CN106040605B - A kind of preceding detection process system of steel pipe manufacture - Google Patents

A kind of preceding detection process system of steel pipe manufacture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106040605B
CN106040605B CN201610358458.3A CN201610358458A CN106040605B CN 106040605 B CN106040605 B CN 106040605B CN 201610358458 A CN201610358458 A CN 201610358458A CN 106040605 B CN106040605 B CN 106040605B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
steel pipe
detection
channel
thickness
steel
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CN201610358458.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106040605A (en
Inventor
吴建军
赵伟
肖都跃
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重庆钢铁(集团)有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201610358458.3A priority Critical patent/CN106040605B/en
Publication of CN106040605A publication Critical patent/CN106040605A/en
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Publication of CN106040605B publication Critical patent/CN106040605B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/04Sorting according to size
    • B07C5/12Sorting according to size characterised by the application to particular articles, not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/02Measures preceding sorting, e.g. arranging articles in a stream orientating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/34Sorting according to other particular properties
    • B07C5/342Sorting according to other particular properties according to optical properties, e.g. colour
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/361Processing or control devices therefor, e.g. escort memory
    • B07C5/362Separating or distributor mechanisms

Abstract

Detection process system before dispatching from the factory the invention discloses a kind of steel pipe, including steel pipe automatic detecting machine, steel pipe automatic detecting machine includes mounting bracket, it is characterized in that, feed unit is sequentially set on mounting bracket, thickness of steel pipe detection device and discharging unit, the thickness of steel pipe detection device includes steel pipe detent mechanism and thickness of steel pipe testing agency, steel pipe detent mechanism can form the steel pipe support station for positioning support steel pipe, the thickness of steel pipe testing agency includes a sonigauge, there are one the wall thickness detection probes for realizing thickness of steel pipe detection for sonigauge tool.The present invention can realize the automatic detection to thickness of steel pipe and ingredient, greatly improve detection working efficiency and reliability.

Description

A kind of preceding detection process system of steel pipe manufacture
Technical field
The present invention relates to Tube heating furnace technical field, specifically a kind of steel pipe that can realize steel pipe ingredient and wall thickness detection Detection process system before manufacture.
Background technology
The manufacturing process of accurate stainless steel tube is complicated, is widely used in the industries such as space flight and aviation.After general steel pipe manufacture Two ends of usually steel pipe base, the steel pipe base are usually all relatively rough, to make the length of steel pipe base, end smoothness, thick Rugosity etc. reaches the demand used, needs further to carry out a series of croppings to steel pipe base, back-end crop or is cut by required length Cut processing.So that steel pipe reaches accurate length requirement and end reaches smooth, smooth to meet quality requirement.But the prior art Middle steel tube head cutting mostly uses the modes such as electric saw and cuts, and notch easy tos produce burr, reduces tube quality.
Meanwhile in order to improve steel pipe outgoing ensure, also usually need to steel pipe take out batch carry out quality inspection, detect its at Divide and whether thickness disclosure satisfy that whether requirement, quality are qualified.In the prior art, when carrying out quality inspection to steel pipe, people is usually depended on Work carries out steel pipe to be detected the measurement of wall thickness one by one using slide calliper rule, while manually realizing steel pipe one by one using spectrum detection instrument Composition detection judges whether qualification.Therefore it is existing relatively low based on artificial Tube heating furnace method the degree of automation, steel pipe is sent Entering, submitting is all by being accomplished manually, and method labor intensity this in this way is high, be easy to cause worker's fatigue, and detection efficiency is low, and And manpower is consumed in pole.The height of the qualification of operating personnel and careful degree directly affects the working efficiency of detection work, and inspection The smoothness of flow gauge causes testing result error big.
Invention content
In view of the above shortcomings of the prior art, the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to:How to provide one kind can be real Existing steel pipe detects automatically, improves detection process system before the steel pipe manufacture of detection working efficiency and reliability.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, present invention employs the following technical solutions:
A kind of preceding detection process system of steel pipe manufacture, including steel pipe automatic detecting machine, steel pipe automatic detecting machine include installation Frame, which is characterized in that feed unit, thickness of steel pipe detection device and discharging unit, the steel pipe are sequentially set on mounting bracket Wall Thickness Testing Device includes steel pipe detent mechanism and thickness of steel pipe testing agency, and steel pipe detent mechanism can be formed to be held for positioning It includes a sonigauge, sonigauge tool to hold in the palm the steel pipe support station of steel pipe, the thickness of steel pipe testing agency There are one the wall thickness detection probes for realizing thickness of steel pipe detection.
In this way, realizing steel pipe charging using feed unit, steel pipe drops into steel pipe support station after charging, leans on ultrasonic wave Calibrator realizes that thickness of steel pipe detection judges, thereby realizes thickness of steel pipe and detects automatically, solving manual operation leads to labor The low problem of power, while thickness of steel pipe detection is realized using sonigauge, have many advantages, such as that detection is quick reliable.
As an optimization, steel tube surface setting of the wall thickness detection probe after radially face is positioned, thickness of steel pipe detection machine Structure further includes a wall thickness detection driver, and wall thickness detection driver is connected with wall thickness detection probe and wall thickness can be driven to detect Probe is moved forward and backward realizes detection to touch by positioning steel tube surface.
In this way, wall thickness detection driver drives wall thickness detection probe can be leaned on to move forward when detection realizes detection, detection After can drive wall thickness detection probe retract to avoid collision, ensure detection result.Preferably, also being set in steel pipe detent mechanism It is equipped with Tube heating furnace sensor, the Tube heating furnace sensor, which is connected by control system with wall thickness detection driver, realizes linkage Control restarts wall thickness detection driver drives wall after Tube heating furnace sensor detects that steel pipe falls into steel pipe support station Thick detection probe, which moves forward, realizes detection, preferably improves detection the degree of automation.In addition, wall thickness detects driver when implementing Cylinder may be used to realize to the drive control of wall thickness detection probe, have simple in structure, control is reliable, and reaction is quick sensitive etc. Advantage.
