CN106036246A - Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed prepared based on conversion of hermetia illucens larvas of kitchen waste - Google Patents

Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed prepared based on conversion of hermetia illucens larvas of kitchen waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106036246A
CN106036246A CN201610581795.9A CN201610581795A CN106036246A CN 106036246 A CN106036246 A CN 106036246A CN 201610581795 A CN201610581795 A CN 201610581795A CN 106036246 A CN106036246 A CN 106036246A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
vitamin
shrimp
feed
litopenaeus vannamei
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CN201610581795.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄燕华
胡俊茹
王国霞
孙育平
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广州飞禧特水产科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201610581795.9A priority Critical patent/CN106036246A/en
Publication of CN106036246A publication Critical patent/CN106036246A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention discloses litopenaeus vannamei compound feed prepared based on conversion of hermetia illucens larvas of kitchen waste. The feed comprises fish meal, soybean meal, hermetia illucens larva powder, shrimp shell meal, peanut meal, squid paste, sodium alga acid, flour, fish oil and a feed additive. The feed additive comprises a monocalcium phosphate, phosphatide oll, shrimp complex vitamins, shrimp minerals, vitamin C ester, choline chloride, salt, cholesterol and microcrystalline cellulose. The compound feed has the advantages that the kitchen waste can be reutilized to produce safe high-quality insect protein, so that consumption of the fish meal in conventional litopenaeus vannamei feed is lowered, and feeding cost is reduced; growth rate of litopenaeus vannamei can be increased.

Description

A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed converting the preparation of changing food waste black soldier flies larva

Technical field

The present invention relates to field of fodder, particularly to the Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed of a kind of black soldier flies larva preparation.

Background technology

Feed cost accounts for more than half of prawn culturing cost, and wherein protein raw material is the key affecting feed cost. Fish flour dough-making powder is expensive feed ingredient, and the shortage of fish flour dough-making powder become shrimp culture industry development limiting factor it One.Therefore, reduce fish flour dough-making powder consumption and keep the level of production of prawn become prawn culturing produce in need solution badly Problem.

Changing food waste, is the sanitary waste that formed during personal consumption of resident, easily rots, distribute stench, Spreading germs and virus, Chinese city produces changing food waste every year and is not less than 60,000,000 tons.Biological method is utilized to process kitchen rubbish Rubbish is possible not only to reduce processing cost, reduces environmental pollution, and can reach to make full use of the effect of environmental resource.Black soldier flies (Hermetia illucensL) is the Stratiomyidae insecticide of saprophagous character, it is possible to take food the organic waste such as changing food waste and feces of livestock and poultry Thing, utilizes these debirs so that black soldier flies larva can mushroom out.On the other hand, these black soldier flies mushroomed out Larva contains higher feed nutritive value so that it plays important as feedstuff or feed additive in aquaculture Effect.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to make full use of resource environment, eliminate pollute, it is achieved resource offer is provided A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed converting the preparation of changing food waste black soldier flies larva.

The technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of prawn converting the preparation of changing food waste black soldier flies larva coordinates to be raised Material, feedstuff by fish flour, bean cake, black soldier flies larva powder, shrimp shell meal, Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs, sepiellae seu sepiae paste, sodium alginate, flour, fish oil and raising Feed additives forms.Described feed additive contains dalcium biphosphate, phosphatide oil, shrimp multidimensional, shrimp ore deposit, vitamin C ester, chlorination gallbladder Alkali, Sal, cholesterol, microcrystalline Cellulose.

Preferably, containing fish flour 14~20 parts in every 100 mass parts prawn feeds, bean cake 10~14 parts, black soldier flies larva Powder 3~12 parts, shrimp shell meal 4~6 parts, Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs 12~20 parts, sepiellae seu sepiae paste 4~6 parts, sodium alginate 1~3 parts, flour 28~32 Part, fish oil 1~3 parts, feed additive 4~8 parts.

It is further preferred that containing fish flour 14~17 parts, bean cake 12 parts, black soldier flies children in every 100 mass parts prawn feeds Worm powder 5.41~10.82 parts, shrimp shell meal 5 parts, Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs 16 parts, sepiellae seu sepiae paste 5 parts, sodium alginate 2 parts, flour 28.18~29.59 Part, fish oil 1~3 parts, feed additive 6 parts.

Preferably, described feed additive provides dalcium biphosphate 1.5 parts, phosphorus for every 100 mass parts prawn mixed feeds Fatty oil 1 part, shrimp multidimensional 0.2 part, 0.5 part of shrimp ore deposit, vitamin C ester 0.1 part, choline chloride 0.3 part, Sal 0.2 part, cholesterol 0.2 part, microcrystalline Cellulose 2 parts.

Preferably, Fe >=0.75g, Cu >=1.5g, Zn >=5g are contained in every kilogram of shrimp ore deposit, and Mg >=12g, Co >=160mg, Se >= 3.6mg, I >=60mg.

