CN105931377A - Electric vehicle rental system with charging appointment function by mobile phone and control method thereof - Google Patents

Electric vehicle rental system with charging appointment function by mobile phone and control method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105931377A
CN105931377A CN201610243505.XA CN201610243505A CN105931377A CN 105931377 A CN105931377 A CN 105931377A CN 201610243505 A CN201610243505 A CN 201610243505A CN 105931377 A CN105931377 A CN 105931377A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power
micro
control unit
vehicle
charging
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610243505.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105931377B (en
Inventor
祝全涛
蒋阳川
侯景仁
于志强
陈王博
徐淑杨
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningbo Xuanyuexing Electric Automobile Service Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Ningbo Xuanyuexing Electric Automobile Service Co Ltd
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Application filed by Ningbo Xuanyuexing Electric Automobile Service Co Ltd filed Critical Ningbo Xuanyuexing Electric Automobile Service Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610243505.XA priority Critical patent/CN105931377B/en
Publication of CN105931377A publication Critical patent/CN105931377A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105931377B publication Critical patent/CN105931377B/en
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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F15/00Coin-freed apparatus with meter-controlled dispensing of liquid, gas or electricity
    • G07F15/003Coin-freed apparatus with meter-controlled dispensing of liquid, gas or electricity for electricity
    • G07F15/005Coin-freed apparatus with meter-controlled dispensing of liquid, gas or electricity for electricity dispensed for the electrical charging of vehicles
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/02Reservations, e.g. for tickets, services or events
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • G06Q30/0645Rental, i.e. leasing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/0042Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects
    • G07F17/0057Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects for the hiring or rent of vehicles, e.g. cars, bicycles or wheelchairs
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers
    • H04M1/72Mobile telephones; Cordless telephones, i.e. devices for establishing wireless links to base stations without route selection
    • H04M1/724User interfaces specially adapted for cordless or mobile telephones
    • H04M1/72403User interfaces specially adapted for cordless or mobile telephones with means for local support of applications that increase the functionality
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/167Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies for supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles, i.e. smartgrids as interface for battery charging of electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV]
    • Y02T90/168
    • Y02T90/169
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S30/00Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
    • Y04S30/10Systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles
    • Y04S30/12Remote or cooperative charging
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S30/00Systems supporting specific end-user applications in the sector of transportation
    • Y04S30/10Systems supporting the interoperability of electric or hybrid vehicles
    • Y04S30/14Details associated with the interoperability, e.g. vehicle recognition, authentication, identification or billing

Abstract

The invention discloses an electric vehicle rental system with a charging appointment function by a mobile phone and a control method thereof, and relates to the technical field of electric vehicle leasing. The system can make an appointment to lease through a mobile phone and make an appointment to charge through a mobile phone, and can make a fully charged electric vehicle automatically move away from a charging pile. The system comprises a plurality of mobile phones installed with an electric vehicle rental APP, a server, a plurality of charging piles, a time sharing rental device configured on each electric vehicle, a booking module, and a credit module recording user credit. The charging piles, the booking module, and the credit module are connected with the server. The time sharing rental device is connected with the server in a wireless manner. The mobile phones are connected with the booking module in a wireless manner.

Description

Electric automobile leasing system and control method thereof with mobile phone reservation charge function
Technical field
The present invention relates to electric automobile leasing techniques field, be specifically related to a kind of electric automobile with mobile phone reservation charge function and rent Rent system and method.
Background technology
At present, electric automobile leasing system typically uses artificial book keeping operation mode to hire a car, and during operation, every single lease needs artificial ginseng With, it is impossible to realize mobile phone reservation lease, also cannot realize mobile phone reservation charging, and electric automobile fully charged after will not automatically move Opening, fully charged electric automobile holds over charging pile, causes the waste of charging pile resource.Therefore, design one can pass through hands Machine reservation lease and can by mobile phone reservation charging, and can automatically remove fully charged electric automobile with mobile phone reservation charge merit The electric automobile leasing system of energy and control method thereof.
Summary of the invention
The present invention be in order to solve existing electric automobile leasing system cannot realize mobile phone reservation lease, also cannot realize mobile phone reservation Charging, and electric automobile fully charged after will not automatically remove, fully charged electric automobile holds over charging pile, causes charging The deficiency of the waste of stake resource, it is provided that a kind of can reservation by mobile phone is leased and can be charged by mobile phone reservation, and can allow fully charged Electric automobile automatically remove charging pile with the mobile phone reservation electric automobile leasing system of charge function and control method thereof.
More than technical problem is that and to be solved by following technical proposal:
With the electric automobile leasing system of mobile phone reservation charge function, including several handss being provided with electric automobile lease APP Machine, server, several charging piles, the timesharing leasing system being disposed on each electric automobile, reservation module and record user The credit block of credit;Described charging pile, reservation module and credit block are connected with server respectively, described timesharing leasing system With server wireless connections, described mobile phone and reservation module wireless connections;Timesharing leasing system includes IC-card read write line, at IC It is adjacent to connection on the read/write surface for read of card reader and has an IC-card, and IC-card read write line embeds together with IC-card and is arranged on electronic vapour In the charging plug of car;Charging pile includes the housing being separated with upper cavity and lower chamber with one piece of dividing plate, and charging pile also includes microcontroller Unit and stake wireless module M2;The upper surface of housing is provided with shell through hole, is provided with in the upper cavity of housing by a gas The elevator that a number expansion link kinetic energy of cylinder slides up and down, the elevator immediately below shell through hole is respectively equipped with block through hole, reading Hole clipping and introduction hole;It is provided with No. two cylinders on dividing plate immediately below introduction hole, and No. two expansion links of No. two cylinders can push away Stretch up and down in portalling;It is provided with card reader on dividing plate immediately below Card Reader hole;It is provided with plate on dividing plate immediately below block through hole to lead to Hole, is fixed with charging switching in plate through hole and connects seat, connects in charging switching and is provided with converting interface on power supply on the upper surface of seat, Connect in charging switching and be provided with converting interface under power supply on the lower surface of seat, be provided with in the lower chamber of housing by No. three cylinders No. three expansion links drive the movable adaptor moved up and down, and described movable adaptor can be connected with charging switching under the power supply of seat Coupling is just connected by converting interface, and the external power supply connection end of charging pile is connected on movable adaptor by a conductor wire, and Conductor wire is provided with battery main switch;The control end, the control of a cylinder that control end, battery main switch of described card reader End, control end, the control end of No. three cylinders and the stake wireless module of No. two cylinders are electrically connected with the microcontrol unit respectively;Charging pile Also include parking platform, parking platform be provided with rotating disk and a conveyer belt of vehicles while passing can be driven, rotating disk being provided with and can drive No. two conveyer belts that vehicle moves, rotating disk is rotated by a step motor drive, and a conveyer belt is by No. two stepping electricity Machine drives and rotates, and No. two conveyer belts are rotated by No. three step motor drive, the control end of a described motor, No. two The control end controlling end and No. three motors of motor is electrically connected with the microcontrol unit respectively.
