CN106002311A - Machine tool - Google Patents

Machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106002311A
CN106002311A CN201610017766.XA CN201610017766A CN106002311A CN 106002311 A CN106002311 A CN 106002311A CN 201610017766 A CN201610017766 A CN 201610017766A CN 106002311 A CN106002311 A CN 106002311A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
groove
liner
track
track supporting
axis
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610017766.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106002311B (en
Inventor
村泽広基
Original Assignee
兄弟工业株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2015066602A priority Critical patent/JP6337818B2/en
Priority to JP2015-066602 priority
Application filed by 兄弟工业株式会社 filed Critical 兄弟工业株式会社
Publication of CN106002311A publication Critical patent/CN106002311A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN106002311B publication Critical patent/CN106002311B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/01Frames, beds, pillars or like members; Arrangement of ways
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/01Frames, beds, pillars or like members; Arrangement of ways
    • B23Q1/017Arrangements of ways

Abstract

The invention relates to a machine tool. A table device of the machine tool comprises a mobile station. The mobile station supports the table holding a workpiece to be movable in the X-axis direction. The mobile station includes a front side rail supporting portion and a rear side rail supporting portion. The front side rail supporting portion and the rear side rail supporting portion support a pair of X-axis rails. A pair of X-axis tracks guide the table in the X-axis direction. The front side rail supporting portion has grooves at both ends and at the center thereof in the longitudinal direction. The grooves extend parallel to the X-axis direction. A liner is inserted and fixed to the inside of each of the grooves at both ends of the front side rail supporting portion. An intermediate pad is inserted and fixed to the inner side of the groove in the center of the front side rail supporting portion. When the angle deviation of the front side rail supporting portion is large, the machine tool can simply correct the angular misalignment generated by the front side rail supporting portion by simply changing the spacers and the intermediate spacers having different thicknesses in the respective grooves.

Description

Lathe
Technical field
The present invention relates to lathe.
Background technology
The lathe of Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 26478 publications records in 2014 includes table device.Workbench Worktable support is become to move in X-direction and Y direction by device.Table device include pedestal, Mobile station and workbench.Workbench surface thereon is fixing is cut part.Pedestal surface thereon includes a pair Y-axis guide rail.Y-axis guide rail guides mobile station in the Y-axis direction.Mobile station surface thereon is wrapped Include a pair X-axis guide rail.X-axis guide rail guides workbench in the X-axis direction.Workbench is by moving Dynamic platform moves in the Y-axis direction.Therefore, workbench can move in X-direction and Y direction.Y-axis Guide rail is arranged on the track installation face being located at pedestal upper surface.X-axis guide rail is arranged on is located at shifting On the track installation face of dynamic platform upper surface.Pitching (pitching) is that the glacing flatness specification in track installation face (depends on One of according to JIS_B_6191-1993).Pitching is in response to making the moving parts of translational motion in motor process The deviation size of posture and the angular deviation that produces when moving parts makees translational motion.Pitching is from benchmark position Put each position of carrying out the most successively positioning and obtain Vertical Square relative to reference position To the maximum of deflection angle.Pitching depends greatly on the precision in track installation face.
Even if the machining accuracy of track installed surface being adjusted by grinding etc., the tolerance of other each part Deviations etc. also result in the glacing flatness in track installation face when each part mutually assembles and change.Therefore, deposit In the problem that angular deviation is unstable.Above-mentioned table device on a pair Y-axis track along orthogonal to that side To configuring a pair X-axis track.The glacing flatness in the track installation face of X-axis track is when the weights such as workbench move Being widely varied in the vertical direction, therefore, the correction of particularly pitching needs a lot of man-hours.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the lathe of a kind of angular deviation that can easily revise track installation face.
The lathe of technical scheme 1 has: support the mobile object being cut part;Described mobile object is supported Become mobile mobile station;And the moving direction moved along described mobile object extends and in the direction of movement Guiding the track supporting part of this mobile object, this track supporting part is located at the top of described mobile station, described machine Bed is characterised by having: groove, and this groove is located at described track supporting part, and puts down along with described moving direction The direction of row is extended;Liner, this liner is plate-shaped, and can insert described groove in mounting or dismounting ground;And it is fixing Portion, described liner is fixed on described groove by this fixed part.When the angular deviation of track supporting part is bigger, machine Bed only need to change the liner that thickness is different in groove, and the angle that just can revise the generation of track supporting part simply is inclined Difference.
The lathe of technical scheme 2 is characterised by having: screwed hole, and this screwed hole is located at described track and is propped up Support part, and connect with described groove on the direction orthogonal with described moving direction;And screw, this screw from The side contrary with the side at described groove place is screwed together in described screwed hole, and can be freely accessible to the interior of described groove Side or the inner side from described groove are exited, and described liner has insertion groove, in the inner side of described groove from described screw thread The axle portion of the described screw that hole is prominent can insert the inner side of described insertion groove, and the cephalic par in described axle portion is with described The inner surface relative with described screwed hole of the inner side of groove abuts.When by liner insertion groove, operator passes through Instrument rotary screw in one direction.The axle portion of screw, by by the inner surface of indent, can expand groove width.Cause This, liner can be inserted the groove after expanding by operator simply.
The lathe of technical scheme 3 is characterised by, described track supporting part has installed surface, this installed surface edge Described moving direction extends, and attachment rail, and described groove is extended along the direction parallel with described installed surface. Therefore, lathe can revise pitching or the beat (yawing) of installed surface simply.
The lathe of technical scheme 4 is characterised by, also includes the pedestal supporting described mobile station, described track Supporting part both ends on described moving direction than described pedestal two ends on described moving direction towards institute Stating the protruding outside of pedestal, described groove is located at described track supporting part both ends on described moving direction, And extend parallel to arrange with described installed surface.The both ends of track supporting part are not directly supported by pedestal, because of This is easily deformed.The thickness of the liner that lathe is inserted in the groove set by track supporting part both ends by change Degree, can revise the pitching of installed surface simply.
The lathe of technical scheme 5 is characterised by, described track supporting part includes parallel to each other and difference Supporting the first track supporting part and the second track supporting part of track described in a pair, described groove is located at described first Track supporting part and the described second respective both ends of track supporting part.By pair of tracks, mobile object is propped up Support into mobile lathe and can revise the first track supporting part and the second respective peace of track supporting part simply The pitching in dress face.Lathe can revise the pitching of each installed surface, accordingly, it is capable to revise the phase of installed surface simply Position relationship mutually.
The lathe of technical scheme 6 is characterised by, described groove includes: the first groove, and this first groove is located at described The one end of the first track supporting part;Second groove, this second groove be located at described first track supporting part with institute State the other end of one end opposite side;3rd groove, the 3rd groove is located at described second track supporting part One end, and it is positioned at the side identical with described first groove;And the 4th groove, the 4th groove is located at described The other end with described one end opposite side of two track supporting parts, and it is positioned at identical with described second groove Side, described liner includes: the first liner, this first liner insert described first groove;Second liner, This second liner inserts described second groove;3rd liner, the 3rd liner inserts described 3rd groove;And the Four liners, the 4th liner inserts described 4th groove, by thickness of slab and described 4th liner of described first liner Thickness of slab be set as the first identical thickness of slab, the thickness of slab of described second liner and the thickness of slab of described 3rd liner are set Becoming the second identical thickness of slab, described first thickness of slab is different from described second thickness of slab.Therefore, lathe can make first Track supporting part and the second respective installed surface of track supporting part, therefore can letters each other towards the Direction distortion reversed Single inclination (rolling) revising two installed surfaces.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the axonometric chart of lathe 1.
Fig. 2 is the axonometric chart of mobile station 30.
Fig. 3 is the top view of mobile station 30.
Fig. 4 is the I-I alignment apparent direction sectional view shown in Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged drawing in the W1 region shown in Fig. 2.
Fig. 6 is the partial enlarged drawing in the W2 region shown in Fig. 2.
Fig. 7 is the partial enlarged drawing in the W3 region shown in Fig. 4.
Fig. 8 is the partial enlarged drawing in the W4 region shown in Fig. 4.
Fig. 9 is the top view of liner 51.
Figure 10 is the II-II alignment apparent direction sectional view shown in Fig. 9.
Figure 11 is the top view of interface 53.
Figure 12 is the rearview of interface 53.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiments of the present invention are described with reference to the accompanying drawings.In the following description, arrow institute in figure is used The left and right that shows, front and back, up and down.The left and right directions of lathe 1, fore-and-aft direction, above-below direction are X-axis respectively Direction, Y direction, Z-direction.Lathe 1 shown in Fig. 1 is the work making to be installed on main shaft (not shown) Tool (not shown) high-speed rotary transfer to be held in workbench 11 upper surface be cut part (not shown) implement cut Cut the equipment of processing.
Lathe 1 includes base station 2, column 5, main tapping 6, main shaft, table device 7, control chamber 8 Deng.Base station 2 is the metal pedestal of the approximately parallelepiped body shape extended along the longitudinal direction.Column 5 is to erect The square column of base station 2 upper back.Main tapping 6 be arranged to along column 5 front surface in the Z-axis direction Mobile.Main shaft support is become can rotate by main tapping 6 therein.Main shaft has installation in main tapping 6 bottom Hole.Main shaft is installation tool in installing hole, and is rotated by the driving of spindle motor 9.Spindle motor 9 It is located at main tapping 6 top.Main tapping 6 is by being located at the Z axis travel mechanism (not shown) of column 5 front surface And move in the Z-axis direction.Table device 7 is located on front side of base station 2 upper surface, and by workbench 11 Support into and can move in X-direction and Y direction.Workbench 11 surface thereon is protected by fixture etc. Hold and be cut part.Column 5 back side is located at by control chamber 8, and receives the number that the action to lathe 1 is controlled Control device (not shown).
Table device 7 includes that pedestal 12, Y-axis moving mechanism (not shown), mobile station 30, X-axis move Mechanism 21, workbench 11 etc..Pedestal 12 is located on front side of base station 2 upper surface, and is formed as along the longitudinal direction Extend overlooks in generally rectangular tabular.Y-axis moving mechanism is located at pedestal 12 upper surface, and includes one To Y-axis track, Y-axis ball-screw, Y-axis motor etc..A pair Y-axis track is along pedestal 12 upper surface Both ends, left and right are arranged, and guide mobile station 30 in the Y-axis direction.Y-axis ball-screw is arranged in a pair Y Between axle track, and extend along the longitudinal direction.Y-axis motor drives Y-axis ball-screw to rotate.Mobile station 30 Be formed as the approximately parallelepiped body shape extended in left-right direction, and bottom it, include nut.Nut rolls with Y-axis Ballscrew screws togather.When Y-axis motor makes Y-axis ball-screw rotate, mobile station 30 together with nut along A pair Y-axis track moves in the Y-axis direction.
Mobile station 30 includes Y-axis cover 15 on front side of it.Y-axis cover 15 will expose on front side of mobile station 30 Y-axis moving mechanism covers, and prevents chip from adhering to and is deposited in Y-axis moving mechanism.Y-axis cover 15 is along with shifting The movement in the Y-axis direction of dynamic platform 30 and stretch.Mobile station 30 is in its back side and column 5 front surface bottom Between include Rear shade for Y shaft (not shown).The Y-axis moving mechanism that Rear shade for Y shaft will be exposed on rear side of mobile station 30 Cover, prevent chip from adhering to and be deposited in Y-axis moving mechanism.The right-hand member of mobile station 30 is than pedestal 12 Right-hand member highlights more towards right side.The left end of mobile station 30 highlights more towards left side than the left end of pedestal 12.There is no structure Part is supported from underface to the two ends of mobile station 30.Therefore, the two ends of mobile station 30 are easily deformed. X-axis travel mechanism 21 is located at mobile station 30 upper surface, and include a pair X-axis track 22,23, X-axis rolling Ballscrew 24, X-axis motor 28 etc..X-axis track 22,23 move along platform 30 upper surface leading section and Rearward end is arranged, and guides workbench 11 in the X-axis direction.X-axis ball-screw 24 is arranged in X-axis rail Between road 22,23, and extend in left-right direction.X-axis motor 28 drives X-axis ball-screw 24 to rotate. Workbench 11 is formed as overlooking the tabular being rectangle, and includes nut (not shown) bottom it.Nut Screw togather with X-axis ball-screw 24.When X-axis motor 28 makes X-axis ball-screw 24 rotate, workbench 11 move in the X-axis direction along X-axis track 22,23 together with nut.Therefore, table device 7 Workbench 11 can be made to move in X-direction and Y direction.
Mobile station 30 includes X-axis cover (not shown) in both sides around.Each X-axis cover will be in mobile station 30 The X-axis travel mechanism that the left and right sides is exposed covers, and prevents chip from adhering to and is deposited in X-axis travel mechanism. X-axis cover stretches along with mobile station 30 movement in the X-axis direction.
The structure of mobile station 30 is described referring to Fig. 2~Fig. 8.As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 3, mobile station 30 extend in left-right direction, and side-glance shape is shaped generally as H shape.Mobile station 30 include main part 31, Front side track supporting part 32, rear side track supporting part 33.Main part 31 is formed as extending in left-right direction Overlook in generally rectangular tabular.Front side track supporting part 32 is arranged along the leading section of main part 31, And be formed as the wall-like erect along the vertical direction.Rear side track supporting part 33 is along the rearward end of main part 31 Arrange, and be formed as the wall-like erect along the vertical direction.Main part 31 surface left end side thereon is provided with Support platform 34 a pair.Support platform 34 configured separate in the longitudinal direction for a pair, and by upper surface to bearing 26 (with reference to Fig. 1) are supported.The left part of X-axis ball-screw 24 is supported into and can rotate by bearing 26. Main part 31 surface right-hand member side thereon is provided with a pair support platform 35.Support platform 35 for a pair at fore-and-aft direction Upper configured separate, and by upper surface, X-axis motor 28 (with reference to Fig. 1) is supported.X-axis motor 28 Output shaft extend towards left side, and be connected with the right part of X-axis ball-screw 24.X-axis motor 28 drives X-axis ball-screw 24 rotates.
The structure of track supporting part 32 on front side of explanation below.As shown in Figure 2 to 4, front side track supports Portion 32 includes track installation face 37, groove 41~43, blank part 61~63 (with reference to Fig. 4).Track installation face 37 the most substantially horizontally extend along the top of front side track supporting part 32.Track installation face 37 is the face installing X-axis track 22.Track installation face 37 the most equally spaced has multiple spiral shell Pit 371.Track installation face 37 includes the rib 37A highlighted upward along rearward end.X-axis track 22 Configuring along track installation face 37, the back side of X-axis track 22 abuts with the front surface of rib 37A and positions.X Axle track 22 the most equally spaced has multiple fixing hole 311 (with reference to Fig. 1).Fixing hole 311 Run through X-axis track 22 along the vertical direction.Be located at the fixing hole 311 of X-axis track 22 be located at track peace The mode that the screwed hole 371 in dress face 37 is relative configures, and X-axis track 22 is fixed on rail by screw (not shown) Road installed surface 37.
Groove 41 is located at the top, right part of front side track supporting part 32.Groove 41 siding track supporting part 32 in the past Right side 321 cut abreast towards left side with track installation face 37.Flat liner 51 insertion groove 41 Inner side (with reference to Fig. 5).Groove 42 is located at the top, left part of front side track supporting part 32.Groove 42 is from front side The left side 322 of track supporting part 32 is cut towards right side abreast with track installation face 37.Flat lining Pad the inner side of 52 insertion grooves 42.Groove 43 is located at the central part top of front side track supporting part 32.Groove 43 Extend parallel to track installation face 37, and run through front surface and the back side of front side track supporting part 32.Flat The inner side (with reference to Fig. 6) of interface 53 insertion groove 43 of tabular.The groove of the groove 41~43 of present embodiment Wide (height of groove) e.g. 3mm~5mm.
As shown in Figure 4, blank part 61 is located on the right side of the lower backside of front side track supporting part 32, and towards Main part 31 side opening.Blank part 61 is positioned at below groove 41.Blank part 62 is located at front side track supporting part On the left of the lower backside of 32, and towards main part 31 side opening.Blank part 62 is positioned at below groove 42.Empty Hole portion 63 is located at the lower backside substantial middle of front side track supporting part 32, and opens towards main part 31 side Mouthful.Blank part 63 by partition 66,67 be divided into successively from right side the first blank part 63A, second Blank part 63B, the 3rd blank part 63C.Second blank part 63B is configured in the left and right directions of blank part 63 Centre, and be configured at below groove 43.Blank part 61~63 is for alleviating the weight of base station 2, and is used as inciting somebody to action Liner 51,52, interface 53 insertion groove 41~43 when being fixed by the second bolt 81~84 Working space.
As it is shown in fig. 7, front side track supporting part 32 is provided with screw thread between track installed surface 37 and groove 41 Hole 323, and between groove 41 and blank part 61, it is provided with insertion hole 324 and screwed hole 325.Insert hole 324 Formed in same axle center shape with screwed hole 323.Screwed hole 325 is configured at the left side inserting hole 324.Spiral shell Pit 325 is configured at the direction of insertion downstream of liner 51 relative to inserting hole 324.The insertion of liner 51 Direction is direction from right to left.First bolt 71 enters screwed hole 325, the first spiral shell from blank part 61 sidespin The cephalic par of bolt 71 abuts with the upper inside surface of groove 41.
Although not shown, but front side track supporting part 32 is between track installed surface 37 and groove 42 (with reference to Fig. 4) And also have between groove 42 and blank part 62 and above-mentioned screwed hole 323, insertion hole 324, screwed hole 325 Two same screwed holes and a fixing hole.First bolt 72 (with reference to Fig. 4) screws in a screwed hole, The cephalic par of the first bolt 72 abuts with the upper inside surface of groove 42.
As shown in Figure 8, front side track supporting part 32 is provided with screw thread between track installed surface 37 and groove 43 Hole 326,327.Screwed hole 326,327 separates the most in the lateral direction.Front side track supporting part 32 Be provided with between groove 43 and the second blank part 63B insertion hole 328,329, screwed hole 331,332.Insert Hole 328 and screwed hole 326 are formed in same axle center shape, insert hole 329 and screwed hole 327 in same axle Heart shaped ground is formed.Screwed hole 331 is configured at the right side inserting hole 328, and screwed hole 332 is configured at insertion hole The left side of 329.First bolt 73,74 enters screwed hole 331,332 from the second blank part 63B sidespin, the The cephalic par of one bolt 73,74 abuts with the upper inside surface of groove 43.
The structure of track supporting part 33 on rear side of explanation below.Rear side track supporting part 33 props up in front side track The shape that support part 32 is symmetrical before and after being formed, as in figure 2 it is shown, rear side track supporting part 33 has track installation Face 38, groove 45~47, three blank parts.Track installation face 38 is upper along rear side track supporting part 33 Portion the most substantially horizontally extends.Track installation face 38 is the face installing X-axis track 23.Rail Road installed surface 38 includes the rib 38A highlighted upward along leading section.X-axis track 23 with X-axis rail The same fixing means in road 22 is fixed on track installation face 38 by screw.