Preferably, every kilogram of shrimp multidimensional contains vitamin A >=4000000IU, vitamin B2>=15g, inositol >=100g, general Acid calcium >=25, vitamin D3>=800000IU, vitamin B6>=8g, nicotinic acid >=40g, biotin >=0.08, vitamin E >=30g, Vitamin B12>=0.02g, folic acid >=2.5g, vitamin B1>=5g, vitamin K3≥10g。

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed of conversion changing food waste black soldier flies larva preparation, one Aspect can realize the secondary of changing food waste and utilize the insect protein of production safety high-quality, reduces fish flour in tradition prawn feed Usage amount, reduces feeding cost;On the other hand the rate of growth of Litopenaeus vannamei can be improved.

Detailed description of the invention

The several mineral materials premix material in shrimp ore deposit, i.e. prawn culturing;Shrimp multidimensional, i.e. the multivitamin premix material to cultivation. Shrimp ore deposit and shrimp multidimensional are feed additive components commonly used in the art.

Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated, but is not limited thereto.

The conventional feed formula of comparative example Litopenaeus vannamei

A kind of traditional feed for litopenaeus vannamei formula, by fish flour 20 parts, bean cake 12 parts, shrimp shell meal 5 parts, Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs 16 parts, crow Thief's cream 5 parts, sodium alginate 2 parts, 31 parts of flour, dalcium biphosphate 1.5 parts, 3 parts of fish oil, phosphatide oil 1 part, shrimp multidimensional 0.2 part, shrimp 0.5 part of ore deposit, vitamin C ester 0.1 part, choline chloride 0.3 part, Sal 0.2 part, 0.2 part of choline, microcrystalline Cellulose 2 parts, by quality Part meter.Wherein, Fe >=0.75g, Cu >=1.5g, Zn >=5g are contained in every kilogram of shrimp ore deposit, and Mg >=12g, Co >=160mg, Se >= 3.6mg, I >=60mg;Every kilogram of shrimp multidimensional contains vitamin A >=4000000IU, vitamin B2>=15g, inositol >=100g, general Acid calcium >=25, vitamin D3>=800000IU, vitamin B6>=8g, nicotinic acid >=40g, biotin >=0.08, vitamin E >=30g, Vitamin B12>=0.02g, folic acid >=2.5g, vitamin B1>=5g, vitamin K3≥10g。

With Litopenaeus vannamei that original body mass is 1.76 ± 0.82g as object of study, cultivate in indoor water blood circulation, often Organizing 3 repetitions, 40 tails put in a suitable place to breed by every cylinder, and be satiated with food every day throw something and feed 3 times (8:00,14:00,20:00);It is satiated with food and throws something and feeds;Whole day 24h not between Disconnected aeration, illumination is lamp, water temperature 27 DEG C~30 DEG C;Salinity 5.0-6.0, dissolved oxygen > 6.0mg/L, ammonia nitrogen < 0.10mg/ L, sub-pin hydrochlorate < 0.01mg/L, pH7.80 ± 0.1.Experiment periods is 56d.After raising experiment terminates, fasting 24 h.It is calculated By the Litopenaeus vannamei of this diet, rate of body weight gain (%) is 750.70 ± 4.00, and survival rate (%) is 89.17 ± 1.44.

Embodiment 1 Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed formula (1)

A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed formula, by fish flour 17 parts, black soldier flies larva powder 5.41 parts, bean cake 12 parts, shrimp shell meal 5 Part, Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs 16 parts, sepiellae seu sepiae paste 5 parts, sodium alginate 2 parts, 29.59 parts of flour, dalcium biphosphate 1.5 parts, 2 parts of fish oil, phospholipid Oil 1 part, shrimp multidimensional 0.2 part, 0.5 part of shrimp ore deposit, vitamin C ester 0.1 part, choline chloride 0.3 part, Sal 0.2 part, 0.2 part of choline, Microcrystalline Cellulose 2 parts, in parts by mass.Wherein, shrimp ore deposit and shrimp multidimensional composition are with described in comparative example.

Test according to the experimental technique of comparative example, be calculated with the Litopenaeus vannamei of this diet, rate of body weight gain (%) being 808.23 ± 13.33, survival rate (%) is 90.00 ± 2.50.

Embodiment 2 Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed formula (2)

A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed formula, by fish flour 15 parts, black soldier flies larva powder 9.02 parts, bean cake 12 parts, shrimp shell meal 5 Part, Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs 16 parts, sepiellae seu sepiae paste 5 parts, sodium alginate 2 parts, 28.48 parts of flour, dalcium biphosphate 1.5 parts, 1.5 parts of fish oil, phosphorus Fatty oil 1 part, shrimp multidimensional 0.2 part, 0.5 part of shrimp ore deposit, vitamin C ester 0.1 part, choline chloride 0.3 part, Sal 0.2 part, choline 0.2 Part, microcrystalline Cellulose 2 parts, in parts by mass.Wherein, shrimp ore deposit and shrimp multidimensional composition are with described in comparative example.

Test according to the experimental technique of comparative example, be calculated with the Litopenaeus vannamei of this diet, rate of body weight gain (%) being 796.20 ± 34.18, survival rate (%) is 90.00 ± 2.50.

