Elevator machinery garage jacking system
The present invention relates to a kind of Elevator machinery garage jacking system, belong to a kind of lifting means of multi-storied garage.
With the development and the appearance of skyscraper of building trade, the plot ratio of cell and Gongjian are generally large, and this just makes
Into the anxiety of parking stall, in order to alleviate the pressure that parking stall anxiety is brought, multi-storied garage is occurred in that, existing lifting type multi-storied garage can be with
It is divided into vertical lifting garage and lifting cross sliding type garage, in the classification of GBT26559-2011 mechanical parking equipments, vertical lift
Class and this two classes garage of planar movement class garage need garage vertical-lift equipment.Existing frequently-used vertical-lift equipment one
As for the hoisting way such as chain and rack, and generally Backpack type, these structures do not have balance weight, traction ratio to be 1:1 or 2:1,
Therefore the lifting force provided needed for motor is larger, power of motor is high, and motor cost is high, and motor volume is big, and overhead requires that space is big,
And because for Backpack type structure, gravity torque is big, high is required to civil engineering, and the reliability of these modes is relatively low, and flat bed
Precision is low, and operation noise is big；In order to solve the above problems, a kind of Elevator lift structure was occurred in that later, and this Elevator is carried
It is above to put the hoisting way of anti-rope directive wheel to rise structure, dynamical system and framework all residing for vehicle on plane, when need by
When vehicle is transported downwards from eminence gateway, it will require higher to overhead, and hinder vehicles while passing.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of Elevator machinery garage jacking system, to solve garage electricity of the prior art
Ladder type lift structure requires higher to overhead, and the problem of hinder vehicles while passing.
In order to realize the above object the present invention is adopted the following technical scheme that：A kind of Elevator machinery garage jacking system, bag
The main guide rail that hoistway four corners position is fixedly mounted is included, is slided by leading boots on main guide rail and is provided with rectangular carriage, supported
The both sides on the top of frame are fixedly installed on support pedal, carriage to be provided with after rise and support pedal between support pedal
Concordant lifting tray, the both sides of carriage are provided with four root posts on the outside of main guide rail, are in two of carriage side
Slidable fit on the counter weight guide track that interval is set, counter weight guide track is provided between guide rail balance weight, and two with counter weight guide track homonymy
Individual guide rail upper end is fixed with the wheel beam B for being provided with rope sheave, and two other guide rail upper end is fixed with the wheel beam A for being provided with rope sheave, one
The middle part of individual guide rail, which is provided with traction machine, the main shaft of traction machine, is provided with encoder, and encoder is transmitted with system board
It is connected, the side of support frame bottom is arranged at intervals with two anti-rope directive wheels, and the opposite side of the support frame bottom, which is also spaced, to be set
Two anti-rope directive wheels are equipped with, traction machine drives carriage and balance weight to lift by steel wire rope, and one end of carriage is between the upper and lower
Every the electromagnetic induction device for being fixed with the breach passed through with the magnetic isolation plate for supplying to be fixed on well enclosure, electromagnetic induction device
System board is transmitted a signal to, the other end of carriage is fixed with the normally opened contact-making switch for the level position installing for touching hoistway
With the plate that hits of normally closed contact-making switch contact, normally opened contact-making switch and normally closed contact-making switch are connected with system board transmission.
Described traction machine is arranged on a fast pulley beam B column, and the fag end drawn on traction machine is around third wheel
Led after two after directive wheel on beam B down around carriage one end directive wheels of instead restricting up around setting two on wheel beam A
It is fixed on wheel beam B, is drawn on traction machine upwards after two after to wheel down around carriage other end directive wheels of instead restricting
Balance counter restrict directive wheel of another fag end down around balance weight lower end thereof after the stable steering wheel on third wheel beam B is backward
On the anti-directive wheel of restricting of balance down around the balance weight bottom other end after another stable steering wheel on third wheel beam B it is backward
On be fixed on wheel beam B.
