CN105059463A - Integrated wheel and electric vehicle with integrated wheel - Google Patents

Integrated wheel and electric vehicle with integrated wheel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105059463A
CN105059463A CN201510470199.9A CN201510470199A CN105059463A CN 105059463 A CN105059463 A CN 105059463A CN 201510470199 A CN201510470199 A CN 201510470199A CN 105059463 A CN105059463 A CN 105059463A
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China
Prior art keywords
wheel
integrated
motor
controller
battery
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CN201510470199.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史竞成
顾文蔚
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SUZHOU SUDIE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SUZHOU SUDIE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510470199.9A priority Critical patent/CN105059463A/en
Publication of CN105059463A publication Critical patent/CN105059463A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an integrated wheel and a corresponding electric vehicle. The integrated wheel comprises a hub and a wheel cover, wherein a shaft core and an external tooth ring are arranged on the hub, and a controller, a motor, a power transmission mechanism, a pair of bearings, a fixing frame, a charging assembly and a ratchet wheel assembly are arranged on the shaft core; the controller is connected with the motor, the charging assembly and the ratchet wheel assembly; the motor is connected with the power transmission mechanism; the power transmission mechanism is connected with the external tooth ring, and the hub and the wheel cover are respectively connected with one bearing; a battery assembly is arranged on the fixing frame and connected with the controller and the motor. The integrated wheel disclosed by the invention is exquisite in design, simple to operate, balanced and stable in power transmission and high in efficiency; all electric components are convenient and easy to wire and thread, so that interference caused by rotation on wiring is avoided, and the operating efficiency and the stability of connection among all the components are greatly improved; the integrated wheel is convenient to charge, and besides the hollow shaft core is also favorable for heat conduction and heat dissipation, so that the heat dissipating efficiency is improved. The integrated wheel disclosed by the invention can be suitable for various types of bicycles and various types of electric vehicles and is good in adaptability and wide in application range.

Description

A kind of integrated wheel and adopt the battery-driven car of described integrated wheel
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of wheel and battery-driven car, especially a kind of integrated wheel of integrated form and adopt the battery-driven car of described integrated wheel.
Background technology
The history modal ICE-powered automobile more present than us of battery-driven car wants Zao.The Hungarian inventor of father of DC machine, engineer A Niushiyedelike early than 1828 at bench-scale experiment the running gear of electromagnetic rotating.American Thomas Davenport produced the battery-driven car of first DC motor Driver in 1834.Between 1832 to 1838, Scotch Robert has invented Anderson electrically operated carriage, the vehicle that this primary cell being a use can not be charged drives.
Battery-driven car is using battery as energy source, by the parts such as controller, motor, is mechanical energy motion by electric energy conversion, to control the vehicle that size of current changes speed.Electrical Bicycle, it is the one of battery-driven car, it refers to using storage battery as auxiliary energy, on the basis of ordinary bicycle, has installed the Personal Transporter of the electromechanical integration of the control members such as motor, controller, storage battery, handle, brake lever and display instrument system.
Along with the fast development of China's battery-driven car manufacturing, battery-driven car has become the indispensable vehicle in countless families, but Electrical Bicycle common is at present that walk or traditional assembling route, motor, battery, control desk is arranged on the different parts of vehicle body respectively, the battery-driven car of this structure, body structure is complicated, build is large, from great, not simply attractive in appearance viewed from installation and outward appearance angle, if can motor, battery, these parts of control desk are all integrated together formation integrated wheel, both installation process is simplified like this, also whole battery-driven car has been beautified, make electric vehicle structure simpler, light, if application number is the Electrical Bicycle wheels as described in 201510062207.6, there is disclosed the concept of above-mentioned integrated wheel, but in its structure disclosed, only simply describe the position relationship of each parts, and the wiring issue between each parts is not mentioned, and due to installing space less, cabling between each parts, wiring difficulty is also larger, radiating efficiency is relatively low, the kinetic energy driving efficiency of motor is not high, further, battery charging problems is not considered in above-mentioned application, once battery storage electricity exhausts, cannot charge, and being integrated on wheel due to battery, the rotation of wheel can produce certain influence by butted line, and the wiring therefore how realized between battery and charging inlet also will become a great problem.
