CN106016989B - A kind of tobacco drying apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of tobacco drying apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN106016989B
CN106016989B CN201610393069.4A CN201610393069A CN106016989B CN 106016989 B CN106016989 B CN 106016989B CN 201610393069 A CN201610393069 A CN 201610393069A CN 106016989 B CN106016989 B CN 106016989B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
air
heat exchanger
tobacco drying
gas
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201610393069.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106016989A (en
Inventor
马军
Original Assignee
马军
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 马军 filed Critical 马军
Priority to CN201610393069.4A priority Critical patent/CN106016989B/en
Publication of CN106016989A publication Critical patent/CN106016989A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106016989B publication Critical patent/CN106016989B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B9/00Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards
    • F26B9/06Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards in stationary drums or chambers
    • F26B9/063Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards in stationary drums or chambers for drying granular material in bulk, e.g. grain bins or silos with false floor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/001Drying-air generating units, e.g. movable, independent of drying enclosure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/004Nozzle assemblies; Air knives; Air distributors; Blow boxes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B2200/00Drying processes and machines for solid materials characterised by the specific requirements of the drying good
    • F26B2200/22Tobacco leaves

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of tobacco drying apparatus, and including Tobacco drying room, humidity control module, temperature control modules, cold storage water pot, heat storage water pot and water source hot water heat pump, humidity control module is for the independent air humidity for controlling Tobacco drying room;Temperature control modules are for the independent air themperature for controlling Tobacco drying room;Cold storage water pot is used to provide the refrigerant of cooling air for humidity control module, and heat storage water pot is used to recycle the indoor heat of Tobacco drying after Tobacco drying;Water source hot water heat pump takes heat pump working method to realize that cold storage water pot and the heat of water in heat storage water pot are transmitted.The tobacco drying apparatus of the present invention, drying process temperature can be with independent control with humidity, Tobacco drying can be carried out fully according to traditional control of temperature and humidity curve, the mouthfeel of tobacco is consistent with tradition, meanwhile, drying process carries out in confined conditions, the smell of tobacco preserves good, energy recycling in drying process, energy conservation and environmental protection are at low cost.

Description

A kind of tobacco drying apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of tobacco drying apparatus, in particular to a kind of temperature and the tobacco of humidity-independent control Drying device.
Background technology
Tobacco drying is indispensable procedure of processing in tobacco leaf production, and baked by using fire coal tobacco makes Tobacco drying be China's cigarette Long-term and widely used roasting mode in grass baking.Tobacco roasting needs to expend big energy, and traditional flue-curing barn is directly supplied with coal Heat, heat utilization efficiency is low, coal consumption is high, and usually drying 1kg tobaccos needs 1.5~2.5kg of consuming to mark coal, caused by coal burning SO2、NOxNuisances is waited also seriously to pollute atmospheric environment and influence the health of people.
With the increasingly stringent of Chinese environmental protection regulation, clean Tobacco drying technology is found, has become inexorable trend.Together When, the appearance and mouthfeel after Tobacco drying are influenced due to Tobacco drying mode, so, it is needed when drying tobacco in temperature and humidity It is carried out under conditions of stringent control, domestic-developed has gone out the various Tobacco drying technologies based on heat pump techniques at present, mainly Representative art has:
(1) heat source can be provided as Tobacco drying for heat source using air, exhaust way is taken to control humidity;The technology it is excellent Temperature can be with independent control with humidity during point is Tobacco drying, and defect is:(1) temperature of environment is influenced with humidity Dry mass, tobacco flavor is arranged together to air in (2) exhaust process, and after (3) Tobacco drying, tobacco heat takes nature The mode of cooling cools down, and thermal energy consumption is big.
(2) air tight cycle heat pump, operation principle are exactly evaporation of the air circulation in tobacco roasting stove by heat pump Device and condenser, vapor is condensed into water release heat and becomes energy heats tobacco by heat pump assembly in circulation air, should The advantages of mode, is:(1) environment temperature influences dry mass with humidity small;(2) without thermal loss caused by exhaust.Its Defect is:(1) temperature and humidity-independent control are difficult to realize during Tobacco drying, i.e., humidity is in always in drying process Variable condition, the tobacco mouthfeel that tobacco mouthfeel is dried with appearance with traditional approach after drying are had any different with appearance;(2) Tobacco drying After, tobacco heat takes the mode of natural cooling to cool down, and thermal energy consumption is big.
Therefore, existing Tobacco drying technology how is improved, realizes the independent control of temperature and humidity during Tobacco drying System, while the mouthfeel after Tobacco drying is kept, it is the technical issues of those skilled in the art are urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Invention content
In consideration of it, the present invention proposes a kind of tobacco drying apparatus, which works according to refrigeration air conditioner heat pump principle, leads to Crossing special designing realizes the independent control of temperature and humidity during Tobacco drying, ensure that the mouthfeel of tobacco after Tobacco drying Do not vary widely.
