CN105638515B - A kind of ecological circulation freshwater aquaculture method - Google Patents

A kind of ecological circulation freshwater aquaculture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105638515B
CN105638515B CN201410636547.0A CN201410636547A CN105638515B CN 105638515 B CN105638515 B CN 105638515B CN 201410636547 A CN201410636547 A CN 201410636547A CN 105638515 B CN105638515 B CN 105638515B
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China
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water
pond
sewage
aquaculture
filtration
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CN201410636547.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105638515A (en
Inventor
任树岭
杜永珍
周书洪
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天津市滨海新区塘沽金岛养殖有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of ecological circulation freshwater aquaculture method, preparation including cultivating water source, the water supply of aquaculture pond, the filtering of water body, the several steps of the processing of sewage, several described aquaculture ponds are arranged successively to form aquaculture pond group from left to right, and each aquaculture pond is connected in parallel in the aquaculture pond group and filtering ponds, processing pond, sedimentation basin, biological packet, aeration tank, sterilization pool form recirculation system;Using the ecological circulation freshwater aquaculture method, the water body of whole system is made to form benign cycle, water resource has been saved in the growth of freshwater fish & shrimp preferably, has apparent ecological environment benefit.

Description

A kind of ecological circulation freshwater aquaculture method
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of aquaculture, more particularly, to a kind of ecological circulation freshwater aquaculture method.
Background technique
Currently, China is under the situation for the environment that economizes on resources, protects, ecologic breeding mode is advocated energetically, and it is traditional Pond culture ecological environment with natural rivers, lake Complex Ecological Systems compared with, it appears it is more fragile, lack duration from Net energy power is no longer satisfied the needs of social development, and still there are many technical problem is urgently to be resolved.Traditional breeding way due to The restriction of many conditions, unreasonable structure, the ingesting of fishes and shrimps are metabolized and survival activity is in the same pond waters, constantly Fertilising, bait throwing in and fishes and shrimps metabolism, make limited water body gradually lose its reduction and restore function, usually there is wawter bloom in pond Phenomenon, wawter bloom cover the water surface, and dissolved oxygen in water is caused to reduce, and influence culturing fish and shrimp growth, if taking no action to, wawter bloom will be rotten Rotten decomposition consumes oxygen, deteriorates water quality, and then, the harmful substances such as hydrogen sulfide, ammonia nitrogen increase severely, and the animals and plants of cultivation are also because of poisoning With anoxic and it is dead, collapse entire pond ecosystem, cause huge economic losses, so constrain breeding level into one Step improves and industrialization.Therefore, the dynamic material balance of pond input and output, the cultivation of pond scale pond and water quality are maintained Regulation excavates resource potential and carries out scientific culture, becomes the critical issue for solving pond ecosystem.Traditional freshwater aquiculture mould Formula is no longer satisfied the development of modern farming, and the quality and economic benefit for how improving freshwater aquiculture are imperative.
Summary of the invention
The problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide one kind to follow badly using water resource, and purifying water effect is ideal, energy conservation and environmental protection, automatically Blowdown reduces pathogen growth, reduces aquaculture cost, enhances cultivation water environment stability, realizes scientific culture, improves cultivation quality With the ecological circulation freshwater aquaculture method of yield.
Above-mentioned technical problem is solved, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that: a kind of ecological circulation freshwater aquaculture method, packet It includes:
(1) it cultivates water source: the geothermal well of the water tank for supplying fresh water and supply GEOTHERMAL WATER is connected to distribution reservoir by pipeline, Fresh water and GEOTHERMAL WATER are deployed into the temperature suitable for cultivation in distribution reservoir;The distribution reservoir is connect by pipeline with cultivation greenhouse, And it supplies water to cultivation greenhouse;
(2) water supply of cultivation greenhouse: cultivation greenhouse includes several aquaculture ponds, several described aquaculture ponds are from left to right successively Arrangement forms aquaculture pond group, and the water outlet of the distribution reservoir is equipped with vibration means for main pipe for supplying water road, passes through each point drawn on vibration means for main pipe for supplying water road Branch water-supply-pipe connect completion with each aquaculture pond and supplies water;Water return pipeline is arranged in the bottom of pond center of the aquaculture pond, and water source passes through this time Waterpipe flows into filtration system;
(3) filter: filtration system include by-pass filtration pond, secondary filtration pond, three-stage filtration pond, biology packet, aeration tank and Sterilization pool: the by-pass filtration is that aquaculture pond is carried out first time mistake by the first strainer by the return water that water return pipeline gives off Filter, the sewage generated after separation are input to sewage disposal system by sewage conduct and are purified, and the purified water after separation passes through Backwater main pipeline enters secondary filtration pond and carries out second of filtering by the second strainer, and the sewage after separation passes through sewage conduct again The secondary sewage disposal system that is sent to is purified, and the purified water after separation is transported to three-stage filtration pond and is carried out by third strainer Third time filters, and the three-level sewage after separation is transported to sewage treatment cell system by sewage conduct and is purified, and will finally divide Purified water from after is transported to biological packet;
It is provided in the biology packet and installs zeolite respectively, active carbon, is attached with the beneficial bacterium Nutrient medium to purify water Filled column, purified water are transported to aeration tank oxygenation after passing through biological packet processing, and aeration tank is connected to sterilization pool, sterilization pool and water distribution Pond connection, the purified water after oxygenation, which flows into sterilization pool, sterilizes, and subsequently flows into spare in distribution reservoir;
(4) sewage treatment: sewage disposal system includes coagulation pond, two stage treatment pond;The coagulation pond water inlet End is connect by sewage conduct with filtration system, and cultivation has the shellfish of purified water in the coagulation pond, and purified water is through level-one Two stage treatment pond is flowed by pipeline after processing pond processing;
The water plant and algae for being used for purified water are cultivated in the two stage treatment pond;By treated in two stage treatment pond purification Water is sent into sedimentation basin precipitating through pipeline, and sedimentation basin is connected with distribution reservoir by pipeline, and that completes cultivation water resource follows bad utilization.
The by-pass filtration pond, secondary filtration pond and three-stage filtration pond pool aottom center are all provided with by sewage pipe, on the sewage pipe Equipped with sewage draining valve.
The strainer mesh number of first strainer, the second strainer and third strainer is gradually increased.
Described biology packet every square metre 60~90, hanging filler column.
Aerator is installed in the bottom of the aeration tank, and foam fraction factor leakage is provided on the pool wall adjacent with sterilization pool of the aeration tank Bucket.
It is provided with chlorination equipment in the sterilization pool, which includes quartz socket tube, quartz burner and caisson; It is provided with the mounting hole of distribution on caisson, will be equipped in the mounting hole of quartz socket tube insertion caisson of quartz burner.
The beneficial bacterium to purify water includes bacillus and nitrobacteria.
The cultivation greenhouse may include several columns aquaculture pond group.
Due to the adoption of the above technical scheme, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
(1) several pond structures in parallel are simple and compact, can cultivate different types of fishes and shrimps, facilitate management and fish for.
(2) water body flowed through is carried out physical filtering by the filter screen that the three-level mesh number in filtering ponds is gradually reduced, after filtering Sediment pass through two-stage treatment pond, carry out entering sedimentation basin after purifying again by shellfish and algae, accumulation is to a certain extent After carrying out blowdown, the irrigation which can be planted is completed breeding wastewater and is recycled.
(3) water body for flowing into biology packet can flow through the filled column of several suspensions, be filled with zeolite, active carbon in the condiment column Or it is attached with the Nutrient medium of the beneficial bacterium to purify water, subtle excrement, residual ear etc. will be remained in water and is adsorbed and is decomposed, and are exposed Mechanism of qi can be endlessly oxygenated into water by gas vent, improve the keeping situation of water body, support entire water body uniform;Together When sterilized by ultraviolet radiator, deep purifying is carried out to the water body that flows through;And on the pool wall adjacent with sterilization pool of aeration tank The foam fraction factor funnel of installation, can the operation of isolated aeration machine when a large amount of foams for generating, since foam surface adsorbs impurities in water, And impurity is separated with foam, therefore also plays the effect to purify water.
(4) the ecological circulation freshwater aquaculture method makes the water body of whole system form benign cycle, freshwater fish & shrimp preferably Growth, realize " zero-emission " of breeding wastewater, saved water resource, have apparent ecological environment benefit, meet country The strategy of sustainable development.
The present invention, which has, to be followed badly using water resource, and purifying water effect is ideal, energy conservation and environmental protection, reduces pathogen growth, reduces and cultivates The advantages of cost enhances cultivation water environment stability, realizes scientific culture, improve cultivation quality and yield.
Detailed description of the invention
It is specifically described the present invention below with reference to attached drawing and in conjunction with example, advantages of the present invention and implementation will It is more obvious, wherein content only for the purpose of explanation of the present invention shown in attached drawing, without constitute to it is of the invention in all senses On limitation, in the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is flow chart of the invention
Fig. 2 is aquaculture pond arrangement architecture schematic diagram of the present invention
Specific embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of ecological circulation freshwater aquaculture method of the present invention, firstly, by supply fresh water water tank and The geothermal well of supply GEOTHERMAL WATER is connected to distribution reservoir by pipeline, is deployed into fresh water and GEOTHERMAL WATER in distribution reservoir and is suitable for cultivation Temperature;The distribution reservoir is connect by pipeline with cultivation greenhouse, and is supplied water to cultivation greenhouse;Cultivation greenhouse includes several cultivation Pond, several described aquaculture ponds are arranged successively to form aquaculture pond group from left to right, and the water outlet of the distribution reservoir is equipped with the master that supplies water Pipeline connect completion with each aquaculture pond by each branch's water-supply-pipe drawn on vibration means for main pipe for supplying water road and supplies water;The pond of the aquaculture pond Water return pipeline is arranged in bottom center, and water source flows into filtration system by the water return pipeline;Filtration system includes by-pass filtration pond, second level Filtering ponds, three-stage filtration pond, biology packet, aeration tank and sterilization pool: the by-pass filtration pond, secondary filtration pond and three-stage filtration pond Pool aottom center is all provided with by sewage pipe, which is equipped with sewage draining valve;By-pass filtration is to arrange aquaculture pond by water return pipeline The return water of releasing carries out first time filtering by 80 the first strainers of purpose, and the sewage generated after separation is input to by sewage conduct Sewage disposal system is purified, and the purified water after separation enters secondary filtration pond by backwater main pipeline and passes through 120 purposes the Two strainers carry out second and filter, and the sewage after separation is again fed to sewage disposal system by sewage conduct and is purified, Purified water after separation is transported to three-stage filtration pond, third time filtering is carried out by the third strainer of 160 mesh, three after separation Grade sewage is transported to sewage treatment cell system by sewage conduct and is purified, and the purified water after separation is finally transported to biology Packet;Be provided in the biology packet install respectively zeolite, active carbon, be attached with 80 of the beneficial bacterium Nutrient medium to purify water/ The filled column of square meter, purified water are transported to aeration tank by aerator oxygenation, in aerator air inlet pipe after passing through biological packet processing It is inside passed through pure oxygen, the dissolved oxygen content of recirculated water is made to reach 30mm/L or more, to guarantee to have enough oxygen in crawl.It starts Aerator makes water reach fluidized state, and surface forms foam, and aeration tank is connected to sterilization pool, in the pond adjacent with sterilization pool Foam fraction factor funnel is installed on wall and separates foam;Sterilization pool is connected to distribution reservoir, and the purified water after oxygenation is flowed into sterilization pool and killed Bacterium can kill virus, bacterium and the protozoan in water, so far water completes total system after ultraviolet lamp disinfection Purified treatment, subsequently flow into spare in distribution reservoir;
The sewage isolated from filtration system enters sewage disposal system, and the sewage disposal system includes coagulation Pond, two stage treatment pond;Coagulation pond water inlet end is connect by sewage conduct with filtration system, in the coagulation pond Cultivation has the spiral shell of purified water, and by the natural drainage habit of spiral shell, muddy sewage water filtration is purified, purified water through level-one at It manages and two stage treatment pond is flowed by pipeline after pond is handled;The algae for being used for purified water, these algaes are cultivated in the two stage treatment pond The rich nutritive material in water is absorbed and utilized in class, and the degradation of pollutant in water is purified, water is made to reach the standard that can be breeded fish again;It is logical It crosses two stage treatment pond treated purified water and be sent into sedimentation basin precipitating through pipeline, sedimentation basin is connected with distribution reservoir by pipeline, That completes cultivation water resource follows bad utilization.
The embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above, but content is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, It should not be considered as limiting the scope of the invention.All changes and improvements made in accordance with the scope of the present invention, should all It still belongs within this patent covering scope.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of ecological circulation freshwater aquaculture method, it is characterised in that: include:
(1) it cultivates water source: the geothermal well of the water tank for supplying fresh water and supply GEOTHERMAL WATER being connected to distribution reservoir by pipeline, is being matched Fresh water and GEOTHERMAL WATER are deployed into the temperature suitable for cultivation in pond;The distribution reservoir is connect by pipeline with cultivation greenhouse, and to Cultivation greenhouse supplies water;
(2) water supply of cultivation greenhouse: cultivation greenhouse includes several aquaculture ponds, several described aquaculture ponds are arranged successively from left to right Aquaculture pond group is formed, the water outlet of the distribution reservoir is equipped with vibration means for main pipe for supplying water road, defeated by each branch drawn on vibration means for main pipe for supplying water road Water pipe connect completion with each aquaculture pond and supplies water;Water return pipeline is arranged in the bottom of pond center of the aquaculture pond, and water source passes through the return pipe Road flows into filtration system;
(3) filter: filtration system includes by-pass filtration pond, secondary filtration pond, three-stage filtration pond, biology packet, aeration tank and sterilization Pond: the by-pass filtration is that aquaculture pond is carried out first time filtering by the first strainer by the return water that water return pipeline gives off, The sewage generated after separation is input to sewage disposal system by sewage conduct and is purified, and the purified water after separation passes through return water Main pipeline enters secondary filtration pond and carries out second of filtering by the second strainer, and the sewage after separation is sent again by sewage conduct Enter to sewage disposal system and purified, the purified water after separation is transported to three-stage filtration pond, third is carried out by third strainer Secondary filtering, the three-level sewage after separation are transported to sewage treatment cell system by sewage conduct and are purified, after finally separating Purified water be transported to biological packet;
Installation zeolite, active carbon, the filler for being attached with the beneficial bacterium Nutrient medium to purify water respectively is provided in the biology packet Column, purified water are transported to aeration tank oxygenation after passing through biological packet processing, and aeration tank is connected to sterilization pool, and sterilization pool and distribution reservoir connect Logical, the purified water after oxygenation, which flows into sterilization pool, sterilizes, and subsequently flows into spare in distribution reservoir;
(4) sewage treatment: sewage disposal system includes coagulation pond, two stage treatment pond;Coagulation pond water inlet end is logical It crosses sewage conduct to connect with filtration system, cultivation has the shellfish of purified water in the coagulation pond, and purified water is through coagulation Two stage treatment pond is flowed by pipeline after the processing of pond;
The water plant and algae for being used for purified water are cultivated in the two stage treatment pond;By treated in two stage treatment pond purified water warp Pipeline is sent into sedimentation basin precipitating, and sedimentation basin is connected with distribution reservoir by pipeline, and that completes cultivation water resource follows bad utilization;
The by-pass filtration pond, secondary filtration pond and three-stage filtration pond pool aottom center are all provided with by sewage pipe, which is equipped with Sewage draining valve;
The strainer mesh number of first strainer, the second strainer and third strainer is gradually increased;
Described biology packet every square metre 60~90, hanging filler column;
Aerator is installed in the bottom of the aeration tank, is provided with foam fraction factor funnel on the pool wall adjacent with sterilization pool of the aeration tank;
It is provided with chlorination equipment in the sterilization pool, which includes quartz socket tube, quartz burner and caisson;Anti- It is provided with the mounting hole of distribution on water tank, will be equipped in the mounting hole of quartz socket tube insertion caisson of quartz burner;
The beneficial bacterium to purify water includes bacillus and nitrobacteria.
CN201410636547.0A 2014-11-12 2014-11-12 A kind of ecological circulation freshwater aquaculture method CN105638515B (en)

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CN107484694B (en) * 2017-07-27 2021-01-12 广西壮族自治区水产科学研究院 Method and device for ecologically co-culturing caulerpa lentillifera and fishes and shrimps
CN108450393B (en) * 2018-03-26 2020-12-22 华南理工大学 Exchange water purification unit of breeding pond
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