CN105815602A - Bait for high-yield crawfish - Google Patents

Bait for high-yield crawfish Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105815602A
CN105815602A CN201610162927.4A CN201610162927A CN105815602A CN 105815602 A CN105815602 A CN 105815602A CN 201610162927 A CN201610162927 A CN 201610162927A CN 105815602 A CN105815602 A CN 105815602A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
bait
mixed
vegetal
animal
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Pending
Application number
CN201610162927.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘聪聪
李传美
刘升永
刘月月
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Jinmaoyuan Branch Wuhe County Jintang Aquatic Product Cultivation Co Ltd
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Jinmaoyuan Branch Wuhe County Jintang Aquatic Product Cultivation Co Ltd
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Application filed by Jinmaoyuan Branch Wuhe County Jintang Aquatic Product Cultivation Co Ltd filed Critical Jinmaoyuan Branch Wuhe County Jintang Aquatic Product Cultivation Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610162927.4A priority Critical patent/CN105815602A/en
Publication of CN105815602A publication Critical patent/CN105815602A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of aquatic product breeding and particularly discloses bait for high-yield crawfish.The bait is composed of a bait body A, a bait body B and a bait body C.According to the bait, the different bait bodies are utilized in different growth periods of the crawfish, and more pertinence is achieved for growth of the crawfish; traditional Chinese medicine ingredients are added to the bait and can be combined with other ingredients, the content of protein and the content of calcium of crawfish are raised, disease resistance of the crawfish can also be improved, and the growth is accelerated, so that overall nutrition value of crawfish is improved, and the yield is raised.

