CN104996272A - Distributed type grafted plant irrigation method - Google Patents

Distributed type grafted plant irrigation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104996272A
CN104996272A CN201510333206.0A CN201510333206A CN104996272A CN 104996272 A CN104996272 A CN 104996272A CN 201510333206 A CN201510333206 A CN 201510333206A CN 104996272 A CN104996272 A CN 104996272A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
irrigation
water
distributed
stock
guide pillar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510333206.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴福圆
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hubei Hangfa Nursery Stock Gardening Investment Co Ltd
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Hubei Hangfa Nursery Stock Gardening Investment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Hubei Hangfa Nursery Stock Gardening Investment Co Ltd filed Critical Hubei Hangfa Nursery Stock Gardening Investment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510333206.0A priority Critical patent/CN104996272A/en
Publication of CN104996272A publication Critical patent/CN104996272A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation

Abstract

The invention relates to a distributed type grafted plant irrigation method, and belongs to the agricultural technical field. The method comprises: arranging and transplanting grafted stocks into a field in four rows; arranging a water supply primary tube and a water draining primary tube at the two sides of the stocks; fixedly mounting a distributed type irrigation head, with a water inlet and a water outlet, at top ends of branches and trunks of the stocks; respectively connecting the distributed type irrigation head, the water supply primary tube and the water draining primary tube by a water tube; and pumping water into the distributed type irrigation head by a water pump to irrigate. According to the method disclosed by the invention, precise spray irrigation management on grafted plants is achieved by arranging the grafted plants, laying pipelines and arranging the distributed type irrigation head, thereby effectively controlling water supply amount of the grafted plants and greatly reducing water consumption; and a spray irrigation device is simple, efficient and long in service life.