The front end of the both sides of described carriage is respectively arranged with triggering device, and the triggering device includes being fixed on support
The bearing pin that sleeve is stretched out at two ends is provided with sleeve on frame, sleeve, the bottom of bearing pin has and the spacing cooperation of sleeve
Limiting section, is provided with reseting pressuring spring between the upper end of bearing pin and sleeve, the upper end of bearing pin by corresponding support pedal upper table
Face is stretched out, and the lower end of bearing pin, which is fixed with the upward overhanging in free end and laterally inclined trigger board, support pedal, is hinged with one
Side, which is hinged on to be rotatably equipped with to roll with pressing plate when pressing plate is depressed on the pressing plate on support pedal, the upper end of bearing pin, to be coordinated
Roller bearing, the toggle switch that the plate that is triggered when pressing plate depresses bearing pin is stirred is provided with carriage at trigger board, is stirred out
Close and be connected with system board transmission, stop triangle is provided with front side of pressing plate on two support pedals.
The both sides of described lifting tray are respectively rotatably equipped with each bearing rolling in one group of bearing roller, one group of bearing roller
There are three bearing rollers in side arrangement of the post along lifting tray, one group of bearing roller.
It is described it is leading on be provided with upper limit position switch and lower position switch, carriage and be provided with for touching main guide rail
On limit switch and hitting for flat bed inductive switch bolt mechanism is fixed with bow, carriage and control bolt mechanism is flexible
Latch motor, main guide rail is provided with the fixing hole stretched into for bolt mechanism at correspondence level position.
Described leads boots for four groups, wherein two groups of sides for being arranged on support frame bottom, two groups are disposed on branch in addition
The opposite side of support frame bottom, one group of two led in boots lead boots between the upper and lower every laying.
It is in two of carriage side anti-rope directive wheels and is in two groups of homonymy and leads between boots.
Four anti-rope directive wheels are in the corner location of rectangle, are in the two of two anti-rope directive wheels of carriage the same side
The centerline collineation of individual rotating shaft.
Protrude outside the side of carriage and support platform the outer peripheral edge of described anti-rope directive wheel.
The collar tie beam and crossbeam of reinforcement are provided with the outside of described main guide rail.
The both sides of the Elevator machinery garage jacking system of the present invention are provided with four anti-rope directive wheels, such steel wire rope around
Four anti-rope directive wheels are crossed, the uniform force of whole hoistable platform, civil engineering structure will not be by eccentric gravitational moment, whole invention knot
Structure rationally, requires relatively low to civil engineering, in addition, the anti-rope directive wheel of the present invention is assemblied in support frame bottom, and drags
Draw machine to be integrally fixed on main guide rail, the top entirely invented need not set computer room, that is to say, that wheel beam A and wheel beam B are not required to
Any structure is assembled, carriage can rise to wheel beam A and wheel LiangBChu, that is, carriage can rise to and walking surface
Concordant position, requires relatively low, and facilitate vehicles while passing to overhead.
The present invention uses 4:The baudrier of 1 traction ratio, reduces the requirement to civil engineering, and helps to build top horizontal
The present invention when vehicle is moved at pressing plate, pressure wheel top board, pressing plate pass through roller bearing depress bearing pin, bearing pin gram
Take spring force to move down, at this moment trigger board also moves down the upper toggle switch of pressure, toggle switch will be signaled to control mainboard, point out
Whether in place, in place solve jacking system in the prior art can not judge vehicle to vehicle, if can carry out transporting dynamic up and down
The problem of making, and stop triangle is being provided with front side of pressing plate on two support pedals, stop is moved in the wheel of vehicle
When at triangle, vehicle can just stop, and can accurately determine where vehicle is stopping.
The both sides of the lifting tray of the present invention are respectively rotatably equipped with each bearing in one group of bearing roller, one group of bearing roller
Side arrangement of the roller along lifting tray, when entering car, such as automobile wanders off, and be will bear against on the inside of wheel on bearing roller, bearing rolling
The outside side roll of post plays a part of to correct track of vehicle, prevents inclination of vehicle.
The present invention's leads boots for four groups, wherein two groups of sides for being arranged on support frame bottom, two groups are disposed in addition
The opposite side of frame bottom is supported, one group of two led in boots leads boots between the upper and lower every laying, waits when in use, be in carriage both sides
Four groups lead boots and four main guide rails coordinate, whole invention stationarity in lifting process is more preferable.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the wiring schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment；
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the hoistable platform in Fig. 1；
Fig. 3 is the assembling schematic diagram of the main frames of composition such as main guide rail of the present utility model, column and wheel beam；
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the triggering device in Fig. 2；
Fig. 5 is the assembly structure figure of Fig. 2 middle sleeves, bearing pin and toggle switch and carriage.