Simultaneously, existing battery-driven car often only has a storage battery to provide electric power, its flying power is relatively weak, as will flying power be increased, often need increase extra storage battery or carry out technological improvement to storage battery, conventional accumulators often takes up room and weight is large, increases battery-driven car build and deadweight, is not inconsistent with the requirement of current power car " lightweight, small and exquisite "; And the storage battery improved is expensive, technical requirements is high, adds the productive costs of enterprise.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is exactly to solve the above-mentioned problems in the prior art, provides integrated wheel and adopts the battery-driven car of described integrated wheel.The integrated wheel of the application is on the basis of brand-new mechatronics design theory, after having merged telecontrol engineering, permanent magnetic brushless technology and lithium cell group technique cleverly, and an innovation, the comprehensive scheme of proposition.
Object of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of integrated wheel, the wheel cap comprising wheel hub and be connected with described wheel hub, described wheel hub is provided with coaxial axle center and external toothing, described axle center is provided with controller, motor, Power train, pair of bearings, fixed mount, charging assembly and ratchet assembly, described controller is connected with described motor, charging assembly and ratchet assembly, described motor is connected with described Power train, described Power train is connected with described external toothing and drives described hub rotation, and described wheel hub and wheel cap connect bearing described in respectively; Described fixed mount is provided with battery component, and described battery component and described controller and motor are electrically connected.
Preferably, described integrated wheel, wherein: described axle center comprises body, described body offers along the through hole of X-direction, some cable-through holes and some mounting grooves, and described through hole and cable-through hole are used for the threading between each electric component; Described mounting groove is for installing described controller, motor, Power train, fixed mount and ratchet device.
Preferably, described integrated wheel, wherein: described motor is permanent magnetic brushless.
Preferably, described integrated wheel, wherein: described Power train comprises the planetary wheel mated with described motor, and described planetary wheel is arranged on described axle center by pinion carrier, and described planetary wheel engages with described external toothing.
Preferably, described integrated wheel, wherein: described fixed mount comprises annular arrangement body, described annular arrangement body comprises some battery core mounting grooves, and described ring body gap is set in described external toothing periphery and distance between its width and described controller to described pinion carrier is suitable.
Preferably, described integrated wheel, wherein: described charging assembly comprises charging inlet, source switch and electric-quantity display device.
Preferably, described integrated wheel, wherein: described ratchet assembly comprises magnet steel and Hall element, described Hall element is connected with described controller, and coordinates with described magnet steel and send signal to described controller.
Preferably, described integrated wheel, wherein: described battery two ends are welded with nickel sheet, the elongated end of described nickel sheet is connected with described controller, and described controller is connected with the charging inlet on described charging assembly by wire.
A kind of Electrical Bicycle, the front-wheel of described Electrical Bicycle and/or trailing wheel are above-mentioned integrated wheels, and described integrated wheel is connected on electromobile frame by quick-changing mechanism.
Preferably, described a kind of Electrical Bicycle, wherein: described integrated wheel is the trailing wheel of battery-driven car, and the ratchet assembly on described integrated wheel is connected with crank fluted disc by chain.
The advantage of technical solution of the present invention is mainly reflected in:
1, deft design of the present invention, simple to operate, compact overall structure, and each part fits is close, ensure that the perfection set of each parts in small space and noiseless each other, whole power drive system transmission of power balance and stability, and driving efficiency is high; Hollow axle center parts make the cabling between each electric component, threading convenient and easy, and self do not rotate with wheel hub due to each parts, avoid the interference of rotating and cabling being produced, substantially increase the work efficiency of each parts connection and the stability of connection; Hollow axle center is also conducive to heat loss through conduction, improves radiating efficiency; Owing to being provided with charging structure, charging is convenient, safety; Meanwhile, integrated wheel of the present invention is suitable for various types of bicycle, battery-driven car, and installs facility, strong adaptability, applied widely.