Description

Distributed graft irrigation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the irrigation method of a Plants, be specifically related to a kind of distributed graft irrigation method.
Background technology
Plant irrigation is the important subject of China's agriculture field always, particularly along with the continuous enhancing of global greenhouse effect, temperature constantly raises, various places abnormal climate occurs often, be badly in need of the irrigation watering operation that crop is continued, manpower pouring is not only wasted time and energy, also very waste water resource.Compare external, the irrigating facility of China and irrigation method seem perfect not, there is a lot of weak point, particularly after plant carries out grafting, then add important to the irrigation operation of stock and scion, need reasonably to spray, and the season that applicable plant carries out grafting is generally the 2-6 month, cross over the spring during this period of time, summer, it is rainwater multiple season, is no lack of again strong dry weather at sunshine, be difficult to when irrigating grasp suitable irrigation volume, often cause irrigate when a large amount of rainfall excessive, or the very few phenomenon that feeds water when arid, make the plant after grafting because irrigation is improper and be difficult to survive, still do not have at present a kind of suitable irrigation method for plant after grafting can effective control irrigation amount.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is, in order to overcome the above-mentioned defect existed in prior art, to provide a kind of distributed graft irrigation method.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides a kind of distributed graft irrigation method, carry out according to the following steps:
Plant transplanting, is transplanted to field by the stock after grafting by four row arrangements, and the stock line space after transplanting is 2m-2.5m, and column pitch is 1.5m-2m;
The layout of irrigation installation, near stock after the transfer, water tank is set, on water tank limit, water pump is set, other along row to layout service main at first row stock, other along row to layout drain header at the 4th row stock, distributed irrigation head is fixedly mounted on stock limb top, distributed irrigation head is provided with water inlet and delivery port, service main is provided with the row of stock to arranging several corresponding automatic valves, each automatic valve is connected with the water inlet of corresponding row to the distributed irrigation head on the first row stock arranged by water pipe, the delivery port of the distributed irrigation head on first row stock is connected by the water inlet of water pipe with the distributed irrigation head on same a line secondary series stock, the delivery port of the distributed irrigation head on secondary series stock is connected by the water inlet of water pipe with the distributed irrigation head on same a line the 3rd row stock, the delivery port of the distributed irrigation head on the 3rd row stock is connected by the water inlet of water pipe with the distributed irrigation head on same a line the 4th row stock, the delivery port of the distributed irrigation head on the 4th row stock is connected with drain header by water pipe, be connected with water pipe between water tank with water pump, be connected with water pipe between water pump with service main, be connected with water pipe between drain header with water tank,
Irrigation operation, water is introduced water tank, with water pump, the water in water tank is led to service main, control the feedwater of every a line stock by the automatic valve opened and closed on service main and cut off the water, water during feedwater in service main is successively by flowing to drain header after the distributed irrigation head on every a line stock, and finally returning water tank, current are by carrying out irrigation operation to stock during distributed irrigation head.
In technique scheme, described distributed irrigation head comprises sprinkling irrigation base, lower fixed station, sprinkler body, hollow guide pillar and upper fixed station;
The bottom of described sprinkling irrigation base is provided with water inlet, and the inside of described sprinkling irrigation base is provided with the compression chamber of upside down funnel shape, and the bottom of described compression chamber is communicated with water inlet;
Described lower fixed station is mounted by means of bolts on the top of described sprinkling irrigation base, and described lower fixed station is provided with lower convex platform, is provided with low groove in the middle of described lower convex platform;
