CN105076709A - Feed for cows in lactation period and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Feed for cows in lactation period and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105076709A
CN105076709A CN201510610838.7A CN201510610838A CN105076709A CN 105076709 A CN105076709 A CN 105076709A CN 201510610838 A CN201510610838 A CN 201510610838A CN 105076709 A CN105076709 A CN 105076709A
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parts
powder
traditional chinese
root
leaching liquor
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赵守山
孙红霞
王翠萍
邓建强
曲军
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陈守亮
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Abstract

The invention discloses feed for cows in the lactation period and a preparation method thereof, and belongs to the technical field of cow feed. The feed is composed of dry raw materials including corn germ meal, oat bran, red phaseolus beans, black soya beans, towel gourds, sweet potato leaves, purslane, figs, motherwort, spiral seaweed powder, asparagus, ixeris chinensis, mulberry leaves, honeysuckles, scutellaria baicalensis, galium aparine, manis pentadactyla, tortoise plastron, propolis, traditional Chinese medicine concentration powder, salt and calcium carbonate. The traditional Chinese medicine concentration powder is prepared in the way that the roots of hairy asiabell, angelica sinensis, ligusticum wallichii, akebia stems, the rhizomes of large-headed atractylodes and white paeony roots are mixed according to the weight ratio of 2-5:1-3:3-7:3-7:3-7:1-3, leach liquor is obtained through extraction, and then the leach liquor is concentrated. By means of the feed for the cows in the lactation period, the lactation peak period of time of the cows can be prolonged, milk quality is improved, and the preparation method is simple, convenient to use and easy to implement.

Description

One cow feed lactation period and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to ox field of feed, be specifically related to one cow feed lactation period and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Ox is the artificial feed that current cowboying is commonly used with feed, different according to the purposes of the ox of throwing something and feeding, and can be divided into again beef cattle feed and cow feed.Lactation period, cow can be divided into lactation initial stage, lactation Sheng phase, lactation mid-term and 4 stages of stale according to lactation rule.Lactation period cow the given milk material impact of feed to cow.
Existing lactation period there is following defect in cow feed: first, although lactation period of the prior art, cow feed can improve the daily yielding of cow in the short time, high effect of giving milk is lasting, to the raising DeGrain of the cow year output of milk.Secondly, existing feed is not obvious to the effect improving former milk quality, lipid and low percentages of protein in former milk, adopt the mode of purchase to purchase former milk from raiser, and the undesirable former milk of quality cannot be sold because dairy produce processing enterprise by directly causing former milk.Finally, in the lactation period of cow, bovine mastitis is common disease, and this illness has infectiousness, and causes harmful effect to the output of milk of cow and former milk quality.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: for the above-mentioned deficiency of prior art, one cow feed lactation period and preparation method thereof is provided, this lactation period cow with feed can extend cow peak of lactation time, improve milk quality, its preparation method is simple and easy to do.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: this lactation period cow feed, it is characterized in that, be made up of the dry raw material of following weight portion: corn germ cake 30 ~ 40 parts, oat bran 10 ~ 20 parts, rde bean 10 ~ 30 parts, 10 ~ 30 parts, black soya bean, 10 ~ 20 parts, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves 10 ~ 20 parts, Herba portulacae 5 ~ 10 parts, fig 5 ~ 10 parts, motherwort 5 ~ 10 parts, spirulina powder 5 ~ 10 parts, asparagus 5 ~ 10 parts, Chinese ixeris herb 2 ~ 6 parts, 2 ~ 6 parts, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle 2 ~ 6 parts, the root of large-flowered skullcap 2 ~ 6 parts, clearvers 2 ~ 6 parts, pangolin 1 ~ 5 part, tortoiseshell 1 ~ 5 part, propolis 5 ~ 20 parts, 5 ~ 10 parts, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt 0.5 ~ 5 part, 0.05 ~ 0.5 part, calcium carbonate, described traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder is Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome, the root of herbaceous peony 2 ~ 5:1 ~ 3:3 ~ 7:3 by weight ~ 7:3 ~ 7:1 ~ 3 mixing, obtains leaching liquor through lixiviate, the powder that concentrated leaching liquor obtains.
