CN105612942A - Oilseed rape threshing and winnowing machine - Google Patents

Oilseed rape threshing and winnowing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105612942A
CN105612942A CN201410584715.6A CN201410584715A CN105612942A CN 105612942 A CN105612942 A CN 105612942A CN 201410584715 A CN201410584715 A CN 201410584715A CN 105612942 A CN105612942 A CN 105612942A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
propellers
threshing
winnowing machine
brassica campestris
shredding mechanism
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410584715.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王宪林
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wufeng Tanmu Agricultural Machinery Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Wufeng Tanmu Agricultural Machinery Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wufeng Tanmu Agricultural Machinery Co Ltd filed Critical Wufeng Tanmu Agricultural Machinery Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410584715.6A priority Critical patent/CN105612942A/en
Publication of CN105612942A publication Critical patent/CN105612942A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides an oilseed rape threshing and winnowing machine which includes a vehicle frame which is provided with a chopping apparatus, a kneading apparatus, and a winnowing apparatus thereon. The chopping apparatus is provided with a feed hopper thereon and is connected to the kneading apparatus. The kneading apparatus is connected to the winnowing apparatus and is provided with a first screw roller therein. The first screw roller has one end connected to the chopping apparatus and the other end provided with a slag discharging opening. The first screw roller is provided with a second screen therebelow. The second screen is provided with a second screw roller therebelow. The second screw roller has an exit which is connected to the winnowing apparatus. For the winnowing apparatus, the exit of the second screw roller is in tangential connection to the outer wall of a vortex cylinder through a pipeline. The vortex cylinder has a bottom part provided with a material discharging opening, and a top art connected to an exhaust fan. The oilseed rape threshing and winnowing machine of the invention can conduct field threshing operations, and complete threshing and winnowing together. Oilseed rape seeds thus obtained can be directly used in oil manufacturing, and oilseed rape stalks are chopped before being broadcast to fields as compost.

