CN105625549B - A kind of multifunction system for oozing worry available for sponge urban rainwater, harvesting and purifying - Google Patents

A kind of multifunction system for oozing worry available for sponge urban rainwater, harvesting and purifying Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105625549B
CN105625549B CN201610149617.9A CN201610149617A CN105625549B CN 105625549 B CN105625549 B CN 105625549B CN 201610149617 A CN201610149617 A CN 201610149617A CN 105625549 B CN105625549 B CN 105625549B
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charcoal
rainwater
layer
delaying basin
gravel
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CN201610149617.9A
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CN105625549A (en
Inventor
韩建刚
范弟武
朱咏莉
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China soil construction Limited by Share Ltd
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Nanjing Forestry University
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F1/00Methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage or storm water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/10Collecting-tanks; Equalising-tanks for regulating the run-off; Laying-up basins
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F5/00Sewerage structures
    • E03F5/10Collecting-tanks; Equalising-tanks for regulating the run-off; Laying-up basins
    • E03F5/102Collecting-tanks; Equalising-tanks for regulating the run-off; Laying-up basins using already existing parts of the sewer system for runoff-regulation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/001Runoff or storm water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F2201/00Details, devices or methods not otherwise provided for
    • E03F2201/10Dividing the first rain flush out of the stormwater flow
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/30Flood prevention; Flood or storm water management, e.g. using flood barriers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of multifunction system for oozing worry available for sponge urban rainwater, harvesting and purifying, including:Biological delaying basin and water storage well.Correct position is chosen first, excavates biological delaying basin foundation ditch and water storage well, and the laying opening vertical curb band at the cm of biological delaying basin road surface both sides 5 ~ 10.The biological delaying basin includes successively from top to bottom:Gravel mulch layer, vegetation planting soil layer, charcoal packing layer and gravel drainage blanket, and lay barrier film in surrounding and bottom.Overflow pipe is laid in gravel drainage blanket, upper end overfall is higher by the cm of gravel mulch layer 5 ~ 10, lower termination municipal drain net.System fortune can be used in the ground such as residential quarter, campus, parking lot, park, road, rainwater can not only be stored, moreover it is possible to reduce the pollutant loads such as nitrogen phosphorus in rainwater, heavy metal, reach the purpose of recycling, it is final effectively to alleviate urban waterlogging, and improve research advances.

Description

A kind of multifunction system for oozing worry available for sponge urban rainwater, harvesting and purifying
Technical field
The invention belongs to urban rainwater accumulation and purification techniques field, and in particular to be that a kind of can be used for sponge city Rainwater diafiltration, harvest and purification multifunctional system regions.
Technical background
Sponge city refers to that city can have as sponge adapting to environmental change and reply natural calamity etc. Good " elasticity ", during rainfall " infiltration, water storage, water purification ", it is necessary to when by the water " release " of accumulation and be used.In recent years, Taken place frequently as extreme weather is multiple, many cities in China meet with generally existing waterlogging phenomenon after heavy showers.Recently, " sponge city " Theory attracted attention more and more in terms of solving urban waterlogging, be written into construction plan successively.Conventional China administers city The method and thinking of city's waterlogging are relatively easy, lay particular emphasis on more pursue large area hardening road surface, set up and facility oozed under expanding and Subsoil drain etc., but these simply carry out space transfer to rainwater in a straightforward manner, still fall within the forced-ventilated to rainwater. Sunk type greenery patches, the infiltration pool, wet pool etc. start to attract attention and built rapidly in recent years, because filler is relatively single, although Accelerate and oozed under rainwater to a certain extent, but be difficult to effectively store rainwater, and rainwater is purified and is used.Cause This, research and development can efficiently, persistently ensure rainwater infiltration, store, purify, the multi-function device of reuse and system be to sponge The construction in city seems particularly necessary.
Therefore, the present invention is that a kind of rainwater available for sponge city is percolated, harvested and purification multifunctional system, Ke Yiyou Urban rainwater and rainwash, while purifying rainwater are stored to effect, may finally effectively alleviate urban waterlogging, saving water resource, Improve research advances.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of multi-functional system for oozing worry available for sponge urban rainwater, harvesting and purifying System, with solve the problems, such as urban rainwater be not easy during being accumulated and being accumulated caused by secondary pollution.The final mesh of the present invention Be to store, purify and recycle urban rainwater or rainwash, alleviate urban waterlogging, saving water resource, improve rainwater Utilization ratio.
To solve above technical problem, the concrete technical scheme that the present invention uses is as follows:
A kind of multifunction system for oozing worry available for sponge urban rainwater, harvesting and purifying, it is characterised in that:Including biology Delaying basin and water storage well;
The biological delaying basin includes successively from top to bottom:Gravel mulch layer, vegetation planting soil layer, charcoal packing layer and Gravel drainage blanket;Meanwhile lay 3~5cm barrier films in the inside circumference of biological delaying basin and bottom;The charcoal is filled out The bed of material includes charcoal filler device and charcoal improved soil;
The vegetation planting soil layer is separated by with charcoal packing layer by geotextiles;The gravel drainage blanket lays spilling water Pipe, upper end connection overfall, lower end are connected to municipal drainage pipe network;The biological delaying basin both sides are respectively arranged with water storage well, The construction specification and quantity of water storage well are according to local rainfall or the construction scale of flow path surface and biological delaying basin throughout the year And determine;The water storage well is connected by underground piping with gravel drainage blanket, rainwater after being purified for storage.
The water storage well is used for rainwater after storage purification;The biological delaying basin connects with water storage well;In biological delaying basin Opening vertical curb band is equipped with 5~10cm of road surface both sides, as the water inlet of biological delaying basin, while retains some bodies The larger material (such as branch, polybag) of product.
The vegetation planting soil layer soil is charcoal improved soil, i.e., by soil and charcoal by volume 9:1 is carried out Soil after being sufficiently mixed, thickness are 20~30cm, on the one hand the soil after improvement is easy to rainwater infiltration, are on the other hand beneficial to plant The growth of thing;The charcoal is to be burnt by rice husk, stalk, weeds or forest leftover bits and pieces under starvation through 300~600 DEG C After be prepared.
The gravel mulch thickness degree is 3~5cm, to buffer rainwater to the direct of vegetation planting soil layer and vegetation root Souring.
The charcoal filler device is made by cement material, and pressure-bearing, voltage endurance capability are good, securely and reliably;Specification is:Long × Width × height=50cm × 50cm × 60cm, wall thickness are 3~5cm;12 permeable circular holes are uniformly opened in each face of charcoal filler device, Permeable Circularhole diameter is 8~10cm, and the adjacent permeable circular hole heart is away from for 15 ± 1cm;Filling charcoal in charcoal filler device 42.2±8.1kg;Simultaneously to prevent charcoal particle from being spilt from permeable circular hole, the surrounding place mat one on the inside of charcoal filler device Layer geotextiles;Charcoal filler device is spaced with the charcoal improved soil that thickness is 5~10cm.
Gravel drainage blanket thickness is 10~20cm, and the overfall of overflow pipe upper end is higher by 5~10cm of gravel mulch layer.
Diafiltration of the present invention to rainwater, harvest and purification process is:When rainwater flows into biological delaying basin, first with opening Vertical curb band and the contact of biological delaying basin gravel mulch layer, larger material are intercepted, and subsequent rainwater infiltration is through vegetation planting soil Layer obtains preliminary purification, then through geotextiles, continues on through charcoal packing layer, be able to thoroughly accumulate and purify;Through charcoal Rainwater after packing layer is entered by gravel drainage blanket in the water storage well of both sides, and the construction specification and quantity of water storage well should be according to Determined according to local rainfall or the construction scale of flow path surface and biological delaying basin throughout the year.When running into rainstorm weather, portion Rainwater is divided to enter by overfall through overflow pipe in municipal drainage pipe network.
Rainwater after present invention purification can be used for sprinkling road surface, plant and cleaning vehicle etc..
The present invention has beneficial effect.The present invention is by using soil-plant-charcoal GC-MS so that the system Not only there is good water storage performance, also there is purification function efficiently, inexpensive;The present invention improves by using through charcoal Soil afterwards so that soil layer construction is more loose, is on the one hand advantageous to ooze under rainwater, while it is preliminary net make it that rainwater obtains Change, improve the efficiency further purified;The present invention is by using rainwater backflow and water storage system (water storage well) so that after purification Rainwater, which can be used as pouring, spills road surface, cleaning vehicle and sprinkling vegetation etc., substantially increases the resource utilization efficiency of rainwater;The present invention By using modular charcoal filler device, appropriate charcoal need to be only placed in filler device, then fill filler Put equidistant arrangement so that convenient and flexible operation, that is, throw and use, without any power, there is stronger practicality;The present invention passes through The charcoal being prepared using rice husk, stalk, weeds, forest leftover bits and pieces the like waste, abundant raw materials, and substantially reduce Cost;The present invention by using charcoal as filler, not only absorption property is good for charcoal, moreover it is possible to anti-oxidant, antidecomposition, So that charcoal can retain decades even years up to a hundred, durable in soil, also substantially reduce the maintenance of system into This.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the plan of present system
Fig. 2 is the side view of present system
Fig. 3 is the front view of present system
Fig. 4-1 is the charcoal filler device figure of present system
Fig. 4-2 is the charcoal filler device front view of present system
Fig. 4-3 is the charcoal filler device side view of the system
Fig. 4-4 is the charcoal filler device top view of present system
In figure, 1- ground, 2- opening vertical curb bands, 3- biology delaying basins, 4- charcoal filler devices, 5- charcoals, 6- Barrier film, 7- water storage wells, 8- gravel mulch layers, 9- vegetation planting soil layers, 10- geotextiles, 11- gravel drainage blankets, 12- overflows Mouthful, 13- overflow pipes connect municipal drainage pipe network, 14- infiltration apertures, the permeable circular holes of 15-
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings with specific embodiment to making those skilled in the art that the present invention, but the present invention be more fully understood It is not limited only to this.
The present invention is percolated for a kind of rainwater available for sponge city, harvest with purification multifunctional system, can be lived in resident Quarter, university campus, parking lot, park, road etc. set up this system, specifically include following steps:
The relatively low position of suitable physical features is chosen first, rain after excavating the biological foundation ditch of delaying basin 3 and being purified for storage The water storage well 7 of water;
(1) the vertical curb band 2 of opening is laid at 5~10cm of road surface both sides in biological delaying basin 3, is biological delaying basin 3 water inlet, while retain the larger material of some volumes (such as branch, polybag);
(2) 3~5cm barrier films 6 are laid in the inside circumference of biological delaying basin 3 and bottom;Biological delaying basin 3 is under It is sequentially disposed on and:Gravel drainage blanket 11, charcoal packing layer, vegetation planting soil layer 9 and gravel mulch layer 8;
(3) 10~20cm gravels drainage blanket 11 is laid on barrier film 6, while overflow pipe, overflow pipe are laid in the layer Upper end overfall 12 is higher by gravel mulch 85~10cm of layer, and a perforated plate is fixed on into overfall upper end, lower termination municipal drainage Pipe network 13;Gravel drainage blanket 11 is connected by underground piping with water storage well 3;
(4) charcoal packing layer includes charcoal filler device 4 and charcoal improved soil;Charcoal filler device 4 is Cement material makes, and pressure-bearing, voltage endurance capability are good, securely and reliably.Specification is:Length × width × height=50cm × 50cm × 60cm, wall Thickness is 3~5cm;Uniformly open 12 permeable circular holes 15 in 4 each face of charcoal filler device, permeable circular hole (15) a diameter of 8~ 10cm, the adjacent circular hole heart is away from for 15cm;42.2 ± 8.1kg of filling charcoal in charcoal filler device (4);It is to prevent simultaneously Charcoal particle is spilt from permeable circular hole 15, in the one layer of geotextiles 10 of inner side surrounding place mat of charcoal filler device 4;Charcoal is filled out Material device 4 is spaced with the charcoal improved soil that thickness is 5~10cm;
(5) charcoal packing layer is separated by with vegetation planting soil layer 9 by geotextiles 10;
(6) in charcoal improved soil (volume ratio, the soil that the laying depth of vegetation planting soil layer 9 is 20~30cm:Biology Charcoal=9:1, be sufficiently mixed), on the one hand the soil after improvement is easy to rainwater infiltration, on the other hand beneficial to the growth of plant;
(7) the gravel mulch layer 8 of 3~5cm thickness is uniformly laid in vegetation planting soil layer 9, plays a part of buffering rainwater.
The invention carries out integrated treatment, its process using the absorption and detergent power of plant, soil and charcoal to rainwater For:
When rainwater flows into biological delaying basin 3, contacted first with opening vertical curb band 2 and gravel mulch layer 8, larger material Intercepted, subsequent rainwater infiltration obtains preliminary purification through vegetation planting soil layer 9, through geotextiles 10, continues on through biological carbon filling material Layer 4, is able to thoroughly accumulate and purify, the rainwater after charcoal packing layer enters the storage of both sides by gravel drainage blanket 11 In well 7, the construction specification and quantity of water storage well 7 should be detained according to local rainfall or flow path surface throughout the year and biology The construction scale in pond 3 and determine.Rainwater after purification can be used for sprinkling road surface, plant and cleaning vehicle etc., when running into heavy rain day Gas, part rainwater can be flowed into municipal drainage pipe network by overfall through overflow pipe.
The biotinylated biomolecule delaying basin 3 should be arranged on physical features relatively lower, ensure to ooze, accumulate and purify under rainwater.
The quantity of planting plants can be determined according to the actual specification for building biological delaying basin.Floristics can according to work as Ground weather conditions simultaneously combine ecosystem characterization etc. to determine.Rainwater treatment flow:
Rainwater → opening vertical curb and gravel mulch layer buffering → lignosa purification-→ biologyCharcoalPacking layer accumulate and again The rainwater of purification → gravel drainage blanket → flowed into through overflow pipe municipal drainage pipe network or cistern → clean.
It is described above only to express embodiments of the present invention, and specifically describe, but be not the limitation of the present invention, All some modification and improvement done within this intention spirit and principle, it should all belong to the protection domain of this intention.

Claims (6)

  1. A kind of 1. multifunction system for oozing worry available for sponge urban rainwater, harvesting and purifying, it is characterised in that:It is stagnant including biology Stay pond and water storage well;
    The biological delaying basin includes successively from top to bottom:Gravel mulch layer, vegetation planting soil layer, charcoal packing layer and gravel Drainage blanket;Meanwhile lay barrier film in the inside circumference of biological delaying basin and bottom;The charcoal packing layer includes life Thing carbon filling material device and charcoal improved soil;
    The vegetation planting soil layer is separated by with charcoal packing layer by geotextiles;The gravel drainage blanket lays overflow pipe, on End connection overfall, lower end are connected to municipal drainage pipe network;The biological delaying basin both sides are respectively arranged with water storage well, water storage well Construction specification and quantity determined according to local rainfall or the construction scale of flow path surface and biological delaying basin throughout the year; The water storage well is connected by underground piping with gravel drainage blanket.
  2. 2. a kind of multifunction system for oozing worry available for sponge urban rainwater, harvesting and purifying according to claim 1, its It is characterised by:The water storage well is used for rainwater after storage purification;The biological delaying basin connects with water storage well;In biological delaying basin Opening vertical curb band, the water inlet as biological delaying basin are equipped with the cm of road surface both sides 5 ~ 10.
  3. 3. a kind of multifunction system for oozing worry available for sponge urban rainwater, harvesting and purifying according to claim 1, its It is characterised by:The vegetation planting soil layer soil is charcoal improved soil, i.e., by soil and charcoal by volume 9:1 is carried out Soil after being sufficiently mixed, thickness are 20 ~ 30 cm;The charcoal be by rice husk, stalk, weeds or forest leftover bits and pieces every It is prepared under anoxybiotic gas after 300 ~ 600 DEG C of burnings.
  4. 4. a kind of multifunction system for oozing worry available for sponge urban rainwater, harvesting and purifying according to claim 1, its It is characterised by:The gravel mulch thickness degree is 3 ~ 5 cm, to buffer rainwater to the straight of vegetation planting soil layer and vegetation root Connect souring.
  5. 5. a kind of multifunction system for oozing worry available for sponge urban rainwater, harvesting and purifying according to claim 1, its It is characterised by:The charcoal filler device is made by cement material, and pressure-bearing, voltage endurance capability are good, securely and reliably;Specification is:It is long The cm of the cm of × wide × high=50 cm × 50 × 60, wall thickness is 3 ~ 5 cm;12 are uniformly opened in each face of charcoal filler device thoroughly Water circular hole, permeable Circularhole diameter are 8 ~ 10 cm, and the adjacent permeable circular hole heart is away from for 15 ± 1cm;Filled in charcoal filler device The kg of charcoal 42.2 ± 8.1;Simultaneously to prevent charcoal particle from being spilt from permeable circular hole, four on the inside of charcoal filler device All one layer of geotextiles of place mat;Charcoal filler device is spaced with the charcoal improved soil that thickness is 5 ~ 10 cm.
  6. 6. a kind of multifunction system for oozing worry available for sponge urban rainwater, harvesting and purifying according to claim 1, its It is characterised by:Gravel drainage blanket thickness is 10 ~ 20 cm, and the overfall of overflow pipe upper end is higher by the cm of gravel mulch layer 5 ~ 10.
CN201610149617.9A 2016-03-16 2016-03-16 A kind of multifunction system for oozing worry available for sponge urban rainwater, harvesting and purifying Active CN105625549B (en)