On the one hand, a kind of tobacco drying apparatus proposed by the present invention, including Tobacco drying room, further includes humidity control module And temperature control modules, the humidity control module include first circulation wind turbine, the second air-water heat exchanger and gas-gas heat exchange Device, Tobacco drying room described in the first inlet communication of the gas-to-gas heat exchanger, the first outlet connection of the gas-to-gas heat exchanger The air intlet of second air-water heat exchanger, the air outlet slit of second air-water heat exchanger connect the gas-gas Second import of heat exchanger, the second outlet of the gas-to-gas heat exchanger lead to the Tobacco drying room, the first circulation wind turbine For making the indoor air of Tobacco drying in the Tobacco drying room and second air-water heat exchanger and gas-to-gas heat exchanger Between circulate;The temperature control modules include sequentially connected first refrigerant condenser, the first refrigeration compressor, first Evaporator and the first refrigeration expansion valve, first refrigerant condenser are located in the Tobacco drying room.
As the improvement of tobacco drying apparatus as described above on the one hand, cold storage water pot, the cold are further included The first water outlet for storing water pot connects the water inlet of first evaporator, first evaporator by first circulation water pump Water outlet lead to cold storage water pot.
As the improvement of tobacco drying apparatus as described above on the one hand, the second water outlet of the cold storage water pot The water inlet of second air-water heat exchanger, the water outlet of second air-water heat exchanger are connected by second circulation water pump Mouth leads to the cold storage water pot.
As the improvement of tobacco drying apparatus as described above on the one hand, heat storage water pot and water source hot water are further included Heat pump, the water source hot water heat pump include sequentially connected second evaporator, the second refrigeration compressor, the second refrigerant condenser and Second refrigeration expansion valve;The third water outlet of the cold storage water pot connects second evaporator by third water circulating pump Water inlet, the water outlet of second evaporator leads to the cold storage water pot;The first of the heat storage water pot goes out The mouth of a river connects the water inlet of second refrigerant condenser, the water outlet of second refrigerant condenser by the 4th water circulating pump Lead to the heat storage water pot.
As the improvement of tobacco drying apparatus as described above on the one hand, the first air-water heat exchanger is further included, it is described Second water outlet of heat storage water pot connects the water inlet of first air-water heat exchanger, institute by the 5th water circulating pump The water outlet for stating the first air-water heat exchanger leads to the heat storage water pot, and first air-water heat exchanger is located at described In Tobacco drying room.
As the improvement of tobacco drying apparatus as described above on the one hand, second circulation wind turbine is further included, described second The inlet communication Tobacco drying room of circulating fan, the first refrigerant condenser described in the outlet of the second circulation wind turbine into Gas port, the gas outlet of first refrigerant condenser connect the air inlet of first air-water heat exchanger, and described first is empty The Tobacco drying room is led in the gas outlet of air-water heat exchanger.
As the improvement of tobacco drying apparatus as described above on the one hand, the first circulation wind turbine is arranged on described change Between the second outlet of hot device and the Tobacco drying room, the second of heat exchanger described in the inlet communication of the first circulation wind turbine Outlet, Tobacco drying room described in the outlet of the first circulation wind turbine.
As the improvement of tobacco drying apparatus as described above on the one hand, the humidity control module and temperature control mould Block passes through electric drive.
Tobacco drying apparatus proposed by the present invention is wet including Tobacco drying room, humidity control module and temperature control modules Spend control module include first circulation wind turbine, the second air-water heat exchanger and gas-to-gas heat exchanger, gas-to-gas heat exchanger first into Mouth connection Tobacco drying room, the first outlet of gas-to-gas heat exchanger connect the air intlet of the second air-water heat exchanger, and second is empty Second import of the air outlet slit connection gas-to-gas heat exchanger of air-water heat exchanger, the second outlet of gas-to-gas heat exchanger lead to tobacco Hothouse, first circulation wind turbine for making the indoor air of Tobacco drying in Tobacco drying room and the second air-water heat exchanger and It is circulated between gas-to-gas heat exchanger;Temperature control modules include sequentially connected first refrigerant condenser, the first refrigerant compression Machine, the first evaporator and the first refrigeration expansion valve, the first refrigerant condenser are located in Tobacco drying room.Pass through the technical side Case when humidity control module works, starts first circulation wind turbine, the first circulation wind turbine make the air of Tobacco drying room through gas- After first import of gas heat exchanger firstly flows through the high temperature side of gas-to-gas heat exchanger, the air intlet through the second air-water heat exchanger is again The second air-water heat exchanger is flowed through, is most sent back to after the low temperature side of heat exchanger is flowed through in the second import of gas-to-gas heat exchanger afterwards To Tobacco drying room, due to the effect of the second air-water heat exchanger, the humid air of Tobacco drying room is changed by the second Air-Water During hot device, contained humidity condensation in humid air (is at least partly condensed), it is achieved thereby that the temperature to Tobacco drying room controls. Simultaneously as the indoor air of Tobacco drying is recycled between Tobacco drying room and the second air-water heat exchanger and heat exchanger Flowing, therefore, avoids tobacco flavor in humidity control process and arranges to air.In addition, due to the different phase of Tobacco drying, cigarette The evaporation capacity of water is different in grass, and the relative humidity of Tobacco drying room requirement is also different, therefore, different drying stages, humidity The dehumidifying effect of control module must be variation, can adjust the air quantity of first circulation wind turbine in the present invention to control dehumidifying Amount, when moisture removal requirement is big, control is big by the air quantity of the second air-water heat exchanger, and when moisture removal requirement is small, control passes through The air quantity of second air-water heat exchanger is small.The air quantity of first circulation wind turbine adjust can by adjust the frequency of circulating fan come It realizes.
