CN105509096B - A kind of working method of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of working method of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105509096B
CN105509096B CN201510951200.XA CN201510951200A CN105509096B CN 105509096 B CN105509096 B CN 105509096B CN 201510951200 A CN201510951200 A CN 201510951200A CN 105509096 B CN105509096 B CN 105509096B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
rotating cylinder
burner hearth
biomass fuel
combustion
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510951200.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105509096A (en
Inventor
陈世远
Original Assignee
重庆市长寿区和兴源农业开发有限公司
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Priority to CN201510951200.XA priority Critical patent/CN105509096B/en
Publication of CN105509096A publication Critical patent/CN105509096A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105509096B publication Critical patent/CN105509096B/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/02Closed stoves
    • F24B1/028Closed stoves with means for regulating combustion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23LSUPPLYING AIR OR NON-COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS OR GASES TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS IN GENERAL ; VALVES OR DAMPERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CONTROLLING AIR SUPPLY OR DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; INDUCING DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; TOPS FOR CHIMNEYS OR VENTILATING SHAFTS; TERMINALS FOR FLUES
    • F23L13/00Construction of valves or dampers for controlling air supply or draught
    • F23L13/02Construction of valves or dampers for controlling air supply or draught pivoted about a single axis but having not other movement
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23LSUPPLYING AIR OR NON-COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS OR GASES TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS IN GENERAL ; VALVES OR DAMPERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CONTROLLING AIR SUPPLY OR DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; INDUCING DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; TOPS FOR CHIMNEYS OR VENTILATING SHAFTS; TERMINALS FOR FLUES
    • F23L5/00Blast-producing apparatus before the fire

Abstract

This patent application discloses a kind of working methods of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus, including following work step: (1) biomass fuel being added in burner hearth from feeding port, biomass fuel drops down on support baseboard;(2) rotating cylinder is rotated, the biomass fuel in air supply tube agitation burner hearth on rotating cylinder keeps the biomass fuel of accumulation loose;(3) biomass fuel is lighted, makes fuel in combustion furnace chamber inner combustion;(4) air is sent into hollow cavity, the intracorporal air of hollow cavity is entered in burner hearth by several air supply tubes by rotation air-supply spiral in the rotation process of air-supply spiral.It does not need that air inlet fan is additionally arranged using the method for above-mentioned combustion apparatus, saves the energy.

Description

A kind of working method of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of furnace or stoves, and in particular to a kind of working method of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus.
Background technique
Biomass stove uses biomass molding fuel (the various shells of wood fragments bavin, fuel wood, stalk, corncob and various lifes Substance briquetting etc.), it is blown by blower, realizes the controllable of furnace temperature and intake, fuel is made sufficiently to gasify and fire in burner hearth It burns.The product have cooking, warm oneself, heat up water it is multi-functional.
Patent publication No. is that the patent document of CN204853565U discloses a kind of efficient biomass furnace, including furnace body and furnace The burner hearth in internal portion, furnace body upper end are provided with smoke exhaust pipe and feed hopper, and the burner hearth bottom, which is provided with, horizontal to transport Dynamic ash discharge bottom plate, ash discharge bottom plate are provided with the pull rod for stretching out furnace body, and the bottom of furnace body is located at ash discharge bottom plate lower end and also sets up There is movable ash deposition box, the burner hearth is internally located at ash discharge bottom plate upper end and is additionally provided with air supply device, air supply device and setting Air inlet fan connection on the outside of furnace body.Existing or above structure biomass stove needs that air inlet is arranged in use Machine is blown into burner hearth by pressure fan, thus needs the additional waste energy.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of working method of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus, the sides of above-mentioned combustion apparatus Method does not need that air inlet fan is additionally arranged, and saves the energy.
In order to achieve the above objectives, base case of the invention is as follows:
A kind of working method of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus, the combustion apparatus include furnace body, support baseboard, stored ash box and Positioned at the burner hearth of furnace interior, the support baseboard is located at burner hearth lower part, and the stored ash box is slidably connected to furnace body On, and be located at below support baseboard, it is additionally provided with feeding port and air outlet on furnace body, is additionally provided with wind pushing mechanism, the wind pushing mechanism packet Rotating cylinder, air-supply spiral and air supply tube are included, hollow cavity is equipped in the rotating cylinder, the rotating cylinder and furnace body are rotatablely connected, and rotating cylinder Above support baseboard;The rotating cylinder is circumferentially with several air supply tubes being connected to hollow cavity;The air-supply helical rotation It is connected in the hollow cavity, including following work step:
(1) biomass fuel is added in burner hearth from feeding port, biomass fuel drops down on support baseboard;
(2) rotating cylinder is rotated, the biomass fuel in air supply tube agitation burner hearth on rotating cylinder makes the biomass fuel of accumulation Material is loose;
(3) biomass fuel is lighted, makes fuel in combustion furnace chamber inner combustion;
(4) air is sent into hollow cavity, hollow cavity by rotation air-supply spiral in the rotation process of air-supply spiral Interior air is entered in burner hearth by several air supply tubes.
The advantages of this programme is: 1, in the present solution, step 4 is by rotation air-supply spiral, spiral of blowing is in hollow cavity It is sent into air, air is entered in burner hearth by several air supply tubes, can promote biomass full combustion in this way;2, it puts into burner hearth Biomass fuel is likely to accumulate in burner hearth, and when step 2 rotates rotating cylinder, being connected to air supply tube on rotating cylinder can will be in burner hearth Biomass fuel stirs loosely, to prevent the biomass fuel in burner hearth from accumulating;3, after using one end time, on support baseboard Ashes can be accumulated, at this time rotation air-supply spiral and rotating cylinder, during drum rotation, the wind of air supply tube plays the ash on support baseboard Cinder falls into ashes in stored ash box, to prevent ashes from accumulating on support baseboard.
Prioritization scheme 1, advanced optimizes base case, and several air supply tubes are connect along rotating cylinder radial direction with rotating cylinder, and Multiple gas outlets are opened up on the side wall of every air supply tube;Step 4 is further comprising the steps of: the wind energy sent out in hollow cavity from Multiple gas outlets of air supply tube are discharged, and can thus make full of air in the biomass fuel in burner hearth, to guarantee to give birth to Biomass fuel full combustion.
Prioritization scheme 2, advanced optimizes base case, and described air-supply spiral one end extends to outside rotating cylinder, and the end It is connected with handler;Step 4 is further comprising the steps of: being blown by rotary motion handle into hollow cavity.In use, passing through rotation Turning handler can blow into hollow cavity, easy to operate.
Prioritization scheme 3 advanced optimizes base case, prioritization scheme 1,2 any one, and the feeding port includes being connected Logical horizontal preheating section and tilting section, the tilting section are connected to burner hearth;It is further comprising the steps of after step 4: to use When, it will be placed on the horizontal preheating section preheated one-section time to be placed into the biomass fuel of burner hearth, then by the biomass fuel after preheating Material push-in tilting section, biomass fuel slide into burner hearth along tilting section.It, can in burner hearth after biomass fuel preheating It is more abundant to burn.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the working method embodiment 1 of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the working method embodiment 2 of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
Appended drawing reference in Figure of description include: furnace body 10, burner hearth 11, feeding port 12, horizontal preheating section 121, Tilting section 122, air outlet 13, support baseboard 20, stored ash box 30, wind pushing mechanism 40, rotating cylinder 41, air supply tube 42, gas outlet 421, Air-supply spiral 43, bearing 44, handler 50.
Embodiment 1
Embodiment 1 is substantially as shown in Fig. 1: a kind of working method of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus, the combustion apparatus packet Furnace body 10, support baseboard 20, stored ash box 30 and the burner hearth 11 inside furnace body 10 are included, support baseboard 20 is located at combustion furnace 11 lower part of thorax, stored ash box 30 are slidably connected on furnace body 10, and are located at 20 lower section of support baseboard, are additionally provided with feeding port on furnace body 10 12 and air outlet 13, the present embodiment be additionally provided with wind pushing mechanism 40, the wind pushing mechanism 40 include rotating cylinder 41, air-supply spiral 43 and air-supply Pipe 42, rotating cylinder 41 is interior to be equipped with hollow cavity, and rotating cylinder 41 and furnace body 10 are rotatablely connected, and rotating cylinder 41 is located at 20 top of support baseboard; Rotating cylinder 41 is circumferentially with several air supply tubes 42 being connected to hollow cavity, and several air supply tubes 42 are along 41 radial direction of rotating cylinder and rotating cylinder 41 Connection, and multiple gas outlets 421 are opened up on the side wall of every air supply tube 42;Spiral 43 of blowing is by bearing 44 in hollow cavity Interior, air-supply 43 one end of spiral extends to outside rotating cylinder 41, and the end is connected with handler 50;Including following work step:
(1) biomass fuel is added in burner hearth 11 from feeding port 12, biomass fuel drops down on support baseboard 20;
(2) rotating cylinder 41 is rotated, the air supply tube 42 on rotating cylinder 41 stirs the biomass fuel in burner hearth 11, makes accumulation Biomass fuel is loose;
(3) biomass fuel is lighted, fuel is made to burn in burner hearth 11;
(4) air is sent into the rotation process of air-supply spiral 43 by the rotation air-supply spiral 43 of rotary motion handle 50 In hollow cavity, the intracorporal air of hollow cavity is entered in burner hearth 11 by several air supply tubes 42;It is sent out in hollow cavity Wind energy is discharged from multiple gas outlets 421 of air supply tube 42, can thus make in the biomass fuel in burner hearth 11 full of sky Gas, to guarantee biomass fuel full combustion.
Embodiment 2
As shown in Fig. 2, with being in place of the difference of embodiment 1: feeding port 12 include the horizontal preheating section 121 being connected and Tilting section 122, tilting section 122 are connected to burner hearth 11.
It is further comprising the steps of after step 4: in use, by horizontal preheating section is placed on to be placed into the biomass fuel of burner hearth 121 preheated one-section times, the biomass fuel after preheating is then pushed into tilting section 122, biomass fuel is sliding along tilting section 122 Enter in burner hearth 11.After biomass fuel preheating, it can burn in burner hearth 11 more sufficiently.
What has been described above is only an embodiment of the present invention, and the common sense such as well known specific structure and characteristic are not made herein in scheme Excessive description.It, without departing from the structure of the invention, can be with it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art Several modifications and improvements are made, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all will not influence what the present invention was implemented Effect and patent practicability.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims, in specification The records such as specific embodiment can be used for explaining the content of claim.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of working method of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus, the combustion apparatus include furnace body, support baseboard, stored ash box and position In the burner hearth of furnace interior, the support baseboard is located at burner hearth lower part, and the stored ash box is slidably connected on furnace body, And be located at below support baseboard, feeding port and air outlet are additionally provided on furnace body, which is characterized in that are additionally provided with wind pushing mechanism, this send Blower structure includes rotating cylinder, air-supply spiral and air supply tube, and hollow cavity is equipped in the rotating cylinder, and the rotating cylinder and furnace body rotation connect It connects, and rotating cylinder is located above support baseboard;The rotating cylinder is circumferentially with several air supply tubes being connected to hollow cavity;The air-supply Helical rotation is connected in the hollow cavity, and several air supply tubes are connect with rotating cylinder along rotating cylinder is radial, and every air supply tube Multiple gas outlets, including following work step are opened up on side wall:
(1) biomass fuel is added in burner hearth from feeding port, biomass fuel drops down on support baseboard;
(2) rotating cylinder is rotated, the biomass fuel in air supply tube agitation burner hearth on rotating cylinder makes the biomass fuel pine of accumulation It dissipates;
(3) biomass fuel is lighted, makes fuel in combustion furnace chamber inner combustion;
(4) air is sent into hollow cavity, hollow cavity is intracorporal by rotation air-supply spiral in the rotation process of air-supply spiral Air is entered in burner hearth by several air supply tubes.
2. a kind of working method of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the air-supply Spiral one end extends to outside rotating cylinder, and the end is connected with handler;Step 4 is further comprising the steps of: by rotary motion handle to Air-supply in hollow cavity.
3. a kind of working method of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that described Feeding port includes the horizontal preheating section and tilting section being connected, and the tilting section is connected to burner hearth;Further include after step 4 Following steps: in use, by the horizontal preheating section preheated one-section time is placed on to be placed into the biomass fuel of burner hearth, it then will preheating Biomass fuel afterwards is pushed into tilting section, and biomass fuel slides into burner hearth along tilting section.
CN201510951200.XA 2015-12-19 2015-12-19 A kind of working method of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus CN105509096B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510951200.XA CN105509096B (en) 2015-12-19 2015-12-19 A kind of working method of energy saving biomass combustion apparatus

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105509096B true CN105509096B (en) 2019-01-22

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110345505B (en) * 2019-06-25 2021-01-05 常州华伦热电有限公司 Ultralow emission boiler system
CN111189051A (en) * 2020-01-13 2020-05-22 浙江传超环保科技有限公司 Garbage incineration method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2125035U (en) * 1992-04-21 1992-12-16 孙发育 Spiral fan
CN203162929U (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-08-28 沈阳汇丰生物能源发展有限公司 Biomass chain boiler combustion device
CN203704031U (en) * 2014-02-11 2014-07-09 武安市嘉恒节能科技有限公司 Full-automatic semi-gasification biomass fuel heating stove
CN204460267U (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-07-08 邯郸市火炬锅炉有限公司 Vertical boiler

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2125035U (en) * 1992-04-21 1992-12-16 孙发育 Spiral fan
CN203162929U (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-08-28 沈阳汇丰生物能源发展有限公司 Biomass chain boiler combustion device
CN203704031U (en) * 2014-02-11 2014-07-09 武安市嘉恒节能科技有限公司 Full-automatic semi-gasification biomass fuel heating stove
CN204460267U (en) * 2015-03-09 2015-07-08 邯郸市火炬锅炉有限公司 Vertical boiler

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