Groove 45 is located at the top, right part of rear side track supporting part 33.Groove 46 is located at rear side track supporting part The top, left part of 33.Groove 47 is located at the central part top of rear side track supporting part 33.Flat liner The inner side of 55 insertion grooves 45.The inner side of flat liner 56 insertion groove 46.Flat interface The inner side of 57 insertion grooves 47.Rear side track supporting part 33 has and the blank part of front side track supporting part 32 61~63 blank parts in same shape.As front side track supporting part 32, rear side track supporting part 33 Be provided with screwed hole between each groove in track installed surface 38 and groove 41~43, and groove 45~47 with It is provided with screwed hole and fixing hole between three blank parts.
The shape of liner 51 is described referring to Fig. 9, Figure 10.Liner 51 is to overlook in generally rectangular Metallic plate, and there is longitudinal length L1 and lateral length L2.Side before and after longitudinal length L1 and groove 41 Roughly the same to length P1 (with reference to Fig. 5).Lateral length L2 is than the left and right directions length P2 (reference of groove 41 Fig. 5) short.The material of liner 51 can apply the ferrum Steel materials such as such as SS400, S45C.Liner 51 has slotting Enter groove 51A and insert hole 51B.Insertion groove 51A from the length direction of the one end 511 of liner 51 substantially Cave in towards the other end 512 of opposition side in substantially arc-shaped formation in centre portion.Insert hole 51B to be provided at The circular hole of the substantially central portion of liner 51, and it is positioned at the right side of insertion groove 51A.Due to liner 52,55, 56 in the shape identical with liner 51, and therefore the description thereof will be omitted.
The shape of interface 53 is described referring to Figure 11, Figure 12.Interface 53 is to overlook laterally The generally rectangular metallic plate of longer dimension, and there is longitudinal length L3 and lateral length L4.The longest Direction same length before and after degree L3 and groove 43.Lateral length L4 is than the left and right directions length of groove 43 P3 (with reference to Fig. 6) is short.Before and after groove 43, direction length is roughly the same with direction length P1 before and after groove 41. The material of interface 53 is identical with liner 51.Interface 53 has two insertion groove 53A and 53B. Insertion groove 53A from the right part of the one end 531 of interface 53 towards the other end 532 in substantially Rectangle ground depression is formed.Insertion groove 53B from the left part of the one end 531 of interface 53 towards separately One end 532 caves in formation in the form of a substantially rectangular.Insertion groove 53A and 53B separates the most in the lateral direction. Due to interface 57 (with reference to Fig. 2), in the shape identical with interface 53, therefore the description thereof will be omitted.
Illustrate to be fixed on liner 51 fixing means of groove 41 referring to Fig. 5 and Fig. 7.Operator exists Make the first bolt 71 screw togather with screwed hole 325 in blank part 61, and make the cephalic par of the first bolt 71 with The upper inside surface of groove 41 abuts.The cephalic par of the first bolt 71 is pushed up the upper inside surface of indent 41, The width of groove 41 expands in the vertical direction.Therefore, operator can be easily by liner 51 insertion groove 41. One end 511 side (with reference to Fig. 9) of liner 51 is inserted by operator from the right side of groove 41 towards left side.First The axle portion (cephalic par side) of bolt 71 is positioned at inside the insertion groove 51A of liner 51.The insertion hole of liner 51 The position of 51B and the aligned in position inserting hole 324.Operator unclamps the first bolt 71 in blank part 61, The cephalic par position making the first bolt 71 reduces.The upper inside surface of groove 41 reduces, and with on liner 51 Surface abuts.Second bolt 81 is inserted into insertion hole 324 by operator from blank part 61 side, and via lining The insertion hole 51B of pad 51 screws in screwed hole 323.Liner 51 is fixed on groove 41 by the second bolt 81.By Big in the second bolt 81 to the first bolt 71 diameter, therefore securely liner 51 can be fixed on groove 41. The fixing means that liner 52 is fixed on groove 42 is identical with above-mentioned fixing means.
Illustrate to be fixed on interface 53 fixing means of groove 43 referring to Fig. 6 and Fig. 8.Operation Person makes the first bolt 73,74 screw togather with screwed hole 331,332 in the second blank part 63B, and makes first The cephalic par of bolt 73,74 abuts with the upper inside surface of groove 43.The cephalic par of the first bolt 73,74 Being pushed up the upper inside surface of indent 43, the width of groove 43 expands in the vertical direction.Operator can be easy Ground is by interface 53 insertion groove 43.Operator is by one end 531 side (with reference to Figure 11) of interface 53 Insert from the front side of groove 43 towards rear side.Operator also can be by one end 531 side of interface 53 from groove 43 Rear side towards front side insert.The axle portion (cephalic par side) of the first bolt 73,74 is positioned at inserting of interface 53 Enter inside groove 53A, 53B.The position of insertion groove 53A, 53B of interface 53 and insertion hole 328,329 Aligned in position.Operator unclamps the first bolt 73,74 in the second blank part 63B, and makes the first bolt 73, the cephalic par position of 74 reduces.The upper inside surface of groove 43 reduces, and with interface 53 upper surface Abut.Operator from the second blank part 63B side by the second bolt 83,84 respectively be inserted into insertion hole 328, 329, and screw in screwed hole 326,327.Interface 53 is fixed on groove 43 by the second bolt 83,84. Owing to the second bolt 83,84 to the first bolt 73,74 diameter is big, therefore can be by firm for interface 53 Ground is fixed on groove 43.By liner 55,56, interface 57 be fixed on the groove of rear side track supporting part 33 The fixing means of 45~47 with by liner 51,52, interface 53 be fixed on front side track supporting part 32 The fixing means of groove 41~43 identical.
The pitching modification method of mobile station 30 is described referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 4.As it has been described above, it is mobile Platform 30 by liner 51,52, interface 53 be inserted and fixed to the groove 41~43 of front side track supporting part 32, And by liner 55,56, interface 57 be inserted and fixed to the groove 45~47 of rear side track supporting part 33. Track installed surface 37,38 is ground implementing polish by operator, using table device 7 as product Product and include the production line of factory in.Use on a production line during table device 7, the most sometimes before It is bad that the track installation face 37 of siding track supporting part 32 can produce angular deviation.It is different that operator exchanges thickness Liner 51,52 or interface 53, and passed through the second bolt 81~84 (with reference to Fig. 4) and be fixed on The groove 41~43 of front side track supporting part 32.Therefore, mobile station 30 can make track installation face 37 up and down Random variation on direction, thus the pitching correction in track installation face 37 can be carried out simply.Rear side track props up The track installation face 38 of support part 33 is also the same.
The inclination correction method of mobile station 30 is described referring to Fig. 2.Mobile station 30 is by front side track Supporting part 32 and rear side track supporting part 33 support a pair X-axis track 22,23 (with reference to Fig. 1).Track is pacified Dress face 37,38 torsional deflection the most in the vertical direction.Such as, sometimes at track installation face 37 The heeling condition that left end side is relatively low in right-hand member side is higher, on the other hand, track installation face 38 is then in the right side Side is relatively low and heeling condition that left end side is higher.Be installed on track installation face 37,38 X-axis track 22, 23 reverse the most in the vertical direction, accordingly, it would be desirable to carry out the correction tilted.As long as operator changes insertion The liner 51,52 of groove 41 and 42 and the thickness of the liner 55 and 56 of insertion groove 45 and 46.
In the present embodiment, such as the thickness of slab of liner 51 and the thickness of slab of liner 56 are set to identical thickness of slab T1 (such as 5mm).The groove 41 of track supporting part 32 on front side of liner 51 insertion.Liner 56 insert division is at groove The groove 46 of the rear side track supporting part 33 on the diagonal of 41.In the present embodiment, such as by liner 52 Thickness of slab and the thickness of slab of liner 55 be set to identical thickness of slab T2 (such as 10mm).Liner 52 inserts front side rail The groove 42 of road supporting part 32.Liner 55 insert division rear side track supporting part 33 on the diagonal of groove 42 Groove 45.So-called thickness of slab, refers to each liner 51,52,55,56 insertion groove 41,42,45,46 Time each liner 51,52,55,56 length on the direction intersected vertically with groove 41,42,45,46.
In the present embodiment, thickness of slab T1 < thickness of slab T2 it is adjusted to.Thickness of slab T1 because of liner 51 and 52 With the difference of T2, the left end side in track installation face 37 is raised and right-hand member side reduces.Plate because of liner 55 and 56 The difference of thick T1 and T2, the left end side in track installation face 38 reduces and right-hand member side is raised.Therefore, mobile station 30 can be towards the Direction distortion of the torsion revising track installation face 37,38, accordingly, it is capable to tilt simply Correction.In the above example, the thickness of slab of liner 51 and the thickness of slab of liner 56 are set to identical thickness of slab T1, But each thickness of slab also can be different from each other.Similarly, the thickness of slab of liner 52 and the thickness of slab of liner 55 can the most not yet With.
In the above description, workbench 11 is the example of mobile object of the present invention.Front side track supporting part 32 is an example of the first track supporting part of the present invention.Rear side track supporting part 33 is second rail of the present invention One example of road supporting part.Second bolt 81~84 is an example of the fixed part of the present invention.Track installation face 37A, 38A is an example of the installed surface of the present invention.Be located at the screwed hole 325 of front side track supporting part 32,331, 332 is an example of the screwed hole of the present invention.First bolt 71~74 is an example of the screw of the present invention.It is located at The insertion groove 51A of liner 51, it is located at the insertion groove that insertion groove 53A, 53B of interface 53 are the present invention An example.Groove 41 is an example of first groove of the present invention.Groove 42 is an example of second groove of the present invention.Groove 45 is an example of the 3rd groove of the present invention.Groove 46 is an example of the 4th groove of the present invention.Liner 51 is this One example of the first bright liner.Liner 52 is an example of second liner of the present invention.Liner 55 is the present invention An example of the 3rd liner.Liner 56 is an example of the 4th liner of the present invention.Thickness of slab T1 is the present invention One example of the first thickness of slab.Thickness of slab T2 is an example of second thickness of slab of the present invention.
As it has been described above, the lathe 1 of present embodiment includes table device 7.Table device 7 is by work Platform 11 supports into and can move in X-direction and Y direction.The mobile station 30 of table device 7 is by work Station 11 supports into and can move in the X-axis direction.Mobile station 30 includes front side track supporting part at an upper portion thereof 32 and rear side track supporting part 33.Front side track supporting part 32 and rear side track supporting part 33 are at workbench Extend along this moving direction between the moving direction two ends of 11, and support X-axis track 22,23.X-axis track 22,23 workbench 11 is guided in the X-axis direction.Front side track supporting part 32 and rear side track supporting part 33 There is groove 41~43.Groove 41~43 and X-direction extend parallel to arrange, at the inner side energy of groove 41~43 Mounting or dismounting ground insert liner 51,52, interface 53.Liner 51,52, interface 53 is respectively by the Two bolts 81~84 are fixed.Such as, at track installation face 37, the rear side track of front side track supporting part 32 When the angular deviation in the track installation face 38 of supporting part 33 is bigger, lathe 1 only need to change in groove 41~43 The different liner of upper thickness 51,52, interface 53, just can revise track installation face 37,38 simply The angular deviation produced.
The front side track supporting part 32 of present embodiment has screwed hole 325.Screwed hole 325 vertically side To extension, and connect with groove 41 from below.First bolt 71 is from blank part 61 side contrary with groove 41 side It is screwed together in screwed hole 325, and the inner side of groove 41 can be entered or exit from the inner side of groove 41.Insertion groove 41 Liner 51 there is insertion groove 51A.In the inner side of groove 41 from the first prominent bolt 71 of screwed hole 325 Axle portion can insert the inner side of insertion groove 51A.Inside the cephalic par in the axle portion of the first bolt 71 and groove 41 The inner surface relative with screwed hole 325 abuts.When by liner 51 insertion groove 41, operator passes through instrument Rotate the first bolt 71 in one direction.The axle portion of the first bolt 71 is by the inner surface by indent 41, energy The width of enlarged slot 41.Therefore, the groove 41 after liner 51 can be inserted expansion by operator simply.
Front side track supporting part 32 and the rear side track supporting part 33 of present embodiment have track installation face 37、38.Track installation face 37,38 extends along X-direction, and installs X-axis track 22,23.Groove 41~ 43 extend parallel to arrange with track installation face 37,38.Therefore, lathe 1 can revise track peace simply The pitching in dress face 37,38.
The groove 41,42 of present embodiment is respectively arranged on the X-direction both ends of front side track supporting part 32, And extend parallel to arrange with track installation face 37.The two ends of front side track supporting part 32 are than pedestal 12 Protruding outside towards pedestal 12 of the two ends of workbench 11 moving direction.The two ends of front side track supporting part 32 It is easily deformed because not having component to support from underface.Lathe 1 is inserted into front side track supporting part by change The thickness of the liner 51,52 in each groove 41,42 set by 32 both ends, can revise simply and be easily deformed The pitching at two ends, track installation face 37.
In addition to above-mentioned embodiment, the present invention also can carry out various change.In the above-described embodiment, In the right part of front side track supporting part 32, left part, central part groove 41~43 and insert lining respectively is set Pad 51,52, interface 53, but the position of groove and number are not limited to above-mentioned embodiment.Such as, Present embodiment also can omit certain groove in groove 41~43, it is possible between groove 41 and groove 43, groove 42 And add groove between groove 43 further.Rear side track supporting part 33 is also the same.
In the above-described embodiment, front side track supporting part 32 and rear side track supporting part 33 with track The parallel mode of installed surface 37,38 arranges groove 41~43, by changing the liner inserting this groove 41~43 51,52, the thickness of interface 53, the correction of pitching can be carried out.Before and after this groove 41~43, direction is long Spend longer than above-below direction length.In the above-described embodiment, the most also can be front side track supporting part 32 He Rear side track supporting part 33 arranges the groove that fore-and-aft direction length is shorter than above-below direction length, is inserted by change The thickness of the liner of this groove, makes track installation face 37,38 random variation in the horizontal direction.Insert for liner The groove entered such as is located at front surface or the back side of front side track supporting part 32 in the way of vertically extending Or the front surface of front side track supporting part 32 and the back side.Therefore, this variation can be revised simply The beat in track installation face 37,38.Beat refers to the one in the position error of lathe, and it represents center The direction of rotation error of axle.In the above-described embodiment, the movement of table device 7 is applied the present invention to Platform 30, but also can apply the present invention to mobile object is supported into mobile component, the most also can apply In the pedestal 12 of table device 7, Z axis travel mechanism etc..
The table device 7 of above-mentioned embodiment makes workbench 11 in X-direction and Y direction the two The side of axle moves up, but also can make on the workbench 11 direction more than the direction of an axle or two axles Mobile.The table device 7 of above-mentioned embodiment arranges Y-axis moving mechanism also at the upper surface of pedestal 12 Upper surface in mobile station 30 arranges X-axis travel mechanism 21 but it also may be to set at the upper surface of pedestal 12 ZhiXZhou travel mechanism, the table device of Y-axis moving mechanism is set at the upper surface of mobile station.
The lathe 1 of above-mentioned embodiment be the main shaft of installation tool can move along Z-direction, workbench 11 The lathe that can move along X-axis and Y direction the two axle.Relative to workbench 11 at X-axis, Y-axis, Z On direction of principal axis, the structure of the travel mechanism of the instrument of relative movement is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment.Such as, exist Workbench 11 it is formed to fixing or rotates and make column machine of movement in X-direction and Y direction In the case of Chuan, the groove of the present invention only need to be located at and upright supports becomes mobile moving body.Above-mentioned reality The lathe 1 executing mode is the vertical machine that main shaft extends along Z-direction but it also may be that main shaft is along level side To the horizontal machine tool extended.
In the above-described embodiment, such as when by liner 51 insertion groove 41, operator makes screw-in screwed hole First bolt 71 of 325 rotates in one direction, by being pushed up the upper inside surface of indent 41, can expand Vat 41, but screwed hole 325 and the first bolt 71 also can omit.
The table device 7 of above-mentioned embodiment be provided with a pair Y-axis track and a pair X-axis track 22, 23, but the radical of Y-axis track and X-axis track is not limited to two, it is also possible to it is one or more than two.

Claims (6)

1. a lathe (1), including: support the mobile object (11) being cut part;By described movement Object support becomes mobile mobile station (30);And the moving direction moved along described mobile object prolongs Stretch and guide in the direction of movement the track supporting part (22,23) of this mobile object, this track supporting part It is located at the top of described mobile station, it is characterised in that
Described lathe has:
Groove (41~43,45~47), this groove is located at described track supporting part, and along and described movement side Extended to parallel direction;
Liner (51~53,55~57), this liner is plate-shaped, and can insert described groove in mounting or dismounting ground;With And
Fixed part (81~84), described liner is fixed on described groove by this fixed part.
2. lathe as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that
Described lathe has:
Screwed hole (325,331,332), this screwed hole is located at described track supporting part, and with described Connect with described groove on the direction that moving direction is orthogonal;And
Screw (71,72,73,74), this screw is from the side spiral shell contrary with the side at described groove place Together in described screwed hole, and the inner side of described groove can be freely accessible to or exit from the inner side of described groove,
Described liner has insertion groove (51A, 53A, 53B), in the inner side of described groove from described screwed hole The axle portion of prominent described screw can insert the inner side of described insertion groove,
The inner surface that the cephalic par in described axle portion is relative with the inner side of described groove and described screwed hole supports Connect.
3. lathe as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that
Described track supporting part has installed surface (37A, 38A), and this installed surface prolongs along described moving direction Stretch, and attachment rail,
Described groove is extended along the direction parallel with described installed surface.
4. lathe as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that
Described lathe also includes the pedestal (12) supporting described mobile station,
Described track supporting part both ends on described moving direction than described pedestal in described movement side Two ends upwards are protruding outside towards described pedestal,
Described groove is located at described track supporting part both ends on described moving direction, and with described peace Dress face extends parallel to arrange.
5. lathe as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that
Described track supporting part includes parallel to each other and supports the first rail of track described in a pair respectively Road supporting part (32) and the second track supporting part (33),
Described groove is located at described first track supporting part and the described second respective two ends of track supporting part Portion.
6. lathe as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that
Described groove includes:
First groove (41), this first groove is located at the one end of described first track supporting part;
Second groove (42), this second groove is located at the contrary with described one end of described first track supporting part The other end of side;
3rd groove (45), the 3rd groove is located at the one end of described second track supporting part, and be positioned at The side that described first groove is identical;And
4th groove (46), the 4th groove is located at the contrary with described one end of described second track supporting part The other end of side, and it is positioned at the side identical with described second groove,
Described liner includes:
First liner (51), this first liner inserts described first groove;
Second liner (52), this second liner inserts described second groove;
3rd liner (55), the 3rd liner inserts described 3rd groove;And
4th liner (56), the 4th liner inserts described 4th groove,
The thickness of slab of described first liner and the thickness of slab of described 4th liner are set as the first identical thickness of slab (T1),
The thickness of slab of described second liner and the thickness of slab of described 3rd liner are set as the second identical thickness of slab (T2),
Described first thickness of slab is different from described second thickness of slab.
CN201610017766.XA 2015-03-27 2016-01-12 Lathe CN106002311B (en)

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