CN105888176A - 一种防火保温装饰一体板 - Google Patents

一种防火保温装饰一体板 Download PDF

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CN105888176A
CN105888176A CN201610307956.5A CN201610307956A CN105888176A CN 105888176 A CN105888176 A CN 105888176A CN 201610307956 A CN201610307956 A CN 201610307956A CN 105888176 A CN105888176 A CN 105888176A
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张勇
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0875Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements having a basic insulating layer and at least one covering layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/06Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/40Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin comprising polyurethanes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B3/00Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form
    • B32B3/02Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by features of form at particular places, e.g. in edge regions
    • B32B3/08Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by features of form at particular places, e.g. in edge regions characterised by added members at particular parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B3/00Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form
    • B32B3/26Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by a particular shape of the outline of the cross-section of a continuous layer; characterised by a layer with cavities or internal voids ; characterised by an apertured layer
    • B32B3/266Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by a particular shape of the outline of the cross-section of a continuous layer; characterised by a layer with cavities or internal voids ; characterised by an apertured layer characterised by an apertured layer, the apertures going through the whole thickness of the layer, e.g. expanded metal, perforated layer, slit layer regular cells B32B3/12
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/005Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising one layer of ceramic material, e.g. porcelain, ceramic tile
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0801Separate fastening elements
    • E04F13/0803Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements
    • E04F13/081Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements with additional fastening elements between furring elements and covering elements
    • E04F13/0812Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements with additional fastening elements between furring elements and covering elements fixed by means of spring action
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/14Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements stone or stone-like materials, e.g. ceramics concrete; of glass or with an outer layer of stone or stone-like materials or glass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/30Properties of the layers or laminate having particular thermal properties
    • B32B2307/302Conductive
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/30Properties of the layers or laminate having particular thermal properties
    • B32B2307/304Insulating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/30Properties of the layers or laminate having particular thermal properties
    • B32B2307/306Resistant to heat
    • B32B2307/3065Flame resistant or retardant, fire resistant or retardant
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2290/00Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for
    • E04F2290/04Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire
    • E04F2290/045Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against fire
    • E04F2290/047Specially adapted covering, lining or flooring elements not otherwise provided for for insulation or surface protection, e.g. against noise, impact or fire against fire with a bottom layer for fire insulation

Abstract

一种防火保温装饰一体板属于外墙防火装饰材料领域。其特征在于包括保温装饰板,所述保温装饰板为表、中、内三层叠加粘合的三层结构体;所述表层为陶瓷薄板或石材薄板;所述中层为聚氨酯保温层;相邻保温装饰板之间设置通风防火隔离条;还包括通风条孔,所述通风条孔贯穿保温装饰板和通风防火隔离条;所述通风防火隔离条为铝制材质,在通风防火隔离条中设置内腔体,内腔体内填充防火材料。本装置既能有效通风散热,又能在发生火灾时防止火势蔓延。通过三层板材的有机结合,既方便安装施工,又能起到隔音隔热的作用。此外,本发明能够令三层结构体牢固的安装在建筑物外墙上,防止老化剥落等危险事故的发生。

