CN106050268A - Steel mould trolley for concrete lining of rounded rectangle cross section tunnel - Google Patents

Steel mould trolley for concrete lining of rounded rectangle cross section tunnel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106050268A
CN106050268A CN201610641616.6A CN201610641616A CN106050268A CN 106050268 A CN106050268 A CN 106050268A CN 201610641616 A CN201610641616 A CN 201610641616A CN 106050268 A CN106050268 A CN 106050268A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
side form
door frame
rectangle cross
top mold
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Granted
Application number
CN201610641616.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106050268B (en
Inventor
张涛
黎新春
胡鹏
严定学
陈婷
张莉杰
房虹汝
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China Gezhouba Group No 5 Engineering Co Ltd
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China Gezhouba Group No 5 Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610641616.6A priority Critical patent/CN106050268B/en
Publication of CN106050268A publication Critical patent/CN106050268A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106050268B publication Critical patent/CN106050268B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/04Lining with building materials
    • E21D11/10Lining with building materials with concrete cast in situ; Shuttering also lost shutterings, e.g. made of blocks, of metal plates or other equipment adapted therefor
    • E21D11/102Removable shuttering; Bearing or supporting devices therefor

Abstract

The invention provides a steel mould trolley for concrete lining of a rounded rectangle cross section tunnel. The steel mould trolley comprises a gantry, the top of the gantry is connected with a top framework frame through a plurality of top framework hydraulic cylinders, the two sides of the gantry are connected with side framework upper framework frames through a plurality of side framework hydraulic cylinders; the tops of the side framework upper framework frames are provided with arc segments, the inner sides of the arc segments are provided with upper framework frame supporting rods, the top of the side face of the gantry is provided with side framework frame supporting lug plates, and the upper framework frame supporting rods are hinged to the side framework frame supporting lug plates. The side framework frame supporting lug plates are provided with long sliding grooves, the upper formwork frame supporting rods are provided with upper framework frame hinge pins, and the upper framework frame hinge pins rotate in the long sliding grooves and can slide in the long sliding grooves. By the adoption of the structure, investment of manpower and materials can be reduced, and the concrete lining construction period of the rectangle cross section tunnel can be shortened, and good concrete forming quality is achieved. Operation is simpler and more convenient, and different formwork assemblies cannot interfere with one another.

Description

Round rectangle cross section tunnel concrete liner telescoping steel form
Technical field
The present invention relates to tunnel concrete liner construction field, particularly a kind of round rectangle cross section tunnel concrete liner Use telescoping steel form.
Background technology
Along with high speed development and the application of new driving technology of urban construction, for making full use of the underground space, due to duty The most relatively low, square-section tunnel is paid attention to by people again.And in square-section tunnel concrete liner is constructed, existing work Journey uses mostly to be set up full framing or uses the mode of simple chassis to carry out construction of concrete lining, and the shortcoming of these schemes is Square-section tunnel concrete liner needs to put into substantial amounts of artificial and material, and also results in construction quality and the duration is difficult to full Foot requirement.
Chinese patent literature CN 203756189 U, discloses a kind of tunnel segmental arc telescoping steel form cast pipe union template demoulding and takes out Die device, it includes telescoping steel form, and the outer arc side of telescoping steel form is provided with cast pipe union template, the outboard template of described cast pipe union template Size is big, inner side template size is little;Being provided with pumping mode between the cast pipe union template of two telescoping steel forms, pumping mode is rectangle template, with Use bearing pin to connect between the crown template of telescoping steel form, hydraulic regulation strut be set between pumping mode and the door frame of telescoping steel form, It is provided with jack between hydraulic regulation strut and door frame, is wherein bolted between cast pipe union template and pumping mode.This practicality is new The pumping mode of type is connected with the cast pipe union template of the door frame of telescoping steel form, crown template and both sides, forms telescoping steel form outer arc mould Plate integrated support structure;Can quickly realize the telescoping steel form outer arc template demoulding, solve outer arc cast pipe union template build with de- The contradiction in mould direction.But this structure needs to arrange pumping mode structure, to adapt to the radian change during stripping operation, operating In journey, pumping mode structure uses the scheme of parallelogramming deflection, coordinates jack 6 to strain and loosen and realizes formwork erection and the demoulding, should The operation of structure is complex.During formwork erection, the stress of jack 6 is relatively big, for, in large-scale inrush during tunneling, existing and be subject to The insecure problem of power, especially during formwork erection, can cause interference to the template of lower section.
