CN105123336B - Efficient circulation facility plastic greenhouse and animals and plants mixed cultivation method - Google Patents

Efficient circulation facility plastic greenhouse and animals and plants mixed cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105123336B
CN105123336B CN201510556565.2A CN201510556565A CN105123336B CN 105123336 B CN105123336 B CN 105123336B CN 201510556565 A CN201510556565 A CN 201510556565A CN 105123336 B CN105123336 B CN 105123336B
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China
Prior art keywords
canopy
window
connection
port
solar energy
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CN201510556565.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105123336A (en
Inventor
王鸿磊
张雪松
吉智
耿梦迪
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Xuzhou Hongquan Internet of things Technology Co., Ltd
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Xuzhou College of Industrial Technology
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/243Collecting solar energy
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/245Conduits for heating by means of liquids, e.g. used as frame members or for soil heating
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates
    • A01K67/0331Snails
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of efficient circulation facility plastic greenhouse and animals and plants mixed cultivation method, it is related to a kind of greenhouse.The present invention includes Yang Peng, cloudy canopy and pond;Solar energy photovoltaic panel and solar energy heating pipe are provided with wall;Solar energy photovoltaic panel connects battery by inverter;Cistern is provided with below soil in cloudy canopy, water pump is installed in cistern, water pump connects a port of a three-way valve, second port of three-way valve connects the water inlet of solar energy heating pipe, 3rd interface of three-way valve connects a port of a water mixing valve, second port of water mixing valve connects the delivery port of solar energy heating pipe, the 3rd port connection three-way connection (pipe) road of water mixing valve, valve switch is provided with each pipeline, wherein pipeline connects positive canopy air-cooling fin all the way, the two positive canopy soil radiating tubes of road pipeline connection, the cloudy canopy air-cooling fin of three-way connection (pipe) road connection;The delivery port of positive canopy air-cooling fin, positive canopy soil radiating tube and cloudy canopy air-cooling fin is connected to cistern by pipeline.

