CN106014203A - High-speed hydraulic drill with two engines - Google Patents

High-speed hydraulic drill with two engines Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106014203A
CN106014203A CN201610317487.5A CN201610317487A CN106014203A CN 106014203 A CN106014203 A CN 106014203A CN 201610317487 A CN201610317487 A CN 201610317487A CN 106014203 A CN106014203 A CN 106014203A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
described
end
hinged
mechanism
drilling
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CN201610317487.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106014203B (en
Inventor
邹晴
余光伟
冯洁
廖静柯
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重庆勤牛工程机械有限责任公司
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Priority to CN201610317487.5A priority Critical patent/CN106014203B/en
Publication of CN106014203A publication Critical patent/CN106014203A/en
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Publication of CN106014203B publication Critical patent/CN106014203B/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B15/00Derricks; Masts; Other supports
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B17/00Drilling rods or pipes; Flexible drill strings; Kellies; Drill collars; Sucker rods ; Cables; Casings; Tubings
    • E21B17/10Wear protectors; Centralising devices, e.g. stabilisers
    • E21B17/1014Flexible or expansible centering means, e.g. with pistons pressing against the wall of the well
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick
    • E21B19/08Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables; Apparatus for increasing or decreasing the pressure on the drilling tool; Apparatus for counterbalancing the weight of the rods
    • E21B19/084Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables; Apparatus for increasing or decreasing the pressure on the drilling tool; Apparatus for counterbalancing the weight of the rods with flexible drawing means, e.g. cables
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick
    • E21B19/14Racks, ramps, troughs or bins, for holding the lengths of rod singly or connected; Handling between storage place and borehole
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick
    • E21B19/18Connecting or disconnecting drill bit and drilling pipe
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B21/00Methods or apparatus for flushing boreholes, e.g. by use of exhaust air from motor
    • E21B21/01Arrangements for handling drilling fluids or cuttings outside the borehole, e.g. mud boxes
    • E21B21/015Means engaging the bore entrance, e.g. hoods for collecting dust
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/02Portable drilling rigs, truck-or skid-mounted, with their own drive

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-speed hydraulic drill with two engines. The high-speed hydraulic drill comprises a vehicle body and a drill arm assembly, wherein two engines are installed on the vehicle body, the vehicle body is installed on a chassis, and a left crawler unit and a right crawler unit are arranged on the chassis side by side; and a direct-acting arm assembly is arranged at the front part of the vehicle body, is connected with the drill arm assembly, and can drive the drill arm assembly to swing left and right, swing back and forth or move up and down. According to the drill arm assembly, a plurality of drill rods can be effectively connected through coordination of a drill pipe storage mechanism, a drill rod gripping manipulator and a disconnection rod device, thereby prolonging the total length of the drill rod; and a drill arm assembly feeding mechanism adopts a wire rope structure, and the wire rope is strong in impact resistance, convenient to replace and maintain and low in cost. A drill stand adopts an integral structure and is made of aluminum alloy, so that the weight of the high-speed hydraulic drill can be greatly reduced, the energy consumption of the entire vehicle can be effectively reduced, and the center of gravity of the entire vehicle can be prevented from facing forwards.

Description

The bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine of a kind of band

Technical field

The invention belongs to engineering machinery field, particularly relate to the bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine of a kind of band.

Background technology

High-speed hydraulic drilling machine is that one uses engineering machinery widely, and it is mainly made up of parts such as car body, drill boom assembly and direct acting arm assemblies, and wherein drill boom assembly is installed on car body by direct acting arm assembly, and is disposed with the parts such as electromotor on car body.But, the structure of direct acting arm assembly and action are the simplest, and it can only drive drilling cramp to lift in vertical plane and the most low-angle swing.

Simultaneously, drill boom assembly is also the important component part of high-speed hydraulic drilling machine, this drill boom assembly mainly includes drilling cramp, feed mechanism, power head mechanism, drilling rod and dust shield sled mechanism, wherein drilling cramp is installation foundation part, it is steel construction Combination Welding part, at the miscellaneous part of drilling cramp drill boom installed above assembly.Existing feed mechanism is chain structure, and it drives power head mechanism lifting.Described power head mechanism is connected with drilling rod upper end, and the effect of this power head mechanism is to drive drilling rod to rotate, and then realizes boring.The effect of dust shield sled mechanism is dust suction, prevents dust from existing everywhere, but its dust suction rubber is incomplete circle, and the dust produced when thus can not cover boring completely, so that dust-proof effect is the best.

The defect that existing hydraulic drill rig is primarily present is as follows: 1, owing to structure and the action of direct acting arm assembly are the simplest, it can only drive drill boom assembly to lift in vertical plane and the most low-angle swing, thus cause the movement angle of drill boom assembly and scope limited, thus cause carrying bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine that working environment is had strict demand, the most only at level land ability vertical perforating, if ground injustice, cannot vertical perforating, thus cause existing hydraulic drill rig job area limited, it is impossible to it is well adapted for operating mode.

2, the major defect of existing drill boom assembly is as follows: a, drill boom assembly can only drive a drilling rod, and the length of every drilling rod only has more than 4 meters, the drilling depth thus causing drill boom assembly is limited, it is intended to during drilling deep hole the most helpless, has the most just severely impacted drilling depth and the job area of high-speed hydraulic drilling machine.

B, feed mechanism are chain structure, so can cause following two problems: 1. the impact resistance of chain is poor, thus cause chain to be easily broken off when being hit;2. being easily broken off due to chain, the problem thus involving replacing, and the replacing of chain and safeguard extremely difficult, this allows for changing and problem difficult in maintenance is the most prominent;3. the price of chain, cost is high.

C, being steel construction Combination Welding part due to drilling cramp, although this version structural strength is high, but weight is big, and the energy consumption the most not only resulting in car load is high, and can cause the center of gravity of car load forward, can affect the most again the balance of car load.

3, existing car body travels under left and right crawler unit drives, and when running into the road conditions of ground injustice, left and right crawler unit can not make car body holding level.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of and carries bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine, this hydraulic drill function by direct acting arm assembly make drill boom assembly on a large scale with wide-angle move.

Technical scheme is as follows: the bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine of a kind of band, including car body (1) and drill boom assembly (ZB), wherein on car body (1), two electromotors are installed, this car body is arranged on chassis, has left crawler unit and right-hand track chiain running gear on chassis side by side;Described car body (1) front portion is provided with a direct acting arm assembly (ZD), this direct acting arm assembly is connected with described drill boom assembly (ZB), and drive this drill boom assembly to move, it is characterized in that even, it is characterized in that: described direct acting arm assembly (ZD) includes direct acting arm (2) and drill boom hoist cylinder (16), wherein: the front-end and back-end of described direct acting arm (2) downside are respectively equipped with the first horizontal bearing pin (3) and the second horizontal bearing pin (4), the front-end and back-end of this direct acting arm upper side are respectively equipped with the 3rd horizontal bearing pin (5) and the 4th horizontal bearing pin (6);Described first horizontal bearing pin (3) is hinged with direct acting arm hoist cylinder (7) one end, this direct acting arm hoist cylinder other end is hinged with the front end of car body hinged seat (9) downside by the 5th horizontal bearing pin (8), front end on the upside of this car body hinged seat is hinged with described second horizontal bearing pin (4), and first, second, third and fourth and five horizontal bearing pin be parallel to each other;When described direct acting arm hoist cylinder (7) action, direct acting arm (2) can rotate around the second horizontal bearing pin (4), so that the lifting of direct acting arm (2) front end;Described car body hinged seat (9) is connected with car body (1) by deflection mechanism, and can under the drive of this deflection mechanism deflection;

Described 3rd horizontal bearing pin (5) is hinged with the front end of articulated joint (10) downside, this articulated joint rear end is hinged by putting oil cylinder (12) front end before and after the 6th horizontal pin (11) and drill boom, and before and after drill boom, pendulum oil cylinder rear end is hinged with described 4th horizontal bearing pin (6);When putting oil cylinder (12) action before and after described drill boom, articulated joint (10) can be driven around described 3rd horizontal bearing pin (5) swing;The front end of described articulated joint (10) upper side is vertically and fixedly provided with jointed shaft (13), this jointed shaft is hinged with drill boom turning arm (14) one end, the other end of drill boom turning arm is hinged with described drill boom hoist cylinder (16) one end, the other end of this drill boom hoist cylinder is hinged with described drill boom assembly (ZB), and a side of drill boom turning arm (14) is slidably matched by the drilling cramp of drill boom guide rail (17) with described drill boom assembly (ZB);The side of described drill boom turning arm (14) is provided with left-right swinging mechanism, and this left-right swinging mechanism can drive drill boom turning arm (14) to swing around described jointed shaft (13).

