CN105102075A - Fire containment case for portable battery operated electronic devices - Google Patents

Fire containment case for portable battery operated electronic devices Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105102075A
CN105102075A CN201280078112.8A CN201280078112A CN105102075A CN 105102075 A CN105102075 A CN 105102075A CN 201280078112 A CN201280078112 A CN 201280078112A CN 105102075 A CN105102075 A CN 105102075A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shell
fire
suppresses
electron device
portable electron
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201280078112.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
乔治·霍华德·布里梅尔
Original Assignee
乔治·霍华德·布里梅尔
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 乔治·霍华德·布里梅尔 filed Critical 乔治·霍华德·布里梅尔
Priority to PCT/US2012/064404 priority Critical patent/WO2014074113A1/en
Publication of CN105102075A publication Critical patent/CN105102075A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62CFIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62C3/00Fire prevention, containment or extinguishing specially adapted for particular objects or places
    • A62C3/16Fire prevention, containment or extinguishing specially adapted for particular objects or places in electrical installations, e.g. cableways

Abstract

A case for portable laptop computers and the like including removed batteries to contain and control the bi-products of combustion associated with the unintentional and unexpected combustion of electronic component batteries typically occurring during the thermal runaway of the batteries. The fire containment case controls heat, flame and foxic gases associated therewith. The case has an airtight seal with integrated filters to trap and neutralize the smoke and gas released during combustion. A variety of heaf insulation both active and passive can be used along with condition status instruments, and fire suppression can also be provided in core construction and external adaption input suppression inlets.