Chinese patent literature CN 103603678 A discloses a kind of desert secret tunnel one-time-concreting formula telescoping steel form and pours Method, he includes exterior sheathing and support thereof, interior template and support thereof, and the lower end of outer walker and interior walker is respectively provided with outer rail Road wheel and outside track;Outboard template, outer top template and inner side template, interior top template surround " mouth " font and pour passage;Institute State and be fixed with vibrator on external mold truss and interior die shoe plate;Respectively at outboard template.It is provided with on outer top template and interior end template Charging aperture.But this structure is orthogonal rectangle, easily there is the problem that stress is concentrated in the xoncrete structure built.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of round rectangle cross section tunnel concrete liner punching block platform Car, it is possible to reduce the artificial and material put into, shorten the square-section tunnel concrete liner duration, it is ensured that square-section tunnel mixes There is not faulting of slab ends, spillage defect in the lining cutting of solidifying soil, has preferable concrete formation quality, and can relatively easily take off Mould.In preferred scheme, the force structure of this structure is reasonable, other templates will not be caused interference.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of round rectangle cross section tunnel coagulation Soil lining cutting telescoping steel form, including door frame, door frame top is connected with backform frame by multiple backform hydraulic cylinders, and the both sides of door frame lead to Cross multiple side form hydraulic cylinder to be connected with side form top mold frame;
The top of described side form top mold frame is provided with segmental arc, is provided with top mold frame pole inside segmental arc, in the side of door frame Top is provided with side form frame and supports otic placode, and it is hinged that top mold frame pole and side form frame support otic placode.
Preferably in scheme, the string from door frame top left side to right side is at least provided with two backform hydraulic cylinders.
Preferably in scheme, the side of door frame string from top to bottom is at least provided with two side form hydraulic cylinders.
Preferably in scheme, top mold frame pole supports the center of circle of otic placode hinged place bearing pin and the center of circle of segmental arc with side form frame Overlap.
Preferably in scheme, described side form frame supports otic placode and is in tilted layout, and side form frame supports the folder of otic placode and horizontal plane Angle is 30 ~ 60 °.
Preferably in scheme, supporting at side form frame and be provided with long chute on otic placode, top mold frame pole is provided with top mold frame hinge pin, Top mold frame hinge pin rotates in long chute and can be along long slide.
Preferably in scheme, also hinged with the top of side form lower mold holder bottom described side form top mold frame, side form lower mold holder Inner side be connected with door frame by hydraulic cylinder under side form.
Preferably in scheme, it is provided with the arc hook that side is open at the top of side form lower mold holder, at the bottom of side form top mold frame Portion is provided with lower mold holder hinge pin, and arc hangs on lower mold holder hinge pin;
Under side form, hydraulic cylinder is in tilted layout.
Preferably in scheme, described door frame is the framework row of multiple door frame column and door frame crossbeam composition, each framework Formed frame structure by door frame grade beam and door frame longeron between row, in frame structure, be provided with diagonal brace;
Running gear it is provided with bottom door frame.
Preferably in scheme, the outer surface of backform frame, side form top mold frame and side form lower mold holder is installed with spelling template.
A kind of round rectangle cross section tunnel concrete liner telescoping steel form that the present invention provides, by using above knot Structure, compared with full framing of the prior art, it is possible to reduces the artificial and material put into, shortens square-section tunnel concrete The lining cutting duration.Compared with simple chassis, it is possible to shorten the square-section tunnel concrete liner duration, it is ensured that square-section tunnel mixes There is not faulting of slab ends, spillage defect in the lining cutting of solidifying soil, has preferable concrete formation quality.With Chinese patent literature CN The scheme that 203756189 U record is compared, and operates the easiest, will not interfere with each other between different template assemblies.With China The scheme that patent documentation CN 103603678 A records is compared, and the concrete construction that lining cutting is formed has more preferably stress knot Structure, and avoid the stress concentration at position, corner.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The invention will be further described with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is close-up schematic view at A in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is close-up schematic view at B in Fig. 1.
In figure: door frame grade beam 1, door frame column 2, door frame longeron 3, door frame crossbeam 4, side form hydraulic cylinder 5, side form lower mold holder 6, Arc hook 61, side form frame supports otic placode 7, long chute 71, side form top mold frame 8, segmental arc 81, top mold frame pole 82, top mold frame Hinge pin 83, lower mold holder hinge pin 84, backform hydraulic cylinder 9, backform frame 10, diagonal brace 11, running gear 12, spelling template 13, under side form Hydraulic cylinder 14.
