CN201717805U - Solar three-dimensional automatic track follower - Google Patents

Solar three-dimensional automatic track follower Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201717805U
CN201717805U CN2010201486989U CN201020148698U CN201717805U CN 201717805 U CN201717805 U CN 201717805U CN 2010201486989 U CN2010201486989 U CN 2010201486989U CN 201020148698 U CN201020148698 U CN 201020148698U CN 201717805 U CN201717805 U CN 201717805U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
year
day
arc frame
frame
solar
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010201486989U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘建中
刘方舟
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刘建中
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Priority to CN2010201486989U priority Critical patent/CN201717805U/en
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Publication of CN201717805U publication Critical patent/CN201717805U/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S30/40Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement
    • F24S30/45Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement with two rotation axes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2030/10Special components
    • F24S2030/13Transmissions
    • F24S2030/134Transmissions in the form of gearings or rack-and-pinion transmissions
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

A solar three-dimensional automatic track follower relates to the technical field of utilization of solar energy and comprises a solar panel fixing frame, a year tracking component and a day tracking component. The solar three-dimensional automatic track follower is characterized in that the year tracking component comprises a year turning arc-shaped frame and a supporting frame, two ends of the year turning arc-shaped frame are hinged with the fixing frame, the supporting frame is mounted on a substrate, the year turning arc-shaped frame is provided with teeth and penetrates through the supporting frame, a year turning arc-shaped frame protecting cover is disposed at a matching position of the year turning arc-shaped frame and the supporting frame, the supporting frame is further provided with a first driving device, the day tracking component comprises a day turning arc-shaped frame, a second driving device and a day turning arc-shaped frame protecting cover, two ends of the day turning arc-shaped frame are fixedly connected with the fixing frame, the day turning arc-shaped frame is provided with teeth, the second driving device and the day turning arc-shaped frame protecting cover are fixedly mounted on the year turning arc-shaped frame, and the solar panel fixing frame is further provided with a three-dimensional movable joint connected with the supporting frame. The solar three-dimensional automatic track-follower matching with a control circuit can accurately realize three-dimensional automatic tracking, leads sunlight to always perpendicularly irradiate on a receiving surface, and increase solar energy conversion rate.

Description

The solar energy three-dimensional automatic tracking device
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of solar utilization technique, specifically a kind of solar energy three-dimensional automatic tracking device that can reflect day face according to the automatic adjustment of year, diurnal variation rule of sun operation.
Background technology
Solar energy is just more and more paid attention to by people as a kind of high-efficiency cleaning, novel energy widely distributed, that almost can infinitely utilize.But, at present aspect solar energy utilizes, the problem that the ubiquity utilance is low.Especially in field of photovoltaic power generation, because the present photovoltaic power generation technology that adopts, employed photovoltaic cell mainly is semi-conducting materials such as monocrystalline silicon and polysilicon, and produce these material technology complexity, need to consume a large amount of electric energy, cost is very high, and its long life has only twenties years, has so just increased the cost of solar power generation greatly.Therefore, how to improve the generating efficiency of photovoltaic battery panel, just become one of main path that reduces the solar cell power generation cost.The most general present method, be that the latitude numerical value of solar panel by making land used is fixedly mounted towards the sun, but owing to the sun is all clocklike moving in 1 year and in every day, therefore, in most times, sunlight will produce certain incident angle.According to the refraction principle of light, its incident angle is big more, and optical index is just high more, and the luminous energy that obtains on the photovoltaic battery panel of unit are is just few more, and generating efficiency is also just low more.
Though people have begun to adopt optically focused technology and sun light tracking technology,, improve the generating efficiency of photovoltaic battery panel by the energy that the refraction loss or the increase unit are of minimizing light are accepted light radiation.But existing tracking technique mostly exists, and cost is higher, complex structure, stability many drawbacks such as bad, has hindered its development.Aspect other solar energy utilizes,, also there is same problem as solar water heater, solar cooker etc.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of solar energy three-dimensional automatic tracking device, can make the helioplant working face keep optimum state with sunlight all the time according to the year diurnal variation rule of sun operation, improves the conversion ratio of solar energy.
The technical scheme in the invention for solving the technical problem is: this solar energy three-dimensional automatic tracking device comprises the solar panel fixed mount, is used to follow the tracks of the year tracking means of running orbit in solar year, the day tracking means that is used to follow the tracks of the running orbit on solar day;
Described year tracking means comprises the year commentaries on classics arc frame and be installed in bracing frame on the pedestal of semi-annular shape that two ends and fixed mount are hinged; Changeed in described year the corresponding tooth that solar year, angle changing was provided with is arranged on the arc frame, the place covering of the fan is vertical along terrestrial meridian with ground level, and year change an arc frame and from bracing frame, pass, and be provided with the year commentaries on classics arc frame sheath of strengthening guiding and reducing the coefficient of friction effect in the cooperation place; Be equipped with on the support frame as described above and drive year first drive unit of commentaries on classics arc frame motion; Under the effect of first drive unit, make a year commentaries on classics arc frame rotate certain number of teeth by rule, drive the solar panel fixed mount and rotate corresponding angle number, reach the purpose of accurate tracking running orbit in solar year;
Described day tracking means comprises changes arc frame the day of the semi-annular shape of fixedlying connected with the solar panel fixed mount in two ends, changeed in described day the corresponding tooth that solar day, angle changing was provided with is arranged on the arc frame, the place covering of the fan is vertical along earth parallel with solar panel fixed mount plane, day changes second drive unit of arc frame and has and change an arc frame sheath day of strengthening guiding and reducing the coefficient of friction effect and all be fixedly mounted on and year change on the arc frame; Under the effect of second drive unit, make a day commentaries on classics arc frame rotate certain number of teeth by rule, drive the solar panel fixed mount and rotate corresponding angle number, reach the purpose of accurate tracking running orbit on solar day;
Year commentaries on classics arc frame on the solar panel fixed mount also is provided with three-dimensional movable joint with day virtual infall of commentaries on classics arc frame and is connected with bracing frame.
Changeed the radius of arc frame and the radius of described year commentaries on classics arc frame in described day difference can be arranged.
Support frame as described above or for the structure of column or have the structure of angle of release for top; When low latitudes uses, the point of vertical of the sun can be crossed zenith, for preventing that bracing frame from hindering moving of day commentaries on classics arc frame, thereby influenced the range of operation of year commentaries on classics arc frame, therefore bracing frame top will be designed to angle of release formula structure, angle of release should make day traffic coverage of commentaries on classics arc frame in angle of release greater than 46.5 degree, and the range of operation of changeing arc frame assurance year is unrestricted.
Described first drive unit comprises first motor and first gear that is installed on its output shaft; Described second drive unit comprises second motor and second gear that is installed on its output shaft.
The controller of control first drive unit and second drive unit running is installed in the support frame as described above.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1) simple in structure, low cost of manufacture is easy to accomplish scale production.
2) by changeing arc frame and day commentaries on classics arc frame the year of employing long radius, making device drive the power requirement reduces, and year change arc frame, load that the own wt that day changes the arc frame and second drive unit does not only increase by first motor, also balance the weight of working face; The control of employing timing operation has also reduced the running energy consumption of installing.
3) tooth pitch that changes arc frame year and day change arc frame with year of sun altitude, diurnal variation rule and this device designs effective the combination, has simplified device construction and control program, has improved the accuracy that device moves; Reduced the probability of fault simultaneously, be convenient to install and regular maintenance.
4) changeed the supporter that arc frame and day commentaries on classics arc frame are combined into device year, make device obtain multi-point support, increased steadiness.
5) this device is applied widely, almost comprises removing near global any area, the two poles of the earth, north and south.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of embodiment one;
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of embodiment two;
Among the figure: 1 fixed mount, 11 articulated joints were changeed arc frame in 2 years, changeed the arc frame sheath in 21 years, 3 bracing frames, 31 flanges, 4 three-dimensional movable joint, 5 first drive units, commentaries on classics arc frame on the 6th, commentaries on classics arc frame sheath on the 61st, 7 second drive units, 8 controllers.
Embodiment
This kind solar energy three-dimensional automatic tracking device comprises the fixed mount that is used for fixing solar panel, the year tracking means that is used to follow the tracks of the running orbit in solar year that is connected with fixed mount, the day tracking means that is used to follow the tracks of the running orbit on solar day that is connected with fixed mount.
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1, for ease of narration, at first will with fixed mount place plane parallel and along solar day running orbit direction be defined as the Y direction, will with fixed mount place plane parallel and along solar year running orbit direction be defined as the Z direction, be directions X then with YZ plane parallel and direction towards the fixed mount back side.
Tracking means comprised fixed mount 1, year commentaries on classics arc frame 2, year commentaries on classics arc frame sheath 21, bracing frame 3, three-dimensional movable joint 4, first drive unit 5 in described year.
Described fixed mount 1 is a framework, the front is used to install the solar energy work package, its back side along the Z axle be furnished with a pair of articulated joint 11 and with change arc frame 2 two ends year and be connected, and on fixed mount 1, have along fixedly connected day of Y-axis and change arc frame 6, day change arc frame 6 and year change an arc frame 2 that be connected formed virtual cross spider with fixed mount 1 vertical mutually, the while is provided with one at virtual infall and overlaps three-dimensional movable joint 4.
Change the semicircular ring that arc frame 2 integral body are 180 degree year, begin to the middle part, establish tooth in proportion according to its annual change data of sun altitude from the outer of head end; Two ends and fixed mount 1 form articulated structure along the Z axle.Also be installed with second drive unit 7 that drives 6 runnings of day commentaries on classics arc frame at the middle part of changeing arc frame 2 year, reach the day commentaries on classics arc frame sheath 61 of strengthening guiding and reducing the coefficient of friction effect, the pilot holes in this day commentaries on classics arc frame sheath 61 match with day commentaries on classics arc frames.First drive unit 5 that is installed on the bracing frame 3 can effectively drive year motion of commentaries on classics arc frame 2, pass through circuit, control year commentaries on classics arc frame 2 rotates the pairing number of teeth of its annual change of sun altitudes, drive the corresponding angle number of solar panel fixed mount 1 rotation, to reach the purpose of accurate sun-tracing year angle variation.
Support frame as described above 3 integral body are a column shape, and the top is connected with fixed mount 1 by three-dimensional movable joint 4; Have a Kong Yunian commentaries on classics arc frame to match on bracing frame 3, and be installed with a year commentaries on classics arc frame sheath 21 in the cooperation place, the inner both sides that contact with year commentaries on classics arc frame of this year commentaries on classics arc frame sheath are provided with plurality of balls, and reinforcement is led and reduced the coefficient of friction effect.Simultaneously on bracing frame 3, also be installed with first drive unit 5, first gear in the drive unit of winning is meshed with the tooth that year changes on the arc frame 2; There is flange 31 lower end, by being bolted on the pedestal.
Day tracking means relates to fixed mount 1, day changes arc frame 6, day change arc frame sheath 61, second drive unit 7.
Change the semicircular ring that arc frame 6 integral body are 180 degree day, two ends are fixed on the Y-axis line of fixed mount 1.Begin to the other end from the outer of changeing arc frame 6 one ends day, according to solar day the angle delta data establish tooth in proportion, be meshed with second gear on second drive unit 7.Be installed in year the motion that second drive unit 7 that changes on the arc frame 2 can effectively drive day changes arc frame 6, change arc frame controll day by circuit and rotate the solar day angle and change the pairing number of teeth, to reach the accurate sun-tracing day purpose that changes of angle.
For strengthening day commentaries on classics arc frame stability of rotation and reducing coefficient of friction, to change arc frame 6 day and be nested with in being fixedly mounted on the day commentaries on classics arc frame sheath 61 at year commentaries on classics arc frame 2 middle parts, the inner both sides that contact with year commentaries on classics arc frame 2 of this sheath are provided with plurality of balls.
Second drive unit comprises second motor and is installed in second gear on second motor.
The controller 8 of controlling the running of first drive unit and second drive unit can be installed in the bracing frame.Controller orders about motor and turns round by rule, is implemented in the accurate tracking of setting-up time scope inner working face to sunlight.
Need only during installation the latitude of infield and the date and the corresponding teeth of elevation angle in solar year on year commentaries on classics arc frame 2 of installation are confirmed, from Winter Solstice to the Summer Solstice, the motor of first drive unit just changes, reverse again after the Summer Solstice until Winter Solstice, go round and begin again, just can realize the tracking that elevation angle changes to solar year; Equally, the corresponding teeth that solar day when device is installed, elevation angle was changeed on the arc frame 6 in day is confirmed, change arc frame 6 rules controll day by circuit and rotate the solar day angle and change the pairing number of teeth, just can realize determining the accurate tracking of determine time to afternoon time from morning.Sometime, controller 8 sends signal again after arriving under the sun west, instructs second drive unit 7 to drive devices and returns back to the holding state in morning.
Present embodiment is particularly useful for the tropic to the zone between the polar circle of north and south.
Embodiment two
As shown in Figure 2, be with embodiment one difference: first drive unit 7 drops on the inside of bracing frame 3, and the traffic coverage that makes first drive unit 7 is in bracing frame 3 inside.
Support frame as described above 3 integral body are the welded type framework, are fixedly mounted on the pedestal.
When this device operational environment when low latitudes (between the tropic of north and south), the point of vertical of the sun can be crossed zenith, the elevation angle of fixed mount 1 sometimes will be above 180 degree, for preventing that bracing frame 3 from hindering moving of day commentaries on classics arc frame 6, thereby influenced the range of operation of year changeing arc frame 2, so bracing frame 3 tops will be designed to angle of release formula structure, angle of release should be greater than 46.5 degree, the traffic coverage that makes day commentaries on classics arc frame 6 and first drive unit 7 guarantees that year range of operation of commentaries on classics arc frame is unrestricted in angle of release.
In the large-sized photovoltaic electric power station system was implemented, the utility model can change controller into the centralized control by the mster-control centre, realized the photoinduction tracking, and multiple control modes such as wind resistance snow defence function self have sand prevention, water-proof function and install.
Except that the described technical characterictic of specification, be the known technology of those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. solar energy three-dimensional automatic tracking device comprises solar panel fixed mount, the year tracking means that is used to follow the tracks of the running orbit in solar year that is connected with fixed mount, the day tracking means that is used to follow the tracks of the running orbit on solar day that is connected with fixed mount, it is characterized in that,
Described year tracking means comprises the year commentaries on classics arc frame of the semi-annular shape that two ends and fixed mount are hinged; Be installed in the bracing frame on the pedestal; Changeing in described year has the corresponding tooth that solar year, angle changing was provided with on the arc frame, and changes arc frame in described year and pass from bracing frame; Be equipped with on the support frame as described above and drive year first drive unit of commentaries on classics arc frame motion;
Described day tracking means comprises changes arc frame the day of the semi-annular shape of fixedlying connected with fixed mount in two ends, on the described day commentaries on classics arc frame the corresponding tooth that solar day, angle changing was provided with is arranged, and second drive unit of described day commentaries on classics arc frame is fixedly mounted on year commentaries on classics arc frame;
It is vertical along the terrestrial meridian direction with ground level to change arc frame place covering of the fan in described year, it is vertical along earth weft direction with solar panel fixed mount plane to change arc frame place covering of the fan day, change arc frame and day virtual infall of commentaries on classics arc frame the year on the solar panel fixed mount, also be provided with the three-dimensional movable joint that is connected with bracing frame.
2. solar energy three-dimensional automatic tracking device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, change year commentaries on classics arc frame sheath that arc frame and support frame as described above cooperation place are provided with the reinforcement guiding and reduce the coefficient of friction effect described year, commentaries on classics arc frame middle part was fixed with the day commentaries on classics arc frame sheath that reinforcement is led and reduced the coefficient of friction effect in described year.
3. solar energy three-dimensional automatic tracking device according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, changeing the radius of arc frame and the radius of year commentaries on classics arc frame in described day can have difference.
4. solar energy three-dimensional automatic tracking device according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, support frame as described above or for the structure of column or have the structure of angle of release for top.
5. solar energy three-dimensional automatic tracking device according to claim 4, the angle of release on support frame as described above top is greater than 46.5 degree.
6. solar energy three-dimensional automatic tracking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, first drive unit comprises first motor and first gear that is installed on its output shaft; Second drive unit comprises second motor and second gear that is installed on its output shaft.
7. solar energy three-dimensional automatic tracking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the controller of control first drive unit and second drive unit running is installed in the described bracing frame.
CN2010201486989U 2010-04-02 2010-04-02 Solar three-dimensional automatic track follower Expired - Fee Related CN201717805U (en)

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CN2010201486989U CN201717805U (en) 2010-04-02 2010-04-02 Solar three-dimensional automatic track follower

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101813945A (en) * 2010-04-22 2010-08-25 刘建中 Mobile solar energy tracking device capable of conveniently mounting and dismounting
CN103163891A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-06-19 白树新 Solar power generation double-shaft tracking device
CN103713643A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-04-09 苏州科大微龙信息技术有限公司 Solar power generation equipment tracking and locating the sun automatically
CN103929124A (en) * 2014-05-04 2014-07-16 内蒙古科盛太阳能科技有限责任公司 Installation structure for solar cell panel support and photovoltaic cabin
CN104617858A (en) * 2014-05-09 2015-05-13 李毅 Solar light tracking device
CN110995126A (en) * 2019-11-30 2020-04-10 徐州日托光伏科技有限公司 Solar panel strutting arrangement suitable for multi-angle adjustment

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101813945A (en) * 2010-04-22 2010-08-25 刘建中 Mobile solar energy tracking device capable of conveniently mounting and dismounting
CN103163891A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-06-19 白树新 Solar power generation double-shaft tracking device
CN103713643A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-04-09 苏州科大微龙信息技术有限公司 Solar power generation equipment tracking and locating the sun automatically
CN103929124A (en) * 2014-05-04 2014-07-16 内蒙古科盛太阳能科技有限责任公司 Installation structure for solar cell panel support and photovoltaic cabin
CN103929124B (en) * 2014-05-04 2016-01-20 内蒙古科盛太阳能科技有限责任公司 The mounting structure of solar-cell panel support and photovoltaic cabin
CN104617858A (en) * 2014-05-09 2015-05-13 李毅 Solar light tracking device
CN110995126A (en) * 2019-11-30 2020-04-10 徐州日托光伏科技有限公司 Solar panel strutting arrangement suitable for multi-angle adjustment

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Granted publication date: 20110119

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