CN109102640A - The safe leasing system of electric car - Google Patents

The safe leasing system of electric car Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109102640A
CN109102640A CN201710472223.1A CN201710472223A CN109102640A CN 109102640 A CN109102640 A CN 109102640A CN 201710472223 A CN201710472223 A CN 201710472223A CN 109102640 A CN109102640 A CN 109102640A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
car
charging
battery
knee
holes
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201710472223.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109102640B (en
Inventor
蒋阳川
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningbo Xuanyuexing Electric Automobile Service Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Ningbo Xuanyuexing Electric Automobile Service Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Ningbo Xuanyuexing Electric Automobile Service Co Ltd filed Critical Ningbo Xuanyuexing Electric Automobile Service Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710472223.1A priority Critical patent/CN109102640B/en
Publication of CN109102640A publication Critical patent/CN109102640A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109102640B publication Critical patent/CN109102640B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/0042Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects
    • G07F17/0057Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for hiring of objects for the hiring or rent of vehicles, e.g. cars, bicycles or wheelchairs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • G06Q30/0645Rental, i.e. leasing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles

Abstract

The invention discloses the safe leasing system of electric car, it is related to electric car and returns the car processing technology field, which returns the car easy to use, safety and reliability height of returning the car, and intelligence degree is high.Lease platform including electric car and the charging pile for electric car charging, are equipped with vehicle end access device of returning the car in the charging jacks with electric automobile;Abnormal knee of going back is respectively equipped on the charging gun of charging pile to terminate into device and normally go back knee and terminate into device;Normally go back knee terminate into device control terminal and it is abnormal go back knee terminate into device control terminal respectively with lease Platform communication and connect;And when charging gun is inserted in charging jacks; if it is normally returning the car, leasing platform can be terminated by normally going back knee into device and vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car, and be returned the car if it is abnormal, and leasing platform can be terminated by abnormal knee of going back into device and vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car.

Description

The safe leasing system of electric car
Technical field
It returns the car processing technology field the present invention relates to electric car, and in particular to the safe leasing system of electric car.
Background technique
At present electric car return the car usually user electric car reach as defined in return the car place, using what is manually registered Mode is returned the car, and use is very inconvenient.Therefore, design a kind of can be just very necessary by the system that user voluntarily returns the car.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is to provide electric car lease system safely to solve existing electric car and return the car above shortcomings System, the system are returned the car easy to use, and safety and reliability height of returning the car, intelligence degree is high, the energy when charging pile is flooded and does not have The incoming power of charging pile is actively cut off, whether lease platform can monitor the bumper bar of electric car in real time by collision deformation, rent Platform of renting is easy to carry out anticollision monitoring management to the bumper bar of electric car.
The above technical problem is solved through the following technical scheme:
The safe leasing system of electric car, the lease platform including electric car and the charging pile for electric car charging, Vehicle end access device of returning the car is equipped in the charging jacks with electric automobile;Be respectively equipped on the charging gun of charging pile for The abnormal exception returned the car and can match connection with vehicle end access device of returning the car of electric car offer goes back knee and terminates into device and be Electric car, which provides, normally to be returned the car and can match with vehicle end access device of returning the car the normal of connection and go back knee and terminate into device;Normally Also knee terminates the control terminal into device and abnormal go back the control terminal that knee is terminated into device and connect respectively with lease Platform communication; And when charging gun is inserted in charging jacks, if it is normally returning the car, lease platform can by normally go back knee terminate into Device and vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car, return the car if it is abnormal, lease platform can by it is abnormal go back knee terminate into Device and vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car;The entire car controller of electric car is connect with vehicle end access device of returning the car, electricity The door control module of electrical automobile is connected with entire car controller;It is connected with and is hit on the inner surface of the bumper bar of electric car Deformation detection mechanism, the deformation detection mechanism that hit are connect with lease Platform communication.
In electric automobile charging station, returning the car in charging station conveniently to charge for electric car in the place of returning the car of this programme, It is also convenient for carrying out electric car unified centralized management.When returning the car, need user that vehicle is reached electric automobile charging station, user Charging gun is inserted into the charging jacks of electric car, platform is leased if it can normally return the car can be by normally going back knee end Access device allows client normally to be returned the car with vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car.It is flat if there is abnormal then lease of returning the car Platform can by it is abnormal go back knee and terminate allow client return the car extremely into device and vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car.This is System, which devises, normally returns the car and abnormal two sets of schemes of returning the car of returning the car, and allows the system to return the car easy to use, the safety and reliable of returning the car Property it is high, intelligence degree is high, can not cut off the incoming power of charging pile actively when charging pile is flooded and.When bumper bar is hit After hitting deformation, the deformation of bumper bar will be detected by being hit deformation detection mechanism, be hit deformation detection mechanism just for bumper bar Deformation information is uploaded to lease platform, and lease platform is that may know that the bumper bar of corresponding vehicle by collision deformation.If insurance Bar be impacted deformation time occur user lease electric car period in, then the staff of leasing unit can sentence The bumper bar that breaks is related with user by the accident of collision deformation, and the staff of leasing unit can also pass through the rent of user It is related by the accident of collision deformation that information of renting knows which user plays bumper bar to this.Fruit bumper bar be impacted deformation when Between do not occur within the period that user leases electric car, the staff of Ze Lin company can determine whether that the bumper bar is hit The accident for hitting deformation is unrelated with user.The staff of leasing unit is allowed to be easy to be managed electric car and safeguard in this way. Whether this programme lease platform can monitor the bumper bar of electric car in real time by collision deformation, lease platform and be easy to electric car Bumper bar carries out anticollision monitoring management.
Preferably, charging gun includes inserting column, column bottom half-via is equipped with straight up on the lower end surface of inserting column, at column bottom It is equipped with the cylinder of telescopic rod downwards in half-via, an end charging plug is fixed on the telescopic rod lower end surface of cylinder; It is equipped with the strut that diameter is less than column bottom half-via diameter straight up in the charging jacks of electric car, it is solid on the top of strut Fixed be equipped with can match the vehicle end charging socket being conductively connected with stake end charging plug;The control terminal of cylinder is connect with lease platform.