Preferably, this lactation period cow feed, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: corn germ cake 30 ~ 35 parts, oat bran 15 ~ 18 parts, rde bean 20 ~ 28 parts, 20 ~ 28 parts, black soya bean, 15 ~ 18 parts, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves 15 ~ 18 parts, Herba portulacae 7 ~ 9 parts, fig 7 ~ 9 parts, motherwort 7 ~ 9 parts, spirulina powder 7 ~ 9 parts, asparagus 7 ~ 9 parts, Chinese ixeris herb 3 ~ 5 parts, 3 ~ 5 parts, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle 3 ~ 5 parts, the root of large-flowered skullcap 3 ~ 5 parts, clearvers 3 ~ 5 parts, pangolin 3 ~ 5 parts, tortoiseshell 1 ~ 3 part, propolis 10 ~ 15 parts, 6 ~ 8 parts, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt 0.5 ~ 2 part, 0.05 ~ 0.2 part, calcium carbonate, described traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder is Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome, the root of herbaceous peony 3 ~ 4:1 ~ 2:5 ~ 7:5 by weight ~ 7:5 ~ 7:1 ~ 2 mixing, obtains leaching liquor through lixiviate, the powder that concentrated leaching liquor obtains.
Preferably, cow feed, is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: corn germ cake 32 parts, oat bran 16 parts lactation period this, rde bean 25 parts, 25 parts, black soya bean, 18 parts, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves 16 parts, Herba portulacae 7 parts, fig 8 parts, motherwort 7 parts, spirulina powder 9 parts, asparagus 9 parts, Chinese ixeris herb 4 parts, 5 parts, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle 5 parts, the root of large-flowered skullcap 4 parts, clearvers 5 parts, pangolin 4 parts, tortoiseshell 2 parts, propolis 14 parts, 8 parts, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt 0.5 ~ 1 part, 0.05 ~ 0.1 part, calcium carbonate; Described traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder is the 4:2:5:7:6:2 mixing by weight of Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome, the root of herbaceous peony, obtains leaching liquor through lixiviate, the powder that concentrated leaching liquor obtains.
Above-described a kind of lactation period cow feed preparation method, it is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
1) by the mixing by weight of Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome, the root of herbaceous peony, obtain leaching liquor through lixiviate, concentrate drying leaching liquor obtains traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder;
2) dry raw material is obtained by dry respectively to corn germ cake, oat bran, rde bean, black soya bean, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves, Herba portulacae, fig, motherwort, spirulina powder, asparagus, Chinese ixeris herb, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle, the root of large-flowered skullcap, clearvers, pangolin, tortoiseshell, propolis, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt and calcium carbonate; take rear mixing by weight and drop into pulverizer pulverizing; stir and evenly mix after crossing 2 ~ 4 mesh sieves; use feed granulator to be pressed into pellet, to obtain final product.
Preferably, the concrete operations of step 1) are Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome and the root of herbaceous peony are mixed by weight 2 ~ 5:1 ~ 3:3 ~ 7:3 ~ 7:3 ~ 7:1 ~ 3, add the ethanol water that volume fraction is 40 ~ 60%, carry out ultrasonic wave by ultrasonic wave extraction equipment to extract 20 ~ 40 minutes, Extracting temperature 30 ~ 50 DEG C; Filter and obtain leaching liquor, concentrate drying leaching liquor obtains traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder.
Preferably, the concrete operations of step 1) are Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome and the root of herbaceous peony are mixed by weight 3 ~ 4:1 ~ 2:5 ~ 7:5 ~ 7:5 ~ 7:1 ~ 2, add the ethanol water that volume fraction is 50%, carry out ultrasonic wave by ultrasonic wave extraction equipment to extract 35 ~ 40 minutes, Extracting temperature 45 ~ 50 DEG C, filter and obtain leaching liquor, concentrate drying leaching liquor obtains traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder.
Preferably, the concrete operations of the concentrate drying leaching liquor described in step 1) are: use low temp dryer concentrate drying at 40 ~ 60 DEG C of temperature to obtain traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, or use freeze dryer freeze drying to obtain traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder.
Preferably, step 2) described in pellet be length 2 ~ 4 centimetres, diameter of section is the cylindrical particle of 1 ~ 2 centimetre.