Description

Fire for the electronic installation of portable battery-operated suppresses shell
Technical field
The heat and the fire that the present invention relates to the event of fire in the electrical equipment for being isolated in the quick vigorous combustion that caused by the fault due to electrical system suppress (containment) capsule.Assuming that the character of fuel cell that the autoxidation agent at high temperature sending nauseating cigarette with it is burnt, this type of portable set fire can be and is difficult to control and put out (extinguish).This type of fire can not easily put out, and them typically must be allowed self to burn totally voluntarily.
Background technology
The prior-art devices of this type is typically directed to the space around electronic equipment location in the case of fire or cabinet capsule.This type of capsule is mainly used to proterctive equipment from fire, but not suppresses and control fire in a device.The example of fire-resistant in relevant place (venue) or fire prevention capsule will be fire-resistant or file on fire protection cabinet, its by the content for the time cycle maintenance cabinet determined under given maximum temperature from influence of fire.Such as, see United States Patent (USP) 4,685,402,6,158,833,7,232,197,7,545,639 and the open 2009/0014188Al of the U.S..
Patent 4,685,402 sensings are a kind of for storing the fire-proof cabinet holding flimsy electronic data storage material, it is the structure of similar safety cabinet substantially, there is the internal side wall of heat insulation (insulated), to resist the fire from outside, therefore keep the general safety of content.
Patent 6,158, a kind of fire prevention of 833 request protection computer stored equipment, it is adiabatic cabinet, provides the protection making electronic data storage device from accident and environmental conditions.Cabinet has the heat-insulating material of multi-layer fireproofing and heat dissipation, to provide storage to the data be positioned in electronically readable device.
Patent 7; 232; 197 illustrate a kind of fire safety evaluating electronic data storage protective device; it is cabinet; to store the electronic data of such as compressed drive or CDROM holder; and be fire-proof construction, to prevent from, by the destruction of the fire will occurred in facility, therefore maintaining the integrality of storage backup copies within it.
Patent 7,545,639 point to a kind of refractory container, and it is with heat activated closure panel, which provides heat sensitive activation panel, automatically to close on the tap in the container of the air stream limited in it.Vessel Design becomes to store hard disk etc., and when external temperature reaches predetermined condition, by the refractory container of closing seam with the content in it.
Finally, in U.S. Patent Publication 2009/0014188, describe a kind of device, it is for holding the electrical equipment lighted, specifically, with the electronic installation of lithium ion battery.Capsule, by can standing heat and being formed for the material of textile properties, construct with the wing flap for its opening, so that once object is placed in inside, then therefore wing flap closes and by device accommodation within it.In addition, a pair fire-resistant and resistant to elevated temperatures gloves is provided to allow individual to catch device and to be inserted in flexible fabric bag by device.
Therefore, existing a kind of safety and the demand filling solid sealing reservation keeping system, using battery as the small intensity fire in this type of portable electric appts (as laptop computer, mobile phone, MP3 player etc.) of their main power source for occurring in.
Summary of the invention
A kind of fire suppresses shell, for receiving and fill solid portable electron device and their battery in case of fire selectively.Shell provides the airtight sealing capsule for the storage of device and the easy arrival of accommodation.Shell is anti-thermotectonics, to hold and to control the combustion product from the device so related to.The filter canister that the entirety that the casing equipment inner with storage is communicated with is combined and optional vacuum tank absorb and hold the smoke and gas body that burns.Shell suppresses thermal insulation to can be initiatively adiabatic and/or passive thermal insulation, to keep shell integrality.If needed, then external temperature measurer and fire compacting can be provided with outside arrival accessory, pressure gauge and gas vent.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the diagram perspective drawing of main suppression shell of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the front elevational view and the fragmentary sectional view that suppress shell structure, show in phantom alternative features associated with it.
Fig. 3 is the cross section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is its top plan view.
Fig. 5 is the perspective view of equipment conveying container.
Detailed description of the invention
With reference now to Fig. 1 of accompanying drawing, can see that the fire of the present invention for receiving the electronic equipment (not shown) caught fire suppresses shell 10.Shell 10 is suppressed to have main external shell 12, its hinge envelope portion 14 being limited with base portion 13 and having hinge component 14A.External shell 12 is preferably known size and the rectangular configuration of size, within it to settle and to receive multiple portable electric appts.As by being understood best by those skilled in the art, airtight sealing bead construction 15 is provided by respective periphery flange 13A and 13B of base portion 13 and envelope portion 14 and is formed.
Common locking (latch) system 16 is guaranteed envelope portion 14 fixing and housing 12 and gasket component 15 is filled solid, and will describe in more detail with alterative version hereinafter.
