CN105297886A - Lightweight steel structure building frame system - Google Patents

Lightweight steel structure building frame system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105297886A
CN105297886A CN201410327125.5A CN201410327125A CN105297886A CN 105297886 A CN105297886 A CN 105297886A CN 201410327125 A CN201410327125 A CN 201410327125A CN 105297886 A CN105297886 A CN 105297886A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
steel
stomach wall
hole
collar tie
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CN201410327125.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105297886B (en
Inventor
王育武
吴文军
王道锋
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Science And Technology Ltd Is Made A Concerted Effort To Build In Guangdong
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Science And Technology Ltd Is Made A Concerted Effort To Build In Guangdong
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Application filed by Science And Technology Ltd Is Made A Concerted Effort To Build In Guangdong filed Critical Science And Technology Ltd Is Made A Concerted Effort To Build In Guangdong
Priority to CN201410327125.5A priority Critical patent/CN105297886B/en
Priority to BR112017000282A priority patent/BR112017000282A2/en
Priority to AU2015286054A priority patent/AU2015286054A1/en
Priority to PCT/CN2015/083691 priority patent/WO2016004887A1/en
Publication of CN105297886A publication Critical patent/CN105297886A/en
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Publication of CN105297886B publication Critical patent/CN105297886B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/19Three-dimensional framework structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/58Connections for building structures in general of bar-shaped building elements

Abstract

The invention discloses a lightweight steel structure building frame system. The lightweight steel structure building frame system comprises steel ground beams, steel beam columns, transverse ring beams, steel floor beams and roof beams, wherein the steel beam columns are vertically arranged on the steel ground beams; the transverse ring beams are fixedly connected with the steel beam columns; the steel floor beams are placed on the ring beams and are fixedly connected with the steel beam columns; the roof beams are arranged on a roof and are fixedly connected with the steel beam columns; and respective connection portions of the steel ground beams, the steel beam columns, the ring beams and the steel floor beams are subjected to punch forming at one step according to certain modulus spacing. Various lightweight steel members which are produced in a standardizing and modularizing mode can be connected to one another together quickly and conveniently, during mounting, the lightweight steel structure building frame system can be positioned and fixed rapidly, ranging and location procedures of the steel beam columns and the like of an existing steel structure building are greatly reduced during mounting, construction materials are saved, construction efficiency is greatly improved, and construction cost is reduced obviously.

Description

A kind of light-weight structure residence frame system
Technical field
The invention belongs to construction steel structure field, particularly relate to a kind of light-weight structure residence frame system.
Background technology
Existing civilian construction mainly adopt reinforced cement concrete frame construction and steel work two kinds of structure typess.
Traditional reinforced cement concrete frame structure building is the building type of domestic most main flow, the various complexity of its working procedure, and efficiency of construction is low, and especially it executes man-hour requirement mounting or dismounting template, has both reduced efficiency of construction, and has also provided construction cost; And material usage is many, from great, consumptive material consumes energy.
Steel building common at present applies to industrial factory building in a large number, its mounting method is adopted international standards hot-rolled steel section bar usually, by welding or bolt is fixing etc. that Combination of Methods becomes structural framing, reinforced concrete floor and masonry wall structure is laid in framework, its relative reinforced concrete structure building is simple and efficient, duration is shorter, but it is high yet to there is material cost simultaneously, processed complex, need the shortcomings such as integrated mill's processing and on-the-spot large lifting equipment lifting, body of wall adopts prefabricated panel assembled usually, the different problem of expansion and contraction is there is from steel structure frame, very easily ftracture and cause occurring seepage problem even body of wall to collapse the human safety issues such as to fall.
Light weight steel structure adopts light gauge cold-formed steel shape material to be combined into overall rib steel reinforced bearing structure, has the advantages such as steel processing is easy, dead load is little, anti-seismic performance is good, also there is wind resistance torsional property poor simultaneously, the shortcoming such as at the bottom of steel easy-to-rust, durability degree.If energy combined cast-in-situ light-weight water-proof concrete technology, steel are wrapped up by light-weight water-proof concrete, then greatly can improve the antitorque shear behavior of steel, also can greatly extend its corrosion time limit after isolated with air water, the comprehensive moistureproof waterproof energy-saving effect of building is improved greatly.But the real abdomen C-type steel material that traditional light steel construction often adopts cuts as required by factory or scene, and specification is various, each component must be installed by ranging localization respectively, method is comparatively original, processing and installation effectiveness lower, it is comparatively large to install randomness, is unfavorable for normalized construction and quality control.Further, real abdomen C-type steel material is unfavorable for that the concrete flowing of light-weight water-proof is through, makes it cannot be frozen into an entirety and poor effect.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is, provides the Novel light steel house frame system that a kind of installation effectiveness is high, construction cost is low.
Object of the present invention, is also to provide a kind of light weight concrete construction of being convenient to build, be beneficial to the light-weight structure residence frame system that light weight concrete construction flows through.
A kind of light-weight structure residence frame system of the present invention, comprise steel grade beam, vertically be located at the beam-column of described steel grade beam, the collar tie beam of the horizontally set be fixedly connected with described beam-column, be positioned over the steel floor beam be fixedly connected with above described collar tie beam and with described beam-column, be located at roof and the roof beam be fixedly connected with described beam-column; The modularization spacing of respective connecting portion all by certain of described steel grade beam, beam-column, collar tie beam, steel floor beam is one time punching molded.
Preferably, described steel grade beam comprises stomach wall and sidewall, and described stomach wall inwall is provided with the location deck for connecting beam-column, and described location deck is made up of the projection that two pieces be arranged in parallel, leaves the gap for blocking described beam-column between two pieces of described projections; Described beam-column cross section is C type, comprises stomach wall and sidewall, the inside bending of exterior rim of described sidewall; Offer the slot that can stretch into for described collar tie beam in the middle part of the stomach wall of described beam-column, described slot is respectively equipped with fixture block along the inner edge, both sides of described stomach wall length direction; Described collar tie beam is square body, is provided with the first symmetrical hole slot in the middle part of the upper and lower bottom surface of collar tie beam, and arrange along upper and lower bottom width direction, described fixture block and described first hole slot are connected together; Described steel floor beam comprises stomach wall and sidewall, and described steel floor beam is sidelong on described collar tie beam, and is fixedly connected with the stomach wall of described beam-column by its stomach wall position.Roof beam can choice for use steel floor beam or beam-column according to load and span, and do not need special separately in addition, roof beam is edge-on to be placed on the collar tie beam of the superiors, and is fixedly connected with the stomach wall external surface of beam-column.Slot, first hole slot of described location deck, C-type steel beam column stomach wall are one time punching molded by certain modulus spacing.Preferably, described steel grade beam, beam-column, collar tie beam, steel floor soffit of girder wall and/or sidewall are provided with the segmentation reference line being used to indicate described modulus spacing.
Each lightweight steel component that the present invention is produced by standardization, modularization can be spelled quickly and easily and is connected together, and forms an overall steel structure frame.Steel grade beam stomach wall has location deck, beam-column can on steel grade beam quick position clamping; Beam-column stomach wall has slot, and collar tie beam can stretch into the slot of beam-column easily and be fixed on one with beam-column; Steel floor beam can be positioned on collar tie beam easily, and fixes with beam-column; Roof beam can be positioned over the collar tie beam of the superiors simply, and fixes with beam-column.By the way, each steel beam column can be combined in one easily, the connecting portion of each lightweight steel component, the modularization spacing of first hole slot of the location deck of such as steel grade beam, the slot of C-type steel beam column, collar tie beam etc. all according to certain on each lightweight steel component is one time punching molded, thus when installing above-mentioned steel work general frame, very rapidly can locate and fix, greatly reduce the ranging localization operation of existing steel building beam-column etc. when mounted, provide efficiency of construction very significantly, build consuming time greatly reducing.Installed by the lightweight steel component of standardization, modularization, also greatly saved construction material, construction cost significantly reduces.In addition, according to on-the-spot bonding state, each steel beam column is divided into the length of standard for the ease of workman, stomach wall and/or the sidewall of above-mentioned steel grade beam, beam-column, collar tie beam, steel floor beam are also provided with the segmentation reference line being used to indicate described modulus spacing, thus further can improve installation effectiveness.
Meanwhile, the slot of beam-column, except for installing except fixing collar tie beam, can also be used for building mouth as light-weight water-proof is concrete, and it is through to be beneficial to the concrete flowing of light-weight water-proof, is conducive to making it be frozen into an entirety.
Preferably, on collar tie beam, bottom surface also offers some second holes being positioned at middle part, also some 3rd holes are provided with in the middle part of the stomach wall of steel floor beam, by slot, the second hole of collar tie beam, the 3rd hole of steel floor beam of beam-column, when Cast-in-situs type body of wall, flooring construction, be convenient to concrete circulation, make concrete fill in each component inside, ensure concreting reliability, greatly strengthen the resistant to rust ability of each component simultaneously; In addition, these cavities can be used for hot-water heating, electric line passes, and without the need to separately establishing spool layer, spool is easy for installation; And can make that the biography of body of wall and flooring is cold, heat transfer and acoustic path increase, improve body of wall and flooring every cold, heat insulation and soundproof effect.Arrange the 3rd hole at steel floor soffit of girder wall, when steel floor beam is subject to the vertical external force from floor, vertical external force can be disperseed along the 3rd hole both sides by the 3rd hole, effectively weakens steel floor beam by the vibration after external force; Component own wt can also be alleviated simultaneously, thus alleviate the pressure to C-type steel beam column, save material and cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing of embodiment below.
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of a kind of light-weight structure residence frame system of the present invention embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of steel grade beam in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the assembling schematic diagram of middle steel grade beam embodiment illustrated in fig. 2 and beam-column;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of C-type steel beam column in one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the invention Girth.
Fig. 6 is the assembling schematic diagram of C-type steel beam column and collar tie beam in one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 7 is the assembling schematic diagram of C-type steel beam column and collar tie beam in one embodiment of the invention, steel floor beam.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of steel floor beam in one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 9 is the overall schematic of roof beam in one embodiment of the invention.
Figure 10 is the assembling schematic diagram of roof beam and beam-column in Fig. 9, the superiors' collar tie beam.
Figure 11 is the assembling schematic diagram of C-type steel beam column and wallboard suspension member in one embodiment of the invention.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of deadlight suspension member embodiment illustrated in fig. 11.
Detailed description of the invention
The specific embodiment of the present invention is further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figure 1, Fig. 1 shows the overall structure schematic diagram of a kind of light-weight structure residence frame system of the present invention embodiment, the embodiment of the present invention is used for the frame system building a light steel house structure rapidly, by installing sheet material inside and outside each lightweight steel component of built frame system, and light-weight water-proof concrete is built in the confined space that sheet material and lightweight steel component are formed, namely build up a light-weight structure residence.
A kind of light-weight structure residence frame system of the present invention embodiment, comprise steel grade beam 11, vertically be located at the beam-column 12 of described steel grade beam 11, the collar tie beam 13 of the horizontally set be fixedly connected with described beam-column 12, be positioned over the steel floor beam 14 be fixedly connected with above described collar tie beam 13 and with described beam-column 12, be located at roof and the roof beam 15 be fixedly connected with described beam-column; The respective connecting portion of described steel grade beam 11, beam-column 12, collar tie beam 13, steel floor beam 14 is one time punching molded by certain modularization spacing.
Specifically, in the embodiment shown in fig. 1, described steel grade beam 11 comprises stomach wall 111 and sidewall 112, described stomach wall 111 inwall is provided with the location deck 113 for connecting beam-column 12, described location deck 113 is made up of two pieces of projections be arranged in parallel 1131, leaves the gap for blocking described beam-column between two pieces of described projections 1131; Described beam-column 12 cross section is C type, comprises stomach wall 121 and sidewall 122, the inside bending of exterior rim of described sidewall 122; Offer the slot 123 that can stretch into for described collar tie beam 13 in the middle part of the stomach wall 121 of described C-type steel beam column, described slot 123 is respectively equipped with fixture block 124 along the inner edge, both sides of described stomach wall length direction; Described collar tie beam 13 is square body, is provided with the first symmetrical hole slot 131 in the middle part of the upper and lower bottom surface of collar tie beam 13, arranges along upper and lower bottom width direction, and described fixture block 124 is connected together with described first hole slot 131; Described steel floor beam 14 comprises stomach wall 141 and sidewall 142, and described steel floor beam 14 is sidelong on described collar tie beam 13, and is fixedly connected with the stomach wall 121 of described C-type steel beam column 12 by its stomach wall 131 position.Roof beam 15 can choice for use steel floor beam 14 or beam-column 12 according to load and span, and do not need special separately in addition, roof beam 15 is edge-on to be placed on the collar tie beam 13 of the superiors, and is fixedly connected with the stomach wall external surface of beam-column 12.When building is pinnacle shape, the edge-on oblique collar tie beam 13 being positioned over the superiors of roof beam 15, and the oblique roof beam in building both sides is fixing in the docking of pinnacle ridge; When building is flat-top shape, the edge-on collar tie beam 13 being placed horizontally in the superiors of roof beam 15.
In the above-described embodiments, slot 123, first hole slot 131 of described location deck 113, C-type steel beam column stomach wall is one time punching molded by certain modulus spacing.Preferably, described steel grade beam 11, beam-column 12, collar tie beam 13, steel floor beam 14 stomach wall and/or sidewall are provided with the segmentation reference line being used to indicate described modulus spacing.
Each lightweight steel component that the present invention is produced by standardization, modularization can be spelled quickly and easily and is connected together, and forms an overall steel structure frame.Steel grade beam 11 stomach wall has location deck 113, beam-column 12 can on steel grade beam 11 quick position clamping; Beam-column 12 stomach wall has slot 123, and collar tie beam 13 can stretch into the slot 123 of beam-column 12 easily and be fixed on one with beam-column; Steel floor beam 14 can be positioned on collar tie beam 13 easily, and fixes with beam-column 12; Roof beam 15 can be positioned over the collar tie beam 13 of the superiors simply, and fixes with beam-column 12.By the way, each steel beam column can be combined in one easily, the connecting portion of each lightweight steel component, the location deck 113 of such as steel grade beam 11, the slot 123 of C-type steel beam column 12, the modularization spacing of first hole slot 131 of collar tie beam 13 etc. all according to certain on each lightweight steel component is one time punching molded, thus when installing above-mentioned steel work general frame, very rapidly can locate and fix, greatly reduce the ranging localization operation of existing steel building beam-column etc. when mounted, provide efficiency of construction very significantly, build consuming time greatly reducing.Installed by the lightweight steel component of standardization, modularization, also greatly saved construction material, construction cost significantly reduces.In addition, according to on-the-spot bonding state, each steel beam column is divided into the length of standard for the ease of workman, stomach wall and/or the sidewall of above-mentioned steel grade beam 11, beam-column 12, collar tie beam 13, steel floor beam 14 are also provided with the segmentation reference line being used to indicate described modulus spacing, thus further can improve installation effectiveness.
Meanwhile, the slot 123 of beam-column 12, except for installing except fixing collar tie beam 13, can also be used for building mouth as light-weight water-proof is concrete, and it is through to be beneficial to the concrete flowing of light-weight water-proof, is conducive to making it be frozen into an entirety.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of steel grade beam 11 embodiment illustrated in fig. 1, can be more clearly visible from figure, the steel grade beam of this light steel house comprises stomach wall 111 and sidewall 112, preferably, its U-shaped profile, wherein, for connecting the location deck 113 of beam-column 12 on described stomach wall 111 inwall, described location deck 113 is preferably symmetrical on described stomach wall 111 inwall, described location deck 113 is made up of two pieces of projections be arranged in parallel 1131, leaves the gap for the main beam-column 12 of card between two pieces of described projections 1131.As shown in Figure 3, during concrete enforcement, this gap is consistent with beam-column 12 thickness of abdominal wall, U-shaped steel ground beam 11 is connected with the beam-column 12 vertically placed by location deck 113, thus can realize carrying out quick position and temporary fixed to beam-column 12, greatly reduce ranging localization operation when installing beam-column 12.
Better, the two side 112 of steel grade beam 11 is provided with some the first installing holes 115 passed for bolt symmetrical each other, and this first installing hole is used for carrying out bolt with the beam-column 12 behind location and is connected, accordingly, the sidewall 122 of beam-column 12 also has the 3rd installing hole 127, hereafter in detail it is described in detail.In an embodiment, by the first installing hole 115 on sidewall 112, the beam-column behind location 12 can be made to carry out further fastening, quick and easy for installation and firmly.
Better, be provided with the first hole 117 in the middle part of described stomach wall 111, in an embodiment, this first hole 117 can be used for hot-water heating, electric line passes, when Cast-in-situs type wall construction, be convenient to concrete circulation, component own wt can also be alleviated simultaneously, save material.
Better, the stomach wall 111 of steel grade beam 11 is also provided with symmetrical for connect ground the elongated hole 116 reserved so that built-in fitting through and fix steel grade beam.
Described location deck 113, first installing hole 115, elongated hole 116, first hole 117 are all one time punching molded by the spacing of certain modulus m, and processing simple and fast, is applicable to industrial production.Preferably, described sidewall 112 is respectively equipped with the segmentation reference line 118 being used to indicate described modulus spacing, so that U-shaped steel ground beam is divided into the length of standard by workman according to on-the-spot bonding state, and then realizes modularization installation, improves installation effectiveness.Certain stomach wall 111 also can be provided with the segmentation reference line being used to indicate modulus spacing.
As shown in Figure 4, described beam-column 12 cross section is C type, comprises stomach wall 121 and sidewall 122, and preferably, the inside bending of exterior rim of described sidewall 122, greatly to strengthen the bending resistance of beam-column; Offer slot 123 in the middle part of the stomach wall 121 of described C-type steel beam column 12, described slot 123 is respectively equipped with fixture block 124 along the inner edge, both sides of described stomach wall 121 length direction; Fixture block 124 is one-body molded with stomach wall 121 or be fixedly connected with, such as can for the advance by leaps and bounds tip shaping in slot 123 inner edge.Concrete, two described fixture blocks 124 are symmetrical each other and be positioned on the center line of described stomach wall 121, and to ensure the uniform force of C-type steel beam column 12, stability when improving overlap joint, prevents the generation of security hidden trouble.Shown slot 123 is for collar tie beam 13 shown in shown installation, described collar tie beam 13 can pass described slot 123, and collar tie beam 13 is provided with the first hole slot 131, and described fixture block 124 snaps in wherein, make collar tie beam 13 form buckle with beam-column 12 to be connected, hereafter it will be described in detail in detail.
Further, the stomach wall 121 of described C-type steel beam column 12 offers some the second installing holes 124 passed for bolt, this second installing hole is used for being connected with described steel floor beam 14 bolt, accordingly, the belly of steel floor beam 14 is provided with four installing hole 144 corresponding with described second installing hole 124, hereafter it will be described in detail in detail.
Further, the stomach wall 121 width both sides of described C-type steel beam column 12 are respectively equipped with the second hole slot 126 of the symmetry for installing wallboard suspension member 16, described second hole slot is prolate shape hole, arrange along described stomach wall 121 length direction, described second hole slot 126 is preferably placed at stomach wall both sides between adjacent two slots 124 close to edge.During concrete enforcement, inside and outside wall board is by suspension member quick position and be fixed on C-type steel beam column 12, greatly improves installation efficiency; When Cast-in-situs type wall construction, elongated hole compares bolt can provide more powerful pulling force for suspension member and inside and outside wall board, makes wallboard replace template, removes the work of a form removal from, has saved a large amount of labours and material.
Further, the sidewall 122 of described C-type steel beam column 12 is provided with that some the 3rd installing hole the 127, three installing holes 127 for connecting steel grade beam in bolt are that is as above to be connected for forming bolt with the first installing hole 115 of steel grade beam 11.After the location deck 113 C-type steel beam column 12 being vertically located at described steel grade beam 11, the 3rd installing hole 127 on described C-type steel beam column 12 can be corresponding with the first installing hole on steel grade beam 11, thus carry out bolt connection.
During concrete enforcement, by the second installing hole 125 of the 3rd installing hole 127 on C-type steel beam column sidewall 122 and stomach wall 121, the steel grade beam behind location, steel floor beam, suspension member etc. can be made to carry out further fastening, guarantee the stability of whole steel structure of housing system.
Better, described slot 123, second installing hole 125, second hole slot 126, the 3rd installing hole 127 are all one time punching molded by the spacing of certain modulus m, processing simple and fast, be applicable to industrial production, make story height, door and window and wallboard size implementation specification simultaneously, beam-column component 12 also can adjust by the multiple of modulus, has very strong flexibility.Better, described stomach wall 121 and sidewall 122 are respectively equipped with the segmentation reference line 118 being used to indicate described modulus spacing, so that beam-column is divided into the length of standard by workman according to on-the-spot bonding state, improve installation effectiveness further.
Better, as shown in Figure 4, stomach wall 121 surface pressure of described beam-column 12 is shaped with the reinforcing rib region 128 be inwardly recessed, thus effectively improves the structural strength of beam-column 12.It should be noted that, it is from the angle of the external surface of stomach wall 121 to inner surface that reinforcing rib region 128 is inwardly recessed, and from the angle of the inner space that stomach wall 121 and two side 122 surround, then reinforcing rib region 128 is inwardly protruding.Further, the reinforcing rib region 128 of described beam-column 12 is between the second hole slot 126 of adjacent two slots 123 of stomach wall length direction, width symmetry, and continuous punch forming between slot 123 and stomach wall 121 width both side edges, thus form continuously reinforcing rib region, more effectively to increase the rigidity of beam-column 12, and make reinforcing rib region 128 both comprise transverse part 1281, and longitudinal part 1282, with the horizontal and vertical intensity of reinforced steel beam and girder post, effectively improve the impact resistance of beam-column.The reinforcement embossing of beam-column 12 is preferably a roll forming, and its production efficiency is high, can produce in enormous quantities.
As shown in Figure 5, described collar tie beam 13 is the light steel tube body that the cross section be made up of upper and lower bottom surface and left and right side is square; The first hole slot 131 is equipped with in the middle part of described upper and lower bottom surface, described first hole slot 131 is prolate shape hole, arrange along described upper and lower bottom width direction, namely described first hole slot 131 is connected for forming buckle with the fixture block 124 of described beam-column 12 stomach wall as noted earlier.As shown in Figure 6, during assembling, by the slot 123 on C-type steel beam column stomach wall 121, collar tie beam 13 can pass C-type steel beam column 12, and the first hole slot 131 utilizing fixture block 124 corresponding on collar tie beam is connected together, can realize carrying out quick position to collar tie beam 13 and fixing, greatly reduce ranging localization operation when installing C-type steel beam column 12, the height of collar tie beam 13 and even steel floor beam 14 can be determined fast and accurately, two-layer above building, without the need to being disconnected by C-type steel beam column 12, causes the phenomenon of the mechanical property deficiency of transition connection portion position after avoiding disconnection.
Better, the upper and lower bottom surface of described collar tie beam 13 also offers the second hole 132 being positioned at middle part, and this second hole 132 can facilitate concrete to flow into component inside, greatly the resistant to rust ability of reinforcement.Better, the second hole 132 both sides of the edge place of the upper bottom surface of described collar tie beam 13 is also provided with the 3rd hole slot 133, and described 3rd hole slot 133 is prolate shape hole, arranges along described upper and lower sole length direction.3rd hole slot 133 can be used for connecting special corner brace, makes collar tie beam 13 have very strong versatility, can serve as the functions such as floor beam, carling's door and window, door and window joist, simple and easy wall column and use.Such as, when collar tie beam 13 is arranged on horizontal girder steel element as simple and easy wall uprights vertical, quick position and temporary fixed can be carried out to collar tie beam by the 3rd hole slot 133 and special corner brace, as needed further fastening collar tie beam 13, only on horizontal girder steel element, corresponding bolt need be installed, without the need to erection bolt on collar tie beam, greatly improve installation efficiency, certainly, welding can also be adopted, willow connects mode and carry out fastening on horizontal girder steel element.
Better, the first hole slot 131, second hole 132 on collar tie beam 13, the modulus spacing of the 3rd hole slot 133 all by certain are one time punching molded, so that better with beam-column 12 and other corresponding components are assembled is connected.
As shown in Figure 7, described steel floor beam 14 comprises stomach wall 141 and sidewall 142, and steel floor beam 14 is edge-on to be positioned on described collar tie beam 13, and is fixedly connected with the stomach wall 142 of beam-column 12 by its stomach wall 141 position.
Fig. 8 show further the structural representation of steel floor beam 14, and the stomach wall 141 of described steel floor beam 14 is provided with some groups of the 4th installing holes 144 be arranged at respectively with stomach wall 141 two side areas in the middle part of stomach wall 141.Described 4th installing hole 144 is namely for being connected with the second installing hole 125 bolt on beam-column 12 stomach wall as above.During concrete enforcement, after C-type steel beam column 12 is fixedly connected with collar tie beam 13, steel floor beam 14 is overlapped between two collar tie beams 13, namely above the collar tie beam 13 behind permanent position, edge-on steel floor beam 14 is placed, thus by steel floor beam 14 stomach wall 141 by be attached on C-type steel beam column 12 stomach wall 121 and to position, the lengthwise position of Mobile steel floor beam 14 makes the 4th installing hole 144 corresponding with the second installing hole 125, connects with bolt.Like this, mode with bolts, avoids erecting bed power supply when adopting Site Welding mode and causes invisible potential safety hazard, improve installation rate simultaneously.
In addition, as shown in Figure 8, in the middle part of the stomach wall of described steel floor beam 14, some 3rd holes 143 are also provided with, the 3rd installing hole 143 of 141 region between described 3rd hole 143 adjacent between two in the middle part of described stomach wall.Described 3rd hole 143 is designed to square, can certainly be triangle, rhombus, other arbitrary shape such as trapezoidal, when steel floor beam is subject to the vertical external force from floor, vertical external force is disperseed along the 3rd hole 143 both sides by the 3rd hole 143, and effectively can weaken steel floor beam 14 by the vibration after external force; Component own wt can also be alleviated simultaneously, thus alleviate the pressure to C-type steel beam column 12, save material and cost.In fig. 8, between every two adjacent described 3rd holes 143 on described steel floor beam 14 stomach wall 141, both sides, region are also provided with symmetrical hole clipping 145, and this hole clipping can be used for connecting keel fast, improve the flexibility that steel floor beam 14 is applied.
Also it should be noted that, the present invention is by slot 123, the 3rd hole 143 of steel floor beam 14, second hole 132 of collar tie beam 13 of C-type steel beam column 12, can be used for hot-water heating, electric line passes, without the need to separately establishing spool layer, spool is easy for installation, when Cast-in-situs type body of wall, flooring construction, also be convenient to concrete circulation, make concrete fill in each component inside, ensure concreting reliability, greatly strengthen the resistant to rust ability of each component simultaneously; In addition, slot 123, the 3rd hole 143, second hole 132 can make that the biography of body of wall and flooring is cold, heat transfer and acoustic path increase, improve body of wall and flooring every cold, heat insulation and soundproof effect.
Better, the modulus spacing m all by certain is one time punching molded for the 3rd hole 143 on the stomach wall 141 of described steel floor beam 14, the 4th installing hole 144, hole clipping 145, processing simple and fast, be applicable to industrial production, make floor size implementation specification simultaneously, steel floor beam also can adjust by the multiple of modulus, has very strong flexibility.Preferably, the stomach wall 141 of steel floor beam 14 is provided with the segmentation reference line 147 being used to indicate described modulus spacing, so that beam-column is divided into the length of standard by workman according to field condition, improves installation effectiveness further.Certainly, the sidewall 142 of steel floor beam 14 also can arrange segmentation reference line.
Better, as shown in Figure 8, the abdominal wall surface of described steel floor beam 14 is suppressed with the reinforcing rib region 146 be inwardly recessed as beam-column 12 abdominal wall surface, thus effectively improves the structural strength of steel floor beam 14.It should be noted that, it is from the angle of the external surface of belly 141 to inner surface that reinforcing rib region 146 is inwardly recessed, and from the angle of the inner space that stomach wall 141 and both sides sidewall 142 surround, then reinforcing rib region 146 be internally projection.Described reinforcing rib region 146 preferably includes cross reinforcing 1461 and waling 1462, and form continuously " well " font reinforcing rib region, the 3rd hole 143 in the middle part of described stomach wall 141 is preferably placed in reinforcing rib region 146, and the 4th installing hole 144, hole clipping 145 are all positioned at outside reinforcing rib region 146.The 3rd hole 143 being positioned at reinforcing rib region 146 is conducive to vertical external force to be disperseed along the 3rd hole 143 both sides further, thus more effectively weakens steel floor beam 14 by the vibration after external force.The horizontal and vertical intensity of steel floor beam and rigidity can be strengthened in the reinforcing rib region 146 be made up of cross reinforcing and waling, effectively improve supporting capacity and the impact resistance of steel floor beam, weaken steel floor beam further by the vibration after external force.Preferably, the reinforcement embossing of steel floor beam 4 is that its production efficiency is high by a roll-forming, can produce in enormous quantities.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the location deck 113 for being connected with beam-column 12 that steel grade beam 11 is arranged, the slot 123 being provided with fixture block 124 for blocking collar tie beam 13 that beam-column 12 is arranged, the second installing hole 125 for being connected with steel floor beam bolt that beam-column 12 is arranged, for the second hole slot 126 of mounting suspension member, on collar tie beam 13 for the first hole slot 131 with fixture block 124 clamping on beam-column 12, on steel floor beam 14 for one time punching molded with the modulus spacing of bolted 4th installing hole 144 of the second installing hole 125 of beam-column 12 all according to certain, each component processing simple and fast, whole light steel house structural framing system implementation specification simultaneously, standardization, promptly can install and splice in one, form general frame, significantly improve the integral construction efficiency of lightweight steel construction frame system.Further, be provided with the segmentation reference line of instruction modulus spacing at the stomach wall of steel grade beam 11, beam-column 12, collar tie beam 13 and steel floor beam 14 or sidewall separately, workman can positioning distance measuring very easily when mounted, and efficiency of construction significantly improves.
In embodiments of the present invention, according to load and span, choice for use steel floor beam or beam-column can be used as roof beam, without the need to the structure of special design roof beam separately, construction cost is low.As shown in Figure 9, Figure 10, in this embodiment, roof beam 15 adopts the structure of steel floor beam, certainly, in other embodiments, also can adopt the structure of steel post.Fabric structure embodiment illustrated in fig. 9, its roof is pinnacle shape, the edge-on oblique collar tie beam 13 being positioned over the superiors of roof beam 15, sidewall 151 by roof beam 15 is positioned over collar tie beam 13, simultaneously, stomach wall 151 external surface and beam-column 12 stomach wall 121 of roof beam 15 are adjacent to, and by the installing hole of roof beam 15 stomach wall and the installing hole bolton of beam-column 12 stomach wall.The oblique roof beam 15 in building both sides is fixing in the docking of pinnacle ridge.Preferably, two steel floor beams are leaned against with stomach wall and is fixed on one, then can use it for and be connected to below ridge as purlin 153.The convenience quick for installation of roof beam, and adopt steel floor beam or beam-column to take on, there is extraordinary strength and stability.
Preferably, as shown in figure 11, C-type steel beam column width both sides are respectively equipped with the wallboard suspension member 16 for installing inside and outside sheet material.Concrete, the inside and outside wallboard of building is fixedly connected with described beam-column 12 by wallboard suspension member 16, and as shown in figure 12, wallboard suspension member 16 comprises supporting plate 161 for overlapping wallboard and the installing plate 162 for being connected beam-column 12; Described supporting plate 161 is provided with overhead gage 1611 and lower baffle plate 1612 towards one end of wallboard; Described supporting plate 161 is provided with a gap 1613 away from one end of wallboard towards the side of beam-column 12, described installing plate 162 is vertically connected at gap 1613 edge of described supporting plate 161, and described installing plate 162 is provided with at least one hanger 1623 towards the one side of beam-column 12.During concrete enforcement, as shown in Figure 10, wallboard suspension member is buckled in corresponding second hole slot 126 of beam-column 12 by hanger 1623, just can realizes temporary fixed, quick and easy for installation.
In order to be further fastened on by suspension member on beam-column 12, preferably, described installing plate 162 is also provided with some the 5th installing holes 1622 for connecting in bolt.After the second hole slot 126 wallboard suspension member being buckled into beam-column 12 by hanger 1623, the 5th installing hole 1622 on wallboard suspension member 16 may correspond to the second installing hole 125 of beam-column 12 stomach wall lateral edges, thus be bolted carry out further fastening.
In order to improve the matching property between hanger 1623 and the second hole slot 126, adopt multiple hanger 1623 connected mode, the gap error between hanger 1623 and the second hole slot 126 can be reduced, avoid the outside side-sway of suspension member and loosening phenomenon, preferably, described hanger 1623 is vertically provided with two; Meanwhile, owing to also considering the manufacturing process of component, hanger 1623 is arranged on the edge of described installing plate 162, make hanger and this body by integral forming of suspension member, low cost of manufacture, structural strength are high.
Better, the opposite side of the relatively described gap 1613 of described supporting plate 161 is triangular panels.Because suspension member mainly bears from body of wall pressure, more powerful impact resistance and supporting capacity can be provided for suspension member by this triangular panels.
Better, described supporting plate 161 surface is provided with reinforcing rib 1614, thus strengthens the strength and stiffness of suspension member further.
Better, described overhead gage 1611 is positioned at the both sides of described supporting plate 161 towards one end of wallboard, and described lower baffle plate 1612 is positioned at the centre of described supporting plate 161 towards one end of wallboard.Certainly, the setting position of overhead gage and lower baffle plate, can adjust according to the bonding state of on-the-spot wallboard, and such as, overhead gage is positioned at the centre of supporting plate towards one end of wallboard, and lower baffle plate is positioned at the both sides of supporting plate towards one end of wallboard; Overhead gage is positioned at the side of supporting plate towards one end of wallboard, and lower baffle plate is positioned at the opposite side of supporting plate towards one end of wallboard.
By the mode that inside and outside wall board is combined with bolt-locking with mounting by suspension member 16, suspension member 16 quick position can be made and be fixed on beam-column 12, greatly improving installation efficiency; When Cast-in-situs type wall construction, mounting is compared bolt and is connected and weld and can provide more powerful mechanical property for suspension member and inside and outside wall board, and its construction cost is low.
Each lightweight steel component that the present invention is produced by standardization, modularization, comprise steel grade beam, beam-column, collar tie beam, steel floor beam, roof beam, wallboard suspension member, each lightweight steel component can be spelled quickly and easily and is connected together, form overall frame system, installation effectiveness improves greatly, installed by the lightweight steel component of standardization, modularization, also greatly saved construction material, construction cost significantly reduces.In addition, the embodiment of the present invention is by slot 123, the 3rd hole 143 of steel floor beam 14, second hole 132 etc. of collar tie beam 13 of beam-column, it is assembled that it both can be used between each component, assembled as collar tie beam and beam-column, can water heating, conduit pass again, spool is easy for installation, more be conducive to when Cast-in-situs type body of wall, flooring construction, the concrete flowing of light-weight water-proof is through, concrete is filled in each steel beam column inner, be frozen into the monolithic architecture thing of an assured uniform stable strong.
When carrying out light-weight structure residence construction, first by each lightweight steel component is combined, build and form lightweight steel construction frame system, in each lightweight steel component, outside can just be installed by inside and outside sheet material afterwards, and in the internal cavity that inside and outside sheet material surrounds cast-in-place light waterproof composite concrete, whole construction wall, floor integrated are built, and form the building integral of stable strong.In cast-in-place process, the effect of template born by inside and outside sheet material; And after integral cast-in-situ completes, inside and outside sheet material directly as surface course, without the need to removing.Implement the embodiment of the present invention, installation effectiveness is high, construction timber is few, construction cost is low, is a kind of novel energy-conserving nodal wood type light-weight structure residence frame system be worthy to be popularized.
Above disclosedly be only preferred embodiment of the present invention, certainly can not limit the interest field of the present invention with this, therefore according to the equivalent variations that the present patent application the scope of the claims is done, still belong to the scope that the present invention is contained.

Claims (13)

1. a light-weight structure residence frame system, the lightweight steel construction framework formed by lightweight steel component and the sheet material be located at outside in lightweight steel component form, and it is characterized in that:
Described lightweight steel construction framework comprises steel grade beam, vertically be located at the beam-column of described steel grade beam, the collar tie beam of the horizontally set be fixedly connected with described beam-column, be positioned over the steel floor beam be fixedly connected with above described collar tie beam and with described beam-column, be located at roof and the roof beam be fixedly connected with described beam-column;
The respective connecting portion of described steel grade beam, beam-column, collar tie beam, steel floor beam is one time punching molded by certain modulus spacing.
2. light-weight structure residence frame system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that:
Described steel grade beam comprises stomach wall and sidewall, and described stomach wall inwall is provided with the location deck for connecting beam-column, and described location deck is made up of the projection that two pieces be arranged in parallel, leaves the gap for blocking described beam-column between two pieces of described projections;
Described beam-column cross section is C type, comprises stomach wall and sidewall, and offer the slot that can stretch into for described collar tie beam in the middle part of the stomach wall of described beam-column, described slot is respectively equipped with fixture block along the inner edge, both sides of described stomach wall length direction;
Described collar tie beam is square body, is provided with the first symmetrical hole slot in the middle part of the upper and lower bottom surface of collar tie beam, and described first hole slot is prolate shape hole, and arrange along upper and lower bottom width direction, described fixture block and described first hole slot are connected together;
Described steel floor beam comprises stomach wall and sidewall; Described steel floor beam is edge-on to be put on described collar tie beam, and is fixedly connected with the stomach wall of described beam-column by its stomach wall position;
The slot of described location deck, beam-column stomach wall, the first hole slot of collar tie beam are one time punching molded by certain modulus spacing.
3. light-weight structure residence frame system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that:
Stomach wall and/or the sidewall of described steel grade beam, beam-column, collar tie beam, steel floor beam are provided with the segmentation reference line being used to indicate described modulus spacing.
4. light-weight structure residence frame system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that:
The both sides sidewall of described steel grade beam is also provided with some the first installing holes passed for bolt, described beam-column sidewall is provided with some the 3rd installing holes passed for bolt, and at least part of described first installing hole is corresponding after described steel grade beam is connected with described beam-column with at least part of described 3rd installing hole;
Described beam-column stomach wall is also provided with some the second installing holes passed for bolt, described steel floor soffit of girder wall is provided with some the 3rd installing holes passed for bolt, and at least part of described second installing hole is corresponding after described beam-column is connected with described steel floor beam with at least part of described 3rd installing hole.
5. light-weight structure residence frame system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that:
Some first holes are also provided with in the middle part of the stomach wall of described steel grade beam.
6. light-weight structure residence frame system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that:
The inside bending of exterior rim of the sidewall of described beam-column; The stomach wall width both sides of described beam-column are respectively equipped with the second hole slot that can be used for the symmetry of installing wallboard suspension member.
7. light-weight structure residence frame system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that:
The upper bottom surface of described collar tie beam also offers the second hole being positioned at middle part.
8. light-weight structure residence frame system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that:
Some 3rd holes are also provided with in the middle part of the stomach wall of described steel floor beam.
9. light-weight structure residence frame system as claimed in claim 8, is characterized in that:
The stomach wall both sides of described steel floor beam are also arranged with hole clipping, and described hole clipping is in the both sides in region between the 3rd hole described in adjacent two.
10. light-weight structure residence frame system as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that:
Described beam-column and described steel floor soffit of girder wall are respectively equipped with the reinforcing rib region can strengthening respective horizontal and vertical intensity.
11. light-weight structure residence frame systems as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that:
Described beam-column is provided with wallboard suspension member, and described wallboard suspension member comprises supporting plate for overlapping wallboard and the installing plate for being connected beam-column; Described supporting plate is provided with overhead gage and lower baffle plate towards one end of wallboard; Described supporting plate is provided with a gap away from one end of wallboard towards the side of beam-column, described installing plate is vertically connected at the gap edge of described supporting plate, and described installing plate is provided with towards the one side of beam-column the hanger that at least one can buckle into the second hole slot on described beam-column.
12. light-weight structure residence frame systems as claimed in claim 11, is characterized in that:
Described installing plate is also provided with some for bolted installing hole, and the opposite side of the relatively described gap of described supporting plate is triangular panels, and described supporting plate surface is provided with reinforcing rib region.
13. light-weight structure residence frame systems as described in any one of claim 2 to 12, is characterized in that:
Described roof beam adopts described steel floor beam or described beam-column.
CN201410327125.5A 2014-07-10 2014-07-10 Lightweight steel structure building frame system Active CN105297886B (en)

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CN201410327125.5A CN105297886B (en) 2014-07-10 2014-07-10 Lightweight steel structure building frame system
BR112017000282A BR112017000282A2 (en) 2014-07-10 2015-07-09 light steel frame residential frame system
AU2015286054A AU2015286054A1 (en) 2014-07-10 2015-07-09 Lightweight steel structure residential framework system
PCT/CN2015/083691 WO2016004887A1 (en) 2014-07-10 2015-07-09 Lightweight steel structure residential framework system

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