CN105345490A - Frame slide type multi-surface scribing and cutting device - Google Patents

Frame slide type multi-surface scribing and cutting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105345490A
CN105345490A CN201510930595.5A CN201510930595A CN105345490A CN 105345490 A CN105345490 A CN 105345490A CN 201510930595 A CN201510930595 A CN 201510930595A CN 105345490 A CN105345490 A CN 105345490A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
guide rail
panoramic
tangential
slide
cutter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201510930595.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105345490B (en
Inventor
陈小娇
李志刚
李宜霞
吕多勇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jinan Tianchen Machine Group Co., Ltd.
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Ji'nan Tianchen Aluminum Machine Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510930595.5A priority Critical patent/CN105345490B/en
Publication of CN105345490A publication Critical patent/CN105345490A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105345490B publication Critical patent/CN105345490B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/44Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms
    • B23Q1/50Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism
    • B23Q1/52Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism a single rotating pair
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/34Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission
    • B23Q5/38Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously
    • B23Q5/40Feeding other members supporting tools or work, e.g. saddles, tool-slides, through mechanical transmission feeding continuously by feed shaft, e.g. lead screw
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25HWORKSHOP EQUIPMENT, e.g. FOR MARKING-OUT WORK; STORAGE MEANS FOR WORKSHOPS
    • B25H7/00Marking-out or setting-out work
    • B25H7/04Devices, e.g. scribers, for marking
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25HWORKSHOP EQUIPMENT, e.g. FOR MARKING-OUT WORK; STORAGE MEANS FOR WORKSHOPS
    • B25H7/00Marking-out or setting-out work
    • B25H7/04Devices, e.g. scribers, for marking
    • B25H7/045Devices, e.g. scribers, for marking characterised by constructional details of the marking elements

Abstract

The invention discloses a frame slide type multi-surface scribing and cutting device. The device comprises a frame and a working head, wherein the frame is connected with a tooth ring and an annular guide rail; the annular guide rail is rotationally connected with a revolving table; a revolving table driving device is arranged between the revolving table and the tooth ring; the revolving table is provided with a tangential feeding device; the tangential feeding device is provided with a radial feeding device; the working head is arranged on the radial feeding device; a workpiece can penetrate through the annular guide rail; and the revolving table can rotate around the workpiece. When multiple surfaces of machined profile steel need to perform the hole machining or the scribing and the cutting, the scribing and the cutting of the multiple surfaces can be once finished on one piece of equipment without manually overturning the machined profile steel, so that the operation time is short, the production efficiency is high, the cost is low, the operation is simple, the needed operators are few, the labor is saved, and the safety is good; and the device is high in automation degree and machining precision, realizes online management, and is convenient for management.

Description

Housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter
Technical field
The present invention relates to shaped steel technical field of processing equipment, particularly relate to a kind of marking-out cutter that not only there is line function but also there is cutting function.
Background technology
Shaped steel is a kind of bar structural section having certain section shape and size, can be divided into H profile steel, I-steel, channel-section steel, square steel, rectangular steel pipe, square steel tube etc. by its cross sectional shape.Shaped steel is widely used in all conglomeraties such as industrial building, lathe, electricity transmission iron tower, multi-storied garage, vehicle, boats and ships.
1, when forming various steel construction, shaped steel needs process various types of hole by the position of design defined, to be connected with other corresponding constructions, complete certain function, at present, domestic existing shaped steel process equipment, based on boring production line, is respectively equipped with feed channel and discharging channel before and after boring main frame, and the feeding trolley that feed channel is provided with band clamp carries out feeding to boring main frame.
2, in addition, shaped steel not only plays supporting role in various steel construction, also must combine with adjacent members, this just needs shaped steel in a pre-installation, active line by design must be marked as markings on its surface, to be welded to connect plate by markings, convenient and adjacent Component composition, or welding motor mounting plates etc., so that the related components such as mounted motor, bearing block.The chalker of prior art comprises machinery line, sandblasting line, powder marking etc., and the cardinal principle of machinery line is under certain pressure intensity, rules by force with tip.Sandblasting line is the scribble method that surface abrasive material being injected directly on workpiece by Compressed Gas and abrasive blasting with high accuracy forms groove or analog.Powder marking uses powder marking gun, rifle is built with metal powders such as zinc powders, during work, metal powder formation jet is sprayed by dust distributor, and be sprayed on workpiece after the flame region of dust distributor mouth becomes half melting state, if make to maintain relative motion between powder marking gun and workpiece, just canescence lines clearly can be formed on workpiece.
3, in the processing of shaped steel except carrying out hole machined, the side of shaped steel sometimes also needs to carry out cutting processing, as the H profile steel used in multi-storied garage, needs to carry out part cutting to the wing plate of H profile steel to avoid chain.Mostly the removing method adopted in prior art is die-cut or cutting of rolling off the production line, its cutting mode often adopts following two kinds of modes: a kind of mode is the side with thruster clamping device, shaped steel being pressed against material road, the mode manually utilizing cutting machine to cut is adopted to cut, the shortcoming of this kind of method is, machining accuracy is low, production efficiency is low, lavishes labor on resource etc.; Another kind of mode is, shaped steel is moved to special cutting device cutting from material road, although this method machining accuracy improves, because workpiece needs to move to special cutting device cutting from material road, and then re-move on material road, greatly reduce production efficiency.Shaped steel is rule and also has above-mentioned Similar Problems.Die-cut or the cutting processing of rolling off the production line and scribing operation not only can cause the reduction of working (machining) efficiency also to bring managerial inconvenience.
4, in most of the cases, hole machined or line, cutting all will be carried out in multiple faces of shaped steel, and existing equipment once cannot complete line, the cutting processing of multiple, therefore needs processed shaped steel to overturn, because shaped steel volume, weight are all very large, therefore more difficult when overturning, and the manual type that adopts overturns shaped steel more at present, needs to operate with crane, not only inefficiency, operate loaded down with trivial details, and the operating personnel needed are many, poor stability, is also prone to accidents.
State Intellectual Property Office disclosed in the 27 days March in 2013 by Chen little Jiao, Zhu Xiurong, the how brave design such as grade of Lu, the patent No. is 201220556661.9, name is called a kind of utility model patent of cutting on line device, comprise material road and be arranged at the conveying roll shaft on material road, thruster clamping device, described thruster clamping device comprises the side shield being arranged at side, described material road, be arranged at the thruster cylinder of described material road opposite side, the piston rod of thruster cylinder is connected with thruster plate, the side being provided with side shield in described material road is provided with support and control device, support is provided with longitudinal feeding device, longitudinal feeding device is provided with vertical feed arrangement, vertical feed arrangement is provided with cross feed device, cross feed device is provided with cutting machine.Although cutting on line can be realized, only cutting processing can be realized to of a workpiece face.As needed to carry out cutting on line to the multiple faces on workpiece, can only increase and overlap cutter sweep more.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of easy to operate, automaticity is high, machining accuracy is high, the number of working processes is short, production efficiency is high, cost is low, can realize the housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter of on-line machining.
The technical scheme that the present invention is adopted for achieving the above object is:
A kind of housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter, comprise frame and working head, it is characterized in that: described frame is connected with gear ring and ring-shaped guide rail, ring-shaped guide rail is rotatably connected to panoramic table, panoramic table drive unit is provided with between panoramic table and gear ring, panoramic table is provided with tangential-feed attachment, tangential-feed attachment is provided with radial feeding device, described working head is arranged on radial feeding device; Workpiece can pass from ring-shaped guide rail, and panoramic table can rotate around workpiece.
In order to realize housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter at tangential precise motion, the present invention is provided with tangential-feed attachment, the tangential drive unit that described tangential-feed attachment comprises the guide rail A be arranged on panoramic table, tangential slide unit and drives tangential slide unit to slide along guide rail A.
Further, described tangential drive unit comprises servomotor A and lead screw pair A, and described tangential slide unit is connected with the servomotor A be fixed on panoramic table by lead screw pair A, and tangential slide unit can slide along the guide rail A of two on panoramic table.
Further, described tangential drive unit can also be that the rod end of cylinder A, cylinder A is connected with described tangential slide unit, and tangential slide unit can slide along the guide rail A of two on panoramic table.
In order to realize the precise motion of housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter in radial direction, the present invention is provided with radial feeding device, and described radial feeding device comprises the radial drive that the radial slide unit of the guide rail B be arranged on tangential slide unit, radial slide unit and driving slides along guide rail B.
Further, described radial drive comprises servo motor B and lead screw pair B, and described radial slide unit is connected with the servo motor B be fixed on tangential slide unit by lead screw pair B, and radial slide unit can slide by two guide rail B tangentially on slide unit; Described working head is connected on radial slide unit.
Further, described radial drive is the rod end of cylinder B, cylinder B to be connected with described radial slide unit, and radial slide unit can slide by two guide rail B tangentially on slide unit.
In the present invention, described panoramic table is rotatably connected on ring-shaped guide rail by the first guide wheel group and the second guide wheel group;
The first described guide wheel group comprises:
Roller shaft one, is fixed on panoramic table, is positioned at the inner side of ring-shaped guide rail inner ring;
Roller shaft two, is fixed on panoramic table, is positioned at the outside of ring-shaped guide rail outer ring;
Above-mentioned roller shaft one, roller shaft two are all rotatably connected to roller, and the outer rim of roller is provided with groove;
Roller on above-mentioned roller shaft one can the inner ring of annularly guide rail rotate, and the roller on roller shaft two can the outer ring rotating of annularly guide rail, is held on by ring-shaped guide rail between the roller on roller shaft one and the roller on roller shaft two.
The second described guide wheel group is identical with the first Guiding wheel structure, and the second guide wheel group and the first guide wheel are arranged at the two ends of panoramic table respectively.
In the present invention, described panoramic table drive unit comprises:
Servomotor D, is fixed on panoramic table;
Gear, is connected on servomotor D, is meshed with gear ring.
In the present invention, described panoramic table positioner comprises:
Positioning cylinder, is fixed on panoramic table;
Locating shaft, is connected with the piston rod rod end of positioning cylinder;
Locating hole, corresponding to locating shaft, be arranged on ring-shaped guide rail.
Described locating hole annularly guide rail circumferentially, quantity, the position of locating hole are corresponding with the machined surface of workpiece to be machined.
According to processing needs, described working head can be plasma cutting gun or powder marking gun or flame cutter or mechanical chalker.
In order to realize the precise motion of cutting machine on workpiece direct of travel, frame of the present invention being also provided with axial feed device, comprising the axial drive means that the guide rail C, the drive chassis that parallel with the length direction of workpiece are slided along guide rail C;
Further, described axial drive means comprises servomotor C and lead screw pair C, and described frame is connected with servomotor C by lead screw pair C, and frame can be slided along guide rail C.
Described axial drive means comprises servomotor C and lead screw pair C, and described frame is connected with servomotor C by lead screw pair C, and frame can be slided along guide rail C.
Described guide rail C, servomotor C can be installed on base, and two guide rail C being parallel to lead screw pair are distributed in the both sides of lead screw pair.
Described guide rail C can also be installed between the discharging channel after the feed channel before housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter and housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter, article two, the guide rail C being parallel to lead screw pair is distributed in the both sides of lead screw pair, and servomotor C is installed on the discharging channel after the feed channel before housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter or housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Adopt housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter of the present invention, processed shaped steel face multiple face all to carry out hole machined or line, cutting time, once can complete line, the cutting processing of multiple, and without the need to processed shaped steel is manually overturn, not only the number of working processes is short, production efficiency is high, cost is low, and simple to operate, and the operating personnel of needs are few, save manpower, security is good; Line on workpiece multiple, cutting processing all complete on an equipment, and automaticity is high, machining accuracy is high, and achieves on-line machining, convenient management.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram after housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter of the present invention removes frame, gear ring, ring-shaped guide rail.
Fig. 3 is the schematic front view after housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter of the present invention removes frame, gear ring, ring-shaped guide rail.
Fig. 4 is that schematic diagram is looked on the left side after housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter of the present invention removes frame, gear ring, ring-shaped guide rail.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of radial feeding device in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the schematic front view of radial feeding device in the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of another angle of housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter of the present invention.
The schematic diagram of otch that Fig. 8 is the straight line that working head draws on workpiece when rotating of the servomotor in the present invention only in tangential-feed attachment or cuts out.
The schematic diagram of otch that Fig. 9 is the straight line that working head draws on workpiece when rotating of the servomotor in the present invention only in axial feed device or cuts out.