As an optimization, the steel pipe detent mechanism includes one block of stationary positioned plate being fixed on mounting bracket and one piece of activity Positioning plate, stationary positioned plate and movable positioning plate are oppositely arranged in herringbone, and movable positioning plate deviates from the one of stationary positioned plate Side is connected with the positioning sheet drive that one is fixed on mounting bracket, and positioning sheet drive can drive movable positioning plate to determine toward fixed The direction of position plate is stretched out and makes to constitute steel pipe support work between movable positioning plate and stationary positioned plate when extending out to extreme position Position, steel pipe support station lower section is blanking channel.
In this way, be in stretching state by positioning plate driver control movable positioning plate when steel pipe is fed, steel pipe is from charging It is dropped into after unit feed and realizes positioning in the steel pipe support station of two pieces of positioning plates composition, after then realizing wall thickness detection, then It retracts by positioning plate driver control movable positioning plate, steel pipe falls to by dead weight and realizes blanking in blanking channel, has structure Simply, reliable feature is positioned, ensure that the smoothness of detection operation streamlined.
As an optimization, the feed unit includes the feed belt of horizontal annular setting, feed belt inner ring both ends It is tensioned by two belt tension rollers, one of belt tension roller and steel pipe charging motor are sequentially connected, and feed unit further includes One spectral content detection device, there are one spectral detections to pop one's head in for spectral content detection device tool, and spectral detection probe is downward just Feed belt is arranged and is used to realize that detection, feed belt discharge end are connected in steel pipe detent mechanism to the steel pipe by belt Top.
In this way, facilitating the order for improving and feeding, the spectral content detection device being arranged in feed unit by feed belt Steel pipe ingredient can also be detected, with analyze and determine steel pipe ingredient whether with it is required consistent, preferably judge whether tube quality reaches Mark or whether same batch steel pipe.
As an optimization, the spectral detection driving being fixed on there are one being also set up above spectral content detection device on mounting bracket Device, spectral detection driver are connected with spectral content detection device and are used to drive spectral content detection device to move up and down.
In this way, inspection can be realized to lean on spectral detection driver drives spectral content detection device to stretch out when steel pipe composition detection It surveys, retracts after detection, be better achieved the detection to steel pipe ingredient, before ensureing detection result and will not interfere with the sequence of steel pipe Row.
As an optimization, also horizontal above the feed belt to be provided with one piece of top plate in the same direction, top plate lower surface is to feeding skin More than one diameter of steel tube of surface distance is taken to be less than two diameter of steel tube and make shape between top plate and feed belt upper surface At for single steel pipe by channel, feed belt feed end be provided with for charging funnel and the channel connect realize steel pipe Charging.
It is deposited into funnel in this way, steel pipe can be directly placed in, lower realize one by one is driven by steel pipe dead weight and feed belt Sequential feeding greatly improves charging the degree of automation and order degree.
As an optimization, feed belt discharge end is additionally provided with charging baffle, charging baffle it is vertically arranged and with a fixation It is connected in the charging flapper actuator of mounting bracket, charging flapper actuator can drive charging baffle to stretch out and block feed belt Unloading position, the spectral detection probe face are set in front of charging baffle by above gear steel pipe position.
In this way, first stopping feed belt operating before spectral detection probe is detected, then again by feeding barrier driving Device can drive charging baffle to stretch out and block feed belt unloading position, and steel pipe is avoided to be moved on due to inertia, keep Steel pipe realizes spectral detection under static state, improves detection reliability.
As an optimization, the position being located in the feed belt inner ring between two belt tension rollers is also horizontally spaced about There are several intermediate transfer rollers, intermediate transfer roller is along feed belt width direction mounting arrangements, intermediate transfer roller upper surface and feed belt Upper lower surface contacts load.The steel pipe gravity that feed belt upper surface can preferably be born in this way, avoid feed belt by Power is excessive and deformed damaged.Wherein preferably selection is, the intermediate transfer roller uniform intervals arrangement and adjacent intermediate transfer roller distance It is consistent with outer diameter of steel pipes.So that, steel pipe enters feed belt and when front end steel pipe is blocked by charging baffle, each steel pipe in this way Just the position between transfer roller among two adjacent chargings is dropped into;Steel pipe front and rear sides each in this way are turned by two centres just Roller supports the feed belt between making two adjacent intermediate transfer rollers to be pressurized and generates slight deformation, and then certain to steel pipe generation Limit effect is contacted, thrust caused by can alleviating the pressure accumulated transmission of the steel pipe accumulated in funnel improves entire fill process Stationarity.
As an optimization, discharging unit includes a blanking channel being located at below steel pipe detent mechanism, blanking channel side wall Upper lateral separation is provided with and communicated with the first tapping channel and the second tapping channel, between the first tapping channel and the second tapping channel It is provided with the discharging controller that control steel pipe enters the first tapping channel or the second tapping channel, the first tapping channel and second The outfeed belt for discharging is each provided in tapping channel.
In this way, steel pipe can be controlled never according to the testing result of sonigauge and/or spectral content detection device Same tapping channel discharging realizes that self-emptying control, discharging lean on outfeed belt control to realize, ensure that discharging order.
As an optimization, the connection of the first tapping channel is set to blanking channel middle part of sliding channel, the connection setting of the second tapping channel It in blanking channel bottom and is arranged in parallel in below the first tapping channel, the discharging controller includes a channel switching gear Plate, channel switching control baffle one end are set in blanking channel and are located at the first tapping channel front position, channel switching control The baffle other end processed extends blanking channel and is connected with the switching control driver that one is fixed on mounting bracket, switching control Driver can drive channel switching control baffle to extend and retract, and switching control baffle in channel can mask blanking after stretching out Beneath galleries lead to the cross section of the second tapping channel part and the steel pipe for guiding blanking channel to fall rolls into the first tapping channel, The steel pipe that switching control baffle in channel can be such that blanking channel falls after retracting falls into bottom and enters the second tapping channel.