In said program, since temperature control modules include sequentially connected first refrigerant condenser, the first refrigerant compression Machine, the first evaporator and the first refrigeration expansion valve, the first refrigerant condenser are located in Tobacco drying room, work as temperature control modules During work, Tobacco drying room obtains heat, the temperature raising of Tobacco drying room from the first refrigerant condenser.Since the present invention is set Relatively independent humidity control module and temperature control modules are put so that the temperature and humidity of Tobacco drying room can be carried out Independent control, can be according to the dry temperature and humidity for requiring independent control Tobacco drying room in each stage of Tobacco drying.
In further technical solution, by the way that cold is set to store water pot and first circulation water pump, when temperature controls mould When block works, first circulation water pump is by the water in cold storage water pot cyclically after cold storage water pot flows to the first evaporator Return to cold storage water pot so that coolant-temperature gage reduces in cold storage water pot, and the temperature of Tobacco drying room increases, cold storage Water at low temperature is also used as other purposes uses in water pot.
In further technical solution, the second water outlet that water pot is stored by cold is connected by second circulation water pump The water inlet of second air-water heat exchanger, the water outlet of the second air-water heat exchanger lead to cold storage water pot, then temperature control The water at low temperature that molding block generates can be used for the second air-water heat exchanger, so as to condense the humid air of Tobacco drying room, help real The humid control of existing Tobacco drying room, saves the energy.
In further technical solution, the water that third water circulating pump stores cold in water pot is cyclically stored from cold Water pot is returned to cold storage water pot after flowing to the second evaporator;4th water circulating pump recycles the water in heat storage water pot Ground is returned to heat storage water pot after being flowed to from heat storage water pot to the second refrigerant condenser, according to heat pump operation principle, water During the hot water heat pump work of source, the heat contained by cold storage water pot is transferred in heat storage water pot, in cold storage water pot Coolant-temperature gage constantly reduces, and the temperature of water constantly rises in heat storage water pot.Therefore, it is cold by setting water source hot water heat pump Coolant-temperature gage in amount storage water pot further reduces, and the water at low temperature of formation can be used for the second air-water heat exchanger to condense tobacco Dry indoor humid air, so as to help to dehumidify;And the high-temperature water obtained in heat storage water pot can have other purposes.
In further technical solution, by setting the first air-water heat exchanger, using water source hot water heat pump in heat The high-temperature water obtained in storage water pot, can be done tobacco using the high-temperature water in heat storage water pot at Tobacco drying initial stage Dry room is heated rapidly to predetermined temperature, and so as to which the high-temperature water for obtaining water source hot water heat pump is fully used, energy-saving effect is bright It is aobvious.
In further technical solution, by by the air inlet of the first refrigerant condenser of outlet of second circulation wind turbine Mouthful, the heat exchange between the first refrigerant condenser and Tobacco drying room can be accelerated, improve the efficiency of heating surface;Due to second circulation wind The outlet of machine further connects the first air-water heat exchanger, therefore, at Tobacco drying initial stage, can accelerate the first Air-Water and change Heat exchange between hot device and Tobacco drying room improves the efficiency of heating surface;Importantly, after Tobacco drying, humidity control The wholly off work such as molding block, temperature control modules, water source hot water heat pump, second circulation wind turbine start, the 5th water circulating pump Start, at this point, the heat of Tobacco drying room is recovered by the first air-water heat exchanger and is stored in heat storage water pot In, it can be used for the preheating at Tobacco drying initial stage or other purposes.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram of tobacco drying apparatus disclosed in the specific embodiment of the invention;
In attached drawing:
10 Tobacco drying rooms;11 first circulation water pumps;12 second circulation water pumps;13 third water circulating pumps;14 the 4th cycles Water pump;15 the 5th water circulating pumps;16 first the first air-water heat exchangers of air-water heat exchanger;17 second circulation wind turbines;20 is wet Spend control module;21 first circulation wind turbines;22 second air-water heat exchangers;23 gas-to-gas heat exchangers;30 temperature control modules;31 First refrigerant condenser;32 first refrigeration compressors;33 first evaporators;34 first refrigeration expansion valves;40 colds store water pot; 50 heat storage water pots;60 water source hot water heat pumps;61 second evaporators;62 second refrigeration compressors;63 second refrigerant condensers; 64 second refrigeration expansion valves.
