CN105674197A - Intelligent folding and unfolding type LED street lamp capable of utilizing photovoltaic energy and rainwater to generate power - Google Patents

Intelligent folding and unfolding type LED street lamp capable of utilizing photovoltaic energy and rainwater to generate power Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105674197A
CN105674197A CN201610202843.9A CN201610202843A CN105674197A CN 105674197 A CN105674197 A CN 105674197A CN 201610202843 A CN201610202843 A CN 201610202843A CN 105674197 A CN105674197 A CN 105674197A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
street lamp
rainwater
led street
photovoltaic
umbrella
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Granted
Application number
CN201610202843.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105674197B (en
Inventor
袁银梅
邹琳江
贾虎
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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Anhui University of Technology AHUT
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Priority to CN201610202843.9A priority Critical patent/CN105674197B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S9/00Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
    • F21S9/02Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator
    • F21S9/03Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light
    • F21S9/037Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light the solar unit and the lighting unit being located within or on the same housing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S9/00Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
    • F21S9/04Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a generator
    • F21S9/046Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a generator driven by hydropower, e.g. by water powered turbines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V19/00Fastening of light sources or lamp holders
    • F21V19/001Fastening of light sources or lamp holders the light sources being semiconductors devices, e.g. LEDs
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V21/00Supporting, suspending, or attaching arrangements for lighting devices; Hand grips
    • F21V21/10Pendants, arms, or standards; Fixing lighting devices to pendants, arms, or standards
    • F21V21/108Arms
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V23/00Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices
    • F21V23/003Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being electronics drivers or controllers for operating the light source, e.g. for a LED array
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V33/00Structural combinations of lighting devices with other articles, not otherwise provided for
    • F21V33/006General building constructions or finishing work for buildings, e.g. roofs, gutters, stairs or floors; Garden equipment; Sunshades or parasols
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2131/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems not provided for in codes F21W2102/00-F21W2121/00
    • F21W2131/10Outdoor lighting
    • F21W2131/103Outdoor lighting of streets or roads
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/72Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps in street lighting

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent folding and unfolding type LED street lamp capable of utilizing photovoltaic energy and rainwater to generate power and belongs to the field of energy power generation. The intelligent folding and unfolding type LED street lamp comprises an LED street lamp body and a photovoltaic power generation-rainwater power generation device fixed on a supporting mechanism, wherein the LED street lamp body is attached to the photovoltaic power generation-rainwater power generation device, the device generates power by utilizing sunlight or collecting rainwater, and converted power is stored in a storage battery; when an umbrella-shaped folding and unfolding mechanism of the photovoltaic power generation-rainwater power generation device is in the unfolded state, a photovoltaic module receives the sunlight to generate power; in the folded state, the rainwater collected by a rainwater collecting port passes through a hydro-generator for power generation. According to the technical scheme, solar energy and the rainwater are used for generating power to supply a power supply to the LED street lamp body, the intelligent folding and unfolding type LED street lamp can work normally on sunny days and rainy days and is high in environmental adaptability, high in practicability and convenient to popularize and use, and the utilization rate of energy is increased.

Description

A kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating
Technical field
The present invention relates to energy source utilizing electricity generating techn field, more particularly, it relates to a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating.
Background technology
Solar energy, wind energy etc. are as the new forms of energy of environmental protection, inexhaustible. Under the background that global energy worsening shortages, environment go from bad to worse, solar energy, wind energy, as the clean energy resource of a kind of sustainable use, cause showing great attention to of each side.
In recent years, China's photovoltaic industry develops rapidly under the promotion of country's Larger Engineering Projects, popularization plan and international cooperative project. Direction as energy development from now on, solar energy, wind energy are as new forms of energy street lamp, do not affected by power supply as long as having, do not consume that conventional electric energy is sunny just can wait feature, therefore suffer from the extensive concern of people, again because it is free from environmental pollution, and be referred to as Green Product, operation expense is cheap, whole system is run to be and is automatically controlled, it is not necessary to human intervention, is nearly free from maintenance cost. But existing solar electrical energy generation is plane due to solar panel major part, and setting angle is changeless, solar panel cannot sorption enhanced sunlight fully, generated energy can not be guaranteed, it is difficult to sustainable utilization, and common device of solar generating cannot utilize rainwater to generate electricity. Accordingly, it would be desirable to take new technical scheme to solve the problems referred to above.
Technical scheme about generation of electricity by new energy has relevant technical scheme openly, such as China Patent No.: ZL201420431568.4, authorized announcement date: on February 4th, 2015, invention and created name is: a kind of solar street light, this application case discloses a kind of solar street light, including lamp stand, described lamp stand is provided with at least one illuminating lamp, the upper end of described lamp stand is provided with solar panel, and solar panel is opening up horn-like structure, reinforcement plate it is provided with between solar panel and lamp stand, small opening it is provided with bottom solar panel, and communicate with inside lamp stand, the vertical section of lamp stand is provided with power generation apparatus by rainwater, the side of lamp stand is provided with electrical energy storage device. solar panel is set to horn-like structure by this patent formula, so along with the rotation of the sun, the light-receiving area of solar panel is big, can also be entered by rainy rainwater-collecting simultaneously and impact power generation apparatus by rainwater in lamp stand, utilize the gravitional force of rainwater to generate electricity. although the program can be maintained at generating state when shining upon Orientation differences, but due to the tapered distribution of TRT, it is possible to accept the limited area shined upon.
And for example Chinese Patent Application No.: 201320158483.9, the applying date: on April 2nd, 2014, invention and created name is: a kind of energy automatic supplying equipment, including solar panel body, windmill, electric pole, street lamp, described solar panel body is located on electric pole and electrically connects with street lamp;Described windmill is located on solar panel body and electrically connects with solar panel body, belongs to the technical field of energy source use. Although this patent formula can utilize wind energy and solar energy simultaneously, but solar panels generating area is little, and wind-power electricity generation is affected relatively big by wind direction, and generating efficiency has much room for improvement.
Summary of the invention
1. invention to solve the technical problem that
It is an object of the invention to the deficiency overcoming energy utilization rate in prior art relatively low, provide a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating, solar energy and rainwater is utilized to generate electricity, equal energy normal operation under different weather environment, improve the utilization rate to the energy, it is simple to promote the use of.
2. technical scheme
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, technical scheme provided by the invention is:
A kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating of the present invention, including LED street lamp, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater, supporting mechanism and control system, described photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater is fixed on supporting mechanism, LED street lamp is arranged on photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater periphery, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater utilizes sunlight or collection rainwater to generate electricity, and the electric energy converted is stored in the accumulator of control system and powers for LED street lamp.
As further improvement of the present invention, described control system also includes commutator and controller, and solar energy, rainwater are generated electricity to pass in accumulator through controller after being rectified and store, and are powered to LED street lamp by accumulator.
As further improvement of the present invention, described photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater includes photovoltaic module and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, and under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism deployed condition, photovoltaic module accepts sunlight and generates electricity; Under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism collapse state, forming rainwater-collecting mouth, collected rainwater generates electricity through hydrogenerator.
As further improvement of the present invention, described umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism includes folding driving mechanism, umbrella stand center-pole, upper compression sleeve, lower compression sleeve, compression spring and base for fixing umbrella, described base for fixing umbrella and umbrella stand center-pole are slidably connected, lower compression sleeve, compression spring and upper compression sleeve are sleeved on umbrella stand center-pole from the bottom to top successively, and upper compression sleeve fixes with umbrella stand center-pole; Being respectively connected with support wire on described lower compression sleeve and upper compression sleeve, folding driving mechanisms control base for fixing umbrella moves up and down and realizes gathering and the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism.
As further improvement of the present invention, described photovoltaic module includes mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly and flexible thin-film solar assembly, and the support wire in described umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is provided with waterproof cloth; Waterproof cloth side upwards is provided with flexible thin-film solar assembly, and described mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly is arranged on the outer rim of waterproof cloth by pull slide bar or knuckle mode; Described mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly with flexible thin-film solar assembly is provided with and controls Photoinduction device and the humidity induction device that system middle controller electrically connects.
As further improvement of the present invention, described LED street lamp is light bar formula LED, and this LED is arranged in the outside on the downside of waterproof cloth with mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly.
As further improvement of the present invention, described umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is hinged with the main strut in supporting mechanism by guide support; Described folding driving mechanism includes expansion link and angle connecting rod, expansion link one end is hinged with main strut, the telescopic end of expansion link is connected with base for fixing umbrella by angle connecting rod, and this base for fixing umbrella and umbrella stand center-pole are slidably connected, and is swung by expansion link driving mechanisms control guide support.
As further improvement of the present invention, described base for fixing umbrella is slidably connected by inner sliding sleeve and umbrella stand center-pole, forms at least 5 base water inlets between base for fixing umbrella periphery and inner sliding sleeve; Base for fixing umbrella lower end is connected to mozzle, and this mozzle coordinates with the water delivery sleeve pipe being arranged on guide support and dredges current and enter the internal cavities of guide support.
As further improvement of the present invention, two hinged legs of described guide support are guide support outlet, and this guide support outlet connects with the water flow pipes in main strut; The outlet of described water flow pipes leads to the water wheels of hydrogenerator, and water impact water wheels rotate and generate electricity.
As further improvement of the present invention, described control system and hydrogenerator are arranged in base cabinet, and the water inlet of hydrogenerator connects with the outlet of water flow pipes.
3. beneficial effect
Adopt technical scheme provided by the invention, compared with prior art, have the advantages that
(1) a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating of the present invention, solar energy can be utilized under fair weather to generate electricity, generate electricity at rainy day available rainwater, ensure that LED under different weather all can normal operation, provide night illumination environment for pedestrian;
(2) a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating of the present invention, set photovoltaic module is positioned at umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, and the flexible thin-film solar assembly adopted can invest waterproof cloth surface by note, it is possible to folds and folds; When umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism launches, there is bigger light energy absorption face, and by the gradient of expansion link adjustment umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, the utilization rate of solar energy can be improve;
(3) a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating of the present invention, when umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds, define rainwater-collecting mouth, this rainwater-collecting mouth opening upwards, collected rainwater enters guide support by base water inlet, finally impact water wheels to rotate and generate electricity, it is ensured that device also is able to normal power generation in the rainy day and uses;
(4) a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating of the present invention, sends out at solar electrical energy generation and rainwater and can automatically change between a little, and only can be achieved with different functions by a device, save materials'use; No matter umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is in the deployed state or under collapse state, as long as Photoinduction device satisfies condition and can control LED and open, and LED all can normally use under two states, and structure is ingenious, and principle is simple, it is simple to promote the use of.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of intelligence folding type LED street lamp in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of intelligence folding type LED street lamp in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the distributed architecture schematic diagram of solar components on umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of base water inlet in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the positional structure schematic diagram of upper and lower compression sleeve in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the position relationship schematic diagram of mozzle and water delivery sleeve pipe in the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the internal structure schematic diagram of water delivery sleeve pipe in the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of water delivery sleeve pipe and umbrella stand center-pole in the present invention;
Figure 10 is the attachment structure schematic diagram of guide support and the first hinged seat in the present invention;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of expansion link in the present invention;
Figure 12 is the structural representation of hydrogenerator in the present invention;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the supporting mechanism adopting branched structure in the present invention.
Label declaration in schematic diagram: 1, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater; 11, mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly; 12, flexible thin-film solar assembly; 121, rainwater-collecting mouth; 13, LED; 141, umbrella stand center-pole; 142, upper compression sleeve; 143, lower compression sleeve; 144, compression spring; 145, support wire; 15, base for fixing umbrella; 151, base water inlet; 152, inner sliding sleeve; 153, mozzle; 16, guide support; 161, guide support outlet; 17, the first hinged seat; 171, the first jointed shaft; 18, water delivery sleeve pipe; 181, center-pole connecting plate; 182, fair water sleeves; 2, folding driving mechanism; 21, expansion link outer tube; 22, pipe in expansion link; 23, angle connecting rod; 24, the second hinged seat; 25, expansion link driving mechanism; 3, supporting mechanism; 31, main strut; 32, the first support; 33, water flow pipes; 34, the second support; 41, base cabinet; 42, hydrogenerator; 421, water wheel motor bearing; 43, commutator; 44, controller; 45, accumulator; 46, drain pipe.
Detailed description of the invention
For further appreciating that present disclosure, the present invention is described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Embodiment 1
In conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment, including LED street lamp, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1, supporting mechanism 3 and control system, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 in the present embodiment is fixed on supporting mechanism 3, LED street lamp is arranged on photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 periphery, depends on photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 and arranges; Photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 utilize solar energy or or collect rainwater generate electricity, control system is provided with commutator and controller, for electric energy convert, the electric energy converted is stored in the accumulator 45 of control system and powers for LED street lamp.
Photovoltaic generation-the power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 of the present embodiment includes photovoltaic module and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, and under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism deployed condition, photovoltaic module accepts sunlight and generates electricity; Under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism collapse state, forming rainwater-collecting mouth 121, collected rainwater generates electricity through hydrogenerator 42.
Embodiment 2
In conjunction with Fig. 3, a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment, its basic structure is identical with embodiment 1, and it is different in that: umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism includes folding driving mechanism 2, umbrella stand center-pole 141, upper compression sleeve 142, lower compression sleeve 143, compression spring 144 and base for fixing umbrella 15. Described base for fixing umbrella 15 is slidably connected with umbrella stand center-pole 141, as shown in Figure 6, lower compression sleeve 143, compression spring 144 and upper compression sleeve 142 are sleeved on umbrella stand center-pole 141 from the bottom to top successively, and upper compression sleeve 142 fixes with umbrella stand center-pole 141, it is prevented that it slides up and down and causes that whole mechanism cannot launch. Being respectively connected with support wire 145 on described lower compression sleeve 143, upper compression sleeve 142, folding driving mechanisms control base for fixing umbrella 15 moves up and down and realizes gathering and the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism.
As shown in Figure 4, photovoltaic module in the present embodiment includes mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 and flexible thin-film solar assembly 12, support wire 145 in described umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is provided with waterproof cloth, structure according to umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is arranged, waterproof cloth may select different set-up modes, can be common waterproof material, it is possible to for elastomeric material or by stacking arrange can folding up and down.Waterproof cloth side upwards is provided with flexible thin-film solar assembly 12, waterproof cloth is divided into eight pieces by support wire 145, flexible thin-film solar assembly 12 is arranged on every piece of waterproof cloth, every piece of flexible thin-film solar assembly 12 is divided multirow to be attached on waterproof cloth by flexible thin-film solar cell band and forms, and time actually used, concrete line number and rainproof cloth number can select according to actual needs. Adopting serial or parallel connection mode to connect between flexible thin-film solar assembly 12, the present embodiment is preferably coupled in series.
Described mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 is arranged on the outer rim of waterproof cloth, when umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds, the adjacent outer intermarginal spacing of support wire 145 inherently reduces, therefore between adjacent support wire 145 top, it is provided with pull slide bar, mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 is arranged on pull slide bar, pull slide bar can be controlled by support wire 145 shorten or elongate, the length of mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 folds the spacing on rear adjacent support wire 145 top equal to umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, folding under collapse state at umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, each mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 will not interfere. Mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 is also classified into eight pieces of generating sheets and is arranged on waterproof cloth outer rim, coupled in series between generating sheet. Mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 and the produced electric energy of flexible thin-film solar assembly 12 are transmitted after confluxing, and store to accumulator after over commutation.
In the present embodiment, LED street lamp is light bar formula LED 13, it is possible to bending fold; This LED 13 is arranged in the outside on the downside of waterproof cloth with mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11, and every piece of waterproof cloth is provided with one; When umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds, flexible LED 13 will not be subject to the impact of fixed form. In order to ensure that LED 13 can be irradiated to ground, mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 is obliquely installed, and its angle with horizontal plane is 45~60 °, and this angle is also beneficial to accept sunlight on the upside of mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 and generate electricity.
It should be noted that, mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 with flexible thin-film solar assembly 12 are provided with humidity induction device and Photoinduction device, perceptual signal is transferred to the controller in control system by induction installation, then controller is issued corresponding execution signal driving umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism expansion or folds, and control LED 13 and open, close, Photoinduction device and humidity induction device are with the use of, it is achieved Based Intelligent Control.
Embodiment 3
In conjunction with Fig. 3, a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment, its basic structure is identical with embodiment 2, it is different in that: in the present embodiment, the set-up mode of mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 is different, mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 is made up of left and right two parts, mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 middle part is flexible folding, by knuckle mode shape in an angle, is similar to triangle both sides sum more than the 3rd limit principle. It should be noted that the length of mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 is identical with the spacing on adjacent support wire 145 top, it is ensured that after umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism launches, mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 is fully expanded. When umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism folds, adjacent support wire 145 top spacing reduces, mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly about 11 two parts towards with the bending of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism opposite direction and avoid interference with, not affecting umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism launches or folds, and does not affect the collection of rainwater simultaneously. This structural design has bigger light-receiving area relative to embodiment 2, and generating efficiency is higher.
Embodiment 4
A kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment, its basic structure is identical with embodiment 2, it is different in that: described umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is hinged with the main strut 31 in supporting mechanism 3 by guide support 16, described folding driving mechanism 2 includes expansion link and angle connecting rod 23, expansion link one end is hinged with main strut 31, base for fixing umbrella 15 and umbrella stand center-pole 141 are slidably connected, and control guide support 16 by expansion link driving mechanism 25 and swing.
More specifically, expansion link includes pipe 22 in expansion link outer tube 21 and expansion link, as shown in figure 11, is provided with expansion link driving mechanism 25 on expansion link outer tube 21, controls pipe 22 in expansion link by expansion link driving mechanism 25 and stretches. In addition, expansion link outer tube 21 is articulated and connected with main strut 31 by the second hinged seat 24, in expansion link, pipe 22 is connected with base for fixing umbrella 15 by angle connecting rod 23, and wherein angle connecting rod 23 outer end is hinged with pipe 22 in expansion link, and inner the fixing with base for fixing umbrella 15 of angle connecting rod 23 is connected. When in expansion link, pipe 22 stretches out, guide support 16 can swing to the right, and base for fixing umbrella 15 is pushed upwardly simultaneously, and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism launches; When in expansion link, pipe 22 folds, guide support 16 swings to the left, until stopping when being in vertical position, now rainwater-collecting mouth 121 is just upward, it is simple to rainwater-collecting.
Embodiment 5
In conjunction with Figure 13, a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment, its basic structure is identical with embodiment 4, it is different in that: the supporting mechanism 3 in the present embodiment includes main strut the 31, first support 32 and the second support 34, first support 32 and the second support 34 are the Liang Ge branches drawn by main strut 31, and both are oppositely arranged, guide support 16 is hinged with the main strut 31 in supporting mechanism 3, and expansion link and the second support 34 are hinged. This structural design and embodiment 4 have identical effect, simply have employed different supporting forms, make expansion link and guide support 16 apart from bigger, it is easy to controlling, during folding, the power of required offer is less.
