CN105706996A - Desilting method for aquaculture pond organisms - Google Patents

Desilting method for aquaculture pond organisms Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105706996A
CN105706996A CN201610110782.3A CN201610110782A CN105706996A CN 105706996 A CN105706996 A CN 105706996A CN 201610110782 A CN201610110782 A CN 201610110782A CN 105706996 A CN105706996 A CN 105706996A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
aquaculture
volume
desilting
throwing
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CN201610110782.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
雷曼红
姜仁军
陶大勇
王选东
王时伟
任道全
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塔里木大学
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Priority to CN201610110782.3A priority Critical patent/CN105706996A/en
Publication of CN105706996A publication Critical patent/CN105706996A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a desilting method for aquaculture pond organisms. The method comprises the following steps: when the water level of an aquaculture pond reaches 100 cm, throwing in 100 silver carps and 100 bighead carps, each of which weighs 500g, 200 carps each of which weighs 30g, and 800 crucians each of which weighs 30g in per mu of the aquaculture pond ; mixing bacillus subtilis, saccharomycetes, photosynthetic bacterial liquid into mixed bacterial liquid according to a volume ratio of (1 to 3):(1 to 2):(1 to 3), and throwing into aquaculture water, wherein the throwing amount is 1-2% of the volume of the aquaculture water; afterwards, every time that the bacterial liquid is thrown to treat water quality, determining TN, TP and COD indexes of the water quality, and according to monitoring results, determining the time for continuously throwing in the mixed bacterial liquid to treat the aquaculture water. By the desilting method, the desilting is thorough, water-saving aquaculture is realized, an effective organism amount in an aquaculture water area is increased, the economic benefit is increased, the yield can be improved by 50 percent, a feed coefficient is lowered, the aquaculture cost is saved, and the occurrence of disease is reduced.

Description

A kind of method of cultivating pool biology desilting
Technical field
The present invention relates to cultivating pool desilting field, a kind of method being specifically related to cultivating pool biology desilting.
Background technology
At present, China's Aquacultural water eutrophication generally occurs, and mud is blocked up, water taste is stench, harmful algae Excessive multiplication, bio-diversity decline, and serious threat healthy fish affects the yield and quality of fish.In recent years, although Breeding water body uses the measures such as various microorganism and bottom blowdown to improve water quality, but from the point of view of Eutrophic Extent, water The each eutrophication status index of body does not decline than before it.Visible breeding water body once forms eutrophication and is difficult to thoroughly recover.
The nitrogen, phosphorus and the organic loading that eliminate in cultivating pool water body could fundamentally solve body eutrophication.Mesh Before, commonly use physics, chemistry, biological method or this several method both at home and abroad and combine and process contaminating endogenous.Bottom blowdown Method needs substantial amounts of water resource to supplement, in western China, and water resource famine;The method cost mistake of machinery desilting Height, and to preventing body eutrophication from can only play retarding action, fundamentally can't resolve culture-pool water quality and run down Problem.The method of microbial treatments, due to the feature such as low cost, non-secondary pollution, is the method that cultivating pool is conventional, but Being that cultivating pool daily ration, feeding quantity every day is big, the refuse of Fish excretion is many, and other influence factors the most numerous, its administering method is not Can carry out under the conditions of manual control.
Someone utilizes conventional several microbial cleaning breeding water bodies at present, by microorganism to causing certain of eutrophication Or the absorbing of several organic pollutant, control algae excessive propagation, eliminate bed mud, but microorganism is organic to endogenous The degradation speed of pollutant is far smaller than the feces of aquaculture organism discharge every day.Chinese patent publication once disclosed one The innovation and creation of " a kind of method utilizing microorganism effectively to control algal bloom ", its application number 201110021920.8, the party Method utilizes bacillus cereus, acinetobacter calcoaceticus, denitrifying bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria liquid to be mixed in proportion and render to cultivating pool, right The clearance of each pollutant of cultivating pool water body is respectively: TN is 83.1%, and TP is 92.1%, and COD is 79.1%, Chla is 90.1%, but the desilting speed in intensive culture pond has still shown slower..
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems referred to above, a kind of method that the invention provides cultivating pool biology desilting, utilize by Sichuan Hua Teng water Generationization Science and Technology Development Co., Ltd. provide microorganism and benthic fishes be used for cultivating pool desilting, can overcome above-mentioned Shortcoming, is more suitable for the desilting of essence cultivating pool.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is:
A kind of method of cultivating pool biology desilting, comprises the steps:
S1, after the water level of cultivating pool reaches 100cm, throw in specification for every mu and be the Hypophthalmichthys molitrix of 500 grams and Aristichthys nobilis is 100 tails, Specification is Cyprinus carpio 200 tail of 30 grams, and specification is Carassius auratus 800 tail of 30 grams;
S2, by bacillus subtilis, yeast, photosynthetic bacteria liquid bacterium solution by volume ratio be 1-3: 1-2: 1-3 ratio be mixed into Mixed bacteria liquid, renders to breeding water body, and injected volume is the 0.1 ‰-0.2 ‰ of breeding water body volume, wherein, and water temperature 20 DEG C-25 DEG C, threw in mixed bacteria liquid 1 time every 15 days, injected volume is the 0.2 ‰ of breeding water body volume, and water temperature more than 25 DEG C is every 7 It throws in mixed bacteria liquid 1 time, and injected volume is the 0.1 ‰ of breeding water body volume, before throwing in bacterium solution water quality treatment, surveys the most every time Determine water quality TN, TP and COD index, determine that according to monitoring result throwing in mixed bacteria liquid continuously processes the breeding water body time.
The method have the advantages that
1. desilting is thorough.Utilize several bacterium mixed liquor, filter-feeding fish and benthic fishes, through 10-12 month, Pond Silt by 50-110cm is reduced to below 20cm, even non sludge, has saved the cost of mechanical desilting.
Achieve water saving cultivation.In 1 culture-cycle, in the case of water temperature is less than 25 DEG C, it is achieved that only water inlet, The aquaculture model of not draining, at high temperature season, changes a water for 20 days, and quantity of exchanged water is only 10%.Even if at water source, China western part Area in short supply, it is also possible to realize high yield.
Add effective Biomass of Cultivated water, improve economic benefit.Mud is blocked up, and pond is aging, cultivates water level Declining, the specific yield of fish reduces, and by biological desilting, yield can promote 50%.
Reduce feed coefficient.Common aquaculture model, 3+The feed coefficient of Ctenopharyngodon idellus is usually 2.3-2.5, uses this breeding Growing pattern, feed coefficient, up to 2.0, saves aquaculture cost, improves fish crop.
Decrease disease to occur.In common aquaculture model, the liver and gallbladder syndrome of Fish is the most common, every year because of liver and gallbladder syndrome Cause the event turning over the pool the most common with water quality deterioration.After utilizing microorganism, filter-feeding fish and benthic fishes to carry out desilting, i.e. Making Fish serious floating head occur, fish kills number is not more than 1 ‰.
Water correction, reduces the consumption of Cultivated water water transfer medicine.Pond Silt is thick, and pond ammonia nitrogen, hydrogen sulfide content are super Mark, conventional chemical drugs, causes water pollution once again.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make objects and advantages of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is carried out the most specifically Bright.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
S1, after the water level of cultivating pool reaches 100cm, throw in specification for every mu and be the Hypophthalmichthys molitrix of 500 grams and Aristichthys nobilis is 100 tails, Specification is Cyprinus carpio 200 tail of 30 grams, and specification is Carassius auratus 800 tail of 30 grams;Every mu is thrown in specification is 500 grams of Ctenopharyngodon idellus 150 Tail;Daily ration, feeding quantity is pressed the body weight of Ctenopharyngodon idellus and is calculated.
, by bacillus subtilis, yeast, photosynthetic bacteria liquid bacterium solution by volume ratio be 1: 1: 1 ratio be mixed into mixed Closing bacterium solution, render to breeding water body, injected volume is the 0.1 ‰-0.2 ‰ of breeding water body volume, wherein, and water temperature 20 DEG C-25 DEG C, Throwing in mixed bacteria liquid 1 time every 15 days, injected volume is the 0.2 ‰ of breeding water body volume, and water temperature was thrown every 7 days for more than 25 DEG C Putting mixed bacteria liquid 1 time, injected volume is the 0.1 ‰ of breeding water body volume, before throwing in bacterium solution water quality treatment, measures water the most every time Matter TN, TP and COD index, determine that according to monitoring result throwing in mixed bacteria liquid continuously processes the breeding water body time.
Embodiment 2
S1, after the water level of cultivating pool reaches 100cm, throw in specification for every mu and be the Hypophthalmichthys molitrix of 500 grams and Aristichthys nobilis is 100 tails, Specification is Cyprinus carpio 200 tail of 30 grams, and specification is Carassius auratus 800 tail of 30 grams;Every mu is thrown in specification is 500 grams of Ctenopharyngodon idellus 150 Tail;Daily ration, feeding quantity is pressed the body weight of Ctenopharyngodon idellus and is calculated.
, by bacillus subtilis, yeast, photosynthetic bacteria liquid bacterium solution by volume ratio be 3: 2: 3 ratio be mixed into mixed Closing bacterium solution, render to breeding water body, injected volume is the 0.1 ‰-0.2 ‰ of breeding water body volume, wherein, and water temperature 20 DEG C-25 DEG C, Throwing in mixed bacteria liquid 1 time every 15 days, injected volume is the 0.2 ‰ of breeding water body volume, and water temperature was thrown every 7 days for more than 25 DEG C Putting mixed bacteria liquid 1 time, injected volume is the 0.1 ‰ of breeding water body volume, before throwing in bacterium solution water quality treatment, measures water the most every time Matter TN, TP and COD index, determine that according to monitoring result throwing in mixed bacteria liquid continuously processes the breeding water body time.
Embodiment 3
S1, after the water level of cultivating pool reaches 100cm, throw in specification for every mu and be the Hypophthalmichthys molitrix of 500 grams and Aristichthys nobilis is 100 tails, Specification is Cyprinus carpio 200 tail of 30 grams, and specification is Carassius auratus 800 tail of 30 grams;Every mu is thrown in specification is 500 grams of Ctenopharyngodon idellus 150 Tail;Daily ration, feeding quantity is pressed the body weight of Ctenopharyngodon idellus and is calculated.
, by bacillus subtilis, yeast, photosynthetic bacteria liquid bacterium solution by volume ratio be 2: 1.5: 2 ratio be mixed into Mixed bacteria liquid, renders to breeding water body, and injected volume is the 0.1 ‰-0.2 ‰ of breeding water body volume, wherein, and water temperature 20 DEG C-25 DEG C, threw in mixed bacteria liquid 1 time every 15 days, injected volume is the 0.2 ‰ of breeding water body volume, and water temperature more than 25 DEG C is every 7 It throws in mixed bacteria liquid 1 time, and injected volume is the 0.1 ‰ of breeding water body volume, before throwing in bacterium solution water quality treatment, surveys the most every time Determine water quality TN, TP and COD index, determine that according to monitoring result throwing in mixed bacteria liquid continuously processes the breeding water body time Through 10-12 month, after testing, the Pond Silt in above-described embodiment 1-3 was reduced to below 20cm by 50-110cm, very To non sludge, save the cost of mechanical desilting.Within 1 culture-cycle, in the case of water temperature is less than 25 DEG C, real Having showed only water inlet, the aquaculture model of not draining, simultaneously at high temperature season, within 20 days, changed a water, quantity of exchanged water is only 10%.I.e. Make in area in short supply, water source, China western part, it is also possible to realizing per mu yield 1500 kilograms, yield can promote 50%;Feed coefficient up to 2.0, to save aquaculture cost, improved fish crop, do not occurred that serious situation about raising the nose above water to breathe occur in Fish, fish kills number will not surpass Cross 1 ‰;Water quality situation is preferable.
Embodiment 4
S1, after the water level of cultivating pool reaches 100cm, throw in specification for every mu and be the Hypophthalmichthys molitrix of 500 grams and Aristichthys nobilis is 100 tails, Specification is Cyprinus carpio 200 tail of 30 grams, and specification is Carassius auratus 800 tail of 30 grams;Every mu is thrown in specification is 50 grams of Ctenopharyngodon idellus 2000 Tail;Daily ration, feeding quantity is pressed the body weight of Ctenopharyngodon idellus and is calculated.
, by bacillus subtilis, yeast, photosynthetic bacteria liquid bacterium solution by volume ratio be 1-3: 1-2: 1-3 ratio mix Synthesis mixed bacteria liquid, renders to breeding water body, and injected volume is the 0.1 ‰ of breeding water body volume, throws in bacterium solution the most every time and processes Before water quality, measure water quality TN, TP and COD index, determine that according to monitoring result throwing in mixed bacteria liquid continuously processes cultivation The water body time.Water temperature 20 DEG C-25 DEG C, threw in mixed bacteria liquid 1 time every 15 days, and injected volume is the 0.2 of breeding water body volume ‰, water temperature threw in mixed bacteria liquid 1 time every 7 days for more than 25 DEG C, and injected volume is the 0.1 ‰ of breeding water body volume.
Through 10-12 month, after testing, the Pond Silt in above-described embodiment by 50-110cm be reduced to 20cm with Under, even non sludge, save the cost of mechanical desilting.Within 1 culture-cycle, in the water temperature situation less than 25 DEG C Under, it is achieved that only water inlet, the aquaculture model of not draining, simultaneously at high temperature season, within 20 days, change a water, quantity of exchanged water is only 10%.Even if in area in short supply, water source, China western part, it is also possible to realizing per mu yield 2000 kilograms, yield can promote 50%;Bait Coefficient, up to 1.4, has saved aquaculture cost, improves fish crop, Ctenopharyngodon idellus " new four is sick " does not occurs, the survival rate of Ctenopharyngodon idellus up to 99%;Water quality situation is preferable.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for those skilled in the art For, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, it is also possible to make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should It is considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. the method for a cultivating pool biology desilting, it is characterised in that comprise the steps:
S1, after the water level of cultivating pool reaches 100cm, throw in specification for every mu and be the Hypophthalmichthys molitrix of 500 grams and Aristichthys nobilis is 100 tails, Specification is Cyprinus carpio 200 tail of 30 grams, and specification is Carassius auratus 800 tail of 30 grams;
S2, by bacillus subtilis, yeast, photosynthetic bacteria liquid bacterium solution by volume ratio be 1-3: 1-2: 1-3 ratio be mixed into Mixed bacteria liquid, renders to breeding water body, and injected volume is the 0.1 ‰-0.2 ‰ of breeding water body volume, wherein, and water temperature 20 DEG C-25 DEG C, threw in mixed bacteria liquid 1 time every 15 days, injected volume is the 0.2 ‰ of breeding water body volume, and water temperature more than 25 DEG C is every 7 It throws in mixed bacteria liquid 1 time, and injected volume is the 0.1 ‰ of breeding water body volume, before throwing in bacterium solution water quality treatment, surveys the most every time Determine water quality TN, TP and COD index, determine that according to monitoring result throwing in mixed bacteria liquid continuously processes the breeding water body time.
CN201610110782.3A 2016-02-22 2016-02-22 Desilting method for aquaculture pond organisms CN105706996A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106007307A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-12 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Desilting agent containing reed stem-shaped methane bristle-shaped bacteria and application of desilting agent in salt elimination concealed conduit
CN108439611A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-08-24 云南亚美湖泊水质治理有限公司 A kind of purification method of eutrophication water

