CN105918708A - Composite formula feed for breeding crayfish - Google Patents

Composite formula feed for breeding crayfish Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105918708A
CN105918708A CN201610301738.0A CN201610301738A CN105918708A CN 105918708 A CN105918708 A CN 105918708A CN 201610301738 A CN201610301738 A CN 201610301738A CN 105918708 A CN105918708 A CN 105918708A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
crayfish
powder
composite
formula feed
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201610301738.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许月进
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201610301738.0A priority Critical patent/CN105918708A/en
Publication of CN105918708A publication Critical patent/CN105918708A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

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  • Fodder In General (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a composite formula feed for breeding crayfish. The composite formula feed is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 15-20 parts of bean cake scraps, 10-15 parts of millet, 5-8 parts of starch, 10-13 parts of fly larva powder, 8-10 parts of bran, 5-8 parts of distillers' grains, 3-5 parts of soybean oil, 3-5 parts of maltose, 1-3 parts of a composite adhesive and 0.2-0.5 part of sodium chloride, wherein the starch is formed by mixing pea meal, yam powder and soybean flour in the weight ratio of the pea meal to the yam powder to the soybean flour being 1 to 2 to 1; the composite adhesive is formed by mixing algae colloid and dextrin. According to the composite formula feed disclosed by the invention, varied components are effectively mixed, the components are reasonable in formula, the raw material sources are sufficient, and the raw material components are rich in nutrition, so that the resource utilization rate is greatly increased, and besides, the survival rate and the weight gain rate of the crayfish are remarkably increased; high economic returns are brought for breeding households of the crayfish.

Description

A kind of compound prescription feedstuff for Procambarus clarkii cultivation
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of compound prescription feedstuff, more precisely, be a kind of compound prescription for Procambarus clarkii cultivation Feedstuff.
Background technology
Procambarus clarkii is also referred to as Procambrus clarkii, red crayfish and freshwater crayfish.Likeness in form shrimp and carapace is hard.Adult is about 5.6 ~ 11.9 centimetres, kermesinus, the nearly black of carapace part, abdominal part is backed with a wedge shape striped.Juvenile prawn body is uniform Lycoperdon polymorphum Vitt, sometimes has Black ripple, chela is long and narrow.Do not separated by areola in the middle part of carapace, carapace substantially has granule.Volume sword tool gemmule or volume sword End tool indentation.It is economic freshwater shrimps, because meat flavour deliciousness is the most popular to people.Because of its omnivorousness, fast growth, adaptation energy Power is strong and forms absolute competitive advantage in local environment.Its scope of ingesting includes pasture and water, algae, aquatic insect, moves Thing corpse etc., food deficient scarce time also kill each other.Procambarus clarkii has become as Important Economic breed variety in China in recent years.Business Industry breeding process should be strictly on guard against escape, be especially strictly on guard against and escape into unfrequented ecosystem water body.It is competing to local species ecology Strive advantage and cause destructive harm.
Be currently used for Procambarus clarkii cultivation formula forage kind more, but in feeding process the survival rate of Procambarus clarkii and Rate of body weight gain is the highest, contributes little to the income of raiser.
Summary of the invention
The present invention mainly solves the technical problem existing for prior art, thus provides a kind of survival rate and rate of body weight gain relatively The high compound prescription feedstuff for Procambarus clarkii cultivation.
The above-mentioned technical problem of the present invention is mainly addressed by following technical proposals:
A kind of compound prescription feedstuff for Procambarus clarkii cultivation, comprises the raw material of following weight portion:
Soybean cake bits 15-20 part
Semen setariae 10-15 part
Starch 5-8 part
Fly maggot powder 10-13 part
Wheat bran 8-10 part
Distiller grains 5-8 part
Soybean oil 3-5 part
Maltose 3-5 part
Compounding binding agent 1-3 part
Sodium chloride 0.2-0.5 part
As preferred embodiment of the present invention, described starch is mixed by the weight ratio of 1:2:1 by peameal, Rhizoma Dioscoreae powder, Semen sojae atricolor powder Conjunction forms.
As preferred embodiment of the present invention, described compounding binding agent is mixed by alginate jelly and dextrin.
Various ingredients is effectively mixed by the present invention, various reasonable component formula, sufficient raw, raw material components nutrition Abundant, substantially increase resource utilization rate, significantly improve survival rate and the rate of body weight gain of Procambarus clarkii simultaneously, support for Procambarus clarkii Grow family and bring higher income.
Detailed description of the invention
It is described in detail below in conjunction with the preferred embodiments of the present invention, so that advantages and features of the invention can be easier to It is readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus protection scope of the present invention is made apparent clear and definite defining.
1, prepared by feedstuff
Raw material (KG) Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3
Soybean cake is considered to be worth doing 15 20 18
Semen setariae 10 15 12
Peameal 1.25 2 1.5
Rhizoma Dioscoreae powder 2.5 4 3
Semen sojae atricolor powder 1.25 2 1.5
Fly maggot powder 10 13 12
Wheat bran 8 10 9
Distiller grains 5 8 7
Soybean oil 3 5 4
Maltose 3 5 4
Compounding binding agent 1 3 2
Sodium chloride 0.2 0.5 0.4
Particulate material is made according to conventional process standby after the material mixing of the various embodiments described above Central Plains.Take two parts of commercially available Procambarus clarkii formula Feedstuff is as a comparison case.
2, contrast test
Selecting Procambarus clarkii Seedling 500, use comparative example feedstuff to tame, the domestication time is 12 days, adapts to completely Procambarus clarkii Breeding environment, ingests active and does not has entrance formal test in the case of unexpected death.It is randomly divided into 5 groups, feeds enforcement respectively Example 1-3 and the DIFFERENT FEED of 2 comparative examples.Test site is carried out in cultivation base, Jiangyan City of Jiangsu Province, test period 120 My god.
Comparative test result is as shown in the table:
Distinguish Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Comparative example 1 Comparative example 2
Feed coefficient (%) 1.57 1.55 1.58 1.67 1.66
Survival rate (%) 97.4 95.2 96.3 87.6 85.8
Specific growth rate (%/sky) 2.52 2.48 2.49 2.31 2.33
Result of the test shows: Procambarus clarkii of the present invention cultivation compound prescription feedstuff can be greatly improved survival rate and the increasing kind of Procambarus clarkii Rate.
Various ingredients is effectively mixed by the present invention, various reasonable component formula, sufficient raw, raw material components nutrition Abundant, substantially increase resource utilization rate, significantly improve survival rate and the rate of body weight gain of Procambarus clarkii simultaneously, support for Procambarus clarkii Grow family and bring higher income
The mentality of designing of the present invention is below only described with 3 embodiments, and in the case of system allows, the present invention is permissible Expand to the most external more functional module, thus extend its function to greatest extent.
The above, the only detailed description of the invention of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any The change expected without creative work or replacement, all should contain within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, the present invention Protection domain should be as the criterion with the protection domain that claims are limited.

Claims (3)

1. the compound prescription feedstuff for Procambarus clarkii cultivation, it is characterised in that comprise the raw material of following weight portion:
Soybean cake bits 15-20 part
Semen setariae 10-15 part
Starch 5-8 part
Fly maggot powder 10-13 part
Wheat bran 8-10 part
Distiller grains 5-8 part
Soybean oil 3-5 part
Maltose 3-5 part
Compounding binding agent 1-3 part
Sodium chloride 0.2-0.5 part.
The most according to claim 1 for Procambarus clarkii cultivation compound prescription feedstuff, it is characterised in that described starch by Peameal, Rhizoma Dioscoreae powder, Semen sojae atricolor powder are mixed by the weight ratio of 1:2:1.
Compound prescription feedstuff for Procambarus clarkii cultivation the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described is compounding viscous Mixture is mixed by alginate jelly and dextrin.
CN201610301738.0A 2016-05-09 2016-05-09 Composite formula feed for breeding crayfish Pending CN105918708A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610301738.0A CN105918708A (en) 2016-05-09 2016-05-09 Composite formula feed for breeding crayfish

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610301738.0A CN105918708A (en) 2016-05-09 2016-05-09 Composite formula feed for breeding crayfish

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105918708A true CN105918708A (en) 2016-09-07

Family

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201610301738.0A Pending CN105918708A (en) 2016-05-09 2016-05-09 Composite formula feed for breeding crayfish

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105918708A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107874024A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-04-06 明光市永言水产(集团)有限公司 A kind of lobster breeding period special feed and preparation method thereof
CN111317075A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-06-23 盐城工学院 Crayfish feed and preparation method and application thereof
CN112956609A (en) * 2021-04-05 2021-06-15 安徽硒谷生物科技有限公司 Selenium-rich crayfish organic nutrient and preparation method thereof

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102987133A (en) * 2012-10-12 2013-03-27 淮安正昌饲料有限公司 Pellet feed for young crayfish
CN103340355A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-10-09 句容市欢欢龙虾专业合作社 Freshwater crayfish juvenile feed
CN103385353A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-11-13 中山大学 Penaeus vannamei compound feed special for high salinity cultivation and preparation method of compound feed
CN104171583A (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-12-03 句容市福源水产品养殖场 Feed for chicken lobster and preparation method of feed
CN105010883A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-11-04 通威股份有限公司 Australia crayfish breeding expanded sunken cooperation fodder and production process thereof
CN105104896A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-02 全椒县花溪湖特种水产合作社 Honeybee pupae mixed feeding stuffs for lobsters
CN105309835A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-02-10 全椒县赤镇龙虾经济专业合作社 Waxberry slag feed for promoting growth of lobsters and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102987133A (en) * 2012-10-12 2013-03-27 淮安正昌饲料有限公司 Pellet feed for young crayfish
CN103340355A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-10-09 句容市欢欢龙虾专业合作社 Freshwater crayfish juvenile feed
CN103385353A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-11-13 中山大学 Penaeus vannamei compound feed special for high salinity cultivation and preparation method of compound feed
CN104171583A (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-12-03 句容市福源水产品养殖场 Feed for chicken lobster and preparation method of feed
CN105010883A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-11-04 通威股份有限公司 Australia crayfish breeding expanded sunken cooperation fodder and production process thereof
CN105104896A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-02 全椒县花溪湖特种水产合作社 Honeybee pupae mixed feeding stuffs for lobsters
CN105309835A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-02-10 全椒县赤镇龙虾经济专业合作社 Waxberry slag feed for promoting growth of lobsters and preparation method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
郝瑞荣等: "《水产动物养殖》", 30 September 2006, 中国社会出版社 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107874024A (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-04-06 明光市永言水产(集团)有限公司 A kind of lobster breeding period special feed and preparation method thereof
CN111317075A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-06-23 盐城工学院 Crayfish feed and preparation method and application thereof
CN112956609A (en) * 2021-04-05 2021-06-15 安徽硒谷生物科技有限公司 Selenium-rich crayfish organic nutrient and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20160907