CN105363293A - Waste gas filtering device - Google Patents

Waste gas filtering device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105363293A
CN105363293A CN201410426963.8A CN201410426963A CN105363293A CN 105363293 A CN105363293 A CN 105363293A CN 201410426963 A CN201410426963 A CN 201410426963A CN 105363293 A CN105363293 A CN 105363293A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
filter
activated carbon
waste gas
flue gas
chimney
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Pending
Application number
CN201410426963.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王大刚
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Individual
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Individual
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Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201410426963.8A priority Critical patent/CN105363293A/en
Publication of CN105363293A publication Critical patent/CN105363293A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of environmental protection and particularly provides a waste gas filtering device. The waste gas filtering device comprises a gas inlet pipe, a filter, a connection pipe and a chimney which are sequentially communicated with one another, the filter is internally provided with an activated carbon filtering layer, and the activated carbon filtering layer comprises left-side activated carbon filtering plates and right-side activated carbon filtering plates; the left-side activated carbon filtering plates and the right-side activated carbon filtering plates are staggered at intervals from top to bottom and arranged on the left side and the right side of the inner side wall of the filter correspondingly; the outer wall of the connection pipe is provided with a spraying and cooling device. The waste gas filtering device is easy to manufacture and install, small in occupied area, economical and practical and beneficial to treatment of poisonous and dust generated in the coal combustion process, effectively solves the waste gas pollution problem and protects the atmospheric environment.

Description

Waste gas filter
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of environment protection, particularly a kind of waste gas filter.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of science and technology, the attention of people to environment is also more and more higher, and the discharge standard of environment is also more and more stricter.Few places still adopts burning coal to exchange the mode of heat energy for, containing a large amount of pollutants such as sour gas (as sulfurous gas), dust, heavy metal in the flue gas of fired coal combustion, therefore needs to carry out purification control to flue gas.
At present, people use maximum in flue gas desulfurization: absorb the sour gas in flue gas by absorbent slurry.The flue gas self-temperature produced due to fired coal combustion is higher, and the gas componant more complicated in flue gas, have higher requirement to the temperature tolerance of desulphurization plant, corrosion resistance, its desulfuration efficiency is also poor, and in exhaust process, have part dust accumulation inner at device, not easy cleaning.
And dust, unfiltered flue gas directly drain into air, the demand of not only discontented sufficient environmental protection, also produces directly harm to human body.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of waste gas filter, overcome above-mentioned shortcoming, it manufactures, install simply; floor space is little, not only economy but also practical, is conducive to disposing the poisonous gas and dust that produce in fired coal combustion process; efficiently solve exhaust pollution problems, protect atmospheric environment.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme provided by the invention is as follows: a kind of waste gas filter, comprise the air inlet pipe, filter, tube connector and the chimney that are communicated with successively, be provided with activated carbon filter layer in filter, activated carbon filter layer comprises left side activated carbon filtration plate and right activation charcoal filter; Left side activated carbon filtration plate and right activation charcoal filter from top to bottom interleaved are also located in the arranged on left and right sides of corresponding filter madial wall respectively; Tube connector outer wall is provided with spraying ventilating device;
The madial wall of chimney is provided with upper and lower staggered left supported plate and right supported plate, and left supported plate is provided with the pre-spraying ventilating device of flue gas, and right supported plate is provided with flue gas spray desulfurizer; Chimney bottom is provided with discharge outlet; Wherein, the bottom of filter is funnel type, and the opening part of bottom is provided with slagging-off valve.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows: 1, be provided with activated carbon filter layer in filter, and activated carbon filter layer comprises left side activated carbon filtration plate and right activation charcoal filter; Left side activated carbon filtration plate and right activation charcoal filter from top to bottom interleaved are also located in the arranged on left and right sides of corresponding filter madial wall respectively.After waste gas enters filter, run between the upper and lower every the left and right side activated carbon filtration plate be arranged alternately, activated carbon filtration plate forms the laddering stop of one deck, one deck to waste gas, most of dust in waste gas are kept off by the activated carbon filtration plate resistance of ground floor, small part dust enters the activated carbon filtration plate of the second layer along with waste gas and is kept off by the second activated carbon filtration plate resistance, the dust of few part is only had then to enter lower one deck activated carbon filtration plate or more lower one deck activated carbon filtration plate, after said process, dust is temporarily adsorbed in the activated carbon filtration plate of each layer, and after toxic emission stops, most of dust (dust on the activated carbon filtration plate of mainly ground floor and the second layer) is according to Action of Gravity Field, dust drops and is gathered in the bottom of filter, the number of plies of activated carbon filtration plate is decided according to the actual requirements.
Meanwhile, waste gas pours in layer upon layer activated carbon filtration plate and filters, and most of impurity in waste gas is cleaned; And one deck, layer of active carbon filter also form slow resistance to waste gas, have delayed the time of waste gas discharge filter, have improve strainability, active carbon itself has the function being absorbed with poisonous gas, in being the increase in the cleannes of waste gas simultaneously.
2, tube connector outer wall is provided with spraying ventilating device.When waste gas is after the first round filters, pour in tube connector, now there is the higher problem of temperature in waste gas after assembling in a large number, and spraying ventilating device can carry out the cooling of the first round to tube connector outer wall, suitably reduces the gas in tube connector; And carry out the best results of first round cooling measure herein, if arrange spraying ventilating device in the filter, cold water is when filter stays downwards, and cold water heat absorption can become hot water gradually, is unfavorable for cooling.
3, the madial wall of chimney is provided with upper and lower staggered left supported plate and right supported plate, and left supported plate is provided with the pre-spraying ventilating device of flue gas, and right supported plate is provided with flue gas spray desulfurizer.Waste gas after first round purification, finally enter into chimney, chimney interior is similar with filter, the pre-spraying ventilating device of flue gas and flue gas spray desulfurizer are located on two support plates of left and right respectively, first undertaken second by the pre-spraying ventilating device of flue gas takes turns cooling to waste gas, then desulfurization process is carried out by flue gas spray desulfurizer again, subsequently again by the cooling of next group flue gas pre-spraying ventilating device (quantity of left supported plate and right supported plate and the visual actual conditions of the quantity of the pre-spraying ventilating device of supporting flue gas and flue gas spray desulfurizer are arranged), so circulate; Realize the filtration of waste gas, make waste gas reach discharge standard, finally enter in air, protect environment.
4, wherein, the bottom of filter is funnel type, and the opening part of bottom is provided with slagging-off valve.After toxic emission stops, great majority are adsorbed in dust on activated carbon filtration plate (dust on the activated carbon filtration plate of mainly ground floor and the second layer) according to Action of Gravity Field, dust drops and is gathered in the bottom of filter, filter in funnel type, so dust rests on the opening of the bottom of filter; Operator only need open slagging-off valve or tap through the bottom surface of filter gently, and then opens slagging-off valve (this kind of situation, just in order to make dust drop fully at the opening part of bottom), and dust can be made to be discharged outside device.Meanwhile, in order to improve cleaning performance, also available water is cleaned, and after cleaning, is mingled with the sewage of dust automatically from the opening part discharger of bottom.
Further, the pre-spraying ventilating device of described flue gas and flue gas spray desulfurizer are equipped with two groups of shower nozzles.
Further, the both sides of described filter bottom offer and hold dirt groove, and hold the opening part that dirt groove is communicated to bottom.
Further, the exhaust ports of described chimney is provided with the active carbon slab for drying.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of a kind of waste gas filter of the present invention.
In figure, 1, air inlet pipe, 2, filter, 3, tube connector, 4, chimney, 5, left side activated carbon filtration plate, 6, right activation charcoal filter, 7, spraying ventilating device, 8, support of pipelines, 9, spray thrower, 10, left supported plate, 11, right supported plate, 12, the pre-spraying ventilating device of flue gas, 13, flue gas spray desulfurizer, 14, discharge outlet, 15, remove the gred valve, and 16, shower nozzle, 17 active carbon slabs.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention is a kind of waste gas filter, comprise the air inlet pipe 1, filter 2, tube connector 3 and the chimney 4 that are communicated with successively, be provided with activated carbon filter layer in filter 2, activated carbon filter layer comprises left side activated carbon filtration plate 5 and right activation charcoal filter 6; Left side activated carbon filtration plate 5 and right activation charcoal filter 6 from top to bottom interleaved are also located in the arranged on left and right sides of corresponding filter 2 madial wall respectively; Tube connector 3 outer wall is provided with spraying ventilating device 7; Spraying ventilating device 7 comprises support of pipelines 8 and spray thrower 9;
The madial wall of chimney 4 is provided with upper and lower staggered left supported plate 10 and right supported plate 11, and left supported plate 10 is provided with the pre-spraying ventilating device 12 of flue gas, and right supported plate 11 is provided with flue gas spray desulfurizer 13; Be provided with discharge outlet 14 bottom chimney 4, discharge outlet 14 is also provided with retracting device;
Wherein, the bottom of filter 2 is funnel type, and the opening part of bottom is provided with slagging-off valve 15.
In order to increase the spray scope of the pre-spraying ventilating device 12 of described flue gas and flue gas spray desulfurizer 13, the pre-spraying ventilating device 12 of described flue gas and flue gas spray desulfurizer 13 are equipped with two groups of shower nozzles 16.
In order to increase the control of dust bottom filter 2, the both sides bottom described filter 2 offer and hold dirt groove, and hold the opening part that dirt groove is communicated to bottom; After holding dirt groove convenient operator's use water filter rinsed 2, sewage can flow to opening part in dirt groove calmly and outside final discharger simultaneously, hold dirt groove play gathering sewage and guide effluent stream to effect.
The exhaust ports of described chimney 4 is provided with the active carbon slab 17 for drying; Active carbon slab 17 herein can dry the air in chimney, the remaining poison gas that simultaneously stability may exist, and again improves device to the filterability of waste gas.
Above-described is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; should be understood that; for a person skilled in the art; under the prerequisite not departing from structure of the present invention; some distortion and improvement can also be made; these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, and these all can not affect effect of the invention process and practical applicability.

Claims (4)

1. a waste gas filter, it is characterized in that: comprise the air inlet pipe (1), filter (2), tube connector (3) and the chimney (4) that are communicated with successively, filter is provided with activated carbon filter layer in (2), and activated carbon filter layer comprises left side activated carbon filtration plate (5) and right activation charcoal filter (6); Left side activated carbon filtration plate (5) and right activation charcoal filter (6) from top to bottom interleaved are also located in the arranged on left and right sides of corresponding filter (2) madial wall respectively;
Tube connector (3) outer wall is provided with spraying ventilating device (7);
The madial wall of chimney (4) is provided with upper and lower staggered left supported plate (10) and right supported plate (11), and left supported plate (10) is provided with the pre-spraying ventilating device of flue gas (12), and right supported plate (11) is provided with flue gas spray desulfurizer (13); Chimney (4) bottom is provided with discharge outlet (14);
Wherein, the bottom of filter (2) is funnel type, and the opening part of bottom is provided with slagging-off valve (15).
2. waste gas filter as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the pre-spraying ventilating device of described flue gas (12) and flue gas spray desulfurizer (13) are equipped with two groups of shower nozzles (16).
3. waste gas filter as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the both sides of described filter (2) bottom offer and hold dirt groove, and holds the opening part that dirt groove is communicated to bottom.
4. waste gas filter as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the exhaust ports of described chimney (4) is provided with the active carbon slab (17) for drying.
CN201410426963.8A 2014-08-27 2014-08-27 Waste gas filtering device Pending CN105363293A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410426963.8A CN105363293A (en) 2014-08-27 2014-08-27 Waste gas filtering device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410426963.8A CN105363293A (en) 2014-08-27 2014-08-27 Waste gas filtering device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105363293A true CN105363293A (en) 2016-03-02

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410426963.8A Pending CN105363293A (en) 2014-08-27 2014-08-27 Waste gas filtering device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN105363293A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105749693A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-13 宁波加多美机械科技有限公司 Kitchen waste fermentation gas deodorizing and purifying device
CN107970734A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-05-01 马鞍山纽泽科技服务有限公司 A kind of smoke eliminator
CN109865408A (en) * 2017-12-04 2019-06-11 孙兵 The full automatic treatment device of chlorine in a kind of production of calcium hypochlorite

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105749693A (en) * 2016-04-09 2016-07-13 宁波加多美机械科技有限公司 Kitchen waste fermentation gas deodorizing and purifying device
CN109865408A (en) * 2017-12-04 2019-06-11 孙兵 The full automatic treatment device of chlorine in a kind of production of calcium hypochlorite
CN107970734A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-05-01 马鞍山纽泽科技服务有限公司 A kind of smoke eliminator

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Application publication date: 20160302

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