Description

Brassica campestris L threshing winnowing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to miniature farm machinery field, particularly a kind of Brassica campestris L threshing winnowing machine.
Background technology
Existing Brassica campestris L threshing, many employings are artificial in farm work, and labor intensity is big. Because the pod of Brassica campestris L is almost covered with Herb, and easy to fall off, the also equipment of inapplicable similar rice threshing.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved is to provide a kind of Brassica campestris L threshing winnowing machine, it is possible to achieve in field to Brassica campestris L threshing, and threshing selecting crude drugs with winnower once completes.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of Brassica campestris L threshing winnowing machine, and including vehicle frame, vehicle frame is provided with shredding mechanism, rubbing device and pneumatic separation device;
Shredding mechanism is provided with feed hopper, and shredding mechanism is connected with rubbing device, and rubbing device is connected with pneumatic separation device;
Described rubbing device is provided with the first propellers, first propellers one end is connected with shredding mechanism, and the other end is provided with slag notch, and the first propellers are connected with the second screen cloth, second screen cloth be connected with the second propellers, the exit of the second propellers is connected with pneumatic separation device;
In described pneumatic separation device, the outlet of the second propellers is connected with the selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber of lower section by pipeline, is provided with aerator in selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber near the termination of described link position, and the other end in selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber is provided with ash hole, is provided with at least 1 discharging opening on selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber.
It is connected with the first screen cloth at the first propellers and shredding mechanism connecting portion.
Being provided with chopping cylinder in described shredding mechanism, chopping cylinder surface is provided with the blade of multiple inclination.
Shredding mechanism and rubbing device adopt the structure that upper cover is opened, and feed hopper is positioned at above upper cover, and upper cover inwall position corresponding with chopping cylinder is additionally provided with a plurality of spiral bar.
Described chopping cylinder and the first propellers are arranged in juxtaposition.
Bottom of frame is provided with wheel.
Described selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber is provided with two discharging openings, is provided with fender plate between two discharging openings.
A kind of Brassica campestris L threshing winnowing machine provided by the invention, it is possible to achieve Brassica campestris L being carried out field shelling operation, threshing and selecting crude drugs with winnower is once completed, the Semen Brassicae campestris of acquisition can be made directly oil expression, spills into field as fertilizer after the then chopping of Brassica campestris L stalk. Present configuration is compact, it is simple to mobile, and the mountain area or the hilly country that are particularly suited for the plantation of little area use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described:
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic front view of the present invention.
In figure: whirlwind tank 1, air exhauster 2, upper cover 3, spiral bar 4, feed hopper 5, power source 6, actuating device 7, chopping cylinder 8, blade 9, the first screen cloth 10, the second screen cloth 11, the first propellers 12, slag notch 13, the second propellers 14, ash hole 15, discharging opening 16, vehicle frame 17, wheel 18.
Detailed description of the invention
Such as Fig. 1, in 2, a kind of Brassica campestris L threshing winnowing machine, including vehicle frame 17, vehicle frame 17 is provided with shredding mechanism, rubbing device and pneumatic separation device;
Shredding mechanism is provided with feed hopper 5, and shredding mechanism is connected with rubbing device, and rubbing device is connected with pneumatic separation device;
Described rubbing device is provided with the first propellers 12, first propellers 12 one end is connected with shredding mechanism, the other end is provided with slag notch 13, first propellers 12 are connected with the second screen cloth 11, second screen cloth 11 be connected with the second propellers 14, the exit of the second propellers 14 is connected with pneumatic separation device
In described pneumatic separation device, the outlet of the second propellers 14 is connected with the selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber 1 of lower section by pipeline, being provided with aerator 2 in selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber 1 near the termination of described link position, the other end in selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber 1 is provided with ash hole 15, is provided with at least 1 discharging opening on selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber 1. Thus structure, will shred, and sub-sieve and selecting crude drugs with winnower operation once complete, it is thus achieved that be used directly for the Semen Brassicae campestris of oil expression.
It is connected with the first screen cloth 10 at the first propellers 12 and shredding mechanism connecting portion. Thus structure, for Semen Brassicae campestris and the Brassica campestris L stalk of initial gross separation chopping.
Being provided with chopping cylinder 8 in described shredding mechanism, chopping cylinder 8 surface is provided with the blade 9 of multiple inclination. Thus structure, when chopping cylinder 8 rotates, blade 9 is by Brassica campestris L stalk chopping, and owing to Brassica campestris L stalk is generally more crisp, therefore the Brassica campestris L stalk after chopping will not be wrapped on blade 9. The blade 9 simultaneously tilted is also beneficial to promote Brassica campestris L stalk to run to the other end of chopping cylinder 8, and in motor process, makes Brassica campestris L pod break.
Shredding mechanism and rubbing device adopt the structure that upper cover 3 is opened, and feed hopper 5 is positioned at above upper cover 3, and upper cover 3 inwall position corresponding with chopping cylinder 8 is additionally provided with a plurality of spiral bar 4. Adopt the structure with upper cover 3, it is simple to Fast-Maintenance and cleaning. The spiral bar 4 arranged is easy to coordinate Brassica campestris L stalk chopping with chopping cylinder 8.
Described chopping cylinder 8 and the first propellers 12 are arranged in juxtaposition. Thus structure, it is simple to make structure more compact.
It is provided with wheel bottom vehicle frame 17. Thus structure, it is simple to mobile.
Described selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber 1 is provided with two discharging openings, is provided with fender plate 20 between two discharging openings. Thus structure, it is simple to regulate the height of fender plate 20 according to material, thus adjusting the effect of selecting crude drugs with winnower.
During use in Fig. 1, the Brassica campestris L stalk gathered in and dry is sent in feed hopper 5, power source 6 generally adopts diesel engine or gasoline engine, chopping cylinder 8 is driven to rotate by chain-drive mechanism, blade 9 in chopping cylinder 8 is by Brassica campestris L stalk chopping, promote Brassica campestris L stalk and Semen Brassicae campestris to move to the left side in figure simultaneously, when the first screen cloth 10, part Semen Brassicae campestris drops into the position at the second propellers 14 place, lower section, and unnecessary Brassica campestris L stalk and Semen Brassicae campestris enter into the position at the first propellers 12 place from the breach between chopping cylinder 8 and the first propellers 12. First propellers 12 are rotated by power source 6, Brassica campestris L stalk and Semen Brassicae campestris are promoted to the right side in Fig. 1, in propelling movement process, Brassica campestris L stalk and Semen Brassicae campestris are rubbed by the first propellers 12, make Semen Brassicae campestris all through the second screen cloth 11, dropping into the position at the second propellers 14 place, lower section, Brassica campestris L stalk is discharged from slag notch 13, as fertilizer. Semen Brassicae campestris is pushed to the left side in Fig. 1 by the second propellers 14, and drop into selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber 1 along outlet, adjustable charging baffle plate 21 it is additionally provided with in exit, aerator 2 blowing enters in selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber 1, Semen Brassicae campestris is bigger because of proportion, discharging from the first discharging opening 16 or the second discharging opening 19, dust is discharged from ash hole 15. By regulating the height of fender plate 20, it is possible to regulating the credit rating of Semen Brassicae campestris between the first discharging opening 16 and the second discharging opening 19, more the Semen Brassicae campestris of weight can drop into the first discharging opening 16. Lighter Semen Brassicae campestris then can drop into the second discharging opening 19, it is achieved thereby that the classification of Semen Brassicae campestris. Generally at ash hole 15, cloth bag is set for dedusting.
The present invention significantly reduces the labor intensity of Brassica campestris L threshing.