Figure 10 be the servomotor in the present invention in tangential-feed attachment and the servomotor in axial feed device successively or action simultaneously time working head on workpiece, cut out the schematic diagram of the otch of broken line shape.
Figure 11 be the servomotor in the present invention in tangential-feed attachment and the servomotor in axial feed device successively or action simultaneously time the broken line, oblique line, curve, the polygon that draw on workpiece of working head or cut out the schematic diagram of otch of above-mentioned shape.
In figure: 1-frame, 2-gear ring, 3-ring-shaped guide rail,
4-panoramic table, 401-first guide wheel group, 402-second guide wheel group, 4011-roller shaft one, 4012-roller shaft two, 4013-roller,
5-tangential-feed attachment, 501-servomotor A, the tangential slide unit of 502-ball screw assembly, A, 503-, 504-guide rail A, 505-slide block A, 506-bearing block AA, 507-bearing block AB,
6-radial feeding device, 601-servo motor B, the radial slide unit of 602-lead screw pair B, 603-, 604-guide rail B,
7-working head,
8-panoramic table positioner, 801-positioning cylinder, 802-locating shaft, 803-locating hole,
9-panoramic table drive unit, 901-servomotor D, 902-gear,
10-axial feed device, 1001-servomotor C, 1002-lead screw pair C, 1003-guide rail C,
11-base, 12 workpiece.
Detailed description of the invention
For clearly demonstrating the technical characterstic of this programme, below by detailed description of the invention, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, the present invention is described further.
Embodiment one:
See Fig. 1, a kind of housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter, comprise frame 1 and working head 7, frame 1 is connected with gear ring 2 and ring-shaped guide rail 3, ring-shaped guide rail 3 is rotatably connected to panoramic table 4, between panoramic table 4 and gear ring 2, is provided with panoramic table drive unit 8, panoramic table 4 is provided with tangential-feed attachment 5, tangential-feed attachment 5 is provided with radial feeding device 6, described working head 7 is arranged on radial feeding device 6; Workpiece can pass from ring-shaped guide rail 3, and panoramic table 4 can rotate around workpiece.
See Fig. 2, Fig. 3, the tangential drive unit that described tangential-feed attachment 5 comprises the guide rail A504 be arranged on panoramic table 4, tangential slide unit 503 and drives tangential slide unit 503 to slide along guide rail A504.
Described tangential slide unit 503 is provided with the slide block A505 suitable with guide rail A504; The nut of the ball screw assembly, A502 that described tangential drive unit comprises servomotor A501 and driven by servomotor A501, ball screw assembly, A502 is arranged on tangential slide unit 503; Described servomotor A501 is installed on panoramic table 4, the output shaft of servomotor A501 is connected with one end of ball screw assembly, A502, the two ends of ball screw assembly, A502 are rotatably connected on bearing block AA506 and bearing block AB507 respectively by a deep groove ball bearing and pair of horns contact bearing, bearing block AA506 and bearing block AB507 is arranged on panoramic table 4, and two guide rail A504 be arranged in parallel are arranged in the both sides of ball screw assembly, A502.
See Fig. 2 to Fig. 3, Fig. 5 to Fig. 6, the radial drive that described radial feeding device 6 comprises the guide rail B604 be arranged on tangential slide unit 503, radial slide unit 603 and drives radial slide unit 603 to slide along guide rail B604.
Described radial slide unit 603 is provided with the slide block B suitable with guide rail B604; Described radial drive comprises servo motor B 601 and lead screw pair B602, described radial slide unit 603 is connected with the servo motor B 601 be fixed on tangential slide unit 503 by lead screw pair B602, radial slide unit 603 can slide by two guide rail B604 tangentially on slide unit 503, the structure of radial drive is substantially identical with tangential drive unit, repeats no more; Described working head 7 is connected on radial slide unit 603.
See Fig. 2 to Fig. 4, described panoramic table 4 is rotatably connected on ring-shaped guide rail 3 by the first guide wheel group 401 and the second guide wheel group 402;
The first described guide wheel group 401 comprises:
Roller shaft 1, is fixed on panoramic table 4, is positioned at the inner side of ring-shaped guide rail 3 inner ring;
Roller shaft 2 4012, is fixed on panoramic table 4, is positioned at the outside of ring-shaped guide rail 3 outer ring;
Above-mentioned roller shaft 1, roller shaft 2 4012 are all rotatably connected to roller 4013, and the outer rim of roller 4013 is provided with groove;
Roller 4013 on above-mentioned roller shaft 1 can annularly guide rail 3 inner ring rotate, roller 4013 on roller shaft 2 4012 can the outer ring rotating of annularly guide rail 3, is held on by ring-shaped guide rail 3 between the roller 4013 on roller shaft 1 and the roller 4013 on roller shaft 2 4012.
The second described guide wheel group 402 is identical with the first guide wheel 401 structure, and the second guide wheel group 402 and the first guide wheel 401 are arranged at the two ends of panoramic table 4 respectively.
Described roller shaft 1, roller shaft 2 4012 all stud with rolling bearing, and described roller 4013 is connected on the shell of rolling bearing by the endoporus on it; Roller shaft 1, roller shaft 2 4012 are provided with the shaft shoulder and circlip one, carry out axial location to rolling bearing; The endoporus of roller 4013 is provided with boss, and roller shaft 1, roller shaft 2 4012 are provided with circlip two, and pair roller 4013 carries out axial location.
See Fig. 4, described panoramic table drive unit 9 comprises:
Servomotor D901, is fixed on panoramic table 4, and the output shaft of servomotor D901 stretches out from the through hole panoramic table 4;
Gear 902, is connected on servomotor D901 output shaft, is meshed with gear ring 2.
See Fig. 1, Fig. 4, described panoramic table positioner 8 comprises:
Positioning cylinder 801, is fixed on panoramic table 4, and the piston rod of positioning cylinder 801 stretches out from the through hole panoramic table 4;
Locating shaft 802, is connected with the piston rod rod end of positioning cylinder 801;
Locating hole 803, corresponding to locating shaft 802, be arranged on ring-shaped guide rail 3.
See Fig. 1, Fig. 7, described locating hole 803 annularly guide rail 3 circumferentially, quantity, the position of locating hole 803 are corresponding with the machined surface of workpiece to be machined.For example, if workpiece to be machined is square tube, channel-section steel, H profile steel, I-steel, then its machined surface can be set as 4, annularly the circumference of guide rail 3 respectively correspondence 4 locating holes 803 are set, be respectively 0 ° of locating hole ,-90 ° of locating holes ,+90 ° of locating holes and+180 ° of locating holes.
Described working head 7 is plasma cutting gun or powder marking gun or flame cutter or mechanical chalker.
See Fig. 1, Fig. 7, described frame 1 is also provided with axial feed device 10, comprise the axial drive means that the guide rail C1003, the drive chassis 1 that parallel with the length direction of workpiece are slided along guide rail C1003, two guide rail C1003 are set in parallel on base 11;
Described axial drive means comprises servomotor C1001 and lead screw pair C1002, and described frame 1 is connected with fixing servomotor C1001 on the pedestal 11 by lead screw pair C1002, and frame 1 can be slided along the guide rail C1003 of two on base 11.
The course of work of the present embodiment is as follows:
Be installed in shaped steel machining production line by housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter of the present invention, housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter front portion is provided with feed channel, rear portion is provided with discharging channel,
1, workpiece 12 moves vertically on the conveying roll shaft in material road, and after arriving operating position, workpiece 12 stops, and workpiece 12 clamps by Workpiece clamping device;
2, control device reads procedure, the servomotor D901 of driving panoramic table 4 is rotated, the gear 902 linked together with the output shaft of servomotor D901 also rotates along gear ring 2 thereupon, drive panoramic table 4 along ring-shaped guide rail 3 and rotate around workpiece 12, working head 7 is turned to the position corresponding with to be processed of workpiece 12;
3, the piston rod of positioning cylinder 801 stretches out, and the locating shaft 802 being fixed on tailpiece of the piston rod is inserted the locating hole 803 be arranged on ring-shaped guide rail 3; For workpiece to be machined 12 be square tube, channel-section steel, H profile steel, I-steel, its machined surface can be set as 4, annularly the circumference of guide rail 3 respectively correspondence be provided with 4 locating holes 803, be respectively 0 ° of locating hole ,-90 ° of locating holes ,+90 ° of locating holes and+180 ° of locating holes;
4, the servo motor B 601 in radial feeding device 6 is rotated, the leading screw linked together with the output shaft of servo motor B 601 also rotates thereupon, the radial slide unit 603 linked together with the screw on leading screw is along guide rail B604 moving linearly, moved to by working head 7 with workpiece 12 apart from suitable position, working head 7 divides following three kinds of working methods according to the setting-out on workpiece 12 or split requirement:
Servomotor A501 only in tangential-feed attachment 5 rotates, the leading screw linked together with the output shaft of servomotor A501 also rotates thereupon, the tangential slide unit 503 linked together with the screw on leading screw is along guide rail A504 moving linearly, working head 7 can draw one on work piece 12 with the straight line of the axis perpendicular of workpiece 12 or cut out an otch, see Fig. 8;
Servomotor C1001 only in axial feed device 10 rotates, the leading screw linked together with the output shaft of servomotor C1001 also rotates thereupon, the frame 1 linked together with the screw on leading screw is along guide rail C1003 moving linearly, working head 7 can draw a straight line paralleled with the axis of workpiece 12 on work piece 12 or cut out an otch, see Fig. 9;
Servomotor A501 in tangential-feed attachment 5 and the servomotor C1001 in axial feed device 10 are successively or simultaneously according to the requirement action of procedure, working head 7 then can be made to move according to desired trajectory, working head 7 can draw broken line, oblique line, curve, polygon or cut out the otch of above-mentioned shape, see Figure 10, Figure 11 on workpiece 12 surface.
Embodiment two:
A kind of housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter, comprise frame 1 and working head 7, frame 1 is connected with gear ring 2 and ring-shaped guide rail 3, ring-shaped guide rail 3 is rotatably connected to panoramic table 4, panoramic table drive unit 8 is provided with between panoramic table 4 and gear ring 2, panoramic table 4 is provided with tangential-feed attachment 5, tangential-feed attachment 5 is provided with radial feeding device 6, working head 7 is arranged on radial feeding device 6; Workpiece can pass from ring-shaped guide rail 3, and panoramic table 4 can rotate around workpiece.
The tangential drive unit that described tangential-feed attachment 5 comprises the guide rail A504 be arranged on panoramic table 4, tangential slide unit 503 and drives tangential slide unit 503 to slide along guide rail A504.
Described tangential drive unit is the cylinder A be fixed on panoramic table 4, the rod end of cylinder A is connected with described tangential slide unit 503, tangential slide unit 503 can slide along the guide rail A504 of two on panoramic table 4, and two guide rail A504 be arranged in parallel are arranged in the both sides of cylinder A.
The radial drive that described radial feeding device 6 comprises the guide rail B604 be arranged on tangential slide unit 503, radial slide unit 603 and drives radial slide unit 603 to slide along guide rail B604.
Described radial drive is be fixed on the cylinder B on tangential slide unit 503, the rod end of cylinder B is connected with described radial slide unit 603, radial slide unit 603 can slide by two guide rail B604 tangentially on slide unit 503, and two guide rail B604 be arranged in parallel are arranged in the both sides of cylinder B.
Described frame 1 is also provided with axial feed device 10, comprise the axial drive means that the guide rail C1003, the drive chassis 1 that parallel with the length direction of workpiece are slided along guide rail C1003, guide rail C1003 is installed between the discharging channel after the feed channel before housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter and housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter;
Described axial drive means comprises servomotor C1001 and lead screw pair C1002, described frame 1 by lead screw pair C1002 be fixed on housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter before feed channel or servomotor C1001 on discharging channel after housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter be connected, frame 1 can be slided along two guide rail C1003.
All the other structures are with embodiment one.

Claims (15)

1. a housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter, comprise frame and working head, it is characterized in that: described frame is connected with gear ring and ring-shaped guide rail, ring-shaped guide rail is rotatably connected to panoramic table, panoramic table drive unit is provided with between panoramic table and gear ring, panoramic table is provided with tangential-feed attachment, tangential-feed attachment is provided with radial feeding device, described working head is arranged on radial feeding device; Workpiece can pass from ring-shaped guide rail, and panoramic table can rotate around workpiece.
2. housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the tangential drive unit that described tangential-feed attachment comprises the guide rail A be arranged on panoramic table, tangential slide unit and drives tangential slide unit to slide along guide rail A.
3. housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described tangential drive unit comprises servomotor A and lead screw pair A, described tangential slide unit is connected with the servomotor A be fixed on panoramic table by lead screw pair A, and tangential slide unit can slide along the guide rail A of two on panoramic table.
4. housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described tangential drive unit is cylinder A, and the rod end of cylinder A is connected with described tangential slide unit, and tangential slide unit can slide along the guide rail A of two on panoramic table.
5. housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described radial feeding device comprises the radial drive that the radial slide unit of the guide rail B be arranged on tangential slide unit, radial slide unit and driving slides along guide rail B.
6. housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described radial drive comprises servo motor B and lead screw pair B, described radial slide unit is connected with the servo motor B be fixed on tangential slide unit by lead screw pair B, and radial slide unit can slide by two guide rail B tangentially on slide unit; Described working head is connected on radial slide unit.
7. housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described radial drive is cylinder B, and the rod end of cylinder B is connected with described radial slide unit, and radial slide unit can slide by two guide rail B tangentially on slide unit.
8. housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described panoramic table is rotatably connected on ring-shaped guide rail by the first guide wheel group and the second guide wheel group;
The first described guide wheel group comprises:
Roller shaft one, is fixed on panoramic table, is positioned at the inner side of ring-shaped guide rail inner ring;
Roller shaft two, is fixed on panoramic table, is positioned at the outside of ring-shaped guide rail outer ring;
Above-mentioned roller shaft one, roller shaft two are all rotatably connected to roller, and the outer rim of roller is provided with groove;
Roller on above-mentioned roller shaft one can the inner ring of annularly guide rail rotate, and the roller on roller shaft two can the outer ring rotating of annularly guide rail, is held on by ring-shaped guide rail between the roller on roller shaft one and the roller on roller shaft two; The second described guide wheel group is identical with the first Guiding wheel structure, and the second guide wheel group and the first guide wheel are arranged at the two ends of panoramic table respectively.
9. housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described panoramic table drive unit comprises:
Servomotor D, is fixed on panoramic table;
Gear, is connected on servomotor D, is meshed with gear ring.
10. housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described panoramic table positioner comprises:
Positioning cylinder, is fixed on panoramic table;
Locating shaft, is connected with the piston rod rod end of positioning cylinder;
Locating hole, corresponding to locating shaft, be arranged on ring-shaped guide rail.
11. housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutters according to claim 10, is characterized in that: described locating hole annularly guide rail circumferentially, quantity, the position of locating hole are corresponding with the machined surface of workpiece to be machined.
12. housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutters according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described working head is plasma cutting gun or powder marking gun or flame cutter or mechanical chalker.
13. housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutters according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described frame is also provided with axial feed device, comprise the axial drive means that the guide rail C, the drive chassis that parallel with the length direction of workpiece are slided along guide rail C;
Described axial drive means comprises servomotor C and lead screw pair C, and described frame is connected with servomotor C by lead screw pair C, and frame can be slided along guide rail C.
14. housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutters according to claim 13, is characterized in that: described guide rail C, servomotor C are installed on base.
15. housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutters according to claim 13, it is characterized in that: described guide rail C is installed between the discharging channel after the feed channel before housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter and housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter, and servomotor C is installed on the discharging channel after the feed channel before housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter or housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter.
CN201510930595.5A 2015-12-15 2015-12-15 Housing slide formula multiaspect marking-out cutter Active CN105345490B (en)

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CN109605315A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-04-12 大连交通大学 Tubing scriber
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CN201913410U (en) * 2010-12-10 2011-08-03 中国石油天然气集团公司 Track used for automatically welding T-shaped joint of conduit rack
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CN108705509A (en) * 2018-07-24 2018-10-26 厦门市佳莱自动设备有限公司 Ceramic rod draws zinc equipment automatically
CN109605315A (en) * 2018-12-14 2019-04-12 大连交通大学 Tubing scriber
CN111469000A (en) * 2020-05-29 2020-07-31 中北大学 Mechanical structure of pipeline polishing robot and working method thereof
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