CN105396781B - Vibrate pneumatic separator - Google Patents

Vibrate pneumatic separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105396781B
CN105396781B CN201510566340.5A CN201510566340A CN105396781B CN 105396781 B CN105396781 B CN 105396781B CN 201510566340 A CN201510566340 A CN 201510566340A CN 105396781 B CN105396781 B CN 105396781B
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bin
light
integral type
collector
vibration
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CN201510566340.5A
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CN105396781A (en
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李烁
王琦敏
王淼
王效彭
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Bceg Resources Recycling Co Ltd
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Bceg Resources Recycling Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides one kind to vibrate pneumatic separator.The present invention is that the material for entering equipment is sorted according to the difference of in the presence of the identical wind-force caused movement locus of varying in weight of material.When material enters integral type tilt and vibration plate by charging aperture, in the presence of vibrating device, integral type tilt and vibration plate up-down vibration, thrown so as to will go into the material on integral type tilt and vibration plate, because integral type tilt and vibration plate has angle of inclination, material can move downward forward in the presence of vibration and inclination, air current spray nozzle gives material wind-force from the downside of integral type tilt and vibration plate, light material movement velocity gravitational material is fast under the action of the forces of the wind, and then the track of light material and heavy material is changed and progressively separated, finally discharged at different angles from outlet under the airflow function of bottom, simultaneously because the dust and tiny light material kicked up under vibration and wind-force effect can be collected by dust-precipitating system, high-precision separating effect can be achieved.

Description

Vibrate pneumatic separator
Technical field
The present invention relates to one kind to vibrate pneumatic separator, belongs to pneumatic separator technical field.
Background technology
At present, disposal of the China for building castoff, decoration garbage and house refuse is most of or simply to fill out Based on burying, and these rubbish are not " nowhere can use ", are considered as " precious resources mislayed " in developed country.Due to me The front end of state's rubbish is classified no strong legal assurance system, causes rubbish composition relative complex, comprising different specific weight, The material of different components, and wherein most is recyclable recycling, such as:Old metal is recyclable to be reused in steel processed, mixes Solidifying soil, brick and tile can be used as regeneration sandstone, plastics, paper, fabric etc. light material combustible burning electricity generation can be used as to substitute day The right energy.Sorting for light material is realized by pneumatic separator in composting.International state-of-the-art pneumatic separating at present It is as follows equipped with three kinds.
Japanese its composition of first generation pneumatic separator (JP 1998-174931 publications) is, by multiple slipping in " く " type Groove complications are longitudinally connected.In the middle body of the groove, provided with the feed hopper for being capable of supply that composting.Its operation principle is, Enter the rubbish of chute from hopper, influenceed by the ascending air being blown into from bottom land, the heavier material adverse current of proportion is fallen, temporarily Rest on storage hopper.And the lighter material of proportion is discharged from the top of chute with the air-flow of rising, pass through pipeline and enter point From air and the retracting device of suspension rubbish, consequently, it is possible to which light material is recovered, the light material that retracting device is reclaimed is high-purity The combustible of degree.But light weight thing and heavy material have situations such as mutually absorption or winding in the rubbish of admixture, cause light Material and heavy material separating effect are bad.
Japanese second generation pneumatic separator (JP 2003-164806 publications) is rectangular shaped frame structure, and pressure fan is sent Enter the air-flow of winnowing machine, from the lower section of perforation board slot by acting on material.The perforation board slot of conveying garbage is gradually reduced Stepped configuration.Its operation principle is, during rubbish moves from input port toward outlet, with perforation board slot vibration, thing The ladder that material is declined by multilayer, in the presence of wind-force and vibration, the upper-lower position of the material of different specific weight changes, light material It can lift up.Thus, it is possible to effectively light material in rubbish is sorted out to come by wind-force.But on the board slot for transporting rubbish, gently The situation that material is pushed down by weight substance, the air-flow for causing to blow up from below can not make the two separation, although under design is multiple The ladder of drop, but the light material adsorbed on heavy material can not only separate by upset.Sharpness of separation is difficult to the raising for having matter.
Japanese its structure of third generation pneumatic separator (JP 2002-1221 publications) is:Rubbish enters feed hopper, profit Rubbish spread out while conveying with oscillating feeder to outlet, nozzle is set towards front upper place below outlet, is sprayed High velocity air, nozzle are connected with pressure fan.Adjustable dividing plate is installed in front of nozzle, for separating heavy material and light thing Material.Its operation principle is that rubbish meets the high velocity air sprayed from nozzle in oscillating feeder discharge part dropping process, Light material crosses the dividing plate in front with high velocity air, falls into recovery position and efficiently separates light material and heavy material.But to The separated material of material machine outlet, the possibility re-mixed together is very high, can distribute in batcher discharge unit Only vibrating for centrifugation is waved, is unable to reach the requirement of sorting.Therefore, absorption mutually or mutual is sorted using this kind equipment During the rubbish of winding, most of light materials not separated can be produced, light material, which can be involved in heavy material, is considered as heavy material Recovery, and light material will be wrapped in smallclothes heavy material, be blown to the side of light material one.Sharpness of separation allows of no optimist.
The content of the invention
The invention aims to solve the above-mentioned problems of the prior art, and then provide a kind of vibration pneumatic separating Machine.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
One kind vibration pneumatic separator, including:Integral type tilt and vibration plate, top bin, bottom bin, charging aperture, row Outlet, feed box, spring, vibrating device, airduct, damping sleeve pipe, valve, air blower, damping connector, nesting box, light material Collector, motor, tiny light material collector, dust collector, air-introduced machine, horizontal gas flow nozzle and oblique air current spray nozzle, The top of described feed box one end is provided with charging aperture, and the other end of feed box is provided with outlet, and the bottom of feed box is provided with ladder The bottom bin of formula arrangement, the top of bottom bin are provided with integral type tilt and vibration plate, and integral type tilt and vibration plate top enters It is top bin in hopper, air blower is connected by airduct with bottom bin, and damping is serially connected with the airduct of bottom bin side Sleeve pipe, valve being serially connected with the airduct of air blower side, a bottom bottom bin is provided with oblique air current spray nozzle, remaining Bottom bin is provided with horizontal gas flow nozzle, and the bottom of feed box and the bottom of bottom bin are provided with spring and be used for and ground or branch Frame is connected, and the side of nesting box is connected with feed box and a bottom bottom bin respectively, on nesting box and feed box Between portion's bin, it is connected with damping connector between nesting box and a bottom bottom bin, the centre of bottom in nesting box Position is provided with light material collector, and the outside of nesting box is provided with motor, and light material collector is connected with electric-motor drive, discharge The top of case is provided with dust or tiny light material exit region, entrance and dust or the tiny light material of tiny light material collector Exit region is connected, and the port of export of tiny light material collector is connected with the arrival end of dust collector, dust collector The port of export be connected with air-introduced machine, vibrating device is connected with bottom bin, the elevation angle of the oblique air current spray nozzle for 25~ 45°。
In the prior art, composting, which only relies on, vibrates on groove, is mobile, overturning, and it is difficult to make heavy material and light material to be Reach preferable separating effect.
The operation principle of the present invention is the caused movement locus in the presence of identical wind-force that varies in weight according to material Difference come to enter equipment material sort.When material enters integral type tilt and vibration plate by charging aperture, vibrating In the presence of device, integral type tilt and vibration plate up-down vibration, thrown so as to will go into the material on integral type tilt and vibration plate Rise, because integral type tilt and vibration plate has angle of inclination, material can move downward forward in the presence of vibration and inclination, air-flow Nozzle gives material wind-force from the downside of integral type tilt and vibration plate, under the action of the forces of the wind light material movement velocity gravitational material It hurry up, and then the track of light material and heavy material changed and progressively separated, finally with not under the airflow function of bottom Same angle is discharged from outlet, simultaneously because the dust and tiny light material kicked up under vibration and wind-force effect can pass through dust Systematic collection, high-precision separating effect can be achieved.
Illustrated by taking traditional pneumatic separator as an example, in the winnowing machine of " く " type chute construction, institute's required airflow must expire Foot carries out comprehensively well-balanced air quantity supply when composting passes through chute.And in the present invention, institute's required airflow only needs to meet number Separatory air quantity during secondary drop, and blow to the air quantity of appointed part by thing is sorted.Air-supply air inducing used herein is set It is standby, it is that one kind can reclaim suspension, and the mini-plant of air is purified, it is cheap.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of present invention vibration pneumatic separator.
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 A-A sectional views.
Fig. 3 is heavy material, light material, dust or the schematic diagram of tiny light material separation.
Reference in figure, 1 is integral type tilt and vibration plate, and 2 be top bin, and 3 be bottom bin, and 4 be charging aperture, 5 be outlet, and 6 be feed box, and 7 be spring, and 8 be vibrating device, and 9 be airduct, and 10 be damping sleeve pipe, and 11 be valve, and 12 be drum Blower fan, 13 be damping connector, and 14 be nesting box, and 15 be light material collector, and 16 be motor, and 17 be dust or tiny light thing Expect exit region, 18 be tiny light material collector, and 19 be dust collector, and 20 be air-introduced machine, and 21 be horizontal gas flow nozzle, 22 It is light material for oblique air current spray nozzle, 23,24 be dust or tiny light material, and 25 be heavy material.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail:The present embodiment using technical solution of the present invention as Under the premise of implemented, give detailed embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following embodiments.
As shown in FIG. 1 to 3, a kind of vibration pneumatic separator involved by the present embodiment, including:Integral type tilt and vibration Plate 1, top bin 2, bottom bin 3, charging aperture 4, outlet 5, feed box 6, spring 7, vibrating device 8, airduct 9, shock-absorbing sleeve Pipe 10, valve 11, air blower 12, damping connector 13, nesting box 14, light material collector 15, motor 16, tiny light material Collector 18, dust collector 19, air-introduced machine 20, horizontal gas flow nozzle 21 and oblique air current spray nozzle 22, described one end of feed box 6 Top be provided with charging aperture 4, the other end of feed box 6 is provided with outlet 5, and the bottom of feed box 6 is provided with cascade arrangement Portion's bin 3, the top of bottom bin 3 are provided with integral type tilt and vibration plate 1, are in the hopper 6 on the top of integral type tilt and vibration plate 1 Top bin 2, air blower 12 are connected by airduct 9 with bottom bin 3, and shock-absorbing sleeve is serially connected with the airduct 9 of the side of bottom bin 3 Pipe 10, valve 11 is serially connected with the airduct 9 of the side of air blower 12, and a bottom bottom bin 3 is provided with oblique air current spray nozzle 22, remaining bottom bin 3 is provided with horizontal gas flow nozzle 21, and the bottom of hopper 6 and the bottom of bottom bin 3 are provided with spring 7 For being connected with ground or support, the side of nesting box 14 is connected with feed box 6 and a bottom bottom bin 3 respectively Connect, damping connector 13 be connected between nesting box 14 and feed box 6, between nesting box 14 and a bottom bottom bin 3, The centre position of bottom is provided with light material collector 15 in nesting box 14, and the outside of nesting box 14 is provided with motor 16, light material Collector 15 is connected with motor 16, and the top of nesting box 14 is provided with dust or tiny light material exit region 17, tiny The entrance of light material collector 18 is connected with dust or tiny light material exit region 17, and tiny light material collector 18 goes out Mouth end is connected with the arrival end of dust collector 19, and the port of export of dust collector 19 is connected with air-introduced machine 20, vibration dress Put 8 with bottom bin 3 to be connected, the elevation angle of the oblique air current spray nozzle 22 is 25~45 °.
Preferably selection is that the elevation angle of the oblique air current spray nozzle 22 is 35 °.
To solve the problems, such as that light material and heavy material sharpness of separation, construction of the invention are in composting:Utilize one Equipment is divided into top bin and bottom bin by formula tilt and vibration plate;Integral type tilt and vibration plate is from charging aperture to outlet side To box housing (housing band vibrating function) diagonally downward;In bottom, bin sets air nozzle supply air flow;Top bin Top it is parallel with integral type tilt and vibration plate, on top bin side set rubbish material charging aperture, in top bin Opposite side set outlet;The bottom of top bin and lower storehouse portion room outlet, (subtracted with the plastic film material parcel of softness Connector 13 is shaken, in order to which two casings are fully sealed, two are used as using the additional soft plastic film material parcel of canvas The coupling part of casing), the discharge chute of heavy material and light material after recovery separation is coupled;In the upper of discharge chute Side, dust collect plant is set, dust and tiny light material are separated;From the charging aperture positioned at box housing upper bin, to discharge Mouth sets integral type tilt and vibration plate, provided with several ladders, is allowed to produce drop.Below the ladder of each ladder, set and one The almost parallel air current spray nozzle of body formula tilt and vibration plate, prominent but no more than integral type tilt and vibration plate the portion from bottom bin Point, in order to avoid encounter the material of whereabouts.Nozzle is also provided with the bottom bin of outlet, nozzle angle is horizontal 35 ° of angles obliquely. Valve is set in air-supply arrangement, can adjust air current spray nozzle flow, makes the wind speed that outlet sprays than the wind speed that is sprayed from charging aperture It hurry up.Box case width proximity device overall width, it is elongated uniformly and to spray wind-force similar to the nozzle of air knife, multisection type is set as, It is faster than leading portion speed to set the air-flow spouting velocity of outlet side, and angle initialization will be sprayed and set into forward upward, these constructions The reasons why meter, is described as follows.Composting after broken, moved ahead if only vibrated on integral type tilt and vibration plate, it is difficult to by its In light-heavy material separate.Such as if press against above the light weight material such as film, paper stone or brick and tile etc. compared with Big weight substance, the transporting velocity of rubbish is identical with transporting velocity caused by vibration, it is difficult to separate.In order to separate this mixing The rubbish of state, stepped integral type tilt and vibration plate is mounted to, the rubbish of top and the bottom is overturn when falling, together When run into from nozzle spray air-flow, make absorption in weight substance light weight material separation.Such mode is repeated several times it Afterwards, separation probability will greatly increase.In last stepped portion, light-heavy material has almost been completely segregated, when meeting from most During the air-flow for 35 ° of oblique uppers that nozzle afterwards sprays, light material can arrange from the light material outlet in front under the action of the forces of the wind Go out.The air velocity of stepped portion nozzle, along with the speed of final nozzle, it is desirable to allow all light materials sorted out to fly to Recovery position is specified, it is necessary to more air quantity, therefore wind speed is faster, separating effect is better.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, these embodiments are all based on the present invention Different implementations under general idea, and protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, it is any to be familiar with the art Technical staff the invention discloses technical scope in, the change or replacement that can readily occur in, should all cover the present invention's Within protection domain.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be defined by the protection domain of claims.

Claims (2)

1. one kind vibration pneumatic separator, it is characterised in that including:Integral type tilt and vibration plate (1), top bin (2), bottom Bin (3), charging aperture (4), outlet (5), feed box (6), spring (7), vibrating device (8), airduct (9), damping sleeve pipe (10), valve (11), air blower (12), damping connector (13), nesting box (14), light material collector (15), motor (16), tiny light material collector (18), dust collector (19), air-introduced machine (20), horizontal gas flow nozzle (21) and oblique gas Flow nozzle (22), the top of described feed box (6) one end are provided with charging aperture (4), and the other end of feed box (6) is provided with outlet (5), the bottom of feed box (6) is provided with the bottom bin (3) of cascade arrangement, and the top of bottom bin (3) is inclined provided with integral type Oblique oscillating plate (1), the interior feed box (6) on integral type tilt and vibration plate (1) top is top bin (2), and air blower (12) is by wind Pipe (9) is connected with bottom bin (3), and damping sleeve pipe (10), air blower are serially connected with the airduct (9) of bottom bin (3) side (12) valve (11) is serially connected with the airduct (9) of side, a bottom bottom bin (3) is provided with oblique air current spray nozzle (22), remaining bottom bin (3) is provided with horizontal gas flow nozzle (21), the bottom of feed box (6) and the bottom of bottom bin (3) Portion is provided with spring (7) and is used to be connected with ground or support, the side of nesting box (14) respectively with feed box (6) and bottom one Individual bottom bin (3) is connected, between nesting box (14) and feed box (6), nesting box (14) and a bottom bottom bin (3) damping connector (13) is connected between, the centre position of nesting box (14) interior bottom is provided with light material collector (15), row The outside of hopper (14) is provided with motor (16), and light material collector (15) is connected with motor (16), nesting box (14) Top be provided with dust or tiny light material exit region (17), the entrance and dust or tiny of tiny light material collector (18) Light material exit region (17) is connected, the port of export of tiny light material collector (18) and the arrival end of dust collector (19) It is connected, the port of export of dust collector (19) is connected with air-introduced machine (20), and vibrating device (8) is connected with bottom bin (3) Connect, the elevation angle of the oblique air current spray nozzle (22) is 25~45 °.
2. vibration pneumatic separator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the elevation angle of the oblique air current spray nozzle (22) For 35 °.
CN201510566340.5A 2015-09-08 2015-09-08 Vibrate pneumatic separator Active CN105396781B (en)

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CN106076850B (en) * 2016-08-04 2018-01-05 北京建工资源循环利用投资有限公司 A kind of vibrosieve and wind-force and garbage sorting device
CN111167716A (en) * 2018-11-09 2020-05-19 义乌市铭耀智能科技有限公司 Light material separation device
CN110525890B (en) * 2019-09-02 2021-03-02 马鞍山市新桥工业设计有限公司 Fine material taking device of mining conveyor belt and operation method of fine material taking device
CN111054628A (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-04-24 鲍文胜 Garbage classification winnowing system
CN111774301B (en) * 2020-09-07 2020-12-15 山东凯欣绿色农业发展股份有限公司 Dry sand separation air flow conveying device

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JP3408139B2 (en) * 1998-03-05 2003-05-19 日立造船株式会社 Wind sorting means
JP3447236B2 (en) * 1998-12-28 2003-09-16 株式会社栗本鐵工所 Waste sorting equipment
JP3756805B2 (en) * 2001-12-03 2006-03-15 株式会社栗本鐵工所 Wind sorter
JP3735599B2 (en) * 2002-10-18 2006-01-18 株式会社栗本鐵工所 Specific gravity difference sorter
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CN205056461U (en) * 2015-09-08 2016-03-02 北京建工资源循环利用投资有限公司 Vibration pneumatic separator

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