CN105240501A - Speed reduction driving device with oil injection and lubrication structure - Google Patents

Speed reduction driving device with oil injection and lubrication structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105240501A
CN105240501A CN201510822207.1A CN201510822207A CN105240501A CN 105240501 A CN105240501 A CN 105240501A CN 201510822207 A CN201510822207 A CN 201510822207A CN 105240501 A CN105240501 A CN 105240501A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
oil
speed reduction
driving
annulus
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510822207.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴思伟
刘永平
贺良中
官志远
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Qijiang Benli Gear Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Qijiang Benli Gear Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Qijiang Benli Gear Co Ltd filed Critical Qijiang Benli Gear Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510822207.1A priority Critical patent/CN105240501A/en
Publication of CN105240501A publication Critical patent/CN105240501A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H57/00General details of gearing
    • F16H57/02Gearboxes; Mounting gearing therein
    • F16H57/023Mounting or installation of gears or shafts in the gearboxes, e.g. methods or means for assembly
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H57/00General details of gearing
    • F16H57/04Features relating to lubrication or cooling or heating
    • F16H57/0409Features relating to lubrication or cooling or heating characterised by the problem to increase efficiency, e.g. by reducing splash losses
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H57/00General details of gearing
    • F16H57/04Features relating to lubrication or cooling or heating
    • F16H57/045Lubricant storage reservoirs, e.g. reservoirs in addition to a gear sump for collecting lubricant in the upper part of a gear case
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H57/00General details of gearing
    • F16H57/04Features relating to lubrication or cooling or heating
    • F16H57/0456Lubrication by injection; Injection nozzles or tubes therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H57/00General details of gearing
    • F16H57/04Features relating to lubrication or cooling or heating
    • F16H57/0467Elements of gearings to be lubricated, cooled or heated
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2700/00Transmission housings and mounting of transmission components therein; Cooling; Lubrication; Flexible suspensions, e.g. floating frames

Abstract

The invention discloses a speed reduction driving device with an oil injection and lubrication structure. The speed reduction driving device comprises a speed reducer casing and a cylindrical gear driving mechanism, wherein the cylindrical gear driving mechanism comprises an input shaft, an intermediate shaft, an output shaft, a first gear, a second gear, a third gear, a fourth gear and a fifth gear, oil collecting devices are arranged on end surfaces of the first gear, the third gear and the fifth gear, and each oil collecting device comprises a circular tube body, partitions, oil inlet holes and oil outlet holes. According to the speed reduction driving device, speed reduction is realized by the cylindrical gear driving mechanism, the driving efficiency of the cylindrical gear driving mechanism is higher than that of a worm and gear driving mechanism, further, multi-stage gears are adopted for speed reduction, and the reduction ratio is large; moreover, one section, located at the lower part of the corresponding gear, of the circular tube body of each oil collecting device during working is soaked in lubricating oil, the lubricating oil enters oil storage cavities through the oil inlet holes, the lubricating oil in the oil storage cavities rotates with the corresponding gears, so that part of lubricating oil can be brought to the gear meshing area to lubricate the corresponding gears, the lubricating and cooling effects of the gears can be improved, and the service life of the speed reducer is prolonged.

Description

With the speed reduction gearing of oil spout lubricating structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of speed reducer, particularly a kind of retarder.
Background technique
Retarder generally adopts Lubricant on Gear to carry out lubrication and cooling, lubricant oil in reducer shell too much easily causes oil leakage, the very few lubrication effect that easily causes again is poor, therefore in retarder the point of addition of lubricant oil generally at 1/1 to two/3rd of gear Lower Half, and gears meshing position is the tooth in the middle part of gear, and the lubricant level in reducer shell is lower than engaging tooth, therefore gear lubrication is by getting rid of the lubricant oil fallen down to eminence during pinion rotation in the course of the work, namely existing reducer gear lubrication is the mode adopting splash lubrication, gear lubrication effect is poor.
And existing retarder generally adopts drive structure of gear worm, because the efficiency of Worm Wheel System is lower, make the power consumption penalty of speed reducer larger.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the object of this invention is to provide a kind of speed reduction gearing with oil spout lubricating structure, adopt the mode of splash lubrication to there is gear lubrication and the poor technical problem of cooling effect to solve retarder middle gear in prior art; And in solution prior art, adopt the retarder of Worm Wheel System to there is the low technical problem of transmission efficiency.
The speed reduction gearing of band oil spout lubricating structure of the present invention, comprise speed reducer housing and be arranged on the cylindrical gear drive in speed reducer housing, described cylindrical gear drive comprises the input shaft be arranged on by bearing on speed reducer housing, jack shaft and output shaft, described input shaft is provided with the second gear that the first gear and diameter are less than the first gear, described jack shaft is provided with the 4th gear that the 3rd gear and diameter are less than the 3rd gear, described output shaft is provided with the 5th gear, the spline tooth of described rotor shaft end and the first gears meshing, described second gear and the 3rd gears meshing, described 4th gear and the 5th gears meshing,
The end face of described first gear, the 3rd gear and the 5th gear is provided with oil catcher, described oil catcher comprises the annulus body be fixed on gear face, evenly dividing plate is provided with in described annulus body, independently shoe cream room is formed between adjacent separator, teeth groove one_to_one corresponding on described shoe cream room and gear, the inner ring surface of described annulus body is provided with the oil inlet hole be communicated with shoe cream room, the side that described annulus body coordinates with gear face is provided with oil outlet.
Further, described oil outlet is near the outer ring surface of annulus body.
Further, described oil catcher is connected with gear mass by screw.
Further, the cross section of described annulus body is rectangle.
Further, described second gear and input shaft are structure as a whole, and described 4th gear and jack shaft are structure as a whole.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, the speed reduction gearing of band oil spout lubricating structure of the present invention, it realizes slowing down by cylindrical gear drive, higher relative to its transmission efficiency of Worm and worm-wheel gearing, and it adopts multiple stage gear reduction, and reduction speed ratio is large.
2, the speed reduction gearing of band oil spout lubricating structure of the present invention, it by arranging oil catcher on gear face, during work, in oil catcher, annulus body is immersed in lubricant oil a section of gear bottom, lubricant oil enters shoe cream room through oil inlet hole, pinion rotation followed by lubricant oil in shoe cream room, make parts of lubricating oil can be taken to meshing zone of gears to lubricate gear, thus the lubrication and cooling effect of gear can be improved, the working life of prolonged deceleration device.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the speed reduction gearing of the present embodiment band oil spout lubricating structure;
Fig. 2 is the transmission cooperating structure schematic diagram of cylindrical gear drive;
Fig. 3 is that gear and oil catcher assemble front perspective view;
Fig. 4 is the back side perspective view that gear and oil catcher are assembled;
Fig. 5 is that after gear and cutting, oil catcher assembles perspective view.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
As shown in the figure, the speed reduction gearing of the present embodiment band oil spout lubricating structure, the cylindrical gear drive comprising speed reducer housing 1 and be arranged in speed reducer housing, described cylindrical gear drive comprises the input shaft 2 be arranged on by bearing on speed reducer housing, jack shaft 3 and output shaft 4, described input shaft is provided with the second gear 6 that the first gear 5 and diameter are less than the first gear, described jack shaft is provided with the 4th gear 8 that the 3rd gear 7 and diameter are less than the 3rd gear, described output shaft is provided with the 5th gear 9, the spline tooth of described rotor shaft end and the first gears meshing, described second gear and the 3rd gears meshing, described 4th gear and the 5th gears meshing,
The end face of described first gear, the 3rd gear and the 5th gear is provided with oil catcher, described oil catcher comprises the annulus body 10 be fixed on gear face, dividing plate 11 is evenly provided with in described annulus body, independently shoe cream room is formed between adjacent separator, teeth groove one_to_one corresponding on described shoe cream room and gear, the inner ring surface of described annulus body is provided with the oil inlet hole 12 be communicated with shoe cream room, the side that described annulus body coordinates with gear face is provided with oil outlet 13.
The speed reduction gearing of the present embodiment band oil spout lubricating structure, it realizes slowing down by cylindrical gear drive, higher relative to its transmission efficiency of Worm and worm-wheel gearing; And it adopts multiple stage gear reduction, reduction speed ratio is large.
And the speed reduction gearing of the present embodiment band oil spout lubricating structure, it by arranging oil catcher on gear face, during work, in oil catcher, annulus body is immersed in lubricant oil a section of gear bottom, lubricant oil enters shoe cream room through oil inlet hole, pinion rotation followed by lubricant oil in shoe cream room, make parts of lubricating oil can be taken to meshing zone of gears to lubricate gear, thus the lubrication and cooling effect of gear can be improved, the working life of prolonged deceleration device.
As the improvement to the present embodiment, described oil outlet 13 is near the outer ring surface of annulus body, oil outlet is arranged on the outer ring surface near annulus body, the lubricant oil remained in shoe cream room at meshing zone of gears can be made can to flow out from oil outlet gear is lubricated, gear lubrication better effects if.
As the improvement to the present embodiment, described oil catcher is connected with gear mass by screw 14, oil catcher easy accessibility, is convenient to assembling and produces.
As the improvement to the present embodiment, the cross section of described annulus body is rectangle, and ring tube physical efficiency and gear mass end face are better fitted, and installation reliability is better.
As the improvement to the present embodiment, described second gear and input shaft are structure as a whole, and described 4th gear and jack shaft are structure as a whole, and this improvement makes the manufacture of retarder and assembling simpler, and the load performance of retarder is better.
What finally illustrate is, above embodiment is only in order to illustrate technological scheme of the present invention and unrestricted, although with reference to preferred embodiment to invention has been detailed description, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can modify to technological scheme of the present invention or equivalent replacement, and not departing from aim and the scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of right of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. the speed reduction gearing with oil spout lubricating structure, comprise speed reducer housing and be arranged on the cylindrical gear drive in speed reducer housing, it is characterized in that: described cylindrical gear drive comprises the input shaft be arranged on by bearing on speed reducer housing, jack shaft and output shaft, described input shaft is provided with the second gear that the first gear and diameter are less than the first gear, described jack shaft is provided with the 4th gear that the 3rd gear and diameter are less than the 3rd gear, described output shaft is provided with the 5th gear, the spline tooth of described rotor shaft end and the first gears meshing, described second gear and the 3rd gears meshing, described 4th gear and the 5th gears meshing,
The end face of described first gear, the 3rd gear and the 5th gear is provided with oil catcher, described oil catcher comprises the annulus body be fixed on gear face, evenly dividing plate is provided with in described annulus body, independently shoe cream room is formed between adjacent separator, teeth groove one_to_one corresponding on described shoe cream room and gear, the inner ring surface of described annulus body is provided with the oil inlet hole be communicated with shoe cream room, the side that described annulus body coordinates with gear face is provided with oil outlet.
2. the speed reduction gearing of band oil spout lubricating structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described oil outlet is near the outer ring surface of annulus body.
3. the speed reduction gearing of band oil spout lubricating structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described oil catcher is connected with gear mass by screw.
4. the speed reduction gearing of band oil spout lubricating structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the cross section of described annulus body is rectangle.
5. the speed reduction gearing of band oil spout lubricating structure according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described second gear and input shaft are structure as a whole, and described 4th gear and jack shaft are structure as a whole.
CN201510822207.1A 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Speed reduction driving device with oil injection and lubrication structure Pending CN105240501A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510822207.1A CN105240501A (en) 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Speed reduction driving device with oil injection and lubrication structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510822207.1A CN105240501A (en) 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Speed reduction driving device with oil injection and lubrication structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105240501A true CN105240501A (en) 2016-01-13

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201510822207.1A Pending CN105240501A (en) 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Speed reduction driving device with oil injection and lubrication structure

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN105240501A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111895074A (en) * 2020-07-20 2020-11-06 建德席次机械设备有限公司 Circulative cooling reduction gear with overload protection

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09236167A (en) * 1996-02-29 1997-09-09 Suzuki Motor Corp Differential device
CN203880050U (en) * 2014-06-04 2014-10-15 上海欧特传动机电有限公司 Reduction box special for mixing equipment
CN104482175A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-01 江苏胜开尓工业技术有限公司 Speed reducer for stir driving
CN205190698U (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-04-27 綦江奔力齿轮有限公司 Take reduction gear of oil spray lubrication structure

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH09236167A (en) * 1996-02-29 1997-09-09 Suzuki Motor Corp Differential device
CN203880050U (en) * 2014-06-04 2014-10-15 上海欧特传动机电有限公司 Reduction box special for mixing equipment
CN104482175A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-01 江苏胜开尓工业技术有限公司 Speed reducer for stir driving
CN205190698U (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-04-27 綦江奔力齿轮有限公司 Take reduction gear of oil spray lubrication structure

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111895074A (en) * 2020-07-20 2020-11-06 建德席次机械设备有限公司 Circulative cooling reduction gear with overload protection
CN111895074B (en) * 2020-07-20 2021-07-30 山东星奥液压机械有限公司 Circulative cooling reduction gear with overload protection

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Application publication date: 20160113

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