CN105089178A - Fabricated building of pre-assembling structure of prefabricated section steel concrete shear wall - Google Patents

Fabricated building of pre-assembling structure of prefabricated section steel concrete shear wall Download PDF

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CN105089178A
CN105089178A CN201510428507.1A CN201510428507A CN105089178A CN 105089178 A CN105089178 A CN 105089178A CN 201510428507 A CN201510428507 A CN 201510428507A CN 105089178 A CN105089178 A CN 105089178A
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steel
steel frame
prefabricated
column
reinforced concrete
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CN105089178B (en
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欧应
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Chongqing Uefa Champions League Steel Work Co Ltd
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Chongqing Uefa Champions League Steel Work Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a fabricated building of a pre-assembling structure of a prefabricated section steel concrete shear wall. The building is provided with a structure preformed in a factory, and the preformed structure comprises section steel concrete shear walls, prefabricated section steel concrete beams, steel bar truss concrete slabs, prefabricated reinforced concrete stairs, light masonry partition walls, and prefabricated foam-concrete outer walls. The invention further provides a mounting method of the fabricated building of the pre-assembling structure of the prefabricated section steel concrete shear wall. The fabricated building disclosed by the invention is characterized in that all components are prefabricated in the factory, so that the quality of the components is convenient to control, and construction difficulties caused by the change of outdoor weather can be reduced. The fabricated building is assembled on site, and safe, rapid and convenient to mount; the recycling rate of templates is high, work about templates and tube frames is omitted on side, the use and the consumption of the templates and the tube frames are reduced, on-site workers are saved, and the phenomenon of on-site raise dust is greatly improved, so that the influence on environment is small, and the environmental pollution is reduced. The fabricated building disclosed by the invention is suitable for various houses and buildings, such as high-rises, small high-rises, garden houses and villas.

Description

The pre-splicing Standard formula building of a kind of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls
Technical field
The present invention relates to the realm of building construction, relate generally to the pre-splicing Standard formula building of a kind of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls.
Background technology
In cast-in-place concrete structure work progress, field fabrication is many at present, and wet trade is many, has the intermediate links such as a large amount of form work engineering, scaffolding work, waste resource, contaminated environment; Practitioner's quality, job site environment etc. are very large on workmanship impact, bring the problems such as building performance, quality and durability.So in recent years, build the fundamental state policy that green, energy-conservation, healthy building has become us, the industrialization the mode of project construction of mark is turned to standardization, industry, require that engineering construction batch production is made as master in advance, site machineryization assembling coordinates, but concrete component prefabricated need with higher, the component of template system more complicated, cost between the inconvenient operation, the globality that connect poor, have influence on the development of pre-cast building, be therefore badly in need of finding a kind of technical measures addressed these problems.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to improve structural entity intensity and monolithic architecture shock resistance, decreasing pollution and construction period, provide a kind of green building scheme.
The technical scheme adopted for realizing the object of the invention is such, the pre-splicing Standard formula building of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls, this building has the shaping structure that is prefabricated in the factory and comprises prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls, prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete, Truss Deck Concrete Slab, prefabricated reinforced concrete stair, precast foam concrete exterior wall and the light block partition wall.
Described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls comprises Linear shear wall, L-type shear wall, T-shaped shear wall and Z-type shear wall Four types.The shear wall of this Four types includes steel frame, composite concrete, reinforced mesh, some junction plates and some sleeve pipes.
The steel frame of described Linear shear wall supports by two steel frame side columns, some steel frame side bars and some steel frames the trussed construction formed.Two described steel frame side columns are parallel to each other and arrange perpendicular to grade level.Described steel frame supports arranged crosswise between two.The two ends that steel frame described in every root supports are connected with two steel frame side columns respectively.The two ends of steel frame side bar described in every root are connected with two pieces of steel frame side columns respectively.
The steel frame of described L-type shear wall supports by three steel frame side columns, some steel frame side bars and some steel frames the trussed construction formed.Three described steel frame side columns and steel frame side column I, steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III.Described steel frame side column I is positioned at the corner of " L-type ".Described steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III lay respectively at two ends of " L-type ".Three described steel frame side columns are parallel to each other and arrange perpendicular to grade level.Some steel frame side bars are connected with between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column II.Some steel frame side bars are connected with between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column III.Be welded some steel frames intersected between two between described steel frame side column I with steel frame side column II to support.Be welded some steel frames intersected between two between described steel frame side column I with steel frame side column III to support.
The steel frame of described T-shaped shear wall supports by four steel frame side columns, some steel frame side bars and some steel frames the trussed construction formed.Four described steel frame side columns and steel frame side column I, steel frame side column II, steel frame side column III and steel frame side column IV.Four described steel frame side columns are parallel to each other and arrange perpendicular to grade level.Described steel frame side column IV is between steel frame side column I and steel frame side column II.Described steel frame side column IV is positioned at the point of intersection of " T-shaped ".Described steel frame side column I, steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III lay respectively at three ends of " T-shaped ".Some steel frame side bars are connected with between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column IV.Some steel frame side bars are connected with between described steel frame side column II and steel frame side column IV.Some steel frame side bars are connected with between described steel frame side column III and steel frame side column IV.Be welded some steel frames intersected between two between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column IV, between steel frame side column II and steel frame side column IV and between steel frame side column III with steel frame side column IV to support.
The steel frame of described Z-type shear wall supports by four steel frame side columns, some steel frame side bars and some steel frames the trussed construction formed.Four described steel frame side columns and steel frame side column I, steel frame side column II, steel frame side column III and steel frame side column IV.Four described steel frame side columns are parallel to each other and arrange perpendicular to grade level.Described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column IV lay respectively at two flex point places of " Z-type ".Described steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III lay respectively at two ends of " Z-type ".Some steel frame side bars are connected with between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column II.Some steel frame side bars are connected with between described steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III.Some steel frame side bars are connected with between described steel frame side column III and steel frame side column IV.Be welded some steel frames intersected between two between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column II, between steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III and between steel frame side column III with steel frame side column IV to support.
The periphery of the steel frame of the shear wall of above-mentioned Four types is wrapped in reinforced mesh.The area filling concrete that described reinforced mesh wraps up.
The upper and lower end face of described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls has junction plate I.The plate face of described junction plate I has some bolt connecting holes (through hole).Described junction plate I is positioned on the center line of the thickness direction of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls.The plate face of described junction plate I is perpendicular to grade level.The side plate face of described junction plate I have some hollow sleeve pipes.The corresponding branch casing of each bolt connecting hole.One end vertical welding of some described sleeve pipes is in the plate face of junction plate I.Casing length is the distance of junction plate I to wall surface, and described junction plate I and some sleeve pipes are integrally formed with prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls by concreting, and only carry out concreting in the side plate face with sleeve pipe.The plate face of building of the junction plate I of described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls upper and lower side is contrary.During installation, the junction plate I of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls upper and lower side adopts the strong ties such as bolt, and bolt reaches the plate face of junction plate I through sleeve pipe, and block sleeve pipe with foam plug after bolt tightening, one end of foam plug is concordant with shear wall metope.
The thickness side of described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls has junction plate II.Described junction plate II is for being connected with prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete.Described junction plate II is positioned at the below of floor absolute altitude.Described junction plate II vertically arrange and plate face perpendicular to the thickness side of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls.The plate face of described junction plate II has some bolt connecting holes (through hole).
The metope of described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls has floor supporting plate.Described floor supporting plate is used for being connected with Truss Deck Concrete Slab.Weld with the steel frame of shear wall in the body of wall that one end of described floor supporting plate vertically embeds prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls.
Described prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete is connected with junction plate II.The web of described precasting steel concrete beam end has the bolt connecting hole agreed with junction plate II.The top flange panel of described prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete have some reserved steel bars I.
Described Truss Deck Concrete Slab is positioned on floor supporting plate.The bottom of described Truss Deck Concrete Slab has some reserved steel bars II.Described reserved steel bar II welds with reserved steel bar I.
The surrounding of described precast foam concrete exterior wall is provided with junction plate IV.Described precast foam concrete exterior wall and prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete and prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls with bolts at junction plate IV place.
Every floor layer comprises some prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls, some prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete and some Truss Deck Concrete Slab, is linked into an integrated entity between them by welding and final grouting.Some prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls are connected into entirety by described the light block partition wall.Prefabricated reinforced concrete stair are installed between floor.The upper and lower side of described prefabricated reinforced concrete stair has junction plate III.The plate face of described junction plate III have some through holes.Described junction plate III, by bolt welding, is connected with the girder steel in floor.
Further, reserved steel bar is all left in each prefabricated units junction each other of this building.During connection, the reserved steel bar of each component welds together, and forms overall structure by final grouting.Namely final grouting is filled the space of junction and bolt hole concrete.Final grouting adopts high grade slightly expanded concrete.
Further, described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls is divided into L-type shear wall, T-shaped shear wall, Linear shear wall and Z-shaped shear wall, is respectively used to each position of building construction.Wherein the prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls lower end of bottom connects polylith embedded board, and described embedded board is connected with foundation by bolt.
Further, described floor supporting plate is positioned at 50mm place below floor absolute altitude.
Further, each through hole of described junction plate II corresponding sleeve pipe respectively.Described sleeve pipe is vertically welded on the plate face of junction plate II.The plate face of described junction plate II is welded with some stiffeners.Described stiffener and sleeve pipe are positioned at the homonymy in plate face.The below of described junction plate II has girder steel supporting plate.Be connected with steel frame in the body of wall that one end of described girder steel supporting plate is vertically embedded in prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls.Described junction plate II is for being connected with prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete.Described girder steel supporting plate is used for installing and shearing resistance.
Further, the exterior wall of this building adopts precast foam concrete exterior wall.The inside infilled wall of this building adopts the light block partition wall.
Further, the wall of the elevator shaft surrounding of this building is that prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls and prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete are spliced entirely.Described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls is Linear shear wall.Prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete is adopted above elevator door hole.
The present invention also provides a kind of construction and installation method based on the pre-splicing Standard formula building of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls, comprises the following steps:
1) first carry out the installation of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls, prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls bottom being provided with embedded board adopts crane or tower crane lifting, makes embedded board and foundation by bolt or is welded to connect; Adopt total powerstation to correct shear wall, then the reserved steel bar of shear wall junction and basic joint bar are welded together, carry out final grouting afterwards;
2) secondly carry out the installation of prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete, hoisting prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete puts in place, then at two ends erection bolt, welding reserved steel bar, then carries out final grouting;
3) installation of Truss Deck Concrete Slab is carried out again, lifting Truss Deck Concrete Slab puts in place, the reserved steel bar of Truss Deck Concrete Slab is welded with prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls and prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete respectively, then carries out final grouting;
4) moreover carry out the installation of prefabricated reinforced concrete stair, hoisting prefabricated reinforced concrete staircase is in place, is connected by prefabricated reinforced concrete stair with girder steel, at junction erection bolt, welding reserved steel bar, then carries out final grouting;
5) installation of precast foam concrete exterior wall and the light block partition wall is finally carried out, hoisting prefabricated foam concrete exterior wall and the light block partition wall put in place, the reserved steel bar of junction is welded together, links together with prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls, then carry out final grouting;
6) installation of the preceding paragraph shear wall is carried out, the junction plate I of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls smears anchoring adhesive, prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls is stacked together, junction plate I place erection bolt, and the conduit at junction plate I place foam plug is blocked;
7) repeat 2) ~ 6) step complete every layer building installation;
8) door and window of every floor is installed.
Further, the final grouting of every floor be metope, girder steel and floor complete be connected after disposablely all to complete.
Technique effect tool of the present invention has the following advantages:
1, all components all adopt prefabrication, are convenient to quality control, and easy for installation, safe, quick, and self stability is strong, support during installation without the need to reinforcing, can sequential production; Component is connected by reliable fashions such as bolt, welding, final groutings, is assembled and be assembled into entirety by job site, as assembling automobile, manufacture house, and the mode of later can repair, mend, changing carries out structure and decoration is safeguarded;
2, the engineering time is short, little to ambient influnence in work progress, shortens the duration of construction noise, reduces the interference of construction to surrounding resident; Can reduce because outdoor weather changes the constructional difficulties caused, and save on-the-spot artificial, on-the-spot dust raising phenomenon is greatly improved, and has the feature of environmental protection, energy-conservation, green construction;
3, the utilization of steel frame, template standard, template reuse ratio improves, and on-the-spot without template, the work of frame pipe, saving template and frame pipe use and consume.
The advantage of 4, adopt assembling reinforced concrete composite structure, structural strength is high, concrete uses less, architecture quality is light, foundation cost is low, more saving than traditional architecture.