2, the battery-driven car of integrated wheel in the present invention is adopted, its structure comparatively common electric car can have more distortion, and structure is simple, do not need special battery carrier, controller bay etc., wiring between each parts, cabling are also relatively easy, be conducive to the production efficiency improving enterprise, reduce the productive costs of enterprise; Simultaneously, under a plurality of modes of operation or under assembly model, when not increasing extra means and do not change electric vehicle structure, the flying power of battery-driven car can either be improved greatly, for the remote traveling of battery-driven car creates conditions, also meet the requirement of battery-driven car " little, light ".
3, the battery-driven car of integrated wheel is used, under assistant mode, can not only recreation and body-building be carried out, because electric current used is about the half of pure electric vehicle, avoid the damage of heavy-current discharge to battery, simultaneously, logical initialization system boosting function, according to the mode of riding of user and controller---the matching of motor, can change the compensation rate of moment parameter and the compensation rate of kinetic energy parameter, make manpower and power balance, it designs hommization more.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the embodiment of the present invention 1 axis structural representation;
Fig. 3 is the lateral plan of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Detailed description of the invention
Object of the present invention, advantage and disadvantage, by for illustration and explanation for the non-limitative illustration passing through preferred embodiment below.These embodiments are only the prominent examples of application technical solution of the present invention, allly take equivalent replacement or equivalent transformation and the technical scheme that formed, all drop within the scope of protection of present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of integrated wheel that the present invention discloses, as shown in Figure 1, the wheel cap 2 comprising wheel hub 1 and mate with described wheel hub 1, described wheel hub 1 is shield shape or pot cover shape with the contour approximation of wheel cap 2, they take Y-axis as axis of symmetry, described wheel hub 1 and wheel cap 2 are connected by some bolts and they form a hollow cavity after linking into an integrated entity, and the center of described wheel hub 1 and wheel cap 2 is provided with centre hole.
Described wheel hub 1 is provided with coaxial axle center 3 and external toothing 4, as shown in Figure 2, described axle center 3 comprises body 31, described body 31 offers through hole 32, cable-through hole 33, the some mounting grooves 34 along X-direction, its two ends outer wall is also provided with outside thread, the diameter of described through hole 32 is through appropriate design, be preferably 6mm, the shape of described mounting groove 34 can be known any shape, as circle, oblong, square etc., concrete shape can require to arrange according to the actual installation of parts mounted thereto; The centre hole of described wheel hub 1 and wheel cap 2 is run through in described axle center 3, and its outside thread region, two ends is positioned at outside the hollow cavity that described wheel hub 1 and wheel cap 2 formed.
Described axle center 3 is provided with controller 5, motor 6, Power train 7, pair of bearings 8, fixed mount 9 and charging assembly 10, wherein, described controller 5, motor 6, Power train 7 are separately fixed in different mounting grooves 34 by key pin, and described motor 6 and Power train 7 are set on the outer wall in described axle center 3; Meanwhile, in the present embodiment, above-mentioned each parts set gradually from first end 35 to the second end 36 in described axle center 3, and its order is charging assembly 10, bearing 8, fixed mount 9, controller 5, motor 6, Power train 7 and bearing 8.
When described integrated wheel has been assembled, described charging assembly 10 is positioned at outside the hollow cavity that described wheel hub 1 and wheel cap 2 formed, and described controller 5, motor 6, Power train 7, fixed mount 9 and battery component 12 are all positioned at the hollow cavity that described wheel hub 1 and wheel cap 2 are formed; And the centre hole of described wheel hub 1 and wheel cap 2 is fastened on the outer ring of bearing 8 described in respectively, and described wheel hub 1 and wheel cap 2 are rotated around the inner ring of described bearing 8.
As shown in Figure 3, described charging assembly 10 comprises installation body, described installation body is provided with charging inlet 101, source switch 102, electric-quantity display device 103 and charging inlet protective cover 104, described source switch 102 can be known any switch, is preferably power supply self-lock switch in the present embodiment; Described electric-quantity display device 103 can be known any read out instrument, and as LED, digital display screen, LCDs etc., the present embodiment is preferably the LED bulb of at least 3 display different colours; Described charging inlet protective cover 104 can be any protective device mated with described charging inlet 101, and as slip lid, soft rubber ball etc., be preferably rubber plug in the present embodiment, described rubber plug is fixed on described installation body by an elastic component.
Described installation body is arranged on described body 31 by an axle sleeve 13, described axle sleeve 13 comprises the first adapter shaft and the second adapter shaft, both have diff-H, described axle sleeve 13 is sleeved on described body 31 near described externally threaded region, described charging assembly 10 is set on the first adapter shaft of described axle sleeve 13, and when described integrated wheel has been assembled, it is emerging in described wheel hub 1 and encloses outside region with wheel cap 2; The inner ring being positioned at the described bearing 8 of first end 35 side, described axle center 3 is fixedly set on the second adapter shaft of described axle sleeve 13.
Described controller 5 is electrically connected by wire with described motor 6, described motor 6 is connected with described Power train 7, described Power train 7 is connected with described external toothing 4 and drives described wheel hub 1 to rotate, concrete, described motor 6 is preferably permanent magnetic brushless, can be known any brand, the permanent magnetic brushless of any model, be preferably the permanent magnetic brushless of Suzhou Jie Xiang battery-driven car Co., Ltd independent research in the present embodiment, it comprises sun wheel; Described transmission device 7 is for giving described wheel hub 1 by the power transmission of described motor 6 and driving it to rotate, it comprises the planetary wheel 71 engaged with the solar wheeling tooth of described motor 6, described planetary wheel 71 is arranged on described axle center 3 by pinion carrier 72, and described planetary wheel 71 engages with the external toothing 4 be arranged on described wheel hub 1.
After described motor 6 is energized, described sun wheel drives described planetary wheel 71 to rotate, and described planetary wheel 71 drives again described external toothing 4 to rotate, thus described wheel hub 1 is rotated; Now, because described wheel hub 1 is integrally connected with wheel cap 2, again because they connect bearing 8 described in respectively, therefore they rotate around described bearing 8 jointly; Meanwhile, because described axle center 3 and controller 5, motor 6, fixed mount 9 and the charging assembly 10 be connected on described axle center 3 are not all connected with described wheel hub 1 and wheel cap 2, therefore they all do not rotate; Owing to described axle center 3 being provided with through hole 32 and cable-through hole 33 for the threading between each electric component, the connection therefore between each parts is very stable, can not be interfered because of the rotation of wheel hub, and is connected also more simple between each parts by wire.
Described fixed mount 9 comprises annular arrangement body 91, and described annular arrangement body 91 comprises inner ring and outer ring, is provided with some battery core mounting holes 92 between described inner ring and outer ring, and described inner ring is hollow structure; Described ring body 91 gap is set in the periphery of described external toothing 4 and distance between its width and described controller 5 to described pinion carrier 72 is close, thus makes described controller 5, motor 6 and Power train 7 be coated in the hollow region of described inner ring; Be provided with battery core in described battery core mounting hole 92, described fixed mount 9 is also provided with the battery controller be connected with described battery core, described battery controller is fixed on axle center 3 by ring support.
Described battery component 12 is connected with described controller 5 and motor 6 electric wire, and described battery component 12 carries out charging and/or is that described motor 6 is powered under the control of described controller 5; Concrete, described battery component 12 two ends are welded with nickel sheet, the elongated end of described nickel sheet is connected with described controller 5, described controller 5 is connected with the charging inlet 101 on described charging assembly 10 by wire, herein because the nickel sheet line between described battery component 12 and controller 5 is unfixed, thus not shown.
Further, described axle center 3 is also provided with ratchet assembly 11, described ratchet assembly 11 comprises magnet steel and Hall element, described Hall element and described controller 5, and described magnet steel coordinates the signal sending starter motor to described controller with Hall element; Described ratchet assembly 11 is set on described axle center, and it is positioned at outer and the second end near described axle center 3 of hollow cavity that described wheel hub 1 and wheel cap 2 enclose.
During above-mentioned integrated wheel work, its detailed process is as follows:
After opening described source switch 102, described electric-quantity display device 103 shows described battery component 12 current residual electricity; When electricity is not enough, after opening described charging inlet protective cover 104, by charging wire, described charging inlet 101 is connected with power supply, can to described battery component 12 row charging; After battery component 12 is full of electricity, disconnect the connection of described charging inlet 1 and described power supply.
Now, user is transmitted control signal to described controller 5 by remote control shifter, when described controller 5 receives the signal starting described motor 6, it controls described battery component 12 is that the power supply of described motor 6 makes it start, rotor in described motor 6 rotates and drives connected sun wheel to rotate under galvanomagnetic effect, sun wheel and then drive described planetary wheel 71 to rotate, the transmission of power of sun wheel is given the external toothing 4 engaged with it by described planetary wheel 71 again, described external toothing 4 drives described wheel hub 1 and wheel cap 2 to rotate around described bearing 8 again, such wheel can overall rotate around described axle center 3, the rotating speed of wheel can be controlled by the rotating speed of remote control shifter adjustment motor 6, realize the adjustment of the speed of a motor vehicle, when user does not need to use described integrated wheel, control the power supply that described controller 5 disconnects motor 6, then press described power supply self-lock switch by remote control shifter, power cut-off connects.
Embodiment 2
A nearlyer step, present invention further teaches a kind of battery-driven car, the trailing wheel of described battery-driven car or front-wheel are the integrated wheels described in embodiment 1, being preferably trailing wheel in the present embodiment is described integrated wheel, front-wheel is common wheel, described battery-driven car comprises vehicle frame, described vehicle frame can be any in known ordinary bicycle or folding bicycle or electromobile frame, be preferably folding bicycle frame, described vehicle frame is provided with common front-wheel, described integrated wheel is arranged on described vehicle frame by quick-changing mechanism, and the ratchet assembly 11 on described integrated wheel is connected with the crank fluted disc on bicycle by chain.
When using this battery-driven car, the process of its remote pilot is identical with process described in embodiment 1, does not repeat them here; When the personnel of riding do not use remote control shifter or user's pin steps on body-building, it is rotated by crank fluted disc described in pedal drive, described crank fluted disc drives chain drive flywheel again, when the magnet steel on flywheel is close to Hall element, described Hall element detects the dynamic force moment produced when people's pin is stepped on, and change dynamic torque signals into digital signal, transfer analog signal output again to controller 5, described controller 5 is powered to described motor 6, after this, the similar process of its working process and embodiment 1; Due to different pedal speed, described Hall element can adjust the rotating speed of described motor 6 automatically according to the signal gathered, synchronous reinforcement carries out auxiliary travelling, realize manpower to drive and power-actuated perfect coordination and balance, increase the traveling comfort of riding, greatly can extend the endurance of battery-driven car simultaneously.
Certainly, in the present embodiment, take turns when the front-wheel of described battery-driven car is integrated, when trailing wheel is ordinary wheel, described integrated wheel can also save described ratchet assembly 11, now vehicle frame also can save the assemblies such as foot-operated and crank fluted disc, its type of drive only has being controlled by remote control shifter described in embodiment 1; Certainly in some cases also can not the above-mentioned parts in provinces and regions, but the structure that change ordinary bicycle crank fluted disc is connected with trailing wheel by chain, crank fluted disc is connected with front-wheel and drives it to rotate, it also can be driven with coordinating of Hall element by magnet steel like this.