The reservation charging management method of a kind of electric automobile leasing system being applicable to mobile phone reservation charge function is as follows: use Person searches idle charging pile and idle vehicle and the electricity of corresponding vehicle by mobile phone, sends subscription time and requires reservation charging Reservation signal to server, server sends reservation charging signals and to designated vehicle and specifies charging pile;
Charging pile obtains the information about power of Current vehicle and sends to server, server according to electric automobile current vehicle condition and Ambient parameter carries out electricity calculating and assigns time-sharing charging control command, and charging pile carries out time-sharing charging to Current vehicle;
Charging pile is for using peak-trough electricity charging charging pile, if current time is in paddy electricity chargeable time, electric automobile is entered by charging pile Row charging;
If current time is in peak electricity chargeable time, then server is according on on-board information platform in the vehicle of charging pile current bindings Charging pile is operated by the car status information passed, if current bindings vehicle judges through overcharge, it is determined that then fill for needs charging Electric automobile is charged by electricity stake, if it is determined that for forbidding charging, charging pile stops being charged electric automobile;
Charging judge process is as follows:
First by artificial or server to one basic power threshold of tax of each charging pile and a basic quantity coefficient value,
Then server reads current time, paddy electric-opening time and the energy-storage battery charge value of Current vehicle, and server calculates current Time draws time difference with the difference of paddy electric-opening time;
The value of gained after the numerical value drawn after basis quantity coefficient value is divided by the time difference energy-storage battery charge value plus Current vehicle If greater than or be then judged to forbid charging equal to basis power threshold,
The value of gained after the numerical value drawn after basis quantity coefficient value is divided by the time difference energy-storage battery charge value plus Current vehicle Then it is judged to need charging less than basis power threshold;
In the last measurement period of charging pile, corresponding date average is borrowed train number number to be multiplied by given percent coefficient and draws electricity correction value, base Plinth power threshold is drawn plus electricity correction value by basis charge value, and basis charge value is unified numerical value;If there being many electric automobiles At charging pile etc. to be charged, then compare the current electric quantity value of Adjacent vehicles, server in the vehicle being judged to need charging with Electricity is charged the most successively.
A kind of management method that is applicable to hire a car with the reservation of electric automobile leasing system of mobile phone reservation charge function includes: use Person searches free vehicle by mobile phone or WEB client side, sends the reservation that reservation hires a car signal of hiring a car to server, described service Device sends reservation signal of hiring a car to designated vehicle, and synchronized transmission reservation hires a car signal to charging pile;If at the subscription time set In, user fail execution hire a car return the car step or on non-designated vehicle perform hire a car return the car step then send cancellation reservation hire a car Signal is to designated vehicle.
This programme electric automobile by mobile phone reservation lease with can be charged by mobile phone reservation, and can allow fully charged electric automobile Automatically removing charging pile, fully charged electric automobile will not take charging pile, does not results in the waste of charging pile resource, stability Reliability is preferable, and intelligent automation degree is high.
As preferably, described timesharing leasing system includes vehicle control module, vehicle communication device, information for authentication Reader unit and the on-board information platform for collecting vehicle information with process;Described vehicle control module, vehicle communication device and Information reader unit is connected with on-board information platform respectively, and timesharing leasing system is by the vehicle communication device of this timesharing leasing system With server wireless connections.A kind of management method of returning the car of the electric automobile leasing system being applicable to mobile phone reservation charge function Including: when user stop after, on-board information platform display selection information, if user is temporary parking, user swipe the card or Using mobile phone that vehicle control module is sent order and carry out door operation, if user is operation of returning the car, then user is at vehicle-mounted letter Breath platform selecting is returned the car order swiping the card at charging pile, and charging pile is bound with vehicle, and user is returned the car end.One is applicable to Include with the scene of electric automobile leasing system of mobile phone reservation charge function management method of hiring a car: information reader unit Card Reader, On-board information platform judges current vehicle condition, if current vehicle condition does not meets unlocking condition, vehicle control module refusal is opened Car door, end of hiring a car;If current vehicle condition meets unlocking condition, vehicle control module solution lock door, user into the car, Meanwhile, on-board information platform transmits current Card Reader data to server, and server returns user account information to vehicle communication device, If it is that Sorry, your ticket has not enough value that server returns user account information, vehicle control module closes vehicle power power supply, and on-board information platform carries Terminate after showing to hire a car;If it is that remaining sum is sufficient that server returns user account information, vehicle control module unlocking vehicle electrical source of power, Then carried out scene by user to hire a car use.
As preferably, charging pile also include commercial power interface, normally closed switch, node, civil power monitoring means, metal-oxide-semiconductor switch, No. two nodes, standby power unit, primary power cource unit, diode D2, direct current transducer and GND publicly;Described normally closed The end that controls of switch is connected electrically on an instruction output end of micro-control unit, the power input electrical connection of described normally closed switch In commercial power interface, the power output end of described normally closed switch, the power input of civil power monitoring means and primary power cource unit Power input is respectively electrically connected on a contact, and the high level output end of described civil power monitoring means is connected electrically in metal-oxide-semiconductor and opens In the grid G closed, the cathode voltage outfan of described standby power unit is connected electrically in the source S of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch, described The cathode power supply outfan of primary power cource unit is connected electrically on the positive pole of diode D2, the current input terminal of described direct current transducer It is connected electrically in the drain D of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch, the current output terminal of described direct current transducer, the negative pole of diode D2, microcontroller The live wire joint of the cathode power supply input of unit and the external power supply connection end of charging pile is respectively electrically connected on No. two nodes, The end that controls of described direct current transducer is connected electrically on No. two instruction output ends of micro-control unit, connecing of described civil power monitoring means Ground end, the earth terminal of primary power cource unit, the earth terminal of standby power unit, the earth terminal of micro-control unit and the ground of charging pile End electrically connects with GND publicly respectively.
A kind of adaptive power supply monitoring switching electricity being applicable to the described electric automobile leasing system with mobile phone reservation charge function The use control method on road, uses control method as follows:
Commercial power interface is connected on civil power, and normally closed switch closes;
When the non-power down of civil power, being flowed into the civil power at a node and be divided into two-way civil power to transmit, a road civil power sequentially passes through primary Powering for micro-control unit after power subsystem, diode D2 and No. two nodes, another road civil power is by civil power monitoring means real-time continuous Monitoring, when civil power monitoring means carries out real-time continuous monitoring to civil power, the high level output end of civil power monitoring means can simultaneously to The grid G output high level signal of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch;Owing to having metal-oxide-semiconductor to open when the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch is high level signal Circuit between the drain D of the source S closed and metal-oxide-semiconductor switch is off, and the most only civil power is that micro-control unit supplies Electricity, and standby power unit is not powered to micro-control unit;
When civil power power down, civil power monitoring means can monitor and input without civil power, and micro-control unit also inputs without civil power simultaneously;? When civil power monitoring means inputs without civil power, the high level output end of civil power monitoring means also exports without high level signal, now MOS The grid G of pipe switch just can not receive high level signal, and the most now the level signal of the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch is low level signal; Owing to having when the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch is low level signal between source S and the drain D of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch that metal-oxide-semiconductor switchs Circuit in the conduction state, now civil power is not powered to micro-control unit, and only standby power unit be micro-control unit supply Electricity;
Under the control of micro-control unit, the drain D and No. two nodes to metal-oxide-semiconductor switch of direct current transducer also real-time continuous it Between electric current on circuit detect, if between drain D and No. two nodes that the metal-oxide-semiconductor detected by direct current transducer is switched Electric current on circuit is designated as electric current TA, and detected electric current TA is uploaded to micro-control unit;
When standby power unit be micro-control unit power time, the now detected electric current TA of direct current transducer more than zero, direct current The signal that sensor is more than zero the electric current TA detected passes to micro-control unit, and micro-control unit then judges now as civil power power down State, micro-control unit makes corresponding data information processing according to the judged result of civil power power down;
When civil power is sent a telegram here again after power down, civil power monitoring means has monitored civil power input, the height of civil power monitoring means the most immediately Level output end has again high level signal to export, and now the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch receives again the high electricity that civil power monitoring means transmits Ordinary mail number, so that be off again between the drain D of the source S of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch and metal-oxide-semiconductor switch;
When being off between the source S and the drain D of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch, micro-control unit is again by city Electricity power supply;
When civil power be micro-control unit power time, the now detected electric current TA of direct current transducer equal to zero, direct current transducer handle The null signal of electric current TA detected passes to micro-control unit, and micro-control unit then judges now as mains-supplied state, micro- Control unit makes corresponding data information processing according to the judged result of mains-supplied;
Whether can be for microcontroller when whether standby power unit to be detected has electricity or standby power unit to be detected in civil power power down The detection process of unit offer power supply is: sent the instruction of disconnection normally closed switch, normally closed switch to normally closed switch by micro-control unit Then turning off, if the electric current TA now detected by direct current transducer is more than zero, then explanation standby power unit can be in civil power power down Shi Nengwei micro-control unit provides power supply, if the electric current TA now detected by direct current transducer is equal to zero, then now micro-control is described Unit processed is just powered by standby power unit, thus illustrates that now standby power unit does not only have electricity, but also explanation is the most standby Power subsystem can provide power supply for micro-control unit when civil power power down;
When there being civil power, micro-control unit is by mains-supplied, and when without civil power, micro-control unit is powered by standby power unit, circulation Back and forth, allow micro-control unit be constantly in electricity condition all the time, thus allow micro-control unit that electricity can be had to process needs and process in time Data message.
As preferably, civil power monitoring means includes step-down transformer, commutator, power supply monitoring chip, capacitor C1, capacitor C2, capacitor C3, capacitor C4, capacitor C5, resistance R1 and resistance R2;The input electrical connection of described step-down transformer On a node, the outfan of described step-down transformer is connected electrically on the input of commutator, the outfan of described commutator, One end of electric capacity C1 and one end of electric capacity C2 are respectively electrically connected on the vdd terminal of power supply monitoring chip, described power supply monitoring chip OUT terminal be connected electrically on one end of resistance R1, the other end of described resistance R1, one end of capacitor C3, capacitor C4 One end of one end, one end of capacitor C5 and resistance R2 be respectively electrically connected in the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch, described electric capacity The other end of device C1, the other end of capacitor C2, the NC end of power supply monitoring chip, the VSS end of power supply monitoring chip, power supply The monitoring DS end of chip, the other end of capacitor C3, the other end of capacitor C4, the other end of capacitor C5 and resistance R2 The other end be respectively electrically connected to publicly on GND.
As preferably, standby power unit includes stand-by power supply monitoring port, energy-storage battery, low pressure difference linear voltage regulator, electric capacity Device C6, capacitor C7, capacitor C8, resistance R3, resistance R4, resistance R5 and diode D1;The one of described capacitor C6 One end of end and resistance R3 is respectively electrically connected on stand-by power supply monitoring port;The other end of described resistance R3 and the one of resistance R4 End is respectively electrically connected on one end of resistance R5;The VIN end of described low pressure difference linear voltage regulator, the other end of resistance R4 and electricity One end of container C7 is respectively electrically connected on the positive terminal of energy-storage battery;The OUT terminal of described low pressure difference linear voltage regulator and capacitor One end of C8 is respectively electrically connected on the positive pole of diode D1;The negative electricity of described diode D1 is connected to the source of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch On the S of pole, the negative pole end of described energy-storage battery, the other end of capacitor C6, the other end of resistance R5, capacitor C7 another End, the other end of the VSS end of low pressure difference linear voltage regulator and capacitor C8 are respectively electrically connected to publicly on GND.
The present invention can reach following effect:
The electric automobile of the present invention by mobile phone reservation lease with can be charged by mobile phone reservation, and can allow fully charged electronic vapour Charging pile removed automatically by car, and fully charged electric automobile will not take charging pile, does not results in the waste of charging pile resource, stable Property reliability preferable, intelligent automation degree is high.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the charging plug of embodiment of the present invention electric automobile a kind of use state attachment structure when being also not inserted on charging pile Schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is that the charging plug of embodiment of the present invention electric automobile is already inserted into a kind of use state attachment structure time on charging pile Schematic diagram.
When Fig. 3 is No. two expansion link jack-up of No. two cylinders that the charging plug of embodiment of the present invention electric automobile is electrically charged in stake A kind of use state attachment structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is that a kind of use state when charging on the rotating disk of parking platform that is parked in of embodiment of the present invention electric automobile connects Structural representation.
Fig. 5 is that the fully charged rear electric automobile of embodiment of the present invention electric automobile a kind of use state when automatically removing charging pile connects Structural representation.
Fig. 6 is a kind of circuit theory attachment structure schematic block diagram at embodiment of the present invention charging pile.
Fig. 7 is a kind of integrated circuit principle attachment structure schematic block diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further illustrated with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment, with the electric automobile leasing system of mobile phone reservation charge function, sees Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, figure 5, shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 7, including being provided with electric automobile lease several mobile phones 90 of APP, server 91, several fill Electricity stake 56, the timesharing leasing system 92 being disposed on each electric automobile, reservation module 93 and the credit mould of record user credit Block 94;Charging pile, reservation module and credit block are connected with server respectively, timesharing leasing system and server wireless connections, Mobile phone and reservation module wireless connections.
Timesharing leasing system includes vehicle control module 95, vehicle communication device 96, information reader unit for authentication 97 and on-board information platform 98 for collecting vehicle information and process;Vehicle control module, vehicle communication device and information are read in Device is connected with on-board information platform respectively, and timesharing leasing system is by the vehicle communication device of this timesharing leasing system and server Wireless connections.
Timesharing leasing system also includes that the add-on module 90 for providing the user individual demand, add-on module are put down with on-vehicle information Platform connects.
Timesharing leasing system also includes the road conditions module 100 for recording traffic information, and road conditions module is connected with on-board information platform.
Timesharing leasing system includes IC-card read write line 79, and being adjacent to connection on the read/write surface for read of IC-card read write line has an IC-card 89, And IC-card read write line embeds in the charging plug 78 being arranged on electric automobile together with IC-card;Charging pile 56 includes with one piece Dividing plate 57 is separated with the housing 60 of upper cavity 58 and lower chamber 59, and charging pile also includes micro-control unit 19 and stake wireless module M2; The upper surface of housing is provided with shell through hole 61, is provided with in the upper cavity of housing by an expansion link of a cylinder 47 The elevator 63 that 62 kinetic energies slide up and down, the elevator immediately below shell through hole is respectively equipped with block through hole 64, Card Reader hole 65 With introduction hole 66;No. two cylinders 48, and No. two expansion link 75 energy of No. two cylinders it are provided with on dividing plate immediately below introduction hole Introduction hole stretches up and down;Card reader 88 it is provided with on dividing plate immediately below Card Reader hole;Set on dividing plate immediately below block through hole There is plate through hole 67, in plate through hole, be fixed with charging switching connect seat 68, connect in charging switching and be provided with electricity on the upper surface of seat Converting interface 69 on source, connect in charging switching and are provided with converting interface 70 under power supply on the lower surface of seat, be provided with in the lower chamber of housing Driven the movable adaptor 72 moved up and down by No. three expansion links 71 of No. three cylinders 49, and movable adaptor can with fill Under the power supply of electricity switching connection seat, coupling is just connected by converting interface, and the external power supply connection end 27 of charging pile is by a conductor wire 73 are connected on movable adaptor, and are provided with battery main switch 74 on conductor wire;The control end 46 of card reader, power supply are always opened The control end 31 controlling 30, No. three cylinders of end controlling 29, No. two cylinders of end controlling 28, cylinder of end closed and stake nothing Wire module 32 is electrically connected with the microcontrol unit respectively.
Being additionally provided with vertical pilot hole on elevator, sliding in pilot hole is provided with guide post 76, and the lower end of guide post is fixed on On the upper surface of dividing plate, the upper end of guide post compresses and is connected on the inner roof wall of upper cavity, the guiding between elevator and dividing plate Bar is provided with extrusion spring 77.
When needing charging, client sends purchase electricity to the information of charging electric vehicle, purchase with mobile phone to server as required Which electric automobile what electricity included that needs charge to the information of charging electric vehicle is, needs to fill how many electricity, need which is used When charging pile charging, charging interval are.
When charging, the contact pin 83 of the charging plug 78 of electric automobile is inserted into charging switching and connects converting interface on the power supply of seat 68 In 69, now, card reader 88 reads and is arranged in the information on the IC-card in charging plug 78.Information on IC-card is by arranging IC-card read write line 79 in charging plug writes.The connector assembly of charging plug includes being linked to be in the lower connector assembly 80 of one and upper Connector assembly 82, the plug electric wire 81 of charging plug introduces from upper connector assembly 82, and IC-card read write line 79 embeds and is arranged in lower plug In seat 80, the upper end of contact pin 83 is also secured in lower socket 80.
Charging pile also includes that commercial power interface 10,11, node 12 of normally closed switch, civil power monitoring means 13, metal-oxide-semiconductor switch 17, No. two nodes 18, standby power unit 20, primary power cource unit 24, diode D2, direct current transducer 25 and publicly GND;The control end a3 of normally closed switch is connected electrically on an instruction output end e3 of micro-control unit, and the power supply of normally closed switch is defeated Enter to hold a1 to be connected electrically in commercial power interface, the power output end a2 of normally closed switch, the power input of civil power monitoring means and master Being respectively electrically connected on a contact with the power input of power subsystem, the high level output end of civil power monitoring means is connected electrically in In the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch, the cathode voltage outfan of standby power unit is connected electrically in the source S of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch, The cathode power supply outfan of primary power cource unit is connected electrically on the positive pole of diode D2, the current input terminal b1 of direct current transducer It is connected electrically in the drain D of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch, the current output terminal b2 of direct current transducer, the negative pole of diode D2, microcontroller The live wire joint 27 of the cathode power supply input e1 of unit and the external power supply connection end of charging pile is respectively electrically connected to No. two joints On point, the control end b3 of direct current transducer is connected electrically on No. two instruction output end e2 of micro-control unit, civil power monitoring means Earth terminal, the earth terminal of primary power cource unit, the earth terminal of standby power unit, the earth terminal of micro-control unit and charging pile Ground end electrically connect with GND publicly respectively.
Civil power monitoring means include step-down transformer 14, commutator 15, power supply monitoring chip 16, capacitor C1, capacitor C2, Capacitor C3, capacitor C4, capacitor C5, resistance R1 and resistance R2;The input of step-down transformer is connected electrically in a joint On point, the outfan of step-down transformer is connected electrically on the input of commutator, the outfan of commutator, one end of electric capacity C1 and One end of electric capacity C2 is respectively electrically connected on the vdd terminal of power supply monitoring chip, and the OUT terminal of power supply monitoring chip is connected electrically in resistance On one end of R1, the other end of resistance R1, one end of capacitor C3, one end of capacitor C4, one end of capacitor C5 and One end of resistance R2 be respectively electrically connected to metal-oxide-semiconductor switch grid G on, the other end of capacitor C1, capacitor C2 another End, the NC end of power supply monitoring chip, the VSS end of power supply monitoring chip, the DS end of power supply monitoring chip, capacitor C3 another The other end of one end, the other end of capacitor C4, the other end of capacitor C5 and resistance R2 is respectively electrically connected to GND publicly On.
Standby power unit includes stand-by power supply monitoring port 21, energy-storage battery 22, low pressure difference linear voltage regulator 23, capacitor C6, capacitor C7, capacitor C8, resistance R3, resistance R4, resistance R5 and diode D1;One end of capacitor C6 and electricity One end of resistance R3 is respectively electrically connected on stand-by power supply monitoring port;The other end of resistance R3 and one end of resistance R4 are electrically connected respectively It is connected on one end of resistance R5;One end of the VIN end of low pressure difference linear voltage regulator, the other end of resistance R4 and capacitor C7 is divided It is not connected electrically on the positive terminal of energy-storage battery;The OUT terminal of low pressure difference linear voltage regulator and one end of capacitor C8 are electrically connected On the positive pole of diode D1;The negative electricity of diode D1 is connected in the source S of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch, the negative pole of energy-storage battery End, the other end of capacitor C6, the other end of resistance R5, the other end of capacitor C7, the VSS of low pressure difference linear voltage regulator End and the other end of capacitor C8 are respectively electrically connected to publicly on GND.
Standby power unit also includes that wind light mutual complementing array 26, the power output end of wind light mutual complementing array electrically connect with energy-storage battery, The control end 33 of energy-storage battery is connected with micro-control unit, and the control end 34 of wind light mutual complementing array is connected with micro-control unit.
Normally closed switch is normally closed relay switch, and the control terminal circuit of relay switch is by mains-supplied, relay switch Control terminal circuit control system of switching on or off electricity end electrically connect with an instruction output end of micro-control unit.
Charging pile also includes address scrambler M1, memorizer M3, display screen M4 and GPS being electrically connected with the microcontrol unit respectively Localizer M5.
Charging pile also includes luminaire 50, enviromental monitoring equipment 51, flow media advertisement equipment 52, city wireless communication equipment 53, photographic head 54 and controlling equipment 55;The power interface of luminaire, the power interface of enviromental monitoring equipment, Streaming Media are wide The power interface of the power interface of announcement equipment, the power interface of city wireless communication equipment and photographic head right with on charging pile respectively Power output interface is answered to electrically connect;Control end 35, the control end 36 of standby power unit, city's pyroelectric monitor list of primary power cource unit The control end 39, the control of flow media advertisement equipment that control end 38, enviromental monitoring equipment that control end 37, luminaire of unit End 40, city wireless communication equipment control end 41, the control end 42 of photographic head and controlling equipment 43 respectively with micro-control unit Connect.