The present invention, on the basis of tradition direct acting arm, is additionally arranged a series of parts, and these a series of parts increased organically are combined together with direct acting arm, formed one connect each other, indivisible organic whole.When the present invention works, direct acting arm deflection oil cylinder can band motor vehicles bodies hinged seat, direct acting arm, articulated joint, drill boom turning arm and drill boom assembly swing the most on a large scale;Direct acting arm hoist cylinder then can drive the front end of direct acting arm to lift, thus drive articulated joint, drill boom turning arm and drill boom assembly integral elevating, put oil cylinder before and after drill boom and then can drive drill boom turning arm and the swing together of drill boom assembly, and left-right swinging mechanism can drive drill boom turning arm and drill boom assembly to swing together, last drill boom hoist cylinder can also drive drill boom assembly to lift relative to drill boom turning arm.After the aggregate motion of above-mentioned parts, drill boom assembly can swing, swing, oscilaltion, so that drill boom assembly can be similar to spherical compound motion, and then by the present invention can drive drill boom assembly on a large scale with wide-angle move, the most not only significantly reduce the high-speed hydraulic drilling machine requirement to working environment, can punch on the ground of level land or injustice, and significantly expand hydraulic drill rig job area, operating mode can be well adapted for.

Important improvement as direct acting arm assembly (ZD), described deflection mechanism includes the first vertical bearing pin (18) and the 3rd vertical bearing pin (21), and wherein the first vertical bearing pin (18) is rotatably assorted with the installing hole of described car body hinged seat (9) rear end;Bearing on described car body hinged seat (9) end face is hinged with direct acting arm deflection oil cylinder (20) front end by the second vertical bearing pin (19), direct acting arm deflection oil cylinder (20) rear end is provided with the described 3rd vertical bearing pin (21), and first and third vertical bearing pin is all anterior with described car body (1) fixing;When deflection oil cylinder (20) action of described direct acting arm, described car body hinged seat (9) can be around the first vertical bearing pin (18) deflection;

Described left-right swinging mechanism is five-bar mechanism, and include putting about first connecting rod (22) and drill boom oil cylinder (28), wherein: described first connecting rod (22) middle part is hinged with second connecting rod (24) side by the first connecting pin (23), and this second connecting rod opposite side is hinged with described drill boom turning arm (14) by the second connecting pin;One end of described first connecting rod (22) is hinged with third connecting rod (26) side by the 3rd connecting pin (25), the opposite side of this third connecting rod is fixed with described jointed shaft (13), and the other end of first connecting rod (22) is hinged by one end of pendulum oil cylinder (28) about the 4th connecting pin (27) and described drill boom, the other end putting oil cylinder about drill boom is hinged with the cantilever end of described drill boom turning arm (14) by the 5th connecting pin (29), and first, second, third and fourth is all parallel with jointed shaft (13) with five connecting pins.

Using above design, the deflection mechanism structure in this case is simple, and deflection is reliable.Left-right swinging mechanism uses five-bar mechanism, and the anglec of rotation that can not only make drill boom turning arm is bigger, and the load effect of five-bar mechanism is more preferable, the most also can improve structural strength.Certainly, in specific implementation process, deflection mechanism and the left-right swinging mechanism of other versions can be used, be not necessarily limited to the structure described in the present embodiment.

As this case important preferably, described drill boom assembly (ZB) includes drilling cramp (30) and primary dust removing mechanism (CC), wherein it is installed with feed mechanism (J) and primary dust removing mechanism (CC) on drilling cramp (30), the top of this drilling cramp leading flank and bottom are provided with power head mechanism (DL) and dust shield sled mechanism (X) with sliding matching mode respectively, wherein: described power head mechanism (DL) can lift under feed mechanism (J) drives, this power head mechanism rotates for driving the drilling rod (31) being vertically arranged, and then realize boring;Described dust shield sled mechanism (X) can lift under the hoist cylinder effect carried, this dust shield sled mechanism is connected with described primary dust removing mechanism (CC) by sweep-up pipe, and the dust that dust shield sled mechanism (X) effect produces when being and cover drilling rod (31) boring, thus by primary dust removing mechanism (CC) dedusting;

The left side of described drilling cramp (30) or the right are installed with a Ge Zuan storehouse mechanism (ZK) and one group of drilling rod catching robot (S), wherein drilling rod catching robot (S) number is at least two, and these drilling rod catching robots are arranged from top to bottom;Described drilling rod catching robot (S) is matched with Zuan Ku mechanism (ZK), and in Zuan Ku mechanism (ZK), put into many drilling rods (31) one by one, or in Zuan Ku mechanism (ZK), take out many drilling rods (31) one by one;

The bottom of described drilling cramp (30) leading flank is installed with one and disconnects lever apparatus (CJ), this disconnects lever apparatus and matches with described drilling rod catching robot (S), so by coaxially connected for two described drilling rods (31) together or split and come.Certainly, during concrete use, the drill boom assembly that direct acting arm assembly can also change the outfit traditional as required.

Use above technical scheme, the present invention is by Zuan Ku mechanism ZK, drilling rod catching robot S and disconnects lever apparatus CJ and matches, effectively many drilling rod connectings can be got up, thus extend the total length of drilling rod, the drilling depth of this drilling rod thus can be significantly increased, thus overcome traditional structure to cause the defect that drilling depth is not enough because of single pole well, thus make this case and traditional structure have essential distinction.Certainly, user is during specifically used, it is also possible to the drill boom assembly changing the outfit traditional according to actual needs.

As the important improvement of this case, described drilling cramp (30) is monolithic construction, and its material is aluminium alloy, and drilling cramp (30) be shaped as strip, its cross section is rectangular hollow structure;Four edges of described drilling cramp (30) outer wall are integrally formed with a lug, nib (30a) the most along its length, outside each lug, nib, card has a wear rib (32), and the length of wear rib (32) and lug, nib (30a) is all consistent with described drilling cramp (30) length.

Compared with traditional structure, the present invention has abandoned the steel construction Combination Welding form of conventional drilling machine, the substitute is employing monolithic construction, its material selection aluminium alloy, the weight of the present invention thus can be greatly reduced, be possible not only to effectively reduce the energy consumption of car load, and be possible to prevent car load center of gravity forward, thus can guarantee that car load balances, thus overcome, by little change, the defect that prior art exists well.Meanwhile, the present invention is effectively increased wearability by wear rib, thus improves the serviceability of the present invention.

Important optimization as drill boom assembly (ZB), described Zuan Ku mechanism (ZK) is located at drilling cramp (30) left side, and include horizontal stand (33) and drilling rod location-plate (40), wherein: described upper horizontal stand (33) lower section is provided with a lower horizontal stand (34) side by side, the left end of the two horizontal stand is all fixed with described drilling cramp (30) leading flank, upper horizontal stand (33) right-hand member fixed rotating shaft rotary oil cylinder (35), and lower horizontal stand (34) right-hand member is installed with a bearing block (36);A rotating shaft (37) vertically it is provided with between described upper and lower horizontal stand (33,34), the upper end of this rotating shaft is connected with described rotating shaft rotary oil cylinder (35), and being rotated by rotating shaft rotary oil cylinder, rotating shaft (37) lower end is rotatably assorted with described bearing block (36) by bearing (38);The bottom of described rotating shaft (37) is installed with a drilling rod pallet (39), and the corner of this drilling rod pallet is detected by roll angle inspection assembly;

Described drilling rod location-plate (40) number is at least two pieces, in the rotating shaft (37) being solidly set between described rotating shaft rotary oil cylinder (35) and drilling rod pallet (39) side by side up and down of these drilling rod location-plates, and the structure of all drilling rod location-plates (40) is consistent;Described drilling rod location-plate (40) is circular slab, and the outward flange of this drilling rod location-plate is circumferentially arranged with one group of arc notch (40a), and this arc notch is used for positioning described drilling rod (31).

