CN105350741A - Wood-plastic flooring and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Wood-plastic flooring and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105350741A
CN105350741A CN201510711485.XA CN201510711485A CN105350741A CN 105350741 A CN105350741 A CN 105350741A CN 201510711485 A CN201510711485 A CN 201510711485A CN 105350741 A CN105350741 A CN 105350741A
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China
Prior art keywords
wood
powder
parts
layer
plastic floor
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CN201510711485.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾福明
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Jiashan Beima Hardware Parts Co Ltd
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Jiashan Beima Hardware Parts Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510711485.XA priority Critical patent/CN105350741A/en
Publication of CN105350741A publication Critical patent/CN105350741A/en
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Abstract

The present invention provides a wood-plastic flooring and a manufacturing method thereof. The wood-plastic flooring comprises a wood fiber composite matrix layer, a decoration layer, a wearing layer and an antimicrobial coating, wherein the decoration layer is disposed on the wood fiber composite matrix layer, the wearing layer is disposed on the decoration layer, the antimicrobial coating is coated on the wearing layer, the wood fiber composite matrix layer is manufactured through a rolling method, and materials of the wood fiber composite matrix layer comprise 100 parts by weight of polyvinyl chloride powder, 8-9 parts by weight of a plasticizer, 5-6 parts by weight of silicone powder, 300-350 parts by weight of wood fiber powder and 1-10 parts by weight of a stabilizer. According to the wood-plastic flooring and the manufacturing method thereof, problems that wooden floors are easy to swell after water absorption, crack and deform and that composite floors contain formaldehyde and pollute the environment are solved, and an antiseptic function is realized at the same time.

Description

Wood-plastic floor and manufacture method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of construction and decoration materials, be specifically related to a kind of Wood-plastic floor and manufacture method thereof.
Background technology
At present, in finishing field, flooring pavement material is generally various wood floors or compoiste wood floor.The feel of wood floors is pleasant, but easily imbibition or drying distortions, in use often occurs contraction, dilatancy, warps, problems of crack, and need at substantial timber, the production cycle is longer, and cost is higher, and a large amount of use can destroy forest, unsustainable.A kind of floor that compoiste wood floor mainly utilizes wood chip and adhesive and other additive to be formed through mixing extruding, its surface color and polish enriches, and cost is low, but there is the problems such as easily water suction distortion, and the subject matter on this floor is release formaldehyde, serious harm health, not environmentally.In addition, Wood-plastic floor of the prior art after long-term use, Wood-plastic floor becomes easily infected by germ, when child creeps on floor, affects the healthy of child.
Summary of the invention
Have in view of that, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of Wood-plastic floor, to solve the problems of the technologies described above.
The invention provides a kind of Wood-plastic floor, comprise wood fibre complex matrix layer, decorative layer, wearing layer and antimicrobial coating, described decorative layer is positioned at the top of described wood fibre complex matrix layer, described wearing layer is positioned at the top of described decorative layer, described antimicrobial coating is coated on described wearing layer, described wood fibre complex matrix layer is made up of rolling process, the material of described wood fibre complex matrix layer comprises polyvinyl chloride powder, plasticizing agent, silicone powder, wood fiber powder and stabilizing agent, calculate according to parts by weight, described polyvinyl chloride powder is 100 parts, described plasticizing agent is 8 ~ 9 parts, described silicone powder 5 ~ 6 parts, described wood fiber powder is 300 ~ 350 parts, described stabilizing agent is 1 ~ 10 part.
Further, described antimicrobial coating is photocatalyst layer.
Further, the thickness of described photocatalyst layer is between 100 ~ 110um.
Further, the material of described wood fibre complex matrix layer also comprises for carrying out pretreated coupling agent to the surface of described wood fiber powder, and calculates according to parts by weight, and the parts by weight of described coupling agent are 13 ~ 18 parts.
Further, described coupling agent is at least one in silane coupling agent, titante coupling agent, aluminate coupling agent.
The present invention also provides a kind of manufacture method of Wood-plastic floor, comprises the following steps:
Calculate according to parts by weight, get 100 parts of polyvinyl chloride powder, 8 ~ 9 parts of plasticizing agent, 5 ~ 6 parts of silicone powder, 1 ~ 10 part of stabilizing agent, and by described PVC powder, described plasticizing agent, described silicone powder and described stabilizing agent premixed;
Calculate according to parts by weight, get 300 ~ 350 parts of wood fiber powders, and the mixed powder of described wood fiber powder and PVC powder, described plasticizing agent, described silicone powder and described stabilizing agent is mixed into compound;
Compound calendering is formed the wood fibre complex matrix layer of Wood-plastic floor.
Further, the manufacture method of described Wood-plastic floor also comprises:
Described wood fibre complex matrix layer sequentially arranges decorative layer and wearing layer;
Hot pressing is carried out under the pressure of the temperature of 110-135 DEG C and 25-180MPA; And
Carry out anti-biotic material coating processing on wearing layer surface, form antimicrobial coating.
Further, the manufacture method of described Wood-plastic floor also comprises:
In wood fiber powder, add coupling agent, make modification wood fiber powder;
Be modification wood fiber powder the mixed powder of wood fiber powder and PVC powder, plasticizing agent, silicone powder and stabilizing agent is mixed into the wood fiber powder be mixed in the step of compound.
Due to the utilization of technique scheme, the present invention compared with prior art has following advantages:
Wood-plastic floor of the present invention and manufacture method thereof can overcome the easy imbibition of wood floors, craze and transfiguration and compoiste wood floor and contain the problem such as formaldehyde, contaminated environment, can play the effect of sterilization simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the Wood-plastic floor that the embodiment of the present invention provides.
Fig. 2 is the flow chart of the manufacture method of Wood-plastic floor of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearly understand, below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention also with reference to accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in more detail.Should be appreciated that, these describe just exemplary, and do not really want to limit the scope of the invention.In addition, in the following description, the description to known features and technology is eliminated, to avoid unnecessarily obscuring concept of the present invention.
Refer to Fig. 1, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of Wood-plastic floor, comprises wood fibre complex matrix layer 11, decorative layer 12, wearing layer 13 and antimicrobial coating 14.
Wherein, the material of wood fibre complex matrix layer 11 comprises polyvinyl chloride powder (PVC powder), plasticizing agent, silicone powder, wood fiber powder and stabilizing agent, and wood fibre complex matrix layer 11 is made up of rolling process.Wood fiber powder is such as the mixture of one or more in wood powder, bamboo powder, rice husk powder and powder of straw, and the particle diameter of wood fiber powder is such as 700 orders.Wherein, calculate according to parts by weight, the parts by weight of polyvinyl chloride powder (PVC powder), plasticizing agent, silicone powder, wood fiber powder and stabilizing agent are respectively: 100 parts, polyvinyl chloride powder, 8 ~ 9 parts, plasticizing agent, silicone powder 5 ~ 6 parts, wood fiber powder 300 ~ 350 parts, stabilizing agent 1 ~ 10 part.
Further, the material of wood fibre complex matrix layer 11 also comprises coupling agent, and the parts by weight of coupling agent are 13 ~ 18 parts.
Concrete, when manufacturing wood fibre complex matrix layer 11, such as get the PVC powder of 100 parts, the plasticizing agent of 8 ~ 9 parts can be got accordingly, the silicone powder of 5 ~ 6 parts, the wood fiber powder of 300 ~ 350 parts, the coupling agent of 13 ~ 18 parts, the stabilizing agent of 1 ~ 10 part, then above-mentioned material is mixed in a certain order, concrete, wood fiber powder first mixes with coupling agent, PVC powder elder generation and plasticizing agent, silicone powder and stabilizing agent mixing, and then by the mixture of wood fiber powder and coupling agent and PVC powder, plasticizing agent, silicone powder mixes mutually with the mixture of stabilizing agent, then through mixing, calendering and cooling forming, finally form wood fibre complex matrix layer 11 according to certain specification cutting.
Decorative layer 12 is positioned at the top of wood fibre complex matrix layer 11, it prints various pattern and forms, be mainly used in making Wood-plastic floor have good visual effect.
Wearing layer 13 is positioned at the top of decorative layer 12, it typically is the hyaline layer be made up of PVC material, for increasing the abrasion resistance of Wood-plastic floor, reduces the wearing and tearing of Wood-plastic floor.
Antimicrobial coating 14 is coated on wearing layer 13, to murder germ.
In the present embodiment, antimicrobial coating 14 is photocatalyst layer.Photocatalyst forms photocatalyst layer after being coated on the dry tack free of wearing layer 13, under the effect of light, produces strong catalytic degradation function: toxic and harmful in air of effectively degrading; Effectively can kill various bacteria, antibiotic rate is up to 99.99%, and the toxin that bacterium or fungi can be discharged decomposes and harmless treatment; Also possesses the function such as deodorizing, anti-soil simultaneously.Preferably, the thickness of photocatalyst layer, can fully sterilization to ensure that floor tile moulded by wood of the present invention between 100 ~ 110um.
It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, coupling agent is that special coupling agent moulded by wood, be such as a kind of in silane coupling agent, titante coupling agent, aluminate coupling agent or their composite coupler, coupling agent is used for anticipating the surface of wood fiber powder, to improve the interface affinity between PVC powder and wood fiber powder, strengthen compatibility between the two.Silicone powder for improve wood fibre complex matrix layer 11 hot strength, oil resistivity, abrasion resistance.
Please refer to Fig. 2, present invention also offers a kind of manufacture method of Wood-plastic floor, it comprises the following steps:
Step s1: add coupling agent in wood fiber powder, makes modification wood fiber powder, and then improves the compatibility of wood fiber powder and PVC powder.Concrete, one or more mixtures in wood powder, bamboo powder, rice husk powder and powder of straw are dry at certain temperature (such as 105-110 DEG C), until moisture≤3%, then wood fiber powder be placed in high mixer and add coupling agent, mix and blend certain hour (such as 15 ~ 25min), for subsequent use to obtain modification wood fiber powder.More specifically, in the present embodiment, calculate according to parts by weight, the parts by weight of coupling agent and wood fiber powder are respectively: 13 ~ 18 parts, 300 ~ 350 parts.
Step s2: PVC powder, plasticizing agent, silicone powder and stabilizing agent are carried out premixed, makes PVC powder absorb plasticizing agent completely.Wherein, calculate according to parts by weight, the parts by weight of PVC powder, plasticizing agent, silicone powder and stabilizing agent are respectively 100 parts, 8 ~ 9 parts, 5 ~ 6 parts, 1 ~ 10 part.
Step s3: modification wood fiber powder and the mixed powder of PVC powder, plasticizing agent, silicone powder and stabilizing agent are carried out mix (such as heat is mixed), and then form compound.
Step s4: the wood fibre complex matrix layer 11 compound calendering being formed Wood-plastic floor.Concrete, above-mentioned compound after mixing, calendering and cooling forming, according to certain specification cutting to form wood fibre complex matrix layer 11.
Step s5: decorative layer 12, wearing layer 13 and antimicrobial coating 14 are sequentially set on base layer 11.
Step s6: carry out heat pressing process, to form Wood-plastic floor under uniform temperature (such as 110-135 DEG C) and certain pressure (such as 25-180MPA).
Step s7: carry out anti-biotic material coating processing on wearing layer 13 surface, forms antimicrobial coating 14.
Wood-plastic floor of the present invention and manufacture method thereof can overcome the easy imbibition of wood floors, craze and transfiguration and compoiste wood floor and contain the problem such as formaldehyde, contaminated environment, can play the effect of sterilization simultaneously.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment made, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. a Wood-plastic floor, it is characterized in that, comprise wood fibre complex matrix layer (11), decorative layer (12), wearing layer (13) and antimicrobial coating (14), described decorative layer (12) is positioned at the top of described wood fibre complex matrix layer (11), described wearing layer (13) is positioned at the top of described decorative layer (12), described antimicrobial coating (14) is coated on described wearing layer (13), described wood fibre complex matrix layer (11) is made up of rolling process, the material of described wood fibre complex matrix layer (11) comprises polyvinyl chloride powder, plasticizing agent, silicone powder, wood fiber powder and stabilizing agent, calculate according to parts by weight, described polyvinyl chloride powder is 100 parts, described plasticizing agent is 8 ~ 9 parts, described silicone powder 5 ~ 6 parts, described wood fiber powder is 300 ~ 350 parts, described stabilizing agent is 1 ~ 10 part.
2. Wood-plastic floor according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described antimicrobial coating (14) is photocatalyst layer.
3. Wood-plastic floor according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the thickness of described photocatalyst layer is between 100 ~ 110um.
4. Wood-plastic floor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the material of described wood fibre complex matrix layer (11) also comprises for carrying out pretreated coupling agent to the surface of described wood fiber powder, and calculate according to parts by weight, the parts by weight of described coupling agent are 13 ~ 18 parts.
5. Wood-plastic floor according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described coupling agent is at least one in silane coupling agent, titante coupling agent, aluminate coupling agent.
6. a manufacture method for Wood-plastic floor, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Calculate according to parts by weight, get 100 parts of polyvinyl chloride powder, 8 ~ 9 parts of plasticizing agent, 5 ~ 6 parts of silicone powder, 1 ~ 10 part of stabilizing agent, and by described PVC powder, described plasticizing agent, described silicone powder and described stabilizing agent premixed;
Calculate according to parts by weight, get 300 ~ 350 parts of wood fiber powders, and the mixed powder of described wood fiber powder and PVC powder, described plasticizing agent, described silicone powder and described stabilizing agent is mixed into compound;
Compound calendering is formed the wood fibre complex matrix layer (11) of Wood-plastic floor.
7. the manufacture method of Wood-plastic floor as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, the manufacture method of described Wood-plastic floor also comprises:
Described wood fibre complex matrix layer (11) sequentially arranges decorative layer (12) and wearing layer (13);
Hot pressing is carried out under the pressure of the temperature of 110-135 DEG C and 25-180MPA; And
Carry out anti-biotic material coating processing on wearing layer (13) surface, form antimicrobial coating (14).
8. the manufacture method of Wood-plastic floor as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, described manufacture method also comprises:
In wood fiber powder, add coupling agent, make modification wood fiber powder;
Be modification wood fiber powder the mixed powder of wood fiber powder and PVC powder, plasticizing agent, silicone powder and stabilizing agent is mixed into the wood fiber powder be mixed in the step of compound.
CN201510711485.XA 2015-10-28 2015-10-28 Wood-plastic flooring and manufacturing method thereof Pending CN105350741A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106183293A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-12-07 安徽国风木塑科技有限公司 A kind of Wood-plastic floor
CN108699844A (en) * 2015-12-09 2018-10-23 株式会社绿水 Flooring block containing textile material and its manufacturing method
US10836908B2 (en) 2018-02-01 2020-11-17 Dow Silicones Corporation Composition, polymer composite article formed therewith, and method of preparing same
US11312861B2 (en) 2019-08-07 2022-04-26 Dow Silicones Corporation Solid carrier component including a liquid polyorganosiloxane and methods for preparation and use of the solid carrier component
US11312862B2 (en) 2019-08-07 2022-04-26 Dow Silicones Corporation Solid carrier component including a liquid polydiorganosiloxane and methods for preparation and use of the solid carrier component
US11377561B2 (en) 2019-08-07 2022-07-05 Dow Silicones Corporation Alkenyl-functional polydiorganosiloxane compositions and methods for use thereof in forming wood plastic composites
CN115678303A (en) * 2022-10-25 2023-02-03 安徽森泰木塑集团股份有限公司 Wood-plastic floor and manufacturing method thereof
US11820898B2 (en) 2019-08-07 2023-11-21 Dow Silicones Corporation Polydiorganosiloxane compositions and methods for use thereof in forming wood plastic composites

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CA2305986A1 (en) * 1997-10-14 1999-04-22 Interface, Inc. Floor covering with woven face
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CN103275416A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-09-04 上海劲嘉建材科技有限公司 Wood-plastic floor and manufacturing method thereof
CN104017410A (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-09-03 江苏凯尚节能科技有限公司 Antibacterial composite floor based on nano zinc particles
CN104895285A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-09 桐城市诚信木塑科技材料有限公司 PVC wood-plastic composite floor
CN104989070A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-10-21 德华兔宝宝装饰新材股份有限公司 Photocatalyst antibacterial solid wood composite floor board and production process of photocatalyst antibacterial solid wood composite floor board

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA2305986A1 (en) * 1997-10-14 1999-04-22 Interface, Inc. Floor covering with woven face
CN201026692Y (en) * 2006-11-24 2008-02-27 科彰有限公司 Sheet material coated with nano antimicrobial material surface layer
CN103275416A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-09-04 上海劲嘉建材科技有限公司 Wood-plastic floor and manufacturing method thereof
CN104017410A (en) * 2014-06-19 2014-09-03 江苏凯尚节能科技有限公司 Antibacterial composite floor based on nano zinc particles
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CN104989070A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-10-21 德华兔宝宝装饰新材股份有限公司 Photocatalyst antibacterial solid wood composite floor board and production process of photocatalyst antibacterial solid wood composite floor board

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108699844A (en) * 2015-12-09 2018-10-23 株式会社绿水 Flooring block containing textile material and its manufacturing method
CN108699844B (en) * 2015-12-09 2020-04-21 株式会社绿水 Floor tile comprising a textile material and method for the production thereof
CN106183293B (en) * 2016-07-07 2018-02-06 安徽国风木塑科技有限公司 A kind of Wood-plastic floor
CN106183293A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-12-07 安徽国风木塑科技有限公司 A kind of Wood-plastic floor
US11884821B2 (en) 2018-02-01 2024-01-30 Dow Silicones Corporation Composition, polymer composite article formed therewith, and method of preparing same
US10836908B2 (en) 2018-02-01 2020-11-17 Dow Silicones Corporation Composition, polymer composite article formed therewith, and method of preparing same
US11208557B2 (en) 2018-02-01 2021-12-28 Dow Silicones Corporation Composition, polymer composite article formed therewith, and method of preparing same
US11312861B2 (en) 2019-08-07 2022-04-26 Dow Silicones Corporation Solid carrier component including a liquid polyorganosiloxane and methods for preparation and use of the solid carrier component
US11377561B2 (en) 2019-08-07 2022-07-05 Dow Silicones Corporation Alkenyl-functional polydiorganosiloxane compositions and methods for use thereof in forming wood plastic composites
US11820898B2 (en) 2019-08-07 2023-11-21 Dow Silicones Corporation Polydiorganosiloxane compositions and methods for use thereof in forming wood plastic composites
US11859086B2 (en) 2019-08-07 2024-01-02 Dow Silicones Corporation Polydiorganosiloxane compositions and methods for use thereof in forming wood plastic composites
US11312862B2 (en) 2019-08-07 2022-04-26 Dow Silicones Corporation Solid carrier component including a liquid polydiorganosiloxane and methods for preparation and use of the solid carrier component
CN115678303A (en) * 2022-10-25 2023-02-03 安徽森泰木塑集团股份有限公司 Wood-plastic floor and manufacturing method thereof

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