CN105926935A - Integral column formwork based on 3d printing and used for concrete pouring and column pouring method - Google Patents

Integral column formwork based on 3d printing and used for concrete pouring and column pouring method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105926935A
CN105926935A CN201610334984.6A CN201610334984A CN105926935A CN 105926935 A CN105926935 A CN 105926935A CN 201610334984 A CN201610334984 A CN 201610334984A CN 105926935 A CN105926935 A CN 105926935A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
concrete
formwork
template
integral
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610334984.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张爱晖
王海龙
孙晓燕
Original Assignee
浙江大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 浙江大学 filed Critical 浙江大学
Priority to CN201610334984.6A priority Critical patent/CN105926935A/en
Publication of CN105926935A publication Critical patent/CN105926935A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G13/00Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills
    • E04G13/02Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills for columns or like pillars; Special tying or clamping means therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/02Conveying or working-up concrete or similar masses able to be heaped or cast

Abstract

The invention discloses an integral column formwork based on 3d printing and used for concrete pouring. The integral column formwork is of a tubular structure formed through 3d printing and is composed of pipe walls and reinforcing ribs. The invention further discloses a column pouring method. The column pouring method comprises the steps that a column reinforcement cage is bound; the integral column formwork is arranged on the periphery of the column reinforcement cage; and after the integral column formwork is fixed properly, concrete is poured into the integral column formwork, and the poured concrete, the reinforcement cage and the integral formwork are combined into a whole to form a reinforced concrete column. Cement-based mortar is adopted by the column formwork, the column formwork is formed through 3d printing, wood materials are saved, and environment protection is facilitated. Processing and on-site installation processes of wooden formworks are omitted, and the procedures of dismounting and cleaning the formworks are omitted. The column poured through the integral formwork is good in integrity, firm, reliable, low in cost, convenient and easy to construct, and high in construction speed.

