CN105309429A - Pesticidal composition containing choline chloride - Google Patents

Pesticidal composition containing choline chloride Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105309429A
CN105309429A CN201410369807.2A CN201410369807A CN105309429A CN 105309429 A CN105309429 A CN 105309429A CN 201410369807 A CN201410369807 A CN 201410369807A CN 105309429 A CN105309429 A CN 105309429A
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choline chloride
plants
active component
choline
chloride
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张伟
高云
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Shaanxi Meibang Pesticide Co Ltd
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Shaanxi Meibang Pesticide Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a pesticidal composition containing choline chloride. The pesticidal composition contains an active ingredient A and an active ingredient B, wherein the active ingredient A is choline chloride, and the active ingredient B is selected from any of the following compounds: sodium nitrophenolate and potassium nitrophenolate. The pesticidal composition is mainly used for increasing the chlorophyll content of plants, keeping the plants green and preventing the plants from aging, promoting root system development, promoting the real fertilizer absorption of crops, assisting the good growth of inferior parts of the crops, enhancing the water and fertilizer absorption of the plants and adjusting the balance of body water of the plants, thereby improving the drought resistance and cold resistance of the plants; and meanwhile, the composition disclosed by the invention has a synergistic effect on a variety of pests which endanger agricultural production, so that the dosage of pesticides is reduced, the residual quantity of the pesticides on crops is reduced, the environmental pollution is alleviated, the composition is safe to human and livestock, the environmental compatibility is good, and the drug resistance for the pests is difficult to generate.

Description

A kind of composition pesticide of chloride containing choline
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of pesticide, relate to a kind of application of composition pesticide crops of chloride containing choline.
Technical background
Choline Chloride (cholinechloride): the key enzyme of activation photosynthesis of plant, the i.e. ATP-enzyme of photoreaction and the RUBP-carboxylase of dark reaction and glycerol-3-phosphate, impel plant absorption luminous energy and utilize luminous energy, fixing and assimilation CO2 better, improve photosynthetic rate, increase plant carbohydrates, protein and chlorophyll content.
Compound sodium nitrophenolate (sodiumnitrophenolate): be mono-nitration guaiacol sodium salt plant cell activating agent.Energy rapid permeability, in plant corpus, to promote that the protoplasm of cell flows, is accelerated plant rooting speed, is all had to developmental stage such as plant rooting, growth, reproduction and results the facilitation that degree is different.Especially for the promotion of the elongation of pollen tube, help the effect of fertilization particularly evident.Can be used for Promoting plant growth growth, early flowering, breaking dormancy, stratification, prevent fruit drop, improve the aspects such as the quality of plant product.This product can process by modes such as foliage spray, seed soaking, seedbed perfusion and bud spreadings.Because they are different from plant hormone, plant seeding start to results between any period, all can use.
Potassium para-nitrophenate (potassiumnitrophenolate): foliage-spray can promptly permeate in plant corpus, strengthen photosynthesis, accelerate cell division, promote Nutrient Absorption, thus accelerate rooting rate, breaking dormancy, prevent fruit drop, Promoting plant growth, can be used in cereal crops, economic crops, vegetables, fruit tree and flowers and other crops.
But in the real process of agricultural production, the problem that pest control the most easily produces is the generation of pest resistance to insecticide.Different cultivars composition carries out composite, is to prevent and treat the very common method of resistant insect.Heterogeneity is carried out composite, according to practical application effect, judge certain composite be synergy, add and or antagonism.In most cases, the composite effect of agricultural chemicals is all additive effect, really has the seldom composite of synergistic effect, especially synergistic effect clearly, very high composite just less of co-toxicity coefficient.For target plant, plant growth regulator is the non-nutritive chemical substance of external source, usually can conduct to site of action in plant corpus, just can promote or suppress some link of its life process with very low concentration, makes it the needs development to meeting the mankind.Every plant growth regulators has specific purposes, and application technology requires quite strict, only could produce specific effect to target plant under specific application conditions (comprising extraneous factor).Often change concentration and will obtain contrary result, such as, have facilitation at low concentrations, then become inhibitory action in higher concentrations.Active components A is different from the active component B mechanism of action, and mutually composite have good synergistic effect within the specific limits.And about Choline Chloride and the binary built from compound sodium nitrophenolate, potassium para-nitrophenate, there is not yet relevant report at home and abroad at present.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to propose a kind of to there is low, the effective composition pesticide containing chloride containing choline of synergistic function, use cost.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of composition pesticide of chloride containing choline, containing active components A and active component B, it is characterized in that: the weight ratio of active components A and active component B is 1 ︰ 80 ~ 80 ︰ 1, described active components A is Choline Chloride, active component B is selected from the one in compound sodium nitrophenolate, potassium para-nitrophenate, active components A and the preferred weight ratio of active component B are 1 ︰ 50 ~ 50 ︰ 1, the weight ratio being more preferably Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate is 25:1 ~ 1:15, and the weight ratio of Choline Chloride and potassium para-nitrophenate is 25:1 ~ 1:15; More preferably for the weight ratio of Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate is 14:1 ~ 1:4, the weight ratio of Choline Chloride and potassium para-nitrophenate is 14:1 ~ 1:4;
The composition pesticide of the chloride containing choline that the present invention proposes is for preventing and treating the purposes of insect on crops, and described crops comprise cereal crops, legume crop, fiber crop, sugar [yielding, melon crop, fruits crop, dry fruit crop, hobby crop, root crop, oil crop, flower crop, medicinal crop, crop, green manure pasture crop; Described insect is rice leaf roller, rice fulgorid, striped rice borer.
The composition pesticide of described chloride containing choline, wherein effective active component content accounts for 0.0001% ~ 20% of gross weight, is preferably 0.001% ~ 10%.
The surfactant selected by composition pesticide of chloride containing choline of the present invention is known in those skilled in the art: can be selected from one or more in dispersant, wetting agent, thickener or defoamer.According to different dosage form, in preparation, stabilizing agent known in those skilled in the art, antifreeze etc. can also be contained.
The composition pesticide of chloride containing choline of the present invention, can be processed into acceptable formulation on any agricultural chemicals on demand.Wherein preferred dosage form is wetting powder, water dispersible granules, suspending agent, aqueous emulsion, microemulsion, suspension emulsion, microcapsule suspending agent, microcapsule suspension-suspendinagent agent, aqua, can also make soluble powder, soluble liquid, effervescent agent.
Composition comprises following constituent content when making wetting powder: active components A 0.0001% ~ 20%, active component B0.001% ~ 20%, dispersant 2% ~ 10%, wetting agent 2% ~ 10%, filler surplus.
Composition comprises following constituent content when making water dispersible granules: active components A 0.0001% ~ 20%, active component B0.001% ~ 20%, dispersant 3% ~ 12%, wetting agent 1% ~ 8%, disintegrant 1% ~ 10%, binding agent 0 ~ 8%, filler surplus.
Composition comprises following constituent content when making suspending agent: active components A 0.0001% ~ 20%, active component B0.001% ~ 20%, dispersant 2% ~ 10%, wetting agent 2% ~ 10%, defoamer 0.01% ~ 2%, thickener 0 ~ 2%, antifreeze 0 ~ 8%, deionized water add to 100%.
Composition comprises following constituent content when making aqueous emulsion: active components A 0.0001% ~ 20%, active component B0.001% ~ 20%, solvent 1% ~ 30%, emulsifier 1% ~ 15%, antifreeze 0 ~ 8%, thickener 0 ~ 2%, defoamer 0.01% ~ 2%, deionized water add to 100%.
Composition comprises following constituent content when making microemulsion: active components A 0.0001% ~ 20%, active component B0.001% ~ 20%, solvent 1% ~ 20%, emulsifier 3% ~ 25%, antifreeze 0 ~ 8%, defoamer 0.01% ~ 2%, deionized water add to 100%.
Composition comprises following constituent content when making suspension emulsion: active components A 0.0001% ~ 20%, active component B0.001% ~ 20%, dispersant 2% ~ 10%, defoamer 0.01% ~ 2%, solvent 1% ~ 15%, thickener 0 ~ 2%, emulsifier 2% ~ 12%, antifreeze 0 ~ 8%, deionized water add to 100%.
Composition comprises following constituent content when making microcapsule suspending agent: active components A 0.0001% ~ 20%, active component B0.001% ~ 20%, macromolecule cyst material 2% ~ 10%, dispersant 1% ~ 10%, solvent 1% ~ 10%, emulsifier 1% ~ 7%, defoamer 0.01% ~ 2%, pH adjusting agent 0.01% ~ 5%, deionized water add to 100%.
Composition comprises following constituent content when making microcapsule suspension-suspendinagent agent: active components A 0.0001% ~ 20%, active component B0.001% ~ 20%, macromolecule cyst material 2% ~ 12%, dispersant 1% ~ 12%, wetting agent 1% ~ 8%, solvent 1% ~ 15%, emulsifier 1% ~ 6%, defoamer 0.01% ~ 2%, thickener 0 ~ 2%, pH adjusting agent 0.01% ~ 5%, deionized water add to 100%.
Composition comprises following constituent content when making aqua: active components A 0.0001% ~ 10%, active component B0.001% ~ 10%, cosolvent 2% ~ 6%, wetting agent 1%-10%, antifreeze 0 ~ 8%, deionized water add to 100%.
Wetting powder the key technical indexes of the present invention:
Water dispersible granules the key technical indexes of the present invention:
Suspending agent the key technical indexes of the present invention:
Aqueous emulsion the key technical indexes of the present invention:
Microemulsion the key technical indexes of the present invention:
Suspension emulsion the key technical indexes of the present invention:
Microcapsule suspending agent the key technical indexes of the present invention:
Microcapsule suspension-suspendinagent agent the key technical indexes of the present invention:
Aqua the key technical indexes of the present invention:
The invention has the advantages that:
(1) Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate, potassium para-nitrophenate composite after, there is obvious synergy and lasting effect; (2) all greater activity is had to the insect on cereal crops, legume crop, fiber crop, sugar [yielding, melon crop, fruits crop, dry fruit crop, hobby crop, root crop, oil crop, flower crop, medicinal crop, crop, green manure pasture crop; (3) decrease pesticide usage amount, reduce the residual quantity of agricultural chemicals on crop, alleviate environmental pollution; (4) to person poultry safety, Environmental compatibility is good; And preparation adhesion strength strengthens, resistance of rainwater washing against.(5) increase chlorophyll content of plant, protect green anti-old, promote well developed root system, promote that crop is to effective absorption of fertilizer, supplemental crop inferior position part well grows, and strengthens plant to water, fertile absorption, regulate the balance of moisture in plant body, improve the drought resisting of plant, cold resistance.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment to further instruction of the present invention, the percentage in embodiment is all weight percentage, but the present invention is not limited thereto.
Application Example one
Embodiment 1 ~ 8 wetting powder
Choline Chloride, active component B, dispersant, wetting agent, filler are mixed in mixed cylinder, mixes again after airslide disintegrating mill is pulverized, wetting powder product of the present invention can be obtained, specifically in table 1.
The each component of table 1 embodiment 1 ~ 8 and weight portion
Embodiment 9 ~ 16 water dispersible granules
Choline Chloride, active component B, dispersant, wetting agent, disintegrant, filler etc. are obtained together the particle diameter needed through air-flow crushing, then add other auxiliary agents such as binding agent (can add and can not add), obtain granulation materials.Item is quantitatively sent in fluidized bed granulating dryer through granulating and after drying, water dispersible granules product of the present invention can being obtained, specifically in table 2
The each component of table 2 embodiment 9 ~ 16 and weight portion
Embodiment 17 ~ 24 suspending agent
By dispersant, wetting agent, defoamer, thickener (can add and can not add), antifreeze (can add and can not add), mix through high speed shear, add Choline Chloride, active component B, ball milling 2 ~ 3 hours in ball mill, make diameter of particle all below 5 μm, surplus deionized water is supplied, and can obtain suspending agent product of the present invention, specifically in table 3.
The each component of table 3 embodiment 17 ~ 24 and weight portion
Embodiment 25 ~ 30 aqueous emulsion
Choline Chloride, active component B, solvent, emulsifier are added together, make to be dissolved into homogeneous oil phase; Deionized water, antifreeze (can add and can not add), thickener (can add and can not add), defoamer are mixed, becomes homogeneous aqueous phase.Under high velocity agitation, aqueous phase is added oil phase, surplus deionized water is supplied; Aqueous emulsion product of the present invention can be obtained, specifically in table 4.
The each component of table 4 embodiment 25 ~ 30 and weight portion
Embodiment 31 ~ 34 microemulsion
Choline Chloride, active component B are dissolved in and are equipped with in the homogenizer of solvent, emulsifier, antifreeze (can add and can not add), defoamer are joined in the homogenizer that above-mentioned solution is housed, surplus deionized water gives strong mixing and homogenize after supplying, finally obtain the microemulsion product of the present invention that clear appearance is transparent.Specifically in table 5.
Table 5 embodiment 31 ~ 34 component and content
Compound sodium nitrophenolate, potassium para-nitrophenate in table 1 ~ 5 are exchanged, can novel formulation be obtained.
Embodiment 35 ~ 37 suspension emulsion
Dispersant, defoamer, thickener (can add and can not add), antifreeze (can add and can not add) are mixed through high speed shear, add Choline Chloride, ball milling 2 ~ 3 hours in ball mill, make diameter of particle all below 5 μm, obtained Choline Chloride suspending agent, then by active component B, emulsifier, solvent and the direct emulsification of various auxiliary agent high speed agitators in suspending agent, obtained suspension emulsion product of the present invention.Specifically in table 6.
Table 6 embodiment 35 ~ 37 component and content
Embodiment 38 ~ 40 microcapsule suspending agent
By Choline Chloride, active component B, macromolecule cyst material, solvent, make to be dissolved into homogeneous oil phase, in a shear condition, oil phase is joined in the aqueous phase solution containing emulsifier, pH adjusting agent, dispersant, defoamer, surplus deionized water is supplied, and bi-material reacts at oil-water interfaces, forms macromolecule cyst wall, make the finely disseminated microcapsule suspending agent product of the present composition, specifically in table 7.
Table 7 embodiment 38 ~ 40 component and content
Embodiment 41 ~ 43 microcapsule suspension-suspendinagent agent
By active component B, macromolecule cyst material, solvent, make to be dissolved into homogeneous oil phase, oil phase is joined in a shear condition in the aqueous phase solution containing emulsifier, pH adjusting agent, make finely disseminated microcapsule suspending agent.Defoamer, thickener (can add and can not add) are mixed through high speed shear, add Choline Chloride, ball milling 2 ~ 3 hours in ball mill, make diameter of particle all below 5 μm, obtained suspending agent, then join in the aqueous phase solution of micro-capsule suspension by suspending agent, deionized water supplies surplus, make the finely disseminated microcapsule suspension-suspendinagent agent product of the present composition, specifically in table 8.
The each component of table 8 embodiment 41 ~ 43 and weight portion
Embodiment 44 ~ 51 aqua
Choline Chloride, active component B, wetting agent, antifreeze, solvent, deionized water etc. are mixed together, the aqua product of the obtained present composition, specifically in table 9.
