CN105107605A - Straw and fecal mass pulverizer - Google Patents

Straw and fecal mass pulverizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105107605A
CN105107605A CN201510663880.5A CN201510663880A CN105107605A CN 105107605 A CN105107605 A CN 105107605A CN 201510663880 A CN201510663880 A CN 201510663880A CN 105107605 A CN105107605 A CN 105107605A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pulverizing chamber
secondary pulverizing
stalk
primary comminution
fan
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510663880.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王志强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN201510663880.5A priority Critical patent/CN105107605A/en
Publication of CN105107605A publication Critical patent/CN105107605A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/24Passing gas through crushing or disintegrating zone
    • B02C23/26Passing gas through crushing or disintegrating zone characterised by point of gas entry or exit or by gas flow path
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/24Passing gas through crushing or disintegrating zone
    • B02C23/32Passing gas through crushing or disintegrating zone with return of oversize material to crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/38Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy in apparatus having multiple crushing or disintegrating zones
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Crushing And Pulverization Processes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a straw and fecal mass pulverizer which comprises a primary pulverizing chamber, a secondary pulverizing chamber and a driving mechanism, wherein the primary pulverizing chamber and the secondary pulverizing chamber are communicated through a conveying channel, the primary pulverizing chamber is provided with an inclined feeding port, and the secondary pulverizing chamber is provided with a discharging port; pulverizing mechanisms are arranged in the primary pulverizing chamber and the secondary pulverizing chamber respectively, a fan mechanism right facing the conveying channel is further arranged in the primary pulverizing chamber, and the pulverizing mechanisms and the fan mechanism are connected with the driving mechanism through transmission mechanisms; a screen type jacket is further arranged in the secondary pulverizing chamber. The safety performance and the pulverizing efficiency of the pulverizer are improved.

Description

Stalk, excrement block pulverizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of pulverizer, particularly relate to a kind of stalk, excrement block pulverizer.
Background technology
Existing stalk crasher needs hand fed, is careless slightlyly just involved in machine by hand, the related stalk of arm, causes disability; Because crushed stalk fineness cannot be controlled, not completely crushed material easily blocks discharging opening, needs special messenger to keep an eye on, and employment cost is high.Owing to there is the defect of above-mentioned feeding and discharge method, both dangerous, and crush efficiency is low, cannot meet the need of market.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to for above-mentioned deficiency, provide that a kind of crush efficiency is high, the stalk of handling safety, excrement block pulverizer.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: stalk, excrement block pulverizer, comprise primary comminution room, secondary pulverizing chamber and driving mechanism, described primary comminution room is communicated with by feed track with secondary pulverizing chamber, and described primary comminution room is provided with inclination spout, and described secondary pulverizing chamber is provided with discharging opening; Described primary comminution room and secondary pulverizing chamber inside are respectively equipped with disintegrating mechanism, and described primary comminution indoor are also provided with just to the fan of described feed track, and described disintegrating mechanism and fan are all connected with driving mechanism by transmission mechanism; Screen mesh type chuck is also provided with in described secondary pulverizing chamber.
Further, relative with described discharging opening secondary pulverizing chamber housing is made cambered surface and links up smoothly with discharging opening.
Further, the disintegrating mechanism of described primary comminution indoor and fan are arranged at two sections, the front and back of same rotating shaft, and the disintegrating mechanism of described leading portion rotating shaft is the blade be intervally arranged around axle, and the fan of described back segment rotating shaft is around the uniform fan blade of axle.
Further, the inwall of described primary comminution room is provided with the ledger-plate staggered with described blade.
Further, the disintegrating mechanism in described secondary pulverizing chamber is specially: in rotating shaft, be provided with the projection that many rows are intervally arranged vertically, often arranges projection and is installed with a cross bar, and on described cross bar, interval is installed with the rejection tablet can rotated around cross bar.
Further, described primary comminution room and secondary pulverizing chamber are equipped with the upper cover that can open.
Or, cancel described fan, the blower fan be connected with described secondary pulverizing chamber be set.
Stalk of the present invention, excrement block pulverizer improve respectively to the feeding manner of existing pulverizer and discharge method: 1. owing to being provided with fan or blower fan, rely on wind-force effect that the material being placed in spout is sucked primary comminution indoor, avoid the artificial danger fed by material existing for primary comminution room; 2. the material reaching degree of grinding just allows to spill from screen mesh type chuck, solves the problem that existing pulverizer discharging is not smooth.More than improve the security performance not only increasing pulverizer, also improve the crush efficiency of pulverizer.
Accompanying drawing illustrates: concrete structure of the present invention is provided by following drawings and Examples:
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of stalk, excrement block pulverizer;
Fig. 2 is inside and outside portion, the front structural representation of primary comminution room;
Fig. 3 is inside and outside portion, the side structural representation of secondary pulverizing chamber;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that primary comminution room has upper cover;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that secondary pulverizing chamber has upper cover.
Legend: 1. primary comminution room, 11. ledger-plates, 12. leading portion rotating shafts, 13. blades, 14. fan blade, 15. back segment rotating shafts, 16. upper covers, 2. time level pulverizing chamber, 21. screen mesh type chucks, 22. cross bars, 23. rejection tablets, 24. projections, 25. rotating shafts, 26. discharging openings, 27. upper covers, 3. feed track, 4. spout, 5. motor.
Detailed description of the invention: the present invention by the restriction of following embodiment, can not determine concrete embodiment according to technical scheme of the present invention and actual conditions.
Embodiment 1: as Figure 1-3, stalk, excrement block pulverizer, comprise primary comminution room 1, secondary pulverizing chamber 2 and motor 5, and primary comminution room 1 is communicated with by feed track 3 with secondary pulverizing chamber 2, primary comminution room 1 is provided with inclination spout 4, and secondary pulverizing chamber 2 is provided with discharging opening 26; Inside, primary comminution room 1 is provided with disintegrating mechanism and fan, disintegrating mechanism and fan are arranged at two sections, the front and back of same rotating shaft, the leading portion rotating shaft 12 adjacent with spout 4 is provided with the blade 13 be intervally arranged around axle, the inwall of primary comminution room 1 is provided with the ledger-plate 11 staggered with blade 13, is just provided with around the uniform fan blade 14 of axle to the back segment rotating shaft 15 of feed track 3; Be provided with disintegrating mechanism in secondary pulverizing chamber 2, be specially: in rotating shaft 25, be provided with the projection 24 that many rows are intervally arranged vertically, often arrange projection 24 and be installed with a cross bar 22, on cross bar 22, interval is installed with the rejection tablet 23 can rotated around cross bar 22; Screen mesh type chuck 21 is also provided with in secondary pulverizing chamber 2; Above two rotating shafts 15,25 are connected with motor 5 respectively by belt.
During work, starter motor 5, drive rotating shaft 12, 15, 25 quick rotation, by stalk, the materials such as excrement block are placed on spout 4, due to rotating shaft 15 quick rotation, fan blade 14 fast rotational in primary comminution room 1 produces huge wind-force, under wind-force effect, material is inhaled in primary comminution room 1 along the spout 4 tilted, meet disintegrating mechanism and carry out primary comminution, after material carries out primary comminution, weight significantly reduces, again under wind-force effect, send to secondary pulverizing chamber 2 from feed track 3, after the separating twice of secondary pulverizing chamber 2, the material reaching degree of grinding leaks to discharging opening 26 from screen mesh type chuck 21 discharges, the material not reaching degree of grinding continues to pulverize in secondary pulverizing chamber 2 cavity, discharge until reach degree of grinding.
In order to make discharging more smooth and easy, do following improvement: secondary pulverizing chamber 2 housing relative with discharging opening 26 is made cambered surface and link up smoothly with discharging opening 26.When comminuting matter falls from screen mesh type chuck 21, along cambered surface housing glide downwards, inertia automatic sliding can be relied on to discharging opening 26 place, realizes self-emptying, further increase work efficiency.
For ease of repair and maintenance, do following improvement: as illustrated in figures 4-5, primary comminution room 1 and secondary pulverizing chamber 2 are equipped with the upper cover 27 that can open.
Embodiment 2: the fan in embodiment 1 is cancelled, and replaces to the blower fan be connected with secondary pulverizing chamber 1.All the other are all identical with embodiment 1.
Above technical characteristic is only embodiments of the invention, can increase and decrease inessential technical characteristic according to actual needs, meet the needs of different situations.

Claims (7)