The present invention is described as follows: applicant finds under study for action: corn germ cake, oat bran, rde bean and black soya bean provide sufficient albumen and lipid nutrition for cow; Containing abundant vitamin B1, B2 vitamin E, folic acid, mineral matter and beta glucan in oat bran, coordinate corn germ cake to take, can effectively repair impaired mammary glandular cell, promote lactation; Rde bean and black soya bean.Sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves, Herba portulacae, fig, asparagus, Chinese ixeris herb, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle, the root of large-flowered skullcap and clearvers can provide sufficient crude fibre, contribute to the lipid content improving former milk.Applicant finds under study for action: improve the cow output of milk, is emphasis for the maintenance of cow mammary gland and the improvement of physique.In traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome and root of herbaceous peony coupling have the effect of logical breast of invigorating blood circulation preferably, coordinate sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves, Herba portulacae, fig and clearvers coupling, can effectively dredge cow mammary gland, keep the unimpeded lactation of mammary gland, thus improve the output of milk.Pangolin, tortoiseshell, propolis, asparagus, Chinese ixeris herb, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle and the root of large-flowered skullcap match the good anti-inflammatory efficacy of tool, good inhibition is all had to the multiple germ causing bovine mammary gland inflammation, and improve its resistance against diseases by the immunity improving cow self, improve cow physique.And applicant finds by proportioning pangolin 1 ~ 5 part under study for action, tortoiseshell 1 ~ 5 part, propolis 5 ~ 20 parts, asparagus 5 ~ 10 parts, Chinese ixeris herb 2 ~ 6 parts, 2 ~ 6 parts, mulberry leaf, when honeysuckle 2 ~ 6 parts and the root of large-flowered skullcap 2 ~ 6 parts use, the newborn immune protein content in former milk can be significantly improved.Pangolin, tortoiseshell and calcium carbonate combined use can supplement Collagen material needed for ox bone bone and calcareous, and can promote the quantity of leucocyte in cow body, improve cow physique.
Applicant finds under study for action: propagate artificially at present cow feed in generally lack chlorophyll, and cow is edible for a long time lacks that chlorophyllous feed easily causes resistance to decline, easily ill problem.Applicant with the addition of sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves, Herba portulacae, spirulina powder, asparagus, Chinese ixeris herb, mulberry leaf and clearvers in the present invention's formula, and these are rich in chlorophyllous composition, fully supplement chlorophyll and all vitamins needed for cow and mineral matter, the resistance against diseases of cow can be significantly improved, and without the need to auxiliary interpolation vitamin and mineral matter class nutritious supplementary pharmaceutical.Application individual with the addition of salt and calcium carbonate in formula, though be applicable to cow in the process of giving milk due to the huge moisture content of the output of milk and calcareous a large amount of loss of giving milk, it is calcareous that calcium carbonate can supplement in cow body, the interpolation of salt can contribute to maintaining the electrolyte balance in cow body, prevention cow udder edema.
Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome, the root of herbaceous peony adopt the mode of lixiviate to extract by applicant in step 1), traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder is obtained again through concentrate drying, this design can remove the tubers composition that this class cow of Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome and the root of herbaceous peony is difficult to digest, and promotes absorbing of drug effect.Step 2) in will mixed willingly in pulverize after cross 2 ~ 4 mesh sieves after stir and evenly mix, use feed granulator is pressed into pellet, the cylindrical particle that pellet is length 2 ~ 4 centimetres, diameter of section is 1 ~ 2 centimetre.Applicant finds under study for action: when pellet is excessive, and cow is reluctant to search for food, and is unfavorable for that cow produces and causes feed waste; Pellet is too small, is unfavorable for ruminating, and increases the possibility that milk cow suffers from rumen ecology.The cylindrical particle that pellet is length 2 ~ 4 centimetres, diameter of section is 1 ~ 2 centimetre, can make cow have higher feed intake, keep good digestibility simultaneously, and while saving feed, the digestive function again by improving cow improves the physique of cow.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that a kind of lactation period of the present invention, cow feed and preparation method thereof had is:
1, this lactation period cow with feed can extend cow peak of lactation time, improve milk quality.Feed Energy of the present invention of throwing something and feeding obviously extends time to 138 ~ 140 day of cow peak of lactation, and total number of days that on average every ox daily yielding is greater than 20kg/ days can reach 260 ~ 264 days, produce butterfat, protein and lactose content in former milk and all reach high value.