Charging pile also includes parking platform 84, is provided with rotating disk 85 and can drive a conveyer belt 86 of vehicles while passing on parking platform, Being provided with No. two conveyer belts 101 that vehicle can be driven to move on rotating disk, rotating disk is rotated by a step motor drive, No. one Conveyer belt is rotated by No. two step motor drive, and No. two conveyer belts are rotated by No. three step motor drive, described No. one The control end 102 controlling end 45 and No. three motors controlling 44, No. two motors of end of motor respectively with micro-control Unit processed electrically connects.
Making of the adaptive power supply monitoring switching circuit of a kind of electric automobile leasing system being applicable to mobile phone reservation charge function By control method, use control method as follows:
Commercial power interface is connected on civil power, and normally closed switch closes;
When the non-power down of civil power, being flowed into the civil power at a node and be divided into two-way civil power to transmit, a road civil power sequentially passes through primary Powering for micro-control unit after power subsystem, diode D2 and No. two nodes, another road civil power is by civil power monitoring means real-time continuous Monitoring, when civil power monitoring means carries out real-time continuous monitoring to civil power, the high level output end of civil power monitoring means can simultaneously to The grid G output high level signal of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch;Owing to having metal-oxide-semiconductor to open when the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch is high level signal Circuit between the drain D of the source S closed and metal-oxide-semiconductor switch is off, and the most only civil power is that micro-control unit supplies Electricity, and standby power unit is not powered to micro-control unit;
When civil power power down, civil power monitoring means can monitor and input without civil power, and micro-control unit also inputs without civil power simultaneously;? When civil power monitoring means inputs without civil power, the high level output end of civil power monitoring means also exports without high level signal, now MOS The grid G of pipe switch just can not receive high level signal, and the most now the level signal of the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch is low level signal; Owing to having when the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch is low level signal between source S and the drain D of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch that metal-oxide-semiconductor switchs Circuit in the conduction state, now civil power is not powered to micro-control unit, and only standby power unit be micro-control unit supply Electricity;
Under the control of micro-control unit, the drain D and No. two nodes to metal-oxide-semiconductor switch of direct current transducer also real-time continuous it Between electric current on circuit detect, if between drain D and No. two nodes that the metal-oxide-semiconductor detected by direct current transducer is switched Electric current on circuit is designated as electric current TA, and detected electric current TA is uploaded to micro-control unit;
When standby power unit be micro-control unit power time, the now detected electric current TA of direct current transducer more than zero, direct current The signal that sensor is more than zero the electric current TA detected passes to micro-control unit, and micro-control unit then judges now as civil power power down State, micro-control unit makes corresponding data information processing according to the judged result of civil power power down;
When civil power is sent a telegram here again after power down, civil power monitoring means has monitored civil power input, the height of civil power monitoring means the most immediately Level output end has again high level signal to export, and now the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch receives again the high electricity that civil power monitoring means transmits Ordinary mail number, so that be off again between the drain D of the source S of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch and metal-oxide-semiconductor switch;
When being off between the source S and the drain D of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch, micro-control unit is again by city Electricity power supply;
When civil power be micro-control unit power time, the now detected electric current TA of direct current transducer equal to zero, direct current transducer handle The null signal of electric current TA detected passes to micro-control unit, and micro-control unit then judges now as mains-supplied state, micro- Control unit makes corresponding data information processing according to the judged result of mains-supplied;
Whether can be for microcontroller when whether standby power unit to be detected has electricity or standby power unit to be detected in civil power power down The detection process of unit offer power supply is: sent the instruction of disconnection normally closed switch, normally closed switch to normally closed switch by micro-control unit Then turning off, if the electric current TA now detected by direct current transducer is more than zero, then explanation standby power unit can be in civil power power down Shi Nengwei micro-control unit provides power supply, if the electric current TA now detected by direct current transducer is equal to zero, then now micro-control is described Unit processed is just powered by standby power unit, thus illustrates that now standby power unit does not only have electricity, but also explanation is the most standby Power subsystem can provide power supply for micro-control unit when civil power power down;
When there being civil power, micro-control unit is by mains-supplied, and when without civil power, micro-control unit is powered by standby power unit, circulation Back and forth, allow micro-control unit be constantly in electricity condition all the time, thus allow micro-control unit that electricity can be had to process needs and process in time Data message.
The reservation charging management method of a kind of electric automobile leasing system being applicable to mobile phone reservation charge function is as follows: use Person searches idle charging pile and idle vehicle and the electricity of corresponding vehicle by mobile phone, sends subscription time and requires reservation charging Reservation signal to server, server sends reservation charging signals and to designated vehicle and specifies charging pile;
Charging pile obtains the information about power of Current vehicle and sends to server, server according to electric automobile current vehicle condition and Ambient parameter carries out electricity calculating and assigns time-sharing charging control command, and charging pile carries out time-sharing charging to Current vehicle;
Charging pile is for using peak-trough electricity charging charging pile, if current time is in paddy electricity chargeable time, electric automobile is entered by charging pile Row charging;
If current time is in peak electricity chargeable time, then server is according on on-board information platform in the vehicle of charging pile current bindings Charging pile is operated by the car status information passed, if current bindings vehicle judges through overcharge, it is determined that then fill for needs charging Electric automobile is charged by electricity stake, if it is determined that for forbidding charging, charging pile stops being charged electric automobile;
Charging judge process is as follows:
First by artificial or server to one basic power threshold of tax of each charging pile and a basic quantity coefficient value,
Then server reads current time, paddy electric-opening time and the energy-storage battery charge value of Current vehicle, and server calculates current Time draws time difference with the difference of paddy electric-opening time;
The value of gained after the numerical value drawn after basis quantity coefficient value is divided by the time difference energy-storage battery charge value plus Current vehicle If greater than or be then judged to forbid charging equal to basis power threshold,
The value of gained after the numerical value drawn after basis quantity coefficient value is divided by the time difference energy-storage battery charge value plus Current vehicle Then it is judged to need charging less than basis power threshold;
In the last measurement period of charging pile, corresponding date average is borrowed train number number to be multiplied by given percent coefficient and draws electricity correction value, base Plinth power threshold is drawn plus electricity correction value by basis charge value, and basis charge value is unified numerical value;If there being many electric automobiles At charging pile etc. to be charged, then compare the current electric quantity value of Adjacent vehicles, server in the vehicle being judged to need charging with Electricity is charged the most successively.
Concrete example is as follows, if being Saturday, measurement period is one week today, then as Saturday last week borrow train number number be 5 times, the most such as It is 7 inferior for borrowing train number number Saturday week before last, and multiple measurement period average computation are got off, and at this point put Saturday is 5 times by means of car quantity, Basis charge value is the 50% of total electricity, and percent coefficient is 2%, then can show that basis power threshold is 50%+2%*5=60%, Being the 60% of total electricity, if current time is 9 points, paddy electricity chargeable time is 10 points, then current time difference is 60 points. Basis quantity coefficient value is set as 300%, then, 300%/60=5%, if battery electric quantity value is total electricity the 50% of Current vehicle, So 50%+5%=55%, the basic power threshold less than 60%, it is determined that charging for needs, electric automobile is charged by charging pile.