Specific embodiment
It is to better understand the objects, features and advantages of the present invention, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific real Mode is applied the present invention is further described in detail.It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, the implementation of the application Feature in example and embodiment can be combined with each other.
It should be noted that herein, " first ", " second ", " third ", " the 4th ", " the 5th " are only used for distinguishing not Same component, it is impossible to as the restriction of component in itself.In addition, again in the case of being particularly limited to, " connection " herein can be It is directly connected to or is indirectly connected with;" connection " can be direct be connected or by being connected after other components;Gas- Gas heat exchanger refers to a kind of heat exchanger for exchanging heat between air and air, passes through the second air-water heat exchanger in present case After 22 coolings, air is cooled, and air after cooling and air heat-exchange before cooling, are exactly the heat exchange between gas and gas.
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of tobacco drying apparatus of the present embodiment, including Tobacco drying room 10, which is characterized in that further include Humidity control module 20 and temperature control modules 30, humidity control module 20 includes first circulation wind turbine 21, the second Air-Water changes Hot device 22 and gas-to-gas heat exchanger 23, the first inlet communication Tobacco drying room 10 of gas-to-gas heat exchanger 23, gas-to-gas heat exchanger 23 First outlet connects the air intlet of the second air-water heat exchanger 22, and the air outlet slit connection of the second air-water heat exchanger 22 is changed Second import of hot device 23, the second outlet of gas-to-gas heat exchanger 23 lead to Tobacco drying room 10, and first circulation wind turbine 21 is arranged on In turnover pipeline between humidity control module 20 and Tobacco drying room 10, for making the air in Tobacco drying room 10 in tobacco It is circulated between 10 and second air-water heat exchanger 22 of hothouse and gas-to-gas heat exchanger 23, it is preferable that first circulation wind turbine 21 are arranged between the second outlet of gas-to-gas heat exchanger 23 and Tobacco drying room 10, and the inlet communication of first circulation wind turbine 21 changes The second outlet of hot device 23, the outlet Tobacco drying room 10 of first circulation wind turbine 21;Temperature control modules 30 are included successively The first refrigerant condenser 31, the first refrigeration compressor 32, the first evaporator 33 and the first refrigeration expansion valve 34 of connection, first Refrigerant condenser 31 is located in Tobacco drying room 10, and working medium flows through the first refrigerant condenser 31, the first refrigeration compressor 32, first 33 and first refrigeration expansion valve 34 of evaporator simultaneously forms cycle, wherein, the effect of the first refrigerant condenser 31 is done with tobacco The air of dry room 10 carries out heat exchange, and the high temperature refrigerant flowed through in the first refrigerant condenser 31 discharges heat, and by high temperature herein Gas becomes liquid;The effect of first refrigeration compressor 32 is that the overheated gas sucked in the first evaporator 33 is compressed into high temperature height Body of calming the anger is discharged into the first refrigerant condenser 31;The effect of first evaporator 33 is that room temperature liquid refrigerant absorbs heat herein, becomes Overheated gas;First refrigeration expansion valve 34 is specifically as follows throttling set, and the first refrigerant condenser 31 is flowed out in effect Working medium becomes the gas-liquid two-phase body of low temperature.
Therefore, through the above technical solutions, when humidity control module 20 works, start first circulation wind turbine 21, this first Circulating fan 21 makes first import of the air through gas-to-gas heat exchanger 23 of Tobacco drying room 10 firstly flow through gas-to-gas heat exchanger 23 After high temperature side, the air intlet through second the second air-water heat exchanger of air-water heat exchanger 22 again passes through the second Air-Water and changes Hot device 22 is most sent back to tobacco after the low temperature side of gas-to-gas heat exchanger 23 is flowed through in the second import of gas-to-gas heat exchanger 23 afterwards Hothouse 10, due to the effect of the second air-water heat exchanger 22, the humid air of Tobacco drying room 10 is changed by the second Air-Water During hot device 22, contained humidity condensation in humid air (is at least partly condensed), it is achieved thereby that the temperature to Tobacco drying room 10 Control.Simultaneously as the air in Tobacco drying room 10 be 10 and second air-water heat exchanger 22 of Tobacco drying room and gas- It is circulated between gas heat exchanger 23, therefore, avoids tobacco flavor in humidity control process and arrange to air.In addition, due to cigarette The dry different phase of grass, the evaporation capacity of water is different in tobacco, and the relative humidity that Tobacco drying room 10 requires is also different, because This, different drying stages, the dehumidifying effect of humidity control module 20 must be variation, and can adjust first in the present embodiment follows The air quantity of ring wind turbine 21 controls moisture removal, when moisture removal requirement is big, air quantity that control passes through the second air-water heat exchanger 22 Greatly, when moisture removal requirement is small, control is small by the air quantity of second the second air-water heat exchanger of air-water heat exchanger 22.First The air quantity adjusting of circulating fan 21 can be realized by adjusting the frequency of circulating fan 11.