2, this, cow effectively improved the resistance against diseases of cow with Feed Energy lactation period, and the bovine mammary gland inflammation caused various bacteria has the effect of prevention and therapy.The output of milk caused because of bovine mammary gland inflammation is avoided to decline.
3, this lactation period cow feed preparation method simple and easy to do, the pellet that processing obtains can make cow have higher feed intake, keep good digestibility simultaneously, while saving feed, the digestive function again by improving cow improves the physique of cow.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1 ~ 5 is detailed description of the invention of cow feed and preparation method thereof a kind of lactation period of the present invention.Wherein embodiment 1 is most preferred embodiment.
embodiment 1
Be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: corn germ cake 32 parts, oat bran 16 parts, rde bean 25 parts, 25 parts, black soya bean, 18 parts, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves 16 parts, Herba portulacae 7 parts, fig 8 parts, motherwort 7 parts, spirulina powder 9 parts, asparagus 9 parts, Chinese ixeris herb 4 parts, 5 parts, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle 5 parts, the root of large-flowered skullcap 4 parts, clearvers 5 parts, pangolin 4 parts, tortoiseshell 2 parts, propolis 14 parts, 8 parts, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt 0.5 ~ 1 part, 0.05 ~ 0.1 part, calcium carbonate;
Preparation method, comprises the steps:
1) Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome and the root of herbaceous peony are mixed by weight 4:2:5:7:6:2, add the ethanol water that volume fraction is 50%, carry out ultrasonic wave by ultrasonic wave extraction equipment to extract 35 ~ 40 minutes, Extracting temperature 45 ~ 50 DEG C, filter and obtain leaching liquor, use freeze dryer freeze drying to obtain traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder;
2) dry raw material is obtained by dry respectively to corn germ cake, oat bran, rde bean, black soya bean, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves, Herba portulacae, fig, motherwort, spirulina powder, asparagus, Chinese ixeris herb, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle, the root of large-flowered skullcap, clearvers, pangolin, tortoiseshell, propolis, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt and calcium carbonate; take rear mixing by weight and drop into pulverizer pulverizing; stir and evenly mix after crossing 2 ~ 4 mesh sieves; feed granulator is used to be pressed into pellet; the cylindrical particle that pellet is length 2 ~ 4 centimetres, diameter of section is 1 ~ 2 centimetre, to obtain final product.
embodiment 2
Be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: corn germ cake 30 parts, oat bran 18 parts, rde bean 20 parts, 28 parts, black soya bean, 18 parts, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves 15 parts, Herba portulacae 7 parts, fig 9 parts, motherwort 9 parts, spirulina powder 9 parts, asparagus 7 parts, Chinese ixeris herb 5 parts, 3 parts, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle 3 parts, the root of large-flowered skullcap 5 parts, clearvers 3 parts, pangolin 5 parts, tortoiseshell 1 part, propolis 15 parts, 8 parts, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt 1 part, 0.1 part, calcium carbonate.
Preparation method, comprises the steps:
1) Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome and the root of herbaceous peony are mixed by weight 3:2:7:7:5:1, add the ethanol water that volume fraction is 50%, carry out ultrasonic wave by ultrasonic wave extraction equipment to extract 35 ~ 40 minutes, Extracting temperature 45 ~ 50 DEG C, filter and obtain leaching liquor, use low temp dryer concentrate drying at 40 ~ 60 DEG C of temperature to obtain traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder;
2) dry raw material is obtained by dry respectively to corn germ cake, oat bran, rde bean, black soya bean, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves, Herba portulacae, fig, motherwort, spirulina powder, asparagus, Chinese ixeris herb, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle, the root of large-flowered skullcap, clearvers, pangolin, tortoiseshell, propolis, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt and calcium carbonate; take rear mixing by weight and drop into pulverizer pulverizing; stir and evenly mix after crossing 2 ~ 4 mesh sieves; feed granulator is used to be pressed into pellet; the cylindrical particle that pellet is length 2 ~ 4 centimetres, diameter of section is 1 ~ 2 centimetre, to obtain final product.
embodiment 3
Be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: corn germ cake 35 parts, oat bran 15 parts, rde bean 28 parts, 20 parts, black soya bean, 18 parts, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves 18 parts, Herba portulacae 7 parts, fig 7 parts, motherwort 7 parts, spirulina powder 9 parts, asparagus 7 parts, Chinese ixeris herb 5 parts, 3 parts, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle 5 parts, the root of large-flowered skullcap 3 parts, clearvers 3 parts, pangolin 3 parts, tortoiseshell 3 parts, propolis 10 parts, 8 parts, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt 0.5 part, 0.05 part, calcium carbonate;
Preparation method, comprises the steps:
1) Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome and the root of herbaceous peony are mixed by weight 4:2:5:5:7:2, add the ethanol water that volume fraction is 50%, carry out ultrasonic wave by ultrasonic wave extraction equipment to extract 35 ~ 40 minutes, Extracting temperature 45 ~ 50 DEG C, filter and obtain leaching liquor, use low temp dryer concentrate drying at 40 ~ 60 DEG C of temperature to obtain traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder;
2) dry raw material is obtained by dry respectively to corn germ cake, oat bran, rde bean, black soya bean, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves, Herba portulacae, fig, motherwort, spirulina powder, asparagus, Chinese ixeris herb, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle, the root of large-flowered skullcap, clearvers, pangolin, tortoiseshell, propolis, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt and calcium carbonate; take rear mixing by weight and drop into pulverizer pulverizing; stir and evenly mix after crossing 2 ~ 4 mesh sieves; feed granulator is used to be pressed into pellet; the cylindrical particle that pellet is length 2 ~ 4 centimetres, diameter of section is 1 ~ 2 centimetre, to obtain final product.
embodiment 4
Corn germ cake 30 parts, oat bran 20 parts, rde bean 15 parts, 30 parts, black soya bean, 20 parts, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves 10 parts, Herba portulacae 5 parts, fig 5 parts, motherwort 10 parts, spirulina powder 10 parts, asparagus 10 parts, Chinese ixeris herb 6 parts, 6 parts, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle 2 parts, the root of large-flowered skullcap 2 parts, clearvers 2 parts, pangolin 5 parts, tortoiseshell 2 parts, propolis 5 parts, 5 parts, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt 1 part, 0.1 part, calcium carbonate;
Preparation method, comprises the steps:
1) Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome and the root of herbaceous peony are mixed by weight 3:1:5:5:5:2, add the ethanol water that volume fraction is 50%, carry out ultrasonic wave by ultrasonic wave extraction equipment to extract 35 ~ 40 minutes, Extracting temperature 45 ~ 50 DEG C, filter and obtain leaching liquor, use low temp dryer concentrate drying at 40 ~ 60 DEG C of temperature to obtain traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder;
2) dry raw material is obtained by dry respectively to corn germ cake, oat bran, rde bean, black soya bean, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves, Herba portulacae, fig, motherwort, spirulina powder, asparagus, Chinese ixeris herb, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle, the root of large-flowered skullcap, clearvers, pangolin, tortoiseshell, propolis, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt and calcium carbonate; take rear mixing by weight and drop into pulverizer pulverizing; stir and evenly mix after crossing 2 ~ 4 mesh sieves; feed granulator is used to be pressed into pellet; the cylindrical particle that pellet is length 2 ~ 4 centimetres, diameter of section is 1 ~ 2 centimetre, to obtain final product.
embodiment 5
Corn germ cake 40 parts, oat bran 10 parts, rde bean 10 parts, 10 parts, black soya bean, 20 parts, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves 10 parts, Herba portulacae 10 parts, fig 10 parts, motherwort 5 parts, spirulina powder 5 parts, asparagus 5 parts, Chinese ixeris herb 6 parts, 6 parts, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle 2 parts, the root of large-flowered skullcap 6 parts, clearvers 6 parts, pangolin 5 parts, tortoiseshell 1 part, propolis 20 parts, 10 parts, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt 1 part, 0.2 part, calcium carbonate;
Preparation method, comprises the steps:
1) Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome and the root of herbaceous peony are mixed by weight 3 ~ 4:1 ~ 2:5 ~ 7:5 ~ 7:5 ~ 7:1 ~ 2, add the ethanol water that volume fraction is 50%, carry out ultrasonic wave by ultrasonic wave extraction equipment to extract 35 ~ 40 minutes, Extracting temperature 45 ~ 50 DEG C, filter and obtain leaching liquor, use low temp dryer concentrate drying at 40 ~ 60 DEG C of temperature to obtain traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder;
2) dry raw material is obtained by dry respectively to corn germ cake, oat bran, rde bean, black soya bean, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves, Herba portulacae, fig, motherwort, spirulina powder, asparagus, Chinese ixeris herb, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle, the root of large-flowered skullcap, clearvers, pangolin, tortoiseshell, propolis, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt and calcium carbonate; take rear mixing by weight and drop into pulverizer pulverizing; stir and evenly mix after crossing 2 ~ 4 mesh sieves; feed granulator is used to be pressed into pellet; the cylindrical particle that pellet is length 2 ~ 4 centimetres, diameter of section is 1 ~ 2 centimetre, to obtain final product.
test experiments
The cow of calving after 10 ~ 15 days 1000 is chosen in dairy cow farm, the method of salary distribution of 200 is selected to be divided into 5 groups by every group in 1000, the feed correspondence of each embodiment throws something and feeds 1 group, record original body mass when throwing something and feeding feed of the present invention and the body weight after throwing something and feeding 3 months, and record on average every ox daily yielding total number of days of being greater than 20kg/ days, record is every ox daily yielding total number of days of being greater than 30kg/ days on average.Give milk to embodiment 1 ~ 5 cow and carry out multiple sampling detection, calculate the mean value typing table 1 that multiple sampling detects data, the method for multiple sampling adopts each embodiment random samplings in every 5 days mode once, and detection mode establishing criteria GB/T5413 detects.
Table 1 embodiment 1 ~ 5 test result
Can be found out by table 1: after feedstuff feeding of the present invention, total number of days that the output of milk of cow is greater than 20kg/ days can reach 259 ~ 263 days, can the output of milk of stable for extended periods of time in lactation period, and total number of days that wherein the cow output of milk is greater than 28kg/ days is more than 130 days, after the feed of the present invention that proves to throw something and feed, obviously peak period of giving milk can be extended.Detected can be found out by former milk quality, after feed of the present invention of throwing something and feeding while high yield, cow quality of giving milk still can maintain higher level, and wherein butterfat, lactose and protein content are higher, reach the standard of high-quality milk.The cow of embodiment 1 ~ 5 during feed of the present invention of throwing something and feeding all occurs without mammary gland disease, and death rate is zero, has good preventive effect for cow mammary gland disease.
The above is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, and be not restriction invention being made to other form, any those skilled in the art may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed or be modified as the Equivalent embodiments of equivalent variations.But everyly do not depart from technical solution of the present invention content, any simple modification, equivalent variations and the remodeling done above embodiment according to technical spirit of the present invention, still belong to the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. one kind lactation period cow feed, it is characterized in that, be made up of the dry raw material of following weight portion: corn germ cake 30 ~ 40 parts, oat bran 10 ~ 20 parts, rde bean 10 ~ 30 parts, 10 ~ 30 parts, black soya bean, 10 ~ 20 parts, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves 10 ~ 20 parts, Herba portulacae 5 ~ 10 parts, fig 5 ~ 10 parts, motherwort 5 ~ 10 parts, spirulina powder 5 ~ 10 parts, asparagus 5 ~ 10 parts, Chinese ixeris herb 2 ~ 6 parts, 2 ~ 6 parts, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle 2 ~ 6 parts, the root of large-flowered skullcap 2 ~ 6 parts, clearvers 2 ~ 6 parts, pangolin 1 ~ 5 part, tortoiseshell 1 ~ 5 part, propolis 5 ~ 20 parts, 5 ~ 10 parts, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt 0.5 ~ 5 part, 0.05 ~ 0.5 part, calcium carbonate, described traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder is Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome, the root of herbaceous peony 2 ~ 5:1 ~ 3:3 ~ 7:3 by weight ~ 7:3 ~ 7:1 ~ 3 mixing, obtains leaching liquor through lixiviate, the powder that concentrated leaching liquor obtains.
2. one cow feed lactation period according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: corn germ cake 30 ~ 35 parts, oat bran 15 ~ 18 parts, rde bean 20 ~ 28 parts, 20 ~ 28 parts, black soya bean, 15 ~ 18 parts, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves 15 ~ 18 parts, Herba portulacae 7 ~ 9 parts, fig 7 ~ 9 parts, motherwort 7 ~ 9 parts, spirulina powder 7 ~ 9 parts, asparagus 7 ~ 9 parts, Chinese ixeris herb 3 ~ 5 parts, 3 ~ 5 parts, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle 3 ~ 5 parts, the root of large-flowered skullcap 3 ~ 5 parts, clearvers 3 ~ 5 parts, pangolin 3 ~ 5 parts, tortoiseshell 1 ~ 3 part, propolis 10 ~ 15 parts, 6 ~ 8 parts, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt 0.5 ~ 2 part, 0.05 ~ 0.2 part, calcium carbonate, described traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder is Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome, the root of herbaceous peony 3 ~ 4:1 ~ 2:5 ~ 7:5 by weight ~ 7:5 ~ 7:1 ~ 2 mixing, obtains leaching liquor through lixiviate, the powder that concentrated leaching liquor obtains.
3. one cow feed lactation period according to claim 1, is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: corn germ cake 32 parts, oat bran 16 parts, rde bean 25 parts, 25 parts, black soya bean, 18 parts, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves 16 parts, Herba portulacae 7 parts, fig 8 parts, motherwort 7 parts, spirulina powder 9 parts, asparagus 9 parts, Chinese ixeris herb 4 parts, 5 parts, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle 5 parts, the root of large-flowered skullcap 4 parts, clearvers 5 parts, pangolin 4 parts, tortoiseshell 2 parts, propolis 14 parts, 8 parts, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt 0.5 ~ 1 part, 0.05 ~ 0.1 part, calcium carbonate; Described traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder is the 4:2:5:7:6:2 mixing by weight of Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome, the root of herbaceous peony, obtains leaching liquor through lixiviate, the powder that concentrated leaching liquor obtains.
4. described in any one of claim 1 ~ 3 a kind of lactation period cow feed preparation method, it is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
1) by the mixing by weight of Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome, the root of herbaceous peony, obtain leaching liquor through lixiviate, concentrate drying leaching liquor obtains traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder;
2) dry raw material is obtained by dry respectively to corn germ cake, oat bran, rde bean, black soya bean, sponge gourd, sweet potato leaves, Herba portulacae, fig, motherwort, spirulina powder, asparagus, Chinese ixeris herb, mulberry leaf, honeysuckle, the root of large-flowered skullcap, clearvers, pangolin, tortoiseshell, propolis, traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, salt and calcium carbonate; take rear mixing by weight and drop into pulverizer pulverizing; stir and evenly mix after crossing 2 ~ 4 mesh sieves; use feed granulator to be pressed into pellet, to obtain final product.
5. a kind of lactation period according to claim 4 cow feed preparation method, it is characterized in that: the concrete operations of step 1) are for mixing Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome and the root of herbaceous peony by weight 2 ~ 5:1 ~ 3:3 ~ 7:3 ~ 7:3 ~ 7:1 ~ 3, add the ethanol water that volume fraction is 40 ~ 60%, carry out ultrasonic wave by ultrasonic wave extraction equipment to extract 20 ~ 40 minutes, Extracting temperature 30 ~ 50 DEG C; Filter and obtain leaching liquor, concentrate drying leaching liquor obtains traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder.
6. a kind of lactation period according to claim 5 cow feed preparation method, it is characterized in that: the concrete operations of step 1) are for mixing Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Ligusticum wallichii, akebi, the bighead atractylodes rhizome and the root of herbaceous peony by weight 3 ~ 4:1 ~ 2:5 ~ 7:5 ~ 7:5 ~ 7:1 ~ 2, add the ethanol water that volume fraction is 50%, carry out ultrasonic wave by ultrasonic wave extraction equipment to extract 35 ~ 40 minutes, Extracting temperature 45 ~ 50 DEG C, filter and obtain leaching liquor, concentrate drying leaching liquor obtains traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder.
7. a kind of lactation period according to claim 4 cow feed preparation method, it is characterized in that: the concrete operations of the concentrate drying leaching liquor described in step 1) are: use low temp dryer concentrate drying at 40 ~ 60 DEG C of temperature to obtain traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder, or use freeze dryer freeze drying to obtain traditional Chinese drug inspissation powder.
8. a kind of lactation period according to claim 4 cow feed preparation method, it is characterized in that: step 2) described in pellet be length 2 ~ 4 centimetres, diameter of section is the cylindrical particle of 1 ~ 2 centimetre.
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