Detailed description of the invention
Such as Fig. 1, in 2, a kind of round rectangle cross section tunnel concrete liner telescoping steel form, including door frame, the most just In case, described door frame is the framework row of multiple door frame column 2 and door frame crossbeam 4 composition, by door frame ground between each framework row Beam 1 and door frame longeron 3 form frame structure, are provided with diagonal brace 11 to strengthen structure, as shown in Figure 2 in frame structure.
Being provided with running gear 12 bottom door frame, preferably described running gear 12 includes that wheel seat, wheel are arranged on wheel seat. Preferably it is additionally provided with the drive mechanism driving wheel turns, not shown in figure.Thus structure, it is simple to mobile trolley used to working position Put.
In Fig. 1, door frame top is connected with backform frame 10 by multiple backform hydraulic cylinders 9, in this example, and backform hydraulic cylinder 9 Two ends be fixed connection structure, such as bolt fixed connection structure, it is to avoid backform hydraulic cylinder 9 waves in lifting process. The both sides of door frame are connected with side form top mold frame 8 by multiple side form hydraulic cylinders 5, and the two ends of side form hydraulic cylinder 5 are the knot that is articulated and connected Structure, thus structure, side form top mold frame 8 can have certain swing activity space, in order to formwork erection and stripping operation.At backform frame 10 positions contacted with side form top mold frame 8, the edge of backform frame 10 and side form top mold frame 8 is wedge shape, with backform frame 10 He The position of side form top mold frame 8 contact forms the space of a wedge shape, thus structure, it is possible to reduce backform frame 10 and side form top mold frame Interference in the middle of 8, especially during formwork erection, it is possible to guide rail each other, so that it is guaranteed that positioning precision, minimizing faulting of slab ends, spillage lack Fall into.
In Fig. 3, the top of described side form top mold frame 8 is provided with segmental arc 81, is provided with top mold frame inside segmental arc 81 Pole 82, the side top at door frame is provided with side form frame and supports otic placode 7, and it is hinged that top mold frame pole 82 and side form frame support otic placode 7. The segmental arc 81 arranged can form fillet at the concrete rotation angle position of lining cutting, thus improves the intensity of xoncrete structure.
Preferably in scheme such as Fig. 1, the string from door frame top left side to right side is at least provided with two backform hydraulic cylinders 9. This example is set to three, thus structure, it is ensured that the stress balance in backform frame 10 lifting process.
Preferably in scheme such as Fig. 1, the side of door frame string from top to bottom is at least provided with two side form hydraulic cylinders 5.By This structure, supports, with side form frame, the respective outer side edges that otic placode 7 is hinged with top mold frame pole 82, it is possible to control side form top mold frame 8 attitude, Side form top mold frame 8 convenient to operate and spelling template 13 thereon carry out the demoulding after concreting.
Preferably in scheme such as Fig. 1, top mold frame pole 82 and side form frame support the center of circle and the arc of otic placode 7 hinged place bearing pin The center of circle of section 81 overlaps.Thus structure, when side form hydraulic cylinder 5 operate side form top mold frame 8 rotate with the center of circle of bearing pin for the center of circle time, Both it is easy to the demoulding, also will not damage the surface of concrete.
Preferably in scheme such as Fig. 1, described side form frame supports otic placode 7 and is in tilted layout, and side form frame supports otic placode 7 and level The angle in face is 30 ~ 60 °.Thus structure, in order to operation side form top mold frame 8 formwork erection and the demoulding.
Preferably in scheme such as Fig. 1, supporting at side form frame and be provided with long chute 71 on otic placode 7, top mold frame pole 82 is provided with Top mold frame hinge pin 83, top mold frame hinge pin 83 rotates in long chute 71 and can slide along long chute 71.Thus structure, carries further High formwork erection and the convenience of the demoulding, force structure is good simultaneously, and long chute 71 can be used as slide rail, thus improves the essence of formwork erection Degree, it is to avoid faulting of slab ends defect occurs.
Preferably scheme such as Fig. 1, in 2,4, also hinged with the top of side form lower mold holder 6 bottom described side form top mold frame 8, The inner side of side form lower mold holder 6 is connected with door frame by hydraulic cylinder 14 under side form.Improvement in this example also reside in side form lower mold holder 6 with For similar overall structure between side form top mold frame 8, thus during formwork erection, the combination precision between template is high.Under side form Can relatively rotate between mould bases 6 and side form top mold frame 8, also allow for the demoulding.