In this way, switching control driver drives channel switching control baffle can be leaned on to stretch out or retract, realize that control is different The material of testing result enters in different tapping channels, simple in structure, and control is reliable.As better choice, work as steel pipe Control switching control driver drives channel switching control baffle stretches out after detection is qualified, and guiding, which falls into steel pipe and rolls into first, to go out Expect to discharge in channel, switching control driver drives channel switching control baffle is controlled when Tube heating furnace is unqualified and is retracted, is fallen into Steel pipe directly falls to blanking channel bottom and discharges from the second tapping channel;Qualified steel pipe can be reduced in this way to fall distance and touch Intensity is hit, tube quality is protected.As advanced optimizing, there are one buffering slopes for letting out power for the setting of blanking channel bottom position And the steel pipe fallen into is guided to roll on the outfeed belt in the second tapping channel;It avoids discharging in the second tapping channel of steel pipe pair The impact of belt.Preferably selection is buffering ramped surfaces setting resilient material, and power is let out so that buffering is better achieved.As Another optimization, the channel switching control baffle generally front end is downward to be obliquely installed and after the stretching of channel switching control baffle Front end can be held in one piece of supporting block of the first tapping channel charging port lower surface, and such channel switching control baffle is stretched The steel pipe fallen into from blanking channel can be preferably guided to roll into the first tapping channel after going out, while steel pipe strikes channel The impact force of switching control baffle can be preferably transferred in supporting block, avoid cutting for channel switching control baffle and its rear It is excessive and damage to change the control driver power that is hit for a long time, prolongs the service life.Better choice is channel switching control baffle Upper surface is also equipped with elastic material, and power is let out preferably to buffer.
As an optimization, detection process system further includes steel tube head cutting machine, steel tube head cutting machine packet before steel pipe manufacture Including rack is mounted on feeding part structure, cut portion structure and discharging portion structure that in rack and sequence is connected successively, It is characterized in that, the cut portion structure includes the steel pipe positioning device positioned for realizing steel pipe to be cut and two steel The discharge end of pipe end cutter device, steel pipe positioning device side and feeding part structure is connected, the other side and discharging portion knot The feed end of structure is connected, and steel tube head cutter device includes the water cutting head cut for realizing steel tube head, water cutting head position In by the top at positioning steel tube both ends position to be cut and water outlet direction along being set by positioning steel tube by the radial face of positioning steel tube It sets, steel tube head cutter device further includes the high-pressure water jet generating system being connected with water cutting head;Steel tube head cutting machine Discharging portion structure and the linking of the feed unit of steel pipe automatic detecting machine.
In this way, steel tube head cutting machine can realize that steel tube head is cut with the mode of Water Cutting, due to being realized when cutting Cutting is the high-velocity flow projected by water cutting head, while cutting off steel tube head, due to the deformation point of flow itself Property is dissipated, the burr that cutting part generates can be washed away, therefore greatly improves cut quality, water cutting head is located at steel Above pipe and water outlet direction can facilitate the progress of cutting and conveniently along being arranged by positioning steel tube by the radial face of positioning steel tube Cut water recycling cycle.Also there is cutting efficiency using water jet cutting simultaneously, pollute low advantage, also reduce and cut indirectly It is cut into this.
In conclusion the present invention can realize the automatic detection to thickness of steel pipe and ingredient, detection work is greatly improved Make efficiency and reliability.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the steel pipe automatic detecting machine in the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the steel tube head cutting machine in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the side view of independent steel pipe positioning device part-structure in Fig. 2.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
When specific implementation:A kind of preceding detection process system of steel pipe manufacture, including steel pipe automatic detecting machine as shown in Figure 1, Steel pipe automatic detecting machine includes mounting bracket 31, and feed unit, thickness of steel pipe detection device are sequentially set on mounting bracket 31 and is gone out Material unit, the thickness of steel pipe detection device include steel pipe detent mechanism and thickness of steel pipe testing agency, steel pipe detent mechanism energy Enough steel pipe support stations formed for positioning support steel pipe, the thickness of steel pipe testing agency include a sonigauge 32, there are one the wall thickness detection probes 33 for realizing thickness of steel pipe detection for the tool of sonigauge 32.
In this way, realizing steel pipe charging using feed unit, steel pipe drops into steel pipe support station after charging, leans on ultrasonic wave Calibrator realizes that thickness of steel pipe detection judges, thereby realizes thickness of steel pipe and detects automatically, solving manual operation leads to labor The low problem of power, while thickness of steel pipe detection is realized using sonigauge, have many advantages, such as that detection is quick reliable.
Wherein, steel tube surface setting of the wall thickness detection probe 33 after radially face is positioned, thickness of steel pipe testing agency Further include a wall thickness detection driver 34, wall thickness detection driver 34 is connected with wall thickness detection probe 33 and can drive wall thickness Detection probe 33 is moved forward and backward realizes detection to touch by positioning steel tube surface.
In this way, wall thickness detection driver drives wall thickness detection probe can be leaned on to move forward when detection realizes detection, detection After can drive wall thickness detection probe retract to avoid collision, ensure detection result.When implementation as an optimization, steel pipe detent mechanism In be additionally provided with Tube heating furnace sensor, the Tube heating furnace sensor detects driver by control system and wall thickness and is connected reality Existing coordinated signals restart wall thickness detection driver after Tube heating furnace sensor detects that steel pipe falls into steel pipe support station It drives wall thickness detection probe to move forward and realizes detection, preferably improve detection the degree of automation.In addition, wall thickness detects when implementing Drive control of the cylinder realization to wall thickness detection probe may be used in driver(Cylinder reality may be used in each driver when implementation Existing drive control), there is the advantages that simple in structure, control is reliable, and reaction is quick sensitive.
