CN105963505A - 一种治疗失眠的中药足浴散剂 - Google Patents

一种治疗失眠的中药足浴散剂 Download PDF

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CN105963505A
CN105963505A CN201610292971.7A CN201610292971A CN105963505A CN 105963505 A CN105963505 A CN 105963505A CN 201610292971 A CN201610292971 A CN 201610292971A CN 105963505 A CN105963505 A CN 105963505A
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刘秀梅
孙培培
张华�
周传林
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刘秀梅
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种治疗失眠的中药足浴散剂,其是由下述重量份配比的中药原料制成:当归50份、红花15份、苏木15份、泽兰10份、生地25份、艾叶15份、刺五加20份、生首乌20份、党参15份、柴胡10份、木香10份、酸枣仁50份、夜交藤50份、磁石30份、菊花10份、黄芩10份、合欢皮20份、百合15份、琥珀10份、远志10份、柏子仁20份、龙眼肉20份、茯神25份、白术15份、黄芪15份、川芎10份、山茱萸20份、焦神曲10份、五味子10份、陈皮5份、熟地20份、煅牡蛎25份、煅龙骨25份。本发明各中药原料经辨证配伍,共奏补血滋阴、宁心安神之功效,可缓解疲劳、消除头痛、促进睡眠,对失眠患者疗效显著。

Description

一种治疗失眠的中药足浴散剂
技术领域
[0001]本发明涉及一种治疗失眠的药物,具体地说是涉及一种治疗失眠的中药足浴散剂,属于中药技术领域。
背景技术
[0002]现代人生活繁忙,经济压力和精神压力都很大,受到失眠困扰的人越来越多。失眠主要表现为入睡困难,或寐而不酣,时寐时醒,或醒后不能再寐,重则彻夜不寐。常见导致失眠的原因主要为脏腑机能紊乱,尤其是心的温阳功能与肾的滋阴功能不能协调、气血亏虚、阴阳失调等。长期失眠的人会有头痛、头晕等症状,还会导致心脏病、神经衰弱等慢性疾病。
[0003]治疗失眠的药品有很多,但目前市面上仍未有药物可根治失眠。一些治疗失眠的常用药,如安定、利眠宁、异戊已比妥、戊已比妥等,只能控制病情,暂时缓解症状,长期服用会伤害脑神经,副作用很大,对心脏、肾脏、肝脏都会造成损害,而且会产生依赖性。
[0004]足浴疗法属足疗诸法中的一种,也同属中医外治法。在中医文化中,足浴疗法源远流长,它源于我国远古时代,是人们在长期的社会实践中的知识积累和经验总结,至今已有3000多年的历史传统。
[0005]古人曾经有过许多对足浴的经典记载和描述,苏东坡曰“:热浴足法,其效初不甚觉,但积累百余日,功用不可量,比之服药,其效百倍”又在诗中写道“它人劝我洗足眠,倒床不复闻钟鼓”。清朝外治法祖师在《理论骈文》道“临卧濯足,三阴皆起于足,指寒又从足心入,濯之所以温阴,而却寒也”。
[0006]虽然中华文明史已历经数千年的演变,但这一中华传统保健术之精华并未因此而被人们遗弃,相反它不但被继承下来,而且得到了更大的发展。
发明内容
[0007]本发明的目的在于提供一种治疗失眠的中药足浴散剂。
[0008]本发明所采用的技术解决方案是:
[0009] —种治疗失眠的中药足浴散剂,其是由下述重量份配比的中药原料制成:当归50份、红花15份、苏木15份、泽兰10份、生地25份、艾叶15份、刺五加20份、生首乌20份、党参15份、柴胡10份、木香10份、酸枣仁50份、夜交藤50份、磁石30份、菊花10份、黄芩10份、合欢皮20份、百合15份、琥泊10份、远志10份、柏子仁20份、龙眼肉20份、茯神25份、白术15份、黄芪15份、川;10份、山茱萸20份、焦神曲10份、五味子10份、陈皮5份、熟地20份、煅牡蛎25份、煅龙骨25份。
[0010]上述白术优选土炒白术;上述黄芪优选黄芪蜜炙。
[0011 ]上述治疗失眠的中药足浴散剂的制备方法及使用方法,具体如下:
[0012]按照上述的配方选择中药原料,将以上各中药原料成分混匀打成粉,然后用棉布包上缝好即得中药足浴散剂。每包50克,每次使用一包,先用煮沸的水将包浸泡10分钟,再加入水使水温至45摄氏度左右,盆中药液量应该浸没踝关节,每次泡脚30分钟以上。
[0013]本发明的药理及效果如下:
[0014]针对失眠患者,本发明有针对性的选取当归、红花、苏木等共34味中药原料,其中:当归补血活血;红花活血通经,散瘀止痛;苏木活血祛瘀,消肿定痛;泽兰活血化瘀,行水消月中;生地凉血滋阴;艾叶散寒止痛,温经止血;刺五加有镇静作用;生首乌补益肝肾、益精血、壮筋骨;党参补气;柴胡有解除胸闷胀痛,开郁调经作用;木香行气,止痛,健脾,消食;酸枣仁养肝,宁心,安神,敛汗。夜交藤养心,安神,通络,祛风;磁石平肝潜阳、安神镇惊;菊花疏散风热、消肿解毒;黄芩清热燥湿,解毒;合欢皮有解郁、和血、宁心、消痈肿之功效;百合宁心安神;琥I自镇惊安神、散瘀止血、利水通淋;远志安神益智,祛痰,消肿;柏子仁养心安神,润肠通便;龙眼肉有补气益血之功效;茯神有渗湿、健脾、宁心等功能;白术除湿益燥,和中益气;黄芪有益气固表、敛汗固脱、托疮生肌、利水消肿之功效;川芎活血行气,祛风止痛;山茱萸补益肝肾,收敛固涩;焦神曲温食和胃;五味子敛肺,滋肾,生津,收汗,涩精;陈皮理气健脾,燥湿化痰;熟地具有补血滋阴功效;煅牡蛎收敛固涩,制酸止痛,重镇安神,软坚散结;煅龙骨具有镇惊安神,敛汗固精,止血涩肠,生肌敛疮的作用。全方配伍,共奏补血滋阴、宁心安神之功效,可缓解疲劳、消除头痛、促进睡眠,对失眠患者疗效显著。
[0015]采用本发明中药足浴散剂进行临床试验:
[0016] 1、一般资料:临床观察失眠患者50例,失眠持续在I个月以上,其中男21例,女29例,年龄在18-70岁之间,上述患者按下述标准进行诊断选择。
[0017] 2、诊断标准
[0018] 西医诊断标准:参照《中国精神疾病分类与诊断标准(CCND-2-R)》中失眠症诊断标注制定:
[0019] (I)以睡眠障碍为唯一症状,其他症状均继发于失眠,如难以入睡、睡眠不深、易醒、多梦、早醒、醒后难以入睡及醒后不适(头晕、乏力、困倦等);
[0020] (2)上述障碍每周至少发生3次,并持续I个月以上;
[0021 ] (3)伴发有精神活动效率下降,影响正常工作,或妨碍社会活动;
[0022] (4)不是任何一种躯体病或精神障碍的伴发症。就诊前I周内未服用任何镇静安神药。
[0023] 3、治疗方式
[0024]患者采用本发明中药足浴散剂进行睡眠治疗,每次使用一包,每包50克,先用煮沸的水将包浸泡10分钟,再加入水使水温至45摄氏度左右,盆中药液量应该浸没踝关节,每次泡脚30分钟以上,连续使用1-2个月,随后观察患者情况。
[0025] 4、疗效判断
[0026] 临床痊愈:睡眠时间恢复正常或夜间睡眠时间在6h以上,睡眠深沉,醒后精神充沛;
[0027] 显效:睡眠明显好转,睡眠时间增加3h以上,睡眠深度增加;
[0028]有效:症状减轻,睡眠时间较前增加不足3h;
[0029]无效:治疗后失眠无明显改善或反而加重。
[0030] 5、治疗结果
[0031] 50例失眠患者中,临床痊愈13例,占26 % ;显效25例,占50 % ;有效11例,占22 % ;无效I例,占2%,总有效率为98%。
[0032] 典型病例
[0033] 王某,女,36岁,因工作时间长,入寐艰难,出现头晕头痛,口干心烦,睡眠时间短,醒后精神萎靡等症状。经使用本发明中药足浴散剂2个月后,基本痊愈,脸色红润,头晕头痛症状消失,醒后精神焕发。
具体实施方式
[0034] —种治疗失眠的中药足浴散剂,它是由下述重量的中药原料制成:当归50克、红花15克、苏木15克、泽兰10克、生地25克、艾叶15克、刺五加20克、生首乌20克、党参15克、柴胡10克、木香10克、生(酸)枣仁50克、夜交藤50克、磁石30克、菊花10克、黄芩10克、合欢皮20克、百合15克、琥珀10克、远志10克、柏子仁20克、龙眼肉20克、茯神25克、土炒白术15克、黄芪蜜炙15克、川芎10克、山茱萸20克、焦神曲10克、五味子10克、陈皮5克、熟地20克、煅牡蛎25克、煅龙骨25克(先煎)。
[0035]制备方法及使用方法,具体如下:
[0036]按照上述配方称取中药原料,将以上各中药原料成分混匀打成粉,然后用棉布包上缝好即得中药足浴散剂。每包50克,每次使用一包,先用煮沸的水将包浸泡10分钟,再加入水使水温至45摄氏度左右,盆中药液量应该浸没踝关节,每次泡脚30分钟以上。

Claims (1)

1.一种治疗失眠的中药足浴散剂,其特征在于它是由下述重量份配比的中药原料制成:当归50份、红花15份、苏木15份、泽兰10份、生地25份、艾叶15份、刺五加20份、生首乌20份、党参15份、柴胡10份、木香10份、酸枣仁50份、夜交藤50份、磁石30份、菊花10份、黄芩10份、合欢皮20份、百合15份、琥珀10份、远志10份、柏子仁20份、龙眼肉20份、茯神25份、白术15份、黄芪15份、川;1份、山茱萸20份、焦神曲10份、五味子1份、陈皮5份、熟地20份、煅牡蛎25份、煅龙骨25份。
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