CN105772200A - Biomass straw smashing and mixing device - Google Patents

Biomass straw smashing and mixing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105772200A
CN105772200A CN201610252861.8A CN201610252861A CN105772200A CN 105772200 A CN105772200 A CN 105772200A CN 201610252861 A CN201610252861 A CN 201610252861A CN 105772200 A CN105772200 A CN 105772200A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mixing
hopper
straw
pulverized
biomass straw
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610252861.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105772200B (en
Inventor
张瑞宏
梅庆
袁菁芸
缪宏
金亦富
郑再象
张燕军
刘思幸
张善文
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扬州大学
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Priority to CN201610252861.8A priority Critical patent/CN105772200B/en
Publication of CN105772200A publication Critical patent/CN105772200A/en
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Publication of CN105772200B publication Critical patent/CN105772200B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F15/00Accessories for mixers ; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F15/04Forming a predetermined ratio of the substances to be mixed
    • B01F15/0412Forming a predetermined ratio of two or more flows, e.g. using flow-sensing or flow controlling devices
    • B01F15/0416Forming a predetermined ratio of two or more flows, e.g. using flow-sensing or flow controlling devices using one or more pump or other dispensing mechanisms for feeding the flows in predetermined proportion, e.g. one of the pumps being driven by one of the flows
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F3/00Mixing, e.g. dispersing, emulsifying, according to the phases to be mixed
    • B01F3/20Pretreatment of the materials to be mixed
    • B01F3/2028Drying components, e.g. in order to mix them in solid state
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F3/00Mixing, e.g. dispersing, emulsifying, according to the phases to be mixed
    • B01F3/20Pretreatment of the materials to be mixed
    • B01F3/2071Grinding components
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F7/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders
    • B01F7/00008Stirrers, i.e. rotary stirring devices
    • B01F7/00233Configuration of the rotating mixing element
    • B01F7/0025Configuration of the rotating mixing element with arms, paddles, vanes or blades
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F7/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders
    • B01F7/00925Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders characterised by the orientation or disposition of the rotor axis, e.g. a plurality of mixing shafts with different or random orientation
    • B01F7/00958Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders characterised by the orientation or disposition of the rotor axis, e.g. a plurality of mixing shafts with different or random orientation with a plurality of rotation axis
    • B01F7/00975Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders characterised by the orientation or disposition of the rotor axis, e.g. a plurality of mixing shafts with different or random orientation with a plurality of rotation axis parallel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F7/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders
    • B01F7/02Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis
    • B01F7/04Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis with paddles, blades or arms
    • B01F7/041Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis with paddles, blades or arms comprising two or more shafts, e.g. in consecutive mixing chambers
    • B01F7/047Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles, i.e. movement of the receptacle not being meant to effect the mixing; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a horizontal or inclined axis with paddles, blades or arms comprising two or more shafts, e.g. in consecutive mixing chambers with all the shafts in the same receptacle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING, DISPERSING
    • B01F2215/00Auxiliary or complementary information in relation with mixing
    • B01F2215/0001Field of application of the mixing device
    • B01F2215/0042Mixing waste with other ingredients
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C2018/147Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers of the plural stage type

Abstract

The invention provides a biomass straw smashing and mixing device in the technical field of agricultural machines. The biomass straw smashing and mixing device comprises a first feeding channel, a coarse smashing machine, a fine smashing machine and a mixing device. The bottom end of the first feeding channel is connected with a hydraulic lifting device. The discharging end of the first feeding channel is connected with a second feeding channel. The discharging end of the second feeding channel is connected with a feeding port of the coarse smashing machine. A discharging port of the coarse smashing machine is connected with a first conveying channel. An infrared heating device is arranged on the outer wall of the first conveying channel. A discharging port of the first conveying channel is connected with a feeding port of the fine smashing machine. A discharging port of the fine smashing machine is connected with a second conveying channel in a communicating manner. The mixing device comprises a multi-channel hopper and a stirrer. A discharging port of the second conveying channel is connected with a feeding port of the multi-channel hopper. The bottom end of the multi-channel hopper is connected with a discharging proportion adjusting device. The stirrer is arranged under the multi-channel hopper. The biomass straw smashing and mixing device is high in smashing efficiency and good in smashing effect, the mixing uniformity of different kinds of powder is high, and the biomass straw smashing and mixing device can be applied to the work of straw smashing and mixing of different kinds of powder.

Description

A kind of biomass straw is pulverized and mixing device

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of pulverizing and mixing device, especially relate to the device that the straw powder material after biomass straw reducing mechanism and crushed stalk carries out with other powder mixing.