In principal mode of the present invention, internal unit storage shell 17 is formed in the external shell housing (casehousing) 12 of shell 10, and wherein thermal-flame flame-retardant heat insulating thing 18 is filled between interior storage shell 17 and external shell 12.As finding best in Fig. 5 of accompanying drawing, equipment storage and cask 19 are substantially rectangular configuration, and it has containing base plate panel 19A, respectively with vertical sidewalls of interconnects 20A and 20B and end wall 20C.The top panel 21 of one defines equipment conveying accepting regions 22 within it.Their respective opening parts that sidewall 20A and 20B is being limited by capsule are tapered, and capsule generally defines lateral edges spoon wherein.Folding line processing components 23 dress is affixed on top panel 21, and permission user catches and raises by top panel 21, for engaging and housing electronic equipment when catching fire.Cask 19 has the size of population of the size being less than storage shell 17, with the optional isolation tab 21A that the outside from sidewall 20A extends, to be accommodated in storage shell 17 slidably, and as in Fig. 2 of accompanying drawing with solid line and illustrated by dashed lines, spaced apart with the internal correlation of storage shell 17.
The thermal break 18 above described can be the passive static materials being selected from current commercially available multiple heat-insulating material, or is alternatively as active thermal material 18A illustrated in Fig. 2 of accompanying drawing.This type of absorption mutually that initiatively heat-insulating material has based on inorganic salts changes material, and it absorbs heat and therefore assistance keeps suppressing the skin temperature of shell housing 12.This type of phase transformation heat-insulating material is such as commercially available by PCMEnergyLtd.
Suppression shell 10 of the present invention has the gas and cigarette de-entrainment filter and keeping system 24 that the inside of receiving shell 17 with internal unit is communicated with.In this example, gas and cigarette system 24 are positioned in the closing section 14 of hinged thermal insulation, and multiple filter zone can be had, comprise such as primary particles filter 24A, gas cigarette filter 24B and optional chemical district filter 24C, to collect and to keep dangerous gas, as, carbon monoxide and cyanide, they produce by the material burned between main combustion period based on synthetic resin.Then the gas of process is expelled to air at 25 places by filter system 24.
Add the alternative that gas tank 26 of finding time can be used as the filter under negative pressure, to collect by being sealed in the gas suppressing the equipment in shell 10 to receive the electronic installation discharge of the unshowned burning in shell 17, as being illustrated as alternate gas gathering system with dotted line in Fig. 2 of accompanying drawing.
Assuming that fire control and the character putting out material can be changed, optional valve fitment 27 is provided, to allow to be communicated with the direct of equipment receiving room 17, bear the selection input of this type of fire fighting material (halogen from outside source, flame-retardant foam as pointed out by dotted line and alphabetical OS), thus fill shell 17 accepting regions, and carry out gas transfer combustion product via the discharge filter above described.
Auxiliary fire extinguishing system 28 can be seen in Fig. 2 of accompanying drawing, and it has water spray accessory 29, and water spray accessory 29 extends through the adiabatic envelope portion 14 receiving the shell 10 that shell 17 is communicated with equipment.Therefore water bottle WB shown in broken lines can be attached on water spray accessory 29, and manually compression is manually discharged in shell 17.
As additional alternative fire compacting place, close in case once shell is deposited at the equipment of location burning within it between the active operating period, then the alternative tank distributor mechanism 30 of adiabatic flame-retardant foam will be activated.This type of fire foam is discharged in corresponding equipment storage shell 17, effectively to control gas and temperature, and stamps out a fire, and is illustrated as the alternative compact system in Fig. 2 of the accompanying drawing in closing section 14 with dotted line.
As mentioned, alternative suppression cabinet 10 thermal break 18A can see in a part of Fig. 2 of accompanying drawing, as mentioned, which illustrates the location of hot phase-change material thermal break 18A against the inner surface S of the external shell 12 with conventional resistance to flame (flameproof) the thermal break 18B of one deck.In addition, the lining of resistance to flame 31 holds the inside receiving room limited by shell 17.
Gasket component 15 by a pair that extends around base portion 13 and the open end edge of closing section 14 respectively as mentioned microscler become joint flange 13A and 14A of the overall combination of continuous print of profile limit.In this example, O shape ring packing ring 32 fits in passage wherein, and provides airtight sealing betwixt when being engaged by locking assembly 16 as mentioned and filled solid.Those skilled in the art it will be clear that, alternative seal washer material can be used, e.g., the graphite material packing ring well in the principle of this area.The block sytem 16 of shell 10 is recognized as the torsion of so-called butterfly and grasps locking, to keep the air-tightness pressure tight seal between capsule 14 as described and base portion 13.Shell housing 12 constructs and is preferably defined as heat-resistant synthetic resin, because wherein keep the interior wall of shell 17 to be preferably aluminum, respectively with the inside and outside size of increase exceeding main size, as described above, main size is formed as to be enough to the electronic equipment receiving and keep to discuss.
Add the internal temperature that digital thermometer 33 indicates shell 17, can shown in dotted linely provide in envelope portion 14 for the state and removing confirming burning content.
Will as clear from the above description, in the parameter of suppression shell structure of the present invention, miscellaneous cause suppresses and putting out system also can.
In any such device fire, self-explantory is that the possibility of battery (not shown) in electronic equipment (not shown) can remove in the outlook of those skilled in the art, and in being included in independently and constructing for suppression shell 17 of the present invention as described previously.If possible, then provide more direct fire independent of battery isolated of device and suppress parameter, and by as mentioned only can covering wide scope potential flammable event arriving burning some situation under or available in battery status event.
Therefore, will it is seen that, illustrated and to have described for the new of portable electric appts and the fire of novelty suppresses shell, and to have it is evident that for a person skilled in the art, various amendment and remodeling can be made wherein, and not depart from spirit of the present invention.
Therefore I asks protection.

