CN105202783A - Automatic tracking system of numerical control solar water heater - Google Patents

Automatic tracking system of numerical control solar water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105202783A
CN105202783A CN201510745069.1A CN201510745069A CN105202783A CN 105202783 A CN105202783 A CN 105202783A CN 201510745069 A CN201510745069 A CN 201510745069A CN 105202783 A CN105202783 A CN 105202783A
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China
Prior art keywords
water heater
solar water
computer
sun
solar
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Pending
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CN201510745069.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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胡达广
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201510745069.1A priority Critical patent/CN105202783A/en
Publication of CN105202783A publication Critical patent/CN105202783A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

The invention provides an automatic tracking system of a numerical control solar water heater and relates to one field of a solar water heater technology. In order to realize that the sunward angle can be automatically adjusted by the solar water heater according to time and water temperature, following technical measures are taken: the solar water heater is movably mounted on the ground or a balcony, a thermometer of a water tank of the solar water heater is connected with a computer which is connected with a motor controller, and the motor controller is connected with a motor which drives the solar water heater to rotate through a transmission device; under the control of the computer, the solar water heater can keep the largest heat absorption surface facing the sun when the water temperature of the water tank is lower than a set value, and can keep the smallest heat absorption surface facing the sun when the water temperature of the water tank is higher than the set value. The automatic tracking system has the advantages as follows: the solar water heater can rotate under the control of the computer and the driving of the motor, and necessary conditions are created for the highest heat energy acquisition of the solar water heater and solar water heater protection.

Description

Numerically controlled solar water heater automatic tracking system
Technical field
The present invention is a field of solar water heater technology.
Background technology
Solar water heater every day all under the condition of zero-emission for people provide a large amount of hot water, be the ideal chose of energy-saving and emission-reduction.But in the operation of solar water heater, every day all will in the face of a lot of parameter.Such as, the change etc. of the movement of the sun, the change of weather and using amount of hot water.In these parameters, changing maximum is weather.From cloudy day of cold to hot summer, in this segment limit, the change difference of sunlight can reach tens even more than hundred times.For still producing enough hot water under the weather of sunlight deficiency, the solar water heater of quantity of heat production comparatively large (endotherm area is larger) is all selected by most of family.But the problem that generation one is new so again, so being exactly configured in can cause again the situation that quantity of heat production is superfluous, temperature is too high sun-drenched summer.Such water heater can close to even exceeding Baidu in its water temperature of sun-drenched date, it by directly affect solar water heater to service life.This not paints an alarming picture of the situation just to scare the audience, because the water temperature over-high in water tank, too high water temperature can be accelerated the aging of sealing ring, pipeline and valve etc. and lose efficacy, and affects the service life of solar water heater.A lot of user solves the too high problem of temperature to take and on endothermic tube or absorber plate, hide baffle plate or puggaree, to reduce light-receiving area.But this way not only bothers, and hamper again the absorption of solar energy when cloudy sunlight is not enough, make solar water heater heat production not enough; On the other hand, the sun is mobile, and its every day rises all eastwardly, to west to going, from uninterruptedly.Therefore, if solar water heater will obtain the motion track that maximum solar energy just must follow the tracks of the sun, oneself maximum heat-absorbent surface all the time towards the sun.Could absorb solar energy most effectively like this.
But the solar water heater under prior art does not solve the problems of the technologies described above, it can only be contained on roof or balcony regularly.The track of the sun can not be followed the tracks of, just can not absorb solar energy to greatest extent.At weather not good enough or in the winter time time can therefore cause heat production not enough.On the other hand, because it is fixedly mounted in roof or balcony, so it can not meet by changing the absorption protection solar water heater that external corner reduces heat when water temperature over-high.
Summary of the invention
Automatically can regulate according to time and water temperature to make solar water heater and meet external corner (the angle degree of the maximum heat-absorbent surface of solar water heater and sunray); solar energy and protection solar water heater can be absorbed to large extent; this invention takes following technical measures: solar water heater is movably arranged on ground or balcony; the thermometer of solar water heater water tank connects computer; computer connects electric machine controller; electric machine controller connects motor, and motor rotates by actuator drives solar water heater.Solar water heater can under control of the computer water tank water temperature lower than during setting value keep maximum heat-absorbent surface towards the sun, when water tank water temperature higher than during setting value keep minimum heat-absorbent surface towards the sun.
The benefit done like this is: solar water heater can rotate under the driving of the control of computer and motor, obtains maximum heat energy and protection solar water heater creates necessary condition for solar water heater.When concrete benefit is solar water heater work, computer is according to time (clock in computer), and command motor drives solar water heater to rotate, and the maximum heat-absorbent surface holding surface of solar water heater can be made to the sun, namely follow the tracks of the sun, obtain maximum heat energy.Simultaneous computer is connected to the thermometer in water tank; when the water temperature over-high in water tank or when reaching setting value; computer drives solar water heater to rotate by motor; make the minimum heat-absorbent surface holding surface of solar water heater to the sun; reduce heat energy to greatest extent to obtain; prevent water temperature over-high, make solar water heater protected.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is numerically controlled solar water heater automatic tracking system structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the close-up schematic view of Fig. 1.
In figure: support (rack of solar water heater) 1, axis 2, axle sleeve 3, castor 4, base 5, worm gear 6, stepper motor 7, worm screw 8.
Detailed description of the invention
Solar water heater described in the application is movably arranged on ground or balcony, refers to the mounting means that solar water heater can move relative to ground or balcony rotating.The structure of this requirement can be reached and mounting means is a lot, such as, on support, load onto castor or universal wheel, allow support be contained on circuit orbit or whole solar water heater is contained in rotating shaft or be sling by rotating shaft and be contained on ground or balcony etc.; Use solar water heater of the present invention can under control of the computer, when water tank water temperature lower than during setting value maximum heat-absorbent surface holding surface towards the sun; When water tank water temperature higher than during setting value minimum heat-absorbent surface holding surface towards the sun.Can realize the mode of this function, method and structure has a lot equally, and they are all applicable to the present invention and use.Due to the present invention be with the water temperature of time and water tank for controlling foundation, therefore first the thermometer in water tank is connected computer.Computer is rotated by actuator drives solar water heater by motor controller controls electric machine rotation according to time and different water temperatures.When water temperature is lower than the dangerous values set, computer controls solar water heater and rotates, and makes the maximum heat-absorbent surface holding surface of solar water heater towards the sun, to obtain maximum heat energy.When water temperature over-high reaches the dangerous values of setting, computer controls solar water heater and rotates, and makes the minimum heat-absorbent surface holding surface of solar water heater towards the sun, the uptake of sunlight is reduced to minimum, prevents the further rising of water temperature, protection solar water heater; The motor that the present invention uses is stepper motor, also can be conventional DC or alternating current asynchronous motivation.Use corresponding electric machine controller with during different motors, when using on-stepper motor, system further comprises a set of Servocontrol device, makes the requirement of the amount of spin according calculation machine of solar water heater simultaneously; The mode that motor is rotated by actuator drives solar water heater is a lot, their difference is mainly in transmission device and the kind of drive, such as can use Worm and Worm Gear Driving, can gear drive be used, solar water heater can also be driven to rotate etc. by the mode driving castor to rotate, because the present invention does not have particular/special requirement to the kind of drive, use so all kinds of drive under prior art are all applicable to the present invention.
The one of detailed description of the invention is as follows: on support 1, install castor 4 make solar water heater relative to ground or balcony rotating, support 1 can fixedly mount axle sleeve 3, axle sleeve 3 fixedly mounts worm gear 6.The structure of this example uses the mode of worm and wormwheel driving, worm and wormwheel can certainly be changed to gear, become gear drive mode.Ground or balcony fixedly mount base 5, base 5 is equipped with axis 2 and stepper motor 7, stepper motor 7 is equipped with worm screw 8, axle sleeve 3 is enclosed within axis 2 can flexible rotating, together with worm gear 6 is meshing with worm screw 8, stepper motor 7 drives solar water heater to rotate by worm screw 8 and worm gear 6.The thermometer of solar water heater water tank connects computer, and computer connects controllor for step-by-step motor, and controllor for step-by-step motor connects stepper motor, and stepper motor drives solar water heater to rotate by worm and wormwheel.Solar water heater can under control of the computer water tank water temperature lower than during setting value keep maximum heat-absorbent surface towards the sun, when water tank water temperature higher than during setting value keep minimum heat-absorbent surface towards the sun.
Operation principle of the present invention: when turning on the power switch after owner's water filling solar water heater, system reset.Owner by keyboard to computer input set temperature value (protection temperature).Computer is started working and is determined the angle of solar water heater towards the sun according to current time (Time dependent the position of the sun, as long as according to the time, just can follow the tracks of the sun) and current water temperature.When daytime, water temperature was lower than setting value, computer drives solar water heater to rotate by controllor for step-by-step motor, stepper motor, Worm and Worm Gear Driving device, the maximum heat-absorbent surface of solar water heater is followed the tracks of and towards the sun, the energy of sunshine can be absorbed to greatest extent; When water temperature reached or exceeded setting value daytime; computer drives solar water heater to rotate by controllor for step-by-step motor, stepper motor, Worm and Worm Gear Driving device; the minimum heat-absorbent surface of solar water heater is followed the tracks of and towards the sun; the absorption of sunshine farthest can be reduced, prevent the equipment such as the too high protection solar water heater of temperature, pipeline and valve.