Embodiment 3
A kind of battery-driven car that the present embodiment discloses further, compared with embodiment 2, the integral structure of the present embodiment is similar to embodiment 2, its distinctive points is: the trailing wheel of described battery-driven car and front-wheel are all the integrated wheels described in embodiment 1, certain described integrated wheel as front-wheel can be saved described ratchet assembly 11, two described integrated wheels and is all connected on vehicle frame by quick-changing mechanism.
During work, its control process and embodiment 1 and 2 similar, difference is: user first can control a job in front-wheel or trailing wheel; When the electric power of the preferential integrated wheel used is not enough, restarts another integrated wheel and carry out work, so namely not increasing extra battery-driven car assembly and not changing on the basis of battery-driven car original structure, can greatly increase the flying power of battery-driven car.
The present invention still has numerous embodiments; such as; along with the development of network technology and intelligent equipment; integrated wheel of the present invention and battery-driven car also can by arranging network connecting module; utilize network and user side to carry out communication, user can realize the control of integrated wheel by smart machines such as mobile phones, therefore; all employing equivalents or equivalent transformation and all technical schemes formed, all drop within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an integrated wheel, the wheel cap (2) comprising wheel hub (1) and be connected with described wheel hub (1), it is characterized in that: described wheel hub (1) is provided with coaxial axle center (3) and external toothing (4), described axle center (3) is provided with controller (5), motor (6), Power train (7), pair of bearings (8), fixed mount (9), charging assembly (10) and ratchet assembly (11), described controller (5) and described motor (6), charging assembly (10) and ratchet assembly (11) connect, described motor (6) is connected with described Power train (7), described Power train (7) is connected with described external toothing (4) and drives described wheel hub (1) to rotate, described wheel hub (1) and wheel cap (2) connect bearing (8) described in respectively, described fixed mount (9) is provided with battery component (12), described battery component (12) is electrically connected with described controller (5) and motor (6).
2. integrated wheel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described axle center (3) comprise body (31), described body (31) offers along the through hole (32) of X-direction, some cable-through holes (33) and some mounting grooves (34), described through hole (32) and cable-through hole (33) are for the threading between each electric component; Described mounting groove (34) is for installing described controller (5), motor (6), Power train (7), fixed mount (9) and ratchet device (11).
3. integrated wheel according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described motor (6) is permanent magnetic brushless.
4. integrated wheel according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described Power train (7) comprises the planetary wheel (71) mated with described motor (6), described planetary wheel (71) is arranged on described axle center (3) by pinion carrier (72), and described planetary wheel (71) engages with described external toothing (4).
5. integrated wheel according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described fixed mount (9) comprises annular arrangement body (91), described annular arrangement body (91) comprises some battery core mounting grooves (92), and described ring body (91) gap is set in described external toothing (4) periphery and distance between its width and described controller (5) to described pinion carrier (72) is suitable.
6. integrated wheel according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described charging assembly (10) comprises charging inlet (101), source switch (102) and electric-quantity display device (103).
7. integrated wheel according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ratchet assembly (11) comprises magnet steel and Hall element, described Hall element is connected with described controller (5), and coordinates with described magnet steel and send signal to described controller (5).
8. integrated wheel according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described battery component (12) two ends are welded with nickel sheet, the elongated end of described nickel sheet is connected with described controller (5), and described controller (5) is connected with the charging inlet (101) on described charging assembly (10) by wire.
9. an Electrical Bicycle, is characterized in that: the front-wheel of described Electrical Bicycle and/or trailing wheel are the arbitrary described integrated wheels of claim 1-8, and described integrated wheel is connected on electromobile frame by quick-changing mechanism.
10. a kind of Electrical Bicycle according to claim 9, is characterized in that: described integrated wheel is the trailing wheel of battery-driven car, and the ratchet assembly (11) on described integrated wheel is connected with crank fluted disc by chain.
CN201510470199.9A 2015-08-04 2015-08-04 Integrated wheel and electric vehicle with integrated wheel Pending CN105059463A (en)

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CN106314024A (en) * 2016-09-12 2017-01-11 常州摩本智能科技有限公司 Omnidirectional mobile device

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