If battery electric quantity value is total electricity the 56% of Current vehicle, then basis quantity coefficient value is drawn divided by after time difference Numerical value be 56%+5%=61% plus the battery electric quantity value of Current vehicle, the basic power threshold more than 60%, it is determined that fill for needs Electricity, electric automobile is charged by charging pile.
If similar multiple measurement period average computation get off at this point put Saturday by means of car negligible amounts, basis power threshold is relatively low, More difficult reach charge threshold.
If having the distance of some vehicle parkings within 200 meters, then compare the current electric quantity value of Adjacent vehicles, central server Start to charge up the most successively with electricity in being judged to the vehicle needing to charge.
The management method of returning the car of a kind of electric automobile leasing system being applicable to mobile phone reservation charge function includes: work as user After parking, on-board information platform display selection information, if user is temporary parking, user is swiped the card or uses mobile phone to vehicle Control module sends order and carries out door operation, if user is operation of returning the car, then user selects to return the car at on-board information platform Order is also swiped the card at charging pile, and charging pile is bound with vehicle, and user is returned the car end.
A kind of management method that is applicable to hire a car with the scene of electric automobile leasing system of mobile phone reservation charge function includes: information Reader unit Card Reader, on-board information platform judges current vehicle condition, if current vehicle condition does not meets unlocking condition, vehicle control Molding block refusal opening car door, end of hiring a car;If current vehicle condition meets unlocking condition, vehicle control module solution lock door, Into the car, meanwhile, on-board information platform transmits current Card Reader data and returns user account information to server, server user To vehicle communication device, if it is that Sorry, your ticket has not enough value that server returns user account information, vehicle control module closes vehicle power power supply, Terminate to hire a car after on-board information platform prompting;If it is that remaining sum is sufficient that server returns user account information, vehicle control module is opened Vehicle power power supply, then carried out scene by user and hire a car use.
A kind of management method that is applicable to hire a car with the reservation of electric automobile leasing system of mobile phone reservation charge function includes: service Device sends reservation signal of hiring a car to designated vehicle, and synchronized transmission reservation hires a car signal to charging pile;If at the subscription time set In, user fail execution hire a car return the car step or on non-designated vehicle perform hire a car return the car step then send cancellation reservation hire a car Signal is to designated vehicle.
Under the control of micro-control unit, after the electricity of electric automobile is full of, micro-control unit sends No. one to a cylinder and stretches The instruction of bar elongation, promotes elevator up to move after an expansion link elongation of a cylinder, and elevator drives after up moving The charging plug of electric automobile moves up, the charging plug of electric automobile make after moving up the charging plug of electric automobile from Charging switching connects disconnection on converting interface 69 on the power supply of seat.Then, micro-control unit sends No. two expansion links and stretches to No. two cylinders Long instruction, promotes elevator up to move after No. two expansion links elongations of No. two cylinders, elevator up move after driving electric The charging plug of automobile moves up, and the charging plug of electric automobile makes the charging plug of electric automobile from charging after moving up Switching connects disconnection on converting interface 69 on the power supply of seat.Then, micro-control unit sends No. three expansion link elongations to No. three cylinders Instruction, ejects the charging plug of electric automobile after No. three expansion link elongations of No. three cylinders from the shell through hole of housing.Then, micro- Control unit sends enabled instruction to a motor, and a motor starts drive rotating disk and rotates, and rotating disk rotates drive and stops Electric automobile on rotating disk rotates.When the headstock of electric automobile is just to a conveyer belt, micro-control unit is on rotation dish No. three motors send enabled instruction, and No. three motors start No. two conveyer belts of drive and are fed forward, meanwhile, and microcontroller list Unit sends enabled instruction to No. two motors, and No. two motors start a number conveyer belt of drive and are fed forward, thus being full of The electric automobile of electricity is removed from charging pile.
Before user's electric automobile to be used charter business, user needs by user profile and handset binding.Needs are hired a car or need During charging pile to be rented charging, user hires a car or rent the information of charging pile with mobile phone and be uploaded to server need by reservation module, Server transfers the credit information of this user by credit block, if this user is user trusty, then agree to hire a car or Rent charging pile to use to this client, if this user is fly-by-night user, then disagrees and hire a car or rent charging pile to this visitor Family uses.When server confirms that this user is trusted user, the information of lease required for this user is sent to by server immediately After corresponding electric automobile and corresponding charging pile, user can control the electric automobile of correspondence and corresponding charging pile until lease Time terminates.
When needing charging, client sends information of lease with mobile phone to server as required, and what information of lease included that needs charge is Which electric automobile, need to fill how many electricity, need with which charging pile charging and when need time of charging be.
When charging, the contact pin 83 of the charging plug 78 of electric automobile is inserted into charging switching and connects converting interface on the power supply of seat 68 In 69, now, card reader 88 reads and is arranged in the information on the IC-card in charging plug 78.Information on IC-card is by arranging IC-card read write line 79 in charging plug writes.The connector assembly of charging plug includes being linked to be in the lower connector assembly 80 of one and upper Connector assembly 82, the plug electric wire 81 of charging plug introduces from upper connector assembly 82, and IC-card read write line 79 embeds and is arranged in lower plug In seat 80, the upper end of contact pin 83 is also secured in lower socket 80.
Road conditions module carries out record to the traffic information of the working line of electric automobile, and traffic information includes that corresponding electric automobile is different Period is the power consumption of every kilometer on same line.During user's in-use automotive, need input beginning and end, road conditions module according to The circuit that family is walked and this car power consumption of average every kilometer on this circuit calculate user to be needed from origin-to-destination altogether with how many Electricity, if electricity has abundant, allows for client to use on-board air conditioner, if electricity does not has abundant, just by wagon control mould Block cuts off the Switching Power Supply of on-board air conditioner, so that user mustn't use on-board air conditioner in the case of electricity is the most abundant.
Electric automobile is connected with server radio communication by the vehicle communication device of timesharing leasing system on its car.Add-on module is used In recording each additional information with car users ' individualized requirement, additional information include user when hiring a car the need of using vehicle-mounted sky Adjust, the need of with vehicle-mounted radio, the need of with vehicle audio, the need of with vehicle mounted guidance and this user from starting point The line information etc. often walked to terminal, it is simple to when this user leases this car again, the family of system calls the additional information of this user, Then calculate electricity whether to meet this user and use, if electricity meets this user and uses, can agree to hire a car to this client, as Really electricity is unsatisfactory for the needs of this user, it is necessary to remind this user can not rent this electric automobile or need to continue ability after charging Can so substantially increase the reliability of user's car with this electric automobile, be not result in the most electronic vapour of user Car does not has the situation of electricity to occur, reduces the worry of user's car, improves the reliability of user's car, so that client can grow Phase timing is bound this electric automobile and is used, and is particularly suitable for user's use that circuit on and off duty is relatively fixed.
The electric automobile of this example by mobile phone reservation lease with can be charged by mobile phone reservation, and can allow fully charged electronic vapour Charging pile removed automatically by car, and fully charged electric automobile will not take charging pile, does not results in the waste of charging pile resource, stable Property reliability preferable, intelligent automation degree is high.
Describe embodiments of the present invention above in conjunction with accompanying drawing, but do not limited by above-described embodiment when realizing, the common skill in this area Art personnel can make a variety of changes within the scope of the appended claims or revise.

Claims (10)

1., with an electric automobile leasing system for mobile phone reservation charge function, it is characterized in that, including mobile phone, service Device, several charging piles, the timesharing leasing system being disposed on electric automobile, reservation module and credit block;Charging pile, Reservation module and credit block are connected with server respectively, timesharing leasing system and server wireless connections, mobile phone and reservation Module wireless connections.
2. the electric automobile leasing system with mobile phone reservation charge function according to claim 1, it is special Levying and be, timesharing leasing system includes IC-card read write line, and being adjacent to connection on the read/write surface for read of IC-card read write line has an IC Block, and IC-card read write line embeds in the charging plug being arranged on electric automobile together with IC-card;Charging pile includes with one Block dividing plate is separated with the housing of upper cavity and lower chamber, and charging pile also includes micro-control unit and stake wireless module M;At housing Upper surface be provided with shell through hole, be provided with in the upper cavity of housing by an expansion link kinetic energy of a cylinder The elevator of lower slider, the elevator immediately below shell through hole is respectively equipped with block through hole, Card Reader hole and introduction hole;Pushing away Dividing plate immediately below portalling is provided with No. two cylinders, and No. two expansion links of No. two cylinders can be stretched in introduction hole up and down Contracting;It is provided with card reader on dividing plate immediately below Card Reader hole;Plate through hole it is provided with, at plate on dividing plate immediately below block through hole It is fixed with charging switching in through hole and connects seat, connect in charging switching and be provided with converting interface on power supply on the upper surface of seat, Charging switching connects the lower surface of seat and is provided with converting interface under power supply, is provided with by No. three cylinders in the lower chamber of housing No. three expansion links drive the movable adaptor moved up and down, and movable adaptor can be connected the power supply of seat with charging switching Coupling is just connected by lower converting interface, and the external power supply connection end of charging pile is connected to movable adaptor by a conductor wire On, and on conductor wire, it is provided with battery main switch;Control end, the control end of battery main switch, a cylinder of card reader Control end, No. two cylinders control end, the control end of No. three cylinders and stake wireless module are electrically connected with micro-control unit respectively Connect;Charging pile also includes parking platform, is provided with rotating disk and can drive a conveyer belt of vehicles while passing on parking platform, is turning Dish is provided with No. two conveyer belts that vehicle can be driven to move, and rotating disk is rotated by a step motor drive, a conveying Band is rotated by No. two step motor drive, and No. two conveyer belts are rotated by No. three step motor drive, a stepping The control end controlling end, the control end of No. two motors and No. three motors of motor is electrically connected with micro-control unit respectively Connect.
3. the electric automobile leasing system with mobile phone reservation charge function according to claim 2, it is special Levy and be, described timesharing leasing system include vehicle control module (95), vehicle communication device (96), for identity The information reader unit (97) verified and the on-board information platform (98) being used for collecting vehicle information and process;Described car Control module, vehicle communication device and information reader unit are connected with on-board information platform respectively, and timesharing leasing system leads to Cross vehicle communication device and the server wireless connections of this timesharing leasing system.
4. the electric automobile leasing system with mobile phone reservation charge function according to claim 2, it is special Levying and be, charging pile also includes commercial power interface (10), normally closed switch (11), node (12), city's pyroelectric monitor list Unit (13), metal-oxide-semiconductor switch (17), No. two nodes (18), standby power unit (20), primary power cource unit (24), Diode D2, direct current transducer (25) and GND publicly;The control end (a3) of described normally closed switch is connected electrically in micro- On a number instruction output end (e3) of control unit, the power input (a1) of described normally closed switch is connected electrically in civil power On interface, power output end (a2), the power input of civil power monitoring means and the primary power cource list of described normally closed switch The power input of unit is respectively electrically connected on a contact, and the high level output end of described civil power monitoring means is connected electrically in In the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch, the cathode voltage outfan of described standby power unit is connected electrically in the source of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch On the S of pole, the cathode power supply outfan of described primary power cource unit is connected electrically on the positive pole of diode D2, described direct current The current input terminal (b1) of sensor is connected electrically in the drain D of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch, and the electric current of described direct current transducer is defeated Go out end (b2), the negative pole of diode D2, the cathode power supply input (e1) of micro-control unit and the external electricity of charging pile The live wire joint (27) of source connection head is respectively electrically connected on No. two nodes, the control end (b3) of described direct current transducer It is connected electrically on No. two instruction output ends (e2) of micro-control unit, the earth terminal of described civil power monitoring means, primary electricity The ground end of the earth terminal of source unit, the earth terminal of standby power unit, the earth terminal of micro-control unit and charging pile respectively with GND electrical connection publicly.
5. the electric automobile leasing system with mobile phone reservation charge function according to claim 4, it is special Levying and be, civil power monitoring means includes step-down transformer (14), commutator (15), power supply monitoring chip (16), electricity Container C1, capacitor C2, capacitor C3, capacitor C4, capacitor C5, resistance R1 and resistance R2;Described blood pressure lowering The input of transformator is connected electrically on a node, and the outfan of described step-down transformer is connected electrically in the input of commutator On end, one end of the outfan of described commutator, one end of electric capacity C1 and electric capacity C2 is respectively electrically connected to power supply monitoring core On the vdd terminal of sheet, the OUT terminal of described power supply monitoring chip is connected electrically on one end of resistance R1, described resistance R1's One end of the other end, one end of capacitor C3, one end of capacitor C4, one end of capacitor C5 and resistance R2 is respectively It is connected electrically in the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch, the other end of described capacitor C1, the other end of capacitor C2, power supply Monitoring the NC end of chip, the VSS end of power supply monitoring chip, the DS end of power supply monitoring chip, capacitor C3 another The other end of end, the other end of capacitor C4, the other end of capacitor C5 and resistance R2 is respectively electrically connected to publicly On GND.
6. the electric automobile leasing system with mobile phone reservation charge function according to claim 4, its feature Being, standby power unit includes stand-by power supply monitoring port (21), energy-storage battery (22), low pressure difference linear voltage regulator (23), capacitor C6, capacitor C7, capacitor C8, resistance R3, resistance R4, resistance R5 and diode D1; One end of described capacitor C6 and one end of resistance R3 are respectively electrically connected on stand-by power supply monitoring port;Described resistance R3 The other end and one end of resistance R4 be respectively electrically connected on one end of resistance R5;The VIN of described low pressure difference linear voltage regulator One end of end, the other end of resistance R4 and capacitor C7 is respectively electrically connected on the positive terminal of energy-storage battery;Described low pressure The OUT terminal of difference linear constant voltage regulator and one end of capacitor C8 are respectively electrically connected on the positive pole of diode D1;Described two poles The negative electricity of pipe D1 be connected to metal-oxide-semiconductor switch source S on, the negative pole end of described energy-storage battery, capacitor C6 another One end, the other end of resistance R5, the other end of capacitor C7, the VSS end of low pressure difference linear voltage regulator and capacitor C8 The other end be respectively electrically connected to publicly on GND.
7. one kind be applicable to described in claim 4 with mobile phone reservation charge function electric automobile leasing system from Adapt to the use control method of power supply monitoring switching circuit, it is characterised in that use control method as follows:
Commercial power interface is connected on civil power, and normally closed switch closes;
When the non-power down of civil power, being flowed into the civil power at a node and be divided into two-way civil power to transmit, a road civil power sequentially passes through Powering for micro-control unit after primary power cource unit, diode D2 and No. two nodes, another road civil power is by city's pyroelectric monitor list Unit's real-time continuous monitoring, when civil power monitoring means carries out real-time continuous monitoring to civil power, the high level of civil power monitoring means Outfan can be simultaneously to the grid G output high level signal of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch;Owing to the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch is high electricity The circuit between the source S and the drain D of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch that metal-oxide-semiconductor switchs is had to be off, now during ordinary mail Only civil power is that micro-control unit is powered, and standby power unit is not powered to micro-control unit;
When civil power power down, civil power monitoring means can monitor and input without civil power, and micro-control unit also inputs without civil power simultaneously; When civil power monitoring means inputs without civil power, the high level output end of civil power monitoring means also exports without high level signal, this Time metal-oxide-semiconductor switch grid G just can not receive high level signal, the most now the level signal of the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch is Low level signal;Owing to there being the source S and metal-oxide-semiconductor that metal-oxide-semiconductor switchs when the grid G of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch is low level signal Circuit between the drain D of switch is in the conduction state, and now civil power is not powered to micro-control unit, and only standby electricity Source unit is that micro-control unit is powered;
Under the control of micro-control unit, the drain D to metal-oxide-semiconductor switch of direct current transducer also real-time continuous and No. two joints Between point, the electric current on circuit detects, if detected by direct current transducer metal-oxide-semiconductor switch drain D with No. two Between node, the electric current on circuit is designated as electric current TA, and detected electric current TA is uploaded to micro-control unit;
When standby power unit be micro-control unit power time, the now detected electric current TA of direct current transducer more than zero, The signal that direct current transducer is more than zero the electric current TA detected passes to micro-control unit, and micro-control unit then judges now For civil power power-down state, micro-control unit makes corresponding data information processing according to the judged result of civil power power down;
When civil power is sent a telegram here again after power down, civil power monitoring means has monitored civil power input, civil power monitoring means the most immediately High level output end have again high level signal to export, now metal-oxide-semiconductor switch grid G receive again civil power monitoring means pass The high level signal come, so that be in again disconnection between the drain D of the source S of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch and metal-oxide-semiconductor switch State;
When being off between the source S and the drain D of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch of metal-oxide-semiconductor switch, micro-control unit is again By mains-supplied;
When civil power be micro-control unit power time, the now detected electric current TA of direct current transducer is equal to zero, and direct current passes Sensor passes to micro-control unit the null signal of electric current TA detected, micro-control unit then judges now as civil power Power supply state, micro-control unit makes corresponding data information processing according to the judged result of mains-supplied;
When whether standby power unit to be detected has electricity or standby power unit to be detected in civil power power down can be whether The detection process of micro-control unit offer power supply is: sent the finger of disconnection normally closed switch to normally closed switch by micro-control unit Order, normally closed switch then turns off, if the electric current TA now detected by direct current transducer is more than zero, then standby electricity is described Source unit can provide power supply for micro-control unit when civil power power down, if the electric current TA now detected by direct current transducer Equal to zero, then illustrate that now micro-control unit is just powered by standby power unit, thus illustrate that now standby power unit is not Only have electricity, but also illustrate that now standby power unit can provide power supply for micro-control unit when civil power power down;
When there being civil power, micro-control unit is by mains-supplied, and when without civil power, micro-control unit is powered by standby power unit, Move in circles, allow micro-control unit be constantly in electricity condition all the time, thus allow micro-control unit can have electricity to process needs The data message processed in time.
8. the electric automobile leasing system with mobile phone reservation charge function being applicable to described in claim 2 is pre- About charging management method, it is characterised in that reservation charging management method is as follows: user searches idle filling by mobile phone Electricity stake and idle vehicle and the electricity of corresponding vehicle, the reservation signal that transmission subscription time requirement reservation is charged is to servicing Device, server sends reservation charging signals and to designated vehicle and specifies charging pile;
Charging pile obtains the information about power of Current vehicle and sends to server, and server is according to electric automobile Current vehicle shape State and ambient parameter carry out electricity calculating and assign time-sharing charging control command, and charging pile carries out timesharing to Current vehicle and fills Electricity;
Charging pile is for using peak-trough electricity charging charging pile, if current time is in paddy electricity chargeable time, charging pile is to electronic vapour Car is charged;
If current time is in peak electricity chargeable time, then server is put down according to on-vehicle information in the vehicle of charging pile current bindings Charging pile is operated by the car status information that platform is uploaded, if current bindings vehicle judges through overcharge, it is determined that for needs Charging, electric automobile is charged by charging pile, if it is determined that for forbidding charging, charging pile stops filling electric automobile Electricity;
Charging judge process is as follows:
First by artificial or server to one basic power threshold of tax of each charging pile and a basic quantity coefficient value,
Then server reads current time, paddy electric-opening time and the energy-storage battery charge value of Current vehicle, and server calculates Current time draws time difference with the difference of paddy electric-opening time;
Institute after the numerical value drawn after basis quantity coefficient value is divided by the time difference energy-storage battery charge value plus Current vehicle Value if greater than or be then judged to forbid charging equal to basis power threshold,
Institute after the numerical value drawn after basis quantity coefficient value is divided by the time difference energy-storage battery charge value plus Current vehicle The value obtained then is judged to need charging less than basis power threshold;
In the last measurement period of charging pile, corresponding date average is borrowed train number number to be multiplied by given percent coefficient and draws electricity correction Value, basis power threshold is drawn plus electricity correction value by basis charge value, and basis charge value is unified numerical value;If having many Electric automobile is to be charged at charging pile etc., then compare the current electric quantity value of Adjacent vehicles, and server is being judged to needs The vehicle of charging is charged the most successively with electricity.
9. the electric automobile leasing system with mobile phone reservation charge function being applicable to described in claim 3 also Car management method, it is characterised in that management method of returning the car includes: after user stops, on-board information platform display choosing Selecting information, if user is temporary parking, user is swiped the card or is used mobile phone that vehicle control module is sent order and carries out car Door operation, if user is operation of returning the car, then user on-board information platform select return the car order and at charging pile brush Card, charging pile and vehicle bind, and user is returned the car end.
10. the showing of electric automobile leasing system with mobile phone reservation charge function being applicable to described in claim 3 Studio rent car management method, it is characterised in that scene management method of hiring a car includes: information reader unit Card Reader, on-vehicle information Platform judges current vehicle condition, if current vehicle condition does not meets unlocking condition, vehicle control module refusal opening vehicle Door, end of hiring a car;If current vehicle condition meets unlocking condition, vehicle control module solution locking door, user enters car In, meanwhile, the on-board information platform current Card Reader data of transmission are to server, and server returns user account information to vehicle Communicator, if it is that Sorry, your ticket has not enough value that server returns user account information, vehicle control module closes vehicle power power supply, Terminate to hire a car after on-board information platform prompting;If it is that remaining sum is sufficient that server returns user account information, vehicle control module Unlocking vehicle electrical source of power, then carried out scene by user and hire a car use.
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