Background technology

China is large agricultural country, and annual agriculture waste biomass straw reaches 900,000,000 tons, and therefore, the comprehensive utilization of rural area abandoned biomass stalk resource has great importance.Straw/PVC composite is a kind of advanced composite material (ACM) of domestic and international rising in recent years, and it includes plastics and fiber, therefore has good processing characteristics, and this material also has the advantages such as good strength character, water resistance, decay resistance, long-life.Straw being made again to be utilized owing to straw moulding material has so many advantage, this just decides it and has a wide range of applications and development prospect.

Main and auxiliary to biomass straw and PVC powder etc. raw material must be sufficiently stirred for by straw/PVC composite before plasticizing, it is achieved homogenizing of raw material.The straw that current traditional forms of enterprises production straw/PVC composite adopts is all directly buy the straw powder material that drying and crushing is good, compared with directly utilizing the straw bundle reclaiming bundling, its cost substantially increases, additionally, due to transportation environment and weather reason, the technique that the stalk powder moisture value added often does not reach straw/PVC composite, cause product quality degradation, standard-required can not be met, preparing compound by the form weighed or experience before being mixed with PVC powder and other auxiliary agent by straw powder material, labor intensity is big;Additionally, still do not have a kind of straw bundle that can directly utilize field bundling recovery to carry out pulverizing and dry the device then carrying out mixing with PVC powder etc. at present both at home and abroad.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to for deficiency of the prior art, it is provided that a kind of biomass straw is pulverized and mixing device, and the crush efficiency of this device is high, good crushing effect, and the uniformity that straw powder material mixes with other powder is high, and labor intensity is little, easy to operate.

nullThe object of the present invention is achieved like this,A kind of biomass straw is pulverized and mixing device,Including movable feed channel one、Roughpulverizer、Slimer and mixing device,The bottom of described feed channel one is connected to the hydraulic lift for lifting feed channel one,The discharge end of described feed channel one is connected to movable feed channel two,The discharge end of feed channel two is connected with the charging aperture of Roughpulverizer,The discharging opening of described Roughpulverizer is connected to transfer passage one,The outer wall of described transfer passage one is provided with infrared heating device,The discharging opening of described transfer passage one and slimer,The discharging opening of described slimer interlinks and is connected to transfer passage two,Described mixing device includes multichannel hopper and blender,The discharging opening of described transfer passage two is connected with the charging aperture of multichannel hopper,The bottom of described multichannel hopper is connected to discharging ratio control device,Described blender is arranged on immediately below multichannel hopper.

nullWhen the present invention works,The straw bundle that field bundling reclaims is put on feed channel one,Straw bundle is upwards transmitted by feed channel one,When straw bundle is near the discharge end of feed channel one,Feed channel one is raised up and makes straw bundle enter smoothly in feed channel two by hydraulic lift,Feed channel two drives straw bundle to transmit to the discharge end direction of feed channel two,Straw bundle falls in Roughpulverizer,Straw bundle is once pulverized in Roughpulverizer,Straw after once pulverizing is fallen into the charging aperture of transfer passage one by the discharging opening of pulverizer,Transfer passage one is by the charging aperture of the straw transmission after pulverizing for the first time to slimer,Simultaneously,Straw is dried under the effect of infrared heating device,Straw after drying falls into slimer,Straw is carried out separating twice by slimer,Straw thoroughly becomes straw powder material,Straw powder material is transferred in the left channel in multichannel hopper under the effect of transfer passage two,Other passage has put other powder,Adjusting slider to suitable position to distribute the ratio of various powder,Powder falls in blender in self gravitation effect,Mixed powder is sufficiently stirred for by blender;Biomass straw is pulverized and is integrated in one from different powder hybrid workings by the present invention, the straw bundle of recovery can be directly utilized, reduce production cost, improve work efficiency, adopt twice disintegrating process, and after first pulverizing, course of conveying adopts infrared heating device to dry, final moisture content of straws is made to meet the batch mixing requirement of straw/PVC composite, dry first crushing straw is conducive to the further refinement of straw in finely divided process, improve crushed stalk rate, good crushing effect, discharging ratio control device is adopted to regulate the mixed proportion of various powders, meet different ratio requirement, solve those skilled in that art to want to solve the technical problem that always, can be applicable in the work of crushed stalk and different powder mixing.

As a further improvement on the present invention, described Roughpulverizer inwall being connected to auxiliary feeding apparatus, auxiliary feeding apparatus is arranged on the discharge outlet of feed channel two, and this design can make straw bundle fall into smoothly in Roughpulverizer.

As a further improvement on the present invention, auger one and auger two it is respectively equipped with in transfer passage one and transfer passage two, this design realizes the transmission of straw, and the transmission speed of auger one is the 1/3~1/2 of auger two transmission speed, and this design can reduce the moisture content of straw further.

In order to improve the crushing effect of straw further, Roughpulverizer and slimer are respectively equipped with rotating shaft one and rotating shaft two, the circumference of rotating shaft one is connected at least 4 crushing knife, rotating shaft two circumference is connected at least 6 crushing knife, the crushing knife on rotating shaft two at least many 2 than the crushing knife on rotating shaft one.

In order to improve the reliability of present invention work further, the rotating speed of rotating shaft one is the 1/3~2/3 of the rotating speed of rotating shaft two.

As a further improvement on the present invention, described multichannel hopper is the hopper having at least two passages, and the discharging opening of adjacency channel hopper is connected to hopper base plate, and each interchannel is mutually isolated, and this design can make different powder fall into before combination in blender simultaneously.

As a further improvement on the present invention, described discharging ratio control device includes movable baffle plate, the bottom of described hopper base plate has rail groove, movable baffle plate is connected to the slide block that can move left and right in rail groove, slide block is connected to mobile, the mixed proportion of this design scalable difference powder.

As a further improvement on the present invention, described blender includes shaft and controls agitator shaft speed and the motor turned to, this design can provide the power of stirring, in the direction of the width, shaft is at least interval with 2, and stirring between centers is parallel to each other and same highly setting, the rotation direction of adjacent shaft is contrary, in the longitudinal direction, shaft is placed with some groups of puddlers, being placed with at least 2 puddlers on the same circumference of shaft, be one group with the puddler on circumference, this design can improve the mixing homogeneity of mixed powder.

In order to improve the mixing homogeneity of mixed powder further, described puddler is provided with at least 2 stirring pawls that interval arranges and is crisscross arranged in a circumferential direction in the height direction.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of discharging ratio control device in the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the first internal structure schematic diagram of blender in the present invention.

Fig. 4 is the another kind of structural representation of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is the second internal structure schematic diagram of blender in the present invention.

Fig. 6 is the third internal structure schematic diagram of blender in the present invention.

Fig. 7 is the 4th kind of internal structure schematic diagram of blender in the present invention.

In figure, 1 feed channel one, 2 hydraulic lifts, 3 feed channels two, 4 Roughpulverizers, 5 rotating shafts one, 6 transfer passages one, 7 augers one, 8 augers two, 9 transfer passages two, 10 motors, 11 puddlers, 12 stirring pawls, 13 auxiliary feeding apparatus, 14 crushing knifes, 15 infrared heating devices, 16 slimers, 17 rotating shafts two, 18 multichannel hoppers, 19 discharging ratio control devices, 20 shafts, 21 blenders, 22 hopper base plates, 23 move handle, 24 rail grooves, 25 slide blocks, 26 movable baffle plates.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further illustrated.

nullA kind of biomass straw as shown in Figures 1 to 3 is pulverized and mixing device,Including movable feed channel 1、Roughpulverizer 4、Slimer 16 and mixing device,The bottom of feed channel 1 is connected to the hydraulic lift 2 for lifting feed channel 1,The discharge end of feed channel 1 is connected to movable feed channel 23,The discharge end of feed channel 23 is connected with the charging aperture of Roughpulverizer 4,Roughpulverizer 4 inwall is connected to auxiliary feeding apparatus 13,Auxiliary feeding apparatus 13 is arranged on the discharge outlet of feed channel 23,The discharging opening of Roughpulverizer 4 is connected to transfer passage 1,The outer wall of transfer passage 1 is provided with infrared heating device 15,The discharging opening of slimer 16 is connected to transfer passage 29,Auger 1 and auger 28 it is respectively equipped with in transfer passage 1 and transfer passage 29,The transmission speed of auger 1 is the 1/3 of auger 28 transmission speed,The discharging opening of transfer passage 29 is connected with the charging aperture of slimer 16,Roughpulverizer 4 and slimer 16 are respectively equipped with rotating shaft 1 and rotating shaft 2 17,On the circumference of rotating shaft 1, average mark is furnished with 4 crushing knifes 14,On the circumference of rotating shaft 2 17, average mark is furnished with 6 crushing knifes 14,The rotating speed of rotating shaft 1 is the 1/3 of the rotating speed of rotating shaft 2 17;Mixing device includes multichannel hopper 18 and blender 21, the bottom of multichannel hopper 18 is connected to discharging ratio control device 19, blender 21 is arranged on immediately below multichannel hopper 18, multichannel hopper 18 is the hopper of the passage mutually isolated containing two, the discharging opening of multichannel hopper 18 is connected to hopper base plate 22, the bottom of hopper base plate 22 is connected to discharging ratio control device 19, discharging ratio control device 19 includes movable baffle plate 26, the bottom of hopper base plate 22 has rail groove 24, movable baffle plate 26 is connected to the slide block 25 that can move left and right in rail groove 24, slide block 25 is connected to mobile 23;Blender 21 includes shaft 20 and controls shaft 20 rotating speed and the motor 10 turned to, shaft 20 is interval with 2 in the direction of the width, shaft 20 is parallel to each other and with highly arranging, the rotation direction of shaft 20 is contrary, in the longitudinal direction, shaft 20 is placed with some groups of puddlers 11, puddler 11 is evenly equipped with 2 on the same circumference of shaft 20,2 puddlers uniform on the same circumference of shaft 11 are one group, and puddler 11 is provided with 2 stirring pawls 12 that interval arranges and is circumferentially crisscross arranged in the height direction.