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104026052A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-09-10 广西博士海意信息科技有限公司 Breeding method of crucians
CN104961311A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-07 耿跃 Method for manufacturing biological preparations for treating silt at bottoms of fish ponds
CN104982355A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-10-21 周天赐 Cultivation method with high production of grass carp in pool
CN104986930A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-21 耿跃 Biological agent for treating sludge on bottom of fish pond
CN105454117A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-04-06 陈东 Method for culturing crucian

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104026052A (en) * 2014-06-25 2014-09-10 广西博士海意信息科技有限公司 Breeding method of crucians
CN104982355A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-10-21 周天赐 Cultivation method with high production of grass carp in pool
CN104961311A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-07 耿跃 Method for manufacturing biological preparations for treating silt at bottoms of fish ponds
CN104986930A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-21 耿跃 Biological agent for treating sludge on bottom of fish pond
CN105454117A (en) * 2015-12-30 2016-04-06 陈东 Method for culturing crucian

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106007307A (en) * 2016-06-30 2016-10-12 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Desilting agent containing reed stem-shaped methane bristle-shaped bacteria and application of desilting agent in salt elimination concealed conduit
CN108439611A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-08-24 云南亚美湖泊水质治理有限公司 A kind of purification method of eutrophication water
CN108439611B (en) * 2018-03-30 2020-08-04 云南亚美湖泊水质治理有限公司 Method for purifying eutrophic water body

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Application publication date: 20160629