CN105127735A - Installation aligning method for shafting - Google Patents

Installation aligning method for shafting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105127735A
CN105127735A CN201510396860.6A CN201510396860A CN105127735A CN 105127735 A CN105127735 A CN 105127735A CN 201510396860 A CN201510396860 A CN 201510396860A CN 105127735 A CN105127735 A CN 105127735A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
deviation
shaft coupling
horizontal
shaft
vertical
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CN201510396860.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105127735B (en
Inventor
穆遵明
王成福
方健
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四川电力建设二公司
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Publication of CN105127735A publication Critical patent/CN105127735A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/10Aligning parts to be fitted together
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B5/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means

Abstract

The invention discloses an installation aligning method for a shafting. Adjustment is easy and convenient, and meanwhile adjusting accuracy is high. The aligning method includes the steps that couplings are installed on two connecting shafts, and the relative radial deviation and end face deviation between the couplings on the two connecting shafts are measured in the vertical direction and the horizontal direction; the positions of the two connecting shafts are adjusted according to the radial deviation and end face deviation in the horizontal direction, and the axes of the connecting shafts are located in the same vertical plane; then the adjusting quantities of adjusting gaskets of supports at the positions from the first fulcrum to the nth fulcrum of the adjusting shaft are calculated according to the detected end face deviation and radial deviation in the vertical direction; and it is guaranteed that the position of the reference shaft is unchanged, the thicknesses of the adjusting gaskets of the corresponding supports at the positions from the first fulcrum to the nth fulcrum of the adjusting shaft are adjusted according to the acquired adjusting quantities of the adjusting gaskets, and then the two connecting shafts are coaxial. By the adoption of the aligning method, the steps are simple, operation is easy and convenient, aligning time is shortened, and adjusting accuracy is guaranteed.

Description

Shafting installation aligning method

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of installation control method, especially a kind of shafting installation aligning method.

Background technology

Known: thermal power plants primary air fan generally divides axial-flow type and centrifugal two classes, centrifugal fan shows as that structure is simple, efficiency is high and consume energy low, so be widely used, but in actual use, the operational reliability of centrifugal fan is poor, reason has a lot, such as project organization, workmanship etc., from installation reason, centring of shafting quality directly affects the key factor of centrifugal fan later stage operation, so improve centring of shafting quality and speed, there is good guarantee effect to the running quality in later stage.

Summary of the invention

It is easy that technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of adjustment, the shafting installation aligning method that degree of regulation is higher simultaneously.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: shafting installation aligning method, comprises step: carry out at needs two connecting axles connecting install shaft coupling; Further comprising the steps of:

1) determine that an axle in two connecting axles is reference axis, another root is regulating shaft, by the radial missing a of the shaft coupling on measurement mechanism measuring and adjusting axle relative to the shaft coupling in the vertical direction on reference axis perpendicular, radial missing a in horizontal direction water, end face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicular, end face deviation S in horizontal direction water;

End face deviation S on described vertical direction perpendicularrefer to the deviation between minimum point and peak on shaft coupling end face vertical direction;

End face deviation S in described horizontal direction waterdeviation between the intersection referring to shaft coupling end face and horizontal middle section two-end-point in the horizontal direction;

2) according to the radial missing a in the horizontal direction detected waterand the end face deviation S in horizontal direction waterin horizontal plane, regulate the position of reference axis or regulating shaft, make the axis of the shaft coupling on the shaft coupling of regulating shaft and reference axis be positioned at same perpendicular;

3) according to the end face deviation S on the vertical direction detected perpendicularand the radial missing a on vertical direction perpendicularcalculate the regulated quantity Δ H of the adjustment pad of the first fulcrum to the n-th fulcrum place bearing of regulating shaft respectively 1, Δ H 2Δ H n;

Described Δ H n=X n+ Y+a perpendicular

Wherein, described X nbe the regulated quantity of the n-th fulcrum relative to the first fulcrum of regulating shaft, Y refers to that the axis of regulating shaft regulates side-play amount; N be greater than or equal to 2 integer;

wherein D is the diameter of shaft coupling, L nit is the level interval between the n-th fulcrum and the first fulcrum;

wherein L 1it is the distance between the first fulcrum and shaft coupling;

4) reference axis invariant position is ensured, according to the Δ H obtained 1, Δ H 2Δ H n, regulate the thickness of the adjustment pad of first corresponding bearing in fulcrum to the n-th fulcrum place on regulating shaft;

If dehisce under between two shaft couplings being, then reduce the thickness of the adjustment pad of bearing; If dehisce between two shaft couplings being, then increase the thickness of the adjustment pad of bearing; Thus make the shaft coupling on regulating shaft and the shaft coupling on reference axis coaxial.

Preferably, in step 1) described in measurement mechanism adopt two dial gauges, i.e. the first dial gauge and the second dial gauge;

Radial missing a on described measurement vertical direction perpendicular, radial missing a in horizontal direction water, end face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicularand the end face deviation S in horizontal direction watercomprise the following steps:

A, the first dial gauge and the second dial gauge are installed on dial indicator holder;

B, dial indicator holder is arranged on the shaft coupling on reference axis and reconciles in the shaft coupling on axle on any one rotary shaft coupling;

C, rotation shaft coupling make the first dial gauge be positioned at the extreme higher position of vertical direction, this position are set to 0 ° of position, detect radial missing a now 1, then along clockwise or rotate counterclockwise 90 °, 180 °, 270 ° positions and a detected successively 2, a 3, a 4; In like manner by the end face deviation of the second centimeter check 0 °, 90 °, 180 °, 270 ° position: S 1, S 2, S 3, S 4;

After d, dial gauge rotating 360 degrees, arrive a according to what detect 1, a 2, a 3, a 4, S 1, S 2, S 3, S 4; Whether checking shaft coupling meets technical requirement;

If: | a 1|+| a 3|=| a 2|+| a 4|, | s 1|+| s 3|=| s 2|+| s 4|, and radial missing with be less than end face deviation | S 1-S 3| with | S 2-S 4|, be less than the technical requirement of regulation simultaneously, then carry out step e; Otherwise replacing shaft coupling, repeats step b to d;

E, a by detecting 1, a 2, a 3, a 4calculate:

Radial missing on vertical direction radial missing in horizontal direction

By the S detected 1, S 2, S 3, S 4calculate:

End face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicular=| S 3-S 1|; End face deviation S in horizontal direction water=| S 4-S 2|.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: shafting installation aligning method of the present invention is by the installation centering process of axle system, detect the end face deviation of shaft coupling in the horizontal direction and on vertical direction and radial missing, regulate in the horizontal direction according to the end face deviation in horizontal direction and radial missing simultaneously, regulate according to the end face deviation on vertical direction and radial missing in the vertical direction; Thus while ensureing Adjustment precision, realize the installation centering of axle system; Further in the vertical direction passes through when regulating to calculate the adjustment thickness that can be adjusted pad accurately; Thus centering step can be simplified.Therefore shafting installation aligning method of the present invention, simplifies step, simple to operate, while the time reducing shafting installation centering, ensure that degree of regulation.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the scheme of installation of measurement mechanism in the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the scheme of installation adjusting measurement mechanism when the axle strong point is in the embodiment of the present invention at 2;

Fig. 3 is measurement mechanism measuring position schematic diagram in the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is measurement result schematic diagram in the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is theory analysis schematic diagram of dehiscing under two shaft couplings in the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is theory analysis schematic diagram of in the embodiment of the present invention, two shaft couplings being dehisced;

Indicate in figure: 1-shaft coupling, 2-dial indicator holder, 3-first dial gauge, 4-second dial gauge.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.

As shown in Figure 1, shafting installation aligning method of the present invention, comprises step: carry out at needs two connecting axles connecting install shaft coupling 1; Further comprising the steps of:

1) determine that an axle in two connecting axles is reference axis, another root is regulating shaft, by the shaft coupling 1 on measurement mechanism measuring and adjusting axle relative to the radial missing a on shaft coupling 1 vertical direction on reference axis perpendicular, radial missing a in horizontal direction water, end face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicular, end face deviation S in horizontal direction water;

End face deviation S on described vertical direction perpendicularrefer to the deviation between minimum point and peak on shaft coupling 1 end face vertical direction;

End face deviation S in described horizontal direction waterdeviation between the intersection referring to shaft coupling 1 end face and horizontal middle section two-end-point in the horizontal direction;

2) according to the radial missing a in the horizontal direction detected waterand the end face deviation S in horizontal direction waterin horizontal plane, regulate the position of reference axis or regulating shaft, make the axis of the shaft coupling 1 on the shaft coupling 1 of regulating shaft and reference axis be positioned at same perpendicular;

3) according to the end face deviation S on the vertical direction detected perpendicularand the radial missing a on vertical direction perpendicularcalculate the regulated quantity Δ H of the adjustment pad of the first fulcrum to the n-th fulcrum place bearing of regulating shaft respectively 1, Δ H 2Δ H n;

Described Δ H n=X n+ Y+a perpendicular

Wherein, described X nrefer to the regulated quantity of the n-th fulcrum relative to the first fulcrum of regulating shaft, Y refers to that the axis of regulating shaft regulates side-play amount; N be greater than or equal to 2 integer;

wherein D is the diameter of shaft coupling 1, L nit is the level interval between the n-th fulcrum and the first fulcrum;

wherein L 1it is the distance between the first fulcrum and shaft coupling 1;

4) reference axis invariant position is ensured, according to the Δ H obtained 1, Δ H 2Δ H n, regulate the thickness of the adjustment pad of first corresponding bearing in fulcrum to the n-th fulcrum place on regulating shaft;

If dehisce under between two shaft couplings 1 being, then reduce the thickness of the adjustment pad of bearing; If dehisce between two shaft couplings 1 being, then increase the thickness of the adjustment pad of bearing; Thus make the coaxial of the shaft coupling 1 on regulating shaft and the shaft coupling 1 on reference axis.

In the process adopting shafting installation aligning method of the present invention, first need the connecting axle that needs are installed to be installed in corresponding support seat, need the link of the connecting axle connected that shaft coupling 1 is installed at two simultaneously.Carry out step 1 after connecting axle is installed shaft coupling 1) to step 4).

In step 1) in determine that an axle in two connecting axles is reference axis, another root is regulating shaft, by the shaft coupling 1 on measurement mechanism measuring and adjusting axle relative to the radial missing a on shaft coupling 1 vertical direction on reference axis perpendicular, radial missing a in horizontal direction water, end face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicular, end face deviation S in horizontal direction water;

As shown in Figure 3, the end face deviation S on described vertical direction perpendicularrefer to the deviation between minimum point and peak on shaft coupling 1 end face vertical direction; Namely the end face deviation between S1 and S3;

End face deviation S in described horizontal direction waterdeviation between the intersection referring to shaft coupling 1 end face and horizontal middle section two-end-point in the horizontal direction, as shown in Figure 3, the end face deviation namely between S2 and S4.

Radial missing a on described vertical direction perpendicularrefer to the deviation of axis relative to reference for installation axis in the vertical direction; Radial missing a in described horizontal direction waterrefer to that axis is relative to reference for installation axis deviation in the horizontal direction.

In above-mentioned steps first using two connecting axles wherein one as reference axis, using another root as regulating shaft, thus can avoid in adjustment process the complexity that two axles regulate simultaneously; The error that in the inconsistent error brought of benchmark in adjustment process and adjustment process, benchmark transforms can be avoided.

The radial missing a on vertical direction is obtained by above-mentioned steps perpendicular, radial missing a in horizontal direction water, end face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicular, end face deviation S in horizontal direction water; Thus be axle system centering regulate ready.

In step 2) according to the radial missing a in the horizontal direction that detects waterand the end face deviation S in horizontal direction waterin horizontal plane, regulate the position of reference axis or regulating shaft, make the axis of the shaft coupling 1 on the shaft coupling 1 of regulating shaft and reference axis be positioned at same perpendicular.

If concrete regulating shaft is relative to reference axial direction left avertence, then with the radial missing a in horizontal direction watertranslational adjustment axle to the right, vice versa.Simultaneously in the horizontal direction with the end face deviation S in horizontal direction waterregulating shaft one end is regulated to make the axis of the shaft coupling 1 on the shaft coupling 1 of regulating shaft and reference axis be positioned at same perpendicular.

Reference axis and regulating shaft centering alignment is in the horizontal direction realized by above-mentioned steps.

In step 3) according to the end face deviation S on the vertical direction that detects perpendicularand the radial missing a on vertical direction perpendicularcalculate the regulated quantity Δ H of the adjustment pad of the first fulcrum to the n-th fulcrum place bearing of regulating shaft respectively 1, Δ H 2Δ H n;

Described Δ H n=X n+ Y+a perpendicular

Wherein, described X nrefer to the regulated quantity of the n-th fulcrum relative to the first fulcrum of regulating shaft, Y refers to that the axis of regulating shaft regulates side-play amount; N be greater than or equal to 2 integer;

wherein D is the diameter of shaft coupling 1, L nit is the level interval between the n-th fulcrum and the first fulcrum;

wherein L 1it is the distance between the first fulcrum and shaft coupling 1;

Concrete as shown in Fig. 4 or Fig. 5, according to similar triangles law; Can obtain by figure intermediate cam shape A is similar to triangle B or triangle A1 is similar to triangle B1:

thus obtain

Obtain to triangle B or triangle C1 is similar with triangle B1 with reason triangle C:

Y L 1 = X n L n , Thus obtain Y = X n × L 1 L n .

As shown in Fig. 5 or Fig. 6, wherein L 1it is the distance that distance between the first fulcrum and shaft coupling 1 refers to the first pivot distance shaft coupling 1 end face.

Realized the calculating of the adjustment height to regulating shaft fulcrum place adjustment pad by above-mentioned steps, the regulated quantity needing to regulate adjustment spacer thickness can be determined accurately.Thus avoid in power transmission shaft adjustment process, regulate repeated measurement after the thickness of pad, repeatedly regulate.Simplify regulating step, ensure that degree of regulation simultaneously.

In step 4) middle guarantee reference axis invariant position, according to the Δ H obtained 1, Δ H 2Δ H n, regulate the thickness of the adjustment pad of first corresponding bearing in fulcrum to the n-th fulcrum place on regulating shaft;

If dehisce under between two shaft couplings 1 being, then reduce the thickness of the adjustment pad of bearing; If dehisce between two shaft couplings 1 being, then increase the thickness of the adjustment pad of bearing; Thus make the coaxial of the shaft coupling 1 on regulating shaft and the shaft coupling 1 on reference axis.

Specifically as shown in Figure 5, dehisce under in figure between two shaft couplings 1 being, now can be known by figure: Δ H n=X n+ Y+a perpendicular.Can find out that the height of support of the 1st fulcrum to the n-th fulcrum is all higher than reference for installation simultaneously, therefore need to reduce bearing in the process regulated.When dehiscing under therefore between two shaft couplings 1 being, then reduce the thickness deltat H of the adjustment pad of bearing n=X n+ Y+a perpendicular.