nullWhen the present invention works,The straw bundle that field bundling reclaims is put on feed channel 1,Straw bundle is upwards transmitted by feed channel 1,When straw bundle is near the discharge end of feed channel 1,Feed channel 1 is raised up and makes straw bundle enter smoothly in feed channel 23 by hydraulic lift 2,Feed channel 23 drives straw bundle to transmit to the discharge end direction of feed channel 23,Straw bundle is dragged in Roughpulverizer 4 under the effect of auxiliary feeding apparatus 13,Straw bundle is once pulverized in Roughpulverizer 4,Straw after once pulverizing is fallen into the charging aperture of transfer passage 1 by the discharging opening of pulverizer,Straw after once pulverizing slowly upwards transmits the charging aperture to slimer 16 under the effect of auger 1,Simultaneously,Straw is dried under the effect of infrared heating device 15,Straw after drying falls into slimer 16,Straw is carried out separating twice by slimer 16,Straw thoroughly becomes straw powder material,In the straw powder material left channel that relative auger one is quickly transmitted to multichannel hopper 18 under the effect of auger 28,Right channel has put PVC powder,Adjusting slider 25 to suitable position is to distribute the ratio of straw powder material and PVC powder,Powder falls in blender 21 in self gravitation effect,Motor 10 delivers power to shaft 20,Shaft 20 rotates,Puddler 11 rotates along with the rotation of shaft 20,Stirring pawl 12 relatively rotates along with the axis rotating relative shaft 20 of puddler 11,Realize being sufficiently stirred for of mixed powder;nullBiomass straw is pulverized and is integrated in one with batch mixing work by the present invention,The straw bundle of recovery can be directly utilized,Reduce production cost,Improve work efficiency,Adopt twice disintegrating process,And after first pulverizing, course of conveying adopts infrared heating device 15 to dry,Final moisture content of straws is made to meet the batch mixing requirement of straw/PVC composite,Dry first crushing straw is conducive to the further refinement of straw in finely divided process,Improve crushed stalk rate,Good crushing effect,Discharging ratio control device 19 is adopted to regulate the mixed proportion of various powder,Meet different ratio requirement,Blender 21 use two turn to the stirring pawl 12 being crisscross arranged on contrary shaft 20 and some puddlers 11 and puddler 11 to realize being sufficiently stirred for of mixed powder,The mixing homogeneity of mixed powder is high,Solve those skilled in that art to want to solve the technical problem that always,Can be applicable to biomass straw pulverize and in the work of batch mixing stirring.

Embodiment 2

A kind of biomass straw as shown in Figure 4 is pulverized and mixing device, is different in that with embodiment 1: multichannel hopper 18 is the hopper of the passage mutually isolated containing three, and on the circumference of rotating shaft 2 17, average mark is furnished with 6 crushing knifes 14.

Embodiment 3

A kind of biomass straw as shown in Figure 5 is pulverized and mixing device, is different in that with embodiment 1 and 2: puddler 11 is provided with 5 stirring pawls 12 that interval arranges and is crisscross arranged in a circumferential direction in the height direction.

Embodiment 4

A kind of biomass straw as shown in Figure 6 is pulverized and mixing device, being different in that with embodiment 1~3: shaft 20 is interval with 3 in the direction of the width, puddler 11 is provided with 2 stirring pawls 12 that interval arranges and is crisscross arranged in a circumferential direction in the height direction.

Embodiment 5

A kind of biomass straw as shown in Figure 7 is pulverized and mixing device, being different in that with embodiment 1~4: shaft 20 is interval with 3 in the direction of the width, puddler 11 is provided with 5 stirring pawls 12 that interval arranges and is crisscross arranged in a circumferential direction in the height direction.