Using above technical scheme, the present invention can reliably store many drilling rods, and cooperate with drilling rod catching robot and deposit, withdraw drilling rod, in order to extension bar or unload bar in work process, and the simple in construction of the present invention, automaticity is high.

As drill boom assembly (ZB) important preferably, the described lever apparatus (CJ) that disconnects includes upper junction plate (41) and lower claw (47), wherein upper junction plate (41) is fixed with described drilling cramp (30), and the installing hole on this upper junction plate is rotatably assorted with the shell-like portion on upper clipping claw seat (42) top;The center of described upper clipping claw seat (42) is provided with via on a drilling rod vertically, on this drilling rod, the lateral symmetry of via is disposed with a horizontally disposed upper clamping cylinder (43), and the piston rod external part of each upper clamping cylinder is fixed with a upper clipping claw (44);Described upper clipping claw seat (42) is rotatably assorted with lower master jaw (45), this lower master jaw is fixing with described drilling cramp (30) to be connected, via under lower master jaw (45) center has a drilling rod vertically, under this drilling rod, the centrage of via and via on drilling rod are on same straight line;

Under the drilling rod of described lower master jaw (45), via lateral symmetry is disposed with a horizontally disposed lower clamping cylinder (46), and the piston rod external part of each lower clamping cylinder is fixed with a described lower claw (47);When all of described upper and lower clamping cylinder synchronization action, all of upper and lower claw synchronizing moving, and then described drilling rod (31) is held tightly in the center of upper and lower master jaw;Being provided with a rotary components between described upper and lower master jaw, this rotary components can drive upper clipping claw seat (42) to rotate relative to lower master jaw (45), thus realize extension bar or tear bar open;

Described rotary components includes rotary oil cylinder (48) and the second bearing (46), wherein the cylinder body of rotary oil cylinder (48) is hinged with the first bearing (50) on described lower master jaw (45) by the first bearing pin (49), and the piston rod external part of rotary oil cylinder (48) is hinged with described second bearing (52) by the second bearing pin (51), this second bearing is installed on described upper clipping claw seat (42);The structure of described upper and lower claw is identical, and a side of upper and lower claw is side by side up and down one group of antiskid groove, and this antiskid groove is near the centrage of corresponding master jaw.

Use above technical scheme, originally disconnect lever apparatus and drilling rod location can not only be clamped in the center of upper and lower master jaw, and can be reliably achieved and tear bar open, and this attaching/detaching apparatus simple in construction, reliability is high.Meanwhile, this rotary components assembly can reliably drive upper clipping claw seat to rotate relative to lower master jaw, thus realizes tearing bar open.Certainly, in specific implementation process, it is also possible to use the rotary components of other versions, be not limited only to the present embodiment.

As drill boom assembly (ZB) important preferably, described drilling rod catching robot (S) includes that pedestal (53) and second captures hands (56), wherein one end of pedestal (53) is fixed with described drilling cramp (30) leading flank, and it is hinged that the other end of this pedestal and first captures hands (54) middle part;Described first one end capturing hands (54) is arc grasping end, the other end of this first crawl hands (54) is hinged with the cylinder sleeve capturing hands rotary oil cylinder (55), and this piston rod capturing hands rotary oil cylinder is hinged with described pedestal (53);

Described second crawl hands (56) middle part is hinged with the first crawl hands (54), this second one end capturing hands is arc grasping end, and second other end capturing hands (56) captures hands (54) by promptly oil cylinder and first and is connected;When described promptly cylinder action, the arc grasping end move toward one another of first and second crawl hands (54,56), and then the most described drilling rod (31) can be driven.

Using above structure, the drilling rod catching robot in the present embodiment can not only reliably capture drilling rod, and the simple in construction of this drilling rod catching robot (S).

As drill boom assembly (ZB) important preferably, described feed mechanism (J) includes the first movable pulley (57), the first steel wire rope (61) and the second steel wire rope (67), wherein: described first movable pulley (57) and the second movable pulley (58) are side by side up and down, the two movable pulley is rotatably assorted with same movable pulley rack (59), and movable pulley rack lower end is connected with the piston rod external part of feeding cylinder (60), the cylinder sleeve of this feeding cylinder is with described drilling cramp (30) lower hinge even;One end of described first steel wire rope (61) is installed with the first steel wire rope and fixes seat (62), this first steel wire rope is fixed seat and is fixed with described drilling cramp (30), and the other end of the first steel wire rope (61) first walks around described second movable pulley (58), further around crossing swelling wheel (64);Described swelling wheel (64) is rotatably assorted with swelling wheel support (65) top, and this swelling wheel support bottom is installed with a swelling regulating part (66), and this swelling regulating part is fixed with described drilling cramp (30) bottom;One end of described second steel wire rope (67) is installed with the second steel wire rope seat (68), this the second steel wire rope seat is fixed with described drilling cramp (30), and after the other end of the second steel wire rope (67) walks around described first movable pulley (57), further around crossing fixed pulley (69), and first and second steel wire rope the other end between be fixed with described power head mechanism (DL), thus drive this power head mechanism to lift described power head mechanism (DL);Described fixed pulley (69) is rotatably assorted with fixed pulley bearing (70), depending on pulley support (70) fix with described drilling cramp (30) upper end.

Compared with traditional chain structure, feed mechanism assembly described in the present embodiment uses steel cord structure, and steel wire rope is organic with assembly pulley coordinates, and forms an indivisible organic whole such that it is able to reliably drive unit head assembly realizes feeding.It should be noted that typically no employing assembly pulley or steel wire rope are driven in the prior art of high-speed hydraulic drilling machine, the prior art more not using assembly pulley and steel wire rope combination to be driven is disclosed.Owing to steel wire rope resistance to impact is strong, change and easy to maintenance, low cost, the resistance to impact thus causing the present invention is strong, and reliability is high, is difficult to the problem of chain breakage in prior art occur, thus further increase the servicing ease of the present invention, kill two birds with one stone.

As drill boom assembly (ZB) important preferably, described dust shield sled mechanism (X) includes hoist cylinder (71) and dust shield rubber (75), wherein hoist cylinder (71) is vertically arranged, this hoist cylinder upper end is hinged with described drilling cramp (30), hoist cylinder (71) lower end is connected with slide plate (72), and this slide plate can be driven to lift;The upper left and right of described slide plate (72) is arranged with a guidance set, and slide plate (72) can be guided in lifting process by this guidance set;Connecting plate (73) it is installed with on described slide plate (72), dust shield cover cylinder (74) vertically it is installed with bottom this connecting plate, the centre bore of this dust shield cover cylinder passes for described drilling rod, and is coaxially provided with a described dust shield rubber (75) in dust shield cover cylinder (74) lower port;

Circumferentially arranged with at least two horizontally disposed righting oil cylinder (76) at described dust shield cover cylinder (74) upper port, the piston rod external part of each righting oil cylinder is installed with a wiper block (77) respectively, and the inner surface of each wiper block has an arc notch;When all described righting oil cylinder (76) synchronization actions, the arc notch of all wiper blocks (77) inner surface forms the axial line of a righting hole, this righting hole and described dust shield cover cylinder (74) centre bore on same straight line;The mounting means of all described righting oil cylinders (76) is identical, and is fixed on described connecting plate (73) by righting oil cylinder installing plate (78).