Description

一种防火保温装饰一体板
技术领域
[0001 ]本发明属于外墙防火装饰材料领域,具体涉及一种装饰材料板。
背景技术
[0002]传统建筑物外墙体的装饰材料板之间设置防火隔离条,以防止火灾发生时,火势通过外墙不断蔓延。但是这种结构存在的问题在于各装饰材料板之间不相连,阻碍了建筑物外墙体的散热能力,导致建筑物受到光照部位较强的顶部热量,无法通过自身向四周和下方传导,影响建筑物顶层的居住区域的环境温度,严重时,还会影响楼体的使用寿命。
[0003 ]鉴于此,申请人设计了本发明,能够解决上述问题。
发明内容
[0004]为解决上述技术问题中的不足,本发明的目的在于:提供一种防火保温装饰一体板,既能有效通风散热,又能在发生火灾时防止火势蔓延。本发明要解决的第二个技术问题是通过三层板材的有机结合,既方便安装施工,又能起到隔音隔热的作用。此外,本发明要解决的第三个技术问题是能够令三层结构体牢固的安装在建筑物外墙上,防止老化剥落等危险事故的发生。
[0005]本发明为解决其技术问题采用的技术方案是:提供一种防火保温装饰一体板,其特征在于包括保温装饰板,所述保温装饰板为表、中、内三层叠加粘合的三层结构体;所述表层为陶瓷薄板或石材薄板;所述中层为聚氨酯保温层;相邻保温装饰板之间设置通风防火隔离条;还包括通风条孔,所述通风条孔贯穿保温装饰板和通风防火隔离条;所述通风防火隔离条为铝制材质,在通风防火隔离条中设置内腔体,内腔体内填充防火材料。
[0006]优选的,还包括墙体固定挂件,所述墙体固定挂件的横截面呈“Z”形,墙体固定挂件的上端设置连接紧固件,下端开设固定锚装孔;连接紧固件将墙体固定挂件与中层连接固定在一起。
[0007]优选的,在固定锚装孔的内壁上设置内螺纹;所述定位孔内还设置有倒刺卡爪;所述紧固装置包括紧固螺栓,沿紧固螺栓外螺纹柱的母线方向设置一根以上的条形卡槽;当紧固螺栓正向旋入固定锚装孔中时,倒刺卡爪不阻碍紧固螺栓的转动;当紧固螺栓在固定锚装孔中预进行反向旋转时,倒刺卡爪插入条形卡槽中,阻碍固定螺栓的脱出。
[0008]优选的,在中层上开设插接孔,所述连接紧固件包括弹块、滑动伸缩杆和压紧弹簧,所述弹块通过滑动伸缩杆连接墙体固定挂件;压紧弹簧的一端连接墙体固定挂件,另一端连接弹块;所述弹块插入插接孔中。
[0009]优选的,弹块和中层的接触面上均开设相互啮合的锯齿。
[0010]优选的,在表层和中层之间,以及中层和内层之间分别设置注胶层,还包括套钩连接件,所述套钩连接件包括两个“T”形钩体,所述钩体包括一个连接柱,连接柱的一端设置卡爪,另一端设置套环,两个连接柱通过套环套装在一起;卡爪设置在注胶层中;所述卡爪呈弧形或倒钩形。
[0011]优选的,注胶层的厚度不大于0.1mm。
[0012]优选的,所述内层为硅酸钙板。
[0013]与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果是:
1、本发明结构新颖,安装便捷安全,通风条孔贯穿保温装饰板和通风防火隔离条,方便各结构体之间的热量流通和通风散热,令建筑物整体温度趋于均恒,顶层居住环境大为改善。一旦发生火灾,一般火焰温度在800-1000摄氏度,而铝材的融化温度仅为600摄氏度,通风防火隔离条此时处于熔融态,进而封闭了设置在通风防火隔离条上的通风条孔,起到阻燃防火的作用。火灾过后,只需更换事故区域的板材和通风防火隔离条即可。
[0014] 2、通过将墙体固定挂件的弹块插入中层插接孔中,将墙体固定挂件和中层牢固固定在一起,再通过墙体固定挂件的固定锚装孔和紧固螺栓将三层结构体安装在外墙上,紧固螺栓和外壳采用倒刺卡爪式防脱出设计,能够保证板材在外墙上的安装紧实度,防止使用一段时间后,外墙板材剥离脱落的状况,增加了使用安全度。
[0015] 3、发明人还设计了套钩连接件,套钩连接件将上、下注胶层紧固在中层即岩棉层上,从而进一步带动表层和内层相对于中层成为一个牢固的整体。该设计在防止产品脱落方面效果明显,极大的提高了产品使用的安全性和可靠性。
附图说明
[0016]图1为本发明的结构示意图;
图2是保温装饰板的结构示意图;
图3是图2的A部局部放大图;
图4是墙体固定挂件的固定锚装孔、紧固螺栓以及外墙的连接结构示意图;
图中标记:1、保温装饰板;2、通风条孔;3、通风防火隔离条;4、固定锚装孔;5、固定挂件;6、连接紧固件;7、表层;8、中层;9、内层;10、卡爪;11、连接柱;12、套环;13、压紧弹簧;
14、滑动伸缩杆;15、弹块;16、紧固螺栓;17、条形卡槽;18、倒刺卡爪。
具体实施方式
[0017]下面结合附图与具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细描述。
[0018]如图1和2所示,本发明所述防火保温装饰一体板,包括保温装饰板,所述保温装饰板为表、中、内三层叠加粘合的三层结构体;所述表层为陶瓷薄板或石材薄板;所述中层为聚氨酯保温层;相邻保温装饰板之间设置通风防火隔离条;还包括通风条孔,所述通风条孔贯穿保温装饰板和通风防火隔离条;所述通风防火隔离条为铝制材质,在通风防火隔离条中设置内腔体,内腔体内填充防火材料。
[0019]如图2和3所示,还包括墙体固定挂件,所述墙体固定挂件的横截面呈“Z”形,墙体固定挂件的上端设置连接紧固件,下端开设固定锚装孔;连接紧固件将墙体固定挂件与中层连接固定在一起。
[0020]如图4所示,在固定锚装孔的内壁上设置内螺纹;所述定位孔内还设置有倒刺卡爪;所述紧固装置包括紧固螺栓,沿紧固螺栓外螺纹柱的母线方向设置一根以上的条形卡槽;当紧固螺栓正向旋入固定锚装孔中时,倒刺卡爪不阻碍紧固螺栓的转动;当紧固螺栓在固定锚装孔中预进行反向旋转时,倒刺卡爪插入条形卡槽中,阻碍固定螺栓的脱出。
[0021]在中层上开设插接孔,所述连接紧固件包括弹块、滑动伸缩杆和压紧弹簧,所述弹块通过滑动伸缩杆连接墙体固定挂件;压紧弹簧的一端连接墙体固定挂件,另一端连接弹块;所述弹块插入插接孔中。弹块和中层的接触面上均开设相互啮合的锯齿。
[0022]如图2所示,在表层和中层之间,以及中层和内层之间分别设置注胶层,还包括套钩连接件,所述套钩连接件包括两个“T”形钩体,所述钩体包括一个连接柱,连接柱的一端设置卡爪,另一端设置套环,两个连接柱通过套环套装在一起;弧形卡爪设置在注胶层中;所述卡爪呈弧形或倒钩形。注胶层的厚度不大于0.1_。
[0023]所述内层为硅酸钙板。
[0024]本发明的通风条孔贯穿保温装饰板和通风防火隔离条,方便各结构体之间的热量流通和通风散热,令建筑物整体温度趋于均恒,顶层居住环境大为改善。一旦发生火灾,一般火焰温度在800-1000摄氏度,而铝材的融化温度仅为600摄氏度,通风防火隔离条此时处于熔融态,进而封闭了设置在通风防火隔离条上的通风条孔,起到阻燃防火的作用。火灾过后,只需更换事故区域的板材和通风防火隔离条即可。
[0025]以上所述,仅是本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非是对本发明作其它形式的限制,任何熟悉本专业的技术人员可能利用上述揭示的技术内容加以组合、变更或改型均为本发明的等效实施例。凡是未脱离本发明技术方案内容,依据本发明的技术实质对以上实施例所作的任何简单修改、等同变化与改型,仍属于本发明技术方案的保护范围。

Claims (8)

1.一种防火保温装饰一体板,其特征在于包括保温装饰板,所述保温装饰板为表、中、内三层叠加粘合的三层结构体;所述表层为陶瓷薄板或石材薄板;所述中层为聚氨酯保温层;相邻保温装饰板之间设置通风防火隔离条;还包括通风条孔,所述通风条孔贯穿保温装饰板和通风防火隔离条;所述通风防火隔离条为铝制材质,在通风防火隔离条中设置内腔体,内腔体内填充防火材料。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种防火保温装饰一体板,其特征在于:还包括墙体固定挂件,所述墙体固定挂件的横截面呈“Z”形,墙体固定挂件的上端设置连接紧固件,下端开设固定锚装孔;连接紧固件将墙体固定挂件与中层连接固定在一起。
3.根据权利要求2所述的一种防火保温装饰一体板,其特征在于:在固定锚装孔的内壁上设置内螺纹;所述定位孔内还设置有倒刺卡爪;所述紧固装置包括紧固螺栓,沿紧固螺栓外螺纹柱的母线方向设置一根以上的条形卡槽;当紧固螺栓正向旋入固定锚装孔中时,倒刺卡爪不阻碍紧固螺栓的转动;当紧固螺栓在固定锚装孔中预进行反向旋转时,倒刺卡爪插入条形卡槽中,阻碍固定螺栓的脱出。
4.根据权利要求3所述的一种防火保温装饰一体板,其特征在于:在中层上开设插接孔,所述连接紧固件包括弹块、滑动伸缩杆和压紧弹簧,所述弹块通过滑动伸缩杆连接墙体固定挂件;压紧弹簧的一端连接墙体固定挂件,另一端连接弹块;所述弹块插入插接孔中。
5.根据权利要求4所述的一种防火保温装饰一体板,其特征在于:弹块和中层的接触面上均开设相互啮合的锯齿。
6.根据权利要求5所述的一种防火保温装饰一体板,其特征在于:在表层和中层之间,以及中层和内层之间分别设置注胶层,还包括套钩连接件,所述套钩连接件包括两个“T”形钩体,所述钩体包括一个连接柱,连接柱的一端设置卡爪,另一端设置套环,两个连接柱通过套环套装在一起;卡爪设置在注胶层中;所述卡爪呈弧形或倒钩形。
7.根据权利要求6所述的一种防火保温装饰一体板,其特征在于:注胶层的厚度不大于0.1mm0
8.根据权利要求7所述的一种防火保温装饰一体板,其特征在于:所述内层为硅酸钙板。
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