Embodiment 3 Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed formula (3)

A kind of Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed formula, by fish flour 14 parts, black soldier flies larva powder 10.82 parts, bean cake 12 parts, shrimp shell meal 5 parts, Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs 16 parts, sepiellae seu sepiae paste 5 parts, sodium alginate 2 parts, 28.18 parts of flour, dalcium biphosphate 1.5 parts, 1.5 parts of fish oil, phosphorus Fatty oil 1 part, shrimp multidimensional 0.2 part, 0.5 part of shrimp ore deposit, vitamin C ester 0.1 part, choline chloride 0.3 part, Sal 0.2 part, choline 0.2 Part, microcrystalline Cellulose 2 parts, in parts by mass.Wherein, shrimp ore deposit and shrimp multidimensional composition are with described in comparative example.

Test according to the experimental technique of comparative example, be calculated with the Litopenaeus vannamei of this diet, rate of body weight gain (%) being 772.34 ± 24.99, survival rate (%) is 91.67 ± 2.89.

After above it can be seen that with the addition of black soldier flies larva powder in feedstuff, reducing fish flour dough-making powder usage amount Meanwhile, can further improve the rate of body weight gain of Litopenaeus vannamei.

Above example only introduces the preferred case of the present invention, to those skilled in the art, without departing substantially from this Any obvious changes and improvements carried out in invention scope, are regarded as the part of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. one kind convert changing food waste black soldier flies larva preparation prawn mixed feed, it is characterised in that described feedstuff by fish flour, Bean cake, black soldier flies larva powder, shrimp shell meal, Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs, sepiellae seu sepiae paste, sodium alginate, flour, fish oil and feed additive composition.
Prawn mixed feed the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described feed additive contains biphosphate Calcium, phosphatide oil, shrimp multidimensional, shrimp ore deposit, vitamin C ester, choline chloride, Sal, cholesterol, microcrystalline Cellulose.
Prawn mixed feed the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: containing fish in every 100 mass parts prawn feeds Powder 14~20 parts, bean cake 10~14 parts, black soldier flies larva powder 3~12 parts, shrimp shell meal 4~6 parts, Semen arachidis hypogaeae dregs 12~20 parts, sepiellae seu sepiae Cream 4~6 parts, sodium alginate 1~3 parts, flour 28~32 parts, fish oil 1~3 parts, feed additive 4~8 parts.
4. according to the prawn mixed feed described in claims 1 to 3 any one claim, it is characterised in that: described feedstuff Additive provides dalcium biphosphate 1.5 parts, phosphatide oil 1 part, shrimp multidimensional 0.2 part, shrimp ore deposit for every 100 mass parts prawn mixed feeds 0.5 part, vitamin C ester 0.1 part, choline chloride 0.3 part, Sal 0.2 part, 0.2 part of cholesterol, microcrystalline Cellulose 2 parts.
5. according to the prawn mixed feed described in right 2, it is characterised in that: every kilogram of shrimp ore deposit contain Fe >=0.75g, Cu >= 1.5g, Zn >=5g, Mg >=12g, Co >=160mg, Se >=3.6mg, I >=60mg.
6. according to the prawn mixed feed described in right 2, it is characterised in that: every kilogram of shrimp multidimensional contain vitamin A >= 4000000IU, vitamin B2>=15g, inositol >=100g, calcium pantothenate >=25, vitamin D3>=800000IU, vitamin B6>=8g, Nicotinic acid >=40g, biotin >=0.08, vitamin E >=30g, vitamin B12>=0.02g, folic acid >=2.5g, vitamin B1>=5g, Vitamin K3≥10g。
7. according to the prawn mixed feed described in claim 1~6 any one claim in Litopenaeus vannamei cultivates Application.
CN201610581795.9A 2016-07-22 2016-07-22 Litopenaeus vannamei compound feed prepared based on conversion of hermetia illucens larvas of kitchen waste CN106036246A (en)

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Citations (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101099540A (en) * 2006-11-28 2008-01-09 湛江粤海饲料有限公司 Low-salinity cultivating litopenaeus vannamei environment-friendly type mixed feed
CN101632417A (en) * 2009-07-03 2010-01-27 珠海市世海饲料有限公司 Compound feed for Penaeus vannamei Boone
CN102217741A (en) * 2011-08-02 2011-10-19 广东省农业科学院畜牧研究所 Low-protein low-fish meal feed for Litopenaeus vannamei
CN104304825A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-01-28 珠海容川饲料有限公司 Green and health care compound feed for penaeus vannamei

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101099540A (en) * 2006-11-28 2008-01-09 湛江粤海饲料有限公司 Low-salinity cultivating litopenaeus vannamei environment-friendly type mixed feed
CN101632417A (en) * 2009-07-03 2010-01-27 珠海市世海饲料有限公司 Compound feed for Penaeus vannamei Boone
CN102217741A (en) * 2011-08-02 2011-10-19 广东省农业科学院畜牧研究所 Low-protein low-fish meal feed for Litopenaeus vannamei
CN104304825A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-01-28 珠海容川饲料有限公司 Green and health care compound feed for penaeus vannamei

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