CN106345691A - Garbage classification air separation machine - Google Patents

Garbage classification air separation machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106345691A
CN106345691A CN201611019573.4A CN201611019573A CN106345691A CN 106345691 A CN106345691 A CN 106345691A CN 201611019573 A CN201611019573 A CN 201611019573A CN 106345691 A CN106345691 A CN 106345691A
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China
Prior art keywords
sub
air channel
whereabouts
air
chamber
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CN201611019573.4A
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CN106345691B (en
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郑雨童
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郑雨童
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Priority to CN201611019573.4A priority Critical patent/CN106345691B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B4/00Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents
    • B07B4/02Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents
    • B07B11/02Arrangement of air or material conditioning accessories

Abstract

The invention discloses a garbage classification air separation machine. The machine comprises a shell, a distributor and a distribution air flue under the distributor. A garbage inlet is formed in the top of the shell, the distributor is detachably fixed to the upper middle portion of the shell, the distributor is located below the garbage inlet, a heavy material falling cavity and a light material falling cavity are formed in the lower space in the shell in a spaced mode, a heavy material sorting outlet and a light material sorting outlet are formed in the bottom of the shell, the heavy material sorting outlet is communicated with the heavy material falling cavity, the light material sorting outlet is communicated with the light material falling cavity, the light material falling cavity is far away from the distribution air flue, the heavy material falling cavity is close to the distribution air flue, the distribution air flue is communicated with a flow-adjustable air supply device, an air outlet is formed in the top end of the distribution air flue, and the top end of the air outlet and the lateral end of the bottom end of the distributor are overlapped or arranged in a spaced mode. The garbage classification air separation machine is simple in structure, small in size, small in occupied space, low in weight, capable of achieving garbage classification and sorting, and low in manufacturing cost and later maintenance cost.

Description

A kind of refuse classification winnower
Technical field
The present invention relates to device used in a kind of refuse disposal system, more particularly to a kind of refuse classification winnower.
Background technology
In present garbage processing procedure, the sorting of ordinary material is by the various sizes of material of classification sieve component selections , the shortcoming of the device of such sorting material is that screening efficiency is low, screening plant high cost, and is easily damaged, and not The rubbish of Different Weight can be distinguished according to weight.Also have now and carry out refuse classification using winnower, the separator currently using Structure generally includes support and is erected on support the cylinder of at least 13 revs/min of rotatable rotating speed and being erected at and props up Sub-material storehouse on frame and air-supply arrangement, described sub-material position in storehouse in described cylinder rear end, the axle center axle of described cylinder from front to back to Lower inclination, described cylinder is the loudspeaker shape that diameter is gradually increased from front to back, and the front portion of described cylinder is provided with charging aperture, Described sub-material storehouse front bottom end is provided with heavy burder collection port, and described sub-material storehouse rear portion bottom is provided with light material collection port, described air-supply Device is connected with described cylinder and/or sub-material storehouse.Such separator can realize refuse classification selecting crude drugs with winnower.But in the application its Weak point is that integral device is too huge, generally requires ten meters about, and rotary screen weight is heavier, volume is excessively huge Greatly, cost is too high, and repair rate is higher, and the later stage is run and maintenance cost is higher.
Content of the invention
The present invention completes to solve of the prior art not enough, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of structure is simple Single, small volume, takes up room little, lightweight, is capable of refuse classification sorting, manufacturing cost and later maintenance cost are than relatively low Refuse classification winnower.
A kind of refuse classification winnower of the present invention, including housing, be located at housing in tripper and be located at described sub-material Sub-material air channel immediately below device, described case top offers rubbish feeding mouth, and described tripper is removably fixed in described shell Body middle and upper part, described tripper is located at the lower section of described rubbish feeding mouth, and described housing middle and lower part space is at least arranged at intervals with Heavy burder whereabouts chamber and light material whereabouts chamber, described housing bottom is provided with heavy burder sorting outlet and light material sorting outlet, described heavy burder Sorting outlet is connected with described heavy burder whereabouts chamber, and described light material sorting outlet is connected with described light material whereabouts chamber, under described light material The chamber that falls is located away from described sub-material air channel, and described heavy burder whereabouts chamber is located proximate to described sub-material air channel, described sub-material air channel with can Adjust the air-supply arrangement connection of flow, described sub-material air channel top arranges air outlet, described air outlet top and described tripper Bottom side end overlaps or interval setting.