Description

Efficient circulation facility plastic greenhouse and animals and plants mixed cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of greenhouse, specifically a kind of efficient circulation facility plastic greenhouse animals and plants mixed cultivation method.
Background technology
The northern area of China winter temperature is relatively low, and warmhouse booth plants the gourd, fruit and vegetable of north of china in winter can as one kind Can, at present, mostly using coal is burnt, being radiated by flue improves greenhouse problem for warmhouse booth heating, or with boiler as thermal source Equipment, by the coal that burns, oil, is so incensed that heat, and green house of vegetables is heated by radiator, and radiator form is free convection Radiating, radiating efficiency is relatively low, it is desirable to which thermal source coolant-temperature gage is higher, therefore it is larger to consume energy, while boiler combustion discharge carbon dioxide etc. Its gas is polluted to environment, while also resulting in a large amount of wastes of the energy;On the other hand, the soil moisture in the winter north is also non- It is often low, if do not heated to soil, also it is unfavorable for the growth of crop.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art, the present invention to provide a kind of efficient circulation facility plastic greenhouse animals and plants and mix
Close cultural method, comprehensive utilization greenhouse soil, beneficial to the growth of crop.
The present invention is realized with following technical scheme:A kind of efficient circulation facility plastic greenhouse, including Yang Peng, in the back of the body of Yang Peng Positive side is provided with cloudy canopy, and a wall is set between Yang Peng and cloudy canopy;It is characterized in that:Pond is provided with the day side of Yang Peng;In wall Body is provided with solar energy photovoltaic panel and solar energy heating pipe;Described solar energy photovoltaic panel connects battery by inverter; Cistern is provided with below soil in cloudy canopy, water pump is installed in cistern, water pump connects a port of a three-way valve, three-dimensional Second port of valve connects the water inlet of solar energy heating pipe, and the 3rd interface of three-way valve connects an end of a water mixing valve Mouthful, second port of water mixing valve connects the delivery port of solar energy heating pipe, and the 3rd port of water mixing valve connects three-way connection (pipe) road, Valve switch is provided with each pipeline, wherein the positive canopy air-cooling fin of pipeline connection all the way, the two positive canopy soil of road pipeline connection Radiating tube, the cloudy canopy air-cooling fin of three-way connection (pipe) road connection;Positive canopy air-cooling fin, positive canopy soil radiating tube and cloudy canopy air dissipate The delivery port of backing is connected to cistern by pipeline;Positive canopy air-cooling fin is arranged on the surrounding of Yang Peng, positive canopy soil radiating Pipe is embedded in positive canopy soil, and cloudy canopy air-cooling fin is arranged on the surrounding of cloudy canopy;Wall two sides is incubated and waterproof, is set on wall There is window;Yang Peng sections are domed, along the longitudinally disposed multiple upper windows in the frame cambered surface top of Yang Peng, window bottom on each Frame on be correspondingly arranged window, all of lower window connects a windowing facility, all of windowing dress of upper window connection one Put;Described windowing facility includes part of data acquisition and executable portion;
Described part of data acquisition includes microprocessor and the temperature sensor, the humidity sensor that are connected with microprocessor Device, optical sensor and CO2Sensor;
Described executable portion includes multiple support bars and a power set, and the top of each support bar is installed one and positioned Set, installs a drive gear on each positioning sleeve;Described power set include a motor and power transmission shaft, motor output end A reductor is connected, one end connection reductor of power transmission shaft, the other end of power transmission shaft is sequentially connected all drive gears;Each One gear ring being meshed with drive gear is installed on individual window;Upper window and lower window are arranged on greenhouse by a fixing axle On frame, upper window and lower window are rotated clockwise or counterclockwise around its fixing axle;
Microprocessor controls the motor and light compensating apparatus of connection water pump, windowing facility, sunshade by control element.
A kind of animals and plants mixed cultivation method using above-mentioned greenhouse,
Lobster and fish are cultivated in pond, inside there is oxygen pump;
Plantation grape, herbage is planted between adjacent two plants of grapes in positive canopy;
Plastic sheeting room is built in cloudy canopy, the north wall in plastic sheeting builds 45 degree of slight slopes, slight slope level is wide by 2 Rice, by the withered trunk of north wall frame, cultivates snail in plastic sheeting room
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Comprehensive utilization greenhouse soil, beneficial to the growth of crop.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic structural view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is water pump attachment structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is windowing facility structural representation;
Fig. 5 is executable portion structural representation;
Fig. 6 is that animals and plants mix cultivation flow chart.
Specific embodiment
As shown in figures 1 and 3, a kind of efficient circulation facility plastic greenhouse, including positive canopy 14, cloudy canopy is provided with the back of the body sun side of Yang Peng 17, a wall 22 is set between positive canopy 14 and cloudy canopy 17;Pond 13 is provided with the day side of positive canopy 14;It is provided with too on wall 22 Positive energy photovoltaic panel 15 and solar energy heating pipe water tank 16;Described solar energy photovoltaic panel connects battery by inverter; Soil lower section is provided with cistern 21 in cloudy canopy, and water pump is provided with cistern, and positive canopy air-cooling fin is set in the surrounding of Yang Peng 19, sun canopy soil radiating tube 18 is buried in positive canopy soil, in the surrounding of cloudy canopy, cloudy canopy air-cooling fin 20 is set;22 liang of wall Face is incubated and waterproof, and wall is provided with window.It is electric by after accumulators store that solar energy photovoltaic panel 15 sends, to greenhouse Electrical equipment is powered.
As shown in fig. 6, pond can support lobster and fish, inside there is oxygen pump;Yang Peng plants grape, is planted between adjacent two plants of grapes Herbage;Cloudy canopy cultivates snail.Multiple greenhouses are arranged side by side, weather board is provided with cloudy canopy, flowed into rainwater by weather board Another greenhouse the south pond, pond can support lobster or fish.
As shown in Fig. 2 because positive canopy is domed, more by south in canopy, canopy body is not suitable for planting grape, more closer to ground It is adapted to planting forage grass(Witloof, rye grass).There is a wall in the middle of Yang Peng and cloudy canopy, wall is high 2.4-2.8 meters, and wall two sides is protected Gentle waterproof, has a fan window 23 at interval of 8 meters.Wall upper horizontal plane has one 30 degree of inclination angles inclined-plane, slope level face 1.6 southwards Rice, inclined-plane is incubated, and warming plate 8cm is thick.Insulation quilt is fixed in inclined-plane with arched roof face intersection.
Cloudy canopy is high 2.2 meters, wide 3 meters, and north wall has a fan window at interval of 8 meters, is corresponded with the window on wall.In cloudy canopy Plastic sheeting room is built, there are two purposes, first, 23~30 DEG C of keeping temperature and humidity air humidity 60%~90%;Raise Native humidity 40% or so;PH is 5~7.Second, prevent snail from climbing to Yang Peng.North wall in plastic sheeting builds 45 degree of soil Slope, slight slope level is wide 2 meters, by the withered trunk of north wall frame, is creeped growth for snail, and snail eats and stays on branch, and excrement can fall into 45 Degree slight slope, is good organic fertilizer.
The general winter frozen soil layer in Xuzhou Area is 0.15 meter, therefore positive canopy subsurface surrounding builds 0.5 meter of a circle heat-insulated guarantor high Warm layer, is incubated beneficial to the soil moisture in positive canopy.Positive canopy soil radiating tube is laid on lower 0.2 meter of positive canopy soil, positive canopy soil radiating Pipe uses U-tube(Radiating or cold scattering are completed according to the outer temperature height of temperature relevant tube in pipe).
One 2 meters high 2 meters of cistern wide is built at 5 meters of cloudy canopy subsurface, surrounding carries out waterproof and insulation, cistern upper end With 3 meters of soil layers high of cloudy canopy ground separation.It is incubated by soil, it is Celsius that the lower underground water water temperature in 3 meters of Xuzhou Area is maintained at 14 throughout the year Degree left and right.As shown in figure 3, cistern has 2 water pipes in addition to running water water inlet pipe, one goes out one enters, and an outlet pipe connects three through water pump To a port of valve, second port of three-way valve connects the water inlet of solar energy heating pipe, the 3rd interface of three-way valve Connect a port of a water mixing valve, second port of water mixing valve connects the delivery port of solar energy heating pipe, the of water mixing valve Three ports connection three-way connection (pipe) road, valve switch is provided with each pipeline, wherein the positive canopy air-cooling fin of pipeline connection all the way, The two positive canopy soil radiating tubes of road pipeline connection, the cloudy canopy air-cooling fin of three-way connection (pipe) road connection;Positive canopy air-cooling fin, positive canopy soil The delivery port of radiating tube and cloudy canopy air-cooling fin is connected to cistern by pipeline;3 loops of the above have control valve to control Whether water flows into, and is easy to that positive canopy air, positive canopy soil, the temperature of cloudy canopy air is adjusted as desired.
As shown in figure 4, along the longitudinally disposed multiple upper windows 8 in frame cambered surface top of Yang Peng, the bottom of window 8 on each Window 2 are correspondingly arranged on frame 7, all of lower window connects a windowing facility, all of windowing dress of upper window connection one Put;Described windowing facility includes part of data acquisition and executable portion.
As shown in figure 5, executable portion includes multiple power set of support bar 1 and, the top of each support bar 1 is installed One positioning sleeve, installs a drive gear 4 on each positioning sleeve 3;Described power set include a motor 10 and power transmission shaft 9, The output end of motor 10 connects a reductor 11, and one end connection reductor 11 of power transmission shaft 9, the other end of power transmission shaft 9 connects successively Connect all drive gears 4;One gear ring 6 being meshed with drive gear is installed on each window;Upper window 8 and lower window 2 It is arranged on the frame 7 of greenhouse by a fixing axle 5, upper window and lower window turn clockwise or counterclockwise around its fixing axle Dynamic part of data acquisition includes microprocessor and the temperature sensor, humidity sensor, the illumination sensing that are connected with microprocessor Device and CO2Sensor;Microprocessor in part of data acquisition controls opening for motor in executable portion by control element Or close.Motor 10 and reductor 11 are arranged on a bearing bar 12.Additionally, being connected with encoder on motor 10.
Support bar below lower window is arranged on frame highest point * 0.5;Support bar below upper window installs highest point * 0.9。
Motor is slowed down by reductor, drive shaft controls drive gear, driving gear drives gear ring, by the shifting of gear ring Move open and shut the window or switch lower window;Alternating current generator rotational travel, control windowing size are detected by encoder.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of efficient circulation facility plastic greenhouse, including Yang Peng, cloudy canopy is provided with the back of the body sun side of Yang Peng, is set between Yang Peng and cloudy canopy One wall;It is characterized in that:Pond is provided with the day side of Yang Peng;Solar energy photovoltaic panel is provided with wall and solar energy adds Heat pipe;Described solar energy photovoltaic panel connects battery by inverter;Cistern, cistern are provided with below soil in cloudy canopy Water pump is inside installed, water pump connects a port of a three-way valve, second port connection solar energy heating pipe of three-way valve Water inlet, the 3rd interface of three-way valve connects a port of a water mixing valve, second port connection solar energy of water mixing valve The delivery port of heating tube, the 3rd port connection three-way connection (pipe) road of water mixing valve, is provided with valve switch, wherein one on each pipeline The positive canopy air-cooling fin of road pipeline connection, the two positive canopy soil radiating tubes of road pipeline connection, the cloudy canopy air radiating of three-way connection (pipe) road connection Piece;The delivery port of positive canopy air-cooling fin, positive canopy soil radiating tube and cloudy canopy air-cooling fin is connected to retaining by pipeline Pond;Positive canopy air-cooling fin is arranged on the surrounding of Yang Peng, and positive canopy soil radiating tube is embedded in positive canopy soil, cloudy canopy air-cooling fin It is arranged on the surrounding of cloudy canopy;Wall two sides is incubated and waterproof, and wall is provided with window;Yang Peng sections are domed, along Yang Peng The longitudinally disposed multiple upper windows in frame cambered surface top, window is correspondingly arranged each on the frame of window bottom, it is all Lower window connect a windowing facility, all of upper window connects a windowing facility;Described windowing facility includes data acquisition Part and executable portion;
Described part of data acquisition include microprocessor and be connected with microprocessor temperature sensor, humidity sensor, Optical sensor and CO2Sensor;
Described executable portion includes multiple support bars and a power set, and a positioning sleeve is installed on the top of each support bar, One drive gear is installed on each positioning sleeve;Described power set include a motor and power transmission shaft, and motor output end connects A reductor is connect, one end connection reductor of power transmission shaft, the other end of power transmission shaft is sequentially connected all drive gears;At each One gear ring being meshed with drive gear is installed on window;Upper window and lower window are arranged on the canopy of greenhouse by a fixing axle On frame, upper window and lower window are rotated clockwise or counterclockwise around its fixing axle;
Microprocessor controls the motor and light compensating apparatus of connection water pump, windowing facility, sunshade by control element.
2. efficient circulation facility plastic greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Wall is high 2.4-2.8 meters.
3. efficient circulation facility plastic greenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Support bar below lower window is arranged on Frame highest point * 0.5;Support bar below upper window is arranged on highest point * 0.9.
4. the animals and plants mixed cultivation method of any described greenhouses of a kind of use claim 1-3, it is characterised in that:In pond Cultivation lobster and fish, inside there is oxygen pump;
Plantation grape, herbage is planted between adjacent two plants of grapes in positive canopy;
Plastic sheeting room is built in cloudy canopy, the north wall in plastic sheeting builds 45 degree of slight slopes, slight slope level is wide 2 meters, By the withered trunk of north wall frame, snail is cultivated in plastic sheeting room.
CN201510556565.2A 2015-09-01 2015-09-01 Efficient circulation facility plastic greenhouse and animals and plants mixed cultivation method Active CN105123336B (en)

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CN105875475B (en) * 2016-04-26 2019-02-01 遵义石林水产养殖有限责任公司 A kind of flowing water high yield fish farming system
CN107372313A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-11-24 安徽省霍山县水口寺农业有限公司 A kind of method of greenhouse cultivation ox calf
CN108391616A (en) * 2018-03-29 2018-08-14 华南理工大学 It is a kind of can Water warfare recycle greenhouse cultivation system
CN110663462A (en) * 2019-10-12 2020-01-10 沈阳农业大学 Pond overwintering method for crayfishes

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Effective date of registration: 20200420

Address after: No. 310, university student Pioneer Park, north of Dongsheng Street, Suicheng Town, Suining County, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Xuzhou Hongquan Internet of things Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: 221000 Jiangsu Province, Gulou District of Xuzhou City Xiang Wang Road No. 1

Patentee before: XUZHOU COLLEGE OF INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY