CN105112080B - A solar pyrolysis reactor - Google Patents

A solar pyrolysis reactor Download PDF

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CN105112080B
CN105112080B CN201510540174.1A CN201510540174A CN105112080B CN 105112080 B CN105112080 B CN 105112080B CN 201510540174 A CN201510540174 A CN 201510540174A CN 105112080 B CN105112080 B CN 105112080B
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system
pyrolysis
solar
tube
temperature sensor
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CN105112080A (en
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杨选民
邱凌
邱洪臣
王雅君
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西北农林科技大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels
    • Y02E50/14Bio-pyrolysis
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10General improvement of production processes causing greenhouse gases [GHG] emissions
    • Y02P20/12Energy input
    • Y02P20/133Renewable energy sources
    • Y02P20/134Sunlight

Abstract

本发明公开了一种太阳能热解反应装置,由热解系统、动力系统、传送系统、监控系统和辅助系统组成。 The present invention discloses a solar pyrolysis reactor, the pyrolysis system, power system, transmission system, monitoring system and auxiliary systems. 本发明通过槽式抛物面反射镜聚焦太阳直射光,以真空集热管为吸收器,发明一种将太阳能直通式金属‑玻璃真空集热管和生物质热解反应器相结合的新型生物质热解反应装置。 The present invention is direct sun light focused by parabolic trough mirror to the absorber as a vacuum tube, an inventive solar straight metal - material and the hot glass vacuum tube new biomass raw solutions combined thermal reactor hydrolysis reaction device. 以太阳能为热源,直接将生物质热解,生成生物燃气、生物炭、木醋液和木焦油。 In solar energy as a heat source, direct biomass pyrolysis, generating biogas, bio-carbon, wood vinegar and wood tar. 用于新农村社区能源供应和现代生态农业领域。 For energy supply and modern agriculture new rural community ecology.

Description

一种太阳能热解反应装置 A solar pyrolysis reactor

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及一种太阳能热解反应装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a solar thermal decomposition reaction apparatus.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]能源危机已成为世界性的问题,是制约当今社会经济发展的瓶颈。 [0002] energy crisis has become a worldwide problem, restricting the current social and economic development bottleneck. 常规化石能源储量有限且不可再生,而且化石能源的使用也造成了严重的环境污染和生态破坏,能源结构的变革势在必行,因此,如何合理开发利用可再生能源已经成为人类进入21世纪以后面临的新课题。 Conventional fossil energy reserves are finite and non-renewable, and the use of fossil fuels also caused serious environmental pollution and ecological damage, change the energy structure is imperative, therefore, how rational development and utilization of renewable energy sources has become part of the mankind enters the 21st century the new task facing.

[0003]在众多可再生能源中,具有广泛使用价值的是太阳能和生物质能。 [0003] Among renewable energy sources, with the widespread use of solar energy and biomass value. 太阳能作为一种可再生的新能源,具有清洁、环保、持续、长久的优势,成为人们应对能源短缺、气候变化与节能减排的重要选择之一。 Solar energy as a renewable new energy, a clean, environmentally friendly, sustainable, long-term advantages, as people cope with energy shortages, climate change and energy conservation one of the important choice. 而生物质能就是太阳能以化学能形式贮存在生物质中的能量形式,它直接或间接地来源于绿色植物的光合作用,可转化为常规的固态、液态和气态燃料,取之不尽、用之不竭。 Biomass is solar energy in the form of stored energy in the form of chemical energy in the biomass, which is derived from the photosynthesis of green plants, directly or indirectly, it can be converted into conventional solid, liquid and gaseous fuels, inexhaustible, with inexhaustible. 生物质能源一直是人类赖以生存的重要能源,它是仅次于煤炭、石油和天然气而居于世界能源消费总量第四位的能源,在整个能源系统中占有重要地位。 Biomass energy has always been important to human life energy, it is second only to coal, oil and natural gas while living in the fourth world total energy consumption of energy, plays an important role in the whole energy system. [0004]太阳能的利用主要集中在太阳能热利用与太阳能发电等领域。 [0004] The use of solar energy mainly in the field of solar thermal and solar power. 太阳能热利用工程主要包括太阳热水、太阳房、太阳灶、采暖与空调、制冷、太阳能千燥和工业用热等领域。 Solar thermal projects including solar hot water, solar house, solar cookers, heating and air conditioning, refrigeration, solar process heat and dry in other areas. 太阳能发电主要包括太阳能热发电与太阳能光伏发电等形式。 Including solar power generation and solar heat in the form of solar photovoltaic power generation. 太阳能热发电是利用聚光集热器将太阳辐射能转换成热能并通过热力循环持续发电的技术,主要有塔式系统、槽式系统和碟式系统等不同形式的示范装置,其中槽式技术相对更为成熟。 Concentrating solar thermal power generation using solar collectors to convert radiation energy into heat and power generation through continuous thermodynamic cycle in the art, the main tower system, trough system and disc systems and other forms of exemplary apparatus, wherein the trough technology relatively more mature. 太阳能光伏发电是根据光生伏特效应原理,利用太阳电池将太阳光能直接转化为电能。 Solar photovoltaic power generation based on the principle of photovoltaic effect, the use of solar cells solar energy directly into electricity. 但是,太阳能热利用技术存在热损失快,无法大规模长期储存的问题;太阳能发电存在投入成本高,发电间歇性、不可预测性等特点,使得光伏电站并网存在很大困难,同时对电网的电能质量、安全、稳定、可靠运行提出了巨大挑战,因此,目前难以大规模投入实际应用。 However, the use of solar thermal technology faster heat loss, not large-scale long-term storage problems; solar power generation there is a high input costs, intermittent electricity, unpredictability characteristics, which make photovoltaic power plants and grid there is a big difficulty, while the grid power quality, safe, stable and reliable operation presented a huge challenge, therefore, is difficult to put into large-scale practical application.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005]针对上述现有技术中存在的问题与缺陷,本发明的目的在于提供针对太阳能无法规模化储存和运输,太阳能发电投入成本高,发电间歇性、不可预测性、并网困难的现状,本发明以生物质热解的强吸热过程为转化契机,利用太阳能提供热量对生物质进行热解,生成高品质生物燃气和生物炭,解决了太阳能稳定性差、储存难的问题,极大提高了生物燃气的最终产量提供了一种太阳能和生物质能耦合的能源利用系统。 [0005] In view of the above prior art problems and defects, an object of the present invention to provide a solar not scale for storage and transport, the cost of solar power into high, intermittent generation, unpredictability, and the web difficult situation, in the process of the present invention strongly endothermic pyrolysis of the biomass conversion opportunity to use solar energy to provide heat for the pyrolysis of biomass to produce high quality biogas and bio-char to solve the difference in solar stability, storage difficult problem, greatly increase the final yield of biogas is provided a solar energy utilization system and biomass coupled.

[0006]实现上述发明目的技术方案是一种风光热耦合热解反应装置,由主热解系统、热量补给系统、动力系统、传送系统、监控系统和辅助系统组成,所述的主热解系统由槽式太阳能反光镜、真空集热器玻璃外管、热解反应装置金属内管和金属内管的外壁吸热涂层组成,所述的热解反应装置金属内管为从封头到轴承间的整体不锈钢钢管,在有真空集热器玻璃外管的部分覆上吸热涂层,真空集热器玻璃外管和热解反应装置金属内管间呈真空状0 [0006] The technical solution to achieve the above object of the invention is a pyrolysis reaction of one scenery thermally coupling means, a main pyrolysis system, heat supply systems, power systems, transmission systems, control systems and auxiliary systems, the primary pyrolysis system an outer tube solar trough mirrors, glass vacuum collector, the pyrolysis reaction heat absorbing means and the outer wall of the metal pipe metal pipe coating composition within the pyrolysis reactor from the metal pipe to the bearing head stainless steel pipe between the integral, vacuum tube-shaped outer part of the vacuum heat-absorbing coating is covered with a glass collector, between the inner tube and the outer vacuum pyrolysis reactor collector metal tube glass apparatus was 0

[0007] 所述的热量补给系统由风力发电系统、太阳能发电系统、蓄电池组、逆变器和电加热丝组成,所述的蓄电池组的电力输出由控制系统调节,电加热丝缠绕在热解反应装置金属内管上; [0007] The heat supply system of the wind power generation system, a solar power generation system, battery, inverter and electric heating filaments, the power output of the battery pack is adjusted by the control system, the electric heating wire wound around the pyrolysis a metal inner tube reaction apparatus;

[0008] 所述的动力系统由变频电机、减速器和万向节组成,所述的变频电机根据控制系统输送的信号来调整转速,所述的变频电机通过减速器与万向节相连接,万向节另一端与送料主轴相连接。 Power system [0008] by the inverter motor, a speed reducer and a universal joint consisting of said inverter motor to adjust the speed of the conveying system in accordance with a control signal, said inverter motor through a speed reducer and a universal joint is connected to universal joint and the other end is connected to the feed spindle.

[0009] 所述的传送系统由封头、送料主轴、螺旋送料装置和轴承组成,所述的送料主轴, 螺旋送料装置焊接在送料主轴上,其螺旋线由封头处起,到炭粉收集箱处终止。 Delivery system [0009] according to a head, the feed shaft, a screw feed device and a bearing consisting of said feed shaft, a screw feed device is welded to the feed spindle, which helical line starting from the head office, to the toner collecting termination box office.

[0010] 所述的监控系统由控制系统、1号温度传感器、2号温度传感器和号温度传感器组成,所述的1号温度传感器检测物料进口区温度,2号温度传感器检测物料中段温度,3号温度传感器检测物料末端温度,并将温度信号传送到控制系统,由控制系统输出信号控制变频电机的转速和蓄电池组的输出功率; Monitoring System [0010] by the control system, a temperature sensor No. 1, No. 2 and the temperature sensor the temperature sensors, the temperature sensor No. 1 material inlet zone temperature, the temperature sensor 2 detects the temperature of the material in the middle, 3 No temperature sensor detects the temperature of the end of the material, and the temperature signal to the control system, the output power of the battery pack and the speed of the motor by the inverter control system outputs control signals;

[0011] 所述的辅助系统由进料口和炭粉收集箱组成,所述的进料口、出气口和炭粉收集箱分别焊接在热解反应装置金属内管左端上边、右端上边和右端下边。 Assist [0011] from the feed port of the collection tank and a toner composition, said feed inlet, outlet, and carbon powder collection tank are welded at the upper left end of the tube reactor the pyrolysis of metal, right upper and right below.

[0012] 生物质能的利用主要分为直接利用与间接(转化)利用。 [0012] The use of biomass is divided into indirect and direct use (converted) use. 其中,生物质能的转化利用主要包括了热化学转化利用和生物化学转化利用。 Wherein the conversion includes the use of biomass thermochemical and biochemical conversion using a conversion use. 生物质能的热化学转化利用主要包括直接燃烧、热解、气化和液化等。 Using thermochemical conversion of biomass including direct combustion, pyrolysis, gasification, and liquefaction. 生物质热解是指在无氧或低氧环境下,生物质被加热升温引起分子分解产生焦炭、可冷凝液体和气体产物的过程。 Biomass pyrolysis refers to the absence of oxygen or low oxygen environment, the biomass is heated up due to decomposition of molecules char, condensable process liquid and gaseous products. 生物质热解技术是生物质能研究的世界前沿技术之一,该技术能将秸秆等生物质转化为高品质的易储存、易运输、能量密度高的生物炭和生物燃气,可用于新农村社区能源供应,同时还可生成木醋液和木焦油两种天然的农用化学品替代物,可广泛应用于现代生态农业中。 Pyrolysis of biomass is one of the world's cutting-edge technology of biomass energy research, the technology capable of straw and other biomass into high-quality easy to store, easy to transport, high energy density biochar and bio-gas, can be used for new countryside community energy supply, but can also generate wood vinegar and wood tar two natural alternatives to agrochemicals, it can be widely used in modern ecological agriculture. 因此,生物质热解技术是生物质能的一种重要利用形式。 Thus, pyrolysis of biomass is an important form of biomass utilization. 生产过程中,生物质热解需要在450〜500°C高温下进行,目前主要将生成的可燃气体作为燃料,来加热热解反应装置,本应成为新农村社区集中供气的终端产品浪费在生产过程中,无法实现其价值最大化。 Production process, the raw materials required pyrolysis at 450~500 ° C temperature, mainly the generated combustible gas as a fuel to heat the pyrolysis reactor, the end product should be a new supply of waste in rural communities concentrated in the production process, can not achieve its maximum value.