This programme controls the flexible of Telescopic-cylinder bar by lease platform, to realize different with using when cannot not normally return the car It often returns the car, substantially increases the reliability, convenience and safety returned the car, intelligence degree is high.
Preferably, normally going back knee and terminating into device includes normally going back knee end communication conducting interface and No.1 electronics Lock;It includes that abnormal knee end of going back communicates conducting interface and No. two electronic locks that exception, which is gone back knee and terminated into device,;Vehicle of returning the car terminate into Device include can respectively with normally go back knee end communication conducting interface and it is abnormal go back the communication of knee end interface signal be connected connect Interface is connected in vehicle end communication of returning the car;Successively it is equipped at intervals with No.1 hole, No. three holes, No. four holes from the bottom up on the lateral wall of inserting column With No. six holes, and No. three holes are located at the surface in No.1 hole, and No. six holes are located at the surface in No. four holes;In filling for electric car Vertical hole wall is equipped with No. two holes and No. five holes in electric jack, and No. five holes are located at the top in No. two holes;Normally go back the communication of knee end Interface is connected to be arranged in No.1 hole, vehicle end communication conducting interface of returning the car is arranged in No. two holes, goes back the communication of knee end extremely and leads It connects mouth to be arranged in No. three holes, No.1 electronic lock is arranged in No. four holes, and No. two electronic locks are arranged in No. six holes;And work as The lock tongue of No.1 electronic lock also faces No. five holes when No.1 hole faces No. two holes, when No. three holes face No. two holes No. two The lock tongue of electronic lock also faces No. five holes;The control terminal of No.1 electronic lock and the control terminal of No. two electronic locks are flat with lease respectively Platform connection.
When normally returning the car, normally goes back knee end communication conducting interface and vehicle end communication conducting interface face signal of returning the car connects It connects, the lock tongue of No.1 electronic lock stretches out lock in No. five holes.When returning the car extremely, knee end communication conducting interface is gone back extremely and is gone back The communication conducting interface face signal connection of vehicle vehicle end, the lock tongue of No. two electronic locks stretch out lock in No. five holes.Electric car is returned the car It is easy to use, safety and reliability height of returning the car, intelligence degree height.
Preferably, being equipped with manual generator on charging pile, it is respectively equipped in charging pile mutually indepedent by several Single battery be sequentially connected in series made of battery pack, microcontroller and battery connection module, be additionally provided in charging pile respectively with The equal charger of single battery number, switching switch and current limliting module;The power input and electricity generated manually of each charger Machine connection;Battery pack can be simultaneously microcontroller, cylinder, No.1 electronic lock and No. two electronic locks provide backup power source;Microcontroller Device is connect with lease platform;Battery connection module includes the bulk charging bindiny mechanism equal with single battery number;In every individual Bulk voltage detection chip is respectively equipped in charging connection mechanism;The power output end of each charger is one-to-one to be connected to switching and opens On one terminals at the selection end of pass;On one-to-one one end for being connected to current limliting module of turning end of each switching switch, often In the one-to-one bulk charging bindiny mechanism for being connected to battery connection module of the other end of a current limliting module;Battery connection module connection On the battery pack, the control terminal of the battery connection module, each bulk voltage detection chip, the control terminal of each current limliting module and The control terminal of each switching switch is connect with microcontroller respectively;And under the control of the micro-controller, when not be battery pack charge When, mutually independent single battery each in battery pack can be sequentially connected in series by battery connection module becomes series electrical together Pond, when for battery pack charging, battery connection module can become the series-connected cell for being sequentially connected in series together in battery pack Mutually independent single battery.
For this programme in charging, voltage checking chip can carry out voltage detecting to corresponding single battery.When some monomer Battery can reduce charging current by current limliting module when being full of, and can pass through current limliting mould when some single battery is not full of far also Block increases charging current.To make voltage contained by single battery identical as far as possible.When each single battery is full of and each monomer The voltage of battery can disconnect charge power supply when identical.Or when each single battery and underfill and each single battery Voltage can also disconnect charge power supply when identical.After allowing single battery to be connected in this way, do not had between the single battery of series connection Electric current flowing, the high reliablity of battery.The charging current or charging voltage of each charger between each other can not be identical.By cutting Different chargers can be selected to some single battery by changing switch.The cooperation of switching switch and current limliting module can preferably need The single battery of charging provides charging current and charging voltage in real time, consequently facilitating the charging progress to each single battery carries out Individually control, is also convenient for individually controlling the charging voltage of each single battery.Pass through temperature detection during the charging process Mechanism can detect the temperature of single battery, and can carry out overheat protector control to single battery in charging.
This programme can make the damage of single single battery will not influence other single battery chargings, and not fill for battery pack Mutually independent single battery each in battery pack can be sequentially connected in series when electric and become series-connected cell together, for battery The series-connected cell for being sequentially connected in series together in battery pack can be become mutually independent single battery when group charging, to each The charging process of single battery also can be carried out voltage detecting, and can the charging progress to each single battery individually controlled, Can also the charging voltage to each single battery individually controlled, and charging when can to single battery carry out overheat protector control System.
Preferably, there are three the single battery for setting battery pack is total, and setting these three single batteries is respectively No.1 monomer Battery, No. two single batteries and No. three single batteries;The bulk charging bindiny mechanism of battery connection module altogether there are three, and set this three Individual charging connection mechanism is respectively that No.1 bulk charging bindiny mechanism, No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms with No. three bulk chargings connect machine Structure;Battery connection module further includes that a group power output interface, No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT), No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s and hilted broadsword are opened It closes;The anode of No.1 single battery is connected in the turning end of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT), the No.1 of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) Contact is connected on the positive terminal of No.1 bulk charging bindiny mechanism, and No. two contacts of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) are connected to two On No. two contacts of number single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT), the cathode that the cathode of No.1 single battery is connected to No.1 bulk charging bindiny mechanism is connect On line end, the cathode of No.1 single battery is also connected in the negative terminals of group power output interface;No. two single batteries Anode is connected on the positive terminal of No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms, and it is defeated that the anode of No. two single batteries is also connected to group power supply On the positive terminal of outgoing interface, the cathode of No. two single batteries is connected to the negative terminals of No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms On, the cathode of No. two single batteries is also connected on one end of single knife switch;The cathode of No. three single batteries is connected to No. two lists In the turning end of double-pole double throw switch, the No.1 contact of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s is connected to the cathode of No. three bulk charging bindiny mechanisms On terminals, the anode of No. three single batteries is connected on the positive terminal of No. three bulk charging bindiny mechanisms, No. three monomer electricity The anode in pond is also connected on the other end of single knife switch;The control terminal of the No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT), No. two single-pole double throws The control terminal of switch and the control terminal of single knife switch are connect with microcontroller respectively.
Preferably, the waterproof power-off protection apparatus includes stake into electric water-tight device, the stake is into electric water-tight device packet The No.1 pipe being fixed on the pedestal of charging pile vertically is included, vertical sliding is equipped with No.1 sliding shoe in the lumen of No.1 pipe, if No.1 pipe lumen below No.1 sliding shoe is lumen under No.1 pipe, is fixed on the inner bottom surface of lumen under No.1 pipe No.1 leading-in socket is fixedly connected with and the matched No.1 plug of No.1 leading-in socket on the lower surface of No.1 sliding shoe;It fills The incoming seal waterproof of electric stake is connected on No.1 leading-in socket, and the supply lines of each electrical equipment is connected to No.1 and inserts in charging pile On head;No.1 support rod, No.1 fixed pulley, No.1 horizontal bracket and No.1 buoyancy are fixed on the outer tube wall of No.1 pipe Ball;And the upper end of No.1 support rod is higher than the upper orifice of No.1 pipe, and No.1 fixed pulley is located at the lower section of No.1 horizontal bracket, and one Number support rod is located at the top of No.1 horizontal bracket, and No.1 buoyant spheres, which are move freely, to be placed on No.1 horizontal bracket;In No.1 Rotation is equipped with No.1 lever on support rod, and the both ends of a No.1 lifting rope are respectively fixedly connected on one end of No.1 lever and one On the upper surface of number sliding shoe, the both ends of a No.1 drawstring are respectively fixedly connected on the other end of No.1 lever and No.1 is floating On power ball, and No.1 drawstring and No.1 fixed pulley are rolled and are connected;And when the upward buoyancy of No.1 buoyant spheres is greater than the set value When, No.1 lifting rope stretchy No.1 sliding shoe moves up, so that No.1 plug be made to separate with No.1 leading-in socket;In No.1 pipe Down tube is intracavitary to be fixed with bottom film chamber and upper membrane cavity, and one is fixedly connected on No.1 sliding shoe in the T-shaped thorn head that stands upside down On, the tartar end of thorn head is located at below bottom film chamber;This glue of AB glue water is housed in upper membrane cavity, AB glue is housed in bottom film chamber The curing agent of water, and this glue mixed with curing agent after can be sealedly connected on No.1 inlet wire on the jack face of No.1 leading-in socket The jack of socket seals up.
Preferably, being hit deformation detection mechanism includes that wireless module, memory, single-chip microcontroller and one piece of outer surface are close to connect Connect the pasting board on the inner surface of the bumper bar of electric car;The outer surface of pasting board is equipped with several plate grooves, in each plate It She You not left wall hole and right wall hole on left and right cell wall in groove;It is respectively fixed with electroluminescent lamp in each left wall hole, each Normally opened optoelectronic switch is respectively fixed in right wall hole;Being hit deformation detection mechanism further includes the slot address equal with plate groove number Encoder and the normal open switch equal with electroluminescent lamp number, normally opened optoelectronic switch is one-to-one to be connected in series in slot address encoder On electric power loop, normal open switch is one-to-one to be connected in series on the electric power loop of electroluminescent lamp;The control of the memory, normal open switch End processed, slot address encoder address signal upload end and wireless module connect with single-chip microcontroller respectively, wireless module and lease are put down Platform is wirelessly connected.
Preparatory the slot address prestored information of slot address encoder and the information of normal open switch in memory.It is using When, single-chip microcontroller issues closure signal to normal open switch in setting time interval, and normal open switch is closed immediately, normal open switch closure The electric power loop of electroluminescent lamp is allowed to be connected afterwards, so that electroluminescent lamp be made to shine, the light of electroluminescent lamp will be irradiated to normally opened optoelectronic switch On, normally opened optoelectronic switch is closed immediately, allows the electric power loop of slot address encoder to be connected after normally opened optoelectronic switch closure, slot address Encoder is with by the slot address field data of oneself being uploaded to single-chip microcontroller.Single-chip microcontroller prestores the slot address stored in memory The slot address field data that information and slot address encoder upload is compared.If slot address field data and slot address prestore Information matches correspondence one by one, then illustrates that slot address field data number and slot address prestored information number are equal, illustrate bumper bar At this time not by collision deformation;If slot address field data and slot address prestored information cannot match correspondence one by one, say Flume address field data number and slot address prestored information number are unequal, illustrate bumper bar at this time by collision deformation.And Allow single-chip microcontroller that the slot address field data on not corresponding with the matching of slot address prestored information is uploaded to rent by wireless module It rents platform, lease platform can judge the bumper bar of corresponding electric car according to the slot address field data that single-chip microcontroller uploads Which position receives collision deformation.
The present invention can reach following effect:
1, the present invention allows electric car to return the car easy to use, and safety and reliability height of returning the car, intelligence degree is high, is filling Electric stake is flooded the incoming power that charging pile can be actively cut off when there be not.
2, the present invention when returning the car will not short of electricity, can be generated electricity when short of electricity and be returned the car by user oneself.
3, the present invention can make the damage of single single battery will not influence other single battery chargings, and not be battery Mutually independent single battery each in battery pack can be sequentially connected in series when group charging and becomes series-connected cell together, for The series-connected cell for being sequentially connected in series together in battery pack can be become mutually independent single battery when charging by battery pack, right The charging process of each single battery also can be carried out voltage detecting, and can the charging progress to each single battery individually controlled System, can also the charging voltage to each single battery individually controlled, highly-safe, good reliability.