A kind of refuse classification winnower of the present invention it may also is that
Described housing is flat box body, and described separator is the sub-material swash plate of two pieces of top overlap joints, every piece of described sub-material Swash plate is from top to bottom to be tilted by outside mediad, and two pieces of described sub-material swash plate tops are located at described rubbish feeding mouth lower position Place, described air outlet is located at two ends about the top of described sub-material air channel, described two pieces of sub-material swash plate bottoms and described sub-material passage The described air outlet top of the left and right sides overlaps or interval setting, and described housing middle and lower part is located at two about described sub-material air channel Side is respectively provided with least one heavy burder whereabouts cavity and at least one light material whereabouts cavity.
Two pieces of described sub-material swash plate tops are located at described rubbish feeding mouth position directly below.
Described sub-material air channel center of top setting air devider, about described air devider, both ends are by described sub-material air channel top It is divided into left side point air channel and right side point air channel, described air outlet is respectively arranged at described left side point air channel and described right side point air channel Outermost end at, about the top of described air devider two ends respectively with described separator bottom about two ends be detachably fixed or one Body formed.
Described air devider is including two pieces of arc split-wind plates being outwards bent upwards from central authorities by bottom to top, two pieces of institutes The bottom stating arc split-wind plate is fixedly connected or is integrally formed, the top of two pieces of described arc split-wind plates respectively with described separator Bottom about two ends be detachably fixed or be integrally formed.
Described sub-material air channel left and right sides top is provided with arc exhausting plate, and described arc exhausting plate and described arc divide wind Form the described left side point air channel of arc between plate and air channel is divided on right side.
Described housing middle and lower part arranges at least two pieces rotatable and position adjustable cavity dividing plates or at least one circle is rotatable And the cavity spacer ring of position adjustable, described housing lower middle portion is divided into described light material whereabouts chamber and described by described cavity dividing plate Heavy burder whereabouts chamber, described heavy burder whereabouts chamber is located inside described sub-material air channel and described cavity dividing plate or described cavity spacer ring it Between, described light material whereabouts chamber is outside described cavity dividing plate or described cavity spacer ring and described inner walls between.
Described housing is flat box body, and the described sub-material air channel left and right sides is respectively provided with one piece of described cavity dividing plate, institute State before and after cavity dividing plate side respectively with described housing before and after side inwall offset, described heavy burder whereabouts chamber is located at described sub-material air channel And described cavity dividing plate between, described light material whereabouts chamber is located between described cavity dividing plate and described inner walls.
At least 70 centimetres of described cavity divider height, the distance between described sub-material air channel and described cavity dividing plate are 1- 1.5 meters, between described cavity dividing plate and described housing bottom inwall, distance is 1-1.5 rice.
Described housing is located at described light material whereabouts chamber and described heavy burder whereabouts top of chamber is from top to bottom provided with arc-shaped transition, institute Stating arc-shaped transition is outwardly radian.
Described tripper is cone formula sub-material cone bucket, and described sub-material cone bucket is located at immediately below described feeding mouth, described point Material air channel top ring sets described air outlet, and described light material whereabouts chamber and described heavy burder whereabouts chamber are circumferentially positioned at described sub-material respectively Between air channel outer wall and described inner walls, described light material whereabouts cavity ring is around setting described heavy burder whereabouts chamber periphery, described sub-material Air channel top is equipped with air-out groove, and described air-out groove top is overlapped with described sub-material cone bucket bottom or is provided with interval.