A kind of embodiment of Elevator machinery garage jacking system, in Fig. 1-Fig. 5, four main guide rails 14 are in a square
The four corners position of shape, four root posts 21 are also at the four corners position of a rectangle, and the upper end of wherein two root posts 21 is fixed with wheel
Beam A15, the upper end of two root posts 21, which is fixed with, in addition takes turns beam B16, and wheel beam A15 is parallel with wheel beam B16, is set in the outside of main guide rail 14
Collar tie beam 23 and crossbeam 22 are equipped with, for strengthening main guide rail and wheel beam A and the framework of wheel beam B formation.Two for fast pulley beam B
Slidable fit on two counter weight guide tracks 17, counter weight guide track 17 is provided between column balance weight 18, at two of fast pulley beam B
Traction machine 19 is fixed with one in column.Encoder is installed, encoder is passed with system board on the main shaft of traction machine 19
It is defeated to be connected, the umber of pulse measured is passed into system board.On main guide rail 14 rectangular branch is provided with by leading boots slip
Support frame 1, wheel beam A and wheel beam B are in the both sides of carriage 1 respectively.That is, wheel beam A and wheel beam B are separately fixed at carriage
The main guide rail of both sides.Carriage 1 is rectangular, and support pedal 2, two are fixedly installed in the both sides of the top of carriage 1
Supportting the middle part of pedal 2 has the breach of a strip, and this indentation, there is provided with lifting tray 5, and lifting tray 5 is in
The top of carriage 1 can simultaneously be lifted relative to carriage 1, concordant with two support pedals 2 after the rising of lifting tray 5.Support
The side of frame 1 is arranged at intervals with two groups and leads boots 3, and the opposite side of carriage 1 is arranged at intervals with two groups and leads boots 3, that is to say, that support
The both sides of frame 1 have four groups and lead boots 3, lead boots 3 for one group and lead boots with two, the two are led and are arranged at intervals above and below boots.Under carriage 1
The side in portion is arranged at intervals with two anti-rope directive wheels 4, and the opposite side of the bottom of carriage 1 is also arranged at intervals with two anti-ropes and led
To wheel 4, it is in two of the side of carriage 1 anti-rope directive wheels 4 and is in two groups of homonymy and lead between boots 3, and an anti-rope is led
Boots 3 are led to wheel 4 with one group to be close to, another anti-directive wheel 4 of restricting is led boots 3 with another group and is close to.Four anti-rope directive wheels 4 are in square
The corner location of shape, is in the centerline collineation of two rotating shafts of two anti-rope directive wheels 4 of the same side of carriage 1.
The outer peripheral edge of anti-rope directive wheel 4 is protruded outside the side of carriage and support platform, so around being located at anti-rope
The steel wire rope in the outside of directive wheel 4 would not be interfered with carriage and support platform.
The fag end drawn on traction machine 19 is after the directive wheel on third wheel beam B16 down around the one end of carriage 1
It is anti-down around two of the carriage other end after two directive wheels up around being set on wheel beam A15 after two anti-rope directive wheels
It is fixed on upwards after rope directive wheel on wheel beam B, stable steering wheel of another fag end drawn on traction machine 19 on third wheel beam B
Afterwards down around after the anti-rope directive wheel of balance of the lower end thereof of balance weight 18 up around another stable steering wheel on wheel beam B
It is fixed on afterwards down around upward after the anti-directive wheel of restricting of balance of the balance weight bottom other end on wheel beam B16.