Preferably scheme such as Fig. 1, in 2,4, be provided with the open arc in side at the top of side form lower mold holder 6 and link up with 61, Being provided with lower mold holder hinge pin 84 bottom side form top mold frame 8, arc hook 61 hangs on lower mold holder hinge pin 84;Under side form, hydraulic cylinder 14 inclines Tiltedly arrange.Thus structure, it is simple to the mounting or dismounting of side form lower mold holder 6, thus reduce difficulty of construction.Side form lower mold holder 6 upper end is designed as Arc is linked up with when 61 structures ensure that the side form lower bolster demoulding and is not interfered with pouring concrete, and as in documents 1 The structure of prior art, when the demoulding, the rotation of template can leave groove at concrete surface.Hydraulic pressure under the side form being in tilted layout Cylinder 14, it is possible to drive side form lower mold holder 6 to rotate bigger angle, matches with the structure of arc hook 61, consequently facilitating side form The handling of lower mold holder 6.
Preferably in scheme, the outer surface of backform frame 10, side form top mold frame 8 and side form lower mold holder 6 is installed with spelling template 13.This example uses and is welded to connect.
The using method of the present invention includes formwork erection and two processes of the demoulding, specifically comprises the following steps that formwork erection process is for by chassis Sub-module installs retrodisplacement to concrete lining position, first starts the backform liquid being connected between backform frame 10 and door frame crossbeam 4 Cylinder pressure 9, by backform frame 10 jacking to operating position, hydraulic part is prior art, and here is omitted.Then side form liquid is utilized The upwards sliding in side form frame supports the long chute 71 of otic placode 7 of 5 side form top mold frame 8 of cylinder pressure, more successively start both sides side form Hydraulic cylinder 14 under the side form hydraulic cylinder 5 of side form top mold frame 8 and the side form of side form lower mold holder 6, by side form top mold frame 8 and the side of side form Mould lower mold holder 6 successively jacking is to operating position.Diagonal brace 11 between fixed lateral door frame column is installed again, make chassis door frame, The load during construction of concrete lining can be born by template, each mechanism, finally carries out concreting work.Knockout course Contrary with formwork erection process, operate according to the operating process contrary with formwork erection process, first under operation side form, hydraulic cylinder 14 is retracted, Side form lower mold holder 6 is made to depart from concrete.Then operation side form hydraulic cylinder 5 is retracted, and makes side form top mold frame 8 depart from concrete, Again during this, be positioned at lower section side form hydraulic cylinder 5 first retract, side form hydraulic cylinder 5 above is retracted the most after a while, when with After concrete departs from, above and below side form hydraulic cylinder 5 keep synchronizing to retract, until departing from and the contacting of backform frame 10, keep away Exempt from the demoulding of backform frame 10 is caused interference.Making backform hydraulic cylinder 9 retract, backform frame 10 departs from concrete, completes whole de- Mold process.
The above embodiments are only the preferred technical solution of the present invention, and are not construed as the restriction for the present invention, this The technical scheme that bright protection domain should be recorded with claim, including technical characteristic in the technical scheme that claim is recorded Equivalents is protection domain.Equivalent the most in this range is improved, also within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a round rectangle cross section tunnel concrete liner telescoping steel form, including door frame, is characterized in that: door frame top is passed through Multiple backform hydraulic cylinders (9) are connected with backform frame (10), and the both sides of door frame are by multiple side form hydraulic cylinders (5) and side form top mold frame (8) connect;
The top of described side form top mold frame (8) is provided with segmental arc (81), is provided with top mold frame pole in segmental arc (81) inner side (82), the side top at door frame is provided with side form frame and supports otic placode (7), and top mold frame pole (82) supports otic placode (7) with side form frame Hinged.
Round rectangle cross section the most according to claim 1 tunnel concrete liner telescoping steel form, is characterized in that: from door frame Top left side to the string on right side at least provided with two backform hydraulic cylinders (9).
Round rectangle cross section the most according to claim 1 tunnel concrete liner telescoping steel form, is characterized in that: door frame Side string from top to bottom is at least provided with two side form hydraulic cylinders (5).
Round rectangle cross section the most according to claim 1 tunnel concrete liner telescoping steel form, is characterized in that: top mold frame The center of circle that pole (82) supports otic placode (7) hinged place bearing pin with side form frame overlaps with the center of circle of segmental arc (81).
Round rectangle cross section the most according to claim 1 tunnel concrete liner telescoping steel form, is characterized in that: described Side form frame supports otic placode (7) and is in tilted layout, and it is 30 ~ 60 ° that side form frame supports the angle of otic placode (7) and horizontal plane.
6., according to the round rectangle cross section tunnel concrete liner telescoping steel form described in claim 1 or 4, it is characterized in that: Side form frame supports otic placode (7) and is provided with long chute (71), and top mold frame pole (82) is provided with top mold frame hinge pin (83), and top mold frame is cut with scissors Pin (83) rotates in long chute (71) and can slide along long chute (71).
Round rectangle cross section the most according to claim 1 tunnel concrete liner telescoping steel form, is characterized in that: described Side form top mold frame (8) bottom is also hinged with the top of side form lower mold holder (6), and the inner side of side form lower mold holder (6) is by liquid under side form Cylinder pressure (14) is connected with door frame.
Round rectangle cross section the most according to claim 7 tunnel concrete liner telescoping steel form, is characterized in that: at side form The top of lower mold holder (6) is provided with arc hook (61) that side is open, is provided with lower mold holder hinge pin in side form top mold frame (8) bottom (84), arc hook (61) hangs on lower mold holder hinge pin (84);
Under side form, hydraulic cylinder (14) is in tilted layout.
Round rectangle cross section the most according to claim 1 tunnel concrete liner telescoping steel form, is characterized in that: described The framework row that door frame is multiple door frame column (2) and door frame crossbeam (4) forms, between each framework row by door frame grade beam (1) and Door frame longeron (3) composition frame structure, is provided with diagonal brace (11) in frame structure;
Running gear (12) it is provided with bottom door frame.
Round rectangle cross section the most according to claim 7 tunnel concrete liner telescoping steel form, is characterized in that: backform The outer surface of frame (10), side form top mold frame (8) and side form lower mold holder (6) is installed with spelling template (13).
CN201610641616.6A 2016-08-08 2016-08-08 Round rectangle section tunnel concrete liner telescoping steel form Active CN106050268B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106640131A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-05-10 中国人民解放军63926部队 Modularized variable cross-section tunnel lining trolley
CN108149708A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-06-12 浙江兴土桥梁专用装备制造有限公司 Piping lane construction formwork system and application method
CN110513125A (en) * 2019-09-24 2019-11-29 中铁八局集团第四工程有限公司 Inside and outside mould trolley shoring system for open cut closed conduit
CN113818905A (en) * 2021-11-03 2021-12-21 湖南百舸水利建设股份有限公司 Tunnel lining template trolley

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JPS5659966A (en) * 1979-10-23 1981-05-23 Okabe Kk Mobile form apparatus for building
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CN104500102A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-04-08 山东铁鹰建设工程有限公司 Retractable tunnel lining trolley and rapid movement method thereof
CN204877501U (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-16 北京康港工程技术有限公司 Tunnel lining platform truck
CN205955750U (en) * 2016-08-08 2017-02-15 中国葛洲坝集团第五工程有限公司 Rounded rectangle cross -section tunnel steel mould trolley for concrete lining

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JPS5659966A (en) * 1979-10-23 1981-05-23 Okabe Kk Mobile form apparatus for building
JP2002242595A (en) * 2001-02-22 2002-08-28 Nishimatsu Constr Co Ltd Operating apparatus for use in tunnel, and method for mounting members to be mounted
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106640131A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-05-10 中国人民解放军63926部队 Modularized variable cross-section tunnel lining trolley
CN106640131B (en) * 2016-11-24 2019-01-18 中国人民解放军63926部队 A kind of modular variable cross-section tunnel lining trolley
CN108149708A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-06-12 浙江兴土桥梁专用装备制造有限公司 Piping lane construction formwork system and application method
CN110513125A (en) * 2019-09-24 2019-11-29 中铁八局集团第四工程有限公司 Inside and outside mould trolley shoring system for open cut closed conduit
CN110513125B (en) * 2019-09-24 2023-11-03 中铁八局集团建筑工程有限公司 Inner and outer mould trolley lining system for open cut underdrain
CN113818905A (en) * 2021-11-03 2021-12-21 湖南百舸水利建设股份有限公司 Tunnel lining template trolley
CN113818905B (en) * 2021-11-03 2024-01-23 湖南百舸水利建设股份有限公司 Tunnel lining template trolley

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