Table 9 embodiment 44 ~ 51 component and content
Compound sodium nitrophenolate, potassium para-nitrophenate in table 9 are exchanged, can novel formulation be obtained.
The embodiment of the present invention is the method adopting Toxicity Determination and field trial to combine.First pass through Toxicity Determination, co-toxicity coefficient (CTC) after clear and definite two kinds of medicaments are composite by a certain percentage, CTC < 80 is antagonism, 80≤CTC≤120 are summation action, CTC > 120 is synergistic effect, on this basis, then carry out field trial.
Test method: respectively the mother liquor of each mixed agent is diluted to five series concentration during test, is placed in beaker respectively for subsequent use.Adopt the method connecing worm after first soaking leaf, take out after the blade of the same size not contacting any medicament is soaked 5s in the liquid configured, naturally dry, put into insect box, then connect for examination insect, raise under 25 DEG C of conditions, often process and repeat for 3 times, often repeating examination insect number used is 50, establishes blank simultaneously, checks dead borer population in 72h, calculate lethality and corrected mortality, try to achieve virulence regression equation and calculate LC 50value.If contrast lethality is greater than 10%, be then considered as invalid test.Computing formula is as follows:
Insect corrected mortality is converted into probit value (y), concentration for the treatment of (μ g/ml) converts logarithm value (x) to, virulence regression equation is drawn with method of least squares, and calculate the value of often kind of medicament thus, calculate co-toxicity coefficient CTC according to the abundant equation of Sun Yun.Computing formula following (take Choline Chloride as standard agent, its toxicity index is 100):
TI × the P of theoretical toxicity index (the TTI)=Choline Chloride of M choline Chloride+tI × the P of compound sodium nitrophenolate compound sodium nitrophenolate
In formula: M is the mixture of different ratio
P compound sodium nitrophenolatefor the ratio that compound sodium nitrophenolate is shared in the composition
P choline Chloridefor the ratio that Choline Chloride is shared in the composition
This measuring adopts growth of seedling method.Determination step is as follows:
Selecting seed of the same size dials in the culture dish of the 9cm size being covered with two layers of filter paper respectively, and 10, every ware adds the liquid 1.5ml configured, and contrast adding distil water, repeats 4 times.Cover ware lid, the artificial climate being placed into 28 ± 1 DEG C is indoor, illumination 10 hours.In 6 days check heights of seedling and root long.
Result statistical analysis:
Application Example two:
For examination evil mite: paddy rice rice leaf roller
Test medicine provides by Shaanxi Meibang Pesticide Co., Ltd..
Experimental scheme: through effective lethal concentration scope of preliminary experiment determination Choline Chloride and the former medicine of compound sodium nitrophenolate and the two different ratio mixture.
Toxicity test result
Table 10 Choline Chloride and the composite toxicity test analysis of results table to paddy rice rice leaf roller of compound sodium nitrophenolate
As shown in Table 10, Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate to paddy rice rice leaf roller proportioning when 1 ︰ 80 ~ 80 ︰ 1, co-toxicity coefficient is all greater than 120, both explanations mixture in 1 ︰ 80 ~ 80 ︰ 1 scope all shows synergistic effect, when the proportioning of Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate is at 25:1 ~ 1:15, synergistic effect is more obviously given prominence to, co-toxicity coefficient is all greater than 220, when the proportioning of Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate is at 14:1 ~ 1:4, synergistic effect is the most obviously given prominence to, co-toxicity coefficient is all greater than 230, wherein when Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate weight ratio are 5:1, co-toxicity coefficient is maximum, synergistic effect is the most obvious.Test through applicant and find that Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate proportioning are 25 ︰ 1, 24 ︰ 1, 23 ︰ 1, 22 ︰ 1, 21 ︰ 1, 20 ︰ 1, 19 ︰ 1, 18 ︰ 1, 17 ︰ 1, 16 ︰ 1, 15 ︰ 1, 14 ︰ 1, 13 ︰ 1, 12 ︰ 1, 11 ︰ 1, 10 ︰ 1, 9 ︰ 1, 8 ︰ 1, 7 ︰ 1, 6 ︰ 1, 5 ︰ 1, 4 ︰ 1, 3 ︰ 1, 2 ︰ 1, 1 ︰ 1, 1 ︰ 2, 1 ︰ 3, 1 ︰ 4, 1 ︰ 5, 1 ︰ 6, 1 ︰ 7, 1 ︰ 8, 1 ︰ 9, 1 ︰ 10, 1 ︰ 11, 1 ︰ 12, 1 ︰ 13, 1 ︰ 14, to the rice leaf roller in various crop during 1 ︰ 15, the control of rice fulgorid or striped rice borer has obvious synergistic effect, co-toxicity coefficient is all greater than 120.
Application Example three:
For studying thing: paddy rice
Test medicine provides by Shaanxi Meibang Pesticide Co., Ltd..
Experimental scheme: through the promotion concentration range of preliminary experiment determination Choline Chloride and the former medicine of compound sodium nitrophenolate and the two different ratio mixture.
Result of the test:
The mixed liquid of table 11 Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate and different proportion thereof is to the growth-promoting effect of paddy rice
As can be seen from Table 11 Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate used in combination after, can promote seedling and root growth, Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate proportioning in the scope of 1 ︰ 80 ~ 80 ︰ 1, all has stronger synergistic effect simultaneously.Especially when the proportioning of Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate is at 25:1 ~ 1:15, synergistic effect is more obviously given prominence to, test through applicant, the optimum ratio of discovery Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate is 25 ︰ 1, 24 ︰ 1, 23 ︰ 1, 22 ︰ 1, 21 ︰ 1, 20 ︰ 1, 19 ︰ 1, 18 ︰ 1, 17 ︰ 1, 16 ︰ 1, 15 ︰ 1, 14 ︰ 1, 13 ︰ 1, 12 ︰ 1, 11 ︰ 1, 10 ︰ 1, 9 ︰ 1, 8 ︰ 1, 7 ︰ 1, 6 ︰ 1, 5 ︰ 1, 4 ︰ 1, 3 ︰ 1, 2 ︰ 1, 1 ︰ 1, 1 ︰ 2, 1 ︰ 3, 1 ︰ 4, 1 ︰ 5, 1 ︰ 6, 1 ︰ 7, 1 ︰ 8, 1 ︰ 9, 1 ︰ 10, 1 ︰ 11, 1 ︰ 12, 1 ︰ 13, 1 ︰ 14, 1 ︰ 15, be wherein that 5 ︰ 1 effects are best with Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate.
Application Example four:
For studying thing: tomato
Test medicine provides by Shaanxi Meibang Pesticide Co., Ltd..
Experimental scheme: through the promotion concentration range of preliminary experiment determination Choline Chloride and the former medicine of potassium para-nitrophenate and the two different ratio mixture.
Result of the test:
The mixed liquid of table 12 Choline Chloride and potassium para-nitrophenate and different proportion thereof is to the growth-promoting effect of tomato
As can be seen from Table 12 Choline Chloride and potassium para-nitrophenate used in combination after, can promote seedling and root growth, Choline Chloride and potassium para-nitrophenate proportioning in the scope of 1 ︰ 80 ~ 80 ︰ 1, all has stronger synergistic effect simultaneously.Especially when the proportioning of Choline Chloride and potassium para-nitrophenate is at 25:1 ~ 1:15, synergistic effect is more obviously given prominence to, test through applicant, the optimum ratio of discovery Choline Chloride and potassium para-nitrophenate is 25 ︰ 1, 24 ︰ 1, 23 ︰ 1, 22 ︰ 1, 21 ︰ 1, 20 ︰ 1, 19 ︰ 1, 18 ︰ 1, 17 ︰ 1, 16 ︰ 1, 15 ︰ 1, 14 ︰ 1, 13 ︰ 1, 12 ︰ 1, 11 ︰ 1, 10 ︰ 1, 9 ︰ 1, 8 ︰ 1, 7 ︰ 1, 6 ︰ 1, 5 ︰ 1, 4 ︰ 1, 3 ︰ 1, 2 ︰ 1, 1 ︰ 1, 1 ︰ 2, 1 ︰ 3, 1 ︰ 4, 1 ︰ 5, 1 ︰ 6, 1 ︰ 7, 1 ︰ 8, 1 ︰ 9, 1 ︰ 10, 1 ︰ 11, 1 ︰ 12, 1 ︰ 13, 1 ︰ 14, 1 ︰ 15, be wherein that 3 ︰ 1 effects are best with Choline Chloride and potassium para-nitrophenate.
The phosphoric choline of implementation of an application example and active component B and the composite synergy pear tree test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
This experimental establishment is in Liquan County, Xianyang, Shanxi province city, test medicine is researched and developed by Shaanxi Meibang Pesticide Co., Ltd., is provided, contrast medicament 5% Choline Chloride wetting powder (autogamy), 0.9% compound sodium nitrophenolate aqua (commercial), 2% potassium para-nitrophenate aqua (autogamy).
In thanking to florescence first time dispenser, the dispenser of fruit expanding period second time, third time dispenser before the maturing stage, altogether dispenser 3 times.7 days investigation pears growing indexs after each dispenser also calculate growth rate.
Table 13 Choline Chloride and active component B and the composite synergy pear tree test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
As can be seen from Table 13, Choline Chloride and active component B composite after can significantly improve pears growth rate, promote well developed root system, promote crop to effective absorption of fertilizer, improve fruit-setting rate.
Implementation of an application example six Choline Chloride and active component B and the composite synergy vine test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
This experimental establishment is in Weinan City Dali County, Shaanxi Province, test medicine is researched and developed by Shaanxi Meibang Pesticide Co., Ltd., is provided, contrast medicament 5% Choline Chloride wetting powder (autogamy), 0.9% compound sodium nitrophenolate aqua (commercial), 2% potassium para-nitrophenate aqua (autogamy).
In thanking to florescence first time dispenser, the dispenser of fruit expanding period second time, third time dispenser before the maturing stage, altogether dispenser 3 times.7 days investigation grape growth indexes after each dispenser also calculate growth rate.
Table 14 Choline Chloride and active component B and the composite synergy vine test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
As can be seen from Table 14, Choline Chloride and active component B composite after can significantly improve grape growth rate, promote well developed root system, promote crop to effective absorption of fertilizer, improve fruit-setting rate.
Implementation of an application example seven Choline Chloride and active component B and the composite synergy apple tree test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
This experimental establishment is in Weinan City Dali County, Shaanxi Province, test medicine is researched and developed by Shaanxi Meibang Pesticide Co., Ltd., is provided, contrast medicament 5% Choline Chloride wetting powder (autogamy), 0.9% compound sodium nitrophenolate aqua (commercial), 2% potassium para-nitrophenate aqua (autogamy).
In thanking to florescence first time dispenser, the dispenser of fruit expanding period second time, third time dispenser before the maturing stage, altogether dispenser 3 times.7 days investigation apple development indexes after each dispenser also calculate growth rate.
Table 15 Choline Chloride and active component B and the composite synergy apple tree test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
As can be seen from Table 15, Choline Chloride and active component B composite after can significantly improve apple development rate, promote well developed root system, promote crop to effective absorption of fertilizer, improve fruit-setting rate.
Implementation of an application example eight Choline Chloride and active component B and the composite synergy paddy rice test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
This experimental establishment is at Shaanxi Province's Hanzhong City, test medicine is researched and developed by Shaanxi Meibang Pesticide Co., Ltd., is provided, contrast medicament 5% Choline Chloride wetting powder (autogamy), 0.9% compound sodium nitrophenolate aqua (commercial), 2% potassium para-nitrophenate aqua (autogamy).
2nd dispenser in 15 days after medicine, altogether dispenser 3 times for the first time.10 days investigation paddy growth indexes after each dispenser also calculate growth rate.
Table 16 Choline Chloride and active component B and the composite synergy paddy rice test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
As can be seen from Table 16, Choline Chloride and active component B composite after can significantly improve paddy growth rate, promote well developed root system, promote crop to effective absorption of fertilizer, improve ripening rate.
Application Example nine Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate and the composite control paddy rice rice leaf roller test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
This test arrangement is at Shaanxi Province's Hanzhong City, and investigation paddy rice rice leaf roller insect pest index before medicine, in the dispenser of insect pest initial stage of origination, 1 day, 7 days, 20 days investigation insect pest indexes after dispenser also calculate preventive effect.Result of the test is as follows:
Table 17 Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate and the composite control paddy rice rice leaf roller test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
As can be seen from Table 17, Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate composite after can effectively prevent and treat paddy rice rice leaf roller, through applicant test find Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate composite after also can be used for preventing and treating rice hoppers and striped rice borer, control efficiency is all higher than 97%, be better than the preventive effect of single dose, and the preventive effect phase is long.In test scope of medication, target crop is had no adverse effects.
Application Example ten Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate and the composite water prevention chilo suppressalis test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
This test arrangement is at Shaanxi Province's Hanzhong City, and investigation rice-stem borer insect pest index before medicine, in the dispenser of insect pest initial stage of origination, 1 day, 7 days, 20 days investigation insect pest indexes after dispenser also calculate preventive effect.Result of the test is as follows:
Table 18 Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate and the composite water prevention chilo suppressalis test of pesticide effectiveness thereof
As can be seen from Table 18, Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate composite after can effective water prevention chilo suppressalis, through applicant test find Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate composite after also can be used for preventing and treating rice hoppers and rice leaf roller, control efficiency is all higher than 97%, be better than the preventive effect of single dose, and the preventive effect phase is long.In test scope of medication, target crop is had no adverse effects.
After draw through tests different local throughout the country, Choline Chloride and the composite rear preventive effect to common insect pests such as the rice fulgorid in various crop, rice leaf roller and striped rice borer of compound sodium nitrophenolate are all more than 97%, and be better than single dose preventive effect, synergistic effect is obvious.
Above-described embodiment of the present invention, does not form limiting the scope of the present invention.Any amendment done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, equivalent replacement and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. the composition pesticide of a chloride containing choline, it is characterized in that: effective active composition is active components A and active component B, the weight ratio of active components A and active component B is 1 ︰ 80 ~ 80 ︰ 1, described active components A is Choline Chloride, and active component B is selected from the one in compound sodium nitrophenolate, potassium para-nitrophenate.
2. the composition pesticide of a kind of chloride containing choline according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the weight ratio of active components A and active component B is 50 ︰ 1 ~ 1 ︰ 50.
3. the composition pesticide of a kind of chloride containing choline according to claim 2, is characterized in that:
The weight ratio of Choline Chloride and compound sodium nitrophenolate is 25:1 ~ 1:15;
The weight ratio of Choline Chloride and potassium para-nitrophenate is 25:1 ~ 1:15.
4. the composition pesticide of chloride containing choline according to any one of claim 1 to 3, is characterized in that: composition makes wetting powder, water dispersible granules, suspending agent, suspension emulsion, aqueous emulsion, microemulsion, microcapsule suspending agent, microcapsule suspension-suspendinagent agent or aqua.
5. the purposes of composition pesticide insect in coordinate plant growth and control crops of chloride containing choline according to claim 4.
6. purposes according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described insect is rice leaf roller, rice fulgorid or striped rice borer.
CN201410369807.2A 2014-07-30 2014-07-30 Pesticidal composition containing choline chloride Pending CN105309429A (en)

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