The content of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of chamfering rolling cut compounding machines of annular element.
What the present invention solved is that existing chamfer processing method and device needs to be sent into next process after chamfer machining
The processing of burr, to improve the precision of product surface, but existing burr removing method has certain limitation, such as operates
Carry out the problems such as not convenient enough, process is various, processing efficiency is low, and repairing effect is undesirable, and input cost is big.
The present invention solves the technical approach that its technical problem uses：The present invention includes workbench, control panel and from a left side
Rolling edge mechanism, active force mechanism and the trimming mechanism being sequentially arranged to the right side on workbench；The control panel respectively with master
Actuating unit, trimming mechanism and rolling edge mechanism electrical connection；The active force mechanism includes power source, is connected and pacifies with power source
Component is compressed loaded on the mounting platform on workbench and above mounting platform；The trimming mechanism includes cutter group
Part, the first slide assemblies and first hydraulic cylinder；The cutter assembly is installed on the first slide assemblies, first hydraulic pressure
Cylinder is installed on a side of the first slide assemblies；The rolling edge mechanism includes rolling component, the second slide assemblies and the first gas
Cylinder；The rolling component is installed on the second slide assemblies；First cylinder is installed on the one side of the second slide assemblies
Further, the power source of the active force mechanism includes motor, driving wheel, driven wheel, the second cylinder and transmission
Axis；Described transmission shaft one end is flexibly connected with the push rod of the second cylinder, and other end assembly is in mounting platform；Described is driven
Wheel is installed on transmission shaft, and axis connection is utilized using belt transmission, with motor between the driving wheel and driven wheel；Described
Mounting platform includes turntable and supporting table；The supporting table is fixedly installed in above turntable；The described component that compresses includes the
Three cylinders, wedge and press block；The wedge and the push rod of the 3rd cylinder are rotatablely connected, and the press block is padded under wedge
Further, the drive shaft cartridge be equipped with embedded in one end of mounting platform for pyramidal structure, among the turntable with
The corresponding conical depression of pyramidal structure, the pyramidal structure are interference fitted with the conical depression；The supporting table
Centre is equipped with the space for transmission shaft sliding.
Further, connected between the transmission shaft and driven wheel using spline, company is utilized with the push rod of the second cylinder
Fitting connects, and can be rotated in connecting component；Driven wheel can drive transmission shaft to rotate, and the push rod of the second cylinder can promote biography
Moving axis moves up and down.
Further, the lateral wall of the turntable is equipped with a circle baltimore groove, and a circle elastic component is installed in the baltimore groove.
Further, the cutter assembly of the trimming mechanism includes actively feeding cutter assembly and passive cutter assembly；Institute
The cutter assembly that actively feeds stated includes the first slide unit, the mounting base being installed on the first slide unit and the first push plate, is installed on
Fill the cutter on seat；First push plate and the push rod of first hydraulic cylinder are inconsistent；First slide assemblies include the
One backing plate, the first slide and be fixed on the first slide unit lower section and with the first slide cooperation the first sliding block；Described is passive
Cutter assembly includes pedestal, passive cutter and connecting shaft, and passive cutter is positioned on pedestal using connecting shaft and can be along connection
Axis rotates；The passive cutter assembly is installed on the first backing plate under mounting platform and with actively feeding cutter assembly phase
It is adjacent.
Further, the cutter is positioned at mounting base using rod piece, and the top of cutter is equipped with briquetting, and cutter can be along bar
Further, the rolling component of the rolling edge mechanism includes the second slide unit, the second push plate, is installed on the second slide unit
Support base, the second hydraulic cylinder being installed on above support base and the rolling component being installed on support base；First cylinder
Push rod and the second push plate are inconsistent；Second slide assemblies include the second backing plate, the second slide and are fixed on the second cunning
Below platform and with matched second sliding block of the second slide；The support base side installation displacement governor.
Further, the rolling component includes the 3rd slide unit, the rolling supporting block being installed on the 3rd slide unit and company
Connect fixed block；3rd slide unit and the second slide unit are perpendicular；The support base is equipped with parallel with the 3rd slide unit the
Three slides are connected between the 3rd slide unit and the 3rd slide using the 3rd sliding block；The rolling supporting block is equipped with rolling
Tabletting；The connection fixing block is fixedly connected with the push rod of second hydraulic cylinder.
Further, the rolling piece has two panels, is arranged in rolling supporting block and leaves gap.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows：What the present invention designed is the combination of rolling after first trimming during product chamfer machining
Processing unit (plant).Chamfering and the process of deburring are completed during rolling.The active force mechanism of the device not only acts as power source
Effect, moreover it is possible to fix product using the mode of expansion, easy to operate, good fixing effect.Trimming mechanism utilizes active blade and quilt
The combination of cutting blade is cut while realizing inside and outside wall.Rolling edge mechanism is product between being placed in two rolling pieces using cut edge
Friction is generated between two rolling pieces during high-speed rotating, so as to fulfill chamfering, deburring, deburring while completes, and has
It is improved work efficiency, the advantage for reducing process equipment.
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the present invention includes workbench 5, control panel 1 and is sequentially arranged at workbench from left to right
On rolling edge mechanism, active force mechanism and trimming mechanism.Control panel 1 respectively with active force mechanism, trimming mechanism and edge knurling machine
Structure is electrically connected.Control panel 1 is used to control the orderly work of active force mechanism, trimming mechanism and rolling edge mechanism.
Active force mechanism include power source, be connected and be installed on workbench with power source mounting platform, positioned at installation
Component is compressed above platform.Power source includes motor 11, driving wheel 10, driven wheel 14, the second cylinder 12 and transmission shaft 41.It passes
41 one end of moving axis is flexibly connected with the push rod 13 of the second cylinder 12, and other end assembly is in mounting platform.Driven wheel 14 is installed on
It on transmission shaft 41, is driven between driving wheel 10 and driven wheel 14 using belt 15, axis connection is utilized with motor 11.Transmission shaft 41 with
It is connected using spline between driven wheel 14, is connected with the push rod 13 of the second cylinder 12 using connector, and can be in connector
It rotates；Driven wheel 14 can drive transmission shaft 41 to rotate, and the push rod 13 of the second cylinder 12 can promote transmission shaft 41 to move up and down.It passes
Moving axis 41 and the connection of the push rod 13 of 41 and second cylinder 12 of connection and transmission shaft of driven wheel 14 can utilize other manner
Connection, as long as ensuring that transmission shaft 41 can realize the effect for rotating and moving up and down.
Mounting platform includes turntable 31 and supporting table 32.Supporting table 32 is fixedly installed in 31 top of turntable.Ring to be processed
Shape part can be with integrated stand at mounting platform, and Chamfer Edge to be processed is downward.41 assembly of transmission shaft is in mounting platform
One end is pyramidal structure 41-1, is equipped among turntable 31 and the corresponding conical depression 31-1 of pyramidal structure 41-1, and taper
Structure 41-1 and conical depression 31-1 is interference fitted, and the centre of supporting table 32 is equipped with the space 42 for transmission shaft sliding.Motor 11
Start, driven wheel 11 is driven by driving wheel 10, and then drive the rotation of transmission shaft 41, at the same time, the second cylinder 12 pushes away
Bar 13 is pushed down, and the pyramidal structure 41-1 of 41 end of transmission shaft is engaged with the conical depression 31-1 of turntable 31, turntable
The certain expansion of 31 whole generations, just so that turntable 31 is in close contact with annular element.When transmission shaft 41 rotates, turntable 31
Start to rotate, so as to drive the rotation for being installed on the annular element on mounting platform again.As shown in figure 3, working as completion of processing, close
Motor, control panel 1 control the push rod 13 of the second cylinder 12 to move up, and the pyramidal structure 41-1 and taper on transmission shaft 41 are recessed
Mouth 31-1 separation, turntable 31 are gradually decelerated to stationary state.
The lateral wall of turntable 31 is equipped with one circle elastic component 30 of installation in circle baltimore groove a 31-2, the baltimore groove 31-2.
When the pyramidal structure 41-1 on transmission shaft 41 is separated with conical depression 31-1, under the reset response of elastic component 30, turntable 31 from
Expansion state recovers to reset condition, at this point, annular element to be processed can be removed easily under mounting platform.
Compressing component includes the 3rd cylinder 35, wedge 34 and press block 33.The push rod of 34 and the 3rd cylinder 35 of wedge rotates
Connection, press block 33 are padded on 34 lower surface of wedge.Press block 33 uses plastic material.When annular element to be processed is installed to installation
When at platform, the push rod of the 3rd cylinder 35 pushes wedge 34 to annular element to be processed and is pressed on its top, mainly for ensureing
When cut, annular element does not shift integrally at the edge of annular element, influences the accuracy of processing.When comprehensively press block 33 connects
When contacting the annular element to be processed of rotation, wedge 34 can also be rotated around the push rod of the 3rd cylinder 35.
Trimming mechanism includes cutter assembly, the first slide assemblies and first hydraulic cylinder 4.Cutter assembly is installed on the first slip
On component, first hydraulic cylinder 4 is installed on a side of the first slide assemblies.Cutter assembly include actively feed cutter assembly and by
Dynamic cutter assembly.Actively feeding cutter assembly includes the first slide unit 6,2 and first push plate of mounting base being installed on the first slide unit 6
3rd, the cutter 38 being installed in mounting base 2.First push plate 3 and the push rod of first hydraulic cylinder 4 are inconsistent.First slide assemblies include
First backing plate 7, the first slide 8 and be fixed on the first slide unit 6 lower section and with the first slide 8 cooperation the first sliding block 9.Passively
Cutter assembly include pedestal 37, passive cutter 36 and connecting shaft, passive cutter 36 be positioned at using connecting shaft on pedestal 37 and
It can be rotated along connecting shaft, passive cutter assembly is installed on the first backing plate 7, under mounting platform and with actively feeding cutter group
Part is adjacent.Cutter 38 is positioned at mounting base 2 using rod piece 40, and the top of cutter 38 is equipped with briquetting 39, and cutter 38 can be along rod piece 40
When control panel 1 controls trimming mechanism feeding cutting slitter edge, cutter assembly is actively fed in first hydraulic cylinder 4
Under the promotion of push rod, on the first slide 8 sliding onto cutter 38 touches annular element to be processed, since the high speed of turntable 31 turns
Dynamic, in addition actively feeding the slow sliding of cutter assembly, slitter edge is cut outside in, is installed on the passive cutter of 31 lower section of turntable
The passive cutter 36 of component moved up along connecting shaft and rotates in the rotation lower band of annular element, so as to complete slitter edge from inside to outside
Cutting.It is inside and outside to cut together, improve processing efficiency.
Rolling edge mechanism includes rolling component, the second slide assemblies and the first cylinder 21.Rolling component is installed on the second slip
On component；First cylinder 21 is installed on a side of the second slide assemblies.Rolling component includes the second slide unit 19, the second push plate
20th, the support base 22 of the second slide unit 19 is installed on, the second hydraulic cylinder 26 of 22 top of support base is installed on and is installed on support base
Rolling component on 22.The push rod of first cylinder 21 and the second push plate 20 are inconsistent.Second slide assemblies include the second backing plate 18,
Second slide 16 and be fixed on the lower section of the second slide unit 19 and with 16 matched second sliding block 17 of the second slide.22 side of support base
Side is installed by displacement governor 25.
Rolling component includes the 3rd slide unit 27, the rolling supporting block 28 being installed on the 3rd slide unit 27 and connection fixing block.
3rd slide unit 27 and the second slide unit 19 are perpendicular；Support base 22 be equipped with threeth slide 24 parallel with the 3rd slide unit 27, the 3rd
It is connected between 27 and the 3rd slide 24 of slide unit using the 3rd sliding block 23.Rolling supporting block 28 is equipped with rolling piece 29, rolls piece 29
There is two panels, be arranged in rolling supporting block 28 and leave gap 43.Connection fixing block and the push rod of second hydraulic cylinder 26 are fixed and connected
It connects.Displacement governor 25 is used to controlling and adjusting the 3rd slide unit 27 distance of sliding, and then determine rolling up and down on support base 22
Tabletting 29 and the feeding displacement at annular element edge.
After control panel 1 controls rolling edge mechanism to start, the push rod of the first cylinder 21 contradicts the second push plate 20, promotes rolling group
Part slides onto annular solid edge to be processed on the second slide assemblies to be stopped.Start second hydraulic cylinder 26, the second liquid at this time
The push rod of cylinder pressure 26 moves up while has driven the movement for the connection fixing block for being secured to connection, since connection fixing block is consolidated
Dingan County is loaded on the 3rd slide unit 27, therefore has also driven sliding of the 3rd slide unit 27 on the 3rd slide 24.Due to support base 22
Side be equipped with displacement governor 25, then the displacement that the 3rd slide unit 27 moves up can be limited by displacement governor 25, ensure that and treat
The edge of processing is fallen between two rolling pieces, the process for completing rolling, as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5.
The operation principle of the present invention is first, annular element to be processed to be installed at mounting platform, the knot of supporting table 32
Structure design should be engaged with annular element, for preferably fixed and installation annular element.Secondly, startup active force mechanism, second
The push rod 13 of cylinder 12 drives transmission shaft 41 to move down to expand turntable 31, and turntable 31 has been tensioned annular element at this time, and at the same time the
The push rod of three cylinders 35 quickly moves down, and press block 33 is pressed on above annular element, ensures that annular element will not in chamfer process is cut
Offset above and below occurring, so as to influence machining accuracy.Second cylinder 12 is carried out at the same time with the 3rd cylinder 35, and the time of 0.05 second can
Complete the step.After being delayed 0.05 second using the time relay, press block 33 touches annular element, then motor is controlled to start work
Make.Motor is delayed 0.05 second after rotating, and cutter 38 is displaced downwardly to the edge to be processed of annular element in the promotion of first hydraulic cylinder 4, will
Slitter edge is cut off, and first hydraulic cylinder 4 resets.Again, after being delayed 0.05 second, the first cylinder 12 promotes rolling component to be quickly moved to ring
The lower section at the edge to be processed of shape part, the push rod of second hydraulic cylinder 26 drive the 3rd slide unit 27 to move up so that edge to be processed
It fairly falls in the gap 43 between two rolling pieces 29 and completes the formation of chamfering and the reparation at edge, as shown in Figure 4.Finally, the 3rd
The displacement that slide unit 27 moves up is controlled by displacement governor 25.It is processed by the rolling of -1 second 0.5 second, the push rod of second hydraulic cylinder 26
It moves down, Chamfer Edge is separated with rolling piece 29, as shown in figure 5, at this point, chamfering is molded, the push rod of the first cylinder 21 resets, motor
It is automatically stopped, the second cylinder 12 and the 3rd cylinder 35 also reset simultaneously, and transmission shaft 41 departs from turntable 31, and turntable 31 stops turning
Dynamic, press block 33 moves up, and the annular solid processed can be removed from mounting platform.
4 and first cylinder 21 of first hydraulic cylinder promotes the displacement of the first slide unit 6 and the second slide unit movement 19 by row respectively
Cheng Kaiguan is controlled, and specific displacement is depending on the size of product.Active force mechanism, trimming mechanism and each step of rolling edge mechanism it is orderly
Work is programmed control by control panel 1.