Using above technical scheme, in this case, righting hole is bigger, thus can to a following righting, thus when effectively preventing drilling depth from crossing deep below drilling rod rock, eccentric or tilt, thus can protect drilling rod, can ensure that again being smoothed out of drilling deep hole.Further, dust shield rubber bottom is designed as complete rotary structure, thus can prevent dust from passing through at the bottom of dust shield rubber well, thus reach to improve the purpose of dust-proof effect.

Important improvement as this case, described left crawler unit is identical with the structure of right-hand track chiain running gear, the most left crawler unit includes left crawler belt (79) and leveling cyclinder (82), the most left crawler belt (79) rotates under the drive of left track driving mechanism (80), is rotatably assorted with a trunnion axis (81) on described chassis in the middle part of this left track driving mechanism;One end of described leveling cyclinder (82) is hinged with front portion, chassis, and the other end of this leveling cyclinder is anterior with left track driving mechanism (80) hinged;Trunnion axis in described left and right crawler unit is symmetrically arranged at both sides, chassis, and the leveling cyclinder in right-hand track chiain running gear is hinged with right-hand track chiain drive mechanism rear portion, and from the side, the leveling cyclinder in left and right crawler unit is arranged in "eight" shape.

Above design, left crawler unit and right-hand track chiain running gear is used to cooperate, the two crawler unit both linkages, it is also possible to differential.When running into the road conditions of ground injustice, the leveling cyclinder concurrently-acting of two running gears, so that a crawler unit swings forward around corresponding trunnion axis, another crawler unit swings backwards around corresponding trunnion axis, thus can make car body holding level, thus improve comfortableness.When running into upward slope road conditions, left and right crawler unit can synchronize to swing backward, the most also can make car body holding level.

Beneficial effect: present invention have the advantage that

1, the present invention is on the basis of tradition direct acting arm, is additionally arranged a series of parts, and these a series of parts increased organically are combined together with direct acting arm, formed one connect each other, indivisible organic whole;When the present invention works, drill boom assembly can swing, swing, oscilaltion, so that drilling cramp can be similar to spherical compound motion, and then by the present invention can drive drill boom assembly can on a large scale with wide-angle move, the most not only significantly reduce the high-speed hydraulic drilling machine requirement to working environment, can punch on the ground of level land or injustice, and significantly expand hydraulic drill rig job area, operating mode can be well adapted for.

2, the present invention can use traditional drill boom assembly as required, can also be changed the outfit the drill boom assembly after improving, and the drill boom assembly after improving by Zuan Ku mechanism, drilling rod catching robot and disconnects lever apparatus and matches, effectively many drilling rod connectings can be got up, thus extend the total length of drilling rod, the drilling depth of this drill boom assembly thus can be significantly increased, thus overcome traditional structure to cause the defect that drilling depth is not enough because of single pole well;Meanwhile, drill boom assembly feed mechanism after improvement uses steel cord structure, and steel wire rope is organic with assembly pulley coordinates;Owing to steel wire rope resistance to impact is strong, change and easy to maintenance, low cost, the resistance to impact thus causing the present invention is strong, and reliability is high, is difficult to the problem of chain breakage in prior art occur, thus further increase the servicing ease of the present invention, kill two birds with one stone.Finally, the steel construction Combination Welding form of traditional drilling cramp abandoned by drill boom assembly drilling cramp after improvement, the substitute is employing monolithic construction, its material selection aluminium alloy, the weight of the present invention thus can be greatly reduced, it is possible not only to effectively reduce the energy consumption of car load, and is possible to prevent car load center of gravity forward, thus can guarantee that car load balances.

3, the left and right crawler unit of the present invention can distinguish swing on the ground of Uneven road, so that car body keeps level, thus can greatly improve comfortableness.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the front view of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the forward sight enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is the axonometric drawing of direct acting arm assembly ZD in Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is the front view of drill boom assembly ZB in Fig. 1.

Fig. 6 is the front view of Tu5Zhong Zuan storehouse mechanism ZK.

Fig. 7 is the cutaway view Amplified image of part A in Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of drilling rod location-plate in Fig. 6.

Fig. 9 is the cross section view of drilling cramp 30 in Fig. 5.

Figure 10 is the axonometric drawing disconnecting lever apparatus CJ in Fig. 5.

Figure 11 is the cross section view of Figure 10.

Figure 12 is the axonometric drawing of drilling rod catching robot S in Fig. 5.

Figure 13 is the axonometric drawing of feed mechanism J in Fig. 5.

Figure 14 is the axonometric drawing of dust shield sled mechanism X in Fig. 5.

Figure 15 is the cross section view of Figure 14.

Detailed description of the invention

The invention will be further described with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:

Such as Fig. 1--shown in 15, the bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine of a kind of band, mainly it is made up of car body 1, chassis, direct acting arm assembly ZD and drill boom assembly ZB.Wherein, car body 1 rear portion is provided with two electromotors, and this car body 1 is arranged on chassis, has left crawler unit and right-hand track chiain running gear on chassis side by side.Further, car body 1 rear portion there also is provided air inlet air filter 100, acoustic filter 101 and air compressor machine 102, and wherein acoustic filter 101 is positioned at the surface of electromotor, and has cooler 103 in the rear end lateral arrangement of car body 1.Left crawler unit is identical with the structure of right-hand track chiain running gear, the most left crawler unit includes left crawler belt 79 and leveling cyclinder 82, the most left crawler belt 79 rotates under the drive of left track driving mechanism 80, is rotatably assorted with a trunnion axis 81 on chassis in the middle part of this left track driving mechanism.One end of leveling cyclinder 82 is hinged with front portion, chassis, and the other end of this leveling cyclinder is anterior with left track driving mechanism 80 hinged.Trunnion axis in left and right crawler unit is symmetrically arranged at both sides, chassis, and the leveling cyclinder in right-hand track chiain running gear is hinged with right-hand track chiain drive mechanism rear portion, and from the side, the leveling cyclinder in left and right crawler unit is arranged in "eight" shape.

Such as Fig. 1--shown in 4, car body 1 front portion is provided with a direct acting arm assembly ZD, and this direct acting arm assembly is connected with drill boom assembly ZB, and drives drill boom assembly ZB action.In the present case, direct acting arm assembly ZD includes direct acting arm 2 and drill boom hoist cylinder 16, wherein: the front-end and back-end of direct acting arm 2 downside are respectively equipped with the first horizontal bearing pin 3 and the second horizontal bearing pin 4, and the front-end and back-end of this direct acting arm 2 upper side are respectively equipped with the 3rd horizontal bearing pin 5 and the 4th horizontal bearing pin 6.First horizontal bearing pin 3 is hinged with direct acting arm hoist cylinder 7 one end, and the other end of this direct acting arm hoist cylinder 7 is hinged by the front end on the downside of the 5th horizontal bearing pin 8 and car body hinged seat 9.Front end on the upside of car body hinged seat 9 is hinged with the second horizontal bearing pin 4, and first, second, third and fourth and five horizontal bearing pin be parallel to each other.When direct acting arm hoist cylinder 7 action, direct acting arm 2 can rotate around the second horizontal bearing pin 4, so that the lifting of direct acting arm 2 front end.Car body hinged seat 9 is connected with car body 1 by deflection mechanism, and can under the drive of this deflection mechanism deflection.

In the present case, deflection mechanism includes the first vertical bearing pin 18 and the 3rd vertical bearing pin 21, and wherein the first vertical bearing pin 18 is rotatably assorted with the installing hole of car body hinged seat 9 rear end.Bearing on car body hinged seat 9 end face is hinged with direct acting arm deflection oil cylinder 20 front end by the second vertical bearing pin 19, and direct acting arm deflection oil cylinder 20 rear end is provided with the 3rd vertical bearing pin 21, and the first vertical bearing pin and the 3rd vertical bearing pin are all anterior with car body 1 fixing.When deflection oil cylinder 20 action of direct acting arm, car body hinged seat 9 can be around the first vertical bearing pin 18 deflection.

From Fig. 1--4 can be seen that, the 3rd horizontal bearing pin 5 is hinged with the front end of articulated joint 10 downside, and this articulated joint rear end is hinged by putting oil cylinder 12 front end before and after the 6th horizontal pin 11 and drill boom, and before and after drill boom, pendulum oil cylinder rear end is hinged with the 4th horizontal bearing pin 6.When putting oil cylinder 12 action before and after drill boom, articulated joint 10 can be driven around the 3rd horizontal bearing pin 5 swing.The front end of articulated joint 10 upper side is vertically and fixedly provided with a jointed shaft 13, this jointed shaft 13 is hinged with drill boom turning arm 14 one end, the other end of drill boom turning arm 14 is hinged with drill boom hoist cylinder 16 one end, the other end of this drill boom hoist cylinder 16 is hinged with drill boom assembly ZB, and a side of drill boom turning arm 14 is slidably matched with drill boom assembly ZB by drill boom guide rail 17.The side of drill boom turning arm 14 is provided with left-right swinging mechanism, and this left-right swinging mechanism can drive drill boom turning arm 14 to swing around jointed shaft 13.

In the present case, left-right swinging mechanism is five-bar mechanism, and includes putting about first connecting rod 22 and drill boom oil cylinder 28.Wherein, hinged with second connecting rod 24 side by the first connecting pin 23 in the middle part of first connecting rod 22, the opposite side of this second connecting rod 24 is hinged with drill boom turning arm 14 by the second connecting pin.One end of first connecting rod 22 is hinged with third connecting rod 26 side by the 3rd connecting pin 25, the opposite side of this third connecting rod is fixed with jointed shaft 13, and the other end of first connecting rod 22 is hinged by one end of pendulum oil cylinder 28 about the 4th connecting pin 27 and drill boom, the other end putting oil cylinder about drill boom is hinged with the cantilever end of drill boom turning arm 14 by the 5th connecting pin 29, and first, second, third and fourth is all parallel with jointed shaft 13 with five connecting pins.

During the work of this direct acting arm assembly, direct acting arm deflection oil cylinder can band motor vehicles bodies hinged seat, direct acting arm, articulated joint, drill boom turning arm and drill boom assembly swing the most on a large scale;Direct acting arm hoist cylinder then can drive the front end of direct acting arm to lift, thus drive articulated joint, drill boom turning arm and drill boom assembly integral elevating, put oil cylinder before and after drill boom and then can drive drill boom turning arm and the swing together of drill boom assembly, and left-right swinging mechanism can drive drill boom turning arm and drill boom assembly to swing together, last drill boom hoist cylinder can also drive drill boom assembly to lift relative to drill boom turning arm.After the aggregate motion of above-mentioned parts, drill boom assembly can swing, swing, oscilaltion so that drill boom assembly can be similar to spherical compound motion, so by the present invention can drive drill boom assembly on a large scale with wide-angle move.

From Fig. 1--3,15 can be seen that Fig. 5--8 and Figure 10--, drill boom assembly ZB includes drilling cramp 30 and primary dust removing mechanism CC, wherein it is installed with feed mechanism J and primary dust removing mechanism CC on drilling cramp 30, the top of this drilling cramp 30 leading flank and bottom are provided with power head mechanism DL and dust shield sled mechanism X with sliding matching mode respectively, wherein: power head mechanism DL uses double power head in the present case, remaining structure of power head mechanism DL is essentially identical with traditional structure, does not repeats at this.Power head mechanism DL can lift under feed mechanism J drives, and this power head mechanism is connected with the drilling rod 31 being vertically arranged, and drives drilling rod 31 to rotate, and then realizes boring.Dust shield sled mechanism X can lift under the hoist cylinder effect carried, this dust shield sled mechanism is connected with primary dust removing mechanism CC by sweep-up pipe, and dust shield sled mechanism X effect is to cover the dust produced when drilling rod 31 is holed, thus by the CC dedusting of primary dust removing mechanism.

Drilling cramp 30 is monolithic construction, and its material is aluminium alloy, and drilling cramp 30 be shaped as strip, its cross section is rectangular hollow structure.Four edges of drilling cramp 30 outer wall are integrally formed with a lug, nib 30a the most along its length, and outside each lug, nib 30a, card has a stainless wear rib 32, and the length of wear rib 32 and lug, nib 30a is all consistent with drilling cramp 30 length.Wear rib 32 is integral type structure, and the cross section of this wear rib 32 is made up of two symmetrically arranged L-shaped sections 32a, and the free end on the two L-shaped segment length limit is vertically fixed, and the described shape of lug, nib 30a cross section adapts with the cross section of wear rib 32.

From Fig. 1--3, Fig. 5--8 and Figure 10--15 it is also seen that, the left side of drilling cramp 30 or the right are installed with a Ge Zuan storehouse mechanism ZK and one group of drilling rod catching robot S, wherein drilling rod catching robot S number is at least two, and these drilling rods catching robot S is arranged from top to bottom.In the present case, Zuan Ku mechanism ZK and drilling rod catching robot S is positioned at the left side of drilling cramp 30, and the number of drilling rod catching robot S is two.Drilling rod catching robot S and Zuan Ku mechanism ZK matches, and puts into many drilling rods 31 in Zuan Ku mechanism ZK one by one, or takes out many drilling rods 31 in Zuan Ku mechanism ZK one by one.

The bottom of drilling cramp 30 leading flank is installed with one and disconnects lever apparatus CJ, and this disconnects lever apparatus and coordinates with drilling rod catching robot S-phase, so by coaxially connected for two drilling rods 31 together or split and come.

From Fig. 1,--3, Fig. 5--8 can be seen that, Zuan Ku mechanism ZK includes horizontal stand 33 and drilling rod location-plate 40, wherein: being provided with a lower horizontal stand 34 side by side below upper horizontal stand 33, the left end of the two horizontal stand is all fixing with drilling cramp 30.Upper horizontal stand 33 right-hand member fixed rotating shaft rotary oil cylinder 35, and lower horizontal stand 34 right-hand member is installed with a bearing block 36.Vertically being provided with a rotating shaft 37 between upper horizontal stand 33 and lower horizontal stand 34, the upper end of this rotating shaft 37 is connected with rotating shaft rotary oil cylinder 35, and being rotated by rotating shaft rotary oil cylinder, and rotating shaft 37 lower end is rotatably assorted with bearing block 36 by bearing 38.The bottom of rotating shaft 37 is installed with a drilling rod pallet 39, and the corner of this drilling rod pallet 39 is detected by roll angle inspection assembly.The structure and working principle of roll angle inspection assembly is known to the staff of this area, does not repeats at this.

Drilling rod location-plate 40 number is at least two pieces, and in the rotating shaft 37 being solidly set between rotating shaft rotary oil cylinder 35 and drilling rod pallet 39 side by side up and down of these drilling rod location-plates, and the structure of all drilling rod location-plates 40 is consistent.Drilling rod location-plate 40 is circular slab, and the outward flange of this drilling rod location-plate is circumferentially arranged with one group of arc notch 40a, and this arc notch is used for positioning drilling rod 31.

In the present case, the number of drilling rod location-plate 40 is two pieces, and this drilling rod location-plate 40 is two to distinguish formula structure, and is formed by being bolted after two halfbodies docking.It is provided with one outside rotating shaft 37 and bores storehouse fence 83, this brill storehouse fence 83 has two connection ends being connected with drilling cramp 30, the two connects formation one between end and passes through mouth 83a for the drilling rod passed through for described drilling rod 31, and this drilling rod is by mouth and upper horizontal stand 33 and the installation end homonymy of lower horizontal stand 34.

From Fig. 1--3, Figure 10,11 can be seen that, disconnecting lever apparatus CJ and include upper junction plate 41 and lower claw 47, wherein upper junction plate 41 is fixed with drilling cramp 30, and the installing hole on this upper junction plate 41 is rotatably assorted with the shell-like portion on upper clipping claw seat 42 top.The center of upper clipping claw seat 42 is provided with via on a drilling rod vertically, and on this drilling rod, the lateral symmetry of via is disposed with a horizontally disposed upper clamping cylinder 43, and the piston rod external part of each upper clamping cylinder is fixed with a upper clipping claw 44.Upper clipping claw seat 42 is rotatably assorted with lower master jaw 45, and this lower master jaw is fixing with drilling cramp 30 to be connected, and has via under a drilling rod vertically in lower master jaw 45 center, and under this drilling rod, the centrage of via and via on drilling rod are on same straight line.

Under the drilling rod of lower master jaw 45, via lateral symmetry is disposed with a horizontally disposed lower clamping cylinder 46, and the piston rod external part of each lower clamping cylinder is fixed with a lower claw 47.When all of upper and lower clamping cylinder synchronization action, all of upper and lower claw synchronizing moving, and then drilling rod 31 is held tightly in the center of upper and lower master jaw.Being provided with a rotary components between upper and lower master jaw, this rotary components can drive upper clipping claw seat 42 to rotate relative to lower master jaw 45, thus realize extension bar or tear bar open.

Rotary components includes rotary oil cylinder 48 and the second bearing 46, wherein the cylinder body of rotary oil cylinder 48 is hinged with the first bearing 50 on lower master jaw 45 by the first bearing pin 49, and the piston rod external part of rotary oil cylinder 48 is hinged with the second bearing 52 by the second bearing pin 51, this second bearing is installed on upper clipping claw seat 42.The structure of upper and lower claw is identical, and a side of upper and lower claw is side by side up and down one group of antiskid groove, and this antiskid groove is near the centrage of corresponding master jaw.

From Fig. 1--3, Figure 12 can be seen that, drilling rod catching robot S includes that pedestal 53 and second captures hands 56, and wherein one end of pedestal 53 is fixed with drilling cramp 30 leading flank, hinged in the middle part of the other end of this pedestal and the first crawl hands 54.First one end capturing hands 54 is arc grasping end, and the other end of this first crawl hands 54 is hinged with the cylinder sleeve capturing hands rotary oil cylinder 55, and this piston rod capturing hands rotary oil cylinder is hinged with pedestal 53.Capturing hands 54 with first in the middle part of second crawl hands 56 hinged, this second one end capturing hands is arc grasping end, and the other end of the second crawl hands 56 is connected by promptly oil cylinder and the first crawl hands 54;When promptly cylinder action, the first crawl hands 54, second can be driven to capture the arc grasping end move toward one another of hands 56, and then promptly drilling rod 31.

From Fig. 1--3, Figure 13 can be seen that, feed mechanism J includes the first movable pulley the 57, first steel wire rope 61 and the second steel wire rope 67, wherein: the first movable pulley 57 and the second movable pulley 58 are side by side up and down, and the two movable pulley is rotatably assorted with same movable pulley rack 59.The lower end of movable pulley rack 59 is connected with the piston rod external part of feeding cylinder 60, and the cylinder sleeve of this feeding cylinder is connected with drilling cramp 30.One end of first steel wire rope 61 is installed with the first steel wire rope and fixes seat 62, and this first steel wire rope is fixed seat and fixed with drilling cramp 30, and the other end of the first steel wire rope 61 first walks around the second movable pulley 58, further around crossing swelling wheel 64.Swelling wheel 64 is rotatably assorted with swelling wheel support 65 top, and this swelling wheel support bottom is installed with a swelling regulating part 66, and this swelling regulating part is fixed with drilling cramp 30 bottom;One end of second steel wire rope 67 is installed with the second steel wire rope seat 68, this the second steel wire rope seat is fixed with drilling cramp 30, and after the other end of the second steel wire rope 67 walks around the first movable pulley 57, further around crossing fixed pulley 69, and first and second steel wire rope the other end between be fixed with described power head mechanism DL, thus drive this power head mechanism lifting drive head mechanism DL.Fixed pulley 69 is rotatably assorted with fixed pulley bearing 70, depending on pulley support 70 fix with drilling cramp 30 upper end.It should be noted that the other end of the first steel wire rope 61 first walks around the upper semi-circle of the second movable pulley 58 periphery, take turns the lower half circle of 64 peripheries further around swelling excessively.The other end of the second steel wire rope 67 first walks around the lower half circle of the first movable pulley 57 periphery, further around the upper semi-circle crossing fixed pulley 69 periphery.

In the present case, swelling regulating part 66 is screw rod, and is set with an adjusting nut 84 on swelling regulating part 66.Being provided with a swelling regulating part guard shield 85 outside described swelling regulating part 9, this swelling regulating part guard shield and swelling wheel support 65 are lived apart in the both sides of adjusting nut 84.

When the piston rod of feeding cylinder 60 stretches out, first movable pulley the 57, second movable pulley 58 and the overall rising of movable pulley rack 59, the other end that so may result in the first steel wire rope 61 and the second steel wire rope 67 synchronizes to decline, thus drives power head mechanism DL to move down.Otherwise, when the piston rod of feeding cylinder 60 is retracted, first movable pulley the 57, second movable pulley 58 and movable pulley rack 59 entire lowering, the other end that so may result in the first steel wire rope 61 and the second steel wire rope 67 synchronizes to raise, thus drives power head mechanism DL to move up.

From Fig. 1--3, Figure 14,15 can be seen that, dust shield sled mechanism X includes hoist cylinder 71 and dust shield rubber 75, wherein hoist cylinder 71 is vertically arranged, this hoist cylinder upper end is hinged with drilling cramp 30 by upper bracket 86, hoist cylinder 71 lower end undersetting 87 is connected with slide plate 72, and this slide plate can be driven to lift;On slide plate 72, left and right is arranged with a guidance set, and slide plate 72 can be guided in lifting process by this guidance set;Being installed with connecting plate 73 on slide plate 72, be vertically installed with a dust shield cover cylinder 74 bottom this connecting plate, the centre bore of this dust shield cover cylinder passes for drilling rod, and is coaxially provided with a dust shield rubber 75 in dust shield cover cylinder 74 lower port.

Circumferentially arranged with at least two horizontally disposed righting oil cylinder 76 at dust shield cover cylinder 74 upper port, the piston rod external part of each righting oil cylinder is installed with a wiper block 77 respectively, and the inner surface of each wiper block has an arc notch;When all righting oil cylinder 76 synchronization actions, the arc notch of all wiper block 77 inner surfacies forms the axial line of a righting hole, this righting hole and dust shield cover cylinder 74 centre bore on same straight line;The mounting means of all righting oil cylinders 76 is identical, and is fixed on connecting plate 73 by righting oil cylinder installing plate 78.

The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not with the present invention for limiting, all any amendment, equivalent and improvement etc. made within the spirit and principles in the present invention, should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. carry a bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine, including car body (1) and drill boom assembly (ZB), its Being provided with two electromotors on middle car body (1), this car body is arranged on chassis, has left shoe on chassis side by side Band running gear and right-hand track chiain running gear;Described car body (1) front portion is provided with a direct acting arm assembly (ZD), This direct acting arm assembly is connected with described drill boom assembly (ZB), and drives this drill boom assembly to move, and its feature exists Yu Lian, it is characterised in that: described direct acting arm assembly (ZD) includes direct acting arm (2) and drill boom hoist cylinder (16), Wherein: the front-end and back-end of described direct acting arm (2) downside are respectively equipped with the first horizontal bearing pin (3) and Two horizontal bearing pins (4), the front-end and back-end of this direct acting arm upper side be respectively equipped with the 3rd horizontal bearing pin (5) and 4th horizontal bearing pin (6);Described first horizontal bearing pin (3) is hinged with direct acting arm hoist cylinder (7) one end, Before this direct acting arm hoist cylinder other end is by the 5th horizontal bearing pin (8) and car body hinged seat (9) downside Holding hinged, the front end on the upside of this car body hinged seat is hinged with described second horizontal bearing pin (4), and first and second, Three, four and five horizontal bearing pins are parallel to each other;When described direct acting arm hoist cylinder (7) action, direct acting arm (2) Can rotate around the second horizontal bearing pin (4), so that the lifting of direct acting arm (2) front end;Described car body is hinged Seat (9) is connected with car body (1) by deflection mechanism, and can be under the drive of this deflection mechanism Deflection;
Described 3rd horizontal bearing pin (5) is hinged with the front end of articulated joint (10) downside, this articulated joint rear end Hinged, after putting oil cylinder before and after drill boom by putting oil cylinder (12) front end before and after the 6th horizontal pin (11) and drill boom Hold hinged with described 4th horizontal bearing pin (6);When putting oil cylinder (12) action before and after described drill boom, can carry Dynamic articulated joint (10) is around described 3rd horizontal bearing pin (5) swing;Described articulated joint (10) upper side Front end be vertically and fixedly provided with jointed shaft (13), this jointed shaft is hinged with drill boom turning arm (14) one end, drill boom The other end of turning arm is hinged with described drill boom hoist cylinder (16) one end, another of this drill boom hoist cylinder End is hinged with described drill boom assembly (ZB), and a side of drill boom turning arm (14) is led by drill boom Rail (17) is slidably matched with the drilling cramp of described drill boom assembly (ZB);The one of described drill boom turning arm (14) Side is provided with left-right swinging mechanism, and this left-right swinging mechanism can drive drill boom turning arm (14) around described hinged Axle (13) swings.
Carry bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: a described left side Right avertence rotation mechanism includes the first vertical bearing pin (18) and the 3rd vertical bearing pin (21), wherein the first vertical bearing pin (18) installing hole with described car body hinged seat (9) rear end is rotatably assorted;Described car body hinged seat (9) Bearing on end face is hinged with direct acting arm deflection oil cylinder (20) front end by the second vertical bearing pin (19), Direct acting arm deflection oil cylinder (20) rear end is provided with the described 3rd vertical bearing pin (21), and first and third vertical bearing pin All anterior with described car body (1) fixing;When deflection oil cylinder (20) action of described direct acting arm, described car body Hinged seat (9) can be around the first vertical bearing pin (18) deflection;
Described left-right swinging mechanism is five-bar mechanism, and includes pendulum oil about first connecting rod (22) and drill boom Cylinder (28), wherein: described first connecting rod (22) middle part is by the first connecting pin (23) and second connecting rod (24) Side is hinged, and this second connecting rod opposite side is hinged with described drill boom turning arm (14) by the second connecting pin; One end of described first connecting rod (22) is hinged with third connecting rod (26) side by the 3rd connecting pin (25), The opposite side of this third connecting rod is fixed with described jointed shaft (13), and the other end of first connecting rod (22) leads to Cross that to put one end of oil cylinder (28) about the 4th connecting pin (27) and described drill boom hinged, pendulum oil about drill boom The other end of cylinder is hinged with the cantilever end of described drill boom turning arm (14) by the 5th connecting pin (29), and First, second, third and fourth is all parallel with jointed shaft (13) with five connecting pins.
Carry bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described brill Arm assembly (ZB) includes drilling cramp (30) and primary dust removing mechanism (CC), the wherein upper fixing peace of drilling cramp (30) Equipped with feed mechanism (J) and primary dust removing mechanism (CC), top and the bottom of this drilling cramp leading flank are divided equally With sliding matching mode, power head mechanism (DL) and dust shield sled mechanism (X) are not installed, wherein: institute Stating power head mechanism (DL) and can drive lower lifting at feed mechanism (J), this power head mechanism is used for driving perpendicular The straight drilling rod (31) arranged rotates, and then realizes boring;Described dust shield sled mechanism (X) can carry Hoist cylinder effect under lift, this dust shield sled mechanism is by sweep-up pipe and described primary dust removing mechanism (CC) It is connected, and the dust produced when dust shield sled mechanism (X) effect is and covers drilling rod (31) boring, from And by primary dust removing mechanism (CC) dedusting;
The left side of described drilling cramp (30) or the right are installed with a Ge Zuan storehouse mechanism (ZK) and one group of drilling rod captures Mechanical hand (S), wherein drilling rod catching robot (S) number is at least two, these drilling rod catching robots Arrange from top to bottom;Described drilling rod catching robot (S) is matched with Zuan Ku mechanism (ZK), and to boring storehouse Put into many drilling rods (31) in mechanism (ZK) one by one, or take out many one by one in Zuan Ku mechanism (ZK) Drilling rod (31);
The bottom of described drilling cramp (30) leading flank is installed with one and disconnects lever apparatus (CJ), and this disconnects lever apparatus Match with described drilling rod catching robot (S), and then by coaxially connected one for two described drilling rods (31) Rise or split and come.
Carry bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described brill Frame (30) is monolithic construction, and its material is aluminium alloy, and drilling cramp (30) be shaped as strip, its Cross section is rectangular hollow structure;Four edges of described drilling cramp (30) outer wall are the most along its length Being integrally formed with a lug, nib (30a), outside each lug, nib, card has a wear rib (32), and wear rib (32) And the length of lug, nib (30a) is all consistent with described drilling cramp (30) length.
Carry bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described brill Storehouse mechanism (ZK) is located at drilling cramp (30) left side, and includes horizontal stand (33) and drilling rod location-plate (40), Wherein: described upper horizontal stand (33) lower section is provided with a lower horizontal stand (34), the two level side by side The left end of support is all fixed with described drilling cramp (30) leading flank, the fixed rotating shaft of upper horizontal stand (33) right-hand member Rotary oil cylinder (35), and lower horizontal stand (34) right-hand member is installed with a bearing block (36);On described, A rotating shaft (37), the upper end of this rotating shaft and described rotating shaft vertically it is provided with between lower horizontal stand (33,34) Rotary oil cylinder (35) is connected, and being rotated by rotating shaft rotary oil cylinder, and rotating shaft (37) lower end is passed through Bearing (38) is rotatably assorted with described bearing block (36);The bottom of described rotating shaft (37) is installed with one Individual drilling rod pallet (39), the corner of this drilling rod pallet is detected by roll angle inspection assembly;
Described drilling rod location-plate (40) number is at least two pieces, and drilling rod location-plate is side by side up and down is solidly set on for these In rotating shaft (37) between described rotating shaft rotary oil cylinder (35) and drilling rod pallet (39), and all drilling rods The structure of location-plate (40) is consistent;Described drilling rod location-plate (40) is circular slab, this drilling rod location-plate Outward flange is circumferentially arranged with one group of arc notch (40a), and this arc notch is used for positioning described drilling rod (31).
Carry bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that tear open described in: Extension bar device (CJ) includes upper junction plate (41) and lower claw (47), wherein upper junction plate (41) and institute Stating drilling cramp (30) to fix, the installing hole on this upper junction plate turns with the shell-like portion on upper clipping claw seat (42) top Dynamic cooperation;The center of described upper clipping claw seat (42) is provided with via on a drilling rod, on this drilling rod vertically The lateral symmetry of via is disposed with a horizontally disposed upper clamping cylinder (43), the work of each upper clamping cylinder Stopper rod external part is fixed with a upper clipping claw (44);Described upper clipping claw seat (42) turns with lower master jaw (45) Dynamic cooperation, this lower master jaw is fixing with described drilling cramp (30) to be connected, on lower master jaw (45) edge, center Axially having via under a drilling rod, under this drilling rod, the centrage of via and via on drilling rod are at same straight line On;
Under the drilling rod of described lower master jaw (45), via lateral symmetry is disposed with a horizontally disposed lower clamping Oil cylinder (46), the piston rod external part of each lower clamping cylinder is fixed with a described lower claw (47);When During all of described upper and lower clamping cylinder synchronization action, all of upper and lower claw synchronizing moving, and then will Described drilling rod (31) is held tightly in the center of upper and lower master jaw;It is provided with one between described upper and lower master jaw Individual rotary components, this rotary components can drive upper clipping claw seat (42) to rotate relative to lower master jaw (45), Thus realize extension bar or tear bar open;
Described rotary components includes rotary oil cylinder (48) and the second bearing (46), wherein rotary oil cylinder (48) Cylinder body by the first bearing pin (49) hinged with the first bearing (50) on described lower master jaw (45), And the piston rod external part of rotary oil cylinder (48) is by the second bearing pin (51) and described second bearing (52) Hinged, this second bearing is installed on described upper clipping claw seat (42);The structure of described upper and lower claw is identical, And a side of upper and lower claw is side by side up and down one group of antiskid groove, this antiskid groove is near corresponding claw The centrage of seat.
Carry bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described brill Bar catching robot (S) includes that pedestal (53) and second captures hands (56), wherein the one of pedestal (53) End is fixed with described drilling cramp (30) leading flank, and the other end of this pedestal and first captures hands (54) middle part hinge Connect;Described first capture hands (54) one end be arc grasping end, this first capture hands (54) another The cylinder sleeve held and capture hands rotary oil cylinder (55) is hinged, and this captures the piston rod of hands rotary oil cylinder with described Pedestal (53) is hinged;
Described second crawl hands (56) middle part is hinged with the first crawl hands (54), the one of this second crawl hands End is arc grasping end, and second other end capturing hands (56) captures hands (54) by promptly oil cylinder and first It is connected;When described promptly cylinder action, the arc of first and second crawl hands (54,56) can be driven to capture End move toward one another, and then the most described drilling rod (31).
Carry bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that enter described in: The first movable pulley (57), the first steel wire rope (61) and the second steel wire rope (67) is included to mechanism (J), its In: described first movable pulley (57) and the second movable pulley (58) are side by side up and down, and the two movable pulley is with same One movable pulley rack (59) is rotatably assorted, and the piston rod of movable pulley rack lower end and feeding cylinder (60) is stretched Going out end to be connected, the cylinder sleeve of this feeding cylinder is with described drilling cramp (30) lower hinge even;Described first steel wire rope (61) one end is installed with the first steel wire rope and fixes seat (62), and this first steel wire rope fixes seat and described drilling cramp (30) fixing, and the other end of the first steel wire rope (61) first walks around described second movable pulley (58), further around Cross swelling wheel (64);Described swelling wheel (64) is rotatably assorted with swelling wheel support (65) top, this swelling Wheel support bottom is installed with a swelling regulating part (66), this swelling regulating part and described drilling cramp (30) lower end Portion is fixed;One end of described second steel wire rope (67) is installed with the second steel wire rope seat (68), this second steel wire Rope seat and described drilling cramp (30) are fixed, and the other end of the second steel wire rope (67) to walk around described first dynamic sliding After wheel (57), further around crossing fixed pulley (69), and between the other end of first and second steel wire rope, it is fixed with institute State power head mechanism (DL), thus drive this power head mechanism to lift described power head mechanism (DL);Described Fixed pulley (69) is rotatably assorted with fixed pulley bearing (70), depending on pulley support (70) and described drilling cramp (30) upper end is fixed.
Carry bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described suction Dust hood sled mechanism (X) includes hoist cylinder (71) and dust shield rubber (75), wherein hoist cylinder (71) Being vertically arranged, this hoist cylinder upper end is hinged with described drilling cramp (30), hoist cylinder (71) lower end and cunning Plate (72) is connected, and this slide plate can be driven to lift;The upper left and right of described slide plate (72) is arranged with one and leads To assembly, slide plate (72) can be guided in lifting process by this guidance set;Described slide plate (72) is upper solid It is provided with connecting plate (73), bottom this connecting plate, is vertically installed with dust shield cover cylinder (74), this dust shield The centre bore of cover cylinder passes for described drilling rod, and is coaxially provided with an institute in dust shield cover cylinder (74) lower port State dust shield rubber (75);
Circumferentially arranged with at least two horizontally disposed righting oil cylinder at described dust shield cover cylinder (74) upper port (76), the piston rod external part of each righting oil cylinder is installed with a wiper block (77) respectively, and each The inner surface of wiper block has an arc notch;When all described righting oil cylinder (76) synchronization actions, The arc notch of all wiper blocks (77) inner surface forms a righting hole, this righting hole and described dust shield The axial line of cover cylinder (74) centre bore is on same straight line;The installation of all described righting oil cylinders (76) Mode is identical, and is fixed on described connecting plate (73) by righting oil cylinder installing plate (78).
10. according to the claim 1-9 bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine of arbitrary described band, it is characterised in that: Described left crawler unit is identical with the structure of right-hand track chiain running gear, and the most left crawler unit includes Left crawler belt (79) and leveling cyclinder (82), the most left crawler belt (79) is in left track driving mechanism (80) Drive lower rotation, rotate with a trunnion axis (81) on described chassis in the middle part of this left track driving mechanism and join Close;One end of described leveling cyclinder (82) is hinged with front portion, chassis, the other end of this leveling cyclinder and left shoe Tape drive mechanism (80) is anterior hinged;Trunnion axis in described left and right crawler unit is symmetrically arranged at the end Dish both sides, the leveling cyclinder in right-hand track chiain running gear is hinged with right-hand track chiain drive mechanism rear portion, and from side From the point of view of, the leveling cyclinder in left and right crawler unit is arranged in "eight" shape.
CN201610317487.5A 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 One kind is with bimotored high-speed hydraulic drilling machine CN106014203B (en)

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JPH0776983A (en) * 1993-08-06 1995-03-20 Masatoshi Uchihashi Machine drill used by mounting on arm of hydraulic shovel type excavator
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CN201786244U (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-04-06 北京市三一重机有限公司 Rotary drilling rig
CN102678062A (en) * 2012-05-24 2012-09-19 北京市三一重机有限公司 Support mechanism and rotary drill rig
CN104196445A (en) * 2014-08-29 2014-12-10 桂林市华力重工机械有限责任公司 Deflection-swinging type semi-automatic rod replacing hydraulic rock drilling machine
CN204024497U (en) * 2014-08-25 2014-12-17 北京南车时代机车车辆机械有限公司 Drilling machine and variable-amplitude and variable-angle mechanism thereof

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4364540A (en) * 1979-03-26 1982-12-21 Etablissements Montabert S.A. Support-arm assembly for a drill or borer, particularly for subterranean applications
JPH0776983A (en) * 1993-08-06 1995-03-20 Masatoshi Uchihashi Machine drill used by mounting on arm of hydraulic shovel type excavator
JPH11310916A (en) * 1998-04-28 1999-11-09 Kobelco Constr Mach Eng Co Ltd Foundation construction machinery
CN2795434Y (en) * 2005-03-03 2006-07-12 徐州东明机械制造有限公司 Variable amplitude link rod mechanism of rotary digging and drilling machine movable arm
CN201206432Y (en) * 2008-05-05 2009-03-11 湖南山河智能机械股份有限公司;中南大学 Mobile arm amplitude mechanism for rotary drill rig
CN101298832A (en) * 2008-07-01 2008-11-05 北京市三一重机有限公司 Gin pole turnover mechanism
CN201396064Y (en) * 2009-04-29 2010-02-03 北京威施诺机械科技有限公司 Luffing mechanism and rotary drilling rig with same
CN201786244U (en) * 2010-09-30 2011-04-06 北京市三一重机有限公司 Rotary drilling rig
CN102678062A (en) * 2012-05-24 2012-09-19 北京市三一重机有限公司 Support mechanism and rotary drill rig
CN204024497U (en) * 2014-08-25 2014-12-17 北京南车时代机车车辆机械有限公司 Drilling machine and variable-amplitude and variable-angle mechanism thereof
CN104196445A (en) * 2014-08-29 2014-12-10 桂林市华力重工机械有限责任公司 Deflection-swinging type semi-automatic rod replacing hydraulic rock drilling machine

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