Description

A kind of bait of high yield Procambarus clarkii
Technical field
The invention belongs to aquaculture technical field, be specifically related to the bait of a kind of high yield Procambarus clarkii.
Background technology
The nutritive value of Procambarus clarkii: 1, from the point of view of protein component, the protein content of Lobster is 18.9%, higher than most fresh water and sea water fish and shrimp, its aminoacid composition is better than meat, can not synthesize or 8 kinds of essential amino acids of synthetic quantity deficiency containing internal necessary to human body;2, the fat content of Lobster is only 0.2%, not only much lower than livestock meat, and its fat is made up of unsaturated fatty acid necessary to human body mostly, easily by human consumption and absorption, and has the effect preventing cholesterol from accumulating in vivo;3, Lobster is the same with other aquatic products, and containing mineralogical composition necessary to human body, total amount is about 1.6%, and wherein the content of calcium, phosphorus, sodium and ferrum is all high than general livestock meat, and the most edible Procambarus clarkii meat can keep neural, the irritability of muscle.
Along with improving constantly of people's living standard, quality of life is required more and more higher by people, food quality is required the highest, people to the demand of the Procambarus clarkii of rich in nutritive value also in very fast growth, but Procambarus clarkii yield in the market can not meet the urgent needs of people, the yield therefore improving Procambarus clarkii is urgent problem.But Procambarus clarkii often occurs the situation mutually bitten during growing up, and easily catches, so that yield reduces, income declines;And protein and the calcium content of Procambarus clarkii the most do not find suitable mode to improve in the market.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the bait of a kind of high yield Procambarus clarkii, by Procambarus clarkii being processed and using different bait at different times, promote the protein of Procambarus clarkii, calcium content and the speed of growth, reduce morbidity rate and mortality rate.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
The bait of a kind of high yield Procambarus clarkii, is made up of bait A, bait B and bait C;
Bait A is prepared by following raw material by weight: 70% animal bait and 30% vegetal bait, animal bait is mixed by fish flour 8 parts, shrimp meal 5 parts, 12 parts of egg pupa powder, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 18 parts, small fish 5 parts and Bellamya quadrata meat 13 parts, and vegetal bait is mixed by 3 parts of Herba Spirodelae, Semen Maydis powder 6 parts, chickpea 4 parts, Fructus Cucumidis sativi 6 parts, soybean cake 8 parts, 5 parts of Testa Tritici and Fructus Arctii 3 parts;
Bait B is prepared by following raw material by weight: 50% animal bait and 50% vegetal bait, animal bait is mixed by fish intestinal 13 parts, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 5 parts, 12 parts of egg pupa powder, Lumbricus 6 parts and Bellamya quadrata meat 9 parts, and vegetal bait is mixed by Abelmoschus esculentus 6 parts, 3 parts of Herba Spirodelae, Semen Maydis powder 6 parts, Fructus Mali pumilae 3 parts, arrowhead 2 parts, soybean cake 8 parts, 5 parts of Testa Tritici and 0.8 part of Poria;
Bait C is prepared by following raw material by weight: 40% animal bait and 60% vegetal bait, animal bait is mixed by shrimp meal 8 parts, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 10 parts, 12 parts of egg pupa powder, small fish 5 parts and Bellamya quadrata meat 13 parts, and vegetal bait is mixed by 8 parts of Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, soybean cake 10 parts, 6 parts of Testa oryzae, 12 parts of peanut cake, light calyx lotus 0.4 part, rapeseed cake 5 parts, Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. 0.8 part and ethanol grain 0.6 part.
As inventing further scheme: bait A uses following steps to be prepared:
A, 3 parts of Herba Spirodelae, Fructus Cucumidis sativi 6 parts and 4 parts of peanut cake are crushed respectively, add the firmly rubbing of 5 parts of Testa Tritici so that it is mix homogeneously;
B, Fructus Arctii 3 parts is peeled, chickpea 4 parts, firmly grind respectively, mix homogeneously with the above-mentioned raw material handled well, ferment 7 days at 25 DEG C of lower seals;
C, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 18 parts, small fish 5 parts, Bellamya quadrata meat 13 parts are crushed respectively, add shrimp meal 8 parts, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 10 parts, 12 parts of mix homogeneously of egg pupa powder;
D, raw material mix homogeneously step b, c obtained, ferment 5 days at 25 DEG C of lower seals.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the bait of the Procambarus clarkii that the present invention provides is by using different bait in Procambarus clarkii different growing stages, and the growth to Procambarus clarkii has more specific aim;Bait A is used to improve its protein content and calcium content in Procambarus clarkii growth early stage, accelerate the speed of growth of Procambarus clarkii, and add chickpea and Fructus Arctii Chinese medicine ingredients by mixing in bait, both can be combined with each other with other compositions, improve the utilization rate of bait, the disease resistance of Procambarus clarkii can be promoted again;Use bait B to improve its protein content mid-term in Procambarus clarkii growth, and add arrowhead and Poria medicinal ingredient by mixing in bait, both can promote the disease resistance of Procambarus clarkii, its speed of growth can be accelerated again;Use bait C at Procambarus clarkii Later growth, add light calyx lotus and Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. by mixing in bait, promote the Procambarus clarkii absorption to nutrient substance, accelerate the speed of growth, thus the overall nutrition improving Procambarus clarkii is worth and yield.
Detailed description of the invention
In the embodiment of the present invention, the bait of a kind of high yield Procambarus clarkii, it is made up of bait A, bait B and bait C;
Bait A is prepared by following raw material by weight: 70% animal bait and 30% vegetal bait, animal bait is mixed by fish flour 8 parts, shrimp meal 5 parts, 12 parts of egg pupa powder, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 18 parts, small fish 5 parts and Bellamya quadrata meat 13 parts, and vegetal bait is mixed by 3 parts of Herba Spirodelae, Semen Maydis powder 6 parts, chickpea 4 parts, Fructus Cucumidis sativi 6 parts, soybean cake 8 parts, 5 parts of Testa Tritici and Fructus Arctii 3 parts;Bait A is used to improve its protein content and calcium content in Procambarus clarkii growth early stage, accelerate the speed of growth of Procambarus clarkii, and by adding chickpea and Fructus Arctii Chinese medicine ingredients in bait, both can be combined with each other with other compositions, improve the utilization rate of bait, the disease resistance of Procambarus clarkii can be promoted again;
Bait B is prepared by following raw material by weight: 50% animal bait and 50% vegetal bait, animal bait is mixed by fish intestinal 13 parts, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 5 parts, 12 parts of egg pupa powder, Lumbricus 6 parts and Bellamya quadrata meat 9 parts, and vegetal bait is mixed by Abelmoschus esculentus 6 parts, 3 parts of Herba Spirodelae, Semen Maydis powder 6 parts, Fructus Mali pumilae 3 parts, arrowhead 2 parts, soybean cake 8 parts, 5 parts of Testa Tritici and 0.8 part of Poria;Use bait B to improve its protein content mid-term in Procambarus clarkii growth, and by adding arrowhead and Poria medicinal ingredient in bait, both can promote the disease resistance of Procambarus clarkii, its speed of growth can be accelerated again;
Bait C is prepared by following raw material by weight: 40% animal bait and 60% vegetal bait, animal bait is mixed by shrimp meal 8 parts, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 10 parts, 12 parts of egg pupa powder, small fish 5 parts and Bellamya quadrata meat 13 parts, and vegetal bait is mixed by 8 parts of Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, soybean cake 10 parts, 6 parts of Testa oryzae, 12 parts of peanut cake, light calyx lotus 0.4 part, rapeseed cake 5 parts, Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. 0.8 part and ethanol grain 0.6 part;Use bait C at Procambarus clarkii Later growth, add light calyx lotus and Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. by mixing in bait, promote the Procambarus clarkii absorption to nutrient substance, accelerate the speed of growth.
As inventing further scheme: bait A uses following steps to be prepared:
A, 3 parts of Herba Spirodelae, Fructus Cucumidis sativi 6 parts and 4 parts of peanut cake are crushed respectively, add the firmly rubbing of 5 parts of Testa Tritici so that it is mix homogeneously;
B, Fructus Arctii 3 parts is peeled, chickpea 4 parts, firmly grind respectively, mix homogeneously with the above-mentioned raw material handled well, ferment 7 days at 25 DEG C of lower seals;
C, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 18 parts, small fish 5 parts, Bellamya quadrata meat 13 parts are crushed respectively, add shrimp meal 8 parts, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 10 parts, 12 parts of mix homogeneously of egg pupa powder;
D, raw material mix homogeneously step b, c obtained, ferment 5 days at 25 DEG C of lower seals.
Using the breeding bait cultivation Procambarus clarkii of the present invention, arrange matched group, matched group uses conventional method to carry out culture experiment result such as following table:
Table 1
Experiment quantity (tail) Cultivate number (tail) of surviving January Average weight gain (g) Average calcium content (mg/100g) Average protein content (g/100g)
Matched group 200 178 5.6 82 13.9
Experimental group 200 193 8.9 116 20.1
As shown in Table 1, use the method cultivation Procambarus clarkii of the present invention can not only improve the speed of growth of Procambarus clarkii, reduce the mortality rate in trophophase and case fatality rate, and the protein content of the Procambarus clarkii cultivated and calcium content are higher.

Claims (2)

1. the bait of a high yield Procambarus clarkii, it is characterised in that be made up of bait A, bait B and bait C;
Bait A is prepared by following raw material by weight: 70% animal bait and 30% vegetal bait, animal bait is mixed by fish flour 8 parts, shrimp meal 5 parts, 12 parts of egg pupa powder, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 18 parts, small fish 5 parts and Bellamya quadrata meat 13 parts, and vegetal bait is mixed by 3 parts of Herba Spirodelae, Semen Maydis powder 6 parts, chickpea 4 parts, Fructus Cucumidis sativi 6 parts, soybean cake 8 parts, 5 parts of Testa Tritici and Fructus Arctii 3 parts;
Bait B is prepared by following raw material by weight: 50% animal bait and 50% vegetal bait, animal bait is mixed by fish intestinal 13 parts, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 5 parts, 12 parts of egg pupa powder, Lumbricus 6 parts and Bellamya quadrata meat 9 parts, and vegetal bait is mixed by Abelmoschus esculentus 6 parts, 3 parts of Herba Spirodelae, Semen Maydis powder 6 parts, Fructus Mali pumilae 3 parts, arrowhead 2 parts, soybean cake 8 parts, 5 parts of Testa Tritici and 0.8 part of Poria;
Bait C is prepared by following raw material by weight: 40% animal bait and 60% vegetal bait, animal bait is mixed by shrimp meal 8 parts, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 10 parts, 12 parts of egg pupa powder, small fish 5 parts and Bellamya quadrata meat 13 parts, and vegetal bait is mixed by 8 parts of Fructus Cucurbitae moschatae, soybean cake 10 parts, 6 parts of Testa oryzae, 12 parts of peanut cake, light calyx lotus 0.4 part, rapeseed cake 5 parts, Zygopetalum truncatns (Haw). Schum. 0.8 part and ethanol grain 0.6 part.
The bait of a kind of high yield Procambarus clarkii the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that bait A uses following steps to be prepared:
A, 3 parts of Herba Spirodelae, Fructus Cucumidis sativi 6 parts and 4 parts of peanut cake are crushed respectively, add the firmly rubbing of 5 parts of Testa Tritici so that it is mix homogeneously;
B, Fructus Arctii 3 parts is peeled, chickpea 4 parts, firmly grind respectively, mix homogeneously with the above-mentioned raw material handled well, ferment 7 days at 25 DEG C of lower seals;
C, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 18 parts, small fish 5 parts, Bellamya quadrata meat 13 parts are crushed respectively, add shrimp meal 8 parts, Intestinum Gallus domesticus 10 parts, 12 parts of mix homogeneously of egg pupa powder;
D, raw material mix homogeneously step b, c obtained, ferment 5 days at 25 DEG C of lower seals.
CN201610162927.4A 2016-03-22 2016-03-22 Bait for high-yield crawfish Pending CN105815602A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106666246A (en) * 2017-02-09 2017-05-17 合肥隆扬农业科技有限公司 Feed for river crabs and preparation method thereof
CN109007436A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-12-18 普定县万贵养殖有限公司 Feed needed for a kind of segmentation raising cray and preparation method thereof

Citations (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103229911A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-08-07 杨成胜 Healthy crawfish feed and preparation method
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CN104957420A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-10-07 李春燕 Feed for high yield of silver carps
CN104996341A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-10-28 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 High-yield crawfish culture method
CN105393956A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-03-16 袁生咬 Aquaculture method for improving meat quality of freshwater crayfishes

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103229911A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-08-07 杨成胜 Healthy crawfish feed and preparation method
CN103330079A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-10-02 句容市欢欢龙虾专业合作社 Feed for freshwater adult crayfishes
CN104430089A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-03-25 苏州市相城区盛胡特种养殖专业合作社 Pollution-free fresh water lobster breeding method
CN104855318A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-08-26 易述春 Method for culturing crayfishes
CN104957420A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-10-07 李春燕 Feed for high yield of silver carps
CN104996341A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-10-28 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑成水产生态养殖专业合作社 High-yield crawfish culture method
CN105393956A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-03-16 袁生咬 Aquaculture method for improving meat quality of freshwater crayfishes

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106666246A (en) * 2017-02-09 2017-05-17 合肥隆扬农业科技有限公司 Feed for river crabs and preparation method thereof
CN109007436A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-12-18 普定县万贵养殖有限公司 Feed needed for a kind of segmentation raising cray and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20160803