1. a stalk, excrement block pulverizer, comprise primary comminution room, secondary pulverizing chamber and driving mechanism, it is characterized in that: described primary comminution room is communicated with by feed track with secondary pulverizing chamber, described primary comminution room is provided with inclination spout, and described secondary pulverizing chamber is provided with discharging opening; Described primary comminution room and secondary pulverizing chamber inside are respectively equipped with disintegrating mechanism, and described primary comminution indoor are also provided with just to the fan of described feed track, and described disintegrating mechanism and fan are all connected with driving mechanism by transmission mechanism; Screen mesh type chuck is also provided with in described secondary pulverizing chamber.
2. stalk, excrement block pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the secondary pulverizing chamber housing relative with described discharging opening is made cambered surface and link up smoothly with discharging opening.
3. stalk, excrement block pulverizer as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: the disintegrating mechanism of described primary comminution indoor and fan are arranged at two sections, the front and back of same rotating shaft, the disintegrating mechanism of described leading portion rotating shaft is the blade be intervally arranged around axle, and the fan of described back segment rotating shaft is around the uniform fan blade of axle.
4. stalk, excrement block pulverizer as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: the inwall of described primary comminution room is provided with the ledger-plate staggered with described blade.
5. stalk, excrement block pulverizer as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: the disintegrating mechanism in described secondary pulverizing chamber is specially: in rotating shaft, be provided with the projection that many rows are intervally arranged vertically, often arrange projection and be installed with a cross bar, on described cross bar, interval is installed with the rejection tablet can rotated around cross bar.
6. stalk, excrement block pulverizer as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: described primary comminution room and secondary pulverizing chamber are equipped with the upper cover that can open.
7. stalk, excrement block pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: cancel described fan, arranges the blower fan be connected with described secondary pulverizing chamber.
CN201510663880.5A 2015-10-15 2015-10-15 Straw and fecal mass pulverizer Pending CN105107605A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510663880.5A CN105107605A (en) 2015-10-15 2015-10-15 Straw and fecal mass pulverizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510663880.5A CN105107605A (en) 2015-10-15 2015-10-15 Straw and fecal mass pulverizer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105107605A true CN105107605A (en) 2015-12-02

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510663880.5A Pending CN105107605A (en) 2015-10-15 2015-10-15 Straw and fecal mass pulverizer

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105772200A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-07-20 扬州大学 Biomass straw smashing and mixing device
CN106694193A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-24 山东源根化学技术研发有限公司 Waste cotton crushing device
CN113366981A (en) * 2021-06-23 2021-09-10 黑龙江省农业机械工程科学研究院齐齐哈尔农业机械化研究所 Crop straw feed divider

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3874604A (en) * 1972-11-16 1975-04-01 Gronbergs Gjuteri & Kvarnfab Apparatuses for disintegration of straw and similar material
CN2063847U (en) * 1989-11-15 1990-10-17 付祥正 Multi-stage pulverizer
CN2221444Y (en) * 1995-04-11 1996-03-06 山东省泗水县高峪农机厂 Small mill
CN2367390Y (en) * 1999-03-04 2000-03-08 黄小庭 Working piece of flail type crusher
CN102274780A (en) * 2011-04-20 2011-12-14 钱尧翎 Blade assembly for high speed biomass crusher
CN203803615U (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-09-03 天津市六合利农副产品初加工有限公司 Horizontal multistage pulverizer
CN204412423U (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-06-24 江西省大余章源竹木制品有限公司 A kind of stalk crasher for the production of wood plastic composite
CN205182904U (en) * 2015-10-15 2016-04-27 王志强 Straw, excrement piece rubbing crusher

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3874604A (en) * 1972-11-16 1975-04-01 Gronbergs Gjuteri & Kvarnfab Apparatuses for disintegration of straw and similar material
CN2063847U (en) * 1989-11-15 1990-10-17 付祥正 Multi-stage pulverizer
CN2221444Y (en) * 1995-04-11 1996-03-06 山东省泗水县高峪农机厂 Small mill
CN2367390Y (en) * 1999-03-04 2000-03-08 黄小庭 Working piece of flail type crusher
CN102274780A (en) * 2011-04-20 2011-12-14 钱尧翎 Blade assembly for high speed biomass crusher
CN203803615U (en) * 2014-04-20 2014-09-03 天津市六合利农副产品初加工有限公司 Horizontal multistage pulverizer
CN204412423U (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-06-24 江西省大余章源竹木制品有限公司 A kind of stalk crasher for the production of wood plastic composite
CN205182904U (en) * 2015-10-15 2016-04-27 王志强 Straw, excrement piece rubbing crusher

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105772200A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-07-20 扬州大学 Biomass straw smashing and mixing device
CN105772200B (en) * 2016-04-22 2017-11-28 扬州大学 A kind of biomass straw crushes and mixing device
CN106694193A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-05-24 山东源根化学技术研发有限公司 Waste cotton crushing device
CN113366981A (en) * 2021-06-23 2021-09-10 黑龙江省农业机械工程科学研究院齐齐哈尔农业机械化研究所 Crop straw feed divider
CN113366981B (en) * 2021-06-23 2022-11-18 黑龙江省农业机械工程科学研究院齐齐哈尔农业机械化研究所 Crop straw feed divider

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20151202

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication