk Medal sorting structure of game machine
CN2751364Y (en) * 2004-11-19 2006-01-11 周锦增 Coin sorting device
CN104732642A (en) * 2013-12-20 2015-06-24 刘艳红 Coin sorter

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107146319A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-09-08 东北大学 A kind of slide rail type coin separating device
CN107146319B (en) * 2017-05-11 2019-04-16 东北大学 A kind of slide rail type coin separating device
CN108961528A (en) * 2017-05-27 2018-12-07 山东新北洋信息技术股份有限公司 Coin separating device and separation method
CN108961528B (en) * 2017-05-27 2021-04-13 山东新北洋信息技术股份有限公司 Coin separating device and separating method
CN111229641A (en) * 2020-01-20 2020-06-05 连云港韬惠实业有限公司 Full-automatic fish screening system and screening method

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Application publication date: 20161109

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