Wherein, the steel pipe detent mechanism includes that one block of stationary positioned plate 35 being fixed on mounting bracket and one piece of activity are fixed Position plate 36, stationary positioned plate 35 and movable positioning plate 36 are oppositely arranged in herringbone, and movable positioning plate 36 deviates from stationary positioned The side of plate 35 and a positioning sheet drive 37 for being fixed on mounting bracket 31 connect, and positioning sheet drive 37 can drive activity Positioning plate 36 stretches out toward the direction of stationary positioned plate 35 and makes movable positioning plate and stationary positioned plate when extending out to extreme position Between constitute steel pipe support station, be blanking channel below steel pipe support station.
In this way, be in stretching state by positioning plate driver control movable positioning plate when steel pipe is fed, steel pipe is from charging It is dropped into after unit feed and realizes positioning in the steel pipe support station of two pieces of positioning plates composition, after then realizing wall thickness detection, then It retracts by positioning plate driver control movable positioning plate, steel pipe falls to by dead weight and realizes blanking in blanking channel, has structure Simply, reliable feature is positioned, ensure that the smoothness of detection operation streamlined.When implementation, steel pipe detent mechanism can also be set Set a pair of rotatably mounted carrying roller, including a fixation carrying roller for being set up in parallel and being fixed to each other with stationary positioned plate and one The movable carrying roller for being set up in parallel and being fixed to each other with movable positioning plate, fixed carrying roller and a roller motor are sequentially connected, when fixed When position sheet drive can drive movable positioning plate to be stretched out toward the direction of stationary positioned plate and extend out to extreme position, fixed carrying roller It can contact and be supported on jointly by positioning steel tube lower section with movable carrying roller, and drive by fixed carrying roller and rotated by positioning steel tube. Steel pipe rotary, detection steel pipe whole circumference direction wall thickness can be driven then preferably to compare when detecting thickness of steel pipe in this way It judges whether the non-uniform phenomenon of local wall thickness, whether qualified preferably detects thickness of steel pipe.
Wherein, the feed unit includes the feed belt 38 of horizontal annular setting, 38 inner ring both ends of feed belt It is tensioned by two belt tension rollers, one of belt tension roller and steel pipe charging motor are sequentially connected, and feed unit further includes One spectral content detection device 39, there are one spectral detection probe 40, spectral detection probes for the tool of spectral content detection device 39 40 downward face feed belts are arranged and are used to realize that detection, 38 discharge end of feed belt are connected in steel to the steel pipe by belt Above pipe detent mechanism.
In this way, facilitating the order for improving and feeding, the spectral content detection device being arranged in feed unit by feed belt Steel pipe ingredient can also be detected, with analyze and determine steel pipe ingredient whether with it is required consistent, preferably judge whether tube quality reaches Mark or whether same batch steel pipe.
Wherein, the spectral detection driver being fixed on there are one being also set up above spectral content detection device on mounting bracket 41, spectral detection driver 41 is connected with spectral content detection device 39 and for driving about 39 spectral content detection device to transport It is dynamic.
In this way, inspection can be realized to lean on spectral detection driver drives spectral content detection device to stretch out when steel pipe composition detection It surveys, retracts after detection, be better achieved the detection to steel pipe ingredient, before ensureing detection result and will not interfere with the sequence of steel pipe Row.
Wherein, 38 top of the feed belt is also horizontal is provided with one piece of top plate 53 in the same direction, and 53 lower surface of top plate is extremely fed Belt upper surface distance is more than a diameter of steel tube and is less than two diameter of steel tube and makes between top plate and feed belt upper surface Formed for single steel pipe by channel, 38 feed end of feed belt is provided with to connect reality for the funnel 42 of charging and the channel Existing steel pipe charging.
It is deposited into funnel in this way, steel pipe can be directly placed in, lower realize one by one is driven by steel pipe dead weight and feed belt Sequential feeding greatly improves charging the degree of automation and order degree.
Wherein, 38 discharge end of feed belt is additionally provided with charging baffle 43, and charging baffle 43 is vertically arranged and consolidates with one Charging flapper actuator 44 due to mounting bracket is connected, and charging flapper actuator 44 can drive charging baffle 43 to stretch out and block 38 unloading position of feed belt, 40 faces of the spectral detection probe are set to 43 front of charging baffle by gear steel pipe position Side.
In this way, first stopping feed belt operating before spectral detection probe is detected, then again by feeding barrier driving Device can drive charging baffle to stretch out and block feed belt unloading position, and steel pipe is avoided to be moved on due to inertia, keep Steel pipe realizes spectral detection under static state, improves detection reliability.
Wherein, the position being located in 38 inner ring of the feed belt between two belt tension rollers has also been horizontally spaced about Several intermediate transfer rollers 45, intermediate transfer roller 45 is along feed belt width direction mounting arrangements, intermediate transfer roller upper surface and charging skin Take lower surface contact load.The steel pipe gravity that feed belt upper surface can preferably be born in this way, avoids feed belt Stress is excessive and deformed damaged.Preferably selection is when implementation, 45 uniform intervals of the intermediate transfer roller arrangement and adjacent centre turn Roll spacing is consistent from outer diameter of steel pipes.So that, steel pipe enters feed belt and when front end steel pipe is blocked by charging baffle, often in this way A steel pipe drops into the position between transfer roller among two adjacent chargings just;Steel pipe front and rear sides each in this way are just by two Intermediate transfer roller supports so that the feed belt between two adjacent intermediate transfer rollers, which is pressurized, generates slight deformation, and then is generated to steel pipe Certain contact limit effect, can alleviate thrust caused by the pressure accumulated transmission of the steel pipe accumulated in funnel, improve entirely into The stationarity of material process.
Wherein, discharging unit includes a blanking channel 46 being located at below steel pipe detent mechanism, 46 side wall of blanking channel Upper lateral separation is provided with and communicated with the first tapping channel 47 and the second tapping channel 48, and the discharging of the first tapping channel 47 and second is logical The discharging controller that control steel pipe enters the first tapping channel or the second tapping channel is provided between road 48, the first discharging is logical The outfeed belt for discharging is each provided in road 47 and the second tapping channel 48.
In this way, steel pipe can be controlled never according to the testing result of sonigauge and/or spectral content detection device Same tapping channel discharging realizes that self-emptying control, discharging lean on outfeed belt control to realize, ensure that discharging order.
Wherein, the connection of the first tapping channel 47 is set to blanking channel middle part of sliding channel, the connection setting of the second tapping channel 48 In blanking channel bottom and it is arranged in parallel in 47 lower section of the first tapping channel, the discharging controller includes that a channel switches Baffle 49,49 one end of channel switching control baffle are set in blanking channel and are located at 47 front position of the first tapping channel, lead to The switching control driver that 49 other end of road switching control baffle extends blanking channel 46 and is fixed on mounting bracket with one 50 are connected, and switching control driver 50 can drive channel switching control baffle 49 to extend and retract, channel switching control baffle Blanking channel lower part can be masked towards the cross section of the second tapping channel part after 49 stretchings and blanking channel is guided to fall Steel pipe roll into the first tapping channel 47, the steel pipe that channel switching control baffle 49 can be such that blanking channel 46 falls after retracting falls Enter bottom and enters the second tapping channel 48.
In this way, switching control driver drives channel switching control baffle can be leaned on to stretch out or retract, realize that control is different The material of testing result enters in different tapping channels, simple in structure, and control is reliable.As better choice when implementation, It controls switching control driver drives channel switching control baffle after Tube heating furnace qualification to stretch out, guiding falls into steel pipe and rolls into Discharging in first tapping channel controls the contracting of switching control driver drives channel switching control baffle when Tube heating furnace is unqualified It returns, falls into steel pipe and directly fall to blanking channel bottom and discharge from the second tapping channel;Qualified steel pipe can be reduced in this way to fall Distance and impact strength protect tube quality.As advanced optimizing when implementation, there are one the settings of 46 bottom position of blanking channel Buffering slope 51 is used to let out power and the steel pipe fallen into is guided to roll into the outfeed belt in the second tapping channel 48;Avoid steel pipe Impact to outfeed belt in the second tapping channel.Meanwhile elastic material can be further arranged in 51 surface of buffering slope setting Material, power is let out so that buffering is better achieved.In addition, the buffering slope 51 is the arc slope of indent when implementing and lower part degree of disturbing is more than Top degree of disturbing slows down kinetic energy, preferably reduces to going out in the second tapping channel so that it can preferably absorb downward impact force Expect the impact of belt.It is set as another optimization, the 49 generally downward inclination in front end of the channel switching control baffle when implementation It sets and front end can be held on one piece of branch of 47 charging port lower surface of the first tapping channel after the stretching of channel switching control baffle On bracer 52, such channel switching control baffle can preferably guide the steel pipe fallen into from blanking channel to roll into the after stretching out In one tapping channel, while steel pipe strikes the impact force of channel switching control baffle and can preferably be transferred in supporting block, It avoids channel switching control baffle and its switching control driver at the rear power that is hit for a long time excessive and damage, extends and use the longevity Life.Better choice is that 49 upper surface of channel switching control baffle is also equipped with elastic material, and power is let out preferably to buffer.Separately Outside, when implementation, control unit 54 is also had additional, the control section of above-mentioned each driver, which is integrated in control unit 54, constitutes control System processed realizes unified electrical control, and it is electric field common knowledge that these electrical controls, which are related to technology, therefore not herein in detail It introduces.
Detection process system further includes that steel tube head as shown in Figures 2 and 3 is cut before steel pipe manufacture in present embodiment Cutting mill, steel tube head cutting machine include rack 1, be mounted on rack 1 on and successively sequence be connected feeding part structure, cutting part Separation structure and discharging portion structure, wherein the cut portion structure includes a steel positioned for realizing steel pipe to be cut The discharge end of pipe positioning device and two steel tube head cutter devices, steel pipe positioning device side and feeding part structure is connected, The feed end of the other side and discharging portion structure is connected, and steel tube head cutter device includes the water cut for realizing steel tube head Cutting head 2, water cutting head 2 is located at by the top at positioning steel tube both ends position to be cut and water outlet direction is along by the diameter of positioning steel tube It is arranged to face by positioning steel tube, steel tube head cutter device further includes the high-pressure water jet generating system being connected with water cutting head 3;The discharging portion structure of steel tube head cutting machine and the feed unit linking of steel pipe automatic detecting machine.
In this way, can be cut with steel tube head is realized by the way of Water Cutting using steel tube head cutting machine, when due to cutting Realize that cutting is the high-velocity flow projected by water cutting head, while cutting off steel tube head, due to the shape of flow itself Become dispersibility, the burr that cutting part generates can be washed away, therefore greatly improves cut quality, water cutting head position Above steel pipe and water outlet direction by the radial face of positioning steel tube by positioning steel tube along being arranged, can facilitate the progress of cutting and Facilitate cutting water recycling cycle.Also there is cutting efficiency using water jet cutting simultaneously, pollute low advantage, also reduce indirectly Cutting cost.
Wherein, the feeding part structure includes the feed conveyor belt 4 of horizontal annular setting, in feed conveyor belt 4 Both ends are enclosed by two charging idler roller tensionings, one of charging idler roller and charging motor are sequentially connected, feeding part structure Further include a horizontally disposed feeding-passage 5, feed conveyor belt 4 is located at 5 intracavity bottom of feeding-passage, in feed conveyor belt 4 Apparent height is straight less than two times of steel pipes to be cut more than diameter of steel tube to be cut to 5 inner cavity upper level distance of feeding-passage Diameter, 5 width of feeding-passage are more than length of steel pipe to be cut, and 5 feed end of feeding-passage has set up loading hopper 6, and charging is logical Road 5 discharge end linking is in steel pipe positioning device side top position.
In this way, charging when, steel tube stacking is entered in loading hopper, by gravity roll down to charging transmission belt on, then lean on into Material conveyer belt operating drives to be fed successively, and funnel is convenient to be disposably put into more steel pipes, then can be real by feed conveyor belt The charging control of existing steel pipe one by one, while ensureing to realize by feeding-passage and feed successively, ensure that in this way charging automation and Order improves loading efficiency.
Wherein, the feeding part structure further includes stock stop, and stock stop includes a vertically arranged striker plate 7 With a backgauge fluid telescoping cylinder 8,8 telescopic arm of backgauge fluid telescoping cylinder is connected with striker plate 7 and enables striker plate Feeding-passage discharge end front position is blocked with the flexible of backgauge fluid telescoping cylinder telescopic arm.
As such, it is desirable to when steel pipe is fed in cut portion structure, control striker plate is retracted, while controlling feed conveyor belt Operate a steel pipe distance, drive front steel pipe fall in the steel pipe positioning device of cut portion structure, then stop into Material conveyer belt controls striker plate stretching and blocks feeding-passage discharge end simultaneously, and rear square steel tube is avoided to be generated in inertia and dead weight It is fallen in cut portion structure under component effect, ensure that an once piece steel pipe of cutting, ensure cutting reliability.
Wherein, backgauge fluid telescoping cylinder 8 is fixedly mounted on feeding-passage shell lower surface close to discharging end position, backgauge It is down-set with the telescopic arm of fluid telescoping cylinder 8 and be fixedly connected under striker plate 7 by an adapter and transverse connecting rod Side, can preferably save installation space so that overall structure is compacter in this way.Further, 7 side position of striker plate can Slide up and down to limit to be arranged and be corresponded in rack in vertically arranged limiting slot;In this way, one is to play guiding by limiting slot to make With facilitating striker plate to move up and down vertically, second is that bearing the inertial impact force of steel pipe by limiting slot, avoid striker plate by impact cutting It is bad.Further, also there is one piece of rear end and feed conveyor belt outlet end level to be connected on front side of striker plate, front end face obliquely The oblique rebound of steel pipe positioning device is so that it is convenient to guide the steel pipe of feeding part discharge end to tumble into steel pipe positioning device In, it avoids hitting damage steel pipe positioning device, improves stationarity.Further, two are located in 4 inner ring of the feed conveyor belt Position between charging idler roller has also been horizontally spaced about the intermediate load roller 9 of several chargings, feed intermediate load roller 9 along into Material conveyor width direction is arranged and both ends are installed in rotation on feeding-passage, feeds intermediate load roller upper surface and charging Lower surface contacts load on conveyer belt.The steel pipe gravity that feed conveyor belt upper surface can preferably be born in this way, avoid into Expect that conveyer belt stress is excessive and deformed damaged.Wherein preferably selection is, among the charging load roller uniform intervals arrangement and Load roll spacing is consistent from outer diameter of steel pipes among adjacent charging.So that, steel pipe enters feed conveyor belt and positioned at charging in this way When the steel pipe of channel discharge end is blocked by stock stop, each steel pipe is dropped among two adjacent chargings just between load roller Position;Steel pipe front and rear sides each in this way are supported by the intermediate load roller of two chargings so that being held among two adjacent chargings just Feed conveyor belt between power roller, which is pressurized, generates slight deformation, and then certain contact limit effect, Ke Yihuan are generated to steel pipe The pressure accumulated discharge end that is transferred to of steel pipe of solution feeding-passage feed end accumulation forms thrust to stock stop, improve entirely into The stationarity of material process.
Wherein, the discharging portion structure includes the discharge belt 10 of horizontal annular setting, discharge belt 10 Inner ring both ends are sequentially connected by two discharging idler roller tensionings, one of discharging idler roller and charging motor, discharging portion knot Structure further includes a horizontally disposed tapping channel 11, and discharge belt 10 is located at 11 intracavity bottom of tapping channel, discharging transmission 10 upper level of band is more than diameter of steel tube to tapping channel inner cavity upper level distance and is less than two times of diameter of steel tube, and discharging is logical 11 width of road is more than length of steel pipe after cutting, and tapping channel feed end is provided with blanking channel 12, blanking channel 12 straight up Upper port is right against linking below steel pipe positioning device, and tapping channel discharge end is discharge port.
In this way, driving discharging by discharging transmission belt, facilitate discharging control, the tapping channel by being arranged can be to avoid steel pipe heap Product is realized and is lined up discharging successively, improves discharging order, it is convenient after the operations such as on-carriage.
Wherein, 12 inner wall of the blanking channel is provided with cushioning fender 13, and 13 one end of cushioning fender is rotationally hinged on On the side wall of blanking channel side, 13 other end of cushioning fender is arranged obliquely, 13 downside of cushioning fender and installation cushioning fender The blanking channel side side wall between be provided with buffer spring.
In this way, cushioning fender buffering guiding steel pipe can be leaned on to fall in discharge belt, reduces steel pipe and fall to discharging The impact of conveyer belt improves discharging stability, extends device lifetime.
Wherein, there are one the arcuate structure upwarped, arcuate structure radian and steel pipes for 13 lower end position of cushioning fender tool Outer circle is consistent.It buffers, preferably drives slow in this way, releasing to roll down in arcuate structure to cushioning fender after steel pipe is fallen down It rushes baffle lower end and rotates down and let out power, and slow down shock of the steel pipe to blanking channel side wall, preferably improve blanking stability.Into One step, the position being located in the discharge belt inner ring between two discharging idler rollers has also been horizontally spaced about several The intermediate load roller 14 of discharging, the intermediate load roller 14 that discharges is arranged along discharge belt width direction and both ends are installed in rotation on On tapping channel, lower surface contacts load on discharge intermediate 14 upper surface of load roller and discharge belt.It in this way can be more preferable Ground bears the steel pipe gravity of discharge belt upper surface, avoids discharge belt stress excessive and deformed damaged.Wherein preferably Selection is that load roller uniform intervals are arranged among the discharging and adjacent discharging centre load roll spacing is consistent from outer diameter of steel pipes. So that, steel pipe enters during discharge belt top discharge, and each steel pipe is rolled into just among two adjacent dischargings in this way Position between load roller;Steel pipe front and rear sides each in this way are supported by the intermediate load roller of two dischargings so that two adjacent just Discharge belt between the intermediate load roller of discharging, which is pressurized, generates slight deformation, and then generates certain contact to steel pipe and limit effect Fruit can preferably improve the stationarity of entire discharging process.
Wherein, the steel pipe positioning device includes the horizontal fixation active backing roll 15 being oppositely arranged and movable passive bearing Roller 16, fixed active backing roll 15 are installed in rotation in fixed active backing roll mounting base, fixed active backing roll installation Seat is fixed in rack 1, and fixed active backing roll 15 and a rack-mounted cutting rotary power motor 17 pass Dynamic connection simultaneously can drive rotation by cutting rotary power motor, and the activity passive bearing roller 16 is installed in rotation on activity In passive bearing roller mounting base 18, it is additionally provided with translation control mechanism between movable passive bearing roller mounting base 18 and rack 1, is put down Dynamic control mechanism is moved horizontally for controlling movable passive bearing roller mounting base, and passive bearing roller mounting base is moved horizontally to and consolidates Opposite side upper surface between active backing roll and movable passive bearing roller is fixed when determining active backing roll mounting base closest approach to be formed The steel pipe cutting work station of positioning is fallen into for steel pipe.
In this way, movable passive bearing roller drives by translation control mechanism, to extend out to and fix active backing roll mounting base nearest Opposite side upper surface between active backing roll and movable passive bearing roller is fixed when point formed fall into the steel pipe of positioning for steel pipe and cut Station is cut, positioning can be fallen into for steel pipe at this time, drives and fixes actively by cutting rotary power motor when then steel pipe is cut Backing roll rotates, and then drives steel pipe rotary thereon, realizes that the cutting in the entire circumferential direction of steel pipe, steel tube head cutting finish Afterwards, translation control mechanism drive activity passive bearing roller is retracted, and steel pipe is fallen in the discharging portion structure of lower section.In this way, just Facilitate the bearing cutting for realizing steel pipe and the blanking after cutting, while using controlling by the way of steel pipe rotary one week and water The cutting to steel tube head is realized in cutting head cooperation, has cutting reliably, the high feature of cut quality.
Wherein, movable 18 lower end of passive bearing roller mounting base is slidably fit into a guide rail for being horizontally placed on rack On 19, the translation control mechanism includes a movable passive bearing roller control fluid telescoping cylinder 20, the passive branch of activity The telescopic arm of runner control fluid telescoping cylinder 20 is connected with movable passive bearing roller mounting base 18 and is used to control in fact present Moving horizontally on guide rail.
In this way, facilitating the horizontal sliding control realized to movable passive bearing roller mounting base, have simple in structure, control can By the advantages that.
Wherein, movable passive bearing roller control fluid telescoping cylinder 20 is installed on guide rail lower position and its telescopic arm passes through Adapter is connected with connecting rod with movable passive bearing roller mounting base 18, can preferably save space in this way, keep its structure tight It gathers.Further, guide rail is fixedly installed baffle straight up close to fixed active backing roll mounting base side, in this way can be with Extreme position is moved horizontally to movable passive bearing roller mounting base preferably to limit.
Wherein, the steel pipe positioning device further includes end part aligning mechanism, and the end part aligning mechanism is located at including one By the alignment fixed baffle 21 of positioning steel tube length direction one end in steel pipe cutting work station, alignment is solid with the installation of fixed baffle 21 It is scheduled in rack, further includes one and be located in steel pipe cutting work station by the alignment active catch of the positioning steel tube length direction other end Plate 22, alignment movable panel 22 are flexible with thrust fluid away from steel pipe cutting work station side and an alignment for being fixed on rack Cylinder 23 is connected.
In this way, steel pipe drop into steel pipe cutting work station position after before being cut, alignment can be leaned on to be stretched with thrust fluid The telescopic arm of contracting cylinder, which stretches out, pushes steel pipe that its other end is made to be against on alignment fixed baffle, realizes the positioning pair of axial position Together, ensure that steel pipe cutting position is precisely reliable, improve end cut quality.
Wherein, it is additionally provided with positioned at water cutting head top position for controlling water cutting head in steel tube head cutter device The water cutting head pushing handle telescopic control mechanism of lower movement.
It retracts in this way, water cutting head can be controlled when not cutting, to avoid falling into for interference effect to steel pipe, cuts upwards It can be extended downwardly when cutting to close to steel tube surface position, ensure cutting effect and stability.
Wherein, the water cutting head pushing handle telescopic control mechanism includes a water cutting head control fluid telescoping cylinder 24, and water is cut It is down-set with the telescopic arm of fluid telescoping cylinder 24 and be fixedly connected with water cutting head to cut head control.
Have many advantages, such as in this way it is simple in structure, it is easy to control be reliably quick on the draw it is quick.
Wherein, it is additionally provided with positioned at water cutting head top position for controlling water cutting head edge in steel tube head cutter device The water cutting head rotation control mechanism circumferentially rotated by positioning steel tube.In this way, when cutting relatively thin steel pipe, water-jet in order to prevent Stream, which still has large energy after the tube wall of steel pipe upper end and then impacts lower section tube wall, causes erosion to influence final mass, can To lean on water cutting head rotation control mechanism control steel pipe deflection certain angle to retread to being cut, enable its non-cutting position The impact of flow after cutting is avoided, and then better ensures that final cut quality, greatly improves the present apparatus scope of application.
Wherein, water cutting head rotation control mechanism includes one for installing water cutting head control fluid telescoping cylinder and water The mounting plate 25 of cutting head, the middle part of mounting plate 25 by one with by positioning steel tube, axially parallel shaft is installed in rotation on machine On frame, water cutting head rotation control mechanism further includes a rotation fluid telescoping cylinder 26 being arranged in mounting plate side, rotation It is fixed on the rack with fluid telescoping cylinder 26 and its telescopic arm front end is hinged and connected along rotor shaft direction is deviateed in 25 side of mounting plate On.In this way, the gravity of mounting plate and its upper member is born by shaft, rotation fluid telescoping cylinder need to only provide smaller torque Realization rotation control can be driven, has many advantages, such as that stable structure control is reliable.
When it is implemented, can also be respectively correspondingly arranged in the rack of steel pipe cutting work station attachment for detecting in steel pipe Portion's steel pipe inductive probe and for detecting steel pipe by the end inductive probe of cutting end, the former and backgauge with fluid telescoping cylinder with And charging motor is connected and is used to detect that steel pipe to cut away backward control charging, it is dynamic in the latter and steel tube head cutter device Power element is connected and is used to control the start and stop of cutting, improves automatic controlling level.A control can also be set when in addition, implementing Dynamical element in various pieces is connected with control centre 27, control is conveniently better achieved by center 27 processed.

Claims (8)

1. detection process system before a kind of steel pipe manufacture, including steel pipe automatic detecting machine, steel pipe automatic detecting machine include mounting bracket, It is characterized in that, being sequentially set with feed unit, thickness of steel pipe detection device and discharging unit, the thickness of steel pipe on mounting bracket Detection device includes steel pipe detent mechanism and thickness of steel pipe testing agency, and steel pipe detent mechanism can be formed for positioning support steel The steel pipe support station of pipe, the thickness of steel pipe testing agency include a sonigauge, and sonigauge has one A wall thickness detection probe for realizing thickness of steel pipe detection;
The feed unit includes the feed belt of horizontal annular setting, and two belt tensions are leaned at feed belt inner ring both ends Roller is tensioned, and one of belt tension roller and steel pipe charging motor are sequentially connected, and feed unit further includes a spectral content inspection Device is surveyed, there are one spectral detections to pop one's head in for spectral content detection device tool, the downward face feed belt setting of spectral detection probe And for realizing that detection, feed belt discharge end are connected above steel pipe detent mechanism to the steel pipe by belt;
Also horizontal above the feed belt to be provided with one piece of top plate in the same direction, top plate lower surface to feed belt upper surface distance is big It is less than two diameter of steel tube in a diameter of steel tube and to be formed between top plate and feed belt upper surface logical for single steel pipe The channel crossed, feed belt feed end, which is provided with to connect for the funnel of charging and the channel, realizes steel pipe charging.
2. detection process system before steel pipe as described in claim 1 manufacture, which is characterized in that wall thickness detection probe is radially just To the steel tube surface setting after being positioned, thickness of steel pipe testing agency further includes a wall thickness detection driver, and wall thickness detection is driven Dynamic device is connected with wall thickness detection probe and wall thickness detection probe can be driven to be moved forward and backward to touch by positioning steel tube surface reality Now detect.
3. detection process system before steel pipe as described in claim 1 manufacture, which is characterized in that the steel pipe detent mechanism includes One block of stationary positioned plate being fixed on mounting bracket and one piece of movable positioning plate, stationary positioned plate and movable positioning plate are oppositely arranged In herringbone, the positioning sheet drive that movable positioning plate is fixed on mounting bracket away from the side of stationary positioned plate and one connects It connects, positioning sheet drive can drive movable positioning plate to stretch out toward the direction of stationary positioned plate and make when extending out to extreme position Steel pipe support station is constituted between movable positioning plate and stationary positioned plate, is blanking channel below steel pipe support station.
4. detection process system before steel pipe manufacture as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that above spectral content detection device The spectral detection driver being fixed on there are one also setting up on mounting bracket, spectral detection driver and spectral content detection device phase Connect and is used to drive spectral content detection device to move up and down.
5. detection process system before steel pipe manufacture as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that feed belt discharge end is also set up There is charging baffle, charging baffle is vertically arranged and is connected with the charging flapper actuator that one is fixed on mounting bracket, feeds baffle Driver can drive charging baffle to stretch out and block feed belt unloading position, the spectral detection pop one's head in face be set into Expect in front of baffle by above gear steel pipe position.
6. detection process system before steel pipe manufacture as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that position in the feed belt inner ring Position between two belt tension rollers has also been horizontally spaced about several intermediate transfer rollers, and intermediate transfer roller is wide along feed belt Direction mounting arrangements are spent, lower surface contacts load on intermediate transfer roller upper surface and feed belt.
7. detection process system before steel pipe manufacture as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that discharging unit includes being located at steel pipe A blanking channel below detent mechanism, lateral separation is provided with and communicated with the first tapping channel and second on blanking channel side wall Tapping channel is provided with control steel pipe and goes out into the first tapping channel or second between the first tapping channel and the second tapping channel Expect the discharging controller in channel, the discharging skin for discharging is each provided in the first tapping channel and the second tapping channel Band.
8. detection process system before steel pipe manufacture as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that the connection setting of the first tapping channel In blanking channel middle part of sliding channel, the connection of the second tapping channel is set to blanking channel bottom and is arranged in parallel in the first tapping channel Lower section, the discharging controller include that a channel switches baffle, and channel switching control baffle one end is set to blanking channel In and be located at the first tapping channel front position, the channel switching control baffle other end extend blanking channel and and a fixation Switching control driver on mounting bracket is connected, and switching control driver can drive switching control baffle in channel to stretch out and contract It returns, switching control baffle in channel can mask blanking channel lower part and lead to the cross section of the second tapping channel part simultaneously after stretching out The steel pipe that guiding blanking channel is fallen rolls into the first tapping channel, and switching control baffle in channel can be such that blanking channel falls after retracting Under steel pipe fall into bottom and enter the second tapping channel.
CN201610358458.3A 2016-05-26 2016-05-26 A kind of preceding detection process system of steel pipe manufacture CN106040605B (en)

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