Described sprinkler body is cylindrical, described hollow guide pillar is hollow cylindrical, the length of described hollow guide pillar is greater than the length of described sprinkler body, described hollow guide pillar passes perpendicularly through the center of described sprinkler body and is connected in aggregates with described sprinkler body, described sprinkler body evenly has some sprinkling irrigation passages, described sprinkling irrigation passage is communicated with described hollow guide pillar, also rotating shaft is provided with in described hollow guide pillar, the blade that some groups are subject to automatic rotation after impulse force described rotating shaft is equipped with, the bottom of described hollow guide pillar is arranged in described low groove, the bottom of described rotating shaft is fixed on described lower fixed station,
Fixed platform is provided with convex platform, described convex platform is provided with upper groove, the top of described hollow guide pillar is arranged in described upper groove, and the top of described rotating shaft is fixed on fixed platform, and the top of fixed is provided with delivery port;
The bottom of described hollow guide pillar is communicated with the top of described compression chamber, and the top of described hollow guide pillar is communicated with described delivery port, and the two ends of described rotating shaft are provided with dead lever, and described rotating shaft is fixedly connected with hollow guide pillar by described dead lever.
In technique scheme, the contact surface of described hollow guide pillar and upper groove and low groove is provided with the skidding of buffering.
In technique scheme, described sprinkling irrigation passage is passage tortuous up and down, and the number of bends of any two tortuous passageway is all not identical.
In technique scheme, between described water tank and water pump, be also provided with filter.
In technique scheme, described filter is film filter.
The present invention has significant technique effect, by the distributed shower head of the arranged to graft, pipe laying and setting, accomplish to manage the Precision irrigation of graft, the effective confluent controlling graft, can also using water wisely in a large number, rainer simple efficient, the life-span is long.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is distributed graft irrigation method schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of distributed irrigation head.
In figure: 1-water tank; 2-water pump; 3-service main;
4-drain header; 5-sprays base; 6-water inlet;
7-compression chamber; Fixed station under 8-; 9-bolt;
10-lower convex platform; 11-low groove; 12-sprinkler body;
13-hollow guide pillar; 14-sprays passage; 15-rotating shaft;
16-blade; The upper fixed station of 17-; 18-convex platform;
19-upper groove; 20-delivery port; 21-dead lever;
22-skidding; 23-filter.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, the distributed graft irrigation method of one that the present invention proposes, carry out according to the following steps:
Plant transplanting, is transplanted to field by the stock after grafting by four row arrangements, and the stock line space after transplanting is 2m-2.5m, and column pitch is 1.5m-2m;
The layout of irrigation installation, water tank 1 is set near stock after the transfer, on water tank 1 limit, water pump 2 is set, other along row to layout service main 3 at first row stock, other along row to layout drain header 4 at the 4th row stock, distributed irrigation head is fixedly mounted on stock limb top, distributed irrigation head is provided with water inlet and delivery port, service main 3 is provided with the row of stock to arranging several corresponding automatic valves, each automatic valve is connected with the water inlet of corresponding row to the distributed irrigation head on the first row stock arranged by water pipe, the delivery port of the distributed irrigation head on first row stock is connected by the water inlet of water pipe with the distributed irrigation head on same a line secondary series stock, the delivery port of the distributed irrigation head on secondary series stock is connected by the water inlet of water pipe with the distributed irrigation head on same a line the 3rd row stock, the delivery port of the distributed irrigation head on the 3rd row stock is connected by the water inlet of water pipe with the distributed irrigation head on same a line the 4th row stock, the delivery port of the distributed irrigation head on the 4th row stock is connected with drain header 4 by water pipe, be connected with water pipe between water tank 1 with water pump 2, be connected with water pipe between water pump 2 with service main 3, be connected with water pipe between drain header 4 with water tank 1,
Irrigation operation, water is introduced water tank 1, with water pump 2, the water in water tank 1 is led to service main 3, control the feedwater of every a line stock by the automatic valve opened and closed on service main 3 and cut off the water, water during feedwater in service main 3 is successively by flowing to drain header 4 after the distributed irrigation head on every a line stock, and finally returning water tank 1, current are by carrying out irrigation operation to stock during distributed irrigation head.
Be illustrated in figure 2 the structure of distributed irrigation head, comprise sprinkling irrigation base 5, lower fixed station 8, sprinkler body 12, hollow guide pillar 13 and upper fixed station 17; The bottom of sprinkling irrigation base 5 is provided with water inlet 6, and the inside of sprinkling irrigation base 5 is provided with the compression chamber 7 of upside down funnel shape, and the bottom of compression chamber 7 is communicated with water inlet 6; Lower fixed station 8 is fixedly mounted on the top of sprinkling irrigation base 5 by bolt 9, and lower fixed station 8 is provided with lower convex platform 10, is provided with low groove 11 in the middle of lower convex platform; Sprinkler body 12 is cylindrical, hollow guide pillar 13 is hollow cylindrical, the length of hollow guide pillar 13 is greater than the length of sprinkler body 12, hollow guide pillar 13 passes perpendicularly through the center of sprinkler body 12 and is connected in aggregates with sprinkler body 12, sprinkler body 12 evenly has some sprinkling irrigation passages 14, sprinkling irrigation passage 14 is communicated with hollow guide pillar 13, rotating shaft 15 is also provided with in hollow guide pillar 13, the blade 16 that some groups are subject to automatic rotation after impulse force rotating shaft 15 is equipped with, the bottom of hollow guide pillar 13 is arranged in low groove 11, and the bottom of rotating shaft 15 is fixed on lower fixed station 8; Upper fixed station 17 is provided with convex platform 18, convex platform 18 is provided with upper groove 19, the top of hollow guide pillar 13 is arranged in upper groove 19, and the top of rotating shaft 15 is fixed on fixed station 17, and the top of upper fixed station 17 is provided with delivery port 20; The bottom of hollow guide pillar 13 is communicated with the top of compression chamber 7, and the top of hollow guide pillar 13 is communicated with delivery port 20, and the two ends of rotating shaft 15 are provided with dead lever 21, and rotating shaft 15 is fixedly connected with hollow guide pillar 13 by described dead lever 21.
The operation principle of distributed irrigation head is as follows: current enter compression chamber 7 by water inlet 6, low wide and up narrow infundibulate compression chamber 7 sends into hollow guide pillar 13 after being accelerated by current, a moisture part enters the rear ejection of sprinkling irrigation passage 14 in sprinkler body 12 subsequently, a part flows away by entering delivery port 19 after hollow guide pillar 13, this part water is at the blade 16 by impacting during hollow guide pillar 13 in rotating shaft 15, rotating shaft 15 is driven to rotate, thus drive hollow guide pillar 13 and connected sprinkler body 12 to rotate, thus accomplish automatic rotation sprinkling irrigation operation; In order to reduce wear, in the service life of extension fixture, the skidding 22 of buffering can be set at the contact surface of hollow guide pillar 13 and upper groove 19 and low groove 11, play cushion task, reduce wear; Even sprinkling irrigation is accomplished in order to make distributed shower head, sprinkling irrigation passage 14 in sprinkler body 12 can be made passage tortuous up and down, make the number of bends of any two tortuous passageway all not identical, when spraying, current are not identical by the path of passing by and the resistance be subject to during every bar sprinkling irrigation passage 14 like this, coordinate the sprinkler body 12 not stopping to rotate, the water velocity of ejection in sprinkling irrigation passage 14 can be made constantly to change, thus accomplish to spray moisture uniformly to peripheral regions; Filter 23 is also provided with between water tank 1 and water pump 2, described filter can be film filter, lead to water pump 2 by the filter 23 arranged by after the water filtration in water tank 1, eliminate the impurity in water and silt, avoid distributed shower head to block.
Distributed sprinkling irrigation method in the present invention, by by the stock Rational Arrangement after grafting with arrange distributed shower head on stock, accomplish evenly to spray accurately management to stock, not only effectively control the confluent of graft, saved with water, and rainer is simple efficiently, the life-span is long.
Embodiment
Using during spinulose tree fern lifeless thing nanmu grafting redwood Chinese photinia at Xiaochang between in March, 2015-May adopts the inventive method to manage: be transplanted in garden by complete for grafting 24 spinulose tree fern lifeless thing nanmus by 6 row 4 row, line space after transplanting is 2m, column pitch is 1.5m, transplanting the both sides tubing respectively of stock, distributed shower head is fixedly mounted at stock top, distributed shower head is connected respectively with the service main laid and drain header, sooner or later each sprinkling irrigation 1 hour, in case of hot weather is then sprayed 2 hours sooner or later, continuous irrigation is observed cion survival rate for 40 days afterwards and is reached more than 96%, and stock grows fine, scion bud branch is bud green, leaf growth is vigorous, save than normal irrigation mode simultaneously and use water in a large number.
The content be not described in detail in this specification belongs to the known prior art of professional and technical personnel in the field.

Claims (6)

1. a distributed graft irrigation method, is characterized in that, carries out according to the following steps:
Plant transplanting, is transplanted to field by the stock after grafting by four row arrangements, and the stock line space after transplanting is 2m-2.5m, and column pitch is 1.5m-2m;
The layout of irrigation installation, water tank (1) is set near stock after the transfer, on water tank (1) limit, water pump (2) is set, other along row to layout service main (3) at first row stock, other along row to layout drain header (4) at the 4th row stock, distributed irrigation head is fixedly mounted on stock limb top, distributed irrigation head is provided with water inlet and delivery port, service main (3) is provided with the row of stock to arranging several corresponding automatic valves, each automatic valve is connected with the water inlet of corresponding row to the distributed irrigation head on the first row stock arranged by water pipe, the delivery port of the distributed irrigation head on first row stock is connected by the water inlet of water pipe with the distributed irrigation head on same a line secondary series stock, the delivery port of the distributed irrigation head on secondary series stock is connected by the water inlet of water pipe with the distributed irrigation head on same a line the 3rd row stock, the delivery port of the distributed irrigation head on the 3rd row stock is connected by the water inlet of water pipe with the distributed irrigation head on same a line the 4th row stock, the delivery port of the distributed irrigation head on the 4th row stock is connected with drain header (4) by water pipe, be connected with water pipe between water tank (1) with water pump (2), be connected with water pipe between water pump (2) with service main (3), be connected with water pipe between drain header (4) with water tank (1),
Irrigation operation, water is introduced water tank (1), with water pump (2), the water in water tank (1) is led to service main (3), control the feedwater of every a line stock by the automatic valve opened and closed on service main (3) and cut off the water, water during feedwater in service main (3) is successively by flowing to drain header (4) after the distributed irrigation head on every a line stock, and finally returning water tank (1), current are by carrying out irrigation operation to stock during distributed irrigation head.
2. distributed graft irrigation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described distributed irrigation head comprises sprinkling irrigation base (5), lower fixed station (8), sprinkler body (12), hollow guide pillar (13) and upper fixed station (17);
The bottom of described sprinkling irrigation base (5) is provided with water inlet (6), the inside of described sprinkling irrigation base (5) is provided with the compression chamber (7) of upside down funnel shape, and the bottom of described compression chamber (7) is communicated with water inlet (6);
Described lower fixed station (8) is fixedly mounted on the top of described sprinkling irrigation base (5) by bolt (9), described lower fixed station (8) is provided with lower convex platform (10), in the middle of described lower convex platform, is provided with low groove (11);
Described sprinkler body (12) is for cylindrical, described hollow guide pillar (13) is hollow cylindrical, the length of described hollow guide pillar (13) is greater than the length of described sprinkler body (12), described hollow guide pillar (13) passes perpendicularly through the center of described sprinkler body (12) and is connected in aggregates with described sprinkler body (12), described sprinkler body (12) evenly has some sprinkling irrigations passage (14), described sprinkling irrigation passage (14) is communicated with described hollow guide pillar (13), rotating shaft (15) is also provided with in described hollow guide pillar (13), the blade (16) that some groups are subject to automatic rotation after impulse force described rotating shaft (15) is equipped with, the bottom of described hollow guide pillar (13) is arranged in described low groove (11), the bottom of described rotating shaft (15) is fixed on described lower fixed station (8),
Fixed (17) are provided with convex platform (18), described convex platform (18) is provided with upper groove (19), the top of described hollow guide pillar (13) is arranged in described upper groove (19), the top of described rotating shaft (15) is fixed on fixed (17), and the top of fixed (17) is provided with delivery port (20);
The bottom of described hollow guide pillar (13) is communicated with the top of described compression chamber (7), the top of described hollow guide pillar (13) is communicated with described delivery port (20), the two ends of described rotating shaft (15) are provided with dead lever (21), and described rotating shaft (15) is fixedly connected with hollow guide pillar (13) by described dead lever (21).
3. distributed graft irrigation method according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the contact surface of described hollow guide pillar (13) and upper groove (19) and low groove (11) is provided with the skidding (22) of buffering.
4. distributed graft irrigation method according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described sprinkling irrigation passage (14) is passage tortuous up and down, and the number of bends of any two tortuous passageway is all not identical.
5. the distributed graft irrigation method according to any one of claim 1-4, is characterized in that: be also provided with filter (23) between described water tank (1) and water pump (2).
6. distributed graft irrigation method according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described filter (23) is film filter.
CN201510333206.0A 2015-06-16 2015-06-16 Distributed type grafted plant irrigation method Pending CN104996272A (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201571372U (en) * 2009-12-18 2010-09-08 武汉市安友科技有限公司 Planting groove integrated greening device with water storing and circulating system
CN202857454U (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-04-10 江苏吟春碧芽股份有限公司 Water-saving spray and drip irrigation system for tea garden
CN103460943A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-25 安顺市纳阳生态农业发展有限公司 Elite breeding method for tea-oil trees
CN103651048A (en) * 2012-08-31 2014-03-26 江苏吟春碧芽股份有限公司 Water-saving spray and dip irrigation system for tea gardens
WO2014181351A2 (en) * 2013-04-26 2014-11-13 Eesavyasa Technologies Pvt.Ltd. Compressed air based micro irrigation systems including sprayers, sprinklers and drip irrigation
CN204291936U (en) * 2014-09-01 2015-04-29 贵州师范大学 A kind of farmland automatic water-saving irrigation device
CN104663103A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-06-03 石河子大学 Spraying and dripping irrigating system for fruit trees

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201571372U (en) * 2009-12-18 2010-09-08 武汉市安友科技有限公司 Planting groove integrated greening device with water storing and circulating system
CN202857454U (en) * 2012-08-31 2013-04-10 江苏吟春碧芽股份有限公司 Water-saving spray and drip irrigation system for tea garden
CN103651048A (en) * 2012-08-31 2014-03-26 江苏吟春碧芽股份有限公司 Water-saving spray and dip irrigation system for tea gardens
WO2014181351A2 (en) * 2013-04-26 2014-11-13 Eesavyasa Technologies Pvt.Ltd. Compressed air based micro irrigation systems including sprayers, sprinklers and drip irrigation
CN103460943A (en) * 2013-09-18 2013-12-25 安顺市纳阳生态农业发展有限公司 Elite breeding method for tea-oil trees
CN204291936U (en) * 2014-09-01 2015-04-29 贵州师范大学 A kind of farmland automatic water-saving irrigation device
CN104663103A (en) * 2015-01-08 2015-06-03 石河子大学 Spraying and dripping irrigating system for fruit trees

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