CN105484070A - Polyester fiber dyeing process - Google Patents

Polyester fiber dyeing process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105484070A
CN105484070A CN201510993340.3A CN201510993340A CN105484070A CN 105484070 A CN105484070 A CN 105484070A CN 201510993340 A CN201510993340 A CN 201510993340A CN 105484070 A CN105484070 A CN 105484070A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
polyster fibre
fixation
dyeing
temperature
dye
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510993340.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陶文祥
Original Assignee
常熟市翔鹰特纤有限公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 常熟市翔鹰特纤有限公司 filed Critical 常熟市翔鹰特纤有限公司
Priority to CN201510993340.3A priority Critical patent/CN105484070A/en
Publication of CN105484070A publication Critical patent/CN105484070A/en

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/44General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders
    • D06P1/653Nitrogen-free carboxylic acids or their salts
    • D06P1/6533Aliphatic, araliphatic or cycloaliphatic
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/44General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders
    • D06P1/673Inorganic compounds
    • D06P1/67333Salts or hydroxides
    • D06P1/6735Salts or hydroxides of alkaline or alkaline-earth metals with anions different from those provided for in D06P1/67341
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P3/00Special processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the material treated
    • D06P3/34Material containing ester groups
    • D06P3/52Polyesters
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P5/00Other features in dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form
    • D06P5/02After-treatment

Abstract

The invention discloses a polyester fiber dyeing process, which comprises following steps (1) pretreatment; (2) dyeing; (3) soaping; (4) color fixing; (5) coiling. The polyester fiber dyeing process is simple and convenient to operate and easy to realize, and improves adsorptivity of polyester fiber to dye and enhances a color fixing effect of the dye by a reasonable process design, and the prepared polyester fiber has the advantages of good mechanical properties, uniform dyeing, no color fading after washing and excellent comprehensive properties.

Description

A kind of polyster fibre dyeing technique

Technical field

The present invention relates to polyster fibre field, particularly relate to a kind of polyster fibre dyeing technique.

Background technology

Polyster fibre is the hydrophobic fibre be made up of polyethylene terephthalate.Because terylene molecular chain structure is tight, lack the hydrophilic radical such as carboxyl, sulfonic group and can not the dyeing such as direct dyes, ACID DYES, basic-dyeable fibre be used.Existing colouring method uses disperse dyeing under mostly adopting High Temperature High Pressure, hot melt or carrier existence condition.But in high-temperature pressure dyeing, some DISPERSE DYES are high temperature resistant, and dispersion stabilization is poor, the uneven problem of dyeing is caused often to occur, simultaneously due to the restriction of device security under high-temperature and high-pressure conditions, clearly, this just seriously deviates from the development trend of ecological dyeing the problem that dyeing batch is little, bath raio is large, labour intensity is high, every consumption is large; Disperse dye normal pressure dyeing is mainly by adding carrier to accelerate expansion to polyster fibre and upper dye, thus reduction dyeing temperature, improve dye uptake, but carrier easily remains on fabric or fiber, affect the light fastness of azo dispersion dyes, pollute the environment and poison human body when using simultaneously, and also there is the problem of easily fading, affecting the wearability of fabric.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of polyster fibre dyeing technique, can solve the problems referred to above that existing polyster fibre dyeing exists.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: provide a kind of polyster fibre dyeing technique, comprise the steps:

(1) pre-treatment: be configured to pretreatment liquid with NaOH, without phosphorus degreaser and dispersant, then polyster fibre is immersed in pretreatment liquid with certain bath raio, carry out rinsing at a certain temperature, then in mixed liquor, slowly add acid solution, adjust ph is extremely neutral, clear water washes clean;

(2) dye: dye solution is warming up to 40 ~ 50 DEG C, then the polyster fibre after pre-treatment in step (1) is immersed in dye solution with certain bath raio, carry out dyeing process at a certain temperature;

(3) soap: by the polyster fibre after dyeing in step (2) with certain bath raio insert mass concentration be 4 ~ 5g/L soap in liquid, soap 15 ~ 25min under the condition of 90 ~ 98 DEG C, then rinses well with the clear water of 50 ~ 60 DEG C;