As shown in Figure 6, dehisce in figure between two shaft couplings 1 being, now can be known by figure: Δ H n=X n+ Y+a perpendicular.Can find out that the height of support of the 1st fulcrum to the n-th fulcrum is all lower than reference for installation simultaneously, therefore need to raise bearing in the process regulated.When dehiscing on therefore between two shaft couplings 1 being, then increase the thickness deltat H of the adjustment pad of bearing n=X n+ Y+a perpendicular.

In above-mentioned steps, first ensure the invariant position of reference axis, thus avoid the position of reference axis in the process of regulating shaft being carried out to position adjustments to change, cause the impact on degree of regulation.Avoid simultaneously and regulate the position of reference axis and regulating shaft to realize the trouble of centering simultaneously; Simplify regulating step.

In sum by above-mentioned steps 1)-step 4) shafting installation aligning method of the present invention is by the installation centering process of axle system, detect the end face deviation of shaft coupling 1 in the horizontal direction and on vertical direction and radial missing, regulate in the horizontal direction according to the end face deviation in horizontal direction and radial missing simultaneously, regulate according to the end face deviation on vertical direction and radial missing in the vertical direction; Thus while ensureing Adjustment precision, realize the installation centering of axle system; Further in the vertical direction passes through when regulating to calculate the adjustment thickness that can be adjusted pad accurately; Thus centering step can be simplified.Therefore shafting installation aligning method of the present invention, simplifies step, simple to operate, while the time reducing shafting installation centering, ensure that degree of regulation.

To the radial missing a on the vertical direction between two shaft couplings 1 perpendicular, radial missing a in horizontal direction water, end face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicularand the end face deviation S in horizontal direction waterwhen measuring, can be accomplished in several ways, measure separately as by amesdial.

In order to improve detection efficiency, as shown in figs 1 to 6, step 1) described in measurement mechanism adopt two dial gauges, i.e. the first dial gauge 3 and the second dial gauge 4;

Radial missing a on described measurement vertical direction perpendicular, radial missing a in horizontal direction water, end face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicularand the end face deviation S in horizontal direction watercomprise the following steps:

A, the first dial gauge 3 and the second dial gauge 4 are installed on dial indicator holder 2;

B, dial indicator holder 2 is arranged on the shaft coupling 1 on reference axis and reconciles in the shaft coupling 1 on axle on any one rotary shaft coupling 1;

C, rotation shaft coupling 1 make the first dial gauge 3 be positioned at the extreme higher position of vertical direction, this position are set to 0 ° of position, detect radial missing a now 1, then along clockwise or rotate counterclockwise 90 °, 180 °, 270 ° positions and a detected successively 2, a 3, a 4; In like manner detected the end face deviation of 0 °, 90 °, 180 °, 270 ° position by the second dial gauge 4: S 1, S 2, S 3, S 4;

After d, dial gauge rotating 360 degrees, arrive a according to what detect 1, a 2, a 3, a 4, S 1, S 2, S 3, S 4; Whether checking shaft coupling 1 meets technical requirement;

If: | a 1|+| a 3|=| a 2|+| a 4|, | s 1|+| s 3|=| s 2|+| s 4|, and radial missing with be less than end face deviation | S 1-S 3| with | S 2-S 4|, be less than the technical requirement of regulation simultaneously, then carry out step e; Otherwise change shaft coupling 1, repeat step b to d;

E, a by detecting 1, a 2, a 3, a 4calculate:

Radial missing on vertical direction radial missing in horizontal direction

By the S detected 1, S 2, S 3, S 4calculate:

End face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicular=| S 3-S 1|; End face deviation S in horizontal direction water=| S 4-S 2|.

In step a and step b, checkout gear is installed, ready for detecting data.By detecting radial missing and end face deviation 0 °, 90 °, 180 °, 270 ° positions in step c, thus by less test point, the radial missing in vertical and horizontal both direction and end face deviation can be detected, decrease workload.

Verify detecting the data obtained in steps d, thus can ensure that the shaft coupling 1 be arranged on power transmission shaft is qualified products, ensure that the end face of shaft coupling 1 is plane, carry out installing in the process of centering the impact of discharging shaft coupling 1 mismachining tolerance and bringing in shaft.

By calculating the radial missing a finally obtained on vertical direction in step e perpendicular, radial missing a in horizontal direction water, end face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicularand the end face deviation S in horizontal direction water.

By above-mentioned detection method, due to the first dial gauge 3 and the second dial gauge 4 are installed on dial indicator holder 2 simultaneously, therefore can realize detecting carrying out the first dial gauge 3 and the second dial gauge 4 in the process detected simultaneously, can increase work efficiency.Simplify detection operation by step c, d and step e simultaneously, ensure that accuracy of detection.

Embodiment

As shown in Figure 2, be the centering schematic diagram of motor shaft and power transmission shaft.Shafting installation aligning method of the present invention is adopted to carry out centering to machine shaft and power transmission shaft.

As shown in Figure 2, first needing two connecting axles carrying out connecting install shaft coupling 1; Then realize centering is installed by following steps.

1) determine that power transmission shaft is reference axis, machine shaft is regulating shaft, by the shaft coupling 1 on measurement mechanism measuring and adjusting axle relative to the radial missing a on shaft coupling 1 vertical direction on reference axis perpendicular, radial missing a in horizontal direction water, end face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicular, end face deviation S in horizontal direction water; End face deviation S on described vertical direction perpendicularrefer to the deviation between minimum point and peak on shaft coupling 1 end face vertical direction;

End face deviation S in described horizontal direction waterdeviation between the intersection referring to shaft coupling 1 end face and horizontal middle section two-end-point in the horizontal direction.

Described measurement mechanism adopts two dial gauges, i.e. the first dial gauge 3 and the second dial gauge 4.Radial missing a on described measurement vertical direction perpendicular, radial missing a in horizontal direction water, end face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicularand the end face deviation S in horizontal direction watercomprise the following steps:

A, the first dial gauge 3 and the second dial gauge 4 are installed on dial indicator holder 2;

B, dial indicator holder 2 is arranged on the shaft coupling 1 on reference axis and reconciles in the shaft coupling 1 on axle on any one rotary shaft coupling 1; In the present embodiment, dial indicator holder 2 is arranged on the shaft coupling 1 on machine shaft.

C, as shown in Figure 3, rotates shaft coupling 1 and makes the first dial gauge 3 be positioned at the extreme higher position of vertical direction, this position is set to 0 ° of position, detect radial missing a now 1, then a detected successively along forwarding 90 °, 180 °, 270 ° positions to clockwise or counterclockwise 2, a 3, a 4; In like manner detected the end face deviation of 0 °, 90 °, 180 °, 270 ° position by the second dial gauge 4: S 1, S 2, S 3, S 4; Be illustrated in figure 4 the final result detecting and obtain, a 1=0mm, a 2=0.26mm, a 3=0.40mm, a 4=-0.14mm, S 1=0.32mm, S 2=0.06mm, S 3=0mm, S 4=-0.26mm.

After d, dial gauge rotating 360 degrees, arrive a according to what detect 1, a 2, a 3, a 4, S 1, S 2, S 3, S 4; Whether checking shaft coupling (1) meets technical requirement;

If: | a 1|+| a 3|=| a 2|+| a 4|, | s 1|+| s 3|=| s 2|+| s 4|, and radial missing with be less than end face deviation | S 1-S 3| with | S 2-S 4|, be less than the technical requirement of regulation simultaneously, then carry out step e; Otherwise change shaft coupling 1, repeat step b to d;

Verify as follows:

|a 1|+|a 3|=|a 2|+|a 4|=0.40mm,|s 1|+|s s|=|s 2|+|s 4|=0.32mm,

| a 1 - a 3 | 2 = 0.2 m m , | a 2 - a 4 | 2 = 0.2 m m ,

|S 1-S 3|=0.32mm,|S 2-S 4|=0.32mm

The technical requirement specified in the present embodiment is that deviation is less than 0.5mm; Because therefore 0.2 < 0.32 < 0.5 detects data fit requirement.

E, a by detecting 1, a 2, a 3, a 4calculate:

Radial missing on vertical direction radial missing in horizontal direction

By the S detected 1, S 2, S 3, S 4calculate:

End face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicular=| S 3-S 1|=0.32mm; End face deviation S in horizontal direction water=| S 4-S 2|=0.32mm.

2) according to the radial missing a in the horizontal direction detected waterend face deviation S in=-0.2mm and horizontal direction water=0.32 position regulating reference axis or regulating shaft in horizontal plane, makes the axis of the shaft coupling 1 on the shaft coupling 1 of regulating shaft and reference axis be positioned at same perpendicular;

3) according to the end face deviation S on the vertical direction detected perpendicular=0.32 and vertical direction on radial missing a perpendicularthe regulated quantity Δ H of the adjustment pad of the first fulcrum to the n-th fulcrum place bearing of=0.2mm difference Calculation Basis axle 1, Δ H 2Δ H n;

Described Δ H n=X n+ Y+a perpendicular

Wherein, described X nrefer to the regulated quantity of the n-th fulcrum relative to the first fulcrum of regulating shaft, Y refers to that the axis of regulating shaft regulates side-play amount;

wherein D is the diameter of shaft coupling 1, L nit is the level interval between the n-th fulcrum and the first fulcrum;

wherein L 1it is the distance between the first fulcrum and shaft coupling 1;

As shown in Figure 2, in the present embodiment, the fulcrum of motor transmission shaft only has two fulcrums the Ith fulcrum and the IIth fulcrum, therefore only need calculate Δ H 1with Δ H 2.

L in figure 1=600mm, L 2=3000mm, D=400mm, due to n be greater than or equal to 2 integer, and described X nrefer to the regulated quantity of the n-th fulcrum relative to the first fulcrum of regulating shaft,

Therefore have:

X 1=0

Y = X 2 &times; L 1 L 2 = 2.4 &times; 600 3000 = 0.48 m

Δ H 1=X 1+ Y+a perpendicular=0+0.48m+0.2mm=0.68mm

Δ H 2=X 2+ Y+a perpendicular=2.4mm+0.48m+0.2mm=3.08mm

4) reference axis invariant position is ensured, according to the Δ H obtained 1=0.68mm, Δ H 2=3.08mm, regulates the thickness of the adjustment pad of the corresponding bearing of the Ith corresponding fulcrum and the IIth fulcrum place;

Due to a 1=0mm, a 3=0.40mm, illustrates that the radial missing of original motor is dehisce under between two shaft couplings 1 being, namely original motor is than the center height 0.2mm of equipment;

COMPREHENSIVE CALCULATING is analyzed known, for making two half-couplinves not only parallel but also concentric, and being adjusted to of final vertical direction:

At fulcrum I time, reducing spacer thickness is Δ H 1=X 1+ Y+a perpendicular=0+0.48m+0.2mm=0.68mm

At fulcrum II time, reducing spacer thickness is Δ H 2=X 2+ Y+a perpendicular=2.4mm+0.48m+0.2mm=3.08mm

Thus make the coaxial of the shaft coupling 1 on regulating shaft and the shaft coupling 1 on reference axis.

Claims (2)

1. shafting installation aligning method, is characterized in that comprising step: carry out at needs two connecting axles connecting install shaft coupling (1); Further comprising the steps of:
1) determine that an axle in two connecting axles is reference axis, another root is regulating shaft, by the shaft coupling (1) on measurement mechanism measuring and adjusting axle relative to the radial missing a on shaft coupling (1) vertical direction on reference axis perpendicular, radial missing a in horizontal direction water, end face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicular, end face deviation S in horizontal direction water;
End face deviation S on described vertical direction perpendicularrefer to the deviation between minimum point and peak on shaft coupling (1) end face vertical direction;
End face deviation S in described horizontal direction waterdeviation between the intersection referring to shaft coupling (1) end face and horizontal middle section two-end-point in the horizontal direction;
2) according to the radial missing a in the horizontal direction detected waterand the end face deviation S in horizontal direction waterin horizontal plane, regulate the position of reference axis or regulating shaft, make the axis of the shaft coupling (1) on the shaft coupling of regulating shaft (1) and reference axis be positioned at same perpendicular;
3) according to the end face deviation S on the vertical direction detected perpendicularand the radial missing a on vertical direction perpendicularcalculate the regulated quantity Δ H of the adjustment pad of the first fulcrum to the n-th fulcrum place bearing of regulating shaft respectively 1, Δ H 2Δ H n;
Described Δ H n=X n+ Y+a perpendicular
Wherein, described X nrefer to the regulated quantity of the n-th fulcrum relative to the first fulcrum of regulating shaft, Y refers to that the axis of regulating shaft regulates side-play amount; N be greater than or equal to 2 integer;
wherein D is the diameter of shaft coupling (1), L nit is the level interval between the n-th fulcrum and the first fulcrum;
wherein L 1it is the distance between the first fulcrum and shaft coupling (1);
4) reference axis invariant position is ensured, according to the Δ H obtained 1, Δ H 2Δ H n, regulate the thickness of the adjustment pad of first corresponding bearing in fulcrum to the n-th fulcrum place on regulating shaft;
If dehisce under between two shaft couplings (1) being, then reduce the thickness of the adjustment pad of bearing; If dehisce between two shaft couplings (1) being, then increase the thickness of the adjustment pad of bearing; Thus make the coaxial of the shaft coupling (1) on the shaft coupling on regulating shaft (1) and reference axis.
2. shafting installation aligning method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: step 1) described in measurement mechanism adopt two dial gauges, i.e. the first dial gauge (3) and the second dial gauge (4);
Radial missing a on described measurement vertical direction perpendicular, radial missing a in horizontal direction water, end face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicularand the end face deviation S in horizontal direction watercomprise the following steps:
A, the first dial gauge (3) and the second dial gauge (4) are installed on dial indicator holder (2);
B, dial indicator holder (2) is arranged on the shaft coupling (1) on reference axis and reconciles in the shaft coupling (1) on axle on any one rotary shaft coupling (1);
C, rotation shaft coupling (1) make the first dial gauge (3) be positioned at the extreme higher position of vertical direction, this position are set to 0 ° of position, detect radial missing a now 1, then along clockwise or rotate counterclockwise 90 °, 180 °, 270 ° positions and a detected successively 2, a 3, a 4; In like manner detected the end face deviation of 0 °, 90 °, 180 °, 270 ° position by the second dial gauge (4): S 1, S 2, S 3, S 4;
After d, dial gauge rotating 360 degrees, arrive a according to what detect 1, a 2, a 3, a 4, S 1, S 2, S 3, S 4; Whether checking shaft coupling (1) meets technical requirement;
If: | a 1|+| a 3|=| a 2|+| a 4|, | s 1|+| s 3|=| s 2|+| s 4|, and radial missing with be less than end face deviation | S 1-S 3| with | S 2-S 4|, be less than the technical requirement of regulation simultaneously, then carry out step e; Otherwise change shaft coupling (1), repeat step b to d;
E, a by detecting 1, a 2, a 3, a 4calculate:
Radial missing on vertical direction radial missing in horizontal direction
By the S detected 1, S 2, S 3, S 4calculate:
End face deviation S on vertical direction perpendicular=| S 3-S 1|; End face deviation S in horizontal direction water=| S 4-S 2|.
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CN111250802A (en) * 2020-02-28 2020-06-09 重庆机床(集团)有限责任公司 Double-station machine tool workpiece spindle positioning method and device

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