CN105214246A - Passenger vehicle and bus fire extinguishing system - Google Patents

Passenger vehicle and bus fire extinguishing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105214246A
CN105214246A CN201510637332.5A CN201510637332A CN105214246A CN 105214246 A CN105214246 A CN 105214246A CN 201510637332 A CN201510637332 A CN 201510637332A CN 105214246 A CN105214246 A CN 105214246A
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China
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fire
vehicle
extinguishing
detector
bus
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CN201510637332.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105214246B (en
Inventor
蔡金城
卢文供
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福建省三鲸消防器材有限公司
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of can automatic detection, the passenger vehicle of tracking and fire extinguishing and bus fire extinguishing system, comprise control device, store the holding vessel of extinguishing chemical, for conveying extinguishing agent fire-fighting pipeline, several can detect fire source probing device, several injection apparatus for spray fire extinguishing agent of burning things which may cause a fire disaster, described fire-fighting pipeline comprises the first spy fire tube be located on vehicle body, described holding vessel connects first and visits fire tube, and described first visits fire tube connects injection apparatus by magnetic valve; The present invention carries out automatic detection by the detector that not stall is dynamic to burning things which may cause a fire disaster, and multiple fire source probing devices are located at the diverse location of vehicle body, and investigative range can be whole by covering vehicle body completely; Fire source probing device detects and feeds back to control device after navigating to initial burning things which may cause a fire disaster, and control device starts the extinguishant jetting device near burning things which may cause a fire disaster, positions ejecting extinguishing to burning things which may cause a fire disaster.

Description

Passenger vehicle and bus fire extinguishing system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fire extinguishing system, what especially relate to is fire extinguishing system on passenger vehicle or bus.
Background technology
In recent years, there is a lot of bus explosive incident on fire in China, causes a large amount of casualties and property loss in succession.Such as, the Xiamen bus arson case on June 7th, 2013, accident causes dead 34 people of 47 people injured.Though there is self-examination various places and improves after crime, the level of security of public transit system does not have the raising of matter.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned deficiency, provide a kind of can automatic detection, the passenger vehicle of tracking and fire extinguishing and bus fire extinguishing system.
For achieving the above object, technical solution of the present invention is: passenger vehicle and bus fire extinguishing system, comprise control device, store the holding vessel of extinguishing chemical, for conveying extinguishing agent fire-fighting pipeline, several can detect fire source probing device, several injection apparatus for spray fire extinguishing agent of burning things which may cause a fire disaster, described fire-fighting pipeline comprises the first spy fire tube be located on vehicle body, described holding vessel connects first and visits fire tube, and described first visits fire tube connects injection apparatus by magnetic valve; The detector that described fire source probing device comprises detector base and is rotatably connected with detector base, described detector base is provided with the detector motor driving sonde rotary, the equal connection control device of described fire source probing device, magnetic valve and detector motor.
Preferably, described extinguishing chemical is heptafluoro-propane, and described detector is made up of ultraviolet flame detector and image-type fire detector.Integrated ultraviolet flame detector and image-type fire detector two kinds of detectors can detect various burning things which may cause a fire disaster exactly.Heptafluoro-propane is a kind of clean agent fire suppressant, its toxic concentration is 10.5%, and the extinguishing concentration of heptafluoro-propane to general surface of solids fire is 5.8%, the extinguishing concentration of gasoline fire is 6.5%, therefore heptafluoro-propane as gas extinguishing agent at short notice to personnel's fanout free region.
Preferably, described first visits on the fire tube roof inwall of being located at bus body or madial wall, the head of bus body, middle part, afterbody are equipped with fire source probing device, and described fire-fighting pipeline comprises the second spy fire tube be located in enging cabin, and described first visits fire tube and second visits fire tube UNICOM.Real-time detection can be carried out respectively to the head of bus body, middle part, afterbody, being provided with engine etc. in enging cabin is common point of origin, visit fire tube very sensitive to the perception of temperature, will action at the temperature of 160 ± 2 DEG C, there is fusing and explosion under effect at overpressure in the highest position of temperature sensor, automatically form spray-hole.
Preferably, the shower nozzle that described injection apparatus comprises shower nozzle base and is rotatably connected with shower nozzle base, described shower nozzle base is provided with the showerhead electrode driving sprinkler rotation, and described showerhead electrode is connected with control device.Control device can control sprinkler rotation by showerhead electrode and aim at ignition point spray fire extinguishing agent, provides the covering precision of extinguishing chemical.
Preferably, also comprise stand-by power supply, described fire source probing device, injection apparatus, magnetic valve and control module are powered by stand-by power supply or vehicle power, are provided with power transfer device between described stand-by power supply and vehicle power.When passenger vehicle runs, fire extinguishing system is powered by vehicle power; When passenger vehicle is out of service, electrical source exchange is stand-by power supply by power transfer device, and when passenger vehicle is stopped, fire extinguishing system still can normally work.
Preferably, also comprise warning device, the control centre that described warning device comprises the GPS module be located on vehicle body, wireless communication module and is located at outside vehicle body, described GPS module is all connected with control module with wireless communication module, and the fire signal of the position signalling of GPS module and fire source probing device is sent to control centre by wireless communication module after receiving the fire signal that fire source probing device sends by described control module.Controlling alarm center while self-extinguishing, seeks fire-fighting support.
Preferably, container value is provided with between described first spy fire tube and holding vessel.
Preferably, described holding vessel has three, is located at the head of vehicle body, middle part and afterbody respectively.Avoiding fire-fighting pipeline long, causing tail end tube drop too large when multiple injection apparatus works, without there being efficient fire-extinguishing chemical to spray simultaneously.
By adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention carries out automatic detection by the detector that not stall is dynamic to burning things which may cause a fire disaster, and multiple fire source probing devices are located at the diverse location of vehicle body, and investigative range can be whole by covering vehicle body completely; Fire source probing device detects and feeds back to control device after navigating to initial burning things which may cause a fire disaster, and control device starts the extinguishant jetting device near burning things which may cause a fire disaster, positions ejecting extinguishing to burning things which may cause a fire disaster.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the piping diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the circuit connection diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 3 is the embodiment of the present invention 1 fire source probing device position view in passenger vehicle;
Fig. 4 is the embodiment of the present invention 1 injection apparatus position view in passenger vehicle;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 1 fire source probing device;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 1 injection apparatus;
Fig. 7 is the piping diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Main Reference Numerals illustrates:
Holding vessel 1; Container value 11; Fire-fighting pipeline 2; First visits fire tube 21; Second visits fire tube 22; Injection apparatus 3; Magnetic valve 31; Shower nozzle base 32; Shower nozzle 33; Showerhead electrode 34; Control device 4; Fire source probing device 5; Detector base 51; Detector 52; Ultraviolet flame detector 521; Image-type fire detector 522; Detector motor 53; GPS module 61; Wireless communication module 62; Control centre 63; Power transfer device 64; Vehicle power 65; Stand-by power supply 66; Passenger vehicle 7.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in figs 1 to 6, passenger vehicle of the present invention and bus fire extinguishing system, comprise control device 4, store the holding vessel 1 of extinguishing chemical, fire source probing device 5, six injection apparatus 3 for spray fire extinguishing agent of burning things which may cause a fire disaster can be detected for the fire-fighting pipeline 2, three of conveying extinguishing agent, described fire-fighting pipeline comprises the first spy fire tube 21 be located on vehicle body top, described holding vessel 1 connects the first spy fire tube 21, and described first visits fire tube 21 connects injection apparatus 3 by magnetic valve 31; The detector 52 that described fire source probing device 5 comprises detector base 51 and is rotatably connected with detector base 51, described detector base 51 is provided with the detector motor 53 driving detector 52 to rotate, detecting motor 53 is fixed on detector base 51, detector 52 is fixed on the output shaft of detector motor, and described fire source probing device 5, magnetic valve 31 and detector motor 53 be connection control device 4 all;
Described extinguishing chemical is heptafluoro-propane, and described detector 52 is made up of ultraviolet flame detector 521 and image-type fire detector 522; Described first visits the roof inwall that passenger vehicle 7 vehicle body is located at by fire tube 21, the head of passenger vehicle 7 vehicle body, middle part, afterbody are equipped with fire source probing device 5, described fire-fighting pipeline 2 comprises the second spy fire tube 22 be located in enging cabin, and described first visits fire tube 21 and second visits fire tube 22 UNICOM;
The shower nozzle 33 that described injection apparatus 3 comprises shower nozzle base 32 and is rotatably connected with shower nozzle base 32, described shower nozzle base 32 is provided with the showerhead electrode 34 driving shower nozzle 32 to rotate, one end of shower nozzle 33 be provided with gear, showerhead electrode 34 is by the end gear of motor gear engagement shower nozzle 33, and described showerhead electrode 34 is connected with control device 4;
Also comprise stand-by power supply 66, described fire source probing device 5, injection apparatus 3, magnetic valve 31 and control module 4 are powered by stand-by power supply 66 or vehicle power 65, are provided with power transfer device 64 between described stand-by power supply 66 and vehicle power 65; When passenger vehicle runs, fire extinguishing system is powered by vehicle power 65, and vehicle power 65 charges for stand-by power supply 66; When passenger vehicle is out of service, electrical source exchange is stand-by power supply 66 by power transfer device 64, and when passenger vehicle is stopped, fire extinguishing system still can normally work; Also comprise warning device, the control centre 63 that described warning device comprises the GPS module 61 be located on vehicle body, wireless communication module 62 and is located at outside vehicle body, described GPS module 61 is all connected with control module 4 with wireless communication module 62, the fire signal of the position signalling of GPS module 61 and fire source probing device 5 is sent to control centre 63 by wireless communication module 62 after receiving the fire signal that fire source probing device 5 sends by described control module 4, and described first visits between fire tube 21 and holding vessel 1 and be provided with container value 11.
Initial burning things which may cause a fire disaster whether is had in fire source probing device 5 not stall dynamic monitoring vehicle body, after being determined with initial burning things which may cause a fire disaster, fire source probing device 5 sends fire signal to control device 4, control device 4 is positioned by the rotational angle of fire source probing device 5 initial burning things which may cause a fire disaster and controls initial burning things which may cause a fire disaster nearest injection apparatus 3 rotary nozzle 33 aims at initial burning things which may cause a fire disaster, control device 4 Controlling solenoid valve 31 is opened, and nozzle 33 is aimed at initial burning things which may cause a fire disaster and sprayed heptafluoro-propane extinguishing chemical.
When if shower nozzle 33 cannot extinguish the blaze, in car, local temperature raises and makes the first spy fire tube 21 or second visit fire tube 22 automatically to split ejection extinguishing chemical, increase fire-suppressant gas.
Embodiment 2:
As shown in Fig. 2-Fig. 7, passenger vehicle of the present invention and bus fire extinguishing system, comprise control device 4, store the holding vessel 1 of extinguishing chemical, fire source probing device 5, six injection apparatus 3 for spray fire extinguishing agent of burning things which may cause a fire disaster can be detected for the fire-fighting pipeline 2, three of conveying extinguishing agent, described fire-fighting pipeline comprises the first spy fire tube 21 be located on vehicle body top, described holding vessel 1 connects the first spy fire tube 21, and described first visits fire tube 21 connects injection apparatus 3 by magnetic valve 31; The detector 52 that described fire source probing device 5 comprises detector base 51 and is rotatably connected with detector base 51, described detector base 51 is provided with the detector motor 53 driving detector 52 to rotate, detecting motor 53 is fixed on detector base 51, detector 52 is fixed on the output shaft of detector motor, and described fire source probing device 5, magnetic valve 31 and detector motor 53 be connection control device 4 all; Described extinguishing chemical is heptafluoro-propane, and described detector 52 is made up of ultraviolet flame detector 521 and image-type fire detector 522; Described first visits the roof inwall that passenger vehicle 7 vehicle body is located at by fire tube 21, the head of passenger vehicle 7 vehicle body, middle part, afterbody are equipped with fire source probing device 5, described fire-fighting pipeline 2 comprises the second spy fire tube 22 be located in enging cabin, and described first visits fire tube 21 and second visits fire tube 22 UNICOM; Described holding vessel 1 has three, is located at the head of vehicle body, middle part and afterbody respectively, avoids fire-fighting pipeline long, causes the first spy fire tube tail end tube drop too large, without there being efficient fire-extinguishing chemical to spray when multiple injection apparatus 3 works simultaneously.
Above-described, be only preferred embodiment of the present invention, the scope that this practicality is implemented can not be limited, every equalization change of doing according to the present patent application the scope of the claims and decoration, all should still belong in scope that the present invention contains.

Claims (8)

1. passenger vehicle and bus fire extinguishing system, comprise control device, store the holding vessel of extinguishing chemical, for conveying extinguishing agent fire-fighting pipeline, several can detect fire source probing device, several injection apparatus for spray fire extinguishing agent of burning things which may cause a fire disaster, it is characterized in that: described fire-fighting pipeline comprises the first spy fire tube be located on vehicle body, described holding vessel connects first and visits fire tube, and described first visits fire tube connects injection apparatus by magnetic valve; The detector that described fire source probing device comprises detector base and is rotatably connected with detector base, described detector base is provided with the detector motor driving sonde rotary, the equal connection control device of described fire source probing device, magnetic valve and detector motor.
2. passenger vehicle according to claim 1 and bus fire extinguishing system, is characterized in that: described extinguishing chemical is heptafluoro-propane, and described detector is made up of ultraviolet flame detector and image-type fire detector.
3. passenger vehicle according to claim 1 and bus fire extinguishing system, it is characterized in that: described first visits on the fire tube roof inwall of being located at bus body or madial wall, the head of bus body, middle part, afterbody are equipped with fire source probing device, described fire-fighting pipeline comprises the second spy fire tube be located in enging cabin, and described first visits fire tube and second visits fire tube UNICOM.
4. passenger vehicle according to claim 1 and bus fire extinguishing system, it is characterized in that: the shower nozzle that described injection apparatus comprises shower nozzle base and is rotatably connected with shower nozzle base, described shower nozzle base is provided with the showerhead electrode driving sprinkler rotation, and described showerhead electrode is connected with control device.
5. passenger vehicle according to claim 1 and bus fire extinguishing system, it is characterized in that: also comprise stand-by power supply, described fire source probing device, injection apparatus, magnetic valve and control module are powered by stand-by power supply or vehicle power, are provided with power transfer device between described stand-by power supply and vehicle power.
6. passenger vehicle according to claim 1 and bus fire extinguishing system, it is characterized in that: also comprise warning device, the control centre that described warning device comprises the GPS module be located on vehicle body, wireless communication module and is located at outside vehicle body, described GPS module is all connected with control module with wireless communication module, and the fire signal of the position signalling of GPS module and fire source probing device is sent to control centre by wireless communication module after receiving the fire signal that fire source probing device sends by described control module.
7. passenger vehicle according to claim 1 and bus fire extinguishing system, is characterized in that: be provided with container value between described first spy fire tube and holding vessel.
8. passenger vehicle according to claim 1 and bus fire extinguishing system, is characterized in that: described holding vessel has three, is located at the head of vehicle body, middle part and afterbody respectively.
CN201510637332.5A 2015-10-06 2015-10-06 Car and bus fire extinguishing system Active CN105214246B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510637332.5A CN105214246B (en) 2015-10-06 2015-10-06 Car and bus fire extinguishing system

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CN105214246B CN105214246B (en) 2019-03-08

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105854202A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-08-17 厦门泰消防科技开发有限公司 Lithium battery fire extinguisher
CN107412975A (en) * 2017-08-07 2017-12-01 浙江海洋大学 A kind of gas station's automatic fire extinguishing system
CN107583223A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-01-16 马丽 A kind of starter of dynamic scan fire condition
CN108144222A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-12 长安大学 A kind of fire extinguishing system and method in automobile engine nacelle
CN108653957A (en) * 2017-03-29 2018-10-16 深圳市兴舞消防设备有限公司 Car fire-fighting system and car fire-fighting fire extinguishing method
CN109432633A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-03-08 蒋承革 A kind of automative automatic fire fighting
CN110290841A (en) * 2017-02-17 2019-09-27 森田宫田工业股份有限公司 Fire-extinguishing apparatus
CN110624192A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-12-31 国网浙江省电力有限公司嘉兴供电公司 Fire extinguishing control method based on combustible classification and adopting multi-nozzle cooperative operation

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CN104857651A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-08-26 西安北方光电科技防务有限公司 Automatic firefighting explosion-prevention system and method for bus
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US20110083864A1 (en) * 2009-10-08 2011-04-14 Smith Paul D Fire suppression system
KR20110061094A (en) * 2009-12-01 2011-06-09 (주) 상원티앤에스 The automatic fire extinquisher for small space with jet head(nozzle) directly connected to heat detecting tube
CN202315043U (en) * 2011-11-14 2012-07-11 济南大学 High altitude fire extinguishing fire gun
CN202892739U (en) * 2012-11-27 2013-04-24 浙江海洋学院 Universal rotary induction spray head for high-efficiency fire fighting
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105854202A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-08-17 厦门泰消防科技开发有限公司 Lithium battery fire extinguisher
CN110290841A (en) * 2017-02-17 2019-09-27 森田宫田工业股份有限公司 Fire-extinguishing apparatus
CN108653957A (en) * 2017-03-29 2018-10-16 深圳市兴舞消防设备有限公司 Car fire-fighting system and car fire-fighting fire extinguishing method
CN107412975A (en) * 2017-08-07 2017-12-01 浙江海洋大学 A kind of gas station's automatic fire extinguishing system
CN107583223A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-01-16 马丽 A kind of starter of dynamic scan fire condition
CN108144222A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-12 长安大学 A kind of fire extinguishing system and method in automobile engine nacelle
CN108144222B (en) * 2017-12-22 2020-12-22 长安大学 Fire extinguishing system and method used in automobile engine compartment
CN109432633A (en) * 2018-10-31 2019-03-08 蒋承革 A kind of automative automatic fire fighting
CN110624192A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-12-31 国网浙江省电力有限公司嘉兴供电公司 Fire extinguishing control method based on combustible classification and adopting multi-nozzle cooperative operation

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Address after: 362000 Maoming Road, Fu Mao Industrial Park, Nanan Economic Development Zone, Quanzhou, Fujian

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