(4) fixation: the polyster fibre fixation liquid steam heat after soaping in step (3) is steamed 2 ~ 3h, is then cooled to room temperature, clean by clean water, then dry, bake, complete fixation treatment;

(5) rolling: by the polyster fibre rolling after fixation treatment in step (4), warehouse-in.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (1), in described pretreatment liquid, NaOH is 4 ~ 5g/L, without phosphorus degreaser is 5 ~ 6g/L, dispersant is 0.5 ~ 1g/L; Described rinsing process is: temperature 120 ~ 130 DEG C, time 10 ~ 20min.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (1), the formic acid solution of described acid solution to be mass concentration be 3 ~ 5g/L, its rate of addition is 1 ~ 5mL/min.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (2), the formula of described dye solution is: dyestuff 2.5 ~ 3.0owf%, dye leveller 1.0 ~ 1.3g/L, bleeding agent 1.0 ~ 1.5g/L; Described color fixing process is: first with the ramp to 90 DEG C of 2.5 ~ 3 DEG C/min, then with the ramp to 120 DEG C of 0.5 ~ 1 DEG C/min, and constant temperature keeps 10 ~ 15min, then is down to room temperature with the speed of 2.5 ~ 3 DEG C/min.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (4), the formula of described fixation liquid is: color-fixing agent 2.5 ~ 3.5g/L, glacial acetic acid 1 ~ 1.5g/L; The temperature of described fixation liquid steam is 100 ~ 110 DEG C.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (4), described stoving process is 80 ~ 90 DEG C dries 5 ~ 10min; Described baking is 120 ~ 130 DEG C and bakes 1 ~ 2.5min.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (1) ~ (4), described bath raio is 1:25 ~ 1:35.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: a kind of polyster fibre dyeing technique of the present invention, easy and simple to handle, easy realization, it is by rational technological design, not only increase the absorption property of polyster fibre to dyestuff, and enhancing the colour fixation of dyestuff, prepared dyeing polyster fibre has good mechanical property, even dyeing, the non-fading advantage of washing, excellent combination property.

Detailed description of the invention

Below preferred embodiment of the present invention is described in detail, can be easier to make advantages and features of the invention be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus more explicit defining is made to protection scope of the present invention.

The embodiment of the present invention comprises:

Embodiment 1

A kind of polyster fibre dyeing technique, comprises the steps:

(1) pre-treatment: be configured to pretreatment liquid with NaOH, without phosphorus degreaser and dispersant, then polyster fibre is immersed in pretreatment liquid with the bath raio of 1:25, rinsing 20min at the temperature of 120 DEG C, then in mixed liquor, add with the speed of 1mL/min the formic acid solution that mass concentration is 5g/L, adjust ph is extremely neutral, clear water washes clean; Wherein, the formula of described pretreatment liquid is: NaOH is 4g/L, without phosphorus degreaser is 5g/L, dispersant is 0.5g/L;

(2) dye: dye solution is warming up to 40 DEG C, then the polyster fibre after pre-treatment in step (1) is immersed in dye solution with the bath raio of 1:25, first with the ramp to 90 DEG C of 2.5 DEG C/min, then with the ramp to 120 DEG C of 0.5 DEG C/min, constant temperature keeps 10min, be down to room temperature with the speed of 2.5 DEG C/min again, complete dyeing process; Wherein, the formula of described dye solution is: dyestuff 2.5owf%, dye leveller 1.0g/L, bleeding agent 1.0g/L;

(3) soap: by the polyster fibre after dyeing in step (2), with the bath raio of 1:25, to insert mass concentration be 4g/L soaps in liquid, and soap 25min under the condition of 90 DEG C, then rinses well with the clear water of 50 ~ 60 DEG C;

(4) fixation: the polyster fibre fixation liquid steam heat after soaping in step (3) is steamed 2h, is then cooled to room temperature, clean by clean water, then dry 10min at 80 DEG C, at the temperature of 120 DEG C, bake 2.5min, complete fixation treatment; Wherein, the formula of described fixation liquid is: color-fixing agent 2.5g/L, glacial acetic acid 1g/L; The temperature of described fixation liquid steam is 100 DEG C;

(5) rolling: by the polyster fibre rolling after fixation treatment in step (4), warehouse-in.

Embodiment 2

A kind of polyster fibre dyeing technique, comprises the steps:

(1) pre-treatment: be configured to pretreatment liquid with NaOH, without phosphorus degreaser and dispersant, then polyster fibre is immersed in pretreatment liquid with the bath raio of 1:25, rinsing 10min at the temperature of 130 DEG C, then in mixed liquor, add with the speed of 5mL/min the formic acid solution that mass concentration is 5g/L, adjust ph is extremely neutral, clear water washes clean; Wherein, the formula of described pretreatment liquid is: NaOH is 5g/L, without phosphorus degreaser is 6g/L, dispersant is 1g/L;

(2) dye: dye solution is warming up to 50 DEG C, then the polyster fibre after pre-treatment in step (1) is immersed in dye solution with the bath raio of 1:25, first with the ramp to 90 DEG C of 3 DEG C/min, then with the ramp to 120 DEG C of 1 DEG C/min, constant temperature keeps 15min, be down to room temperature with the speed of 3 DEG C/min again, complete dyeing process; Wherein, the formula of described dye solution is: dyestuff 3.0owf%, dye leveller 1.3g/L, bleeding agent 1.5g/L;

(3) soap: by the polyster fibre after dyeing in step (2), with the bath raio of 1:25, to insert mass concentration be 5g/L soaps in liquid, and soap 25min under the condition of 90 DEG C, then rinses well with the clear water of 50 ~ 60 DEG C;

(4) fixation: the polyster fibre fixation liquid steam heat after soaping in step (3) is steamed 3h, is then cooled to room temperature, clean by clean water, then dry 5min at 90 DEG C, at the temperature of 130 DEG C, bake 1min, complete fixation treatment; Wherein, the formula of described fixation liquid is: color-fixing agent 3.5g/L, glacial acetic acid 1.5g/L; The temperature of described fixation liquid steam is 110 DEG C;

(5) rolling: by the polyster fibre rolling after fixation treatment in step (4), warehouse-in.

The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every utilize description of the present invention to do equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion; or be directly or indirectly used in other relevant technical fields, be all in like manner included in scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a polyster fibre dyeing technique, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
(1) pre-treatment: be configured to pretreatment liquid with NaOH, without phosphorus degreaser and dispersant, then polyster fibre is immersed in pretreatment liquid with certain bath raio, carry out rinsing at a certain temperature, then in mixed liquor, slowly add acid solution, adjust ph is extremely neutral, clear water washes clean;
(2) dye: dye solution is warming up to 40 ~ 50 DEG C, then the polyster fibre after pre-treatment in step (1) is immersed in dye solution with certain bath raio, carry out dyeing process at a certain temperature;
(3) soap: by the polyster fibre after dyeing in step (2) with certain bath raio insert mass concentration be 4 ~ 5g/L soap in liquid, soap 15 ~ 25min under the condition of 90 ~ 98 DEG C, then rinses well with the clear water of 50 ~ 60 DEG C;
(4) fixation: the polyster fibre fixation liquid steam heat after soaping in step (3) is steamed 2 ~ 3h, is then cooled to room temperature, clean by clean water, then dry, bake, complete fixation treatment;
(5) rolling: by the polyster fibre rolling after fixation treatment in step (4), warehouse-in.
2. a kind of polyster fibre dyeing technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (1), in described pretreatment liquid, NaOH is 4 ~ 5g/L, without phosphorus degreaser is 5 ~ 6g/L, dispersant is 0.5 ~ 1g/L; Described rinsing process is: temperature 120 ~ 130 DEG C, time 10 ~ 20min.
3. a kind of polyster fibre dyeing technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (1), the formic acid solution of described acid solution to be mass concentration be 3 ~ 5g/L, its rate of addition is 1 ~ 5mL/min.
4. a kind of polyster fibre dyeing technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (2), the formula of described dye solution is: dyestuff 2.5 ~ 3.0owf%, dye leveller 1.0 ~ 1.3g/L, bleeding agent 1.0 ~ 1.5g/L; Described color fixing process is: first with the ramp to 90 DEG C of 2.5 ~ 3 DEG C/min, then with the ramp to 120 DEG C of 0.5 ~ 1 DEG C/min, and constant temperature keeps 10 ~ 15min, then is down to room temperature with the speed of 2.5 ~ 3 DEG C/min.
5. a kind of polyster fibre dyeing technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (4), the formula of described fixation liquid is: color-fixing agent 2.5 ~ 3.5g/L, glacial acetic acid 1 ~ 1.5g/L; The temperature of described fixation liquid steam is 100 ~ 110 DEG C.
6. a kind of polyster fibre dyeing technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (4), described stoving process is 80 ~ 90 DEG C dries 5 ~ 10min; Described baking is 120 ~ 130 DEG C and bakes 1 ~ 2.5min.
7. a kind of polyster fibre dyeing technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described step (1) ~ (4), described bath raio is 1:25 ~ 1:35.
CN201510993340.3A 2015-12-28 2015-12-28 Polyester fiber dyeing process CN105484070A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106192260A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-12-07 安徽中天纺织科技股份有限公司 The high-strength portable of a kind of water proof fire retardant and the preparation method of industry dyeing cloth
CN109295764A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-02-01 桐乡市创新纺织有限公司 A kind of dyeing of polyester fiber
CN109295753A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-02-01 桐乡市创新纺织有限公司 A kind of dyeing of polyester fiber
CN109403010A (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-03-01 浙江商隆印染有限公司 Terylene four sides elasticity cloth dyeing technique
CN110283476A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-09-27 泉州师范学院 A kind of terylene can contaminate the preparation method and colouring method of natural dye

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1840777A (en) * 2005-04-01 2006-10-04 深圳市厚裕时装有限公司 Method for hand-painted coloration and dyeing of textile
CN101476207A (en) * 2008-12-19 2009-07-08 常熟市锦绣经纬编有限公司 Warp knitting terylene ginning velvet carpet and method of processing the same
CN102352545A (en) * 2011-07-01 2012-02-15 临沂绿因工贸有限公司 Water wave wool blanket and developing process thereof
CN103088541A (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-05-08 常熟市锦绣经纬编有限公司 Novel nap silk fabric and manufacture method thereof
CN104695240A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-06-10 太仓天龙化纤有限公司 Chemical fiber dyeing technology with ultraviolet protection function

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1840777A (en) * 2005-04-01 2006-10-04 深圳市厚裕时装有限公司 Method for hand-painted coloration and dyeing of textile
CN101476207A (en) * 2008-12-19 2009-07-08 常熟市锦绣经纬编有限公司 Warp knitting terylene ginning velvet carpet and method of processing the same
CN102352545A (en) * 2011-07-01 2012-02-15 临沂绿因工贸有限公司 Water wave wool blanket and developing process thereof
CN103088541A (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-05-08 常熟市锦绣经纬编有限公司 Novel nap silk fabric and manufacture method thereof
CN104695240A (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-06-10 太仓天龙化纤有限公司 Chemical fiber dyeing technology with ultraviolet protection function

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106192260A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-12-07 安徽中天纺织科技股份有限公司 The high-strength portable of a kind of water proof fire retardant and the preparation method of industry dyeing cloth
CN106192260B (en) * 2016-08-04 2018-06-15 安徽中天纺织科技股份有限公司 A kind of preparation method of the high-strength portable of water proof fire retardant and industry dyeing cloth
CN109403010A (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-03-01 浙江商隆印染有限公司 Terylene four sides elasticity cloth dyeing technique
CN109295764A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-02-01 桐乡市创新纺织有限公司 A kind of dyeing of polyester fiber
CN109295753A (en) * 2018-09-27 2019-02-01 桐乡市创新纺织有限公司 A kind of dyeing of polyester fiber
CN110283476A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-09-27 泉州师范学院 A kind of terylene can contaminate the preparation method and colouring method of natural dye

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