[0013]本发明提出一种以太阳能为热源,通过槽式抛物面反射镜聚焦太阳直射光,将太阳能真空集热管和生物质热解反应器相结合,形成一种新型太阳能热解反应装置,该装置既是太阳能真空集热吸收器,同时也是生物质热解反应器。 [0013] The present invention provides a solar-heat, direct sun light focused by the parabolic mirror trough, vacuum tube solar and biomass pyrolysis reactors combined to form a new type of solar pyrolysis reaction apparatus, which It means both solar vacuum absorber, but also the raw material of the pyrolysis reactor. 由此,将太阳能和生物质能以生物燃气和生物炭的形式储存下来,实现能源的高效转化和高值利用。 Thereby, the solar energy is saved as a biomass and biogas and bio-char, and a high conversion efficient use of energy values. 同时,生成的木醋液和木焦油应用于现代生态农业中,起到环境保护和提质增产的效果。 At the same time, the resulting wood vinegar and wood tar used in modern ecological agriculture, environmental protection and upgrading play the effect of increasing production.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014]图1为本发明太阳能热解反应装置的结构示意图。 [0014] Fig 1 a schematic view of the structure of a solar pyrolysis reaction apparatus of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0015]图1给出了本发明太阳能热解反应装置的结构示意图,由热解系统、动力系统、传送系统、监te系统和辅助系统组成,其特征在于,所述的热解系统由槽式太阳能反光镜16、 真空集热器玻璃外管15、热解反应装置金属内管13和金属内管的外壁吸热涂层14组成,其中热解反应装置金属内管I3为从封头1〇到轴承is间的整体不锈钢钢管,在有真空集热器玻璃外管的部分覆上吸热涂层,真空集热器玻璃外管15和热解反应装置金属内管13间呈真空状态; [0015] FIG. 1 shows the schematic structure of the solar pyrolysis reaction apparatus of the present invention, the pyrolysis systems, power systems, transmission systems, monitoring systems and auxiliary systems te, wherein said groove by the pyrolysis system solar mirror 16, an outer glass vacuum tube collector 15, pyrolysis reaction apparatus and the outer wall of the metal tube 13 within the heat absorbing coating composition of the metal pipe 14, the pipe I3 ​​wherein pyrolysis reactor from the metal head 1 square stainless steel pipe between the integral bearing iS, the portion of the outer tube has a vacuum heat-absorbing collector covered glass coating 15 and the metal within the device pyrolysis reaction tube 13 in a vacuum state outside the vacuum tube collector glass;

[0016] 所述的动力系统由变频电机1、减速器8和万向节9组成,其中变频电机1根据控制系统2输送的信号来调整转速,从而控制生物质物料的输送速度,变频电机1通过减速器8与万向节9相连接,万向节另一端与送料主轴11相连接。 [0016] The power system 1 by an inverter motor, reducer joint 8 and 9, where a variable frequency motor speed is adjusted according to the signal delivery control system 2 to control the conveying speed of the biomass materials, an inverter motor 8 reducer 9 connected by a universal joint, a universal joint and the other end of the main shaft 11 is connected to the feed.

[0017] 所述的传送系统由封头1 〇送料主轴11、螺旋送料装置12和轴承18组成,其中送料主轴11 一端与万向节9相连,另一端在轴承1S处固定,螺旋送料装置12焊接在送料主轴11 上,其螺旋线由封头10处起,到炭粉收集箱17处终止。 Delivery system [0017] the transmission by the head 1 billion feed spindle 11, a screw feed device 12 and the bearings 18, where the feed shaft 11 one end connected to a universal joint 9, and the other end fixed to the bearing 1S, the screw feed device 12 welded to the feed shaft 11, which is a helix starting from the head 10, 17 to terminate at a toner collection box.

[0018] 所述的监控系统由控制系统2、1号温度传感器4、2号温度传感器5和3号温度传感器6组成,其中1号温度传感器检测物料进口区温度,2号温度传感器检测物料中段温度,3号温度传感器检测物料末端温度,并将温度信号传送到控制系统2,由控制系统2输出信号控制变频电机1的转速。 Monitoring System [0018] by a control system of the temperature sensor 2, No. 4, No. 5 and temperature sensor 6 composed of the temperature sensor 3, No. 1 wherein the inlet zone temperature sensor for detecting the temperature of the material, a temperature sensor for detecting the material No. 2 Middle temperature, the temperature sensor 3 detects the end of the material temperature, and the temperature signal to the control system 2, 2 from the output signal of variable frequency motor speed control system 1 is controlled.

[0019]所述的辅助系统由进料□ 3、出气口7和炭粉收集箱17组成,所述的进料口3、出气口7和炭粉收集箱17分别焊接在热解反应装置金属内管13左端上边、右端上边和右端下边。 Assist [0019] The feed by □ 3, 7 and outlet port 17 composed of carbon powder collecting tank, the feed opening 3 and the outlet port 7 carbon powder collection tank 17 are welded to the metal in the pyrolysis reactor the inner tube 13 the upper left, upper right and lower right. [0020]所述的进料口3焊接在热解反应装置金属内管13上,且两者相通,进料口3为生物质物料的进口,生物质物料在进料口3处及其下方的热解反应装置金属内管13内堆积,将热解反应装置金属内管13的后端形成密闭空间。 [0020] The feed inlet 3 pyrolysis welded metal tube reaction apparatus 13, and communicates both inlet feed port 3 of the biomass materials, and at 3 below the feed inlet in the biomass material in the pyrolysis reactor bulk metal tube 13, the rear end of the pyrolysis reactor within a metal tube sealed space 13 is formed. 出气口7为生物质热解气体的排气口,经后续冷凝、分离、净化工序后生成生物燃气、木醋液和木焦油。 An air outlet exhaust port 7 of the pyrolysis gases living material, by subsequent condensation, separation, generating biogas, wood vinegar and wood tar after purification step. 炭粉收集箱17用于储存生物质热解反应后的炭粉。 Toner tank 17 for storing toner collected after biomass pyrolysis reaction.

[0021]槽式太阳能反光镜上固定有多个条形反射镜,并整体组合成抛物面形状,太阳光照射其上后,光线被反射聚集到真空集热器玻璃外管上,经真空层和吸热涂层,最终汇聚到热解反应装置金属内管,实现对管内生物质的加热目的。 [0021] Solar trough fixed on a plurality of strip-shaped mirrors of the mirror, and integrally combined into a parabolic shape, after which the sunlight, reflected light is gathered on the outer glass vacuum tube collector, through a vacuum layer and heat absorbing coating, eventually converge to the pyrolysis reaction apparatus inside a metal tube, to achieve the purpose of heating the biomass of the inner tube. 通过3个温度传感器的检测信号, 经控制系统判断后输出信号来调整变频电机转速,使得3号传感器处温度始终保持在400°C 〜450°C区间范围内。 3 by the detection signal of the temperature sensors, the output signal frequency to adjust the control system determines the motor speed, so that the temperature at the sensor 3 is always maintained at 400 ° C ~450 ° C interval range.

[0022]变频电机启动后,经减速器减速,通过万向节带动送料主轴,使得焊接在送料主轴上的螺旋送料装置转动,从而推动生物质物料定向输送。 After the [0022] start frequency motor, the gear reducer to drive the feed shaft by a universal joint, so that the weld screw conveying feed in the spindle turning device, so as to promote biomass material targeted delivery. 生物质物料由进料口进入热解反应装置金属内管,并在入口处堆积,使得热解反应装置金属内管形成隔绝空气的反应腔体, 螺旋送料装置缓速推进物料前行,在高温下持续热解,生成的热解混合气体经出气口排放到后续工序,经冷凝、分离、净化后生成生物燃气、木醋液和木焦油,生成的固体炭粉,落入炭粉收集箱内储存。 Biomass feed from the feed port into the pyrolysis reactor means a metal tube, and deposited at the inlet, such that the reaction chamber isolated from the air tube formed of metal pyrolysis reaction apparatus, a screw feed device before the retarder material advancing line, at an elevated temperature under continuous pyrolysis, generating a mixed gas of pyrolysis is discharged to the subsequent step through the outlet, condensed, separated, generating biogas, wood vinegar and wood tar after purification, the resulting solid carbon powder, charcoal powder falls within the collection box storage.

[0023]本发明以生物质转换为桥梁,把可再生能源生物质能和太阳能结合起来,利用太阳能加热,将生物质进行热解,得到生物燃气、生物质炭、木醋液和木焦油。 [0023] In the present invention, the biomass is converted to the bridge, the renewable solar energy and biomass combined use of solar heating, the pyrolysis of biomass, biogas obtained, biochar, wood vinegar and wood tar. 从而将太阳能和生物质能以能源和资源的形式储存下来。 And whereby the solar energy is saved as a biomass energy and resources. 解决了太阳能稳定性差,储存难的问题,提高了生物燃气的产量和利用质量。 Solar solve the poor stability and storage problems difficult to improve the quality of production and utilization of biogas. 生成的生物燃气可用于新农村社区集中供气,生物炭可为农村提供清洁能源,也可作为炭基肥用于农业生产,木醋液和木焦油是天然的农用化学品替代物,可广泛用于现代生态农业领域。 The biogas can be used to generate new centralized gas supply in rural communities, biochar can provide clean energy in rural areas, but also as a carbon base fertilizer used in agricultural production, wood vinegar and wood tar is a natural alternative to agricultural chemicals can be widely used modern ecological agriculture.

Claims (1)

1.一种太阳能热解反应装置,由主热解系统、热量补给系统动力系统、传送系统、监控系统和辅助系统组成,其特征在于,所述的主热解系统由槽式太阳能反光镜(10、真空集热器玻璃外管(15)、热解反应装置金属内管a3)和金属内管的外壁吸热涂层(14)组成,其中热解反应装置金属内管(13)为从封头(10)到轴承(18)间的整体不锈钢钢管,在有真空集热器玻璃外管的部分覆上吸热涂层,真空集热器玻璃外管(15)和热解反应装置金属内管(13) 间呈真空状态; 所述的热量补给系统由风力发电系统、太阳能发电系统、蓄电池组、逆变器和电加热丝组成,所述的蓄电池组的电力输出由控制系统调节,电加热丝缠绕在热反应装置金属内管上; 所述的动力系统由变频电机(1)、减速器(8)和万向节(9)组成,其中变频电机(1)根据控制系统(2)输送的信号来调整转速, 1. A solar thermal decomposition reaction apparatus, a main pyrolysis system, thermal system, power supply systems, transmission systems, control systems and auxiliary systems, characterized in that said primary pyrolysis system consists of a solar trough mirror ( 10, the outer glass vacuum tube collector (15), the tube a3) and the outer wall of the heat absorbing coating (14) within the inner metal tube is a pyrolysis reaction apparatus composed of a metal, wherein the metal pyrolysis reactor tube (13) from the stainless steel pipe between the integral head (10) to the bearing (18), the portion of the outer tube has a vacuum heat-absorbing coating is covered with a glass collector, the outer glass vacuum tube collector (15) and the pyrolysis reactor metal between the inner tube (13) in a vacuum state; the heat supply system of the wind power generation system, a solar power generation system, battery, inverter and electric heating filaments, the power output of the battery pack is adjusted by the control system, electrical heating wire is wound on the hot metal tube reaction apparatus; said power system by an inverter motor (1), a speed reducer and a universal joint (9) (8), wherein the inverter motor (1) the control system (2 ) to adjust the speed signal is supplied, 而控制生物质物料的输送速度,变频电机(1)通过减速器(8)与万向节(9)相连接,万向节另一端与送料主轴(11)相连接;所述的传送系统由封头(10)、送料主轴(11)、螺旋送料装置(12)和轴承(18)组成,其中送料主轴(11) 一端与万向节(9)相连,另一端在轴承(1S)处固定,螺旋送料装置(12)焊接在送料主轴(11)上,其螺旋线由封头(1〇)处起,到炭粉收集箱(丨7)处终止;所述的监控系统由控制系统(幻、1号温度传感器(4)、2号温度传感器(5)和3号温度传感器(6)组成,其中1号温度传感器检测物料进口区温度,2号温度传感器检测物料中段温度,3号温度传感器检测物料末端温度,并将温度信号传送到控制系统(2),由控制系统(2)输出信号控制变频电机(1)的转速;所述的辅助系统由进料口(3)、出气口(7)和炭粉收集箱(17)组成,所述的进料口(3)、出气口(7)和炭粉收集 And controlling the conveying speed of the biomass materials, inverter motor (1) is connected through a speed reducer and a universal joint (9) (8), the other end of the universal joint feed spindle (11) is connected; said transport system consists of head (10), the feed spindle (11), a screw feed device (12) and the bearing (18), wherein the feed spindle (11) is connected with a universal joint (9) and the other end in a bearing (1S) fixed at , a screw feed device (12) is welded to the feed shaft (11), starting from its head helix (1〇) at the toner collection box (Shu 7) terminates; the monitoring system by the control system ( magic, No. 1 temperature sensor (4), No. 2 temperature sensor (5) and 3 temperature sensor (6), where No. 1 temperature sensor for detecting the material inlet zone temperature, the 2nd temperature sensor for detecting the material in the middle temperature, 3 temperature temperature sensor for detecting the end of the transfer material, and the temperature signal to the speed control system (2), by a control system (2) an output signal of variable frequency control motor (1); a support system by said feed port (3), the outlet port (7), and carbon powder collecting tank (17), said inlet (3), outlet (7) and the collected carbon powder 箱(17)分别焊接在热解反应装置金属内管(13)左端上边、右端上边和右端下边。 Tank (17) are welded in the tube reactor the pyrolysis of metal (13) upper left, upper right and lower right.
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