Description

Concrete cast integration post template and the pillar casting method printed based on 3d
Technical field
The present invention relates to building engineering construction field, be particularly used for casting reinforced concrete pillar Integrated template and apply the pillar casting method of this integrated template.
Background technology
Pillar in architectural engineering at present typically uses wooden form, wooden form when pouring into a mould concrete Consume a large amount of timber, the most unfavorable to environment, and wooden form construction time expend man-hour, be building One of link that in engineering, cost is the highest.
Also there are employing metal or other materials template, the most existing one adjustable pillar punching block.By The column that some pieces of template splicings are formed;Described template edge is provided with mutually spells between template The flange connect;Described template is plane template, and some pieces of plane templates are spliced to form cross section successively and are The column of square.
The mold method separately having a kind of concrete post discloses the mold method of a kind of concrete post, Enclosing including post template, splice, the step such as framed reinforcing, post template encloses framed, corner The slice mould wood in triangular shape is close at formwork edge joint in inner side, and pillar framed outside steel enclose Gu.
But template of the prior art typically also needs to dismantle after having poured, and reduces further Efficiency of construction.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention be to provide a kind of safe and reliable, easy construction easily, construction Speed is fast, the integrated column template of low cost.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of concrete cast integration post template printed based on 3d, prints for 3d and is processed into Integrated tubular structure.
The present invention uses 3d printing technique to form an integrated tubular form, by this tubular form Entangle the reinforcing steel bar cage of pillar, in tubular form, pour into a mould concrete, the concrete of cast and tubular mold Plate forms the reinforced concrete column of integration.
As preferably, in order to improve the intensity of integration post template, described integration tubular structure bag Include tube wall and the ribs being distributed on tube wall.
As optional technical scheme, described ribs is positioned at inside tube wall and/or outside tube wall.Consider To transport and easy construction, further preferred described ribs is positioned at inside tube wall.
Strict restriction is not done in the transverse section of described integration tubular structure, as preferably, and described one The transverse section changing tubular structure is circular, oval or polygon.Concrete shape can be according to pillar Design outline carry out 3d printing shaping.
As common and preferred a kind of form, the transverse section of described integration tubular structure is rectangle.
In the present invention, the material of described integration post template is metal, plastics or concrete.Also may be used To use 3d to print other materials of acceptable as required.
As further preferably, described concrete is formed by cement-based mortar knot is rear.Cement-based mortar Existing many formula can be used, it is emphasized that pillar is all coagulation with integrated post template More can highlight the advantage of the present invention during soil material, the operation of template dismounting can be saved after having poured, Pillar, is integrally forming after solidification owing to being all concrete material with integrated post template, and intensity is the most outstanding For ideal.
As preferably, described ribs is annular, circumferentially distributed along tube wall.The ribs of this kind of structure Intensity can be greatly improved, but according to other conventional arts, need core_pulling demoulding to prepare, this Bright employing 3d prints and can process easily.
As preferably, described annular is continuous distribution or Disjunct distribution.Between for same ribs The mechanical compatibility between the concrete of pillar can be improved and pour during disconnected distribution further.
The present invention also provides for a kind of pillar casting method, including colligation pillar steel reinforcement cage, at pillar reinforcing bar The periphery of cage arranges template, then pours in template, described template be the present invention based on 3d The concrete cast integration post template printed.
The present invention has an advantage that
1, the post template of the present invention use cement-based material or metallic material by 3d printing shaping, Save timber, be conducive to protecting environment.
2, the post template of the present invention eliminates processing and the field-mounted process of wooden model, saves man-hour, Improve efficiency of construction.
3, the post template of the present invention and the pillar of cast form entirety, eliminate form removal, clearly The operation of mold cleaning plate.The pillar using this integrated template to pour into a mould have good integrity, solid and reliable, The advantage of low cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the integrated column template schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the integrated column template vertical section schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the integrated column template schematic cross section of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the pillar steel reinforcement cage schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.
Marginal data: 1, pillar steel reinforcement cage;11, pillar longitudinal reinforcement;12, pillar stirrup;2、 Integration post template;21, tube wall;22, ribs.
Detailed description of the invention
As it is shown in figure 1, the tubulose knot that the integrated post template 2 of the present embodiment prints for 3d Structure, its vertical section as in figure 2 it is shown, its cross section as shown in Figure 3.The tubular structure of printing shaping by Tube wall 21 and ribs 22 form.
In the present embodiment, ribs 22 is arranged on inside tube wall 21, and ribs 22 is continuous distribution Annular, around tube wall 21 inner circumferential arrange, ribs 22 is multiple tracks on the whole, along tube wall 21 Axially arrange successively.As another embodiment, ribs screw arrangement.
Ribs 22 can also the outside of tube wall 21 or simultaneously inside and outside ribs is set, as Fruit uses bigger wall thickness, it is also possible to need not ribs.
The thickness of tube wall 21 can be uniformly distributed, as optimize mode, the thickness of tube wall 21 under The most thinning to upper (referring to the direction of use state).
In the present embodiment, the printed material of integration post template 2 is cement-based mortar, cement based sand After slurry knot is hard, tubular structure has certain rigidity and intensity, has more compatibility with the material of pillar, and one The printed material of body post template can also be beaten for other applicable 3d such as metallic material or plastics The material of print.
The transverse section of the tubular structure of printing shaping can be rectangle, circle or polygon.This enforcement Example uses rectangle, the integrated post template of printing shaping can be arranged as required to various for installing And transport hole or built-in fitting.
During construction, first tie up the pillar steel reinforcement cage 1 shown in Fig. 4, specifically include pillar longitudinal reinforcement 11 And pillar stirrup 12 the most thereon, before cast concrete, the integrated post that 3d is printed Subtemplate entangles pillar steel reinforcement cage 1, after suitably fixing for integration post template 2, to tubular structure Interior injection concrete, the concrete of injection is incorporated into pillar steel reinforcement cage 1 and integrated post template 2 It is integrally formed reinforced concrete column, stripper when so the pillar of construction does not has traditional pillar to construct Sequence.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention is not limited in Above-mentioned embodiment, every technical scheme belonging to the principle of the invention belongs to protection scope of the present invention. For a person skilled in the art, carry out on the premise of without departing from the principle of the present invention is some Improvement should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the concrete cast integration post template printed based on 3d, it is characterised in that The integrated tubular structure being processed into is printed for 3d.
2. the concrete cast integration post template printed based on 3d as claimed in claim 1, It is characterized in that, described integration tubular structure includes tube wall and the ribs being distributed on tube wall.
3. the concrete cast integration post template printed based on 3d as claimed in claim 2, It is characterized in that, described ribs is positioned at inside tube wall and/or outside tube wall.
4. the concrete cast integration post template printed based on 3d as claimed in claim 1, It is characterized in that, the transverse section of described integration tubular structure is circular, oval or polygon.
5. the concrete cast integration post template printed based on 3d as claimed in claim 4, It is characterized in that, the transverse section of described integration tubular structure is rectangle.
6. the concrete cast integration post template printed based on 3d as claimed in claim 1, It is characterized in that, the material of described integration post template is metal, plastics or concrete.
7. the concrete cast integration post template printed based on 3d as claimed in claim 6, It is characterized in that, described concrete is formed by cement-based mortar knot is rear.
8. the concrete cast integration post template printed based on 3d as claimed in claim 2, It is characterized in that, described ribs is annular, circumferentially distributed along tube wall.
9. the concrete cast integration post template printed based on 3d as claimed in claim 2, It is characterized in that, described annular is continuous distribution or Disjunct distribution.
10. a pillar casting method, including colligation pillar steel reinforcement cage, in the periphery of pillar steel reinforcement cage Template is set, then pours in template, it is characterised in that described template is claim 1~9 The concrete cast integration post template printed based on 3d described in any one claim.
CN201610334984.6A 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 Integral column formwork based on 3d printing and used for concrete pouring and column pouring method CN105926935A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610334984.6A CN105926935A (en) 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 Integral column formwork based on 3d printing and used for concrete pouring and column pouring method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610334984.6A CN105926935A (en) 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 Integral column formwork based on 3d printing and used for concrete pouring and column pouring method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105926935A true CN105926935A (en) 2016-09-07

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106914969A (en) * 2017-02-07 2017-07-04 北京交通大学 A kind of 3D printing method of concrete component
CN107034917A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-08-11 都书鹏 City piping lane construction concrete prints casting craft without mould
CN107035149A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-08-11 都书鹏 Without mould 3D printing casting concrete technique and application
CN107963839A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-04-27 芜湖天梦信息科技有限公司 A kind of 3D concrete printing raw material and its technique
WO2018107234A1 (en) * 2016-12-14 2018-06-21 Starpartner Pty Ltd Permanent formwork member for a column or beam support member
CN109129818A (en) * 2018-09-06 2019-01-04 浙江大学 A kind of method of construction and composite beam of the composite beam of 3D printing braiding integrated molding
CN111233407A (en) * 2020-03-12 2020-06-05 河北工业大学 3D printing solid waste concrete component and preparation method thereof
WO2020126913A1 (en) 2018-12-17 2020-06-25 Basf Se Formwork system, comprising a form lining, on the rear side of which at least one molding element is attached

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1936038A1 (en) * 2006-12-19 2008-06-25 Edilpiu' S.n.c. Non-retrievable formwork
CN203769310U (en) * 2014-02-25 2014-08-13 绍兴县明煌建材科技有限公司 Steel column mould
WO2014127401A1 (en) * 2013-02-19 2014-08-28 Monash University Load bearing structures
CN104120788A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-10-29 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Reinforced concrete structure based on 3D printing and structure construction method
CN104328910A (en) * 2014-09-15 2015-02-04 马义和 3D (Three-Dimensional) printing detachment-free beam column template

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1936038A1 (en) * 2006-12-19 2008-06-25 Edilpiu' S.n.c. Non-retrievable formwork
WO2014127401A1 (en) * 2013-02-19 2014-08-28 Monash University Load bearing structures
CN203769310U (en) * 2014-02-25 2014-08-13 绍兴县明煌建材科技有限公司 Steel column mould
CN104120788A (en) * 2014-07-18 2014-10-29 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Reinforced concrete structure based on 3D printing and structure construction method
CN104328910A (en) * 2014-09-15 2015-02-04 马义和 3D (Three-Dimensional) printing detachment-free beam column template

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018107234A1 (en) * 2016-12-14 2018-06-21 Starpartner Pty Ltd Permanent formwork member for a column or beam support member
CN106914969A (en) * 2017-02-07 2017-07-04 北京交通大学 A kind of 3D printing method of concrete component
CN107034917A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-08-11 都书鹏 City piping lane construction concrete prints casting craft without mould
CN107035149A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-08-11 都书鹏 Without mould 3D printing casting concrete technique and application
CN107963839A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-04-27 芜湖天梦信息科技有限公司 A kind of 3D concrete printing raw material and its technique
CN109129818A (en) * 2018-09-06 2019-01-04 浙江大学 A kind of method of construction and composite beam of the composite beam of 3D printing braiding integrated molding
WO2020126913A1 (en) 2018-12-17 2020-06-25 Basf Se Formwork system, comprising a form lining, on the rear side of which at least one molding element is attached
CN111233407A (en) * 2020-03-12 2020-06-05 河北工业大学 3D printing solid waste concrete component and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20160907

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