Embodiment 6

Being different in that with embodiment 1~5, the transmission speed of auger 1 is the 1/2 of auger 28 transmission speed.

Embodiment 7

Being different in that with embodiment 1~6, the rotating speed of rotating shaft 1 is the 2/3 of the rotating speed of rotating shaft 2 17.

The invention is not limited in above-described embodiment; on the basis of technical scheme disclosed by the invention; those skilled in the art is according to disclosed technology contents; performing creative labour just need not can being made some replacements and deformation by some of which technical characteristic, these are replaced and deformation is all in scope.

Claims (9)

  1. null1. a biomass straw is pulverized and mixing device,It is characterized in that: include movable feed channel one、Roughpulverizer、Slimer and mixing device,The bottom of described feed channel one is connected to the hydraulic lift for lifting feed channel one,The discharge end of described feed channel one is connected to movable feed channel two,The discharge end of feed channel two is connected with the charging aperture of Roughpulverizer,The discharging opening of described Roughpulverizer is connected to transfer passage one,The outer wall of described transfer passage one is provided with infrared heating device,The discharging opening of described transfer passage one and slimer,The discharging opening of described slimer interlinks and is connected to transfer passage two,Described mixing device includes multichannel hopper and blender,The discharging opening of described transfer passage two is connected with the charging aperture of multichannel hopper,The bottom of described multichannel hopper is connected to discharging ratio control device,Described blender is arranged on immediately below multichannel hopper.
  2. 2. a kind of biomass straw according to claim 1 is pulverized and mixing device, it is characterised in that: being connected to auxiliary feeding apparatus on described Roughpulverizer inwall, auxiliary feeding apparatus is arranged on the discharge outlet of feed channel two.
  3. 3. a kind of biomass straw according to claim 2 is pulverized and mixing device, it is characterised in that: transfer passage one and be respectively equipped with auger one and auger two in transfer passage two, the transmission speed of auger one is the 1/3~1/2 of auger two transmission speed.
  4. 4. a kind of biomass straw according to claim 1 is pulverized and mixing device, it is characterized in that: Roughpulverizer and be respectively equipped with rotating shaft one and rotating shaft two in slimer, the circumference of rotating shaft one is connected at least 4 crushing knife, rotating shaft two circumference is connected at least 6 crushing knife, the crushing knife on rotating shaft two at least many 2 than the crushing knife on rotating shaft one.
  5. 5. a kind of biomass straw according to claim 3 is pulverized and mixing device, it is characterised in that: the rotating speed of rotating shaft one is the 1/3~2/3 of the rotating speed of rotating shaft two.
  6. 6. a kind of biomass straw according to claim 1 is pulverized and mixing device, it is characterised in that: described multichannel hopper is the hopper having at least two passages, and the discharging opening of adjacency channel hopper is connected to hopper base plate, and each interchannel is mutually isolated.
  7. 7. a kind of biomass straw according to claim 5 is pulverized and mixing device, it is characterized in that: described discharging ratio control device includes movable baffle plate, the bottom of hopper base plate has rail groove, movable baffle plate is connected to the slide block that can move left and right in rail groove, slide block is connected to mobile.
  8. 8. a kind of biomass straw according to claim 1 is pulverized and mixing device, it is characterized in that: described blender includes shaft and controls agitator shaft speed and the motor turned to, shaft is at least interval with 2, and stirring between centers is parallel to each other and same highly setting, in the longitudinal direction, shaft is placed with some groups of puddlers, the same circumference of shaft is placed with at least 2 puddlers, be one group with the puddler on circumference.
  9. 9. a kind of biomass straw according to claim 8 is pulverized and mixing device, it is characterised in that: described puddler is provided with at least 2 stirring pawls that interval arranges and is crisscross arranged in a circumferential direction in the height direction.
CN201610252861.8A 2016-04-22 2016-04-22 A kind of biomass straw crushes and mixing device CN105772200B (en)

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CN105772200B CN105772200B (en) 2017-11-28

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Cited By (5)

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CN106717675A (en) * 2016-12-30 2017-05-31 绵阳易简环保科技有限公司 Integrated form straw millstone
CN106900295A (en) * 2017-02-06 2017-06-30 江苏大学 A kind of two grades of straw chopping apparatus
CN107617471A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-01-23 查宇 One kind building monitoring cement solution block device
CN108097427A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-06-01 成都九芝堂金鼎药业有限公司 Improve the production system of medicine powder manufacture efficiency
CN108263816A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-07-10 甘肃润牧生物工程有限责任公司 A kind of roughage crushes and storage system

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