Claims (1)

1. numerically controlled solar water heater automatic tracking system, it is characterized in that: solar water heater is movably arranged on ground or balcony, the thermometer of solar water heater water tank connects computer, computer connects electric machine controller, electric machine controller connects motor, motor rotates by actuator drives solar water heater, solar water heater can under control of the computer water tank water temperature lower than during setting value keep maximum heat-absorbent surface towards the sun, when water tank water temperature higher than during setting value keep minimum heat-absorbent surface towards the sun.
CN201510745069.1A 2015-11-03 2015-11-03 Automatic tracking system of numerical control solar water heater Pending CN105202783A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510745069.1A CN105202783A (en) 2015-11-03 2015-11-03 Automatic tracking system of numerical control solar water heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510745069.1A CN105202783A (en) 2015-11-03 2015-11-03 Automatic tracking system of numerical control solar water heater

Publications (1)

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CN105202783A true CN105202783A (en) 2015-12-30

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107990573A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-04 李明守 A kind of solar water heater by luminous power and moisturizing constant temperature intelligent control
CN108019963A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-11 李明守 A kind of collecting plate illumination power adjustable without dirty intelligent solar water heater
CN109838937A (en) * 2017-11-28 2019-06-04 李明守 A kind of intelligent solar water heater adjusting collecting plate illumination power scale-deposit-preventing
WO2022104858A1 (en) * 2020-11-19 2022-05-27 江苏桑力太阳能产业有限公司 Solar water heater capable of automatically adjusting water supply mode

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CN105004070A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-10-28 国网上海市电力公司 Solar water heater used in electric power construction project

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2479443Y (en) * 2001-04-26 2002-02-27 张维良 Automatic sunlight-tracking means for solar range
CN2713390Y (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-07-27 山东大学 Automatic sun tracking device
CN2800166Y (en) * 2005-05-17 2006-07-26 王新庚 Full-automatic sun tracing device with time control function
CN201221862Y (en) * 2008-04-29 2009-04-15 河海大学 Heliostat tracing control device
CN101893895A (en) * 2009-07-27 2010-11-24 邵晓 Designing of solar device capable of tracing sun
KR20110079295A (en) * 2009-12-31 2011-07-07 김문식 Liquid solar heating system reflectors positioning method
CN102931880A (en) * 2011-08-12 2013-02-13 尤长鹏 Automatic focus tracking type solar concentrating photovoltaic power generation system
CN204006721U (en) * 2014-07-15 2014-12-10 明光市金洋太阳能有限公司 A kind of rotary solar water heater
CN204494859U (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-07-22 王怀正 A kind of rotary thermal-arrest solar water heater
CN105004070A (en) * 2015-08-04 2015-10-28 国网上海市电力公司 Solar water heater used in electric power construction project

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107990573A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-04 李明守 A kind of solar water heater by luminous power and moisturizing constant temperature intelligent control
CN108019963A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-11 李明守 A kind of collecting plate illumination power adjustable without dirty intelligent solar water heater
CN109838937A (en) * 2017-11-28 2019-06-04 李明守 A kind of intelligent solar water heater adjusting collecting plate illumination power scale-deposit-preventing
CN109838937B (en) * 2017-11-28 2020-12-15 杨贵珍 Intelligent solar water heater capable of adjusting illumination power of heat collecting plate to prevent scale
WO2022104858A1 (en) * 2020-11-19 2022-05-27 江苏桑力太阳能产业有限公司 Solar water heater capable of automatically adjusting water supply mode

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Application publication date: 20151230

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