In said program, since temperature control modules 30 include sequentially connected first refrigerant condenser 31, first refrigeration Compressor 32, the first evaporator 33 and the first refrigeration expansion valve 34, the first refrigerant condenser 31 are located in Tobacco drying room 10, When temperature control modules 30 work, Tobacco drying room 10 obtains heat, Tobacco drying room 10 from the first refrigerant condenser 31 Temperature raising.By in this present embodiment, there is provided relatively independent humidity control modules 20 and temperature control modules 30 so that The temperature and humidity of Tobacco drying room 10 can be independently controlled, it, can be according to drying in each stage of Tobacco drying It is required that the temperature and humidity of independent control Tobacco drying room 10.Table 1 is traditional tobacco drying temperature and humidity requirement.
Table 1, traditional tobacco drying temperature and humidity requirement table
Therefore, according to traditional Tobacco drying temperature and humidity requirement, by the invention it is possible to independent control Tobacco drying The temperature and humidity of room 10, so that the mouthfeel after Tobacco drying is at least not in significant change, it might even be possible to keep or More than the mouthfeel of tobacco after traditional drying mode (as toasted) drying.
In said program, it is preferable that the tobacco drying apparatus further includes cold storage water pot 40, cold storage water pot 40 First water outlet connects the water inlet of the first evaporator 33 by first circulation water pump 11, and the water outlet of the first evaporator 33 leads to Cold stores water pot 40.By the way that cold is set to store water pot 40 and first circulation water pump 11, when temperature control modules 30 work, First circulation water pump 11 is by the water in cold storage water pot 40 cyclically after cold storage water pot 40 flows to the first evaporator 33 Return to cold storage water pot 40 so that coolant-temperature gage reduces in cold storage water pot 40, and the temperature of Tobacco drying room 10 increases, cold Water at low temperature is also used as other purposes uses in amount storage water pot 40.
In said program, the refrigerant of second the second air-water heat exchanger of air-water heat exchanger 22 can be provided specially, On the basis of aforementioned schemes, it is preferable that the second water outlet of cold storage water pot 40 connects second by second circulation water pump 12 The water inlet of the second air-water heat exchanger of air-water heat exchanger 22, second the second air-water heat exchanger of air-water heat exchanger 22 Water outlet lead to cold storage water pot 40.With this solution, the water at low temperature generated by temperature control modules 30 can be used for Second the second air-water heat exchanger of air-water heat exchanger 22, so as to condense the humid air of Tobacco drying room 10, cigarette is realized in help The humid control of careless hothouse 10 saves the energy.
In said program, it is preferable that the tobacco drying apparatus further includes heat storage water pot 50 and water source hot water heat pump 60, Water source hot water heat pump 60 include sequentially connected second evaporator 61, the second refrigeration compressor 62, the second refrigerant condenser 63 and Second refrigeration expansion valve 64;The third water outlet of cold storage water pot 40 connects the second evaporator 61 by third water circulating pump 13 Water inlet, the water outlet of the second evaporator 61 leads to cold storage water pot 40;First water outlet of heat storage water pot 50 leads to The water inlet that the 4th water circulating pump 14 connects the second refrigerant condenser 63 is crossed, the water outlet of the second refrigerant condenser 63 leads to heat Store water pot 50.With temperature control modules 30 similarly, working medium flows through the second evaporator 61, the second refrigeration compressor 62, second 63 and second refrigeration expansion valve 64 of refrigerant condenser simultaneously forms cycle, wherein, the effect of the second evaporator 61 is room temperature liquid work Matter absorbs heat herein, becomes overheated gas;The effect of second refrigeration compressor 62 is the overheat sucked in the second evaporator 61 Gas compression is discharged into the second refrigerant condenser 63 into high temperature and high pressure gas;The effect of second refrigerant condenser 63 is and heat storage The water that water pot 50 exports carries out heat exchange, and the high temperature refrigerant flowed through in the second refrigerant condenser 63 discharges heat, and by height herein Wet body becomes liquid;Second refrigeration expansion valve 64 is specifically as follows throttling set, and effect is by the second refrigerant condenser 63 The working medium of outflow becomes the gas-liquid two-phase body of low temperature.Meanwhile the water that third water circulating pump 13 stores cold in water pot 40 recycles Ground is returned to cold storage water pot 40 after being flowed to from cold storage water pot 40 to the second evaporator 61;4th water circulating pump 14 will be warm Water in amount storage water pot 50 is returned to heat storage after cyclically being flowed to from heat storage water pot 50 to the second refrigerant condenser 63 Water storage tank 50, according to heat pump operation principle, when water source hot water heat pump 60 works, the heat contained by cold storage water pot 40 is transferred Into heat storage water pot 50, cold storage water pot 40 in coolant-temperature gage constantly reduce, and in heat storage water pot 50 water temperature Constantly rise.Therefore, by setting water source hot water heat pump 60, the coolant-temperature gage that cold is stored in water pot 40 further reduces, and is formed Water at low temperature can be used for the second air-water heat exchanger 22 to condense the humid air in Tobacco drying room 10, so as to help to dehumidify;And The high-temperature water obtained in heat storage water pot 50 can have other purposes.