A kind of refuse classification winnower of the present invention, including housing, be located at housing in tripper and be located at described sub-material Sub-material air channel immediately below device, described case top offers rubbish feeding mouth, and described tripper is removably fixed in described shell Body middle and upper part, described tripper is located at the lower section of described rubbish feeding mouth, and described housing middle and lower part space is at least arranged at intervals with Heavy burder whereabouts chamber and light material whereabouts chamber, described housing bottom is provided with heavy burder sorting outlet and light material sorting outlet, described heavy burder Sorting outlet is connected with described heavy burder whereabouts chamber, and described light material sorting outlet is connected with described light material whereabouts chamber, under described light material The chamber that falls is located away from described sub-material air channel, and described heavy burder whereabouts chamber is located proximate to described sub-material air channel, described sub-material air channel with can Adjust the air-supply arrangement connection of flow, described sub-material air channel top arranges air outlet, described air outlet top and described tripper Bottom side end overlaps or interval setting.So, air-supply arrangement is according to the rubbish material species of mixing in the rubbish material sent into Select suitable wind speed and air quantity, suitable wind is delivered to sub-material air channel, the rubbish thing of classification will be needed by conveyer device Material is delivered to feeding mouth, and rubbish material falls from feeding mouth, and through tripper, overall material rubbish is broken up separately by tripper Left and right two parts or break up and share Kai Yiquan, the rubbish material of entirety or monoblock are first divided into first fritter, Ran Houjing Rubbish material after breaing up for the first time along tripper fallen downward, through the top in sub-material air channel during its whereabouts, Air outlet blowout wind to after breaing up material apply blowing force, blowing force to heavier rubbish material for example stone, glass, soil and The impact such as metal derby less, this class material free-falling or under wind-force effect slightly offset from falling direction after freely fall Body, such material is fallen into the heavy burder whereabouts intracavity near sub-material air channel and then is divided by the heavy burder being connected with described heavy burder whereabouts chamber Select after mouth is discharged and collect.The blowing force of air outlet is to the relatively lighter rubbish material such as thing such as the scraps of paper, plastics, dust, cloth and fiber Material impact ratio is larger, and this class material transverse shifting in the presence of blowing force does parabolic under cross force and gravity dual function The light material whereabouts intracavity away from the setting of sub-material air channel is fallen into, then again by light with what described light material whereabouts chamber connected after line motion Material sorting outlet is collected after discharging.And because air outlet top is overlapped or interval setting with the bottom sidepiece of tripper, make Obtain and at once selecting crude drugs with winnower (coincidence status) is carried out or in whereabouts one by air outlet effect after rubbish material is separated by tripper The wind being blown out by air outlet again after segment distance carries out selecting crude drugs with winnower (interval setting) and then separates inhomogeneous rubbish to its direct effect Material.A kind of refuse classification winnower of the present invention, with respect to the advantage of prior art is: structure is simple, small volume, takies empty Between little, longest distance is six to eight meters, does not use rotary screen, the simple air channel of use and tripper so that overall selecting crude drugs with winnower Machine is lightweight, is capable of refuse classification sorting under the action of the forces of the wind, and due to not using rotary screen, but selection uses and send Wind apparatus and sub-material air channel and tripper, the manufacturing cost of these parts and later maintenance cost all ratios are relatively low, part itself Spoilage low.Certainly, at least one relatively light material can also be arranged between heavy burder whereabouts cavity and light material whereabouts cavity to fall Cavity, carries out different grades of selecting crude drugs with winnower to the rubbish material of Different Weight, the rubbish material to different densities for the air outlet Impact different, the region falling under different densities rubbish material is different and then arranges different heavy burder whereabouts cavitys, gently The different types of rubbish material of material whereabouts cavity selecting crude drugs with winnower different densities.
Brief description
A kind of Fig. 1 present invention refuse classification winnower embodiment internal structure schematic diagram.
A kind of Fig. 2 present invention refuse classification winnower embodiment part splits schematic diagram.
Figure number explanation
1 ... housing 2 ... front panel 3 ... rear board
4 ... tripper 5 ... sub-material air channel 6 ... air-supply arrangements
7 ... feeding mouth 8 ... air outlet 9 ... heavy burder whereabouts chamber
10 ... light material whereabouts chamber 11 ... arc split-wind plate 12 ... sub-material swash plates
Air channel 15 is divided in 13 ... arc exhausting plate 14 ... left sides ... cavity dividing plate
Arc-shaped transition that air channel 17 is divided on 16 ... right sides ...
Specific embodiment
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings is described in further detail to a kind of winnower of the present invention.
A kind of refuse classification winnower of the present invention, refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, including housing 1, the sub-material in housing 1 Device 4 and the sub-material air channel 5 being located at described tripper 4 underface, described housing 1 top offers rubbish feeding mouth 7, described sub-material Device 4 is removably fixed in described housing 1 middle and upper part, and described tripper 4 is located at the lower section of described rubbish feeding mouth 7, described housing 1 Middle and lower part space is at least arranged at intervals with heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 and light material whereabouts chamber 10, and described housing 1 bottom is provided with heavy burder sorting Outlet and light material sort outlet, and described heavy burder sorting outlet is connected with described heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9, and described light material sorting exports and institute State light material whereabouts chamber 10 to connect, described light material whereabouts chamber 10 is located away from described sub-material air channel 5, described heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 position Near described sub-material air channel 5, described sub-material air channel 5 is connected with the air-supply arrangement 6 of adjustable flow, and described sub-material air channel 5 top sets Put air outlet 8, described air outlet 8 top is overlapped or interval setting with the bottom side end of described tripper 4.So, air-supply dress Put 6 and suitable wind speed and air quantity are selected according to the rubbish material species of mixing in the rubbish material sent into, suitable wind is conveyed To sub-material air channel 5, the rubbish material needing classification is delivered to by feeding mouth 7 by conveyer device, rubbish material is from feeding mouth 7 Fall, through tripper 4, overall material rubbish is broken up separate left and right two parts or broken up and share Kai Yiquan by tripper 4, The rubbish material of entirety or monoblock is first divided into first fritter, the rubbish material after being then passed through breaing up for the first time is along tripper 4 fallen downward, through the top in sub-material air channel 5 during its whereabouts, the wind of air outlet 8 blowout is applied to the material after breaing up Plus blowing force, on the such as impact such as stone, glass, soil and metal derby of heavier rubbish material less, this class material is certainly for blowing force By fall or under wind-force effect slightly offset from falling direction after freely falling body, such material falls near sub-material air channel 5 In heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 and then sorted after outlet is discharged by the heavy burder connecting with described heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 and collect.Air outlet 8 Blowing force is larger on the relatively lighter rubbish material such as material such as the scraps of paper, plastics, dust, cloth and fiber impact ratio, and this class material exists Transverse shifting in the presence of blowing force, falls into away from sub-material air channel 5 after doing parabolic motion under cross force and gravity dual function In the light material whereabouts chamber 10 of setting, then the light material sorting outlet by being connected with described light material whereabouts chamber 10 is received after discharging again Collection.And because air outlet 8 top is overlapped with the bottom sidepiece of tripper 4 or interval setting is so that rubbish material is by sub-material Device 4 carries out selecting crude drugs with winnower (coincidence status) or again by going out after the segment distance that falls by air outlet 8 air-out effect after separating at once The wind of air port 8 blowout carries out selecting crude drugs with winnower (interval setting) and then separates inhomogeneous rubbish material to its direct effect.The present invention's A kind of refuse classification winnower, with respect to the advantage of prior art be: structure is simple, small volume, takes up room little, longest distance For six to eight meters, do not use rotary screen, the simple air channel of use and tripper 4 so that overall winnower is lightweight, in wind It is capable of refuse classification sorting in the presence of power, due to not using rotary screen, but select to use air-supply arrangement 6 and sub-material Air channel 5 and tripper 4, the manufacturing cost of these parts and later maintenance cost all ratios are relatively low, and the spoilage of part itself is low. Certainly, at least one can also be set between heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 body and light material whereabouts chamber 10 body and gentlier expect whereabouts chamber 10 body, that is, Different grades of selecting crude drugs with winnower, the impact of the rubbish material to different densities for air outlet 8 air-out are carried out to the rubbish material of Different Weight Difference, the region falling under different densities rubbish material is different and then arranges different heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 bodies, light material falls The different types of rubbish material of chamber 10 body selecting crude drugs with winnower different densities.In addition, carry out as needed the rubbish material of selecting crude drugs with winnower weight and Rubbish species in rubbish material selects the air quantity in air-supply arrangement feeding sub-material air channel to be more than 1000 cubes ms/h, protects Card can be by the rubbish material selecting crude drugs with winnower of Different Weight to corresponding heavy burder whereabouts intracavity or light material whereabouts chamber.
A kind of refuse classification winnower of the present invention, refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, concrete on the basis of previous technique scheme May is that described housing 1 is flat box body, described separator is the sub-material swash plate 12 of two pieces of top overlap joints, divides described in every piece Material swash plate 12 is from top to bottom to be tilted by outside mediad, and two pieces of described sub-material swash plate 12 tops are located at described rubbish feeding mouth 7 Lower position, described air outlet 8 be located at described sub-material air channel 5 top about two ends, described two pieces of sub-material swash plate 12 bottoms with Described air outlet 8 top of the described sub-material passage left and right sides overlaps or interval setting, and described housing 1 middle and lower part is located at described point Material air channel 5 left and right sides is respectively provided with least one weight whereabouts body of wall and at least one light material whereabouts chamber 10 body.Housing 1 is flat Shape box body, that is, housing 1 front panel 2 and rear board 3 be arranged in parallel, housing 1 left side and right side gusset plate are by housing 1 front panel 2 It is fixed together with housing 1 rear board 3 or be integrally formed.Tripper 4 is the sub-material swash plate 12 of two pieces of top overlap joints, sub-material swash plate Before and after 12, side is separately fixed between housing 1 front panel 2 and rear board 3 it is ensured that entering the rubbish in housing 1 from feeding mouth 7 Material is divided into left side material and right side material to fall respectively in the presence of sub-material swash plate 12, it is to avoid material is before and after tripper 4 Without carrying out the selecting crude drugs with winnower of the air-out in sub-material air channel 5 under side leakage.Sub-material swash plate 12 top overlaps the rubbish material quilt so that falling The direct dimidiation of top lap-joint.And sub-material swash plate 12 is from top to bottom by inclination outside mediad, material dispersion is facilitated to open Tailing edge sub-material swash plate 12 free skating backwardness is sorted by the wind of air outlet 8.When sub-material swash plate 12 bottom and air outlet 8 top weight During conjunction, from sub-material swash plate 12, the detached rubbish material of landing carries out selecting crude drugs with winnower by the wind that air outlet 8 is sent at once.When sub-material swash plate When being spaced between sub-material swash plate 12 bottom and air outlet 8 top when 12 bottoms and air outlet 8 head clearance certain distance, Just selecting crude drugs with winnower is carried out by the wind that air outlet 8 is sent after one segment distance of landing detached rubbish material whereabouts from sub-material swash plate 12.Weight The advantage closed is can to carry out selecting crude drugs with winnower immediately, reduces the height of integral device.Described in further preferred technical scheme is two pieces Sub-material swash plate 12 top is located at described rubbish feeding mouth 7 position directly below.So permissible from the rubbish material of feeding mouth 7 whereabouts Mean allocation carries out selecting crude drugs with winnower to the left and right sides of sub-material swash plate 12 by the wind of air outlet 8, and the efficiency of separation is high and sharpness of separation is high.
A kind of refuse classification winnower of the present invention, refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, also may be used on the basis of previous technique scheme To be described sub-material air channel 5 center of top setting air devider, about described air devider, described sub-material air channel 5 top is divided by both ends It is left side point air channel 14 and air channel 16 is divided on right side, described air outlet 8 is respectively arranged at described left side point air channel 14 and described right side At the outermost end in point air channel 16, about the top of described air devider two ends respectively with described separator bottom about two ends detachable Fix or be integrally formed.So, in use, air-supply arrangement 6 is sent into sub-material by the air devider of sub-material air channel 5 center of top Wind in air channel 5 carries out separating so that it blows out respectively from left side point air channel 14 and right side point air channel 16, and is arranged on left side point Air outlet 8 air-out at air channel 14 and right side point air channel 16 outermost end carries out selecting crude drugs with winnower to the separating of garbage material along separator falls Effect completes the different classes of sorting to rubbish material.The effect of setting air devider is to facilitate ground volume wind in sub-material air channel 5 equal Even distribute the two ends to top, to separator separate after rubbish material carry out selecting crude drugs with winnower separate.Further preferred technical side Case is described air devider is including two pieces of arc split-wind plates 11 being outwards bent upwards from central authorities by bottom to top, described in two pieces The bottom of arc split-wind plate 11 is fixedly connected or is integrally formed, and the top of two pieces of described arc split-wind plates 11 is separated with described respectively About the bottom of device, two ends are detachably fixed or are integrally formed.So, two pieces of arc split-wind plate 11 bottoms are fixed, sub-material air channel 5 In wind separated herein, then evenly distributed to left side point air channel 14 and right side point air channel 16 by arc split-wind plate 11 and from Air outlet 8 blows out and the rubbish material after the separation fallen is sorted.And the top of arc split-wind plate 11 and separator bottom Left and right two ends are detachably fixed connection or are integrally formed so that air outlet 8 is overlapped with separator bottom, conveniently preferably carry out Rubbish material category sorting.Technical scheme still more preferably is: described sub-material air channel 5 left and right sides top is provided with arc Exhausting plate 13, air channel 14 and the right side are divided in the described left side forming arc between described arc exhausting plate 13 and described arc split-wind plate 11 Air channel 16 is divided in side.The wind in so air-supply arrangement 6 feeding sub-material air channel 5 is separately respectively fed to arc on the top in sub-material air channel 5 Left side point air channel 14 and right side divide the air outlet then dividing air channel 16 end in air channel 16 again from left side point air channel 14 and right side 8 send, the left side point air channel of arc 14 and have the advantages that side point air channel is that wind can divide wind along arc exhausting plate 13 and arc Plate 11 moves, and changes and accelerates wind to blow out from air outlet 8 while wind direction, the efficiency of separation is higher.
A kind of refuse classification winnower of the present invention, refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, also may be used on the basis of previous technique scheme Be described housing 1 middle and lower part arrange at least two pieces rotatable and position adjustable cavity dividing plates 15 or at least one circle rotatable and The cavity spacer ring of position adjustable, described housing 1 lower middle portion is divided into described light material whereabouts chamber 10 He by described cavity dividing plate 15 Described heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9, described heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 be located at described sub-material air channel 5 and described cavity dividing plate 15 or described cavity every Between circle inner side, described light material whereabouts chamber 10 be located at outside described cavity dividing plate 15 or described cavity spacer ring with described housing 1 in Between wall.So, it is not only able to realize to send into sub-material air channel according to the composition of material and weight come regulating air feeding device 6 The air quantity of the wind in 5 and wind speed are additionally it is possible to realize being adjusted heavy burder by the position of regulation cavity dividing plate 15 and the anglec of rotation Whereabouts chamber 9 and light material whereabouts chamber 10 are apart from the far and near position in sub-material air channel 5, and then make different densities and different types of rubbish Different rubbish material whereabouts intracavity are fallen into after material wind selection.Cavity dividing plate 15 can be set in housing 1 it is also possible to arrange one Circle cavity spacer ring, the different rubbish material whereabouts chambeies of convenient division.Cavity dividing plate 15 and cavity spacer ring can rotate to an angle, It is changed, that is, it can be 90 ° i.e. cavity dividing plate 15 and horizontal plane with horizontal plane angle with horizontal plane angle, Can also be that it is 60 ° or 150 ° with horizontal plane angle, that is, incline towards separator or away from separator in cavity dividing plate 15 top Tiltedly, and then so that the region falling under different densities and different types of rubbish material can be adjusted.And cavity dividing plate 15 He The horizontal level of cavity spacer ring can be adjusted, and can select each cavity dividing plate 15 He according to the component of rubbish material Cavity spacer ring (can divide in the case of setting multiple cavities dividing plate 15 and cavity spacer ring under multiple heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 and light material Fall chamber 10) apart from the far and near position in sub-material air channel 5, and then adjust the face of different densities different types of rubbish material fall area Amass and width, and then realize the precise classification of rubbish material.Further preferred technical scheme is: described housing 1 is flat Box body, described sub-material air channel 5 left and right sides is respectively provided with one piece of described cavity dividing plate 15, and before and after described cavity dividing plate 15, side divides Side inwall does not offset in front and back with described housing 1, and described heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 is located at described sub-material air channel 5 and described cavity dividing plate 15 Between, described light material whereabouts chamber 10 is located between described cavity dividing plate 15 and described housing 1 inwall.So left in sub-material air channel 5 Right both sides are respectively provided with a cavity dividing plate 15, and that is, the left and right sides in sub-material air channel 5 is respectively provided with heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 and Individual light material whereabouts chamber 10, rubbish material, after separator is separated into left and right sides downslide, falls into after selecting crude drugs with winnower under wind-force effect The described material whereabouts intracavity of the left and right sides completes the sorting of rubbish material.The heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 so separating and light material fall Chamber 10 structure is simple, low cost.Technical scheme still more preferably is that described cavity dividing plate 15 height is at least 70 centimetres, institute Stating the distance between sub-material air channel 5 and described cavity dividing plate 15 is 1-1.5 rice, described cavity dividing plate 15 and described housing 1 bottom Between inwall, distance is 1-1.5 rice.So can at utmost optimize heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 and light material whereabouts chamber 10 position and Fall into High definition, more preferably, sharpness of separation is higher for separating effect.
A kind of refuse classification winnower of the present invention, refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, also may be used on the basis of previous technique scheme To be: described housing 1 is located at described light material whereabouts chamber 10 and described heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 top is from top to bottom provided with arc-shaped transition 17, described arc-shaped transition 17 is outwardly radian.So, the advantage of arc-shaped transition 17 is to facilitate rubbish material doing parabolic Housing 1 roof will not be encountered in line motor process and change falling direction, simultaneously arc-shaped transition 17 process is simple, save space, Precision and the efficiency of sorting can be effectively improved.