Triggering device is provided with the both sides of carriage 1, triggering device is in one end of carriage 1, the end is front end.Touch
The sleeve 7 of transmitting apparatus is securely fitted on carriage 1, slip is provided with bearing pin 8 in sleeve 7, the two ends of bearing pin 8 are equal
Stretched out in from sleeve 7, the front portion of the endoporus of sleeve 7 is provided with the reset step surface towards upper end, is arranged with the upper end of bearing pin 8
Reseting pressuring spring 9, the inner top pressure of reseting pressuring spring 9 is on step surface is resetted, in the upper end of bearing pin 8 on the surface of support pedal 2
Stretch out, roller bearing 10 is rotatably equipped with the upper end of bearing pin 8, roller bearing 10 is perpendicular to bearing pin 8, the outer end top pressure of reseting pressuring spring 9
In the two ends of roller bearing 10.Pressing plate 11 is hinged with support pedal 2, the side of pressing plate 11 is hinged on support pedal 2, pressure
The side that plate 11 is hinged with support pedal 2 is the side of one end that triggering device is provided with close to carriage 1.Roller bearing 10 and pressing plate
11 top pressures coordinate, and when pressing plate 11 is depressed, roller bearing 10 is rolled with pressing plate 11 and coordinated.Support pedal 2 is arranged on the position of pressing plate 11
With groove, pressing plate 11 is at the notch of groove.Stretched out in bearing pin 8 at the lower end of sleeve 7 and be fixedly installed trigger board 12, touched
One end of hair plate 12 is fixed on bearing pin 8, and the other end of trigger board 12 freely overhangs, and the free end of trigger board 12 overhangs simultaneously upwards
Tilt laterally, upper surface and the spacing cooperation of sleeve 7 of trigger board 12 prevent bearing pin 8 from deviating from sleeve 7.On carriage 1
Toggle switch 13 is provided with, when bearing pin 8 is depressed by pressing plate 11, the toggle switch 13 that trigger board 12 can be stirred.
Stop triangle 20 is provided with two support pedals 2, stops that triangle 20 is in the front side of pressing plate 11.
Respectively being rotatably equipped with the both sides of lifting tray 5 in one group of bearing roller, one group of bearing roller has three bearings
Side arrangement of three bearing rollers along lifting tray 5 in roller 6, one group of bearing roller.
Two electromagnetic induction devices are provided with one termination of carriage 1, two electromagnetic induction devices are between the upper and lower every solid
Fixed to set, the outside of electromagnetic induction device has a breach, electromagnetic induction device with carriage move when, it is fixed on well enclosure
Magnetic isolation plate can be by the breach of electromagnetic induction device.
The other end of carriage 1, which is installed with, hits plate, and normally opened contact-making switch is provided with the level position in hoistway
With normally closed contact-making switch, when carriage reaches level position, hitting plate can be while knocks normally opened contact-making switch and normally closed contact is held
Close, normally opened contact-making switch and normally closed contact-making switch are connected with system board transmission, and after touching, normally opened contact-making switch starts
Signal is sent to system board, and normally closed contact-making switch then no longer sends signal to system board, both verify each other, when normally opened
When the signal of contact-making switch and normally closed contact-making switch changes, carriage is pointed out in place, prevent because system error is in branch
When support frame does not reach level position, what vehicle was outputed and caused falls.
The operation principle of electromagnetic induction device is as follows：
Electromagnetic induction device is used cooperatively with encoder, for correcting coder error, is lost because encoder might have
Lose pulse.The reason for pulse-losing 1：Because the skidding of steel wire rope traction, actually having operation, still rotor is not moved, so pulse
It is few；2. encoder photoelectric device and failure, missing or pulse entanglement.
Flat bed sensing device positioning principle be：Two electromagnetic induction devices, two electromagnetic inductors are fixed with carriage
It is arranged at intervals above and below part, hoistway is equipped with an iron magnetic isolation plate in every layer of fixed bit.When carriage operation prepares flat bed
Wait, mainboard will slow down according to the rate curve control system in memory, run to some position, at this moment one of electromagnetic induction
When part senses fixed magnetic isolation plate, the umber of pulse that the corresponding self study in this position is acquired is constant, this signal feedback
To control mainboard, mainboard is contrasted real-time pulse number with the umber of pulse in memory, while continuing according to the speed in memory
Curve motion, then proceedes to run a segment distance, then senses another magnetic isolation plate, Data correction is carried out again, then according to
Predetermined speed curve stop motion, the final position for ensureing to stop is accurate.
Upper limit position switch and lower position switch are provided with main guide rail 14, is provided with carriage 1 for touching master
What the hitting of upper limit position switch on guide rail was additionally provided with the flat bed inductive switch that touches on main guide rail on bow, carriage 1 hits bow.
Bolt mechanism and latch motor are fixed with carriage 1, latch motor can control bolt mechanism to stretch, right on main guide rail 5
The fixing hole stretched into for bolt mechanism should be provided with the place of level position.
The present embodiment does not provide the specific fixing assembling structure for leading boots and anti-rope directive wheel, both fixing assembling structures
For assembling structure of the prior art, belong to the common knowledge of those skilled in the art, will not be described in detail herein.