In said program, it is preferable that the tobacco drying apparatus further includes the first air-water heat exchanger 16, heat storage water Second water outlet of tank 50 connects the water inlet of the first air-water heat exchanger 16, the first Air-Water by the 5th water circulating pump 15 The water outlet of heat exchanger 16 leads to heat storage water pot 50, and the first air-water heat exchanger 16 is located in Tobacco drying room 10.Pass through The program, the high-temperature water obtained in heat storage water pot 50 using water source hot water heat pump 60 can be at Tobacco drying initial stage, profit Tobacco drying room 10 is heated rapidly to predetermined temperature by the high-temperature water in the mount of using heat storage water pot 50, so as to make water source hot water heat pump 60 high-temperature water obtained are fully used, and energy-saving effect is apparent.
In said program, it is preferable that the tobacco drying apparatus further includes second circulation wind turbine 17, second circulation wind turbine 17 Inlet communication Tobacco drying room 10, the air inlet of the first refrigerant condenser of outlet 31 of second circulation wind turbine 17, the first system The gas outlet of cool condenser 31 connects the air inlet of the first air-water heat exchanger 16, the gas outlet of the first air-water heat exchanger 16 Lead to Tobacco drying room 10.It, can be with by by the air inlet of the first refrigerant condenser of outlet 31 of second circulation wind turbine 17 Accelerate the heat exchange between the first refrigerant condenser 31 and Tobacco drying room 10, improve the efficiency of heating surface;Due to second circulation wind turbine 17 outlet further connects the first air-water heat exchanger 16, therefore, at Tobacco drying initial stage, can accelerate the first Air-Water Heat exchange between heat exchanger 16 and Tobacco drying room 10 improves the efficiency of heating surface;Importantly, after Tobacco drying, The wholly off work such as humidity control module 20, temperature control modules 30, water source hot water heat pump 60, second circulation wind turbine 17 open Dynamic, the 5th water circulating pump 15 starts, at this point, the heat of Tobacco drying room 10 is recovered simultaneously by the first air-water heat exchanger 16 And be stored in heat storage water pot 50, it can be used for the preheating at Tobacco drying initial stage or other purposes.
It should be noted that aforementioned second air-water heat exchanger 22 is to be done using the heat exchange of air and water with cooling down tobacco Contained moisture in the humid air of dry room 10, the first air-water heat exchanger 16 is also with the heat exchange of air and water with by heat The heat transfer in water pot 50 is stored to Tobacco drying room 10 or by the heat recovery in Tobacco drying room 10 to heat storage water Tank 50, but for its essence, the second air-water heat exchanger 22 and the first air-water heat exchanger 16 are to utilize air and water It exchanges heat, therefore, identical structure may be used in the first air-water heat exchanger 16 and the second air-water heat exchanger 22, For example, use air-water heat exchanger.
In said program, it is preferable that humidity control module 20, temperature control modules 30, water source hot water heat pump 60 are all logical Cross electric drive.It thus is avoided that and is discharged in the prior art by exhaust gas caused by baked by using fire coal.
The step of preferred embodiment described in attached drawing 1 of the present invention carries out Tobacco drying is as follows:
(1) when stacking the tobacco for needing drying to Tobacco drying room 10, start water source hot water heat pump 60, cold storage water Coolant-temperature gage declines in tank 40, and coolant-temperature gage increases in heat storage water pot 50.
(2) starting Tobacco drying initial stage, second circulation wind turbine 17 starts, the 5th water circulating pump 15 starts, and utilizes heat Tobacco drying room 10 is heated rapidly to predetermined temperature by the hot water in storage water pot 50.
(3) after 50 water temperature of heat storage water pot is reduced to set temperature, the 5th water circulating pump 15 is out of service, starts temperature Control module 30 is spent, i.e. second circulation water pump 12 starts, and the first refrigeration compressor 32 starts.
(4) humidity control module 20 requires automatic startup according to the humidity of Tobacco drying room 10, starts the side with control Method is that first circulation wind turbine 21 starts, and third water circulating pump 13 starts, and the running frequency of first circulation wind turbine 21 is done according to tobacco The humidity variation automatic adjustment of dry room 10.
(5) after Tobacco drying, humidity control module 20, temperature control modules 30, water source hot water heat pump 60 etc. are complete Portion is stopped, and second circulation wind turbine 17 starts, and the 5th water circulating pump 15 starts, at this point, the heat of Tobacco drying room 10 passes through First air-water heat exchanger 16 is recovered and is stored in heat storage water pot 50.
The tobacco drying apparatus of present invention embodiment shown in FIG. 1 has the following advantages that:
(1) drying process carries out in confined conditions, and the smell of tobacco is kept, and drying process is not by atmospheric environment shadow It rings;
(2) it is estimated through design, drying cost declines more than 30%.
(3) after dry, force ventilated mode is taken to cool down, cooling time is saved;
(4) drying process temperature and humidity can be fully according to traditional temperature, humidity with independent control, Tobacco drying Controlling curve carries out, and mouthfeel and the tradition of tobacco are consistent;
(5) drying equipment utilizes pure driven by power, and drying process does not generate any pollutant;
(6) equipment automatically controls, and equipment is saved a large amount of artificial without manually nursing.
It these are only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, be not intended to restrict the invention, for those skilled in the art For member, the invention may be variously modified and varied.Any modification for all within the spirits and principles of the present invention, being made, Equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of tobacco drying apparatus, including Tobacco drying room (10), which is characterized in that further include humidity control module (20) and Temperature control modules (30), the humidity control module (20) include first circulation wind turbine (21), the second air-water heat exchanger (22) and gas-to-gas heat exchanger (23), Tobacco drying room (10) described in the first inlet communication of the gas-to-gas heat exchanger (23), institute The first outlet for stating gas-to-gas heat exchanger (23) connects the air intlet of second air-water heat exchanger (22), and described second is empty The air outlet slit of air-water heat exchanger (22) connects the second import of the gas-to-gas heat exchanger (23), the gas-to-gas heat exchanger (23) second outlet leads to the Tobacco drying room (10), and the first circulation wind turbine (21) is for making Tobacco drying room (10) Interior air is between the Tobacco drying room (10) and second air-water heat exchanger (22) and gas-to-gas heat exchanger (23) It circulates;The temperature control modules (30) include sequentially connected first refrigerant condenser (31), the first refrigeration compressor (32), the first evaporator (33) and the first refrigeration expansion valve (34), first refrigerant condenser (31) is positioned at the tobacco In hothouse (10);Cold storage water pot (40) is further included, the first water outlet of the cold storage water pot (40) passes through first Water circulating pump (11) connects the water inlet of first evaporator (33), and the water outlet of first evaporator (33) leads to described Cold storage water pot (40);Further include heat storage water pot (50) and water source hot water heat pump (60), the water source hot water heat pump (60) including sequentially connected second evaporator (61), the second refrigeration compressor (62), the second refrigerant condenser (63) and second Refrigeration expansion valve (64);The third water outlet of cold storage water pot (40) connects described the by third water circulating pump (13) The water inlet of two evaporators (61), the water outlet of second evaporator (61) lead to the cold storage water pot (40);It is described First water outlet of heat storage water pot (50) connects second refrigerant condenser (63) by the 4th water circulating pump (14) Water inlet, the water outlet of second refrigerant condenser (63) lead to the heat storage water pot (50).
2. tobacco drying apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the second of the cold storage water pot (40) goes out The mouth of a river connects the water inlet of second air-water heat exchanger (22), second Air-Water by second circulation water pump (12) The water outlet of heat exchanger (22) leads to the cold storage water pot (40).
3. tobacco drying apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first air-water heat exchanger (16) is further included, Second water outlet of the heat storage water pot (50) connects first air-water heat exchanger by the 5th water circulating pump (15) (16) water inlet, the water outlet of first air-water heat exchanger (16) lead to the heat storage water pot (50), and described One air-water heat exchanger (16) is in the Tobacco drying room (10).
4. tobacco drying apparatus according to claim 3, which is characterized in that second circulation wind turbine (17) is further included, it is described The inlet communication Tobacco drying room (10) of second circulation wind turbine (17), described in the outlet of the second circulation wind turbine (17) The air inlet of one refrigerant condenser (31), the gas outlet of first refrigerant condenser (31) connect first Air-Water and change The Tobacco drying room (10) is led in the air inlet of hot device (16), the gas outlet of first air-water heat exchanger (16).
CN201610393069.4A 2016-06-03 2016-06-03 A kind of tobacco drying apparatus Active CN106016989B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610393069.4A CN106016989B (en) 2016-06-03 2016-06-03 A kind of tobacco drying apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610393069.4A CN106016989B (en) 2016-06-03 2016-06-03 A kind of tobacco drying apparatus

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106016989A CN106016989A (en) 2016-10-12
CN106016989B true CN106016989B (en) 2018-07-10

Family

ID=57090675

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610393069.4A Active CN106016989B (en) 2016-06-03 2016-06-03 A kind of tobacco drying apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106016989B (en)

Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106690393A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-24 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Tobacco curing barn
CN106690394A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-24 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Quick dehumidifying and blowing type tobacco curing chamber
CN106723270A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-31 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Dehumidification system and application process between a kind of tobacco roasting
CN106617250A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-10 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Efficient tobacco curing barn
CN106723268A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-31 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 A kind of automatic sun can control to detect tobacco flue-curing house
CN106723269A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-31 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 A kind of multiple refrigeration system for tobacco flue-curing house dehumidifying
CN106723266A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-31 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 A kind of heating system between tobacco roasting
CN106723267A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-31 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 A kind of energy-saving mobile automatically controls tobacco flue-curing house
CN106617249A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-10 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Regional rail conveying type auto-control tobacco curing barn
CN111578624A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-25 大连海洋大学 Multifunctional cooperative self-adaptive drying system and drying method
CN111678303A (en) * 2020-07-01 2020-09-18 山东东工新能源科技有限公司 Heat exchange drying device

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201770692U (en) * 2010-04-01 2011-03-23 宏芳香料(昆山)有限公司 Device for drying spice
CN201903263U (en) * 2010-07-16 2011-07-20 天津市国民制药机械有限公司 High-temperature heat pump drying device
CN202485379U (en) * 2012-03-23 2012-10-10 陕西科林能源发展股份有限公司 High-temperature heat pump drying system
JP2013002776A (en) * 2011-06-20 2013-01-07 Mayekawa Mfg Co Ltd Control device and control method of wood drying apparatus
CN103175382A (en) * 2011-12-26 2013-06-26 中国科学院理化技术研究所 Heat pump drying system
CN205690812U (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-11-16 马军 A kind of tobacco drying apparatus

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201770692U (en) * 2010-04-01 2011-03-23 宏芳香料(昆山)有限公司 Device for drying spice
CN201903263U (en) * 2010-07-16 2011-07-20 天津市国民制药机械有限公司 High-temperature heat pump drying device
JP2013002776A (en) * 2011-06-20 2013-01-07 Mayekawa Mfg Co Ltd Control device and control method of wood drying apparatus
CN103175382A (en) * 2011-12-26 2013-06-26 中国科学院理化技术研究所 Heat pump drying system
CN202485379U (en) * 2012-03-23 2012-10-10 陕西科林能源发展股份有限公司 High-temperature heat pump drying system
CN205690812U (en) * 2016-06-03 2016-11-16 马军 A kind of tobacco drying apparatus

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN106016989A (en) 2016-10-12

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106016989B (en) A kind of tobacco drying apparatus
CN104720089B (en) Closed barn for tobacco flue-curing
CN205048940U (en) Drying and dehumidification unit
CN103940007A (en) Direct evaporation type water-cooling fresh air unit
CN201368542Y (en) Heat-pipe type fresh air dehumidifier
CN206347779U (en) A kind of Domestic dehumidifying drying integral machine
CN205690812U (en) A kind of tobacco drying apparatus
CN203798116U (en) Multifunctional dryer
CN204063373U (en) Multi-stage heat reclaims Fresh air handing device
CN205784468U (en) A kind of dual temperature type Split heat pump drying device
CN103868271B (en) Double electronic expansion-valve heat pump dehumidification dryer
CN105240962A (en) Water-cooled temperature-adjusting dehumidifier wide in air temperature range
CN207831891U (en) A kind of efficient physical dehumidifying heat pump drying unit
CN110895100A (en) Heat pump unit adopting variable-frequency heat pump subsystem, tobacco leaf baking device and method
CN105240963A (en) Novel air cooling temperature adjustment dehumidifier
CN104006648A (en) Multi-heat-source-supplied multi-barn independent baking device
CN207831892U (en) A kind of efficient physical Multi-functional dehumidifying heat pump drying unit
CN203501550U (en) Integrated air-driven heat pump unit for fan coil
CN203132308U (en) Various-heat-source-heat-supply multi-baking-chamber independent baking device
CN101109599A (en) Drying machinery suite using air conditioner condensing heat and air conditioning system with it
CN106196344A (en) A kind of energy-saving air handling unit group
CN207649412U (en) A kind of easy-to-dismount heat exchange device for air
CN207299334U (en) A kind of heat pump precooling-reheating type air-treatment unit
CN205227603U (en) Novel air -cooling temperature adjustment dehumidifier
CN205048943U (en) Novel dehumidifying heat pump drying unit

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant