CN105240898A - Phase-change heat storage heater - Google Patents

Phase-change heat storage heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105240898A
CN105240898A CN201510777598.XA CN201510777598A CN105240898A CN 105240898 A CN105240898 A CN 105240898A CN 201510777598 A CN201510777598 A CN 201510777598A CN 105240898 A CN105240898 A CN 105240898A
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China
Prior art keywords
heat
phase
warmer
heater
curved
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Pending
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CN201510777598.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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杨斯涵
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杨斯涵
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Priority to CN201510777598.XA priority Critical patent/CN105240898A/en
Publication of CN105240898A publication Critical patent/CN105240898A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a phase-change heat storage heater. The phase-change heat storage heater comprises a heater shell and a phase-change heat storage box arranged inside the heater shell. A phase-change heat storage module, heat exchange medium, a curved heat exchange pipe, a temperature sensor and a heater body are arranged in the phase-change heat storage box, and the phase-change heat storage module is filled with phase-change materials. An air inlet of the curved heat exchange pipe is connected with an air inlet valve of the heater shell, and an air outlet of the curved heat exchange pipe is connected with an air outlet valve of the heater shell; an air inlet fan is installed on the outer side of the air inlet valve, and an exhaust fan is installed on the outer side of the air outlet valve; the heater body is further connected with a controller; the controller is connected with a timer, and the controller controls the heater body to be opened or closed according to the time set by the timer. The phase-change heat storage heater can carry out heating and heat storage through the electricity in the low ebb period of a power grid, and the stored heat is emitted by the curved heat exchange pipe when heating is needed in the peak period of the power grid and then transferred indoors through the air inlet fan and the exhaust fan to keep the indoor temperature.

Description

A kind of warmer of phase-transition heat-storage
Technical field
The present invention relates to warmer technical field, particularly relate to a kind of warmer of phase-transition heat-storage.
Background technology
Along with the development of market economy, the material and cultural life of people obtains significant raising, household heating and refrigeration plant, no matter is obtained in city or rural area and applies widely, current natural resources and energy resources problem, problem of environmental pollution is day by day serious, comfortable in guarantee, while health requirements, how effectively and reasonably Distribution utilization resource, extensively carry out energy-saving and emission-reduction activity, the consumption reducing conventional energy resource becomes the important topic of human social economy's sustainable development, in the winter of hot-summer and cold-winter area, the heating heating system that people use, mainly electric heating, comprise air-conditioning, hot water radiation, electric heating oil is ordered, electrothermal quartz tube warmer, carbon fiber super bath, electric-heating ceramic heating heater, but these heating equipments are all adopt electricity heating, and power consumption is large, cost heating is not ideal enough, all there is the excessive problem of the peak-valley difference of power supply network in development of world economy country in recent years, seriously hinder the reasonable employment of electric power resource, have impact on the effective development of electric heating equipment especially, in addition existing air conditioning and heating power consumption is large, manufacturing cost is high, in installation and practical process, also there are some problems, such as outer machine in use can shift amount of heat to environment, do not meet the requirement of energy-saving and emission-reduction, during existing household heating equipment use, power consumption is large in sum, part electrical equipment heating installation is when overall grid load reaches peak value, heating time and electrical heating time are simultaneously, the problem that power network load peak-valley difference is excessive can be aggravated like this, also have some heating products not meet the requirement of safety and Health low-carbon (LC).
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: in order to overcome deficiency of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of electricity of electrical network low ebb phase that utilizes and carries out heating and the warmer of accumulation of heat, possesses heat storage performance good and heat rapid.
Technical scheme: for achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of warmer of phase-transition heat-storage, it is characterized in that: comprise warmer shell and be arranged on the phase change heat storage tank in warmer shell, phase transformation heat-storage module is provided with in described phase change heat storage tank, heat transferring medium, curved heat exchanger tube, temperature sensor and heater, at described phase transformation heat-storage module built with phase-change material, described temperature sensor is for measuring the temperature of described heat transferring medium, described temperature sensor and one controls according to the temperature of described temperature sensor measurement the temperature detect switch (TDS) that described heater opens cut out, described heater is for heating described heat transferring medium, described heat transferring medium heats phase-change material in described phase transformation heat-storage module for accumulation of heat, described curved heat exchanger tube is positioned at described heat transferring medium, described curved heat exchanger tube is provided with air inlet and gas outlet, heat exchange fin is provided with at the outer tube surface of described curved heat exchanger tube, described warmer shell is provided with inlet valve and air outlet valve, the described air inlet of curved heat exchanger tube is connected with the inlet valve of warmer shell, and the described gas outlet of curved heat exchanger tube is connected with the air outlet valve of warmer shell, in the outside of described inlet valve, supply fan is installed, in the outside of described air outlet valve, exhaust fan is installed, described heater is also connected with a controller, described controller is connected with a timer, described in the time controling that described controller sets according to described timer, heater opens or closes, be provided with linkage controller in the outside of described warmer shell, described linkage controller controls the duty of described inlet valve, air outlet valve, supply fan and exhaust fan.
In described heat transferring medium, be provided with Multi-layer article storing support, every layer of described Multi-layer article storing support is provided with described accumulation of heat module.
Described heater is ceramic heating bar.
Air-flow buffer device is also provided with in the stage casing of described curved heat exchanger tube, described buffer comprises buffer housing, heat transfer fins and air-flow buffer post, described bumper post is sealed type hollow cylinder structure, described bumper post is arranged in buffer housing, and be laterally parallel to described buffer housing, gas channel is formed between described bumper post and buffer housing, described buffer housing is provided with in order some in the wing tank that is interlinked to the outside, described heat transfer fins ecto-entad is connected with described bumper post through the wing tank on buffer housing, the air inlet port of described buffer leads to inlet valve, the air outlet of described buffer leads to air outlet valve.System adopts buffer, relatively can extend the heat-exchange time of gas in pipe passing into curved heat exchanger tube, thus realize abundant heat exchange object.
The bottom of described warmer shell is provided with roller.
The lower end of described warmer shell is provided with metal framework, and described roller is arranged on described metal framework.
Phase transformation heat-storage module and Multi-layer article storing support soak be placed in heat transferring medium completely, make there is larger contact area between it and heat transferring medium, thus reach abundant heat absorption, accumulation of heat object.
Curved heat exchanger tube soaks be placed in heat transferring medium completely, makes there is larger contact area between it and heat transferring medium, reaches the object of abundant heat exchange.Described warmer adopts curved heat exchanger tube, and the knee of its curved heat exchanger tube can allow air-flow temporarily slowly move in curved heat exchanger tube, the air forming curves entered in pipe is flowed to, relatively extends flow process, reach the effect of abundant heat exchange.
The present invention in normal conditions, the heating process of warmer is from extraneous (indoor) extracting air by supply fan, enter curved heat exchanger tube again, the heat transferring medium passed in the gas of curved heat exchanger tube and phase change heat storage tank carries out heat exchange, gas through heat exchange is transported to the external world (indoor) through exhaust fan again, realizes heating.
Also be provided with air-flow buffer device in the stage casing of curved heat exchanger tube, air-flow buffer device is multiple wing type buffer, and multiple wing type air-flow buffer device can not only realize air-flow and slowly run in the duct, and the more important thing is that heat transfer is fast, heat exchange effect is good.Bumper post is sealed type hollow cylindrical structure.Adopt buffer in curved heat exchanger tube, relatively can extend the heat-exchange time of gas in pipe passing into curved heat exchanger tube, thus realize abundant heat exchange object.
At the air inlet end mouth of supply fan, screen pack is installed, prevents object to be inhaled into, guarantee the security of system works; In the air outlet of exhaust fan, wind deflector is installed, the heating direction heating air during use, can be adjusted.
The bottom of warmer shell is provided with metal framework, is connected with roller, warmer can move accumulation of heat and mobile heating in normal conditions.
Beneficial effect:
1, the present invention is organically combined by supply fan, exhaust fan, curved heat exchanger tube, thus complete airflow circulating, the outer tube wall of curved heat exchanger tube is equipped with heat exchange fin, curved heat exchanger tube soaks be placed in heat transferring medium completely, it and heat transferring medium is made to have larger contact area, thus the effect of the system of guarantee heat exchange heating; Utilize night dip valency electricity to carry out accumulation of energy, alleviate electric load peak-valley difference, improve the economy of system.
2, warmer of the present invention is the good assistant of household heating, is also applicable to the guest room in hotel simultaneously, according to heating requirement, can use flexibly, not by the restriction in specific geographical position, can promote arbitrarily; Because warmer of the present invention is the heating system integrating phase change heat storage tank, supply fan, exhaust fan, ceramic electric heating rod, whole heating system does not establish open piping, improves heat utilization efficiency; Compared with existing heating equipment, conventional heating equipment ubiquity heats up slowly, and radiation space is little, the shortcomings such as usage range and adjustability difference, and part electric heating equipment even also has some potential safety hazard; The structure of the present invention's design can make user obtain to wish the environment temperature that obtains fast, and in use intelligent controlling device completely eliminates potential safety hazard.
3, the present invention is based on the warmer of the general principle design of phase-transition heat-storage and thermal conduction study, system employing ceramic heating bar heats the heat transferring medium in phase change heat storage tank in good time, and provide phase transformation heat-storage module accumulation of heat by the radiant heat flux of heat transferring medium, system is also provided with intelligent controlling device, utilize time-of-use tariffs, first give heat transferring medium heating in phase change heat storage tank, make phase transformation heat-storage module accumulation of heat, accumulation of heat module is heated to best accumulation of heat value, then again stored heat is passed through supply fan in electrical network peak period, curved heat exchanger tube and exhaust fan are released and are transported to the external world (indoor), thus realize heating.So not only can regulate the peak-valley difference of network load, peak valley phase electricity price can also be adopted to calculate, can operating cost be saved, economic environmental protection.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the internal structure schematic diagram of phase change heat storage tank in present system
Fig. 2 is the connection layout of curved heat exchanger tube and supply fan and exhaust fan in present system
Fig. 3 is the appearance front view of warmer of the present invention
Fig. 4 is the structure chart of air-flow buffer device of the present invention
Number in the figure: 1, warmer shell, 2, phase change heat storage tank, 3, phase transformation heat-storage module, 4, heat transferring medium, 5, Multi-layer article storing support, 6, phase-change material, 7, ceramic heating bar, 8, curved heat exchanger tube, 9, inlet valve, 10, air outlet valve, 11, supply fan, 12, exhaust fan, 13, temperature sensor, 14, temperature detect switch (TDS), 15, air-flow buffer device, 16, timer, 17, insulation material, 18, heat exchange fin, 19, linkage controller, 20, air-flow buffer device shell, 21, heat transfer fins, 22, air-flow buffer post.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is further described:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, the warmer of a kind of packaged type phase-transition heat-storage of the present invention, comprises warmer shell 1, phase change heat storage tank 2, phase transformation heat-storage module 3, phase-change material 6, heat transferring medium 4, Multi-layer article storing support 5, ceramic heating bar 7, curved heat exchanger tube 8, inlet valve 9, air outlet valve 10, supply fan 11, exhaust fan 12, temperature sensor 13, temperature detect switch (TDS) 14, linkage controller 19 and timer 16.
It is inner that phase change heat storage tank 2 is arranged on warmer shell 1.In phase change heat storage tank 2, be provided with Multi-layer article storing support 5, on Multi-layer article storing support, multiple accumulation of heat module 3 is placed in apportion layering; Phase-change material 6 is filled with in phase transformation heat-storage module 3, and sealing No leakage.In heat transferring medium 4, be also provided with curved heat exchanger tube 8, the outer tube surface of curved heat exchanger tube 8 is provided with heat exchange fin 18.Full heat transferring medium 4 is filled in the remaining space of phase change heat storage tank 2 inside.Curved heat exchanger tube 8 soaks be placed in heat transferring medium 4 completely, makes there is larger contact area between it and heat transferring medium 4, reaches the object of abundant heat exchange.
Curved heat exchanger tube 8 is provided with air inlet port and air outlet; Be provided with inlet valve 9 in the side of warmer shell 1, be provided with air outlet valve 10 at the opposite side of warmer shell.The air inlet port of curved heat exchanger tube 8 is connected with inlet valve 9; The air outlet of curved heat exchanger tube 8 is connected with air outlet valve 10; At phase change heat storage tank 2 internal fixtion, ceramic heating bar 7 is installed.Temperature sensor 13 is also provided with in phase change heat storage tank, temperature sensor 13 is connected with temperature detect switch (TDS) 14, temperature sensor 13 for measuring the temperature of heat transferring medium 4 in phase change heat storage tank, temperature detect switch (TDS) 14 C.T sensor obtain temperature and setting temperature value thus open or close ceramic heating bar 7.
Ceramic heating bar 7 heats the heat transferring medium 4 in phase change heat storage tank 2, and heat transferring medium 4 heats the phase-change material 6 in phase transformation heat-storage module 3, realizes accumulation of heat by the phase transformation of phase-change material 6.Phase transformation heat-storage module 3 and Multi-layer article storing support 5 soak be placed in heat transferring medium 4 completely, make there is larger contact area between it and heat transferring medium, thus reach abundant heat absorption, accumulation of heat object.
As shown in Figure 3, in described warmer shell 1 outside, linkage controller 19 is installed; Described linkage controller is combined type integrated switch; Described linkage controller 19 can control the duty of inlet valve 9, air outlet valve 10, supply fan 11, exhaust fan 12; The open and close of described inlet valve, air outlet valve, supply fan, exhaust fan belong to chain interaction; The signal output part of described combination linkage controller 19 is connected with the signal input part of inlet valve 9, air outlet valve 10, supply fan 11, exhaust fan 12 respectively.
Phase change heat storage tank 2 and warmer shell 1 all adopt stainless steel to make, and fill full insulation material 17 between phase change heat storage tank 2 and warmer shell 1.Multi-layer article storing support 5 also adopts stainless steel to make.Curved heat exchanger tube 8 adopts high-efficiency heat conduction, heat-transfer metal manufacture forms, the knee of curved heat exchanger tube 8 can allow air-flow temporarily slowly move in curved heat exchanger tube 8, the air forming curves entered in pipe is flowed to, relatively extends flow process, reach the effect of abundant heat exchange.
Be provided with timer 16 and controller in the outside of warmer shell, timer 16 adopts Electronic Control program, and controller carries out time setting according to system requirements to timer 16, for time opening or close described ceramic heating bar 7.
The present invention in normal conditions, system heating process is from extraneous (indoor) extracting air by supply fan 9, enter curved heat exchanger tube 8 again, the heat transferring medium 4 passed in the gas of curved heat exchanger tube 8 and phase change heat storage tank carries out heat exchange, gas through heat exchange is transported to the external world (indoor) through exhaust fan 12 again, realizes heating.
At the air inlet end mouth of supply fan 11, screen pack is installed, prevents object to be inhaled into, guarantee the security of system works.In the air outlet of exhaust fan 12, wind deflector is installed, the heating direction heating air during use, can be adjusted.
As shown in Figure 4, be also provided with air-flow buffer device 15 in the stage casing of curved heat exchanger tube 8, air-flow buffer device 15 is cylinder multiple wing type buffer.Buffer comprises buffer housing 20, heat transfer fins 21 and air-flow buffer post 22, bumper post is sealed type hollow cylindrical structure, bumper post 22 is arranged in buffer housing 20, and be laterally parallel to housing, gas channel is formed, gas channel and as the space of abundant heat exchange between bumper post 22 and housing 20.The housing 20 of buffer is provided with in order some in the wing tank that is interlinked to the outside, heat transfer fins 21 ecto-entad is connected with bumper post 22 through the wing tank on buffer housing 20; Need between heat transfer fins with wing tank to weld No leakage.Buffer housing, bumper post and heat transfer fins all adopt thermal conductive metal plate to make; The air inlet port of buffer leads to inlet valve 9, and the air outlet of buffer leads to air outlet valve 10.System adopts buffer, relatively can extend the heat-exchange time of gas in pipe passing into curved heat exchanger tube, thus realize abundant heat exchange object.Multiple wing type air-flow buffer device can not only realize air-flow and slowly run in the duct, and the more important thing is that heat transfer is fast, heat exchange effect is good.
As shown in Figure 3, the bottom of warmer shell 1 is provided with metal framework, is connected with roller, warmer can move accumulation of heat and mobile heating in normal conditions.
Warmer of the present invention is based on the warmer of the general principle design of phase-transition heat-storage and thermal conduction study, and system adopts the heat transferring medium 4 of ceramic heating bar 7 in good time in heating phase change heat storage tank 2, and provides phase transformation heat-storage module 3 accumulation of heat by the radiant heat flux of heat transferring medium 4.Warmer of the present invention is also provided with intelligent controlling device, utilize time-of-use tariffs, heat first to heat transferring medium 4 in phase change heat storage tank 2, make phase transformation heat-storage module 3 accumulation of heat, accumulation of heat module 3 is heated to best accumulation of heat value, then in electrical network peak period again stored heat by supply fan 11, curved heat exchanger tube 8 and exhaust fan 12 are released and are transported to the external world (indoor), thus realize heating.So not only can regulate the peak-valley difference of network load, peak valley phase electricity price can also be adopted to calculate, can operating cost be saved, economic environmental protection.

Claims (7)

1. the warmer of a phase-transition heat-storage, it is characterized in that: comprise warmer shell and be arranged on the phase change heat storage tank in warmer shell, phase transformation heat-storage module is provided with in described phase change heat storage tank, heat transferring medium, curved heat exchanger tube, temperature sensor and heater, at described phase transformation heat-storage module built with phase-change material, described temperature sensor is for measuring the temperature of described heat transferring medium, described temperature sensor and one controls according to the temperature of described temperature sensor measurement the temperature detect switch (TDS) that described heater opens cut out, described heater is for heating described heat transferring medium, described heat transferring medium heats phase-change material in described phase transformation heat-storage module for accumulation of heat, described curved heat exchanger tube is positioned at described heat transferring medium, described curved heat exchanger tube is provided with air inlet and gas outlet, heat exchange fin is provided with at the outer tube surface of described curved heat exchanger tube, described warmer shell is provided with inlet valve and air outlet valve, the described air inlet of curved heat exchanger tube is connected with the inlet valve of warmer shell, and the described gas outlet of curved heat exchanger tube is connected with the air outlet valve of warmer shell, in the outside of described inlet valve, supply fan is installed, in the outside of described air outlet valve, exhaust fan is installed, described heater is also connected with a controller, described controller is connected with a timer, described in the time controling that described controller sets according to described timer, heater opens or closes, be provided with linkage controller in the outside of described warmer shell, described linkage controller controls the duty of described inlet valve, air outlet valve, supply fan and exhaust fan.
2. warmer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described heat transferring medium, be provided with Multi-layer article storing support, and every layer of described Multi-layer article storing support is provided with described accumulation of heat module.
3. warmer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described heater is ceramic heating bar.
4. warmer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be also provided with air-flow buffer device in the stage casing of described curved heat exchanger tube, described buffer comprises buffer housing, heat transfer fins and air-flow buffer post, described bumper post is sealed type hollow cylinder structure, described bumper post is arranged in buffer housing, and be laterally parallel to described buffer housing, gas channel is formed between described bumper post and buffer housing, described buffer housing is provided with in order some in the wing tank that is interlinked to the outside, described heat transfer fins ecto-entad is connected with described bumper post through the wing tank on buffer housing, the air inlet port of described buffer leads to inlet valve, the air outlet of described buffer leads to air outlet valve.
5. warmer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the bottom of described warmer shell is provided with roller.
6. warmer according to claim 5, is characterized in that: the lower end of described warmer shell is provided with metal framework, and described roller is arranged on described metal framework.
7. warmer according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with screen pack at the air inlet end mouth of described supply fan; Be provided with for adjusting the heating direction wind deflector heating air in the air outlet of described exhaust fan.
CN201510777598.XA 2015-11-16 2015-11-16 Phase-change heat storage heater Pending CN105240898A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106247428A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-21 贺迈新能源科技(上海)有限公司 Air cleaning phase-change heat-storage electric heater
CN106287912A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-01-04 全球能源互联网研究院 A kind of separate type hold over system
CN109855163A (en) * 2019-03-04 2019-06-07 孙铮 Passively with active convolution building energy conservation sub-controlling unit
CN111947492A (en) * 2020-07-01 2020-11-17 青岛海尔新能源电器有限公司 Phase change heat exchanger

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1067727A (en) * 1991-06-13 1993-01-06 金汉中 Adopt the heat accumulating type heating and the cooling device of heat transfer medium
CN2493875Y (en) * 2001-08-24 2002-05-29 清华大学 Intermediate temp. phase changing energy storage heater
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CN203421842U (en) * 2013-07-11 2014-02-05 北川福德新能源股份有限公司 Phase change heat storage type solar air collector
CN203501505U (en) * 2013-09-30 2014-03-26 东南大学 Novel water tank device of solar water heater
CN104390352A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-04 东南大学 Waste heat energy and heat exchange system based on phase change heat storage box
CN204240618U (en) * 2014-06-12 2015-04-01 宋行 Movable multifunctional solar heat-preservation casing
CN205191703U (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-04-27 杨斯涵 Phase -change thermal's room heater

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1067727A (en) * 1991-06-13 1993-01-06 金汉中 Adopt the heat accumulating type heating and the cooling device of heat transfer medium
CN2493875Y (en) * 2001-08-24 2002-05-29 清华大学 Intermediate temp. phase changing energy storage heater
CN202057227U (en) * 2011-05-17 2011-11-30 天津市霍珀福尔发展有限公司 Heat exchange finned pipe with temperature compensating groove
CN203421842U (en) * 2013-07-11 2014-02-05 北川福德新能源股份有限公司 Phase change heat storage type solar air collector
CN203501505U (en) * 2013-09-30 2014-03-26 东南大学 Novel water tank device of solar water heater
CN204240618U (en) * 2014-06-12 2015-04-01 宋行 Movable multifunctional solar heat-preservation casing
CN104390352A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-04 东南大学 Waste heat energy and heat exchange system based on phase change heat storage box
CN205191703U (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-04-27 杨斯涵 Phase -change thermal's room heater

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106247428A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-12-21 贺迈新能源科技(上海)有限公司 Air cleaning phase-change heat-storage electric heater
CN106287912A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-01-04 全球能源互联网研究院 A kind of separate type hold over system
CN109855163A (en) * 2019-03-04 2019-06-07 孙铮 Passively with active convolution building energy conservation sub-controlling unit
CN111947492A (en) * 2020-07-01 2020-11-17 青岛海尔新能源电器有限公司 Phase change heat exchanger

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Application publication date: 20160113