5, because this building structure self-strength is large, stability is good, therefore can which floor sequential production operation, do not need to wait for that the secondary pouring concrete maintenance at substructure scene can carry out the assembling construction of upper floor prefabricated units to design strength, the pre-splicing Standard formula building of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls significantly can shorten the construction period.In addition, in site operation process, the prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls pre-splicing Standard formula building, prefabricated shaped steel shear wall can be formed after tentatively being connected by bolted-on or welding etc. has homeostatic rigidity and bearing capacity structure, do not need to set up temporary support in addition, save a large amount of consumable material in job site.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is building body partial precast model calling schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the connection diagram of prefabricated reinforced concrete stair and girder steel;
Fig. 3 is the Q place enlarged drawing of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the steel skeleton construction schematic diagram of shear wall;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of shear wall body;
Fig. 6 is the connection diagram of shear wall and Truss Deck Concrete Slab;
Fig. 7 is the connection diagram of shear wall and prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete;
Fig. 8 is the schematic cross-section of shear wall and prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete junction;
Fig. 9 is the connection diagram of prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete and Truss Deck Concrete Slab;
Figure 10 is the shear wall splicing schematic diagram of levels;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the precast foam concrete exterior wall of band window;
Figure 12 is the band precast foam concrete exterior wall of window and the connection diagram of shear wall;
Figure 13 is the architectural plan of Figure 12.
Figure 14 is the architectural plan of Fig. 1.
In figure: precast foam concrete exterior wall 8, the foam plug 9 of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1, steel frame side column 101, steel frame side bar 102, steel frame support 103, prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete 2, Truss Deck Concrete Slab 3, prefabricated reinforced concrete stair 4, the light block partition wall 5, girder steel supporting plate 6, floor supporting plate 7, band window.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described, but should not be construed the above-mentioned subject area of the present invention and be only limitted to following embodiment.Without departing from the idea case in the present invention described above, according to ordinary skill knowledge and customary means, make various replacement and change, all should be included in protection scope of the present invention.
The pre-splicing Standard formula building of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls, this building has the shaping structure that is prefabricated in the factory and comprises prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1, prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete 2, Truss Deck Concrete Slab 3, prefabricated reinforced concrete stair 4, the light block partition wall 5 and precast foam concrete exterior wall 8.
Described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 comprises Linear shear wall, L-type shear wall, T-shaped shear wall and Z-type shear wall Four types.The shear wall of this Four types includes steel frame, composite concrete, reinforced mesh, some junction plates and some sleeve pipes.
See Fig. 4, the steel frame of described Linear shear wall supports 103 trussed constructions formed by two steel frame side columns 101, some steel frame side bars 102 and some steel frames.Two described steel frame side columns 101 are parallel to each other and arrange perpendicular to grade level.Described steel frame support 103 arranged crosswise between two.Described in every root, the two ends of steel frame support 103 are connected with two steel frame side columns 101 respectively.The two ends of steel frame side bar 102 described in every root are connected with two pieces of steel frame side columns 101 respectively.The truss integral of final formation stable triangular.
The steel frame of described L-type shear wall supports 103 trussed constructions formed by three steel frame side columns 101, some steel frame side bars 102 and some steel frames.I.e. steel frame side column I, steel frame side column II and the steel frame side column III of three described steel frame side columns 101.Described steel frame side column I is positioned at the corner of " L-type ".Described steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III lay respectively at two ends of " L-type ".Three described steel frame side columns 101 are parallel to each other and arrange perpendicular to grade level.Some steel frame side bars 102 are connected with between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column II.Some steel frame side bars 102 are connected with between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column III.Be welded some steel frames intersected between two between described steel frame side column I with steel frame side column II and support 103.Be welded some steel frames intersected between two between described steel frame side column I with steel frame side column III and support 103.
The steel frame of described T-shaped shear wall supports 103 trussed constructions formed by four steel frame side columns 101, some steel frame side bars 102 and some steel frames.I.e. steel frame side column I, steel frame side column II, steel frame side column III and the steel frame side column IV of four described steel frame side columns 101.Four described steel frame side columns 101 are parallel to each other and arrange perpendicular to grade level.Described steel frame side column IV is between steel frame side column I and steel frame side column II.Described steel frame side column IV is positioned at the point of intersection of " T-shaped ".Described steel frame side column I, steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III lay respectively at three ends of " T-shaped ".Some steel frame side bars 102 are connected with between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column IV.Some steel frame side bars 102 are connected with between described steel frame side column II and steel frame side column IV.Some steel frame side bars 102 are connected with between described steel frame side column III and steel frame side column IV.Be welded some steel frames intersected between two between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column IV, between steel frame side column II and steel frame side column IV and between steel frame side column III with steel frame side column IV and support 103.
The steel frame of described Z-type shear wall supports 103 trussed constructions formed by four steel frame side columns 101, some steel frame side bars 102 and some steel frames.I.e. steel frame side column I, steel frame side column II, steel frame side column III and the steel frame side column IV of four described steel frame side columns 101.Four described steel frame side columns 101 are parallel to each other and arrange perpendicular to grade level.Described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column IV lay respectively at two flex point places of " Z-type ".Described steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III lay respectively at two ends of " Z-type ".Some steel frame side bars 102 are connected with between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column II.Some steel frame side bars 102 are connected with between described steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III.Some steel frame side bars 102 are connected with between described steel frame side column III and steel frame side column IV.Be welded some steel frames intersected between two between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column II, between steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III and between steel frame side column III with steel frame side column IV and support 103.
The periphery of the steel frame of the shear wall of above-mentioned Four types is wrapped in reinforced mesh.Described reinforced mesh adopts hot calendering round bar, hot rolled ribbed steel bar or cold rolled reinforcing steel bar with ribs to make.Described reinforced mesh colligation becomes the latticed interior outside being welded on steel frame of 200 ~ 300mm.The area filling concrete that described reinforced mesh wraps up.
The upper and lower end face of described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 has junction plate I.The plate face of described junction plate I has some bolt holes.Described junction plate I is positioned on the center line of the thickness direction of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1.The plate face of described junction plate I is perpendicular to grade level.The side plate face of described junction plate I have some hollow sleeve pipes.Do not block connecting bolt when junction plate bolt hole is convenient to install when sleeve pipe act as prefabricated to pass through.Some described sleeve pipes are perpendicular to the plate face of junction plate I.Described junction plate I and some sleeve pipes are integrally formed with prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 by concreting, and only carry out concreting in the side plate face with sleeve pipe.Described junction plate I for levels prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 between connection.The plate face of building of the junction plate I of described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 upper and lower side is contrary, to ensure that prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 junction when splicing up and down can fit like a glove.And prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 lower end of bottom connects polylith embedded board, and described embedded board is connected with foundation by bolt.
The thickness side of described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 has junction plate II.Described junction plate II is positioned at the below of floor absolute altitude.Floor absolute altitude is pre-designed position, and prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 is made with mark.Described junction plate II vertically arrange and plate face perpendicular to the thickness side of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1.The plate face of described junction plate II has some bolt holes.The corresponding sleeve pipe of each through hole, described sleeve pipe is vertically welded on the plate face of junction plate II.The plate face of described junction plate II is welded with some stiffeners.Described stiffener and sleeve pipe are positioned at the homonymy in plate face.Described junction plate II is for connecting prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete 2.
The metope of described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 has floor supporting plate 7.Be connected with steel frame in the body of wall that one end of described floor supporting plate 7 vertically embeds prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1.Described floor supporting plate 7 is unified is positioned at 50mm place below floor absolute altitude, to ensure that the Truss Deck Concrete Slab 3 that same floor is installed is in same plane.Described floor supporting plate 7 is for connecting reinforcement truss concrete floor 3.
See Fig. 7, described prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete 2 is connected with the junction plate II of shear wall.The web of the end of described prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete 2 has the bolt connecting hole agreed with junction plate II.Sleeve pipe is welded with in the side of bolt connecting hole.During connection, junction plate II is positioned at the web place of prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete 2 end, and then bolt is through the through hole bolt in the through hole on web plate face and junction plate II plate face.The below of described junction plate II has girder steel supporting plate 6.Be connected with steel frame in the body of wall that one end of described girder steel supporting plate 6 is vertically embedded in prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1.Described girder steel supporting plate 6 can be convenient to the installation of prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete 2, and makes it have good shearing resistance effect.The top flange panel of described prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete 2 have some reserved steel bars I.
See Fig. 6, described Truss Deck Concrete Slab 3 is positioned on floor supporting plate 7.The bottom of described Truss Deck Concrete Slab 3 has some reserved steel bars II.Described reserved steel bar II welds with reserved steel bar I.And part reserved steel bar II welds together with floor supporting plate 7.
See Figure 11, in the present embodiment, described precast foam concrete exterior wall 8 is the precast foam concrete exterior wall with window.The surrounding of described precast foam concrete exterior wall 8 is provided with junction plate IV.Described precast foam concrete exterior wall 8 and prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete 2 and prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 with bolts at junction plate IV place.And described precast foam concrete exterior wall 8 is only for the peripheral wall of this building.
See Fig. 1, every floor layer comprises some prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1, some prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete 2 and some Truss Deck Concrete Slab 3, is linked into an integrated entity between them by welding and final grouting.Some prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 are connected into entirety by described the light block partition wall 5.And described the light block partition wall 5 is only for the connection of indoor wall.See Fig. 2, prefabricated reinforced concrete stair 4 are installed between floor.The upper and lower side of described prefabricated reinforced concrete stair 4 has junction plate III.The plate face of described junction plate III have some through holes.Described junction plate III, by bolt welding, is connected with the girder steel in floor.Reserved steel bar is all left in each prefabricated units junction each other of this building.During connection, the reserved steel bar of each component welds together, and forms overall structure by final grouting.Namely final grouting is filled the space of junction and bolt hole concrete.Final grouting adopts high grade slightly expanded concrete.
In one embodiment, the mounting method based on the pre-splicing Standard formula building of above-mentioned prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls comprises the following steps:
1) various components good for prefabrication are transported to job site, first the installation of the prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 of first floor is carried out, the prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 bottom being provided with embedded board adopts crane or tower crane lifting, and embedded board and foundation are bolted; Prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 overhead absolute altitude 2m place can establish the interim bearing diagonal of an installation, to reach interim stabilization effect; Correct the verticality of metope and horizontal absolute altitude again; Then the reserved steel bar of junction is welded together, carry out final grouting afterwards;
2) secondly carry out the installation of prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete 2, hoisting prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete 2 puts in place, then at two ends erection bolt, welding reserved steel bar, then carries out final grouting; Sleeve pipe is blocked again with foam plug 9;
3) installation of Truss Deck Concrete Slab 3 is carried out again, lifting Truss Deck Concrete Slab 3 puts in place, the reserved steel bar of Truss Deck Concrete Slab 3 is welded with prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 and prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete 2 respectively, then carries out final grouting;
4) moreover carry out the installation of prefabricated reinforced concrete stair 4, hoisting prefabricated reinforced concrete staircase 4 is in place, is connected by prefabricated reinforced concrete stair 4 with girder steel, at junction erection bolt, welding reserved steel bar, then carries out final grouting;
5) installation of precast foam concrete exterior wall 8 and the light block partition wall 5 is finally carried out, hoisting prefabricated foam concrete exterior wall 8 and the light block partition wall 5 put in place, precast foam concrete exterior wall 8 is arranged on the peripheral wall of building, and the light block partition wall 5 is arranged on indoor wall; The reserved steel bar of junction is welded together, links together with prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1, then carry out final grouting;
6) installation of last layer building is carried out, the junction plate I of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 smears anchoring adhesive, prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls 1 is stacked together, junction plate I place erection bolt, twist when bolt and admittedly complete, anchoring adhesive realizes the degree of depth and combines, and reaches firm and waterproof effect; Then the conduit foam plug 9 at junction plate I place is blocked;
7) repeat 2) ~ 6) step complete every layer building installation, in the installation carrying out last layer building after each prefabricated units installation of lower one deck;
8) door and window of every floor is installed.

Claims (9)

1. the pre-splicing Standard formula building of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls, this building has at factory process manufacture, prefabricated profiled structure construction on-site consolidation and decoration, comprises prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1), prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete (2), Truss Deck Concrete Slab (3), prefabricated reinforced concrete stair (4), the light block partition wall (5) and precast foam concrete exterior wall (8); It is characterized in that:
Described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) comprises Linear shear wall, L-type shear wall, T-shaped shear wall and Z-type shear wall Four types; The shear wall of this Four types includes steel frame, composite concrete, reinforced mesh, some junction plates and some sleeve pipes;
The steel frame of described Linear shear wall supports by two steel frame side columns (101), some steel frame side bars (102) and some steel frames the trussed construction that (103) form; Two described steel frame side columns (101) are parallel to each other and arrange perpendicular to grade level; Described steel frame supports (103) arranged crosswise between two; The two ends that steel frame described in every root supports (103) are connected with two steel frame side columns (101) respectively; The two ends of steel frame side bar (102) described in every root are connected with two pieces of steel frame side columns (101) respectively;
The steel frame of described L-type shear wall supports by three steel frame side columns (101), some steel frame side bars (102) and some steel frames the trussed construction that (103) form; Three described steel frame side columns (101) i.e. steel frame side column I, steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III; Described steel frame side column I is positioned at the corner of " L-type "; Described steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III lay respectively at two ends of " L-type "; Three described steel frame side columns (101) are parallel to each other and arrange perpendicular to grade level; Some steel frame side bars (102) are connected with between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column II; Some steel frame side bars (102) are connected with between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column III; Be welded some steel frames intersected between two between described steel frame side column I with steel frame side column II to support (103); Be welded some steel frames intersected between two between described steel frame side column I with steel frame side column III to support (103);
The steel frame of described T-shaped shear wall supports by four steel frame side columns (101), some steel frame side bars (102) and some steel frames the trussed construction that (103) form; Four described steel frame side columns (101) i.e. steel frame side column I, steel frame side column II, steel frame side column III and steel frame side column IV; Four described steel frame side columns (101) are parallel to each other and arrange perpendicular to grade level; Described steel frame side column IV is between steel frame side column I and steel frame side column II; Described steel frame side column IV is positioned at the point of intersection of " T-shaped "; Described steel frame side column I, steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III lay respectively at three ends of " T-shaped "; Some steel frame side bars (102) are connected with between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column IV; Some steel frame side bars (102) are connected with between described steel frame side column II and steel frame side column IV; Some steel frame side bars (102) are connected with between described steel frame side column III and steel frame side column IV; Be welded some steel frames intersected between two between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column IV, between steel frame side column II and steel frame side column IV and between steel frame side column III with steel frame side column IV to support (103);
The steel frame of described Z-type shear wall supports by four steel frame side columns (101), some steel frame side bars (102) and some steel frames the trussed construction that (103) form; Four described steel frame side columns (101) i.e. steel frame side column I, steel frame side column II, steel frame side column III and steel frame side column IV; Four described steel frame side columns (101) are parallel to each other and arrange perpendicular to grade level; Described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column IV lay respectively at two flex point places of " Z-type "; Described steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III lay respectively at two ends of " Z-type "; Some steel frame side bars (102) are connected with between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column II; Some steel frame side bars (102) are connected with between described steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III; Some steel frame side bars (102) are connected with between described steel frame side column III and steel frame side column IV; Be welded some steel frames intersected between two between described steel frame side column I and steel frame side column II, between steel frame side column II and steel frame side column III and between steel frame side column III with steel frame side column IV to support (103);
The periphery of the steel frame of the shear wall of above-mentioned Four types is wrapped in reinforced mesh; The area filling concrete that described reinforced mesh wraps up;
The upper and lower end face of described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) has junction plate I; The plate face of described junction plate I has some through holes; Described junction plate I is positioned on the center line of the thickness direction of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1); The plate face of described junction plate I is perpendicular to grade level; The side plate face of described junction plate I have some hollow sleeve pipes; Some described sleeve pipes are perpendicular to the plate face of junction plate I; Described junction plate I and some sleeve pipes are integrally formed with prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) by concreting, and only carry out concreting in the side plate face with sleeve pipe; The plate face of building of the junction plate I of described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) upper and lower side is contrary;
The thickness side of described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) has junction plate II; Described junction plate II is positioned at the below of floor absolute altitude; Described junction plate II vertically arrange and plate face perpendicular to the thickness side of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1); The plate face of described junction plate II has some through holes;
The metope of described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) has floor supporting plate (7); One end of described floor supporting plate (7) vertically embeds in the body of wall of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1);
Described prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete (2) is connected with junction plate II; The web of the end of described prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete (2) has the bolt connecting hole agreed with junction plate II; Described prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete (2) has some reserved steel bars I;
Described Truss Deck Concrete Slab (3) is positioned on floor supporting plate (7); The bottom of described Truss Deck Concrete Slab (3) has some reserved steel bars II; Described reserved steel bar II welds with reserved steel bar I;
The surrounding of described precast foam concrete exterior wall (8) is provided with junction plate IV; Described precast foam concrete exterior wall (8) and prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete (2) and prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) with bolts at junction plate IV place;
Every floor layer comprises some prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1), some prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete (2) and some Truss Deck Concrete Slab (3), is linked into an integrated entity between them by welding and final grouting; Some prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) are connected into entirety by described the light block partition wall (5); Prefabricated reinforced concrete stair (4) are installed between floor; The upper and lower side of described prefabricated reinforced concrete stair (4) has junction plate III; The plate face of described junction plate III have some through holes; Described junction plate III, by bolted-on, is connected with the girder steel in floor.
2. the pre-splicing Standard formula building of the prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: reserved steel bar is all left in each prefabricated units junction each other of this building; During connection, the reserved steel bar of each component welds together, and forms overall structure by final grouting; Namely final grouting is filled the space of junction and bolt hole concrete; Final grouting adopts high grade slightly expanded concrete.
3. the pre-splicing Standard formula building of the prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) is divided into L-type shear wall, T-shaped shear wall, Linear shear wall and Z-shaped shear wall, is respectively used to each position of building construction; Wherein prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) lower end of bottom connects polylith embedded board, and described embedded board is connected with foundation by bolt.
4. the pre-splicing Standard formula building of the prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described floor supporting plate (7) is positioned at 50mm place below floor absolute altitude.
5. the pre-splicing Standard formula building of the prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: each through hole corresponding sleeve pipe respectively of described junction plate II; Described sleeve pipe is vertically welded on the plate face of junction plate II; The plate face of described junction plate II is welded with some stiffeners; Described stiffener and sleeve pipe are positioned at the homonymy in plate face; The below of described junction plate II has girder steel supporting plate (6); Be connected with steel frame in the body of wall that one end of described girder steel supporting plate (6) is vertically embedded in prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1); Described junction plate II is for being connected with prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete (2); Described girder steel supporting plate (6) is for installing and shearing resistance.
6. the pre-splicing Standard formula building of the prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the exterior wall of this building adopts precast foam concrete exterior wall (8); The inside infilled wall of this building adopts the light block partition wall (5).
7. the pre-splicing Standard formula building of the prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the wall of the elevator shaft surrounding of this building is that prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) is spliced with prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete (2) entirely; Described prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) is Linear shear wall; Prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete (2) is adopted above elevator door hole.
8., based on a construction and installation method for the pre-splicing Standard formula building of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls, comprise the following steps:
1) first carry out the installation of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1), the prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) bottom being provided with embedded board adopts crane or tower crane lifting, and embedded board and foundation are bolted; Then the reserved steel bar of junction is welded together, carry out final grouting afterwards;
2) secondly carry out the installation of prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete (2), hoisting prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete (2) puts in place, then at two ends erection bolt, welding reserved steel bar, then carries out final grouting; Foam plug (9) is used to block sleeve pipe again;
3) installation of Truss Deck Concrete Slab (3) is carried out again, lifting Truss Deck Concrete Slab (3) puts in place, the reserved steel bar of Truss Deck Concrete Slab (3) is welded with prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) and prefabricated girder with rolled steel section en cased in concrete (2) respectively, then carries out final grouting;
4) moreover carry out the installation of prefabricated reinforced concrete stair (4), hoisting prefabricated reinforced concrete staircase (4) is in place, prefabricated reinforced concrete stair (4) are connected with girder steel, at junction erection bolt, welding reserved steel bar, then carry out final grouting;
5) installation of precast foam concrete exterior wall (8) and the light block partition wall (5) is finally carried out, hoisting prefabricated foam concrete exterior wall (8) and the light block partition wall (5) put in place, the reserved steel bar of junction is welded together, link together with prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1), then carry out final grouting;
6) installation of the preceding paragraph precast shear wall is carried out, the junction plate I of prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) smears anchoring adhesive, prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls (1) is stacked together, junction plate I place erection bolt, and the conduit at junction plate I place foam plug (9) is blocked;
7) repeat 2) ~ 6) step complete every layer building installation;
8) door and window of every floor is installed.
9. a kind of building method based on prefabricated steel reinforced concrete shear walls pre-splicing Standard formula building according to claim 8, is characterized in that: the final grouting of every floor completes to be connected at metope, girder steel and floor disposablely afterwards all to complete.
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CN110259173A (en) * 2019-06-26 2019-09-20 淮阴工学院 A kind of assembled elevator that steel construction is combined with Multifunction wall board

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