A kind of refuse classification winnower of the present invention, refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, also may be used on the basis of previous technique scheme To be: described tripper 4 is cone formula sub-material cone bucket, described sub-material cone bucket is located at immediately below described feeding mouth 7, described sub-material Air channel 5 top ring sets described air outlet 8, and described light material whereabouts chamber 10 and described heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 are circumferentially positioned at described respectively Between sub-material air channel 5 outer wall and described housing 1 inwall, described light material whereabouts chamber 10 around setting described heavy burder whereabouts chamber 9 periphery, Described sub-material air channel 5 top is equipped with air-out groove, between described air-out groove top overlaps or is provided with described sub-material cone bucket bottom Every.So, from feeding mouth 7 enter housing 1 in material rubbish be dispersed into a circle in the presence of sub-material cone bucket, then along point Material cone bucket periphery falls, each square along it respectively under the wind action that the annular air groove at envelope material air channel top goes out blowout afterwards To doing freely falling body or fall to different classes of rubbish material whereabouts intracavity along parabola and carry out rubbish air blasting classification.Annular goes out Wind groove ensure along sub-material cone bucket all directions fall rubbish material all can carry out in the presence of selecting crude drugs with winnower freely falling body or Parabolic motion, it is to avoid rubbish material does not directly fall through selecting crude drugs with winnower, the efficiency of separation is higher, and sorting error rate is than relatively low.
Above-mentioned only several specific embodiments in the present invention are illustrated, but can not be used as the protection model of the present invention Enclose, the equivalence changes done by design spirit in every foundation present invention or modification or equal proportion zoom in or out, all should Think and fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. a kind of refuse classification winnower it is characterised in that: include housing, be located at housing in tripper and be located at described sub-material Sub-material air channel immediately below device, described case top offers rubbish feeding mouth, and described tripper is removably fixed in described shell Body middle and upper part, described tripper is located at the lower section of described rubbish feeding mouth, and described housing middle and lower part space is at least arranged at intervals with Heavy burder whereabouts chamber and light material whereabouts chamber, described housing bottom is provided with heavy burder sorting outlet and light material sorting outlet, described heavy burder Sorting outlet is connected with described heavy burder whereabouts chamber, and described light material sorting outlet is connected with described light material whereabouts chamber, under described light material The chamber that falls is located away from described sub-material air channel, and described heavy burder whereabouts chamber is located proximate to described sub-material air channel, described sub-material air channel with can Adjust the air-supply arrangement connection of flow, described sub-material air channel top arranges air outlet, described air outlet top and described tripper Bottom side end overlaps or interval setting.
2. a kind of refuse classification winnower according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described housing be flat box body, Described separator is the sub-material swash plate of two pieces of top overlap joints, and every piece of described sub-material swash plate is from top to bottom to be rolled by outside mediad Tiltedly, two pieces of described sub-material swash plate tops are located at described rubbish feeding mouth lower position, and described air outlet is located at described sub-material wind Two ends about road top, described two pieces of sub-material swash plate bottoms are overlapped with the described air outlet top of the described sub-material passage left and right sides Or interval setting, described housing middle and lower part is respectively provided with least one heavy burder whereabouts cavity positioned at the described sub-material air channel left and right sides With at least one light material whereabouts cavity.
3. a kind of refuse classification winnower according to claim 2 it is characterised in that: two pieces of described sub-material swash plate tops position At described rubbish feeding mouth position directly below.
4. a kind of refuse classification winnower according to claim 2 it is characterised in that: described sub-material air channel center of top sets Put air devider, about described air devider, described sub-material air duct top part is left side point air channel by both ends and air channel is divided on right side, institute State air outlet and be respectively arranged at described left side point air channel and the outermost end in described right side point air channel, the top left of described air devider Right two ends respectively with described separator bottom about two ends be detachably fixed or be integrally formed.
5. a kind of refuse classification winnower according to claim 4 it is characterised in that: described air devider be including two pieces by From the arc split-wind plate that is outwards bent upwards of central authorities, the bottom of two pieces of described arc split-wind plates is fixedly connected or one at bottom to top Body formed, the top of two pieces of described arc split-wind plates respectively with the bottom of described separator about two ends be detachably fixed or one Molding.
6. a kind of refuse classification winnower according to claim 5 it is characterised in that: the described sub-material air channel left and right sides top End is provided with arc exhausting plate, and air channel is divided in the described left side forming arc between described arc exhausting plate and described arc split-wind plate Divide air channel with right side.
7. a kind of refuse classification winnower according to any one claim of claim 1 to 6 it is characterised in that: institute State housing middle and lower part at least two pieces rotatable and position adjustable cavity dividing plates of setting or at least one circle is rotatable and position is adjustable The cavity spacer ring of formula, described housing lower middle portion is divided into described cavity dividing plate described light material whereabouts chamber and described heavy burder falls Chamber, between described heavy burder whereabouts chamber is located inside described sub-material air channel and described cavity dividing plate or described cavity spacer ring, described light Material whereabouts chamber is outside described cavity dividing plate or described cavity spacer ring and described inner walls between.
8. a kind of refuse classification winnower according to claim 7 it is characterised in that: described housing be flat box body, The described sub-material air channel left and right sides is respectively provided with one piece of described cavity dividing plate, before and after described cavity dividing plate side respectively with described shell Before and after body, side inwall offsets, and described heavy burder whereabouts chamber is located between described sub-material air channel and described cavity dividing plate, under described light material Fall chamber positioned between described cavity dividing plate and described inner walls.
9. a kind of refuse classification winnower according to claim 8 it is characterised in that: described cavity divider height is at least 70 centimetres, the distance between described sub-material air channel and described cavity dividing plate are 1-1.5 rice, described cavity dividing plate and described housing bottom Between portion's inwall, distance is 1-1.5 rice.
10. a kind of refuse classification winnower according to any one claim of claim 1 to 6 it is characterised in that: institute State housing and be from top to bottom provided with arc-shaped transition positioned at described light material whereabouts chamber and described heavy burder whereabouts top of chamber, described arc-shaped transition For outwardly radian.
A kind of 11. refuse classification winnower according to claim 1 it is characterised in that: described tripper be cone formula Sub-material cone bucket, described sub-material cone bucket is located at immediately below described feeding mouth, and described sub-material air channel top ring sets described air outlet, described Light material whereabouts chamber and described heavy burder whereabouts chamber are circumferentially positioned between described sub-material air channel outer wall and described inner walls respectively, institute State light material whereabouts cavity ring around setting described heavy burder whereabouts chamber periphery, described sub-material air channel top is equipped with air-out groove, described air-out Groove top is overlapped with described sub-material cone bucket bottom or is provided with interval.
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CN107243456A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-10-13 汶上县隆德药业有限公司 Fructus cannabis winnowing machine
CN112317318A (en) * 2020-10-13 2021-02-05 唐山市食品药品综合检验检测中心(唐山市畜牧水产品质量监测中心) High-efficient purification and filtration device of rice processing
CN112439486A (en) * 2019-08-29 2021-03-05 徐州市贾汪区金牛彩砖有限公司 A raw materials screening installation for fragment of brick processing
CN113967592A (en) * 2021-09-16 2022-01-25 金华职业技术学院 Giant centrifugal sieve washing device for combine harvester

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CN104084376A (en) * 2014-06-26 2014-10-08 河南永乐生物工程有限公司 Wind power crop purifying device
CN105127101A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-12-09 广西田林县农富康农副产品综合食品加工厂 Camellia fruit sorting machine
CN206567217U (en) * 2016-11-18 2017-10-20 郑雨童 A kind of refuse classification winnowing machine

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JP2007061737A (en) * 2005-08-31 2007-03-15 Jfe Steel Kk Sorting apparatus and sorting method of waste plastics
CN202984117U (en) * 2013-01-07 2013-06-12 成都首创环境工程有限公司 Horizontal type wind power garbage fine separator
CN203862550U (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-10-08 石林禾泽蔬菜速冻加工厂 Grain winnowing machine
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CN107243456A (en) * 2017-08-17 2017-10-13 汶上县隆德药业有限公司 Fructus cannabis winnowing machine
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CN112317318A (en) * 2020-10-13 2021-02-05 唐山市食品药品综合检验检测中心(唐山市畜牧水产品质量监测中心) High-efficient purification and filtration device of rice processing
CN113967592A (en) * 2021-09-16 2022-01-25 金华职业技术学院 Giant centrifugal sieve washing device for combine harvester

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