CN105936202A - Control method for vehicle-mounted air conditioning system and vehicle-mounted air conditioning system - Google Patents

Control method for vehicle-mounted air conditioning system and vehicle-mounted air conditioning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105936202A
CN105936202A CN201610435852.2A CN201610435852A CN105936202A CN 105936202 A CN105936202 A CN 105936202A CN 201610435852 A CN201610435852 A CN 201610435852A CN 105936202 A CN105936202 A CN 105936202A
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China
Prior art keywords
real time
accumulator
compressor
running frequency
temperature
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Granted
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CN201610435852.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105936202B (en
Inventor
郑雄
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Midea Group Co Ltd
Midea Group Wuhan Refrigeration Equipment Co Ltd
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Midea Group Co Ltd
Midea Group Wuhan Refrigeration Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610435852.2A priority Critical patent/CN105936202B/en
Publication of CN105936202A publication Critical patent/CN105936202A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60HARRANGEMENTS OF HEATING, COOLING, VENTILATING OR OTHER AIR-TREATING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PASSENGER OR GOODS SPACES OF VEHICLES
    • B60H1/00Heating, cooling or ventilating [HVAC] devices
    • B60H1/00642Control systems or circuits; Control members or indication devices for heating, cooling or ventilating devices
    • B60H1/00735Control systems or circuits characterised by their input, i.e. by the detection, measurement or calculation of particular conditions, e.g. signal treatment, dynamic models

Abstract

The invention discloses a control method for a vehicle-mounted air conditioning system and the vehicle-mounted air conditioning system. The control method includes the following steps that S1, the command information of the set temperature of a user is received, the real-time electric quantity of a storage battery is detected, the internal environment temperature in a carriage is detected, and the external light intensity of the outside of the carriage is detected; S2, the minimum operating frequency is obtained according to the set temperature, the real-time electric quantity, the internal environment temperature and the external light intensity, and the real-time operating frequency of a compressor is adjusted to the minimum operating frequency; S3, according to the proportional relationship between the real-time electric quantity of the storage battery and the total charging capacity of the storage battery, the real-time operating frequency of the compressor, the rotating speed of an indoor draught fan and the rotating speed of an outdoor draught fan are adjusted. According to the control method for the vehicle-mounted air conditioning system, the endurance time of the storage battery can be prolonged to prolong the operating time of the vehicle-mounted air conditioning system to meet the comfort degree of the user using the vehicle-mounted air conditioning system, and damage caused by the exhausted electric quantity of the storage battery to the storage battery is avoided.

Description

The control method of mounted air conditioner system and mounted air conditioner system
Technical field
The present invention relates to air-conditioning technical field, especially relate to control method and the car of a kind of mounted air conditioner system Carry air conditioning system.
Background technology
Usually, vehicle be provided with mounted air conditioner system with regulation compartment in temperature, mounted air conditioner system lead to Frequently with storage battery power supply.But, the mounted air conditioner system in correlation technique is big due to its energy consumption, accumulator Easily exhausting electricity in the short period of time, this not only cannot meet user and use the comfortable of mounted air conditioner system Degree, and accumulator electric-quantity exhausts and is easily damaged accumulator, shortens the service life of accumulator.Meanwhile, Mounted air conditioner system in correlation technique according to the change of environmental condition, cannot optimize the property of mounted air conditioner system Energy.
Summary of the invention
It is contemplated that one of technical problem solved the most to a certain extent in correlation technique.To this end, this Invention proposes the control method of a kind of mounted air conditioner system, can adjust the fortune of mounted air conditioner system timely and accurately Line parameter is to play the performance of mounted air conditioner system to greatest extent, thus plays energy-conservation effect, the most also may be used The cruising time extending accumulator uses vehicle-mounted with the operation time extending mounted air conditioner system to meet user The comfort level of air conditioning system, it is to avoid damage accumulator caused because accumulator electric-quantity exhausts and electric power storage The shortening in pond service life.
The present invention also proposes a kind of mounted air conditioner system.
The control method of mounted air conditioner system according to embodiments of the present invention, described mounted air conditioner system includes pressure Contracting machine, indoor fan, outdoor fan and accumulator, described accumulator respectively with described compressor, described room Inner blower is connected with described outdoor fan to carry to described compressor, described indoor fan and described outdoor fan Power supply source, described control method comprises the steps: S1: receive the command information of the design temperature of user, Detecting the real time electrical quantity of described accumulator, the interior environment temperature in detection compartment, outside detection vehicle exterior Portion's light intensity;S2: according to described design temperature, described real time electrical quantity, described interior environment temperature and institute State extraneous light intensity and obtain minimum running frequency, the real time execution frequency of described compressor is adjusted to described Minimum running frequency;S3: according between real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of described accumulator of described accumulator Proportionate relationship, adjust the real time execution frequency of described compressor, the rotating speed of described indoor fan and described room The rotating speed of outer blower fan.
The control method of mounted air conditioner system according to embodiments of the present invention, by receiving the design temperature of user Command information, the interior environment temperature in the detection real time electrical quantity of accumulator, compartment and outside outside compartment Light intensity, and according to the real time electrical quantity of the accumulator detected, design temperature, interior environment temperature and outer Portion's light intensity obtains minimum running frequency the real time execution frequency of compressor to be adjusted to minimum operation frequency Rate, then according to the proportionate relationship between real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator of accumulator, adjusts pressure The real time execution frequency of contracting machine, the rotating speed of indoor fan and the rotating speed of outdoor fan, not only can be according to compartment The change of the environmental conditions such as the interior environment temperature in the extraneous light intensity of outside, compartment and the finger of user The charge capacity etc. making information and accumulator adjusts the operational factor of mounted air conditioner system timely and accurately with maximum Limit plays the performance of mounted air conditioner system, thus plays energy-conservation effect, the most also can extend accumulator Cruising time uses relaxing of mounted air conditioner system with the operation time extending mounted air conditioner system to meet user Appropriateness, it is to avoid the damage that accumulator caused because accumulator electric-quantity exhausts and service lifetime of accumulator Shorten.
According to some embodiments of the present invention, in step s 2, according to the reality of the described accumulator detected Time electricity select compressor first setting running frequency, according to design temperature select compressor second setting Running frequency, selects compressor according to the difference of interior environment temperature or interior environment temperature and design temperature The 3rd setting running frequency, according to described extraneous light intensity select compressor the 4th setting run frequency Rate, the most described first sets running frequency, described second setting running frequency, described 3rd setting operation Frequency and the described 4th sets running frequency and obtains minimum running frequency, by the real time execution frequency of described compressor Rate adjusts to described minimum running frequency.
According to some embodiments of the present invention, in step s 2, according to described design temperature, described in real time Two of which in electricity, described interior environment temperature and described extraneous light intensity obtains first and compares operation Frequency, according to described design temperature, described real time electrical quantity, described interior environment temperature and described extraneous light Another two in intensity obtains second and compares running frequency, and relatively described first compares running frequency and described the Two compare running frequency obtains described minimum running frequency.
According to some embodiments of the present invention, described step S3 includes following sub-step: S31: when described storage When the ratio value A of the real time electrical quantity of battery and total charge capacity is less than 1/x, by the real time execution of described compressor Frequency reduces C%;S32: as real time electrical quantity and the ratio value A≤B of described total charge capacity of described accumulator Time, stopping described compressor and described outdoor fan, described indoor fan continues to run with;S33: when described During the ratio value A≤D of the real time electrical quantity of accumulator and described total charge capacity, stop described indoor fan, its Middle D < B≤1/x.
Specifically, when the motor of described indoor fan is direct current generator, in step S31, institute is also controlled The rotating speed stating indoor fan increases, and in step s 32, is also reduced to original by the rotating speed of described indoor fan Rotating speed.
Specifically, when the motor of described outdoor fan is direct current generator, in step S31, institute is also controlled The rotating speed stating outdoor fan increases.
Specifically, the span of described B is (1/3x)-(1/x), and the span of described D is 0- (1/3x), the span of described X is 3-5, and described C value is 10-50.
Mounted air conditioner system according to embodiments of the present invention, including: indoor set, off-premises station and accumulator, institute Stating indoor set to be located in compartment, described off-premises station is located at outside described compartment, and described indoor set includes indoor fan, Described off-premises station includes outdoor fan and compressor, described accumulator respectively with described compressor, described indoor Blower fan is connected with described outdoor fan to provide to described compressor, described indoor fan and described outdoor fan Power supply;Described mounted air conditioner system also includes: instruction reception unit, and described instruction reception unit is used for receiving The command information of the design temperature of user;Detector unit, described detector unit detects described electric power storage in real time The real time electrical quantity in pond;Temperature collecting cell, described temperature collecting cell is for gathering the inside in described compartment Ambient temperature;Photosensitive control unit, described photosensitive control unit is for gathering the extraneous light outside described compartment Intensity;Process information unit, described process information unit respectively with described detector unit, described command reception Unit, described temperature collecting cell are connected with described photosensitive control unit, and described process information unit is according to institute State design temperature, described real time electrical quantity, described interior environment temperature and described extraneous light intensity and obtain minimum Running frequency;Control unit, described control unit is connected with described detector unit and described process information unit, The real time execution frequency of described compressor is adjusted to described minimum running frequency, then institute by described control unit State control unit according to the proportionate relationship between described real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of described accumulator, adjustment The real time execution frequency of described compressor, the rotating speed of described indoor fan and the rotating speed of described outdoor fan.
Mounted air conditioner system according to embodiments of the present invention, not only simple in construction, and can be according to outside compartment The change of the environmental conditions such as the interior environment temperature in the extraneous light intensity in portion, compartment and the instruction of user The charge capacity etc. of information and accumulator adjusts the operational factor of mounted air conditioner system timely and accurately with maximum limit Degree plays the performance of mounted air conditioner system, thus plays energy-conservation effect, the most also can extend the continuous of accumulator ETS estimated time of sailing uses the comfortable of mounted air conditioner system with the operation time extending mounted air conditioner system to meet user Degree, it is to avoid damage accumulator caused because accumulator electric-quantity exhausts and the contracting of service lifetime of accumulator Short.
According to some embodiments of the present invention, described process information unit selects compression according to described real time electrical quantity First setting running frequency of machine, described process information unit selects the second of compressor to set according to design temperature Determining running frequency, described process information unit is according to interior environment temperature or interior environment temperature and setting temperature The difference of degree selects the 3rd setting running frequency of compressor, and described process information unit is according to described exterior light Line strength selects the 4th setting running frequency of compressor, and described process information unit more described first sets Running frequency, described second setting running frequency, described 3rd setting running frequency and the described 4th set fortune Line frequency obtains minimum running frequency.
According to some embodiments of the present invention, described process information unit is according to described design temperature, described reality Time electricity, described interior environment temperature and described extraneous light intensity in two of which obtain first and compare fortune Line frequency, described process information unit is according to described design temperature, described real time electrical quantity, described internal medium Another two in temperature and described extraneous light intensity obtains second and compares running frequency, described process information list Unit more described first compares running frequency and described second and compares running frequency and obtain described minimum running frequency Rate.
According to some embodiments of the present invention, when real time electrical quantity and the ratio value of total charge capacity of described accumulator When A is less than 1/x, the real time execution frequency of described compressor is reduced C% by described control unit;When described storage During the ratio value A≤B of the real time electrical quantity of battery and described total charge capacity, described control unit controls described pressure Contracting machine and described outdoor fan stop and controlling described indoor fan continuing to run with;Real-time when described accumulator During the ratio value A≤D of electricity and described total charge capacity, described control unit controls described indoor fan and stops, Wherein D < B≤1/x.
Specifically, when the motor of described indoor fan is direct current generator, described accumulator real time electrical quantity with When the ratio value A of total charge capacity is less than 1/x, described control unit controls the rotating speed of described indoor fan and increases, When the ratio value A≤B of real time electrical quantity and described total charge capacity of described accumulator, described control unit control The rotating speed making described indoor fan is reduced to original rotating speed.
Specifically, when the motor of described outdoor fan is direct current generator, described accumulator real time electrical quantity with When the ratio value A of total charge capacity is less than 1/x, described control unit controls the rotating speed of described outdoor fan and increases.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the control method of mounted air conditioner system according to some embodiments of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of mounted air conditioner system according to some embodiments of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the control method of the mounted air conditioner system according to other embodiments of the present invention.
Reference:
Detector unit 1;Process information unit 2;Control unit 3;Instruction reception unit 4;Temperature acquisition list Unit 5;Photosensitive control unit 6.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiments of the invention are described below in detail, and the example of described embodiment is shown in the drawings.Lead to below It is exemplary for crossing the embodiment being described with reference to the drawings, it is intended to be used for explaining the present invention, and it is not intended that right The restriction of the present invention.
In describing the invention, it is to be understood that term " on ", D score, "left", "right", " perpendicular Directly ", " level ", " top ", " end " " interior ", " outward ", etc. instruction orientation or position relationship for based on accompanying drawing institute The orientation shown or position relationship, be for only for ease of the description present invention and simplify description rather than instruction or dark Show that device or the element of indication must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, the most not It is understood that as limitation of the present invention.
Additionally, term " first ", " second " are only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that instruction or hint phase To importance or the implicit quantity indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, define " first ", " Two " feature can express or implicitly include at least one this feature.In describing the invention, " many Individual " it is meant that at least two, such as two, three etc., unless otherwise expressly limited specifically.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " install ", " being connected ", " connection ", The term such as " fix " should be interpreted broadly, connect for example, it may be fixing, it is also possible to be to removably connect, Or it is integral;Can be mechanically connected, it is also possible to be electrical connection or each other can communication;Can be to be joined directly together, Can also be indirectly connected to by intermediary, can be connection or two elements mutual of two element internals Interactively, unless otherwise clear and definite restriction.For the ordinary skill in the art, can basis Concrete condition understands above-mentioned term concrete meaning in the present invention.
Describing mounted air conditioner system according to embodiments of the present invention below with reference to Fig. 2, mounted air conditioner system can be used In vehicle.Specifically, vehicle includes compartment and mounted air conditioner system, and vehicle can be used for manned and/or carries Thing.
As in figure 2 it is shown, mounted air conditioner system according to embodiments of the present invention can include indoor set, off-premises station, Accumulator, detector unit 1, process information unit 2, instruction reception unit 4, temperature collecting cell 5, sense Light control unit 6 and control unit 3.Mounted air conditioner system can be used for regulating the ambient temperature in compartment such as To freezing in compartment or heating.
In specifically indoor set is located at compartment, off-premises station is located at outside compartment.Indoor set includes indoor fan and room Interior heat exchanger, indoor heat exchanger can be with indoor environment heat exchange with temperature in regulation compartment, and indoor fan can drive Air in a car compartment blows to indoor heat exchanger to improve the heat exchange efficiency between indoor heat exchanger and air in a car compartment.
Off-premises station includes outdoor fan, outdoor heat exchanger and compressor.Compressor has air vent and gas returning port, Coolant after heat exchange can return to compressor through the gas returning port of compressor, and coolant is compressed in compressor After, can discharge from the air vent of compressor.It should be noted that the structure of compressor and operation principle by As it is known to those skilled in the art that and the most no longer describe in detail.
Outdoor heat exchanger can be with the environment heat exchange of vehicle exterior, and outdoor fan can drive the air outside compartment to blow to Outdoor heat exchanger is to improve the heat exchange efficiency between the air outside outdoor heat exchanger and compartment.
It should be noted that other structures of mounted air conditioner system and refrigeration and the operation principle heated, system Time cold, the flow direction of coolant all be as it is known to those skilled in the art that this with the flow direction of coolant when heating Place is not described in detail.
Accumulator be connected with compressor, indoor fan and outdoor fan respectively with to compressor, indoor fan and Outdoor fan provides power supply, say, that when mounted air conditioner system runs, the compression of mounted air conditioner system The power supply of machine, indoor fan and outdoor fan is provided by accumulator, consequently facilitating compressor, indoor wind Machine and the operation of outdoor fan.
Instruction reception unit 4 is for receiving command information such as design temperature, operational mode and the setting of user Wind speed etc..Such as, when mounted air conditioner system is opened, instruction reception unit 4 is for receiving user's input Operational mode, design temperature and wind speed setting etc..
Detector unit 1 is for the real time electrical quantity of detection accumulator in real time, it is to be understood that at on-board air conditioner In the running of system, the electricity of accumulator constantly reduces, and detector unit 1 can detect storage in real time The real time electrical quantity of battery is so that obtaining the situation of the electricity minimizing of accumulator.
Temperature collecting cell 5 such as temperature sensor is for gathering the interior environment temperature in compartment.Such as, Temperature collecting cell 5 can interior environment temperature in Real-time Collection compartment, or in further embodiments, Temperature collecting cell 5 can also be at interval of the regular hour such as internal medium in 1H gathers compartment Temperature.
Photosensitive control unit 6 such as light sensor is for gathering the extraneous light intensity outside compartment.Such as, Photosensitive control unit 6 can extraneous light intensity outside Real-time Collection compartment, it is, of course, understood that sense Light control unit 6 can also gather the extraneous light intensity outside compartment at interval of regular hour such as 0.5H.
Process information unit 2 respectively with detector unit 1, instruction reception unit 4, temperature collecting cell 5 and Photosensitive control unit 6 is connected, with according to design temperature, real time electrical quantity, interior environment temperature and extraneous light Intensity obtains the minimum running frequency of compressor.
Control unit 3 is connected with detector unit 1 and process information unit 2.Specifically, control unit 3 can The real time execution frequency of compressor being adjusted to minimum running frequency, then control unit 3 is according to detector unit Proportionate relationship between real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator of 1 detection, adjusts the real-time fortune of compressor Line frequency, the rotating speed of indoor fan and the rotating speed of outdoor fan.
Such as, when mounted air conditioner system is opened or just brings into operation, detector unit 1 detects accumulator in real time Real time electrical quantity, instruction reception unit 4 receives the command information of the design temperature of user, temperature collecting cell 5 gather the interior environment temperature in compartment, and photosensitive control unit 6 gathers the extraneous light intensity outside compartment, Process information unit 2 to obtain according to design temperature, real time electrical quantity, interior environment temperature and extraneous light intensity Minimum running frequency, control unit 3 is according to processing the minimum running frequency of information unit 2 acquisition by compressor Real time execution frequency be adjusted to minimum running frequency to reduce the power consumption of compressor;May be appreciated herein It is, in the running of mounted air conditioner system, if instruction reception unit receives the setting of user for more than 4 time The instruction of temperature, then process the last setting that information unit 2 receives according to instruction reception unit 4 The instruction of temperature and real time electrical quantity, interior environment temperature and extraneous light intensity obtain minimum running frequency.With Sample ground, the interior environment temperature in compartment repeatedly changes, and processing information unit 2 can be according to temperature collecting cell The 5 real-time interior environment temperature gathered or last interior environment temperature and the real time electrical quantity of collection, Design temperature and extraneous light intensity obtain minimum running frequency.In like manner, the extraneous light intensity of vehicle exterior Constantly change, process the real-time extraneous light that information unit 2 can gather according to photosensitive control unit 6 strong Degree or the last extraneous light intensity gathered obtain with interior environment temperature, real time electrical quantity and design temperature Minimum running frequency.
Subsequently, during the continuous service of mounted air conditioner system, the charge capacity of accumulator constantly reduces, When ratio between the real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator of accumulator is less than setting value, control unit 3, according to the proportionate relationship between real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator, adjust the real time execution of compressor The rotating speed of frequency, the rotating speed of indoor fan and outdoor fan is to reduce power consumption.Thus, not only simple in construction, And can be according to environmental conditions such as the interior environment temperature in the extraneous light intensity of vehicle exterior, compartment The charge capacity of change and the command information of user and accumulator adjusts mounted air conditioner system timely and accurately Operational factor is to play the performance of mounted air conditioner system to greatest extent, thus plays energy-conservation effect, also simultaneously The cruising time that can extend accumulator uses car with the operation time extending mounted air conditioner system to meet user Carry the comfort level of air conditioning system, it is to avoid damage accumulator caused because accumulator electric-quantity exhausts and storage The shortening of battery.
Mounted air conditioner system according to embodiments of the present invention, not only simple in construction, and can be according to outside compartment The change of the environmental conditions such as the interior environment temperature in the extraneous light intensity in portion, compartment and the instruction of user The charge capacity etc. of information and accumulator adjusts the operational factor of mounted air conditioner system timely and accurately with maximum limit Degree plays the performance of mounted air conditioner system, thus plays energy-conservation effect, the most also can extend the continuous of accumulator ETS estimated time of sailing uses the comfortable of mounted air conditioner system with the operation time extending mounted air conditioner system to meet user Degree, it is to avoid damage accumulator caused because accumulator electric-quantity exhausts and the contracting of service lifetime of accumulator Short.
In some embodiments of the invention, process information unit 2 and select the of compressor according to real time electrical quantity One sets running frequency.Such as, the electricity of accumulator can be divided into multiple electric power storage region, each electric power storage region Having the first setting running frequency of the compressor of correspondence, processing information unit 2 can be according to detector unit 1 First setting running frequency of the compressor that the electric power storage regional choice at real time electrical quantity place that detection obtains is corresponding.
Process information unit 2 and select the second setting running frequency of compressor according to design temperature.Such as, temperature Degree includes that multiple temperature range, each temperature range have the second setting running frequency of the compressor of correspondence, Process information unit 2 and can select corresponding compression according to the temperature range at the design temperature place of user's input Second setting running frequency of machine.
Process information unit 2 according to interior environment temperature or interior environment temperature and the difference of design temperature Select the 3rd setting running frequency of compressor.Such as, interior environment temperature includes multiple temperature province, often Individual temperature province has the 3rd setting running frequency of the compressor of correspondence, and processing information unit 2 can be according to adopting The temperature province at the interior environment temperature place of collection selects the 3rd setting running frequency of corresponding compressor.
Process information unit 2 and select the 4th setting running frequency of compressor according to extraneous light intensity.Example As, light intensity has multiple different ray regions, and there is the of the compressor of correspondence each ray regions Four set running frequency, process the extraneous light intensity that information unit 2 can gather according to photosensitive control unit 6 The ray regions at place selects the 4th setting running frequency of corresponding compressor.
Process information unit 2 and compare the first setting running frequency, the second setting running frequency, the 3rd setting fortune Line frequency and the 4th sets running frequency to obtain minimum running frequency.It is to say, process information unit 2 The first setting running frequency, the second setting running frequency, the 3rd setting running frequency and the 4th can be compared simultaneously Set running frequency to select minimum that of running frequency to be minimum running frequency among four.
Certainly, the invention is not restricted to this, in further embodiments, processing information unit 2 can also basis Two of which in design temperature, real time electrical quantity, interior environment temperature and extraneous light intensity obtains the first ratio Relatively running frequency, processes information unit 2 according to design temperature, real time electrical quantity, interior environment temperature and outside Another two in light intensity obtains second and compares running frequency, and process information unit 2 compares first and compares fortune Line frequency and second compares running frequency and obtains the minimum running frequency of compressor, simple and reliable.
In some embodiments of the invention, as real time electrical quantity and the ratio value A of total charge capacity of accumulator During less than 1/x, the real time execution frequency of compressor is reduced C% by control unit 3;Real-time when accumulator During the ratio value A≤B of electricity and total charge capacity, control unit 3 controls compressor and outdoor fan stops and Control room inner blower continues to run with;As the ratio value A≤D of real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator, Control unit 3 control room inner blower stops, wherein D < B≤1/x.
Specifically, when the real time electrical quantity of accumulator is less than 1/x with the ratio value A of total charge capacity, pass through The real time execution frequency of compressor is reduced C% by control unit 3, it is possible to decrease the power consumption of compressor, thus Extend the cruising time of accumulator;Subsequently, during mounted air conditioner system continuous service, accumulator Real time electrical quantity constantly reduces, when the ratio value A≤B of real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator, logical Crossing control unit 3 to control compressor and outdoor fan and stop and control room inner blower continues to run with, this not only may be used Reduce the mounted air conditioner system loss to accumulator electric-quantity, simultaneously the continuation fortune of indoor fan largely OK, the most sustainable air-supply in compartment guarantees that user uses the comfortable of mounted air conditioner system to a certain extent Degree;Then, during mounted air conditioner system continues to run with, the charge capacity of accumulator continues to reduce, and When the real time electrical quantity as little as certain value of accumulator makes the ratio value A≤D of real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity, Stopped closing mounted air conditioner system by control unit 3 control room inner blower, can avoid because of accumulator electric-quantity The damage exhausted and accumulator is caused, thus extend the service life of accumulator.
Specifically, when the motor of indoor fan is direct current generator, at real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator Ratio value A less than 1/x time, the rotating speed of control unit 3 control room inner blower increases, say, that While control unit 3 controls the real time execution frequency reduction C% of compressor, in control unit 3 control room The rotating speed of blower fan increases, and this not only can reduce the power consumption of mounted air conditioner system to a certain extent, extends and stores In the cruising time of battery, indoor heat exchanger and the heat exchange efficiency of environment in compartment can also be increased simultaneously, thus Ensure that user uses the comfort level of mounted air conditioner system to be not affected, improve the experience sense of user.Subsequently, exist During the continuous service of mounted air conditioner system, the charge capacity of accumulator constantly reduces, in the reality of accumulator Time electricity and total charge capacity ratio value A≤B time, the rotating speed of control unit 3 control room inner blower is reduced to Original rotating speed, say, that while control unit 3 controls compressor and outdoor fan stops, controlling Unit 3 controls the rotating speed of the indoor fan after tuning up and is reduced to original rotating speed, and this can reduce vehicle-mounted sky further The power consumption of adjusting system, extends the cruising time of accumulator, indoor fan the most also can be maintained constantly to car Blow in railway carriage or compartment, guarantee the comfort level of user to a certain extent.
In further embodiments, when the motor of outdoor fan is direct current generator, in the real time electrical quantity of accumulator When being less than 1/x with the ratio value A of total charge capacity, control unit 3 controls the rotating speed of outdoor fan and increases, also That is, while control unit 3 controls the real time execution frequency reduction C% of compressor, control unit 3 rotating speeds controlling outdoor fan tune up, this power consumption being not only advantageous to reduce mounted air conditioner system, extend The cruising time of accumulator, but also be conducive to the heat exchange efficiency increasing outdoor heat exchanger with compartment external environment, Improve refrigeration or the heating capacity of mounted air conditioner system to a certain extent, thus ensure that user uses vehicle-mounted sky The comfort level of adjusting system is not affected, and improves the experience sense of user.
Control method below with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 3 description mounted air conditioner system according to embodiments of the present invention.
Specifically, mounted air conditioner system is the mounted air conditioner system described in above-described embodiment, on-board air conditioner system System includes compressor, indoor fan, outdoor fan and accumulator, accumulator respectively with compressor, indoor wind Machine is connected with outdoor fan to provide power supply to compressor, indoor fan and outdoor fan.
As it is shown in figure 1, the control method of mounted air conditioner system according to embodiments of the present invention, including following step Rapid:
S1: receive the command information of the design temperature of user, detect the real time electrical quantity of described accumulator, detection Interior environment temperature in compartment, the extraneous light intensity of detection vehicle exterior.Such as, command reception is passed through Unit receives the command information of the design temperature of user, by the real time electrical quantity of detector unit detection accumulator, Gather the interior environment temperature in compartment by temperature collecting cell, detected outside compartment by photosensitive control unit The extraneous light intensity in portion, simple and reliable.
S2: obtain minimum fortune according to design temperature, real time electrical quantity, interior environment temperature and extraneous light intensity Line frequency, adjusts the real time execution frequency of compressor to minimum running frequency.Such as, information unit is processed It is connected with instruction reception unit, detector unit, temperature collecting cell and photosensitive control unit respectively with according to setting Fixed temperature, real time electrical quantity, interior environment temperature and extraneous light intensity obtain the minimum running frequency of compressor, The real time execution frequency of compressor is adjusted to minimum running frequency by control unit.
S3: according to the proportionate relationship between real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator of accumulator, adjusts pressure The real time execution frequency of contracting machine, the rotating speed of indoor fan and the rotating speed of outdoor fan.Such as, according to accumulator Real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator between proportionate relationship, adjust compressor by control unit Real time execution frequency, the rotating speed of indoor fan and the rotating speed of outdoor fan.
Specifically, such as, when mounted air conditioner system is opened or just brings into operation, detector unit is examined in real time Surveying the real time electrical quantity of accumulator, instruction reception unit receives the command information of the design temperature of user, and temperature is adopted Collection unit gathers the interior environment temperature in compartment, and the extraneous light that photosensitive control unit gathers outside compartment is strong Degree, processes information unit and obtains according to design temperature, real time electrical quantity, interior environment temperature and extraneous light intensity To minimum running frequency, control unit is according to processing the minimum running frequency of information unit acquisition by compressor Real time execution frequency is adjusted to minimum running frequency to reduce the power consumption of compressor;May be appreciated herein It is, in the running of mounted air conditioner system, if instruction reception unit repeatedly receives the setting temperature of user The instruction of degree, then the last design temperature that process information unit receives according to instruction reception unit Instruction and real time electrical quantity, interior environment temperature and extraneous light intensity obtain minimum running frequency.Similarly, Interior environment temperature in compartment repeatedly changes, and processes the reality that information unit can gather according to temperature collecting cell Time interior environment temperature or the last interior environment temperature gathered and real time electrical quantity, design temperature and outer Portion's light intensity obtains minimum running frequency.In like manner, the extraneous light intensity of vehicle exterior constantly changes, Process the real-time extraneous light intensity that can gather according to photosensitive control unit of information unit or adopt for the last time The extraneous light intensity of collection and interior environment temperature, real time electrical quantity and design temperature obtain minimum running frequency.
Subsequently, during the continuous service of mounted air conditioner system, the charge capacity of accumulator constantly reduces, When ratio between the real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator of accumulator is less than setting value, control unit According to the proportionate relationship between real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator, adjust the real time execution frequency of compressor The rotating speed of rate, the rotating speed of indoor fan and outdoor fan is to reduce power consumption.Thus, not only simple in construction, And can be according to environmental conditions such as the interior environment temperature in the extraneous light intensity of vehicle exterior, compartment The charge capacity etc. of change and the command information of user and accumulator adjusts mounted air conditioner system timely and accurately Operational factor to play the performance of mounted air conditioner system to greatest extent, thus play energy-conservation effect, simultaneously The cruising time that also can extend accumulator used to meet user with the operation time extending mounted air conditioner system The comfort level of mounted air conditioner system, it is to avoid the damage that accumulator caused because accumulator electric-quantity exhausts and The shortening of service lifetime of accumulator.
It is understood that in the running of mounted air conditioner system, when the interior environment temperature in compartment When reaching the design temperature that user sets, can control such as to control compressor and outdoor fan by control unit Close to reduce power consumption.
The control method of mounted air conditioner system according to embodiments of the present invention, by receiving the design temperature of user Command information, the interior environment temperature in the detection real time electrical quantity of accumulator, compartment and outside outside compartment Light intensity, and according to the real time electrical quantity of the accumulator detected, design temperature, interior environment temperature and outer Portion's light intensity obtains minimum running frequency the real time execution frequency of compressor to be adjusted to minimum operation frequency Rate, then according to the proportionate relationship between real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator of accumulator, adjusts pressure The real time execution frequency of contracting machine, the rotating speed of indoor fan and the rotating speed of outdoor fan, not only can be according to compartment The change of the environmental conditions such as the interior environment temperature in the extraneous light intensity of outside, compartment and the finger of user The charge capacity etc. making information and accumulator adjusts the operational factor of mounted air conditioner system timely and accurately with maximum Limit plays the performance of mounted air conditioner system, thus plays energy-conservation effect, the most also can extend accumulator Cruising time uses relaxing of mounted air conditioner system with the operation time extending mounted air conditioner system to meet user Appropriateness, it is to avoid the damage that accumulator caused because accumulator electric-quantity exhausts and service lifetime of accumulator Shorten.
According to some embodiments of the present invention, in step s 2, according to the real-time electricity of the accumulator detected Amount selects the first setting running frequency of compressor, selects the second setting of compressor to run according to design temperature Frequency, selects the 3rd of compressor according to the difference of interior environment temperature or interior environment temperature and design temperature Set running frequency, select the 4th setting running frequency of compressor according to extraneous light intensity, compare first Set running frequency, second set running frequency, the 3rd set running frequency and the 4th set running frequency with Obtain minimum running frequency, the real time execution frequency of compressor is adjusted to minimum running frequency.Such as, logical Cross process information unit respectively with above-mentioned detector unit, instruction reception unit, temperature collecting cell and photosensitive control Unit processed is connected, and the real time electrical quantity of the accumulator to detect according to detector unit selects the first of compressor to set Determining running frequency, the design temperature received according to instruction reception unit selects the second setting of compressor to run frequency Rate, and the 3rd setting operation frequency of the interior environment temperature selection compressor gathered according to temperature collecting cell Rate, the extraneous light intensity detected according to photosensitive control unit selects the 4th setting running frequency of compressor, Compare the first setting running frequency simultaneously and obtain minimum running frequency to the 4th setting running frequency, and by control The real time execution frequency of compressor is adjusted to minimum running frequency by unit processed, simple and reliable.
Certainly, the invention is not restricted to this, in further embodiments, in step s 2, according to setting temperature Two of which in degree, real time electrical quantity, interior environment temperature and extraneous light intensity obtains first and compares operation Frequency, obtains according to the another two in design temperature, real time electrical quantity, interior environment temperature and extraneous light intensity Compare running frequency to second, compare first and compare running frequency and second and compare running frequency and obtain minimum fortune Line frequency.Such as, process information unit can according to design temperature and real time electrical quantity obtain first compare operation frequency Rate, process information unit can obtain second according to interior environment temperature and extraneous light intensity and compare operation frequency Rate, processes information unit and compares first and compare running frequency and second and compare running frequency and obtain minimum running frequency Rate, simple and reliable.
According to some embodiments of the present invention, step S3 includes following sub-step:
S31: when the real time electrical quantity of accumulator is less than 1/x with the ratio value A of total charge capacity, by compressor Real time execution frequency reduce C%.Such as, as real time electrical quantity and the ratio value A of total charge capacity of accumulator During less than 1/x, the real time execution frequency of compressor can be reduced C% by control unit.Thus, fall is conducive to The power consumption of low compression machine, thus extend the cruising time of accumulator.
S32: as the ratio value A≤B of real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator, stop compressor and room Outer blower fan, indoor fan continues to run with.Such as, when real time electrical quantity and the ratio value of total charge capacity of accumulator During A≤B, control unit can control compressor and outdoor fan stops and control room inner blower continues to run with, This not only can reduce the mounted air conditioner system loss to accumulator electric-quantity, indoor fan simultaneously largely Continue to run with, the most sustainable air-supply in compartment guarantees the comfort level that user uses mounted air conditioner system.
S33: as the ratio value A≤D of real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator, stop indoor fan with Close mounted air conditioner system, wherein D < B≤1/x.Such as, when real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator Ratio value A≤D time, control unit can control indoor fan stop closing mounted air conditioner system, this can Avoid damage accumulator caused because accumulator electric-quantity exhausts, thus extend the service life of accumulator.
Specifically, when the motor of indoor fan is direct current generator, in step S31, control room endogenous wind is gone back The rotating speed of machine increases.Such as, when the motor of indoor fan is direct current generator, and when the real time electrical quantity of accumulator When being less than 1/x with the ratio value A of total charge capacity, can be by control unit by the real time execution frequency of compressor Reducing C%, and increased by the rotating speed of control unit control room inner blower, this not only can reduce on-board air conditioner The system loss to accumulator electric-quantity, extends the cruising time of accumulator, can also increase indoor heat exchange simultaneously Device and the heat exchange efficiency of environment in compartment, thus ensure that user uses the comfort level of mounted air conditioner system not by shadow Ring, improve the experience sense of user.
In step s 32, also the rotating speed of indoor fan is reduced to original rotating speed.Such as, at on-board air conditioner In the continuous service of system, when the ratio value A≤B of real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator, can lead to Cross control unit and control compressor and outdoor fan stopping, and the rotating speed controlling the indoor fan after tuning up reduces To original rotating speed, thus reduce the power consumption of mounted air conditioner system further, extend the cruising time of accumulator, Indoor fan the most also can be maintained constantly to blow in compartment, guarantee that user's is comfortable to a certain extent Degree.
In other embodiments of the present invention, when the motor of outdoor fan is direct current generator, in step In S31, the rotating speed also controlling outdoor fan increases.Such as, when the motor of outdoor fan is direct current generator, When the real time electrical quantity of accumulator is less than 1/x with the ratio value A of total charge capacity, can be controlled by control unit The real time execution frequency of compressor reduces C%, and is controlled the rotating speed increase of outdoor fan by control unit. This is not only advantageous to reduce the mounted air conditioner system power consumption to accumulator, extends the cruising time of accumulator, But also be conducive to the heat exchange efficiency increasing outdoor heat exchanger with compartment external environment, improve car to a certain extent Carry the refrigeration of air conditioning system or heating capacity, thus ensure user use the comfort level of mounted air conditioner system not by Impact, improves the experience sense of user.
Alternatively, the span of B is (1/3x)-(1/x), and the span of D is 0-(1/3x), Thus, simple and reliable.
Further, the span of X be 3-5, C value be 10-50, simple and reliable.
Below according to Fig. 1 and Fig. 3 control method to the mounted air conditioner system of one specific embodiment of the present invention It is described in detail.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, the control method of the mounted air conditioner system of the present embodiment, comprise the following steps
S1: receive the command information of the design temperature of user, the real time electrical quantity of detection accumulator, detect compartment In interior environment temperature, detection compartment outside extraneous light intensity;
S2: select the first setting running frequency of compressor, root according to the real time electrical quantity of the accumulator detected Select the second setting running frequency of compressor according to design temperature, select compressor according to interior environment temperature 3rd sets running frequency, selects the 4th setting running frequency according to extraneous light intensity, compares the first setting Running frequency, the second setting running frequency, the 3rd setting running frequency and the 4th set running frequency to obtain Minimum running frequency, adjusts the real time execution frequency of compressor to minimum running frequency;
S31: when the real time electrical quantity of accumulator is less than 1/x with the ratio value A of total charge capacity, by compressor Real time execution frequency reduce C%.
S32: as the ratio value A≤B of real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator, stop compressor and room Outer blower fan, indoor fan continues to run with.
S33: as the ratio value A≤D of real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of accumulator, stop indoor fan, Wherein the span of D < B≤1/x, B is (1/3x)-(1/x), and the span of D is 0-(1/3x),
The span of X be 3-5, C value be 10-50.
In the description of this specification, reference term " embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", The description of " concrete example " or " some examples " etc. means to combine the concrete spy of this embodiment or example description Levy, structure, material or feature are contained at least one embodiment or the example of the present invention.In this explanation In book, the schematic representation of above-mentioned term is necessarily directed to identical embodiment or example.And, Describe specific features, structure, material or feature can with in one or more embodiments in office or example with Suitably mode combines.Additionally, in the case of the most conflicting, those skilled in the art can be by this The feature of different embodiments described in description or example and different embodiment or example be combined and Combination.
Although above it has been shown and described that embodiments of the invention, it is to be understood that above-described embodiment It is exemplary, it is impossible to being interpreted as limitation of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art is the present invention's In the range of above-described embodiment can be changed, revise, replace and modification.

Claims (13)

1. the control method of a mounted air conditioner system, it is characterised in that described mounted air conditioner system includes Compressor, indoor fan, outdoor fan and accumulator, described accumulator respectively with described compressor, described Indoor fan is connected with described outdoor fan with to described compressor, described indoor fan and described outdoor fan Thering is provided power supply, described control method comprises the steps:
S1: receive the command information of the design temperature of user, detect the real time electrical quantity of described accumulator, detection Interior environment temperature in compartment, the extraneous light intensity of detection vehicle exterior;
S2: according to described design temperature, described real time electrical quantity, described interior environment temperature and described exterior light Line strength obtains minimum running frequency, the real time execution frequency of described compressor is adjusted to described minimum operation Frequency;
S3: close according to the ratio between real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of described accumulator of described accumulator System, adjusts the real time execution frequency of described compressor, the rotating speed of described indoor fan and described outdoor fan Rotating speed.
The control method of mounted air conditioner system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step In rapid S2, the first setting of compressor is selected to run frequency according to the real time electrical quantity of the described accumulator detected Rate, selects the second setting running frequency of compressor, according to interior environment temperature or interior according to design temperature Portion's ambient temperature selects the 3rd of compressor to set running frequency, according to described outside with the difference of design temperature Light intensity selects the 4th setting running frequency of compressor, and relatively more described first sets running frequency, described Second sets running frequency, described 3rd setting running frequency and described 4th setting running frequency obtains minimum Running frequency, adjusts the real time execution frequency of described compressor to described minimum running frequency.
The control method of mounted air conditioner system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step In rapid S2, according to described design temperature, described real time electrical quantity, described interior environment temperature and described outside Two of which in light intensity obtains first and compares running frequency, according to described design temperature, described in real time Another two in electricity, described interior environment temperature and described extraneous light intensity obtains second and compares operation frequency Rate, relatively described first compares running frequency and described second compares running frequency and obtains described minimum running frequency Rate.
The control method of mounted air conditioner system the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described Step S3 includes following sub-step:
S31: when the real time electrical quantity of described accumulator is less than 1/x with the ratio value A of total charge capacity, by institute The real time execution frequency stating compressor reduces C%;
S32: as the ratio value A≤B of real time electrical quantity and described total charge capacity of described accumulator, stop institute Stating compressor and described outdoor fan, described indoor fan continues to run with;
S33: as the ratio value A≤D of real time electrical quantity and described total charge capacity of described accumulator, stop institute State indoor fan, wherein D < B≤1/x.
The control method of mounted air conditioner system the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that work as institute State the motor of indoor fan when being direct current generator, in step S31, also control the rotating speed of described indoor fan Increase, in step s 32, also the rotating speed of described indoor fan is reduced to original rotating speed.
The control method of mounted air conditioner system the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that work as institute State the motor of outdoor fan when being direct current generator, in step S31, also control the rotating speed of described outdoor fan Increase.
The control method of mounted air conditioner system the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that described B's Span is (1/3x)-(1/x), and the span of described D is 0-(1/3x), and described X takes Value scope is 3-5, and described C value is 10-50.
8. a mounted air conditioner system, it is characterised in that including:
Indoor set, off-premises station and accumulator, described indoor set is located in compartment, and described off-premises station is located at described Outside compartment, described indoor set includes that indoor fan, described off-premises station include outdoor fan and compressor, described Accumulator is connected with described compressor, described indoor fan and described outdoor fan with to described compression respectively Machine, described indoor fan and described outdoor fan provide power supply;Described mounted air conditioner system also includes:
Instruction reception unit, described instruction reception unit is for receiving the command information of the design temperature of user;
Detector unit, described detector unit is for the real time electrical quantity of the described accumulator of detection in real time;
Temperature collecting cell, described temperature collecting cell is for gathering the interior environment temperature in described compartment;
Photosensitive control unit, described photosensitive control unit is for gathering the extraneous light intensity outside described compartment;
Process information unit, described process information unit respectively with described detector unit, described command reception list Temperature collecting cell first, described is connected with described photosensitive control unit, and described process information unit is according to described Design temperature, described real time electrical quantity, described interior environment temperature and described extraneous light intensity obtain minimum fortune Line frequency;
Control unit, described control unit is connected with described detector unit and described process information unit, described The real time execution frequency of described compressor is adjusted to described minimum running frequency, the most described control by control unit Unit processed, according to the proportionate relationship between described real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity of described accumulator, adjusts described The real time execution frequency of compressor, the rotating speed of described indoor fan and the rotating speed of described outdoor fan.
Mounted air conditioner system the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that described process information list Unit according to described real time electrical quantity select compressor first setting running frequency, described process information unit according to Design temperature selects the second setting running frequency of compressor, and described process information unit is according to internal medium temperature The difference of degree or interior environment temperature and design temperature selects the 3rd setting running frequency of compressor, described Process information unit and select the 4th setting running frequency of compressor, described place according to described extraneous light intensity Reason information unit more described first sets running frequency, described second sets running frequency, the described 3rd sets Determine running frequency and described 4th setting running frequency obtains minimum running frequency.
Mounted air conditioner system the most according to claim 8, it is characterised in that described process information list Unit is according to described design temperature, described real time electrical quantity, described interior environment temperature and described extraneous light intensity In two of which obtain first and compare running frequency, described process information unit according to described design temperature, Another two in described real time electrical quantity, described interior environment temperature and described extraneous light intensity obtains the second ratio Relatively running frequency, described process information unit more described first compares running frequency and described second and compares fortune Line frequency obtains described minimum running frequency.
11. mounted air conditioner systems according to claim 8, it is characterised in that when described accumulator When the ratio value A of real time electrical quantity and total charge capacity is less than 1/x, described control unit is by the reality of described compressor Time running frequency reduce C%;Real time electrical quantity and the ratio value A≤B of described total charge capacity when described accumulator Time, described control unit controls described compressor and described outdoor fan stops and controlling described indoor fan continuing Reforwarding row;As the ratio value A≤D of real time electrical quantity and described total charge capacity of described accumulator, described control Unit processed controls described indoor fan and stops, wherein D < B≤1/x.
12. mounted air conditioner systems according to claim 11, it is characterised in that when described indoor wind The motor of machine is direct current generator, is less than with the ratio value A of total charge capacity in the real time electrical quantity of described accumulator During 1/x, described control unit controls the rotating speed of described indoor fan and increases, at the real-time electricity of described accumulator When measuring the ratio value A≤B with described total charge capacity, described control unit controls the rotating speed of described indoor fan It is reduced to original rotating speed.
13. mounted air conditioner systems according to claim 11, it is characterised in that when described outdoor wind The motor of machine is direct current generator, is less than with the ratio value A of total charge capacity in the real time electrical quantity of described accumulator During 1/x, described control unit controls the rotating speed of described outdoor fan and increases.
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