Embodiment 6
In conjunction with Fig. 4, Fig. 5, a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment, its basic structure is identical with embodiment 4, it is different in that: in umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, base for fixing umbrella 15 is slidably connected by inner sliding sleeve 152 and umbrella stand center-pole 141, it is connected by grid between base for fixing umbrella 15 periphery and inner sliding sleeve 152, base water inlet 151 is formed between grid, in order to ensure water velocity, one base for fixing umbrella 15 has at least 5 base water inlets 151, the present embodiment is provided with 8. Base for fixing umbrella 15 lower end is connected to mozzle 153, and this mozzle 153 is connected with base water inlet 151. Mozzle 153 lower end coordinates with the water delivery sleeve pipe 18 being arranged on guide support 16 and dredges current and enter the internal cavities of guide support 16.
More specifically, referring to Fig. 8, Fig. 9, water delivery sleeve pipe 18 includes center-pole connecting plate 181 and fair water sleeves 182, and center-pole connecting plate 181 is arranged at equal intervals along water delivery sleeve side walls, and the inner side of center-pole connecting plate 181 is connected with umbrella stand center-pole 141. Adjacent center-pole connecting plate 181 forms flowing water entrance, and current can enter the internal cavities of guide support 16. Set fair water sleeves 182 is positioned at water delivery sleeve pipe 18 upper end, and its inwall radius differs 0.5~1.3mm with mozzle 153 outer edge radius.When base for fixing umbrella 15 is snapped down to bottommost, as shown in Figure 7, mozzle 153 can be easily inserted in fair water sleeves 182, and its bound fraction adds structural strength, when wind-force is bigger, the infringement to center-pole connecting plate 181 can be alleviated, form dual connection, ensure that the stability of structure, long service life.
Referring to Figure 10, two hinged legs of described guide support 16 are guide support outlet 161, being provided with the first hinged seat 17 on the first support 32, this first hinged seat 17 is picked up the ears to be arranged in parallel by two and is formed, two pick up the ears between part communicate with the inner chamber of the first support 32. First hinged seat 17 is transversely provided with the first jointed shaft 171, two hinged legs of guide support 16 block the first jointed shaft 171, and guide support outlet 161 connects with the water flow pipes 33 in the first support 32, the outlet of water flow pipes 33 leads to the water wheels of hydrogenerator 42, water impact water wheels rotate and generate electricity, it is achieved that utilize rainwater to generate electricity.
Embodiment 7
A kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating of the present embodiment, its basic structure is identical with embodiment 6, and it is different in that: be connected with base cabinet 41 bottom main strut 31; It is internal that control system and hydrogenerator 42 are arranged at base cabinet 41. Described control system includes commutator 43 and controller 44, and solar energy, wind-force, waterpower are generated electricity to pass in accumulator 45 through controller 44 after being rectified device 43 rectification and stores, and are powered to electrical equipment by accumulator 45. Hydrogenerator 42 is arranged on main strut 31 bottom, makes water wheels relative with water flow pipes 33, it is simple to hydroelectric generation. Being additionally provided with drain pipe 46 at base cabinet 41 sidewall, this drain pipe 46 connects the discharge outlet of hydrogenerator 42, is discharged by rainwater. Damage to prevent hydrogenerator 42 from making moist, as shown in figure 12, water wheel motor bearing 421 is set bottom hydrogenerator 42, to protect hydrogenerator 42.
Above example is not limited to cited content, between each scheme can organic assembling according to actual needs, for apparatus structure given above, its concrete using method is:
1), humidity induction device carries out signals collecting, and sends collection signal to controller 44;
2), controller 44 be operated mode decision according to moisture signal, if the moisture signal having more than 6 humidity induction devices is all judged to the rainy day, then umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is in the state of catchmenting; Otherwise it is in deployed condition. Umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is received to catchmenting in state procedure, expansion link driving mechanism 25 controls pipe 22 in expansion link and bounces back, base for fixing umbrella 15 is to umbrella stand center-pole 141 basal sliding, guide support 16 is near expansion link one side oscillation, when guide support 16 is positioned at vertical position, mozzle 153 snaps in fair water sleeves 182, can carry out rainwater-collecting; Collected rainwater is entered mozzle 153 by base water inlet 151, then between center-pole connecting plate 181, enter guide support 16 inner chamber, then through guide support outlet 161 ingoing stream pipe 33, finally flowing out the water wheels impacting hydrogenerator 42 to generate electricity, the rainwater after utilization is discharged by drain pipe 46.
In umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism expansion process, expansion link driving mechanism 25 controls pipe 22 in expansion link and stretches out, base for fixing umbrella 15 is to umbrella stand center-pole 141 top slide, guide support 16 is to away from expansion link one side oscillation, waterproof cloth launches, and mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly 11 and flexible thin-film solar assembly 12 can accept luminous energy and carry out photovoltaic generation.
3), after moisture signal judges, light intensity signal is judged by controller 44, if the light intensity signal having more than 5 Photoinduction devices is judged to that light source is sufficient, then LED 13 is closed; Otherwise LED 13 is opened.
4), photovoltaic generation and the produced electric energy of rain water electricity generating are through commutator 43 rectification, and electric energy is stored in accumulator 45 electricity supply and use equipment uses.
This mechanism always has mode of operation in 4, if moisture signal is shown as the rainy day, light intensity signal is high light, then be judged as that rain water electricity generating pattern works; If moisture signal is shown as the rainy day, light intensity signal is the low light level, then be judged as rainy day generating Night work, and while generating, LED 13 works. Light intensity signal is high light, then controller 44 controls photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater 1 for photovoltaic generation pattern; If moisture signal is normal, light intensity signal is the low light level, it is judged that for Night, LED 13 works.
When accumulator 45 electric power deficiency, it is possible to use resident powers and powers for LED 13; When electric power abundance, accumulator 45 can to being converted into residential electricity consumption.
The present invention can utilize solar energy to generate electricity under fair weather, generate electricity at rainy day available rainwater, it is ensured that under different weather, all can be normally carried out power generation operation, improve the utilization rate of the energy, it is easy to promote the use of, meets the policy requirements of national development new forms of energy.
Schematically the present invention and embodiment thereof being described above, this description does not have restricted, and shown in accompanying drawing is also one of embodiments of the present invention, and actual structure is not limited thereto. So, if those of ordinary skill in the art is enlightened by it, when without departing from the invention objective, design the frame mode similar to this technical scheme and embodiment without creationary, protection scope of the present invention all should be belonged to.

Claims (10)

1. the intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating, it is characterized in that: include LED street lamp, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater (1), supporting mechanism (3) and control system, described photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater (1) is fixed on supporting mechanism (3), LED street lamp is arranged on photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater (1) periphery, photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater (1) utilizes sunlight or collection rainwater to generate electricity, and the electric energy converted is stored in the accumulator (45) of control system and powers for LED street lamp.
2. a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described control system also includes commutator (43) and controller (44), solar energy, rainwater are generated electricity and are stored in controller passes to accumulator (45) after being rectified, and are powered to LED street lamp by accumulator (45).
3. a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described photovoltaic generation-power generation apparatus by rainwater (1) includes photovoltaic module and umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism, under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism deployed condition, photovoltaic module accepts sunlight and generates electricity; Under umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism collapse state, forming rainwater-collecting mouth (121), collected rainwater generates electricity through hydrogenerator (42).
4. a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism includes folding driving mechanism (2), umbrella stand center-pole (141), upper compression sleeve (142), lower compression sleeve (143), compression spring (144) and base for fixing umbrella (15), described base for fixing umbrella (15) and umbrella stand center-pole (141) are slidably connected, lower compression sleeve (143), compression spring (144) and upper compression sleeve (142) are sleeved on umbrella stand center-pole (141) from the bottom to top successively, and upper compression sleeve (142) fixes with umbrella stand center-pole (141),Being respectively connected with support wire (145) on described lower compression sleeve (143) and upper compression sleeve (142), folding driving mechanism (2) controls base for fixing umbrella (15) up and down motion and realizes gathering and the expansion of umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism.
5. a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described photovoltaic module includes mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly (11) and flexible thin-film solar assembly (12), the support wire (145) in described umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is provided with waterproof cloth; Waterproof cloth side upwards is provided with flexible thin-film solar assembly (12), and described mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly (11) is arranged on the outer rim of waterproof cloth by pull slide bar or knuckle mode; Described mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly (11) with flexible thin-film solar assembly (12) is provided with and controls Photoinduction device and the humidity induction device that system middle controller electrically connects.
6. a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described LED street lamp is light bar formula LED (13), this LED (13) is arranged in the outside on the downside of waterproof cloth with mono-crystalline silicon solar assembly (11).
7. a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described umbrella shape open-and-close mechanism is hinged with the main strut (31) in supporting mechanism (3) by guide support (16); Described folding driving mechanism (2) includes expansion link and angle connecting rod (23), expansion link one end is hinged with main strut (31), the telescopic end of expansion link is connected with base for fixing umbrella (15) by angle connecting rod (23), this base for fixing umbrella (15) and umbrella stand center-pole (141) are slidably connected, and control guide support (16) by expansion link driving mechanism (25) and swing.
8. a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described base for fixing umbrella (15) is slidably connected by inner sliding sleeve (152) and umbrella stand center-pole (141), forms at least 5 base water inlets (151) between base for fixing umbrella (15) periphery and inner sliding sleeve (152); Base for fixing umbrella (15) lower end is connected to mozzle (153), and this mozzle (153) coordinates with the water delivery sleeve pipe (18) being arranged on guide support (16) and dredges current and enter the internal cavities of guide support (16).
9. a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: two hinged legs of described guide support (16) are guide support outlet (161), this guide support outlet (161) connects with the water flow pipes (33) in main strut (31); The outlet of described water flow pipes (33) leads to the water wheels of hydrogenerator (42), and water impact water wheels rotate and generate electricity.
10. a kind of intelligent folding type LED street lamp utilizing photovoltaic-rain water electricity generating according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described control system and hydrogenerator (42) are arranged in base cabinet (41), the water inlet of hydrogenerator (42) connects with the outlet of water flow pipes (33).
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CN106382584A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-08 东莞市天合机电开发有限公司 Streetlamp with water collecting and draining function
CN108248428A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-07-06 孙加亮 A kind of charging pile using off-network photovoltaic generation
CN111256080A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-06-09 宁波市加合灯具有限公司 Energy-saving and rainproof solar LED lamp device
CN111928173A (en) * 2020-08-24 2020-11-13 青岛周识智能交通科技有限公司 Rain-shielding intelligent traffic street lamp with irrigation green belt function

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CN204141453U (en) * 2014-08-01 2015-02-04 王健 A kind of solar street light
CN204240248U (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-04-01 贵州航天风华实业有限公司 A kind of solar street light
CN205447602U (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-08-10 安徽工业大学 Intelligence of utilizing electricity generation of photovoltaic - rainwater formula LED street lamp of taking down exhibits

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CN204141453U (en) * 2014-08-01 2015-02-04 王健 A kind of solar street light
CN204127852U (en) * 2014-10-10 2015-01-28 郑润生 A kind of LED street lamp
CN204240248U (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-04-01 贵州航天风华实业有限公司 A kind of solar street light
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106382584A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-02-08 东莞市天合机电开发有限公司 Streetlamp with water collecting and draining function
CN106382584B (en) * 2016-11-30 2018-12-04 绍兴蓝能光伏科技有限公司 A kind of street lamp with the drain function that catchments
CN108248428A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-07-06 孙加亮 A kind of charging pile using off-network photovoltaic generation
CN111256080A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-06-09 宁波市加合灯具有限公司 Energy-saving and rainproof solar LED lamp device
CN111928173A (en) * 2020-08-24 2020-11-13 青岛周识智能交通科技有限公司 Rain-shielding intelligent traffic street lamp with irrigation green belt function

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