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CN106630430A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-10 同济大学 Groundwater pollution circulating purification system under effects of key sponge-city modules
CN108341496A (en) * 2017-01-23 2018-07-31 天津大学 A kind of biological delaying basin filler for handling soluble organic nitrogen in rainwater
CN108341485A (en) * 2017-01-23 2018-07-31 天津大学 The biological delaying basin filler of nitrate nitrogen in a kind of removal rainwater
CN106830506B (en) * 2017-01-24 2020-09-01 河海大学 Enhanced nitrogen and phosphorus removal biological retention tank applied to sponge city construction
CN106958179B (en) * 2017-04-11 2019-04-09 水利部交通运输部国家能源局南京水利科学研究院 Slow down the urban road structure and its method of construction of waterlogging
CN106962057A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-07-21 湖南文理学院 Sponge urban construction road rain water processing system
CN107094390A (en) * 2017-04-19 2017-08-29 上海溪昌环境工程有限公司 A kind of new method for building sponge city
CN106930358A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-07-07 贵州建工集团第建筑工程有限责任公司 A kind of pergola on the city road LID is biological to be detained ditch
CN109133328A (en) * 2017-06-19 2019-01-04 天津大学 A kind of biology delaying basin filler
CN107265630B (en) * 2017-06-27 2020-09-18 河海大学 Two-way seepage bioretention pond of inside water storage post
CN108178441B (en) * 2018-01-03 2020-06-19 北京师范大学 Sponge city construction is with scrubbing material that permeates water and assembles module
CN108157046A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-06-15 徐士岐 A kind of device and method for being conducive to the ancient Chinese pine root water and soil conservation of hillside fields growth and adjusting water, gas, fertilizer in soil
CN108862846A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-23 重庆科技学院 A kind of method of urban rainwater management and processing
CN109052651A (en) * 2018-08-31 2018-12-21 上海应用技术大学 A kind of multi-functional low biological gaseous-waste holdup system of influence exploitation
CN113187068A (en) * 2021-05-12 2021-07-30 中建八局第二建设有限公司 A recessed formula greenery patches structure for rainwater is collected in sponge city

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Application publication date: 20160601

Assignee: Jiangsu Keyida Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Nanjing Forestry University

Contract record no.: 2018320000159

Denomination of invention: Multifunctional system for rainwater infiltration, collection and storage and purification of sponge city

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Record date: 20180907

Application publication date: 20160601

Assignee: Shanghai Hui Peng Environmental Technology Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Nanjing Forestry University

Contract record no.: 2018320000161

Denomination of invention: Multifunctional system for rainwater infiltration, collection and storage and purification of sponge city

Granted publication date: 20180309

License type: Common License

Record date: 20180907

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Effective date of registration: 20180921

Address after: 100000 Room 502, government office building, Wenquan Town, Haidian District, Beijing

Patentee after: China soil construction Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: No. 159, dragon pan Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu

Patentee before: Nanjing Forestry University

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