4, whether the bumper bar that lease platform can monitor electric car in real time is leased platform and is easy to electronic vapour by collision deformation The bumper bar of vehicle carries out anticollision monitoring management.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is one kind when the inserting column of charging gun of the embodiment of the present invention is inserted into not yet in the charging jacks of electric car Use state section view attachment structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is one kind when the inserting column of charging gun of the embodiment of the present invention is inserted into not yet in the charging jacks of electric car Attachment structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is that the inserting column of charging gun of the embodiment of the present invention has been inserted into the charging jacks of electric car, and No.1 Hole faces No. two holes, and one kind when the lock tongue of the No.1 electronic lock in No. four holes is inserted into No. five holes is normally returned the car using shape State section view attachment structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is that the inserting column of charging gun of the embodiment of the present invention has been inserted into the charging jacks of electric car, and No. three Hole faces No. two holes, and a kind of exception when the lock tongue of No. two electronic locks in No. six holes is inserted into No. five holes is returned the car using shape State section view attachment structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is a kind of schematic diagram of circuit principle connecting structure of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a kind of circuit theory connection structure schematic block diagram of the present embodiment.
Fig. 7 is the present embodiment stake into a kind of attachment structure schematic diagram at electric water-tight device.
Fig. 8, which is the embodiment of the present invention, is hit a kind of schematic diagram of circuit principle connecting structure at deformation detection mechanism.
Fig. 9 is a kind of attachment structure schematic diagram that the present embodiment pasting board is tightly attached on bumper bar.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Embodiment, the safe leasing system of electric car, referring to shown in Fig. 1-9,50 He of lease platform including electric car For the charging pile 49 of electric car charging, vehicle end access device 51 of returning the car is equipped in the charging jacks with electric automobile; It is respectively equipped on the charging gun 48 of charging pile and provides abnormal return the car and can be with vehicle end access device of returning the car for electric car 26 Exception with connection is gone back knee and terminated normally returns the car and can be with vehicle end access device of returning the car into device 52 and providing for electric car Matching connection is normally gone back knee and is terminated into device 53;Knee is normally gone back to terminate the control terminal into device and abnormal go back knee termination The control terminal for entering device is connect with lease Platform communication respectively;And when charging gun is inserted in charging jacks, if it is just It often returns the car, leasing platform can be terminated by normally going back knee into device and vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car, if it is different It often returns the car, leasing platform can be terminated by abnormal knee of going back into device and vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car.In electronic vapour The battery management system 54 of vehicle is connect with vehicle end access device of returning the car.The entire car controller 55 of electric car and vehicle of returning the car terminate into Device connection, the door control module 58 of electric car are connected with entire car controller.
Charging gun includes inserting column 34, is equipped with column bottom half-via 30 straight up on the lower end surface of inserting column, logical at column bottom half It is equipped with the cylinder 33 of telescopic rod downwards in hole, is fixed with an end charging plug on 32 lower end surface of telescopic rod of cylinder 31;It is equipped with the strut 27 that diameter is less than column bottom half-via diameter straight up in the charging jacks 29 of electric car 26, is propping up The top of bar is fixed with can match the vehicle end charging socket 28 being conductively connected with stake end charging plug;The control terminal and rent of cylinder Platform of renting connection.
Normally going back knee and terminating into device includes normally going back knee end communication conducting interface 44 and No.1 electronic lock 39;It is abnormal It includes that abnormal knee end of going back communicates conducting interface 42 and No. two electronic locks 36 that also knee, which is terminated into device,;It returns the car vehicle end access device Including can respectively with normally go back knee end communication conducting interface and it is abnormal go back that the communication of knee end is connected that interface signal connect return the car Vehicle end communication conducting interface 47;Successively it is equipped at intervals with the hole 41, four of No.1 hole 43, three from the bottom up on the lateral wall of inserting column Hole 38 and No. six holes 35, and No. three holes are located at the surface in No.1 hole, and No. six holes are located at the surface in No. four holes;In electronic vapour Vertical hole wall is equipped with No. two holes 46 and No. five holes 45 in the charging jacks of vehicle, and No. five holes are located at the top in No. two holes;It is normal to go back Knee end communication conducting interface is arranged in No.1 hole, and vehicle end communication conducting interface of returning the car is arranged in No. two holes, returns the car extremely Stake end communication conducting interface is arranged in No. three holes, and No.1 electronic lock is arranged in No. four holes, and No. two electronic locks are arranged at No. six In hole;And when No.1 hole faces No. two holes, the lock tongue 40 of No.1 electronic lock also faces No. five holes, when No. three hole faces No. two holes when No. two electronic locks lock tongue 37 also face No. five holes;The control of the control terminal of No.1 electronic lock and No. two electronic locks End processed is connect with lease platform respectively.
The finger-print recognising instrument 56 connecting respectively with lease platform and card reader 57 are equipped on charging gun.
Shown in Figure 7, the waterproof power-off protection apparatus includes stake into electric water-tight device, and the stake is into electric water-tight device Including the No.1 pipe s6 being fixed on the pedestal s3 of charging pile 49 vertically, vertical sliding is equipped with one in the lumen s14 of No.1 pipe Number sliding shoe s5, being set in the No.1 pipe lumen below No.1 sliding shoe is lumen s15 under No.1 pipe, the lumen under No.1 pipe It is fixed with No.1 leading-in socket s2 on inner bottom surface, is fixedly connected on the lower surface of No.1 sliding shoe and No.1 leading-in socket Matched No.1 plug s4;The inlet wire s1 sealing waterproof of charging pile is connected on No.1 leading-in socket, and each electricity consumption is set in charging pile Standby supply lines s8 is connected on No.1 plug;No.1 support rod s10 is fixed on the outer tube wall of No.1 pipe, No.1 is slided surely Take turns s13, No.1 horizontal bracket s22 and No.1 buoyant spheres s11;And the upper end of No.1 support rod is higher than the upper orifice of No.1 pipe, No.1 fixed pulley is located at the lower section of No.1 horizontal bracket, and No.1 support rod is located at the top of No.1 horizontal bracket, No.1 buoyant spheres It move freely and is placed on No.1 horizontal bracket;Rotation is equipped with No.1 lever s9, a No.1 lifting rope s23 on No.1 support rod Both ends be respectively fixedly connected on one end of No.1 lever and the upper surface of No.1 sliding shoe on, No.1 drawstring s12's Both ends be respectively fixedly connected on the other end of No.1 lever and No.1 buoyant spheres on, and No.1 drawstring and No.1 fixed pulley roll Dynamic connection;And when the upward buoyancy of No.1 buoyant spheres is greater than the set value, No.1 lifting rope stretchy No.1 sliding shoe is to moving up It is dynamic, so that No.1 plug be made to separate with No.1 leading-in socket;Bottom film chamber s19 and upper membrane cavity are fixed with No.1 pipe down tube is intracavitary S17, one is fixedly connected on No.1 sliding shoe in the T-shaped thorn head s20 that stands upside down, and the tartar end s21 of thorn head is located at Below bottom film chamber;This glue s16 of AB glue water s24 is housed in upper membrane cavity, the curing agent s18 of AB glue water is housed in bottom film chamber, And this glue can be sealedly connected on inserting No.1 leading-in socket on the face jack s7 of No.1 leading-in socket after mixing with curing agent Hole seals up.
The waterproof power-off protection apparatus further includes that stake goes out electric water-tight device, and the stake goes out structure and the institute of electric water-tight device The structure for stating stake into electric water-tight device is identical.
It is raised to setting when waterborne and settles, the pulling force that buoyant spheres generate upwards can be mentioned by No.1 drawstring, No.1 lever, No.1 Rope and No.1 sliding shoe are applied on No.1 plug, and No.1 plug will be moved up, No.1 plug meeting after No.1 plug rises It is separated with No.1 leading-in socket, during No.1 plug can be with No.1 leading-in socket separation process, thorn head also can be to moving up Dynamic to squeeze broken bottom film chamber and upper membrane cavity, this glue in curing agent and upper membrane cavity in bottom film chamber can mix, curing agent and the meeting of this glue It can be sealedly connected on after mixing on the face jack s7 of No.1 leading-in socket and seal up the jack of No.1 leading-in socket.To realize The power-off insulated enclosure of charging pile inlet wire.The power-off insulated enclosure of charging pile inlet wire prevents maintenance to get an electric shock, and safety is higher.
It is equipped with manual generator 1 on charging pile, is respectively equipped in charging pile by several mutually independent monomer electricity Battery pack 25, microcontroller 8 made of pond is sequentially connected in series and battery connection module 22, be additionally provided in charging pile respectively with monomer The equal charger of battery number, switching switch and current limliting module;The power input and manual generator of each charger connect It connects, battery pack can be microcontroller, cylinder, camera 59, microphone 60, No.1 electronic lock, No. two electronic locks, fingerprint recognitions simultaneously The offer backup power source of instrument and card reader;Microcontroller is connect with lease platform.
The microcontroller, cylinder, camera, microphone, No.1 electronic lock, No. two electronic locks, finger-print recognising instrument and card reading The primary power cource of device is provided by alternating current.Only in the case where not having alternating current, ability by battery pack while being microcontroller, cylinder, camera shooting Head, microphone, No.1 electronic lock, No. two electronic locks, finger-print recognising instrument and card reader provide power supply.
Battery connection module includes the bulk charging bindiny mechanism equal with single battery number;Machine is connected in each bulk charging Bulk voltage detection chip 101 is respectively equipped on structure;The one-to-one choosing for being connected to switching switch of the power output end of each charger It selects on a terminals at end;On one-to-one one end for being connected to current limliting module of turning end of each switching switch, each current limliting In the one-to-one bulk charging bindiny mechanism for being connected to battery connection module of the other end of module;Battery connection module is connected to battery In group, the control terminal of the battery connection module, each bulk voltage detection chip 101, the control terminal of each current limliting module and every The control terminal of a switching switch is connect with microcontroller respectively;And under the control of the micro-controller, when not being battery pack charging, Mutually independent single battery each in battery pack can be sequentially connected in series by battery connection module becomes series-connected cell together, When for battery pack charging, the series-connected cell for being sequentially connected in series together in battery pack can be become mutual by battery connection module Independent single battery.
Charger in this example is charger 2, charging 3 and charger 4.Switching switch in this example is switching switch 5, switch switch 6 and switching switch 7.Current limliting module in this example is limited flow module 9, current limliting module 10 and current limliting module 11. The selection end of each switching switch includes terminals a, terminals b and terminals c.
If there are three the single battery of the present embodiment battery pack is total, and setting these three single batteries is respectively No.1 monomer electricity The single battery 20 of pond 19, two and No. three single batteries 21;There are three the bulk charging bindiny mechanism of battery connection module is total, and set These three bulk charging bindiny mechanisms are respectively that 12, No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms 13 of No.1 bulk charging bindiny mechanism and No. three bodies fill Electrical connection mechanism 14;Battery connection module further includes group power output interface 15, No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) 17, No. two hilted broadswords pair Throw switch 18 and single knife switch 16;The anode of No.1 single battery is connected in the turning end of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT), No.1 The No.1 contact of single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) is connected on the positive terminal of No.1 bulk charging bindiny mechanism, No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) No. two contacts be connected on No. two contacts of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s, the cathode of No.1 single battery is connected to No.1 body and fills In the negative terminals of electrical connection mechanism, the cathode of No.1 single battery is also connected to the negative terminals of group power output interface On;The anode of No. two single batteries is connected on the positive terminal of No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms, and No. two single batteries are just Pole is also connected on the positive terminal of group power output interface, and the cathode of No. two single batteries is connected to No. two bulk charging connections In the negative terminals of mechanism, the cathode of No. two single batteries is also connected on one end of single knife switch;No. three single batteries Cathode 24 is connected in the turning end of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s, and the No.1 contact of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s is connected to No. three bodies In the negative terminals of charging connection mechanism, the anode 23 of No. three single batteries is connected to the anode of No. three bulk charging bindiny mechanisms On terminals, the anode of No. three single batteries is also connected on the other end of single knife switch;The No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) The control terminal of control terminal, the control terminal of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s and single knife switch is connect with microcontroller respectively.
No. two contacts of the No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) and No. two contacts of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s are normally closed touching Point, in battery pack charging, No. two contacts of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) and No. two contacts of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s are in Off-state, No. two touchings of No. two contacts of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) and No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s when battery pack and do not charge Point is in closed state;The No.1 contact of the No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) and the No.1 contact of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s are equal For normally opened contact, the No.1 touching of the No.1 contact of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) and No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s in battery pack charging Point is in closed state, the No.1 contact of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) and No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s when battery pack and do not charge No.1 contact be in off-state;The single knife switch is in an off state when battery pack charges, and is not filled in battery pack Closed state is in when electric.
It is connected on the inner surface of the bumper bar E12 of electric car and is hit deformation detection mechanism E11, it is described to be hit deformation Testing agency and lease platform 50 communicate to connect.
Being hit deformation detection mechanism includes that connection is close in wireless module E1, memory E2, single-chip microcontroller E3 and one piece of outer surface Pasting board E18 on the inner surface of the bumper bar of electric car;The outer surface of pasting board is equipped with several plates groove E14, every It She You not left wall hole E13 and right wall hole E17 on left and right cell wall in a plate groove;It is respectively fixed in each left wall hole luminous Lamp E4 is respectively fixed with normally opened optoelectronic switch E5 in each right wall hole;Being hit deformation detection mechanism further includes and plate groove The equal slot address encoder E6 of number and the normal open switch E7 equal with electroluminescent lamp number, the normally opened one-to-one series connection of optoelectronic switch connect It connects on the power supply E8 circuit E9 of slot address encoder, the one-to-one circuit power supply E8 for being connected in series in electroluminescent lamp of normal open switch On E10;The memory, the control terminal of normal open switch, the address signal upload end of slot address encoder and wireless module difference It is connect with single-chip microcontroller, wireless module and lease platform are wirelessly connected.
It is equipped with light insulation pad E15 in plate groove, light hole E16 is equipped in light insulation pad, one end of light insulation pad is fixed on plate On the inner surface of bumper bar at groove notch.
The present embodiment is returned the car easy to use by electric car, and safety and reliability height of returning the car, intelligence degree is high, is filling Electric stake is flooded the incoming power that charging pile can be actively cut off when there be not, when returning the car will not short of electricity, when short of electricity, can be by user oneself Power generation is returned the car.
For the present embodiment when charging to battery pack, voltage checking chip can carry out voltage detecting to corresponding single battery. Charging current can be reduced by current limliting module when some single battery will be full of, it can when some single battery is not full of far also Increase charging current by current limliting module.To make voltage contained by single battery identical as far as possible.When each single battery is full of simultaneously And each single battery voltage it is identical when can disconnect charge power supply.Or when each single battery and underfill and each The voltage of single battery can also disconnect charge power supply when identical.After allowing single battery to be connected in this way, the single battery of series connection Between do not have electric current flowing, the high reliablity of battery.The charging current or charging voltage of each charger between each other may not be used It is identical.Different chargers can be selected to some single battery by switching switch.The cooperation energy of switching switch and current limliting module Preferably to need the single battery to charge to provide charging current and charging voltage in real time, consequently facilitating to each single battery Charging progress is individually controlled, and is also convenient for individually controlling the charging voltage of each single battery.Pass through dual power supply machine Structure makes the present embodiment have the function of dual power supply, substantially increases dependable with function.
The present embodiment can make the damage of single single battery will not influence other single battery chargings, and not be battery pack Mutually independent single battery each in battery pack can be sequentially connected in series when charging and become series-connected cell together, be electric The series-connected cell for being sequentially connected in series together in battery pack can be become mutually independent single battery when charging by pond group, to every The charging process of a single battery also can be carried out voltage detecting, and can the charging progress to each single battery individually controlled System, can also the charging voltage to each single battery individually controlled.And excess temperature guarantor can be carried out to single battery in charging Shield control.It is powered using dual power supply mechanism and realizes the uninterrupted power supply of electrical equipment.It is highly-safe, good reliability.
The battery connection module of the present embodiment can will be each mutually indepedent in battery pack when battery pack can be allowed to charge well Single battery be sequentially connected in series and become series-connected cell together, can will be sequentially connected in series in battery pack when for battery pack charging The series-connected cell to link together becomes mutually independent single battery, high reliablity.
The present embodiment, which can improve battery pack in use, can remain each mutually independent list in battery pack Body battery is sequentially connected in series becomes series-connected cell together, high reliablity.
Camera and microphone camera can facilitate the staff of lease platform to contact with user, and staff can pass through microphone Voice and camera acquisition image determine return the car people and also car state, convenient for return the car processing.
It returns the car to facilitate in charging station and be filled for electric car in electric automobile charging station in the place of returning the car of the present embodiment Electricity is also convenient for carrying out electric car unified centralized management.When returning the car, need user that vehicle is reached electric automobile charging station, Charging gun is inserted into the charging jacks of electric car by user, and platform is leased if it can normally return the car can be by normally returning the car Stake end access device allows client normally to be returned the car with vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car.It returns the car, rents if there is abnormal Rent platform can by it is abnormal go back knee and terminate allow client return the car extremely into device and vehicle end access device communication connection of returning the car. The system, which devises, normally returns the car and abnormal two sets of schemes of returning the car of returning the car, and allows the system to return the car easy to use, return the car safety and High reliablity, intelligence degree are high.
The present embodiment controls the flexible of Telescopic-cylinder bar by lease platform, is used to realize with when cannot not normally return the car Exception is returned the car, and the reliability, convenience and safety returned the car are substantially increased.When normally returning the car, the communication of knee end is normally gone back Conducting interface is connected with vehicle end communication conducting interface face signal of returning the car, and the lock tongue of No.1 electronic lock stretches out lock in No. five holes. When returning the car extremely, knee end communication conducting interface is gone back extremely and is connected with vehicle end communication conducting interface face signal of returning the car, No. two The lock tongue of electronic lock stretches out lock in No. five holes.Electric car is returned the car easy to use, safety and reliability height of returning the car, intelligent Degree is high.
After bumper bar is by collision deformation, the deformation of bumper bar will be detected by being hit deformation detection mechanism, be hit change The deformation information of bumper bar is just uploaded to lease platform by shape testing agency, and lease platform is the bumper bar that may know that corresponding vehicle By collision deformation.If bumper bar is impacted, the time of deformation occurs to rent within the period that user leases electric car The staff for unit of renting can determine whether that the bumper bar is related with user by the accident of collision deformation, and the work of leasing unit Make personnel also and can know which user plays bumper bar to this by the information of lease of user and is related by the accident of collision deformation. Fruit bumper bar be impacted deformation time do not occur user lease electric car period in, the staff of Ze Lin company It can determine whether that the bumper bar is unrelated with user by the accident of collision deformation.The staff of leasing unit is allowed to be easy to electricity in this way Electrical automobile is managed and safeguards.
Preparatory the slot address prestored information of slot address encoder and the information of normal open switch in memory.It is using When, single-chip microcontroller issues closure signal to normal open switch in setting time interval, and normal open switch is closed immediately, normal open switch closure The electric power loop of electroluminescent lamp is allowed to be connected afterwards, so that electroluminescent lamp be made to shine, the light of electroluminescent lamp will be irradiated to normally opened optoelectronic switch On, normally opened optoelectronic switch is closed immediately, allows the electric power loop of slot address encoder to be connected after normally opened optoelectronic switch closure, slot address Encoder is with by the slot address field data of oneself being uploaded to single-chip microcontroller.Single-chip microcontroller prestores the slot address stored in memory The slot address field data that information and slot address encoder upload is compared.If slot address field data and slot address prestore Information matches correspondence one by one, then illustrates that slot address field data number and slot address prestored information number are equal, illustrate bumper bar At this time not by collision deformation;If slot address field data and slot address prestored information cannot match correspondence one by one, say Flume address field data number and slot address prestored information number are unequal, illustrate bumper bar at this time by collision deformation.And Allow single-chip microcontroller that the slot address field data on not corresponding with the matching of slot address prestored information is uploaded to rent by wireless module It rents platform, lease platform can judge the bumper bar of corresponding electric car according to the slot address field data that single-chip microcontroller uploads Which position receives collision deformation.
When the bumper bar of plate groove is not affected by collision deformation, the light of electroluminescent lamp can be irradiated to normally opened across light hole On optoelectronic switch.When the bumper bar of plate groove is by collision deformation, light insulation pad can block the light of electroluminescent lamp, allow electroluminescent lamp Light will not be irradiated on normally opened optoelectronic switch.
Whether the bumper bar that the present embodiment lease platform can monitor electric car in real time is leased platform and is easy to pair by collision deformation The bumper bar of electric car carries out anticollision monitoring management.
Embodiments of the present invention are described above in conjunction with attached drawing, however, the implementation is not limited to the above embodiments, this field Those of ordinary skill can be with various changes and modifications may be made within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. the safe leasing system of electric car, the lease platform including electric car and the charging pile for electric car charging, It is characterized in that, further includes the waterproof power-off protection apparatus for preventing charging pile water inlet from charging pile being caused to burn out, in electric car body On charging jacks in be equipped with and return the car vehicle end access device;Be respectively equipped on the charging gun of charging pile provided for electric car it is different The normal exception returned the car and can match connection with vehicle end access device of returning the car goes back knee and terminates into device and provide just for electric car It often returns the car and can match the normal of connection with vehicle end access device of returning the car and go back knee and terminate into device;Normally knee is gone back to terminate into dress It the control terminal set and abnormal go back the control terminal that knee is terminated into device and is connect respectively with lease Platform communication;And when charging gun is inserted When entering in charging jacks, if it is normally returning the car, leasing platform can be terminated by normally going back knee into device and vehicle end of returning the car Access device communication connection is returned the car if it is abnormal, and leasing platform can be terminated by abnormal knee of going back into device and vehicle end of returning the car Access device communication connection;The entire car controller of electric car is connect with vehicle end access device of returning the car, the car door control of electric car Molding block is connected with entire car controller;It is connected on the inner surface of the bumper bar of electric car and is hit deformation detection mechanism, The deformation detection mechanism that hit is connect with lease Platform communication.
2. the safe leasing system of electric car according to claim 1, which is characterized in that charging gun includes inserting column, is being inserted Column bottom half-via is equipped on the lower end surface of column straight up, the cylinder of telescopic rod downwards is equipped in the half-via of column bottom, An end charging plug is fixed on the telescopic rod lower end surface of cylinder;It is equipped with straight up in the charging jacks of electric car straight Diameter is less than the strut of column bottom half-via diameter, and conductive connection can be matched with stake end charging plug by being fixed on the top of strut Vehicle end charging socket;The control terminal of cylinder is connect with lease platform.
3. the safe leasing system of electric car according to claim 2, which is characterized in that normally go back knee and terminate into device Including normally going back knee end communication conducting interface and No.1 electronic lock;It includes that exception goes back knee end that exception, which is gone back knee and terminated into device, Communication conducting interface and No. two electronic locks;Vehicle end access device of returning the car include can respectively with normally go back knee end communicate be connected interface With the abnormal vehicle end communication conducting interface of returning the car going back knee end communication conducting interface signal and connecting;On the lateral wall of inserting column under Up successively it is equipped at intervals with No.1 hole, No. three holes, No. four holes and No. six holes, and No. three holes are located at the surface in No.1 hole, six Number hole is located at the surface in No. four holes;In the charging jacks of electric car on vertical hole wall be equipped with No. two holes and No. five holes, five Number hole is located at the top in No. two holes;It normally goes back knee end communication conducting interface to be arranged in No.1 hole, vehicle end communication conducting of returning the car Interface is arranged in No. two holes, goes back knee end communication conducting interface extremely and is arranged in No. three holes, No.1 electronic lock is arranged four In number hole, No. two electronic locks are arranged in No. six holes;And the lock tongue of No.1 electronic lock when No.1 hole faces No. two holes No. five holes are faced, the lock tongue of No. two electronic locks also faces No. five holes when No. three holes face No. two holes;No.1 electronic lock Control terminal and No. two electronic locks control terminal respectively with lease platform connect.
4. the safe leasing system of electric car according to claim 3, which is characterized in that be equipped with hair manually on charging pile Motor is respectively equipped with battery pack, microcontroller made of being sequentially connected in series as several mutually independent single batteries in charging pile Device and battery connection module are additionally provided with charger equal with single battery number respectively, switching switch and limit in charging pile Flow module;The power input of each charger is connect with manual generator;Battery pack can be microcontroller, cylinder, one simultaneously Number electronic lock and No. two electronic locks provide backup power sources;Microcontroller is connect with lease platform;Battery connection module includes and list The equal bulk charging bindiny mechanism of body battery number;Bulk voltage detection chip is respectively equipped in each bulk charging bindiny mechanism; On one terminals at the one-to-one selection end for being connected to switching switch of the power output end of each charger;Each switching switch The one-to-one one end for being connected to current limliting module of turning end on, the other end of each current limliting module is one-to-one to be connected to battery connection In the bulk charging bindiny mechanism of module;Battery connection module connects on the battery pack, the control terminal of the battery connection module, every The control terminal of individual voltage checking chip, the control terminal of each current limliting module and each switching switch connects with microcontroller respectively It connects;And under the control of the micro-controller, when not be battery pack charging when, battery connection module can will in battery pack it is each mutually solely Vertical single battery is sequentially connected in series becomes series-connected cell together, and when for battery pack charging, battery connection module can be incited somebody to action The series-connected cell being sequentially connected in series in battery pack together becomes mutually independent single battery.
5. the safe leasing system of electric car according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the single battery for setting battery pack is total There are three, and setting these three single batteries is respectively No.1 single battery, No. two single batteries and No. three single batteries;Battery connects There are three the bulk charging bindiny mechanism of connection module is total, and setting these three bulk charging bindiny mechanisms is respectively No.1 bulk charging connection machine Structure, No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms and No. three bulk charging bindiny mechanisms;Battery connection module further includes a group power output interface, one Number single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT), No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s and single knife switch;It is double that the anode of No.1 single battery is connected to No.1 hilted broadsword In the turning end of throw switch, the No.1 contact of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) is connected to the positive terminal of No.1 bulk charging bindiny mechanism On end, No. two contacts of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT) are connected on No. two contacts of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s, No.1 monomer electricity The cathode in pond is connected in the negative terminals of No.1 bulk charging bindiny mechanism, and the cathode of No.1 single battery is also connected to a group electricity In the negative terminals of source output interface;The anode of No. two single batteries is connected to the positive terminal of No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms On end, the anode of No. two single batteries is also connected on the positive terminal of group power output interface, No. two single batteries it is negative Pole is connected in the negative terminals of No. two bulk charging bindiny mechanisms, and the cathode of No. two single batteries is also connected to single knife switch On one end;The cathode of No. three single batteries is connected in the turning end of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s, No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s No.1 contact is connected in the negative terminals of No. three bulk charging bindiny mechanisms, and the anode of No. three single batteries is connected to No. three bodies On the positive terminal of charging connection mechanism, the anode of No. three single batteries is also connected on the other end of single knife switch;It is described The control terminal of the control terminal of No.1 single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT), the control terminal of No. two single-pole double-throw switch (SPDT)s and single knife switch respectively with micro-control Device connection processed.
6. the safe leasing system of electric car according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the waterproof power-off protection apparatus Including stake into electric water-tight device, the stake into the No.1 pipe that electric water-tight device includes on the pedestal for being fixed on charging pile vertically, Vertical sliding is equipped with No.1 sliding shoe in the lumen of No.1 pipe, and being set in the No.1 pipe lumen below No.1 sliding shoe is No.1 pipe Lower lumen, is fixed with No.1 leading-in socket under No.1 pipe on the inner bottom surface of lumen, solid on the lower surface of No.1 sliding shoe Surely it is connected with and the matched No.1 plug of No.1 leading-in socket;The incoming seal waterproof of charging pile is connected to No.1 leading-in socket On, the supply lines of each electrical equipment is connected on No.1 plug in charging pile;No.1 is fixed on the outer tube wall of No.1 pipe Support rod, No.1 fixed pulley, No.1 horizontal bracket and No.1 buoyant spheres;And the upper end of No.1 support rod is higher than the upper of No.1 pipe Nozzle, No.1 fixed pulley are located at the lower section of No.1 horizontal bracket, and No.1 support rod is located at the top of No.1 horizontal bracket, and No.1 is floating Power ball, which is move freely, to be placed on No.1 horizontal bracket;Rotation is equipped with No.1 lever, a No.1 lifting rope on No.1 support rod Both ends be respectively fixedly connected on one end of No.1 lever and the upper surface of No.1 sliding shoe on, the both ends of a No.1 drawstring Be respectively fixedly connected on the other end of No.1 lever and No.1 buoyant spheres on, and No.1 drawstring and No.1 fixed pulley roll and connect It connects;And when the upward buoyancy of No.1 buoyant spheres is greater than the set value, No.1 lifting rope stretchy No.1 sliding shoe is moved up, from And separate No.1 plug with No.1 leading-in socket;Bottom film chamber and upper membrane cavity are fixed with No.1 pipe down tube is intracavitary, one is in The thorn head for standing upside down T-shaped is fixedly connected on No.1 sliding shoe, and the tartar end of thorn head is located at below bottom film chamber;In upper film In chamber be equipped with AB glue water this glue, in bottom film chamber be equipped with AB glue water curing agent, and this glue mixed with curing agent after energy it is close Envelope, which is connected on the jack face of No.1 leading-in socket, seals up the jack of No.1 leading-in socket.
7. the safe leasing system of electric car according to claim 1, which is characterized in that being hit deformation detection mechanism includes The pasting board on the inner surface for the bumper bar for being connected to electric car is close in wireless module, memory, single-chip microcontroller and one piece of outer surface; The outer surface of pasting board is equipped with several plate grooves, She You not left wall hole and right wall on the left and right cell wall in each plate groove Hole;It is respectively fixed with electroluminescent lamp in each left wall hole, is respectively fixed with normally opened optoelectronic switch in each right wall hole;Hit change Shape testing agency further includes the slot address encoder equal with plate groove number and the normal open switch equal with electroluminescent lamp number, often On the one-to-one electric power loop for being connected in series in slot address encoder of the electric switch that opens the light, normal open switch is one-to-one to be connected in series in hair On the electric power loop of light lamp;The memory, the control terminal of normal open switch, the address signal upload end of slot address encoder and nothing Wire module is connect with single-chip microcontroller respectively, and wireless module and lease platform are wirelessly connected.
CN201710472223.1A 2017-06-20 2017-06-20 Electric automobile safety lease system Active CN109102640B (en)

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CN2364086Y (en) * 1998-05-06 2000-02-16 袁德生 Full-automatic controller for water tower
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