Claims (7)

1. a Brassica campestris L threshing winnowing machine, including vehicle frame (17), is characterized in that: vehicle frame (17) is provided with shredding mechanism, rubbing device and pneumatic separation device;
Shredding mechanism is provided with feed hopper (5), and shredding mechanism is connected with rubbing device, and rubbing device is connected with pneumatic separation device;
Described rubbing device is provided with the first propellers (12), first propellers (12) one end is connected with shredding mechanism, the other end is provided with slag notch (13), first propellers (12) are connected with the second screen cloth (11), second screen cloth (11) be connected with the second propellers (14), the exit of the second propellers (14) is connected with pneumatic separation device;
In described pneumatic separation device, the outlet of the second propellers (14) is connected with the selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber (1) of lower section by pipeline, it is provided with aerator (2) near the termination of described link position in selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber (1), the other end in selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber (1) is provided with ash hole (15), is provided with at least 1 discharging opening on selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber (1).
2. a kind of Brassica campestris L threshing winnowing machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be connected with the first screen cloth (10) at the first propellers (12) and shredding mechanism connecting portion.
3. a kind of Brassica campestris L threshing winnowing machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with chopping cylinder (8) in described shredding mechanism, and chopping cylinder (8) surface is provided with the blade (9) of multiple inclination.
4. a kind of Brassica campestris L threshing winnowing machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the structure that shredding mechanism and rubbing device adopt upper cover (3) to open, feed hopper (5) is positioned at upper cover (3) top, and upper cover (3) inwall is additionally provided with a plurality of spiral bar (4) with chopping cylinder (8) corresponding position.
5. a kind of Brassica campestris L threshing winnowing machine according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described chopping cylinder (8) and the first propellers (12) are arranged in juxtaposition.
6. a kind of Brassica campestris L threshing winnowing machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: vehicle frame (17) bottom is provided with wheel.
7. a kind of Brassica campestris L threshing winnowing machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described selecting crude drugs with winnower chamber (1) is provided with two discharging openings, is provided with fender plate (20) between two discharging openings.
CN201410584715.6A 2014-10-28 2014-10-28 Oilseed rape threshing and winnowing machine Pending CN105612942A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410584715.6A CN105612942A (en) 2014-10-28 2014-10-28 Oilseed rape threshing and winnowing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410584715.6A CN105612942A (en) 2014-10-28 2014-10-28 Oilseed rape threshing and winnowing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105612942A true CN105612942A (en) 2016-06-01

Family

ID=56028657

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410584715.6A Pending CN105612942A (en) 2014-10-28 2014-10-28 Oilseed rape threshing and winnowing machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105612942A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106063411A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-11-02 刘运华 A kind of quick stripping off device of agricultural oils Semen Allii Tuberosi
CN108617273A (en) * 2017-03-18 2018-10-09 湖南农业大学 A kind of rape threshing chopping all-in-one machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106063411A (en) * 2016-06-07 2016-11-02 刘运华 A kind of quick stripping off device of agricultural oils Semen Allii Tuberosi
CN106063411B (en) * 2016-06-07 2018-03-02 民乐县碧如意种植有限责任公司 A kind of quick stripping off device of agricultural oils vegetable seed
CN107950202A (en) * 2016-06-07 2018-04-24 合肥智慧龙机械设计有限公司 A kind of quick stripping off device of agricultural oils vegetable seed
CN107950202B (en) * 2016-06-07 2020-11-10 姜志祥 Agricultural rapeseed quick stripping device
CN108617273A (en) * 2017-03-18 2018-10-09 湖南农业大学 A kind of rape threshing chopping all-in-one machine

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Application publication date: 20160601

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication