CN104720089B - Closed barn for tobacco flue-curing - Google Patents

Closed barn for tobacco flue-curing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104720089B
CN104720089B CN201410840249.3A CN201410840249A CN104720089B CN 104720089 B CN104720089 B CN 104720089B CN 201410840249 A CN201410840249 A CN 201410840249A CN 104720089 B CN104720089 B CN 104720089B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
barn
equipment room
cigarette
curing
closed
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410840249.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104720089A (en
Inventor
陈伟
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云南中海路德清洁技术有限公司
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Priority to CN201410840249.3A priority Critical patent/CN104720089B/en
Publication of CN104720089A publication Critical patent/CN104720089A/en
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Publication of CN104720089B publication Critical patent/CN104720089B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B3/00Preparing tobacco in the factory
    • A24B3/10Roasting or cooling tobacco

Abstract

The invention belongs to tobacco flue-curing technical field, be specifically related to a kind of closed barn for tobacco flue-curing, including equipment room and cigarette-filling house, described equipment room and cigarette-filling house are airtight.The overall process of tobacco flue-curing is carried out in the closed barn do not windowed, and the Changing Regulation of Aroma Materials volatilized and other gas componant being of value to raising tobacco flue-curing quality is fixed in closed barn, thus improves baking quality of tobacco in Tobacco Leaf Curing;And avoid the loss of barn moisture-removing air-flow waste heat, to realize the energy-saving and emission-reduction of tobacco flue-curing.

Description

Closed barn for tobacco flue-curing

Technical field

The invention belongs to tobacco flue-curing technical field, be specifically related to a kind of closed barn for tobacco flue-curing.

Background technology

The baking of Nicotiana tabacum L. is a vital step in Nicotiana tabacum L. modulation, is to determine the pass that Nicotiana tabacum L. final mass is good and bad Key.The roasting mode of tradition Nicotiana tabacum L. is based on earth roasting house and bulk curing barn, owing to both modes were being toasted Journey uses open dehumidifying mode, not only causes substantial amounts of oil content in Nicotiana tabacum L. to discharge together with aroma substance, And decrease Nicotiana tabacum L. oil content and aroma quality, have impact on quality of tobacco.

Summary of the invention

For the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of closed barn for tobacco flue-curing, make The baking overall process of Nicotiana tabacum L. is carried out in airtight environment.

The technical scheme is that and be achieved in that: a kind of closed barn for tobacco flue-curing, including Equipment room and cigarette-filling house, described equipment room and cigarette-filling house are airtight.

The overall process of tobacco flue-curing is carried out in the closed barn do not windowed, and will volatilize in Tobacco Leaf Curing The Changing Regulation of Aroma Materials gone out and other gas componant being of value to raising tobacco flue-curing quality are fixed on closed and bake In room, thus improve baking quality of tobacco;And avoid the loss of barn moisture-removing air-flow waste heat, to realize Nicotiana tabacum L. The energy-saving and emission-reduction of baking.

In order to preferably play the function of closed barn, between described equipment room and cigarette-filling house, it is provided with dividing plate, Between this equipment room with this cigarette-filling house, air outlet and return air inlet by being arranged on dividing plate connect;Described equipment In be provided with for barn heat supply and moisture outside row high-temperature dehumidification heat pump all-in-one, this high-temperature dehumidification Heat pump all-in-one include compressor, gas-liquid separator, condenser, auxiliary condenser, vaporizer, cross valve, Heat exchanger and outer circulation blower fan, described high-temperature dehumidification heat pump all-in-one is terminated with interior circulating fan, lower end Connecting with return air inlet, described interior circulating fan is connected with air outlet by supply air duct;Described auxiliary condenser Bottom connects drip tray, and this drip tray connects drainage pipeline, and the end of this drainage pipeline is placed in outdoor. High-temperature dehumidification heat pump all-in-one is utilized to arrange outside closed barn heat supply and moisture, this high-temperature dehumidification heat pump one Machine also has cooling function, it is ensured that temperature constant in barn, is beneficial to the lifting of baking quality of tobacco.

Further, in order to meet the needs in tobacco flue-curing biochemical reactions, in equipment room or cigarette-filling house Body of wall open and close type be set lead to oxygen hole, control oxygen and the component content of carbon dioxide in barn.