Claims (11)

1. the fire for portable electron device suppresses a shell, comprising:
Fire-resistant carry-case, it comprises envelope portion, the base portion of interconnection, the airtight sealing packing ring between them, the storage of the adiabatic apparatus in described base portion shell,
Receive with described equipment multi-level gas filter that shell is communicated with air, alignedly can be accommodated in the described adiabatic apparatus portable set opened wide received in shell and receive with cask, to receive the first fire press element that shell is directly communicated with described thermal insulation and described portable set is received and cask.
2. the fire for portable electron device according to claim 1 suppresses shell, and wherein, described adiabatic apparatus storage shell has the heat-insulating material of there in the described base portion being centered around described suppression shell.
3. the fire for portable electron device according to claim 1 suppresses shell, and wherein, described portable set storage and cask comprise:
Metal enclosure, with the handle assembly on described capsule.
4. fire according to claim 4 suppresses shell, and wherein, described heat-insulating material is to the hot phase-change type of thermotonus.
5. the fire for portable electron device according to claim 1 suppresses shell, wherein, described multi-level gas filter and described first fire press element are positioned in described envelope portion, with the thermal break in described envelope portion, and to receive with described unlimited portable set with the described equipment shell in it and be communicated with cask.
6. the fire for portable electron device according to claim 1 suppresses shell, and wherein, described gas multistage filter has and multiple filter media rooms within it of receiving shell each other with described equipment and being communicated with air.
7. the fire for portable electron device according to claim 1 suppresses shell, and wherein, described first fire press element comprises:
Receive shell with the described equipment in described base portion and receive accessory with the outside quick connect fluid for portable fluid container that described unlimited equipment conveying container is directly communicated with.
8. the fire for portable electron device according to claim 1 suppresses shell, and wherein, the second fire press element comprises:
External valve accessory, it is for spraying the fire fighting material from the group including but not limited to halogen and flame-retardant foam.
9. the fire for portable electron device according to claim 1 suppresses shell, wherein, the 3rd fire press element comprise the burning in it is reacted receive with described equipment the pressurized canister distributor mechanism suppressing the fire suppression material in shell at described fire of equipment conveying reservoir opened wide described in shell connected sum.
10. the fire for portable electron device according to claim 1 suppresses shell, and wherein, described fire suppresses shell to have the internal temperature probe can seen from the outside of described shell when closed.
11. fire for portable electron device according to claim 1 suppress shell, and wherein, evacuating air tank under vacuo and described adiabatic apparatus are received shell and be directly communicated with the described inside of described unlimited equipment conveying container.
CN201280078112.8A 2012-11-09 2012-11-09 Fire containment case for portable battery operated electronic devices Pending CN105102075A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/US2012/064404 WO2014074113A1 (en) 2012-11-09 2012-11-09 Fire containment case for portable battery operated electronic devices

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105102075A true CN105102075A (en) 2015-11-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201280078112.8A Pending CN105102075A (en) 2012-11-09 2012-11-09 Fire containment case for portable battery operated electronic devices

Country Status (7)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2916920A4 (en)
JP (1) JP6185074B2 (en)
KR (1) KR20150082586A (en)
CN (1) CN105102075A (en)
AU (1) AU2012393961A1 (en)
CA (1) CA2925258A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2014074113A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106621127A (en) * 2017-02-17 2017-05-10 中国民航科学技术研究院 Fire-resistant and explosion-proof emergency disposal box
CN106621114A (en) * 2017-02-17 2017-05-10 中国民航科学技术研究院 Emergency handling case and emergency handling device for passenger cabin of airplane
CN110485474A (en) * 2018-05-14 2019-11-22 中国石油化工股份有限公司 A kind of fire-retardant explosion-suppressing method of sewerage

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USD804178S1 (en) 2015-03-27 2017-12-05 Innovint Aircraft Interior Gmbh Fireproof case for electronic devices
US10766672B2 (en) 2018-12-12 2020-09-08 Yeti Coolers, Llc Insulating container
DE202019103451U1 (en) * 2019-06-20 2020-09-30 Innovint Aircraft Interior Gmbh Fire-retardant bag to hold flammable devices or energy storage devices
CN110917533B (en) * 2019-12-19 2020-11-03 缙云洛伊电子科技有限公司 Lithium battery storage and preservation equipment
CN114159712A (en) * 2021-12-01 2022-03-11 国网湖北省电力有限公司电力科学研究院 Fire source isolation device for energy storage battery container

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106621127A (en) * 2017-02-17 2017-05-10 中国民航科学技术研究院 Fire-resistant and explosion-proof emergency disposal box
CN106621114A (en) * 2017-02-17 2017-05-10 中国民航科学技术研究院 Emergency handling case and emergency handling device for passenger cabin of airplane
CN106621127B (en) * 2017-02-17 2022-04-12 中国民航科学技术研究院 Fire-resistant explosion-proof emergency treatment box
CN106621114B (en) * 2017-02-17 2022-04-15 中国民航科学技术研究院 Emergency disposal box and emergency disposal device for airplane passenger cabin
CN110485474A (en) * 2018-05-14 2019-11-22 中国石油化工股份有限公司 A kind of fire-retardant explosion-suppressing method of sewerage
CN110485474B (en) * 2018-05-14 2021-05-11 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Flame-retardant explosion suppression method for sewage system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2015533609A (en) 2015-11-26
KR20150082586A (en) 2015-07-15
JP6185074B2 (en) 2017-08-23
CA2925258A1 (en) 2014-05-15
EP2916920A1 (en) 2015-09-16
EP2916920A4 (en) 2016-06-22
WO2014074113A1 (en) 2014-05-15
AU2012393961A1 (en) 2015-06-04

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Application publication date: 20151125