CN105458044A - Universal bending machine - Google Patents

Universal bending machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105458044A
CN105458044A CN201610019452.3A CN201610019452A CN105458044A CN 105458044 A CN105458044 A CN 105458044A CN 201610019452 A CN201610019452 A CN 201610019452A CN 105458044 A CN105458044 A CN 105458044A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
briquetting
knife rest
bending
bogie
folding machine
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201610019452.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105458044B (en
Inventor
李相鹏
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Jiangsu BVM Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu BVM Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610019452.3A priority Critical patent/CN105458044B/en
Publication of CN105458044A publication Critical patent/CN105458044A/en
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Publication of CN105458044B publication Critical patent/CN105458044B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D5/00Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves
    • B21D5/06Bending sheet metal along straight lines, e.g. to form simple curves by drawing procedure making use of dies or forming-rollers, e.g. making profiles

Abstract

The invention discloses a universal bending machine which comprises a slanting wedge knife holder which can vertically and horizontally move and a supporting frame which is positioned at the two ends of the slanting wedge knife holder and has the supporting effect, wherein bending knives are installed on one side surface of the slanting wedge knife holder; an angle pressing block which is parallel to the a slanting wedge knife holder is arranged on the bending knife facing the slanting wedge knife holder and is installed on a drive frame which can vertically move; the blade part of the angle pressing block is opposite to a blade of the corresponding bending knife; a bending platform for bearing a plate to be bended is arranged below the angle pressing block; the two ends of the bending platform are supported by the supporting frame; the angle pressing block is composed of a plurality of pressure blocks which can be clamped with the drive frame; at least one clamping table is arranged on the top surface of each pressure block and is matched with a clamping groove formed in the side surface or the lower surface of the drive frame; and when the clamping table on each pressure block is inserted into the corresponding clamping groove formed in the drive frame, each pressure block is hung below the drive frame. By the universal bending machine, materials can be bent in various shapes and at various angles, and can be bent towards different directions so as to meet various bending needs.

Description

Universal folding machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of universal folding machine, belong to field of mechanical technique.
Background technology
Existing bender bending angle is single, every platform bender only can realize a kind of bending angle set, therefore, when the bending angle needed is different, need to adopt different benders to carry out bending, add the space, place that the input of bender equipment and bender take, production cost is increased greatly.Especially for the transformation of existing production line, available place limited space, cannot realize arranging multiple stage bender.
Bender is when bending, and the steel plate entering bender needs to be compressed by pressure hornblock, then carries out bending by bending tool to steel plate.Current pressure hornblock is a rectangular entirety, heavier-weight, changes inconvenience; On the other hand, for the steel plate that width is different, pressure hornblock uses very dumb, if when steel plate width is too wide, pressure hornblock length is inadequate, cannot realize covering bending steel plate, if when steel plate width is too narrow, the structure at steel plate two ends may hinder covering of pressure hornblock.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is the defect overcoming prior art, provides a kind of universal folding machine, and a bender can realize multiple bending angle, and can carry out bending towards different directions, meets various bending needs.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of universal folding machine, it is characterized in that, comprise can carry out vertical and horizontal movement wedge knife rest, be positioned at the passive support frame in wedge knife rest two ends;
One side of wedge knife rest is provided with bending tool, arranges a pressure hornblock parallel with wedge knife rest towards the bending tool on wedge knife rest, and pressure hornblock is installed on the bogie that can move both vertically, and the blade of pressure hornblock is relative with the blade of bending tool; Arrange one for carrying the bending platform treating bending plate below pressure hornblock, the two ends of bending platform are by support frame supports;
Pressure hornblock comprises multiple briquetting that can fasten with bogie, each briquetting end face is provided with at least one chuck, match with the draw-in groove on bogie side or lower surface, when being inserted into when the chuck on briquetting in the draw-in groove on bogie, briquetting is hung on below bogie.
Wedge knife rest comprises a knife rest and is positioned at knife rest two ends and supports the installing rack that moves both vertically of knife rest;
Knife rest has upper and lower two knife rest bars at a distance of a setpoint distance, and be respectively used to installation one bending tool, bending tool is arranged towards the centerline direction of two knife rest bars, and blade is towards the side of knife rest;
Two knife rest bars are all connected at two ends and form support portion, and support portion and the another side of installing bending tool different are inclined-plane; The side, inclined-plane of support portion arranges a voussoir that can move both vertically, and voussoir has a cammed surface matched with the inclined-plane of support portion.
Voussoir is driven by the first drive unit be fixed on installing rack and moves both vertically.
Voussoir upper end has the projection of a protrusion, projection is arranged a through hole, and the locus between underbump and installing rack can hold lower first drive unit, and the driving shaft of the first drive unit stretches in the through hole of projection, is fixedly connected with voussoir.
Installing rack drives entirety to be in vertical motion by second drive unit be arranged on above installing rack.
The end face that briquetting contacts with bogie arranges an alcove, and the lateral surface of alcove and briquetting is formed through a passage; Arrange a limited block in alcove, limited block is connected with the control lever stretched in passage from briquetting lateral surface, is controlled the rotation of limited block by rotation control rod.
Face relative with the alcove on briquetting on bogie also arranges an alcove accordingly.
When limited block rotates, can proceed in alcove completely, not protrude from briquetting end face, or the alcove having at least a part of limited block to protrude from briquetting end face and enter on bogie.
Control lever adopts hexagon socket head cap screw or soket head cap screw.
The medial surface of the briquetting different with the lateral surface of briquetting is spill, and the one end being positioned at the spill bottom briquetting is the blade that the steel plate gone down with the steel plate upwards bent or bend downwards offsets.
The beneficial effect that the present invention reaches:
Universal folding machine of the present invention, a bender can realize multiple bending shape (comprising fillet and chamfering) and angle, and bending angle can reach 0 °-135 °; And bending can be carried out towards different directions, meet various bending needs.Especially, when the transformation of existing production line, available place limited space, only need arrange a universal folding machine of the present invention, can meet various bending demand; And universal folding machine of the present invention can dock with production line easily, realizes the production automation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is universal folding machine schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the longitudinal cut-away view in universal folding machine one end of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is wedge knife rest schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is voussoir schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is pressure hornblock schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is briquetting schematic diagram single in pressure hornblock;
Fig. 7 is the sectional view of Fig. 6.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described.Following examples only for technical scheme of the present invention is clearly described, and can not limit the scope of the invention with this.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, universal folding machine of the present invention comprise install bending tool 2 wedge knife rest 1, be positioned at the passive support frame 5 in wedge knife rest 1 two ends; The side that bending tool 2 installed by wedge knife rest 1 arranges a pressure hornblock 6 parallel with wedge knife rest, and pressure hornblock 6 is installed on the lower end of bogie 7, and the blade 66 of pressure hornblock 6 is relative with the blade of bending tool 2; Bogie 7 is driven by the 3rd drive unit 8 be arranged on support frame 5 and moves both vertically; Arrange a bending platform 9 below pressure hornblock 6, the two ends of bending platform 9 are supported by the support frame 5 at two ends, for carrying the steel plate needing bending.
Support frame 5 top may be used for arranging valve needed for various control or adopts fluid pressure drive device as the hydraulic system etc. during drive unit.
Shown in composition graphs 3 and Fig. 4, wedge knife rest 1 two ends are symmetrical arranged, and comprise installing rack 11 and a knife rest 12.Knife rest has upper and lower two knife rest bars 121 at a distance of a setpoint distance, and be respectively used to installation one bending tool 2, two bending tools and be oppositely arranged, blade is all towards the same side of knife rest.When needs carry out upward bending, bending tool 2 installed by knife rest bar 121 up, when needs carry out downward bending, bending tool 2 installed by the knife rest bar 121 of below, do not need to change knife rest, convenient and swift.
Two knife rest bars 121 are all connected at two ends and form support portion 122, and support portion 122 and the another side of installing bending tool different are inclined-plane 123.The side, inclined-plane 123 of support portion arranges a voussoir 13, and voussoir 13 has one and to match the cammed surface 131 contacted with the inclined-plane 123 of support portion.
Voussoir 13 upper end has the projection 132 of a protrusion, projection 132 is arranged a through hole 1321, locus below projection 132 and between installing rack 11 can hold lower first drive unit 3, first drive unit 3 is installed on installing rack 11, its drive rod stretches in the through hole 1321 of projection, be fixedly connected with voussoir 13, voussoir 13 driven by the first drive unit 3 and moves both vertically.
When voussoir 13 moves both vertically, the horizontal movement of band movable knife rack 12, makes the bending tool 2 on knife rest 12 move horizontally, converts moving horizontally of bending tool 2 to by moving both vertically of voussoir.First drive unit 3 is contained in the space between voussoir 13 and installing rack 12, makes compact conformation, and shared solid space is less.
Installing rack 11 drives entirety to be in vertical motion by second drive unit 4 be arranged on above installing rack 11.When installing rack 11 entirety moves both vertically, the first drive unit 3, voussoir 13 and knife rest 12 on it are all together in vertical motion, thus realize moving both vertically of the bending tool 2 on knife rest 12.
Second drive unit 4 is fixed on support frame 5, and its drive rod is connected with installing rack 11, moves both vertically for drive installation frame 11 entirety.
Preferably, the second drive unit 4 adopts synchronous servo hydraulic cylinder.First drive unit 3 adopts differential servo hydraulic cylinder.
In order to ensure the synchronism of the first drive unit displacement at wedge knife rest two ends, one grating scale being set respectively in the first drive unit side at two ends, absolute sense is carried out to drive displacement.
Shown in composition graphs 5, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, pressure hornblock 6 is made up of multiple briquetting 61 that can fasten with bogie 7, each briquetting 61 end face is provided with at least one chuck 611, match with the draw-in groove 71 on bogie 7 side or lower surface, chuck 611 on briquetting 61 can move horizontally and be inserted in the draw-in groove 71 of bogie 7, under gravity, briquetting 61 is hung on below bogie 7, and briquetting 61 and bogie 7 are in vertical direction without relative motion.
In order to avoid the briquetting 61 be fastened on bogie 7 is subject to having the External Force Acting of horizontal component, relative displacement is there is with bogie 7, the end face that briquetting 61 contacts with bogie 7 arranges an alcove 62, and alcove 62 is formed through a passage 612 with the lateral surface of briquetting 61.On bogie 7, on relative with the alcove 62 on briquetting 61 face, an alcove (not shown) is also set accordingly.
One limited block 63 is set in the alcove 62 on briquetting 61, limited block 63 is connected with the control lever 64 stretched in passage from briquetting 61 lateral surface, the rotation of limited block 63 can be controlled by rotation control rod 64, in the alcove 62 that limited block 63 is proceeded on briquetting 61 completely, do not protrude from briquetting 61 end face, at this moment, not by the restriction of limited block 63, briquetting 61 can be realized to be installed on bogie 7 or by briquetting 61 disassemble from bogie 7; Or, the rotation of limited block 63 is controlled by rotation control rod 64, limited block 63 is turned to and has at least a part protrude from briquetting 61 end face and enter in the alcove on bogie 7, at this moment, by the position-limiting action of limited block 63, briquetting 61 can stably be sticked on bogie 7, keeps level without relative motion with bogie 7.
Preferably, limited block 63 can adopt cam.
Preferably, control lever 64 can adopt hexagon socket head cap screw or soket head cap screw, does not protrude from the lateral surface of briquetting 61, and operating personnel are inserted in hexagon socket head cap screw or soket head cap screw by inner hexagon spanner, control the rotation of control lever 64, time saving and energy saving.
The medial surface of the briquetting 61 different with the lateral surface of briquetting 61 is spill 65, and the one end being positioned at the spill 65 bottom briquetting 61 is the blade 66 that the steel plate gone down with the steel plate upwards bent or bend downwards offsets.
Can select the briquetting 61 of respective amount and/or different in width specification according to the width of the steel plate of bending or special construction, multiple briquetting 61 is arranged in order and constitutes long pressure hornblock 6 and be hung on bogie 7, and the blade 66 of each briquetting 61 is positioned on straight line.Because each briquetting 61 is relatively little, operating personnel are convenient and strength-saving when installing/dismounting.When bogie 7 is driven vertical downward movement by drive unit, band dynamic pressure hornblock 6 moves downward together, is pressed on steel plate, then carries out bending by bending tool to steel plate.
The course of work:
When steel plate is driven on bending platform by automatic feeder (also can by manually by steel plate material loading to bending platform), the 3rd drive unit drives bogie and pressure hornblock vertical downward movement, is pressed on by steel plate on bending platform; Second drive unit drive installation frame moves both vertically, and drives the first drive unit, voussoir and knife rest to be all together in vertical motion, and the bending tool on adjustment knife rest is to suitable height; Then, drive voussoir to move both vertically by the first drive unit be fixed on installing rack, when voussoir moves both vertically, the horizontal movement of band movable knife rack, the bending tool on knife rest is moved horizontally, and bending tool promotes steel plate, and steel plate is carried out bending along pressing the blade of hornblock.By control bending tool move horizontally Distance geometry position, can realize being bent into different angles.
If need fillet be bent into, then coordinate the charging of steel plate again, after the every bending once of bending tool, the distance of steel plate feeding one budget forward, then continue bending by bending tool, so circulate, bending forms fillet.
Because having certain springback capacity after steel plate bending, in order to the shape and angle that ensure bending part meet the requirements, an integrated camera 10 is set respectively at the two ends of bending platform, integrated camera 10 is all towards the bending part of steel plate, captured in real-time is carried out to bending part, and the image of shooting is sent to control device such as computer etc. and carries out analysis display, so that in real time whether monitoring bending angle meets the demands.
When needing to carry out the bending of a certain shape or angle to steel plate, can first prerun roll over, after integrated camera shooting, the movement locus of analysis and regulation bending tool, after reaching bending requirement, then carries out batch bending by the movement locus adjusted to steel plate.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite not departing from the technology of the present invention principle; can also make some improvement and distortion, these improve and distortion also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a universal folding machine, is characterized in that, comprise can carry out vertical and horizontal movement wedge knife rest, be positioned at the passive support frame in wedge knife rest two ends;
One side of wedge knife rest is provided with bending tool, arranges a pressure hornblock parallel with wedge knife rest towards the bending tool on wedge knife rest, and pressure hornblock is installed on the bogie that can move both vertically, and the blade of pressure hornblock is relative with the blade of bending tool; Arrange one for carrying the bending platform treating bending plate below pressure hornblock, the two ends of bending platform are by support frame supports;
Pressure hornblock comprises multiple briquetting that can fasten with bogie, each briquetting end face is provided with at least one chuck, match with the draw-in groove on bogie side or lower surface, when being inserted into when the chuck on briquetting in the draw-in groove on bogie, briquetting is hung on below bogie.
2. universal folding machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that, wedge knife rest comprises a knife rest and is positioned at knife rest two ends and supports the installing rack that moves both vertically of knife rest;
Knife rest has upper and lower two knife rest bars at a distance of a setpoint distance, and be respectively used to installation one bending tool, bending tool is arranged towards the centerline direction of two knife rest bars, and blade is towards the side of knife rest;
Two knife rest bars are all connected at two ends and form support portion, and support portion and the another side of installing bending tool different are inclined-plane; The side, inclined-plane of support portion arranges a voussoir that can move both vertically, and voussoir has a cammed surface matched with the inclined-plane of support portion.
3. universal folding machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that, voussoir is driven by the first drive unit be fixed on installing rack and moves both vertically.
4. universal folding machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, voussoir upper end has the projection of a protrusion, projection is arranged a through hole, locus between underbump and installing rack can hold lower first drive unit, the driving shaft of the first drive unit stretches in the through hole of projection, is fixedly connected with voussoir.
5. universal folding machine as claimed in any of claims 2 to 4, is characterized in that, installing rack drives entirety to be in vertical motion by second drive unit be arranged on above installing rack.
6. universal folding machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the end face that briquetting contacts with bogie arranges an alcove, and the lateral surface of alcove and briquetting is formed through a passage; Arrange a limited block in alcove, limited block is connected with the control lever stretched in passage from briquetting lateral surface, is controlled the rotation of limited block by rotation control rod.
7. universal folding machine according to claim 6, is characterized in that, face relative with the alcove on briquetting on bogie also arranges an alcove accordingly.
8. universal folding machine according to claim 7, is characterized in that, when limited block rotates, can proceed in alcove completely, not protrude from briquetting end face, or the alcove having at least a part of limited block to protrude from briquetting end face and enter on bogie.
9. universal folding machine according to claim 6, is characterized in that, control lever adopts hexagon socket head cap screw or soket head cap screw.
10. universal folding machine according to claim 6, is characterized in that, the medial surface of the briquetting different with the lateral surface of briquetting is spill, and the one end being positioned at the spill bottom briquetting is the blade that the steel plate gone down with the steel plate upwards bent or bend downwards offsets.
CN201610019452.3A 2016-01-13 2016-01-13 Universal folding machine Active CN105458044B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105458044B CN105458044B (en) 2017-12-19

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107030155A (en) * 2017-06-24 2017-08-11 郭善财 Universal folding machine
CN108994125A (en) * 2018-09-04 2018-12-14 南京海长智能装备有限公司 A kind of long side bending machine that bending shape is changeable
CN109967618A (en) * 2017-12-28 2019-07-05 中铝材料应用研究院有限公司 A kind of the reinforcing rib processing mold and its processing method of bending part

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS58168440A (en) * 1982-03-30 1983-10-04 Murata Warner Suueeg Kk Blank holder device in plate bending machine
EP1009557B1 (en) * 1997-04-15 2002-05-29 Antonio Codatto A sheet-metal bending press
WO2007045770A1 (en) * 2005-10-21 2007-04-26 Arcelor Steel Service Centres Folding device with independent positive and negative folding arms
CN204018439U (en) * 2014-08-11 2014-12-17 安徽鲲鹏装备模具制造有限公司 A kind of shell shaper of R bending structure
CN205270456U (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-06-01 江苏比微曼智能科技有限公司 Universal folding machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS58168440A (en) * 1982-03-30 1983-10-04 Murata Warner Suueeg Kk Blank holder device in plate bending machine
EP1009557B1 (en) * 1997-04-15 2002-05-29 Antonio Codatto A sheet-metal bending press
WO2007045770A1 (en) * 2005-10-21 2007-04-26 Arcelor Steel Service Centres Folding device with independent positive and negative folding arms
CN204018439U (en) * 2014-08-11 2014-12-17 安徽鲲鹏装备模具制造有限公司 A kind of shell shaper of R bending structure
CN205270456U (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-06-01 江苏比微曼智能科技有限公司 Universal folding machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107030155A (en) * 2017-06-24 2017-08-11 郭善财 Universal folding machine
CN109967618A (en) * 2017-12-28 2019-07-05 中铝材料应用研究院有限公司 A kind of the reinforcing rib processing mold and its processing method of bending part
CN108994125A (en) * 2018-09-04 2018-12-14 南京海长智能装备有限公司 A kind of long side bending machine that bending shape is changeable

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