More preferably, described equipment room and cigarette-filling house are removably built by light heat insulation material, have It is beneficial to the transport of material, it is simple to barn is built and the reusing of material.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is high-temperature dehumidification heat pump all-in-one operating diagram under heating mode;

Fig. 3 is high-temperature dehumidification heat pump all-in-one operating diagram under dehumidification mode;

Fig. 4 is high-temperature dehumidification heat pump all-in-one operating diagram under temperature constant pattern;

In figure: 1-equipment room, 2-cigarette-filling house, 3-compressor, 4-auxiliary condenser, 5-heat exchanger, 6- Condenser, circulating fan in 7-, 8-supply air duct, 9-air outlet, 10-return air inlet, 11-outer circulation air intake Mouthful, 12-vaporizer, 13-outer circulation blower fan, 14-equipment return air inlet, 15-electric door, 16-drip tray, 17- Drainage pipeline, 18-high-temperature dehumidification heat pump all-in-one, 19-cigarette frame, 20-dividing plate, 21-throttling arrangement.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clearly Chu, be fully described by, it is clear that described embodiment be only a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than Whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making creation The every other embodiment obtained under property work premise, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.

The closed barn for tobacco flue-curing as shown in Figure 1, including airtight equipment room 1 and airtight Cigarette-filling house 2, is provided with dividing plate 20 between equipment room 1 and cigarette-filling house 2, logical between equipment room 1 and cigarette-filling house 2 Cross the air outlet 9 being arranged on dividing plate 20 and return air inlet 10 communicates;It is provided with for barn in equipment room 1 The high-temperature dehumidification heat pump all-in-one 18 of row outside heat supply and moisture, high-temperature dehumidification heat pump all-in-one 18 includes pressure Contracting machine 3, gas-liquid separator, condenser 6, auxiliary condenser 4, vaporizer 12, cross valve, heat exchanger 5 and outer circulation blower fan 13, high-temperature dehumidification heat pump all-in-one 18 is terminated with interior circulating fan 7, lower end with return Air port 10 connects, and interior circulating fan 7 is connected with air outlet 9 by supply air duct 8;Bottom auxiliary condenser Being also associated with drip tray 16, drip tray 16 connects has drainage pipeline 17, the end of drainage pipeline 17 to be placed in room Outward.

Equipment room 1 wall offers the open and close type carrying out ventilating for moment and leads to oxygen hole.

Detachable movable cigarette frame 19 it is additionally provided with in cigarette-filling house 2.On the one hand the installation and removal of cigarette frame are conducive to, On the other hand the Nicotiana tabacum L. to different cultivars, different parts can do spacing regulation the most on the same stage.

Interior circulating fan 7 uses centrifugal fan.Centrifugal blower has the advantages that blast is big, lift is remote, can Effectively solve the drawback that axial-flow type circulating fan exists.

Gas-liquid separator uses the gas-liquid separator with regenerative apparatus, to increase the overheated of compressor 3 return-air Degree, it is ensured that return-air is gaseous state, prevents compressor 3 from liquid hit phenomenon occur, and can increase condenser 6 outlet system The degree of supercooling of cryogen, improves throttle efficiency.

Heat exchanger 5 uses crossflow heat exchanger.Gas and the dehumidifying of cross flow heat exchanger is entered from barn The gas that rear temperature reduces carries out heat exchange, barn the gas entered can be improved dehumidification rate by pre-cooling, removes Gas after wet is preheated and can improve intensification efficiency.

Equipment room 1 and cigarette-filling house 2 use total closed type structure, light thermal insulation board removably build Form.Its material optimization polyurethane composite sandwich panel, thickness is not less than 50mm, warming plate is reserved with installation Hole and connector, warming plate as required, is connected by scene by connector bolt or screw are fixing.Should Material is light, good heat preservation performance, easy installation and removal, overcomes the fixing building structure mode of traditional baking chamber. Cigarette frame 19 can be steel, panel beating or aluminium alloy extrusions, can carry out expanding according to cigarette-filling house 2 size The installation of exhibition.Compressor 3 is to use vortex compressor, piston compressor or screw pressure Contracting machine;Employing scroll compressor preferential for small unit.Condenser 6 is by base tube and is arranged on base tube Fin composition;Base tube can use bronzing pipe or inner screw thread copper pipe;Fin is aluminum, copper product, and fin is permissible It is that corrugated plate, sun-roof or ripple are sun-roof etc..

The operation principle of this closed barn being used for tobacco flue-curing is: connect between insulation closed barn body of wall Structure Integral sealing, the heat that heating equipment provides is sent into cigarette-filling house, heat by centrifugal fan by air channel Cigarette-filling house's wall, ceiling and bottom surface will not be passed through run off.Needed for different phase in Tobacco Leaf Curing The difference asked, roasting plant can provide intensification, dehumidify, three kinds of modes of lowering the temperature to be to meet tobacco flue-curing demand.

As in figure 2 it is shown, in the temperature rise period, cold-producing medium, under compressor 3 acts on, is converted to High Temperature High Pressure system Refrigerant gas, high-temperature high-pressure refrigerant gas arrives condenser 6 by copper pipe, and liquefaction has heat to release, and passes through The further liquidation exothermic reaction of auxiliary condenser 4 is entered, by circulating fan 7 and the most mixed wind air channel 8 after cross valve Heat is sent into barn.High-temperature high-pressure refrigerant gas is exothermic condensation in condenser 6 and auxiliary condenser 4 For the refrigerant liquid of High Temperature High Pressure, enter into by becoming low-temperature low-pressure refrigerant liquid after throttling arrangement 21 In vaporizer 12.Now, the outer blower fan 13 in external circulating system runs the gas at normal temperature in external environment condition Sucking internal circulation system, the latent heat of normal temperature air is absorbed after vaporizer 12, is entered into refrigerant cycle In system.Now low-temp low-pressure liquid refrigerant is evaporated to low-temp low-pressure gaseous refrigerant, in vaporizer The low-temp low-pressure gaseous refrigerant completing heat absorption work returns to compressor 3, completes an outer loop.

As it is shown on figure 3, arrange the stage outside Nicotiana tabacum L. needs moisture, equipment is converted to run dehumidification mode.By cold Condenser 6 middle temperature high pressure refrigerant liquid out, enters vaporizer 12, outside under the effect of circulating fan 13 Heat exchange, regulation barn humiture balance is carried out with surrounding air.Then cold-producing medium passes through throttling arrangement 21 turns Being changed to Low temperature low pressure liquid, low-temp low-pressure liquid refrigerant enters auxiliary condenser 4, to the height entered by barn Temperature highly humid air dehumidifies.Gas in barn under the driving of interior circulating fan 7, wet within barn Hot-air, through return air inlet 10 forced refluence, increases moisture reflux speed, flows through from the high temperature moisture of barn backflow Being placed in the auxiliary condenser 4 of device interior, vaporous water steam is liquefied as cooling water, cooling water inflow drip tray 16, it is discharged to outdoor through drainage pipeline 17.Entered condenser 6 by auxiliary condenser 4 out middle wet body to enter Row heats up, and becomes dry hot blast, is finally passed through air channel 8 by hot blast by air outlet 9 by interior circulating fan 7 Deliver to barn, Nicotiana tabacum L. is toasted, complete dehumidifying circulation.Due to barn and device structure Integral sealing, Inner air does not have heat and air-flow exchange with external environment, therefore flows into the Nicotiana tabacum L. of equipment room through return air inlet 10 Fragrance is sent back to again barn through air channel 8 and interior circulating fan 7, improves tobacco incense tolerance.

As shown in Figure 4, Nicotiana tabacum L. cooking process needs to maintain constant temperature humidity to carry out tobacco flue-curing, due to Nicotiana tabacum L. Baking early stage has Nicotiana tabacum L. spontaneous heating phenomenon, meets Nicotiana tabacum L. by the cooling function of high-temperature dehumidification heat pump all-in-one Constant temperature moisture requirement in baking process.Particularly as follows: when in barn temperature higher than be actually needed baking temperature time, Refrigerant compression is high temperature and high pressure gas by compressor 3, is directly entered vaporizer 10, through throttling arrangement 21 Rear entrance auxiliary condenser 4, dehumidifies to barn hot and humid gas, and the dry air that after dehumidifying, temperature reduces returns To barn, in order to neutralize in barn due to the spontaneous thermogenetic waste heat of Nicotiana tabacum L., reach barn temperature constant Purpose.

The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all at this Within bright spirit and principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvement etc. made, should be included in this Within bright protection domain.

Claims (5)

1. for a closed barn for tobacco flue-curing, including equipment room (1) and cigarette-filling house (2), its feature It is: described equipment room (1) and cigarette-filling house (2) are airtight;Described equipment room (1) and cigarette-filling house (2) it Between be provided with dividing plate (20), by being arranged on going out on dividing plate (20) between this equipment room (1) and this cigarette-filling house (2) Air port (9) connects with return air inlet (10);It is provided with in described equipment room (1) for the supply of barn heat and moisture High-temperature dehumidification heat pump all-in-one (18) of outer row, this high-temperature dehumidification heat pump all-in-one (18) include compressor (3), Gas-liquid separator, condenser (6), auxiliary condenser (4), vaporizer (12), cross valve, heat exchanger (5) With outer circulation blower fan (13), described high-temperature dehumidification heat pump all-in-one (18) is terminated with interior circulating fan (7), under End connects with return air inlet (10), and described interior circulating fan (7) is connected with air outlet (9) by supply air duct (8); Described auxiliary condenser (4) bottom connects drip tray (16), and this drip tray (16) connects drainage pipeline (17), the end of this drainage pipeline (17) is placed in outdoor;The wall of described equipment room (1) or cigarette-filling house (2) sets Open and close type is had to lead to oxygen hole.
Closed barn the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described interior circulating fan (7) For centrifugal fan.
Closed barn the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described gas-liquid separator is band There is the gas-liquid separator of regenerative apparatus.
Closed barn the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described heat exchanger (5) is Crossflow heat exchanger.
Closed barn the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described equipment room (1) and dress Smoke-box (2) is built by light heat insulation material is the most integrally closed.
CN201410840249.3A 2014-12-30 2014-12-30 Closed barn for tobacco flue-curing CN104720089B (en)

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CN201410840249.3A CN104720089B (en) 2014-12-30 2014-12-30 Closed barn for tobacco flue-curing

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410840249.3A CN104720089B (en) 2014-12-30 2014-12-30 Closed barn for tobacco flue-curing

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CN104720089B true CN104720089B (en) 2016-10-05

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106942778A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-07-14 河南芳捷农业发展有限公司 A kind of monoblock type hydrofuge recuperation of heat tobacco leaf drying room

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105146705B (en) * 2015-09-18 2017-01-18 云南省烟草公司大理州公司 Method for baking tobacco leaves of honghua dajinyuan (Chinese character) variety by use of closed tobacco curing barn
CN105928352A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-09-07 广州能之原科技股份有限公司 Flower drying and flower essential oil extracting device and process
CN105823324A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-08-03 广州能之原科技股份有限公司 Closed inner circulation type tobacco drying device
CN106723267A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-31 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 A kind of energy-saving mobile automatically controls tobacco flue-curing house
CN106690393A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-05-24 中国烟草总公司广东省公司 Tobacco curing barn
CN106942777B (en) * 2017-03-22 2018-06-26 河南芳捷农业发展有限公司 A kind of heat pump tobacco leaf drying room with heat pipe recycling hydrofuge heat
CN107136551B (en) * 2017-05-31 2018-10-16 河南芳捷农业发展有限公司 A kind of enclosed hydrofuge and the hot air combined heat pump tobacco leaf drying room used of open type

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FR2499221A1 (en) * 1981-02-02 1982-08-06 Fra Eco Controlled temp. and humidity chamber for food prods. etc. - has external heat pump and internal evaporator in parallel with heat pump evaporator
CN201926258U (en) * 2011-02-22 2011-08-10 成都东和工业有限责任公司 Condensation and dehumidification baking device adopting air source heat pump for heating
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CN203416802U (en) * 2013-03-06 2014-02-05 东莞市正旭新能源设备科技有限公司 Intelligent energy-saving and humidity-removal integrated curing barn for cured tobaccos
CN204027277U (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-12-17 广东都灵新能源科技有限公司 The special interior circulating condensing dehumidification system of a kind of barn
CN204444213U (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-07-08 云南中海路德科技有限公司 For the closed barn of tobacco flue-curing

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FR2499221A1 (en) * 1981-02-02 1982-08-06 Fra Eco Controlled temp. and humidity chamber for food prods. etc. - has external heat pump and internal evaporator in parallel with heat pump evaporator
CN201926258U (en) * 2011-02-22 2011-08-10 成都东和工业有限责任公司 Condensation and dehumidification baking device adopting air source heat pump for heating
CN103099302A (en) * 2013-03-06 2013-05-15 东莞市正旭新能源设备科技有限公司 Intelligent energy-saving dehumidification integrated curing barn for curing tobaccos
CN203234016U (en) * 2013-03-06 2013-10-16 东莞市正旭新能源设备科技有限公司 Moisture-heat-removing recycling multi-purposed type heat pump barn used for tobacco baking
CN203416802U (en) * 2013-03-06 2014-02-05 东莞市正旭新能源设备科技有限公司 Intelligent energy-saving and humidity-removal integrated curing barn for cured tobaccos
CN204027277U (en) * 2014-06-30 2014-12-17 广东都灵新能源科技有限公司 The special interior circulating condensing dehumidification system of a kind of barn
CN204444213U (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-07-08 云南中海路德科技有限公司 For the closed barn of tobacco flue-curing

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106942778A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-07-14 河南芳捷农业发展有限公司 A kind of monoblock type hydrofuge recuperation of heat tobacco leaf drying room
CN106942778B (en) * 2017-03-22 2018-06-26 河南芳捷农业发展有限公司 A kind of monoblock type hydrofuge recuperation of heat tobacco leaf drying room

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